There are many indoor plants that are found in the apartments of our compatriots. Some of them are quite famous, and they can be found in almost every home. But there are indoor pets, the names of which are heard by no means every experienced florist. And growing them can be a particularly exciting experience. The klerodendrum of Ugandan refers to just such flowers, we will clarify what kind of care this plant needs at home, and also give a photo of a flower.
The Ugandan clerodendrum came to us from the mountains of East Africa, it has surprisingly attractive leaves and wonderful blue flowers that are similar in shape to butterflies. Such a plant is essentially a semilian, its thin woody shoots capable of reaching a length of two and a half meters. They are opposite the dark green leaves (each not more than ten centimeters in length). In order to grow a flower Ugandan klerodendrum in an apartment, you need to provide him with a full and proper care.
On the photo Ugandan klerodendrum
Peculiarities of care for uteri clerodendrum at home
In order for such plants to grow well and please the eye, readers of Popular Health need to find the right place for them in their home. Such a pet needs an abundance of light, otherwise it will simply cease to bloom. It cannot suffer from the influence of direct rays of the sun, so it is best to place it on the window sill of a south, southeast, or southwest window.
In the event that you have such an opportunity, then in spring and summer the liana may well be sent to a well-lit balcony. You should not even try to grow a klerodendrum from Uganda on the northern side of the house, it can and will grow, but you will not wait for the flowering from it unless you additionally highlight such a plant.
In order for the flower to remain healthy and beautiful, you also need to keep it in the right temperature. In the summer, the Ugandan clerodendrum may well grow in an apartment, it does not need any special conditions. But for the winter it is desirable to provide him with a cooler content - the temperature should be reduced to twelve to sixteen degrees. If the plant does not overwinter in coolness, then next year it may not bloom.
At home, the Ugandan clerodendrum is in dire need of high humidity. Such a plant negatively perceives the environment dryness, therefore it needs systematic spraying. This procedure can be performed every day, but for it you need to use only soft water.
In addition, it will not be superfluous to place a Ugandan clerodendrum pot on a pallet filled with wet clay or pebbles. This will add moisture to the environment.
At the stage of active growth and development of such a houseplant needs a systematic and fairly abundant watering. Moisturizing is carried out using soft and well-settled water. It is desirable that it was at room temperature. It is necessary to start watering only after some drying of the top layer of soil.
After the flowering period is over, moistening should be made less plentiful. And at the stage of winter recreation watering should be significantly reduced. It should be carried out only to prevent the complete drying of the soil.
In fact, the Ugandan clerodendrum may well suffer some lack of moisture. At this time, its leaves become a little submerged, but after moisturizing, they restore elasticity. However, with excessive watering, the plant can suffer and even die, because in this case its soil sours, and the roots and stems often rot.
Ugandan clerodendrum must be periodically trimmed. This procedure helps to restrain the active growth of the vines and increase the bushiness of the plant, adding decorativeness to it. After all, with strong bushiness, the klerodendrum will bloom especially beautifully, the inflorescences appear only at the ends of young shoots.
Pruning must be done before the active growth of the indoor pet - in early spring. You can also do it after the end of flowering - in the autumn. Shoots should be shortened by half or a third of their length.
Some flower growers prune the clerodendrum to form a stem tree. For this purpose, it is necessary to leave only one central shoot of the pet, and cut all the lower branches from it in order to obtain a smooth trunk of sufficient height. Regular pruning and pinching of shoots helps form the crown of a tree. This plant needs to be supported.
At the stage of active growth, ugandan clerodendrum must be fed. For this it is convenient to use complex fertilizers intended for flowering indoor crops. Such formulations contain an increased amount of potassium and phosphorus, which makes it possible to stimulate more abundant flowering, and less nitrogen.
After flowering and during rest period, it is not necessary to feed this plant.
Ugandan Clerodendrum grows very quickly, so it sometimes has to be replanted twice a year - in spring and autumn. In this case, the choice of a large pot activates an even faster growth of the bush. Soil mixture for a plant can be made up of equal parts of turf, leaf, humus and peat soil, as well as coarse sand.
Ugandan Clerodendrum is a surprisingly beautiful plant that can be grown in your apartment if you wish.
Culodendrum Ugandan Growing Conditions
Despite the exotic appearance and origin at home, the Ugandan klerodendrum is simple in content but not yet very well known to Russian growers as a vine.
The main conditions for successful plant growth are:
- in choosing a well-lit place for a flower,
- in creating a kind of wintering with lowering the temperature of the content,
- in maintaining high humidity,
- in abundant watering,
- in obligatory pruning,
- in transplanting to support the development of large decorative culture.
The plant is not afraid of bright light, so the Ugandan clerodendrum, as in the photo, can without any fear for the health of the flower to grow on the windows, facing not only east or west, but also south. But the northern side is detrimental to the decorative appearance. Although the stems will grow, they become thinner, the internodes become longer, and you can’t wait for flowering at all.
If it is impossible to find a suitable place for a culture, it is more correct to use special lamps and additionally highlight a pot with a Ugandan guest.
For temperature conditions, there is no special requirement for the klerodendrum. In the warm season, the plant is satisfied with the room atmosphere, feels great when taking the pot to the loggia or garden.
But for the budding klerodendrum Ugandan need a cool wintering. For 2-3 months, a container with a flower is placed in a room with an air temperature of 12–16 ° C. If this is not done, the bloom will suffer serious damage, as with excessively dry air. At home, the flower is regularly sprayed with warm distilled water and in every possible way increase the content of water vapor in the atmosphere. See: oleander photo!
Features care uteri clerodendrum
During the period of growth and mass flowering, the Ugandan klerodendrum during care requires frequent and abundant watering with soft settled water. The frequency with which it is necessary to moisten the soil depends on the rate of drying of the substrate on the surface. The plant tolerates dry soil well and quickly restores the briefly lost turgor, but excessive moisture inside the substrate can be disastrous for the culture.
After completion of flowering, klerodendrum can be watered less. And during the rest period, when the plant stays cool, this should be done extremely rarely, and very carefully, trying only to slightly moisten the earthen room.
The dressing regime of the Ugandan clerodendrum, in the photo, differs little from similar care for other flowering plants. At home, twice a month make a comprehensive tool for ornamental crops.
At the beginning of the growing season, top dressing may contain an increased amount of nitrogen, stimulating the growth of greenery and shoots. And by the summer it is more correct to use drugs with a predominance of potassium and phosphorus. In this case, clerodendrum will give the maximum number of flowers and grow well.
Young plants do not require special pruning, but the klerodendrum should be given several long shoots, as the question arises of the need to maintain the shape of the crown. In nature, the stems of this culture grow to 2 meters in length. At home, caring for a Ugandan clerodendrum of this size will not be easy.
In the spring, before the start of the active growing season, and in the fall, after the inflorescence of the buds wither, the shoots are shortened to half the length. This procedure allows to cause tillering of the plant and increase its decorative effect due to the buds formed on the tops of young stalks.
Using pruning, experienced flower growers turn a decorative culture into a compact stambo tree. To this end, a trunk is formed from a strong shoot, successively cutting off all lateral branches and providing the urodian klerodendrum with additional support. Then pinch the stem, and from the beginning to grow young branches create a crown.
Transplantation and reproduction of Ugandan's clerodendrum
An African plant needs a nutrient, slightly acidic substrate, eliminating the possibility of stagnant moisture. The easiest way for planting and further caring for the Ugandan clerodendrum is to purchase ready-made soil for flowering home-grown crops and add a bit of crushed bark and charcoal to it.
The plant belongs to the fast-growing species and requires quite frequent transshipment into a container of larger diameter. If over the summer the bush has greatly increased in growth, you should not refuse him a new pot. Transplantation of klerodendrum can be both in spring and autumn.
The pruning carried out at the same time can provide excellent planting material for the reproduction of the shrub. These are apical cuttings that root in water and are planted in a loose, light substrate. For the second year, such plants are ready to bloom and delight the owner with flocks of blue moths over lush greenery.
Evergreen liana with lashes up to 2.5 m. Thin shoots, with time woody. Leaves on short petioles, dark green. Form - wide, lanceolate with a smooth or slightly serrated edge. On the stem, the leaves are located opposite.
Bloom long - from spring to autumn. The flowers are small, pyatilepestkovye, in shape resemble butterflies. Four petals are painted in delicate blue color, the fifth - in blue. The stamens are long, curved. Inflorescences paniculata, friable, formed on young shoots in the axils of the leaves.
Care uteri clerodendrum: what to consider
How to care for uteri clerodendrum in a pot? Like any tropical culture, it has certain requirements for the microclimate. You can’t call it capricious, but under adverse conditions, with improper care, clerodendrum will not bloom. Experienced growers recommend sticking to the following rules.
- Temperature . In the summer to create special conditions is not necessary. Clerodendrum feels great at an average room temperature of 20-25 ° C. In winter, difficulties may arise - lower temperatures of 12–16 ° C are required. Small young plants can be moved closer to the window glass, separated from the room with a thick curtain. Adults - to take out on the glazed, warmed balcony.
- Lighting The need for light is high. Placed in a well-lit place with a minimum amount of direct sunlight. In the afternoon, in the heat, they are necessarily pritenyat - sunburns quickly remain on the leaves. On the north side there is a lack of light, stretched out, does not bloom. If there are no other options, they will organize an artificial illumination with fitolamps or fluorescent lamps.
- Watering It is necessary to water a klerodendrum Ugandan systematically. The abundance of watering depends on the season, the temperature content. Water is plentiful in summer, moderate in winter. The water used is well settled, soft, room temperature. On the drying of the soil reacts instantly - the leaves wither, hang, begin to fall. If the drought was short, after watering the leaves become elastic again.
- Humidity Systematic spraying is an important condition for the active growth and maintenance of decorativeness. Humidity is above average. Artificially, it is raised by placing a flowerpot in a tray filled with wet expanded clay. Spray every day with soft water with a minimum salt content.
- The soil . The soil mixture is prepared from peat, sod, coarse sand, hardwood soil and humus. Mix in equal proportions. You can use ready-made substrates. The main thing is that the ground is light, breathable, sufficiently nutritious.
- Transplant Refers to fast-growing crops. Young plants have to be transplanted twice a year - in the fall and spring. Adults are transplanted once a year. In large instances, you can simply replace the top layer of soil. Drainage layer is required.
- Top dressing. Fertilizers are applied during the period of active growth. You can fertilize the Clerodendrum Ugandan standard preparation for flowering crops. They increase the content of phosphorus and potassium - important trace elements for flowering. When the klerodendrum ottsvetet, will begin to fall into a "hibernation" dressing stop.
Growing clerodendrum at home is complicated by the need for regular pruning. Without pruning, the klerodendrum will rapidly build up vines, foliage, but will no longer bloom. Crop ugandan clerodendrum begin early. In small young bushes, you can simply pin points of growth. In subsequent years, it is recommended to cut the vines to a third length.
Pruning is performed in early spring before the start of active growth or in autumn before entering a period of rest. Here flower growers have different opinions. Usually shoots are cut to a third length. If the klerodendrum is formed in the form of a compact bush, they can be shortened by half. Pruning klerodendrum tolerates easily. After some time, new lateral shoots are actively beginning to grow. It is on them that the buds are formed.
The formation of a klerodendrum in the form of a small stab tree is possible. Begin to work with a young plant - adult bushes are harder to form. This is done simply. Leave one strong escape, the rest cut out at the root. Upon reaching a height of half a meter, the growth point is pinched, the shoot is tied to a straight vertical support. Bottom of the stem bare, the remaining branches pinch. Regular pinching to achieve the formation of a fluffy, flat crown.
If not blooming: 4 reasons
Ugandan clerodendrum does not bloom because of inappropriate conditions of detention. Affects the temperature during wintering, the frequency of fertilizing and the composition of fertilizers, the method of forming. There are four main reasons for the lack of flowering.
- Clerodendrum not trimmed. After pruning, side shoots begin to grow, on which buds are formed. The more young shoots of a plant, the more abundant flowering.
- Big pot. In a spacious pot, the klerodendrum begins to rapidly build up vines. Blooming inhibited.
- Incorrect fertilizer composition. The nitrogen content in the complex fertilizer should be minimal. Potassium and phosphorus - elevated.
- Warm wintering. Warm wintering is not reflected in the appearance. But flower buds are laid only with cold content.
Stimulate the flowering of the Ugandan clerodendrum by creating coolness in the winter, keeping the irrigation to a minimum, transferring to a small, a little cramped pot. In the spring, the plant is returned to heat, the intensity of irrigation is increased. With the advent of buds spend the first feeding.
The easiest way to propagate the clerodendrum is Ugandan cuttings. Apical shoots easily rooted in water or soil. Seed propagation is allowed, but the first flowering will have to wait much longer. In both cases, the breeding technique is simple and effective.
- Cuttings. Remaining after pruning tip cuttings can be rooted. They are placed in water with the addition of activated charcoal tablets or immediately dropped in light moist soil. To accelerate rooting process the place of the cut root stimulator. The common drugs are Heteroauxin, Cornevin. When rooting in the soil stalk covered with a plastic cup or cut balloon.
- Seeds. Seeds are sown at the end of winter in a sand-peat mixture. Use of any friable, easy soil is allowed. Germinated under cover. Ежедневно проветривают парничок, почву увлажняют из пульверизатора по мере необходимости. Сеянцы пикируют в отдельные стаканчики после появления четвертого настоящего листа.
Diseases, pests, growing problems
The leaves of a klerodendrum have not strong, but a specific smell, therefore pests hardly touch it. If the room is very dry air, they are affected by spider mites, whitefly, aphids. Rarely have to deal with the shield.
Common fungal and infectious diseases of indoor plants bypass the side of the klerodendrum. The exception is the rot - the root system may rot as a result of excessive irrigation and lack of drainage. Most of the problems associated with the errors of care. The main diseases and methods of their elimination are listed in the table.
Table - Problems of Growing Ugandan Clerodendrum
Today, there are about three hundred species of Clerodendrum in the world., but gardeners and gardeners use only a small part of this variety.
- Mrs. Thompson.
Then you can get acquainted with the photo of the Ugandan clerodendrum and care for him at home:
When growing ugandan clerodendrum use slightly acidic or humus soil. The most favorable soil is soil consisting of humus, turf, leaf and peat land, as well as coarse sand in equal parts. If you do not want to do it yourself, you can buy ready-made primer in the store.
Lighting and location
One of the main components in growing a healthy Ugandan klerodendrum. Easy to endure direct sunlight. Most suitable for this plant fit window sills, whose windows overlook the south-east, south and south-west.
In the summer, it will be better to leave Ugandan Clerodendrum on the balconies. You should not put Ugandan's clerodendrum. on the north windows or create the necessary temperature and lighting there.
One of the main components in the right care is the observance of the correct temperature background in the apartment. In winter, the temperature should be observed from 12 degrees to 16 degrees Celsius, because at this time it is resting and it will favorably affect its flowering.
Should pay close attention and humidity. Ugandan Clerodendrum does not tolerate dryness. Therefore, in summer and winter, leaves should be regularly sprayed with soft water. In addition to this, you can put the pot on a pallet with wet expanded clay or pebbles.
When the plant begins the growing season, it is often necessary to water the plant. Make it necessary to water soft and having a room temperature. Conduct watering after drying the first layer of soil. When the flowering period comes, watering should be somewhat limited. Long can do without watering.
Feed complex fertilizers designed for indoor, flowering plants. They are used as they have a high content of phosphorus and potassium and a low nitrogen content. Frequent transplantation is required, 2 times a year. In order for the plant to grow and develop, it is necessary to use a pot more when transplanting than the previous one.
Common diseases and pests
A feature of this plant is that it rarely deals with pests and various diseases, as it has a pronounced unpleasant smell of essential oils. Most common:
In the fight against them will help a warm shower or a chemical treatment. The main factors of diseases and pests are the consequences after the lack of proper care, these include:
- Long lack of moisture, as a result, the leaves turn yellow and dry.
- The lack of optimal humidity, because of this fall leaves, buds and flowers of the plant.
- Low temperature conditions lead to the appearance of dark spots on the leaves.
- Direct sunlight on the plant leads to yellow spots.
- If there is not enough light, heat, overfeeding or lack of nutrients in the room, it leads to a lack of flowering.
Appearance may be spoiled by improper care.
- With a lack of moisture - fall off and get a yellowish tint.
- Brown shade on leaves - This is a sign of sunburn.
- Dry air - This is a sign of falling flowers.
This plant, the Ugandan clerodendrum, belonging to the Verbenov family, is most commonly found in the wild in the mountains of East Africa. It is related to one of the most beautiful and prominent representatives of the genus Clerodendrum. The beautiful name “Blue butterflies” was popularly received with the help of its petal shape.
Temperature mode is an important condition for normal flower growth.
In summer, the plant feels good at moderate temperatures, in winter the optimum temperature is 12-16 degrees.
Failure to comply with this rest will not provide optimal conditions for rest, which may have a negative impact on the flowering process.
Reproduction is carried out by cuttings and seeds, cutting is recommended in the warm season, in winter the process is slower. It is recommended to transplant sufficiently strengthened cuttings into separate pots.
Cultivation of seeds is carried out in the usual way - in the spring the seeds are planted, when sprouts appear, they spout into large tanks.
Diseases and pests
Klerodendrum Ugandan can also affect diseases and pests, the most common is rot, the occurrence of which is associated with improper or excessive watering.
The plant suffers from whiteflies and spider mitesFirst, you can remove mechanically by wiping the sheets. Spraying with soapy water will help to destroy the spider mite.
Why does not bloom?
The lack of flowers in the allotted period is due to content violation Clerodendrum in the winter.
An important role is played by winter, during which the plant must recuperate for the upcoming flowering.
Preparation should begin in the fall with a slowdown in the growth of shoots, watering during this period should be reduced, feeding stopped.
In winter, the plant is placed in a cool room, with an air temperature of at least fifteen degrees.
At this time, klerodendrum can completely lose the leaves, to fear it is not recommended - the process is quite natural. When creating normal conditions for winter problems with flowering should arise. Another problem is the lack of colors is the lack of lighting.
Ugandan Clerodendrum - enough common plant, does not differ in particular whimsicalness.
Flowering continues from the vein until the autumn; in winter, the flower needs to create optimal conditions for further growth.
Reproduction is carried out by cuttings and seeds, transplantation is carried out twice a year.
The plant can decorate any room, optimum growth will provide regular watering and the optimal level of lighting.
Self-care for uteri clerodendrum
Often this plant is grown at home. For the process to go successfully, you need to know all the rules of care.
He is quite unpretentious liana, but to wait for the time of its flowering, you must adhere to a number of mandatory conditions.
A large amount of light is one of the key conditions in home care. This condition is necessary in order for the klerodendrum to enter the flowering period.
Direct sunshine he cares nothing, so the best choice for this plant will be windows of the south-west, southeast and south. If there is such an opportunity, then in spring and summer the liana can be put on a balcony or loggia, here it will be most comfortable.
The north window in home care will be the most unfortunate location for the location of this plant.
Of course, it will grow quite tolerably, but it will be difficult to wait for flowering time, but only if you apply additional lighting with UV and phytolamps.
Another important condition for home care is properly selected and sustained temperature conditions. If moderate summer temperatures characteristic of the middle band are quite acceptable for this liana, however, in winter it will require a cool room. During this period, the temperature should be lowered to about 11 - 15 ° C, otherwise the klerodendrum will not wait for good rest, and this, in turn, will negatively affect flowering.
Special attention should be paid to this condition of care. Often at home it is quite difficult to ensure normal humidity. Nevertheless, we must try, because the plant does not tolerate dry air. In this regard, both in summer and in winter, its leaves must be systematically sprayed with water, preferably soft. In addition to this, the pot can be placed on a tray with pebbles or wet expanded clay.
Clerodendrum needs regular and abundant watering during the growing season. Watering should be done with soft, well-settled water at room temperature. Only after the surface layer of the soil dries out slightly.
After completion of the flowering of the klerodendrum, watering should be slightly limited. When the plant comes to a period of rest, then watering should be reduced as much as possible, while not allowing the earthman to finally dry out.
The plant is tolerant to the dry period. Even if the leaves of the plant are somewhat wilted and shrunk, after watering their turgor quickly recovers. Overflowing, on the contrary, is very dangerous for this plant, since it leads to soil peroxidation, and this causes rotting of the stems and roots.
Pruning for clerodendrum is a necessary procedure.. It not only allows you to maintain an active increase in these vines, but it also contributes to the increase in bushiness of the plant and, as a result, its flowering, since the inflorescences begin to form only at the tips of young shoots. This fact, in turn, determines the time for pruning. It should be carried out either before the plant starts growing - in the spring, or at the end of the flowering period - in the fall. In this case, the shoots are reduced by approximately half or one third of their length.
With the help of pruning, you can give the form of klerodendrum not only in the form of liana. It may look like a stem tree. To achieve this, it is necessary to leave one of their central shoots, cutting off all the lower branches on it, leaving the “trunk” smooth and at the same time of a certain height.
The “crown” of this tree is formed as a result of systematically carried out pruning and pinching of lateral shoots. Thanks to this method of cultivation for the "trunk" will need support, because it is quite thin and can break off or bend under the weight of its own "crown".
For successful cultivation of the Ugandan clerodendrum, it is necessary to choose slightly acidic, humus soils with a pH in the range of 5 to 6.5 units. For example, what is needed is a mixture that consists of equal parts:
- humus earth, as well as coarse sand.
If it is not possible to plant a plant in the soil with such a composition, then it is possible to purchase ready-made soil with a weakly acid reaction especially for colorflowing indoor flowers in specialized retail outlets. For example, for begonias and roses.
Before planting them at the bottom of the pot, you should organize a quality drainage layer that would help prevent moisture stagnation.
From spring days to autumn liana fed complex fertilizerspecially designed for flowering houseplants. The procedure should be carried out twice a month. In such nutrient floral solutions there is an increased content of phosphorus and potassium, which contribute to abundant flowering, and a reduced nitrogen content, which enhances the growth of green mass.
Upon completion of flowering and during the rest period, fertilizing will not be necessary.
Due to its very rapid growth, the vine has the need for frequent transplants, in some cases even up to two times a year: in spring and autumn, immediately after pruning. It will also be necessary to take into account that the larger the vessel selected for transplantation, the stronger and faster the growth will be.
The ugandan clerodendrum propagates both by seed and grafting. When breeding cuttings from the top of the bush cut off a piece with two or three internodes. They are well rooted both in the prepared substrate and in the glass with water. In the case of a glass of water, the sprout should be covered with a transparent cap to ensure the maintenance of high humidity around it.
Pests and diseases
Ugandan clerodendrum is rarely affected by pests. This is probably due to high content of essential oils, they are concentrated in its leaves and possess an unpleasant smell that repels insects. The most possible parasites on his shoots are:
At the first detection of the listed insects, it will be quite sufficient to thoroughly rinse the small klerodendrum under a warm shower, and treat the adult specimen with a chemical means of directional action.
The main cause of diseases of the klerodendrum is non-compliance care rules:
- drying out of the ground leads to wilting and yellowing of the leaves,
- too low air humidity contributes to the shedding of buds, leaves and flowers,
- cold atmosphere and drafts provoke dark spots on the leaves,
- sunburn causes yellow brown spots,
- lack of flowering is often the result of a lack of light, a warm winter, and also a lack of nutrients or overdose with nitrogen fertilizers.
Watering and moisturizing
Unpretentious klerodendrum though loves moisture, in nature, and withstands long droughts. The leaves of the creeper wither and shrivel, but quickly recover after watering.
When growing the Ugandan perennial on the windowsill, it is moistened with warm, well-settled water, but they do this only when the ground dries from above.
Excess moisture is dangerous for vines, as the roots begin to rot, the stems die. Its disadvantage also negatively affects the condition. plants, which are also called "Blue butterflies". Leaves should be sprayed during the flowering period, and during dormancy.
In order for the Ugandan liana to develop well and delight with delicate beauty, it is necessary to choose the right soil. A special mixture with low acidity of the soil is sold at sales points for flowering plants, but it can be made by taking the same quantity:
- land - sod and leaf,
- river sand.
At the bottom of the tub or pot lay expanded clay, which serves as a drainage layer, does not allow stagnant moisture.
Tropical liana is developing rapidly. It has to transplant in the spring and after flowering ends. Each time the capacity for a klerodendrum is picked up in ever larger size, since This tree perennial grows with great speed.
Ugandan clerodendrum is fed with fertilizers, in which the main components are phosphorus and potassium. Do it twice a month during flowering and growth.
Pests and diseases
The unpleasant smell of tropical vines comes from the essential oils present in the leaves in large quantities, drives away many insects from the plant. Not afraid of a specific flavor:
Perennial is sick when care requirements are ignored. Leaves wither and turn yellow if the soil dries out under the plant. With a lack of moisture fall buds. Drafts and cold provoke the formation of black spots on the stems and shoots.