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Hydrangea garden: planting and care in the open field

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Garden hydrangea - the favorite of many gardeners. Attractive air caps of lush inflorescences of white, blue, pink, lime shade add refinement to any landscape.

To successfully plant and grow hydrangea in your garden, you need to follow a few simple guidelines.

When to plant?

The optimal time for planting garden hydrangea - Spring, after the threat of nocturnal freezing of the soil has passed, but before the buds began to bloom.

In regions with not very severe winter permissible autumn planting, but here you need to catch up to the first frost.

Cuttings recommended to plant only in the spring, to give them the opportunity for the active season to take root and gain strength before the next wintering.

Choosing the best place

Hortensia tolerates some shading well, grows well in penumbra. Like any aristocrat, she does not tolerate exposure to direct sunlight. Choose a slightly shaded spot, most brightly lit in the morning.

Keep in mind that an adult bush, taking into account branches and flowers, takes about 1.5 m in diameter.

The soil for hydrangea should be loose, nutritious composition, with predominantly acidic medium. Alkaline environment is strictly not suitable for hydrangeas - they lime is contraindicated.

The ideal option is mature compostcontaining many nutrients.

Bad and good neighbors

Not worth it place the hydrangea next to the plants with a shallow root system, since, due to similar environmental requirements, they will oppress each other. Do not plant hydrangea under the trees - the powerful roots of the trees take away all the moisture from the soil.

Best neighborhood for hydrangeas, these are plants with fleshy roots or tubers. Very well adjacent to the hosts, astilba, looks beautiful in combination with boxwood.

After the purchase

If you purchased a new pet in the store, most likely, it is grown in a greenhouse and therefore somewhat pampered. You need to teach your princess to a new place of residence. For this when landing remember:

  • if you are not going to plant a hydrangea immediately after purchase, then water it abundantly before planting,
  • in no case can neither shorten nor prune the roots of the plant taken out of the container (although it is often recommended!),
  • they also can not be soaked and shake off the ground,
  • the roots of the plant should not feel a sharp transition from the store substrate to the garden soil, otherwise the growth of the root system will slow down or stop. In the pit for planting, mix the garden soil with fertilized at least 25 cm from the plant.

After landing a greenhouse capricious, accustomed to drip irrigation and large doses of phytohormones and fertilizers, will have to adapt. You have to gradually "remove" the plant from a stimulating diet, as a patient with strong painkillers. To do this, the first two months after planting 1 time in two weeks, be sure to feed the plant mineral and organic fertilizers.

Care during the season

Watering. Remember that the hydrangea is a “vessel with water”: provide the possibility of abundant irrigation, ideally - drip. In a week, under each plant should fall several buckets of water, in any case not tap - only rain or separated. To prevent the soil from drying out, mulch the tree trunk with peat, needles, sawdust and bark, spreading the mulch in a layer of 20-25 cm.

Crop. Throughout the summer, remove the inflorescences that have faded and dried - this will give the plant the opportunity to extend the flowering period. Rejuvenating pruning spend in the spring - remove shoots, which froze after severe cold weather, as well as branches that are more than three years old. After the buds awaken, correct the result - cut the shoots with unblown buds. In order to bush was lush, cut off the shoots on 4-5 bud.

Top dressing. Two or three times a month water it with organic fertilizer dissolved in it (humus, manure). Do not overdo it with mineral fertilizers, their excess can badly affect the winter hardiness of the plant. Ash cannot be fertilized.

Planting and care

Landing and care for the plant is carried out according to special rules. Planting hydrangea is best in late spring or early autumn:

  • Land for planting should be selected in advance. Acidic, moist enough land is perfect for growing flowers. You can plant flowers in a well-lit place, and in the shade.
  • For planting hydrangea bush in the open field should make a recess of about 60 cm, with a diameter of about 0.5 m.
  • Between the bushes should observe a gap of at least 1.5 m. When growing due to proper care, hydrangea will occupy a larger area than during planting.
  • It is recommended to fill the indentations with a mixture that includes peat, sand, soil, humus (1: 1: 2: 2), as well as fertilizers.

As a fertilizer, you can use the mixture:

  • 20 grams of potassium sulphide
  • 20 grams of urea,
  • 60 grams of granulated superphosphate,
  • 10 kg of humus.

Tip! It is forbidden to add lime to the mixture, as this substance has a detrimental effect on the growth and development of hydrangea.

When planting, you should carefully observe that the root neck of the plant is located at ground level. After planting in open ground flower hydrangea should be well watered.

Soft water is used for irrigation of hydrangea, the best option is rainwater, because such liquid does not contain lime in its composition. Water taken from the water supply system must be defended before use, and this procedure does not always help to fight against leaf chlorosis. In a week each plant should receive at least 2 buckets of water. Watering is best done in the morning or in the evening, when the sun is not so bright.

The plant is moisture-loving, so after watering the soil should be mulched so that the soil retains moisture for as long as possible. Pine needles, peat or sawdust are suitable for mulching.

What and how to feed the hydrangea?

If a special soil mixture was used during planting, the hydrangea will not need additional feeding for several years. If the soil is not fertile enough, the inflorescences of the shrub will differ in small size. As a feed you can use the tools produced by the industrial method, these include:

Fertilizer for feeding can also be made independently.

In early spring, it is recommended to carry out the first feeding. To prepare the nutrient solution you will need:

  • 10 g of urea,
  • 15 g of superphosphate,
  • 15 g of potassium sulfate, all these substances need to be dissolved in 15 liters of water.

The second dressing is carried out after the first buds have appeared. For this solution is used:

  • 20 g of superphosphates,
  • 20 grams of potassium sulphide
  • dissolved in 15 liters of water.

In summer, hydrangea is recommended to be watered with a mullein infusion; it is best to perform this procedure once a month.

Hydrangea feeding should be carried out 2 times a month. You can apply fertilizers for heather, azaleas, rhododendrons. Do not use ash. Nitrogen fertilizers should be used with extreme caution.

Attention! Poor winter hardiness of flowers, can be triggered by feeding nitrogenous substances. Also, overfeeding with nitrogen-containing fertilizers can lead to the appearance of diseases in plants, since the turgor of the stems is weakened.

Watch the video!How to achieve gorgeous blooming hydrangea

How to cover the hydrangea for the winter?

As a covering material for the winter for hydrangea bushes, you can use spruce branches, dry leaves. From above the plant is covered with a box or a box. A large number of varieties of hydrangeas do not need shelter. However, it is recommended to closely monitor the descent of snow masses from the roof, since the shoots of hydrangeas are very fragile.

How to change the color of hydrangea?

Hydrangea flowers can change color depending on the level of acidity of the soil. To obtain blue and blue inflorescences, it is necessary to deposit iron salts and alum twice a month on the site. If you add these substances only on one side, you can get a bush, simultaneously consisting of blue and pink flowers.

Breeding

Summer residents and amateur gardeners most often use hive division and grafting for the reproduction of hydrangea. A large plant makes a digging around 15 cm from the stem. The digging is best done on wet soil with a pitchfork. After that, the bush is removed and cut with a knife or shovel.

Harvest cuttings best in April-June. To do this, annual shoots are cut at a right angle, which are 10-12 cm long. From the bottom, leaves are removed from the cutting and treated with growth stimulants, after which the cuttings are planted in a special, fertile soil mixture in a greenhouse. In the first winter, the plant is recommended to cover from frost, and cut flowers.

Dividing bush

Reproduction of hydrangea by dividing the bush is recommended in the spring or autumn months. To do this, the plant is dug and divided into several parts so that each separated bush has a renewed bud, after which it is planted in a prepared place.

For reproduction by layering, the shoot, which is more than 1 year old, is bent to the ground and instilled, leaving only the upper part up to 20 cm on the ground. In the spring or in the autumn of next year, the rooted shoot is separated from the uterine bush and transplanted.

How to trim the hydrangea?

The formation of a hydrangea bush should begin at 2-3 years after planting, because without pruning the plant looks ugly. Pruning is recommended in the early fall or in the spring months before the start of sap flow. Each species of shrub has features pruning.

In tree hydrangea, weak and twisted twigs, as well as three-year-old shoots, are removed to the base. Young growths are shortened, only a few kidneys are needed.

Recommendation! The weaker the shoot, the shorter it should be cut.

In panicle hydrangea shoots growing inside the crown, as well as young growths are shortened by 1-3 buds. Some cottage owners and gardeners form a stab tree on the basis of the strongest shoot. To do this, it is expelled to 70-100 cm and cut off all the shoots located on the side, after which the formation of a spherical crown.

Have large-leaved hydrangea pruning of the shoots is required in early fall, as they prevent the plant from covering for the winter. In the spring months, frozen and broken shoots are removed for sanitary purposes.

Diseases and pests

The most common disease among all types of hydrangeas is chlorosis. The disease develops due to excess lime or humus in the soil. To eliminate chlorosis, it is necessary to water the bushes with a solution of potassium nitrate and copper sulfate; this procedure should be carried out in turn, observing the interval between watering in 3 days. For the treatment of hydrangeas used drug Brexil, Agricol.

Excessive humidity is the main cause of the plant powdery mildew. As a treatment, you can apply the treatment of leaves with a solution of copper sulfate with the addition of soap.

Aphids from the foliage of the shrub can be driven out with garlic tincture. For the preparation of garlic infusion used 200 g of minced garlic, added to 1 bucket of water. The solution should be infused for about 2 days, after which it is necessary to add 40 g of soap. The resulting mixture is recommended to spray the hydrangea once every 5-7 days up to complete destruction of aphids. You can also use drugs Fitoverm, Aktellik.

Hydrangea, in general, has a fairly stable immunity against viruses and diseases.

Landscape Design

Hydrangea bushes are suitable for growing separately and in a group. If the entrance to the front garden is located on the north side, you can safely plant the plants. It should also be remembered that over time, hydrangeas will need more space, about 1.5 m.

Pick up plants for mixborders should be with the same requirements in the care. The following varieties are suitable for combination:

Compositions from hydrangeas and giant hosts looks very expressive (Andorian, Candy Disch, Impress Wu).

For large areas, it is best to use mixborder compositions that include 3 or more hydrangea shrubs in the border. With their sprawling forms, hydrangeas allow you to create a unique wavy accent in the garden, perfectly emphasizing the scope of the garden. Hydrangeas can be used in a mixborder as a natural delineation of the garden zone from the rest zone. Bushes have a height that does not interfere with extending the visual projection deep into the garden, while leaving the effect of zoning.

Hortensia with its expressive appearance brings joy for many years. These plants are suitable for decorating gardens in various styles. Flowers unpretentious care, do not require constant watering and a special place for growing. By planting such a beautiful plant in your garden you can enjoy its beauty for many years.

Watch the video! Hydrangea: care, planting, trimming

Panicle hydrangea

Paniculised hydrangea are most suitable for central Russia and, in particular, for the Moscow region. Actually, it most often grows in old gardens. Its shrubs, reaching a height of 10 m, can also be found on the outskirts of forests covered with oak forests. An interesting feature of the variety is its unusual shape, fast recovery in an unfavorable climate, cold resistance. Shrub on wet fertile land can live up to 60 years.

It has lightly pubescent large ovate (elliptical) long leaves (about 12 cm), especially powerful in the lower part of the plant. This gives a special density to the crown.

It justifies its name by the presence of wide-pyramidal panicles of large colors. They grow up to 25 cm and are great honey plants. At the beginning of flowering (June), it has a white color of small petals, which gradually turn pink, sometimes turning purple, and at the end (October) acquire a greenish gamut. Such changes are characteristic of all its varieties. After flowering, fruit-boxes appear, in which a large number of small seeds ripen with 95% viability.

Her most popular varieties are:

  • Vanilla Fraze - tall bush (up to 2 m) with a large conical inflorescence of strawberry-pink color. Its reduced copy up to 1.2 m in height is a variety of Sunday Fraze (Sundae Fraise).
  • Pinky Winky has a conical openwork sterile inflorescence with red petals. Height - up to 2 m.
  • Limelight - It is the "discoverer" of dense sterile inflorescences. Initially, they are pale lemon with a transition to a greenish color, and by the end of the season they become pinkish. Its height reaches almost 2 m. It differs in late autumn flowering. It has a low (up to 1 m) copy - Little Light.
  • Phantom - tall bush of large size (more than 2 m) with a spreading crown. It looks harmoniously with large inflorescences, first in a creamy white palette, and "goodbye" - in pink. By the size of its inflorescences is considered the champion among similar.
  • Grandiflora with large late pyramidal buds that change colors from cream, white, pink to salad, red. Their length reaches up to 30 cm. Its crown can grow 3 meters wide.
  • Matilda has a rounded crown, dull green leaves. Flowers, like grandiflora, are subject to a metamorphosis of tones.

Other varieties of paniculate species, such as Brussels Lace, Kiushu, Pink Diamond, Presox, Floribunda, are also widespread.

Tree hydrangea

Tree hydrangea, a native of the north of the United States, is notable for its rapid growth, winter-hardiness and is better known as the white globose / bush. It survives well in the cold climate of the Urals and Siberia on moist soil saturated with lime. However, in very cold winters there is a threat of freezing.

This species appears to be a low shrub, growing to 2.5 m. Its large opposite leaves on several lowered shoots have an ovate / elliptical shape with serrated edges and a heart-shaped notch. They differ in juicy green color from above and bluish on the back side. Due to its size and original shape, the leaves create a rounded luxurious crown.

Spherical / hemispherical inflorescences are also quite large (up to 20 cm in diameter) and are located on the annual young shoots at the very end. Their flowers (large sterile, small fertile) grow in a chaotic manner. Before full blooming, the inflorescences have a pale green tint, and when opened, they turn into cream, milky, and then white.

These transformations begin 4 years after planting a bush in early July and before the onset of cold weather. Flowering ends with the formation of fruits with a miniature seed box about 3 mm in size.

The most famous varieties of this species are:

  • Anabel is a low (up to 1.5 m) spreading rounded shrub covered with a snow-white “cap” of large sterile flowers. О приспособленности к холодам свидетельствуют листья, сохраняющие яркую зелень до начала зимы.Variety does not require shelter from frost and snow.
  • Sterilis its inflorescences resembles Grandiflora, but differs in the oval shape of large leaves. Despite the ability to freeze, it can quickly recover from pruning under the root already at the beginning of spring.
  • Hayes Starberst - This is the first variety of undersized tree hydrangea with terry inflorescences. During flowering, these low bushes are painted first with delicate salad tones, and then with snow-white. From their abundance, thin shoots without supports can break without sustaining such gravity.
  • Radiant - This is a kind of transitional variety from tree to large-leaved species of hydrangeas. It is also called "garden". Possesses large decorative foliage with a green top, and a white felt edge at the bottom. In windy weather, it amazes with its fascinating modulations. In July, throws out flaky inflorescences with many white sterile flowers.

Other varieties

Other varieties are represented by plants such as:

  • Large leaf (garden) hydrangea came to Europe from Japan more than 200 years ago. Its difference from the rest is a variety of colors from monotonous to numerous mixes. If the homeland gave the large-leaved beauty of thermophilicity, the Europeans have created frost-resistant varieties and species. Now they can be grown in gardens and parks at any latitude. This hydrangea can be seen both in gardens, greenhouses, and along various roads. In the subtropics it can grow up to 4 m in height, and as it moves to cooler places it can not exceed 2 m. The ability to withstand winter low temperatures makes it most suitable for Siberia, the Urals, and the Moscow region.

It has upright shoots covered with bright green, ovoid leaves. Noteworthy are rather wide (up to 25 cm in diameter) spherical flowers at the tips of the shoots. They have a diverse palette (red, yellow, pink, purple, purple).

Unlike garden species, it, as one of the few, can be grown not only in open ground, but also in indoor conditions. The advantages can also include ease of care. The success of growing here can achieve not only flower growers, but also beginners.

Among large-leaved varieties, hydrangeas such as: Forever & Ever, Alpengluchen, Red Baron, Shimnebol, Endless Summer, Expression, Romance, Together are especially recognized.

  • Blue Hydrangeas are quite unusual representatives of large-leaved. This group got its name from the color of flowers. Its saturation and combination, largely depends on the properties of the soil. Blue is formed as a result of the accumulation of aluminum secreted by acidic soils. Therefore, growers experimenters can arbitrarily “repaint” them. As if the skies in the form of rounded inflorescences descended on their spreading crowns of low growth.

However, when choosing these hydrangeas, attention should be paid to the survival rate of such plants in our climate. Most of them do not always perceive severe frosts. Therefore, blue hydrangeas - this is the best option for growing in greenhouses for further planting in open ground.

Nevertheless, the breeders today bred more adapted to the harsh climate of blue hydrangeas Endless Samme, Foreve Eve with remontant blooms. Here you can name such varieties as: Kumiko, Niko Blyus, Mini Penny, Ramarz, Freedom, Komtento, Perfechies, Honkori Blue, Jommari.

  • Chereshkovaya (curly, lianovidnaya), having the closest relation to the plants of the genus schizophragm. In the wild (Primorye, China, Korea, Japan), it can reach a height of up to 25 m. Therefore, when it is grown vertically, it needs support in areas, and without it it can be used for decorative soil cover.

These features are due to the presence of a mass of air roots with suction cups, which help it to fix on the surface of a support or the ground. On the long petioles of this vine there are wide dark green leaves with multicolored fragrant corymbose inflorescences up to 25 cm in diameter. So they make it a magnificent "green veil". And she is a wonderful honey plant.

When to transplant?

If you want to transplant hydrangea, follow the same rules and recommendations as when you first plant the plant. It is best to do this in early spring or autumn after the end of the flowering period.

If your goal is not just a change of place for a beautiful bush, but a reproduction of hydrangea, then the best technology will be the following:

  1. Liberally water the plant and let the moisture soak.
  2. Dig in a circle at a distance of 15 cm from the bush. It is more efficient to use forks.
  3. Tilt the bush and use a sharp knife or shovel to separate part of it.
  4. Disinfect the incision site with ash.
  5. Replant part of the bush in a prepared pit in a new place.

Take care of Princess Hortensia during planting, and this magnificent plant will thank you for taking care of its spectacular appearance, becoming the real pearl of your beautiful garden.

Useful information

You can get acquainted with other materials about hydrangea garden:

I have been reading for a long time in some book, but I didn’t bring it into the experience of everyday life, that if you water a pink hydrangea with aluminum sulphate, it can turn blue, and if it is white with potassium permanganate, or with a weak solution, it will turn pink. I wonder if water blue or brilliant green, it will acquire color?

Hello Anna! At the expense of pouring aluminum, here, not everything is accurate, but the essence is true. If you water manganese, or brilliant green, then you are unlikely to achieve the desired color. But the main thing, in changing the color of hydrangea, is the desired pH of the earth. For a pink color, the ground should have a slightly alkaline, or neutral pH ..

Anna ... The color of the hydrangea depends on the soil ph on which it feeds. And the little green is the chemical composition. Eliminate margantsy from this list — even a weak solution will burn the roots. It is the acidity of the soil that gives color. If the ph is above 6.5, it is pink ... If less than 5.5, then it will be blue, blue, purple.
I have not tried it, but I think it is better to try to water the flowers with the merged broths of the juice of vegetables ... Now, if we pour the juice of beets, then I would also be interested to know what the color will be.

Features of hydrangea

In the wild, hydrangea is represented by three-meter shrubs, not very large trees, and lianas, which can climb tree trunks to a thirty-meter height. Also, such hydrangeas can be deciduous or evergreen (depending on the species). In middle latitudes, deciduous species are most preferred to be grown. Most often, such a plant has opposite-sized leaves of a large size; they have an oval shape with a sharp point at the top. The edge of the leaf plates are often dentate, and the venation is clearly visible on their surface. Hortensia begins to bloom in spring, and ends only after frost in the fall. The flowers are collected in large inflorescences, which may have a corymbose, spherical or paniculate form. The composition of the inflorescence includes 2 types of flowers. Some of them are small fertile (fertile), located, as a rule, in the middle part of the inflorescence, and the other - large infertile (sterile), which are located on the edge of the inflorescences. There are species with only fertile flowers. Most hydrangeas flowers are painted white. However, there are species, for example, large-leaved hydrangea, or large-leaved, which may have flowers of different colors: cream, white, blue, pink, red and lilac. It is interesting that the exact color of the soil affects the color of the flower. So, for example, if the substrate is neutral, then the flowers will be cream or beige, if alkaline - then pink or lilac, and on the acidic - blue, because aluminum is easily absorbed by hydrangea in the soil. The fruit of this flower is a box with 2–5 chambers, in which there are small seeds. It happens that the hydrangea mistakenly refers to a flower belonging to a close genus of the schizophragmatic, but one should be aware that the pedal hydrangea is nothing more than a schizophragm.

Growing Hydrangea

How to grow the hydrangea in the garden? Here are the basic rules:

  1. Large-leaved hydrangea may have a different color of flowers. However, their color does not depend on the variety, but on the pH of the soil. So, in acidic soil the flowers are blue and blue, in neutral - white and beige, and in alkaline - lilac or pink. In order to bush was spectacular and colorful, experienced gardeners advise to change the acidity separately for each flower.
  2. This flower is very fond of moisture, in connection with this it is necessary to water it not only plentifully, but also on time.
  3. Requires direct rays of the sun. But it is worth considering that the flowers are able to fade under the influence of the scorching rays of the midday sun. In this regard, you need to choose a place for landing, where at noon there was a slight shading.
  4. Also, the plant must be timely cut.
  5. You can not make a lot of organic fertilizers, because on the overgrown bushes may not appear flowers.
  6. Hortensia must be well covered for wintering, even those species that are considered to be frost-resistant. If one of the bushes freezes, then in most cases it will be able to fully recover during the period of intensive growth.
  7. Very resistant to diseases and pests.

Growing from seed

Seeds, as a rule, it is very easy to propagate species of hydrangea. Also, this method of reproduction is often used by breeders in their work. It is quite easy to grow such a flower from a seed, but it is a time-consuming method. Sow seeds need in the autumn. To do this, you need to fill the container with loose nutrient rich nutrients, which can be prepared by combining peat and leaf earth with river sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1. Sown on the surface of the substrate seeds, it is necessary to sprinkle a thin layer of soil, and then sprinkle with a spray. Then the container must be covered on top with a transparent film or glass, and the shelter must be cleaned several times in a knock so that the soil is ventilated. It should also be noted that the soil should always be a little wet. The optimum temperature is from 14 to 20 degrees. After the first seedlings appear, the shelter must be removed for good. Picks need to be done 2 times. The first time in the development stage of cotyledon shares, and the second - in the first month of spring. At the same time, when picking a seed for the second time, you need to take small pots for each of them (7 cm in diameter). After the second time you transplant the young seedlings, they need to begin to harden. To do this, the flowers in the summer time are taken outside and choose a place for them that is protected from the direct rays of the sun, gusts of wind, drafts and precipitation. In the evening, hydrangeas return to the room. For 2 years, hydrangea must be grown in indoor conditions, and in winter it is kept in a fairly cool and lighted room, and in the summer it is taken outside. In this case, it is necessary to break off all the buds, since they will take a lot of strength from a still young plant.

Hydrangea seedlings

After 2 years at the very beginning of the spring period (in areas with a cold climate - in the autumn), the grown flowers are transplanted into open soil, immediately to a permanent place. Choosing the right place, do not forget that all species are light-requiring and need direct rays of the sun. However, there are several species (ground cover, Sargent, rough and arboreal), which feel great in the penumbra. The soil should be loose, enriched with organic matter, neutral or slightly acidic. Alkaline soil can be acidified by taking high-moor peat or Acid plus acidifier. Next to these flowers, it is not recommended to plant trees or shrubs that have a superficial system of roots, because after some time these plants will fight with each other for water and useful substances.

The first thing you need to dig a hole, while its value should be 2 times the volume of the root system of the seedling together with the pulled out lump of earth. Then in the hole you need to make organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as peat, which should be mixed with the ground. Then, the seedling, taken out together with the lump of earth, must be properly shaken off the ground and leveled the roots. Then it is lowered into the hole, which is filled with a mixture of compost and soil. In this case, it is necessary that the root system rose quite a bit above the ground surface. Then the soil should be compacted, watering the bush and cover the area with mulch (bark or needles).

Basic rules of care

It is not difficult to care for such a plant grown in the open field, but it must be done correctly. Great importance for the normal development of hydrangea is the correct watering. So, in the hot time it needs to be watered 2 times in 7 days, while at the same time for 1 adult bush it is necessary to pour out 3–5 ten-liter buckets of tepid and always defended water. In the case when the site has a mulch in the form of peat, watering can be reduced.

In order to get more oxygen to the roots, it is necessary to loosen the surface of the soil around the plant to a depth of about 5 centimeters several times per season. You also need to timely pick off those stems that have faded.

Hydrangea fertilizer

In order to achieve the most abundant flowering, you need to feed such a flower no less than 2 times a year. This must be done before the plant begins to bloom and after it has flowered. At the very beginning of the spring period, hydrangea is used to feed urea (2 g per 1 l of water). In this case, 1 bush will need 30 liters of this solution. When the plant fades away, it is necessary to use complex mineral fertilizer to feed it. During the summer period, experts advise to use slurry as a top dressing. However, do not overdo it, because overfed hydrangea has very large inflorescences that can break quite fragile branches. To avoid this, you can tie a bush.

Pruning hydrangea

It should be cut those bushes that are older than 3-4 years. Species that bloom on the stems of the current year should be cut at the very beginning of the spring period, before buds begin to open, and also before the sap flow begins, otherwise the plant may expire with juice, which will lead to its death. However, after cutting done very early, cuttings cannot be rooted. In this regard, pruning should be carried out at a time when the kidneys will look alive and swell a little. The first thing awakens the hydrangea tree, so it should be cut first. She pruned very long stems at a height of 3-4 buds. After that, the resulting twig can be divided into cuttings. Panicle hydrangea requires more careful trimming. So, last year's stems must be shortened by 1/3, but from such segments viable cuttings are obtained. Large-leaved hydrangea is not necessary to subject to heavy pruning. So, in springtime, only every 4th stem is pruned, especially if it grows inside a bush. And also need to remove dried and damaged branches.

Hydrangea after flowering

Faded plants need to prepare for wintering. Seedlings that are grown in containers, you need to move to the room. For flowers growing in open ground, you need to cut off the withered flowers, because wetted from rain and snow, they will become very heavy and can break branches. And it will also be necessary to sufficiently high up the base of the bushes, cover the soil surface around them with a layer of mulch, which will help protect the root system from freezing. The most frost-resistant species are ground cover and paniculate. The stems of such plants are completely woody until the autumn period, which helps them to more easily endure frosts, even if they are not covered (when grown in areas with mild winters). Also, do not cover for the winter you can tree hydrangea.

Preparing hydrangeas for winter

A rather warm and snowy winter period allows even species that are very lovingly warm (serrate and large-leaved hydrangea) to winter without shelter. However, it should be borne in mind that it will be a frosty or warm winter, no one knows for sure how and then how much snow will fall. Better to be safe and, despite the fact that weather forecasters promise a warm winter, prepare the plants for the winter, as it should. Because, if the weather forecast is incorrect, then the plants unprepared for wintering may die.

What time is better to cover this flower and how to do it? As a rule, this procedure is carried out in October, after the first frosts have passed. If the bushes are young, then they should be filled to the top with dry ground. Grown bushes must be pressed to the soil surface and covered with roofing paper or lutrasil. They need to be fixed with bricks, since such a shelter can be carried away by the wind. For more mature bushes need to spend more power. Bush should be carefully tied up and then covered with a spanbond or lutrasil. After that, around the bush should create a metal frame of the grid, which should have a cylindrical shape. При этом стенки конструкции должны быть удалены от кустика на 20–25 сантиметров, также они должны возвышаться над ним на 10 сантиметров. Пустое место в конструкции следует наполнить сухими листочками. В весеннее время (в апреле) сетку с листочками можно убрать, но спанбонд снимают лишь после того, как минует угроза заморозков.

Гортензия зимой

Вы сами можете принять решение, укрыть вам данные цветы либо нет. The above options are ideal for frosty winters with poor snow cover. In that case, in the place where you live a very mild winter, then you can cover the hydrangea quite easily. And if you have winter-hardy growing species, then you can not cover them at all. However, if winters where you live are often frosty, it is better to take care of shelter for hydrangea in the autumn and then you will be sure that it will survive even severe frosts.

Types of hydrangea photos and names

If you are thinking about decorating your garden with hydrangea, then first of all you should pay attention to the peculiarities of various types of this plant. Then you can choose exactly the types that will best suit your garden. It is also important to know how to look after each species. For example, a hydrangea or a large-leaved hydrangea must be prepared for wintering and trimmed slightly differently than a paniculate hydrangea. If you know a lot about the rules of caring for such plants, then caring for them will not be difficult.

Hydrangea tree (Hydrangea arborescens)

This variety is very popular among gardeners living in middle latitudes. This plant is presented in the form of shrubs. Its height can vary from 100 to 300 centimeters. Inflorescences grow on vershinka annual stems. When the flowers are just beginning to open, they have a light green color, after their full disclosure, they change their color to cream or white. The most popular varieties such as: "Invisible Spirit" - flowers have a pink color, "Sterilis" - inflorescences are painted white, while this plant is very rich in blooms, "Annabel" and "Grandiflora" - have very large inflorescences, painted in pure white color (note that the hydrangea paniculata has varieties with exactly the same names).

Hydrangea paniculata (Hydrangea paniculata)

Under natural conditions, such a plant has the shape of a tree or shrub, whose height can vary from 2 to 5 m. This species is considered one of the most popular among gardeners. Without transplantation at the same place, this type of hydrangea is able to grow and develop normally for more than 40 years. The stems of this plant lignify in a relatively short time, because of what it is considered winter-hardy. Inflorescences grow in the upper parts of the stems of this year, while flowering is characterized by its abundance. However, the buds formed in the last days of June are revealed only in August or September. The inflorescences of this type of flowers have a pyramidal shape. When only the flowers begin to open, they have a pale green color, and after full disclosure, they become white. At the end of the summer period, they become light pink, and then brick. When the flowering period begins to end, the flowers again become light green. The most popular varieties are Grandiflora, Quishu, Vanilla Freise and Tardiva.

Large Leaf Hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla)

Or garden - often it is cultivated in the garden. However, individual varieties can be grown in containers indoors or on the terrace. Dense leaves have a rich green color. The stems of this year are grassy, ​​which is why the bush does not have a very high cold resistance. It is believed that the inflorescences appear on the stems of last year, as the buds for their growth are laid in the autumn, and they begin to grow in the spring. As a rule, the inflorescences have a kaliopinous, umbrella-shaped form, it is also called hemispherical or Japanese. From the pH of the soil depends on the color of flowers. More recently, interesting varieties have appeared: “Endless Summer” - in sour soil - blue color, in neutral - lilac, “Renata Steinger” - blue, “Expression” and “Romance” - have terry flowers.

Hydrangea Oakolistnaya (Hydrangea quercifolia)

It has a low frost resistance and needs good insulation for the winter. It blooms very lushly and has extremely attractive leaves. It has a height of about 2 m. The length of inflorescences paniculate form from 10 to 30 centimeters. Flowering begins in June – July, while at the beginning the flowers are white, and then turn purple.

Hydrangea groundcover (Hydrangea heteromalla)

Or hydrangea raznoupushennaya - winter-hardy look. Under natural conditions, it can reach a height of 200–300 centimeters. Often used for the formation of the stem form. The length of the dark green leaves about 20 centimeters. The front side of them is smooth, and the purl - has pubescence. Loose inflorescences of corymbiform form are initially white, and then at the end of flowering they turn pink. Flowering begins in the last days of June or the first of July. The most popular is the Bretschneider groundcover variety, which is abundant in bloom with fairly large inflorescences of a milky white color.

Also gardeners grow hydrangea: ashen, serrate, radiant, rough, Sargent. And also a climbing species is growing, and as mentioned above, this is not hydrangea.

Hydrangea garden - species and varieties

Species and varieties of this ornamental shrub set. Most of them prefer to grow in the penumbra, but there are those who feel pretty well in sunny areas. The height of the bushes and the flowering period are very different and depend on the variety.

The most common types are:

  • Large leaf It blooms in the second half of summer with lush inflorescences in the form of balls. Flowers may have a different shade. Height - 2 m. Requires shelter in the winter, maximum tolerates temperatures of up to - 10 ° C
  • Chereshkovaya. Variety of creepers. Blooms white-pink buds. Requires support, otherwise it will travel along the ground. A good option for gazebos and arches.
  • Tree Flowers are snow white. Height - up to 3 m. It looks very impressive, but freezes in the winter. Plus the fact that the plant is quickly restored. Requires a strong spring pruning.
  • Paniculata. It blooms from July to late autumn with dense panicles 30 cm long. The hue of the inflorescences varies from white to greenish. The height of the bush - 3-4 m. Unpretentious and frost-resistant variety.

Based on these species, many different varieties have been created, each of which is beautiful in its own way. Depending on the type of hydrangea may be deciduous or evergreen, but in our area they are most often grown in the first embodiment.

Features of growing

Interestingly, the shade of inflorescences can be adjusted independently by adding to the soil certain fertilizers. On neutral soil, the flowers will have a beige or cream color. Soil with a high content of alkali gives the flowers a pink or lilac color, acids - blue.

Bright light is very important for the shrub, but the scorching sun rays are detrimental to it, as well as a deep shadow. Therefore, it is best to plant a flower where there is a shadow at lunch, and the rest of the time - the sun.

It is important not to overfeed saplings with organic matter. They will increase the green mass, but are unlikely to bloom.

Site preparation and soil

Place for landing must be prepared in advance - in about 2 weeks. The soil should be acidic and well hydrated. Acidity can be adjusted independently with the help of special preparations. Depending on the variety, flowers can grow in partial shade or in the sun. The best place for planting is light partial shade, in a strong shadow the plants will not bloom.

The hole should be small: 40 cm deep and 40 cm wide. If a group planting is planned, the distance between the bushes should be at least 90-100 cm. Add sand and fertilizer to the pit, mixing it well with the ground. The next layer is poured a little peat.

How and when to plant?

Landing is made in early spring or autumn. It depends on the climate of each region. In cold areas, it is better to plant the bushes in the spring, so that they can give new roots, get stronger and survive the harsh winter. In warmer regions, planting can be done in the fall. If planting is done in spring, then annual shoots should be shortened by at least 3 buds.

It is desirable to shorten the roots of the seedlings. When planting you need to ensure that the root neck is not covered with earth. A planted bush is abundantly watered and mulched with peat. When watering, you need to make sure that a strong stream of water does not erode the soil near the roots.

As soon as new leaves appear on the plant, this suggests that the process of the formation of new roots is in full swing.

Hydrangea Phantom Care

Hortensia Phantom is one of the most beautiful of the panicled family. It blooms magnificently throughout the season with long panicles and exudes a pleasant scent. The variety is resistant to root diseases and frost, and is quickly restored after freezing. The bush can grow in one place for many years without requiring a transplant.

Watering and feeding

"Hortensia" in Latin means "watering." The flower is very moisture-loving, therefore in no case should the soil be allowed to dry out. Watering should be regular and abundant. As soon as the topsoil dries out a bit, the plant needs to be watered again. If the ground around the bush is peated, you can water less often, because the soil does not dry so quickly. In the first years, 7-8 liters of water are poured under each seedling, in the following - at least 18 liters.

Watering - the best time for feeding. In early spring, the plant needs nitrogen fertilizer, in the period of budding - in potassium and phosphorus.

It is useful to water the bushes with acidified water 1 time in 2 weeks. At 10 liters of water you need to take 1 tbsp. l citric acid. The solution is poured directly under the roots. In addition, in the spring and summer, once every 3-4 weeks you need to loosen the ground in order to improve aeration.

How to replant and trim?

The plant tolerates pruning. If it is not cut, the bush will lose its decorativeness, and flowering will be weak. It is best to do this procedure in the spring when the buds swell. If the bushes are too old, they can be easily updated by cutting them almost to the root.

All types of hydrangeas can be divided into two groups:

  • In the first category includes those species and varieties, the flowers of which are formed on the shoots of last year (petiolate, prickly, large-leaved, sawed). They do not need special pruning, it is enough to remove the old, dried and improperly growing branches.
  • In the second category includes species that form flowers on the shoots of the current year (paniculate and tree). These bushes require strong pruning, all shoots need to be shortened in early spring to 2-3 pairs of buds.

When the hydrangea is going to bloom for the first time, you need to immediately cut off all the buds so that the plant gains strength and is able to bloom abundantly next year. Forming pruning bush for 5 years will help to get a beautiful little tree.

Transplanting hydrangea Phantom is necessary only in extreme cases. It grows well in the same place over the years. Therefore, transplantation is justified in the event that an adult bush should be divided into parts and transplanted in other places.

Flower care in the fall

Caring for the hydrangea garden in the fall is pruning the inflorescences, while you need to remove at least 3 buds from the top of the shoot. This should be done so that suddenly sleet does not freeze on them and does not break fragile branches. The base of the bushes must be high upright, and the ground around them should be well mulled. This will protect the surface root system from frost.

How does hydrangea overwinter?

In the middle runway, the shrub tolerates the winter well. But for safety net it is better to cover it with spruce branches. In the northern regions of the flower for the winter clean in a room with a temperature above zero, as severe frosts can destroy it.

Sometimes the bushes are neatly tied, wrapped with spunbond and constructed near them a frame of a grid. The space between the covering material and the net is filled with dry foliage. With the first trend of heat, the leaves are removed, but the spunbond is removed only after a constant positive temperature is established.

How does garden hydrangea reproduce?

The easiest way to propagate hydrangea cuttings. They are cut in spring from annual green shoots. It is necessary to cut at a right angle. The length of the cuttings is no more than 12 cm. Leaves are removed from the bottom, treated with preparations to stimulate growth, and planted in a greenhouse or boxes.

A good option is to propagate the flower by dividing. This can be done in spring and autumn. Shrub gently dug and divided into 3-4 parts, so that each had several kidney renewal. Blanks are planted in pre-marked places.

Also, without much effort, you can propagate the hydrangea layers. Young shoots gently bend down to the ground, fix and drop the ground, leaving the top (about 20 cm). Already next spring or autumn, branching with roots can be separated from the mother plant and transplanted.

Sometimes a shrub is propagated by seed or grafting, but these are too time-consuming methods. Knowing how the garden hydrangea reproduces, you can choose the appropriate method in advance and do it in a timely manner.

Protection against diseases and pests

Hydrangeas rarely get sick, and the lion’s share of the disease is transported with seedlings. For this reason, you need to buy new plants only in proven nurseries. Other causes of disease are thickening of plantings, lack of nutrients and high humidity.

Many fungal diseases can be controlled with copper oxychloride.

One of the most common diseases is chlorosis. Due to a lack of iron, the leaves turn yellow, while the veins remain green. For the treatment used drugs Agricol, Brexil. As a preventive measure, plants should be timely fed with iron-containing fertilizers.

Use in landscape design

Hortensia looks great both in single plantings and in group. Just need to pre-design its location at a decent distance from other plants. Over time, the bushes grow strongly, and they need a lot of space.

The flower can be planted as a soloist in the front garden if it is located on the north side of the house. Selecting hydrangea companions in mixborder, you need to take into account their features. Similar requirements for moisture, lighting and soil acidity in astilba, hosts, cuffs. If the plot is large, you can land a composition of several bushes. Their spreading form will create a distinct accent in the garden. Often these shrubs are used to limit garden areas.

Hydrangeas are well suited to different styles of garden design, so they can be grown for everyone.

Site selection and soil preparation

When to plant a hydrangea? The best time for planting is spring, the moment when the earth thaws, the buds are not yet dissolved, and autumn is in the month of September. When choosing a place for an ornamental deciduous plant, consider that it is better to plant the hydrangea in the shade or partial shade, as the bright sun causes slow growth, as a result of which the inflorescences shrink.

Some types of hydrangea can be grown in open solar spaces, but this requires abundant watering. Young shrubs should preferably be protected from the bright sun and high winds. It is not recommended to place under trees that strongly absorb water.

The soil for hydrangea should be well drained and hydrated, consist of a balanced mixture of humus, leaf soil, peat chips, river sand (2: 2: 1: 1). Regardless of the type and variety of hydrangea, remember, lime in the soil adversely affects development. Soil should be with a Ph level of about 5.0.

Planting hydrangeas in open ground

In the northern regions of the country, planting hydrangea in open ground is preferable in spring, in southern regions, including in the Kuban, the procedure is carried out in the fall. It is recommended to equip a landing hole for a beautiful shrub, the dimensions of which are 0.4 m in diameter and 0.4-0.5 m deep. When planting, be guided by the dimensions of the root system, if too large, increase the volume of the fossa. It is worth noting that the roots of hydrangeas are quite branched.

the choice of location and planting hydrangeas with a closed root system - in the photo

It is necessary to add prepared soil mixture into the pit and make a small mound, on which the seedling is then carefully placed and straightened the roots, fall asleep without deepening the root collar, which should be flush with the soil. A slight penetration is possible, but not more than 20-30 mm, too deep a landing later may lead to neck decay.

The soil in the stalk zone should be well tamped. Watering hydrangeas after planting is mandatory, it is necessary that the water is well leaked to the depth of the roots 30-40 cm. Watering is best done in the hole next to the plant.

Top dressing and mulching as basis of leaving

To preserve moisture after planting in a permanent place, mulch hydrangea is made in the near-stem circle. Mulch also inhibits the growth of weeds, and protects the roots from overheating. As a mulching material used peat chips, wood chips or bark, having a uniform layer of 8-10 cm.

Over time, mulch will decompose and become part of the soil, slightly acidifying it. Mulch is best laid in late spring, at a time when the earth is already well warmed, but still wet.

watering hydrangeas - pictured

So that the shrub grows well and pleases with abundant flowering, hydrangea garden is fed during planting, then in spring in the third decade of May or in early summer - early June. Используйте раствор коровяка или куриного помета, разведенного с водой в пропорции 1:10. Не забудьте удобрить комплексом минеральных удобрений или внесите хотя бы самые основные компоненты – 20 гр суперфосфата, по 10 гр калийной селитры и мочевины.Subsequent feeding hydrangea carried out with an interval of 17-20 days and end in late July, so that young shoots have time to woody by the winter period.

For strong and flexible shoots the ornamental shrub is poured over with a solution of potassium permanganate of a weak pink color. In addition, in garden stores special fertilizers are sold for hydrangeas, which include magnesium and iron, which are necessary for the plant.

mulching of hydrangea wood chips - in the photo

Banded hydrangea, large-leaved and groundcover mainly have a pinkish, cream color, which can be changed if desired. The color of the hydrangea is directly determined by the acidity of the soil. If the soil is weakly alkaline, the flowering will be pink and crimson color, on acidic soils, the hydrangea blooms with blue flowers.

To obtain blue flowers in alkaline soil, the shrub is watered with solutions of iron salts. To get a more intense blue color under the hydrangea should bury rusty metal cans.

Gotension: related photos

Want to decorate your garden with unusual shrubs? Try to plant a hydrangea flower, planting and caring for which in the open field is simple, reproduction and cultivation of hydrangea can be done even by novice gardeners. You can pick up a fantastically beautiful flower by reading the description of the variety and considering its combination with other plants in landscape design. In the photo, the hydrangea looks like the queen of the garden.

Varieties and varieties of hydrangea

Hortensia - undoubtedly a favorite among the flowers in the suburban areas. The long flowering period, a variety of shapes and colors attract special attention to it from gardeners and designers, and more and more often various varieties of this perennial are used in landscape design.

Hydrangeas can be spherical, racemic, and in color white, magenta, red, two-tone. The most common in our latitudes is tree hydrangea. Unpretentious, fairly easy to maintain and grow the plant is recommended for novice gardeners. Breeders bred several varieties of shrubs:

  • "Bella Anna" - a new variety of tree hydrangea, has rather large spherical inflorescences, the crown grows in diameter up to three meters, the color of petals from pale pink to purple-pink, blooms throughout the summer season and September,

Variety "Bella Anna"

  • Anabel - lush blooming sprawling shrub about 1.5 m high, inflorescences in the form of a snow-white ball, blooms in early July and retains its color throughout the summer season until September. After the end of flowering, the leaves of the plant remain bright green all autumn. The variety "Anabel" is adapted for wintering, does not require special shelter for the winter, it is frost-resistant,

  • Grandiflora - distinguished by large crystal-white inflorescences, blooms for 4 months,

  • Invincibel Spirit - A new variety of hydrangea with pink petals,

  • Sterilis - a variety with hemispherical, dense, heavy inflorescences; during the period of flowering - from July to October - the petals radically change color: from pale green to crystal white.

Also quite a common variety of perennial - Paniculously hydrangea, planting and caring for which are quite simple. This flower is attractive inflorescences unusual - paniculata - form, frost-resistant, different fast recovery, even in adverse climatic conditions. An interesting feature of this variety of hydrangea is a particularly long flowering period, during which the inflorescence changes its color. Does not need mulching for the winter. The most common varieties of panicle hydrangea:

  • "Vanilla Fraze" - variety with pale white-pink petals,

  • Limelight - the plant blooms in the fall, is distinguished by large inflorescences of pale lemon hue,

  • Pinky Winky - hydrangea with pale red petals.

How to plant

Growing hydrangeas in the open field under the force of even novice gardeners. If a hydrangea is chosen for a flower bed, planting and caring for it will never be a burden, they will become favorite activities. For planting shrubs should choose the correct location. Hydrangea does not tolerate long shading, the sunny side is the best place to plant it. Propagation of hydrangea produced by individual bushes or cuttings. It is recommended to plant a flower in spring (in May) or in autumn (in warm September).

Even a beginner gardener will be able to plant a hydrangea.

For planting a hydrangea bush in open ground, it is necessary to dig a planting hole about 60 cm deep, about half a meter wide and long. The distance between the bushes - at least 1.5 meters. The flower, growing with proper care, will occupy a much larger area than during planting. The pits should be filled with a special mixture, including peat, sand, soil, humus (1: 1: 2: 2) and fertilizers (landscape design experts recommend combining 20 g of urea, potassium sulphide, add about 60 g of superphosphate in granules and 10 kg of humus ).

Attention: do not add lime to the soil mixture for hydrangea - it is destructive for this plant.

When planting, it should be borne in mind that the root neck of the plant should be at ground level. After planting hydrangea in open ground, it should be poured abundantly.

Tip: The first two seasons of flowering is recommended to cut off the inflorescences. The root system of the plant will get stronger and grow, which will later give the bush strength and pomp.

Caring for hydrangea is weeding and loosening the soil around it, organizing a timely and proper irrigation regime. In addition, to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture is recommended to mulch the bush in early summer, peat or sawdust.

Fading flowers must be cut off so that they do not pull forces from the plant

Perennial needs proper pruning. Pruning the plant should be in the spring before the growing season, removing old shoots and leaving young and strong, shortening them by 3-5 buds. Faded and dried inflorescences of the shrub need to be removed. Old perennial shrubs must be cut almost to the root, leaving only low peneches from which young shoots will develop.

Top dressing and fertilizer of hydrangea

The hydrangea planted in the prepared and fertilized soil for the first two years can be neither fertilized nor fed.
Then the order of hydrangea feeding is:

  • in the spring it is necessary to add complex fertilizer containing micro- and macroelements (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen) under each bush,
  • For the second time in a season, top dressing (potassium sulphate together with superphosphate) is introduced in the period when buds appear on the bush,
  • a couple of times it is advisable to feed the perennial with diluted chicken manure or cow manure.

Hydrangea responds very well to top dressing

Attention: an excessive amount of nitrogen applied as a fertilizer can lead to a greening of hydrangea petals and problems with wintering the plant.

It should also be borne in mind that hydrangea responds well to lactic acid, therefore it is important when it is grown to periodically water the bush soaked with soured bread, milk whey, sour milk, kefir.

Like other perennial shrubs, hydrangea can be propagated vegetatively (cuttings, dividing the bush, layering) and seeds.

For the cultivation of shrubs from cuttings, in the middle of July, it is necessary to cut the tops of young, umilwood shoots and root them in specially prepared soil consisting of coarse-grained sand and peat. Experts recommend taking measures to increase the soil moisture under cuttings. To do this, add the moss-sphagnum. Cuttings in such soil are planted slightly at an angle, at a short distance (up to 5 cm) and provide them with a temperature regime in the range of 16-20 ° C. For rooting, 4-5 weeks is enough. After that, hydrangea is planted at a permanent place of cultivation and provide the right care.

Reproduction of hydrangea cuttings

During the reproduction of hydrangea by dividing a bush, a part of it is separated, while it is important that the young shoots have 2-3 buds, dug and transplanted to a new place.

To reproduce hydrangea with layers, it is necessary to bend one of the young shoots of a growing bush to the ground and prikopat it in a previously dug hole (up to a depth of 15-20 cm). In order not to straighten the escape, it can be fixed with staples. Experienced gardeners are advised to make an incision on the part of the shoot that will be in the ground to speed up the process of rooting. It is necessary to water the tap regularly, and it can also be mulched. After the formation of its own root system, it is separated from the parent bush and planted in a new place.

Reproduction hydrangea layering

Diseases and pests

As a rule, hydrangea is quite resistant to all sorts of pests and diseases. However, it can also become infected with chlorosis, powdery mildew, a false, spider mite, and green leaf aphid can appear on it.

Chlorosis is expressed in a sharp clarification of the leaves of the plant, the loss of their natural color. The reason for its development is the excessive content of lime or humus in the soil. To eliminate chlorosis, it is enough to ensure that the plant is watered with solutions of potassium nitrate and copper sulfate in turn at intervals of three days.

Hydrangea Disease - Chlorosis

The cause of hydrangea disease powdery mildew is excessive air humidity. For treatment it is recommended to treat the leafy surface with a solution of copper sulfate with the addition of soap.

An infusion of garlic will help get rid of aphids from the plant. It is necessary to prepare garlic infusion (200 g of minced garlic in a bucket of water, let it brew for 2 days), add household soap (40 g) and irrigate the perennial with this infusion every 5-7 days before destroying the aphids.

Hydrangea: combination with other plants

In a flower garden or garden, hydrangea is quite effective both by itself and in combination with other flowers. For example, paniculate hydrangea looks great next to the curtains of barberry purple-leaved, caliniformes. The beauty of tree hydrangea is emphasized by daylilies, short-cut barberry, low-growing juniper.

Hydrangea in the design of flower beds

Hortensia in landscape design

Hortensia is a fantastically beautiful flower, inspiring to create beautiful compositions in landscape design. Taking into account the climatic conditions, in our latitudes, it is recommended to plant a hydrangea tree, paniculate and petiolate. Hortensia magically looks at the photo in large compositions when it grows in the squares, surprising everyone with the size and beauty of its inflorescences. To emphasize the beauty of hydrangea, it is possible to surround it with borders from helix, cotoneaster, and other shrubs. Hortensia should be planted in the flower garden in the background so that it does not curtain other plants.

Hortensia in landscape design

It is not recommended to combine hydrangea with yellow, red, orange flowers. Successfully shrubs can shade plants with bluish flowers, needles or leaves - for example, clematis, cereals, hosts, low-growing junipers.
Classic landscape design is considered to be a combination of hydrangea with pink phloxes with a round shape of inflorescences, thujas, microbiota. Hydrangea is also used in mixborders to create compositions along garden paths, it can be grown as a hedge.

Hortensia - the basis of a beautiful garden. With proper care, it will delight you for many years. Experiment with different varieties of this shrub, try to decorate your arbor with curly hydrangea, plant a tree along the paths, create a living fence using paniculata.

Care for garden hydrangea: video

Garden hydrangea: photo

Even on a very large garden area it is impossible not to notice a flowerbed decorated with large and multi-colored hats of hydrangea. This wonderful beautiful plant is so mesmerizing that you simply cannot pass by it. Hortensia has more than 35 species, among which there are varieties that grow well and wintering in the Urals and in Siberia. But in whatever latitude of our country your garden is located, before buying a beautiful woman, it is necessary to study all the features of its planting, care and cultivation.

Hydrangea garden: photos, types, varieties

Most species of hydrangea are shrubs, but there are lianas and small trees. All of them have beautiful large or small leaves, and flowers collected in paniculate or shield inflorescences. All inflorescences are located on the tops of the shoots and have fruitless or fertile flowers. Most often their color can be white, pink or blue.

Among them are grown as perennials in the gardens of central Russia only hydrangea tree and paniculate.

Hydrangea Treelike - photo

The shrub, which grows up to one and a half meters in height, has large oval leaves, the length of which reaches 20 cm. The slightly pubescent leaf plates are distinguished by a heart-shaped notch at the base and notches at the edges. From above they are green, and from below have a gray shade. Large infertile and small fertile flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences that bloom in the first half of July.

Most suitable for planting in the garden The following varieties of hydrangea tree:

  1. Variety "White House" is a bush in height from one to one and a half meters. At the ends of its shoots, large thyroid inflorescences are formed, consisting of white sterile and creamy-white fertile flowers.
  2. The variety "InvincibelSpirit" grows to 0.9-1.2 m. Its large inflorescences consist of sterile flowers. At first they have a bright pink color, and eventually fade to light pink.
  3. The Inkrediboll variety is a shrub reaching a height of 1.2-1.5 m and having large spherical white inflorescences.
  4. Grade "Hays Starberst" is a low shrub with thin shoots that can break under the weight of large inflorescences. Consisting of double flowers inflorescences in diameter reach 25 cm.
  5. The variety "Annabelle" blooms with white sterile flowers that form large inflorescences with a diameter of up to 25 cm.

Hydrangea paniculata - varieties, photo

Paniculate hydrangea differs from tree in inflorescences, which consist of large sterile and small fertile flowers, and grow to 20-25 cm in length. During flowering, they can change color. For the first time days, the petals of flowers are white, after a while they turn pink, and by the end of flowering they turn green. The large leaves of paniculate species are ovate or elliptical in shape. Below they are strongly pubescent, and a little above.

Garden varieties bloom from June to July, and long bloom. Among them are:

  1. Variety "Vanilla Fraze" grows up to two meters and is distinguished by a conical inflorescence, on which flowers of strawberry-pink color are densely located.
  2. Phantom is a shrub with a spreading crown growing up to 2.5 m. Its large pyramidal inflorescences have a creamy white shade at the beginning of flowering and turn pink by autumn.
  3. The variety “Pinky-Winky” is a shrub up to 1.8 m high, on the shoots of which are formed openwork conical purple-pink inflorescences.
  4. Sort "Limelight" different dense inflorescences of a greenish hue, which by the end of the season turn pink.
  5. Variety "Grandiflora" is known among gardeners for a long time for its dense inflorescences, which consist of sterile flowers.
  6. The variety "Weems Red" is a bush of beautiful shape, which reaches a height of 2 m. From the ground to the top, it is covered with delicate inflorescences that bloom in June. The first time they have a white color, then become saturated-pink, and after a while - maroon-red.
  7. The White Lady variety is distinguished by white inflorescences, which consist of a few flowers with rugged edges. It grows up to two meters.
  8. Grade "Kyushu" - a bush with delicate inflorescences and upright shoots up to 2.5 m.
  9. Variety "Great Star" is a plant up to two meters in height. Its shoots are covered with inflorescences, which consist of white flowers with petals in the form of a "propeller".
  10. The Erly Senseis variety is distinguished by its early flowering and dark purple shoots. On its openwork, widely cone-shaped inflorescences purple-pink flowers are formed.
  11. The Diamond Rouge variety is a shrub up to 1.8 m high. Its dense, large inflorescences very quickly become red.
  12. Variety “Daruma” is a short shrub with reddish leaves and small delicate inflorescences. Dark pink flowers become reddish over time.

What to do to hydrangea changed color?

Experienced growers know that after feeding certain shrubs to the bushes with pink inflorescences, as a result, you can get a plant blooming blue or blue flowers. To do this, starting in September, once every two weeks in the soil contribute:

  • solution of aluminum alum (2 pieces per 1 liter of water),
  • ferrous or aluminum sulphate (20-50 g).

If fertilizers are applied irregularly, then blue and pink inflorescences will start to form on the shrub.

Changing the color of hydrangea flowers

Large-leaved and new varieties of hydrangeas can change their color. To do this, use a variety of dyes sold in departments with fertilizers.

  • Если вы хотите получить синие оттенки, то 2 раза в неделю при поливе используйте кристаллы алюминия или железа или сульфат алюминия (1 ст. ложка на 5 л воды).
  • Для розовой окраски применяют раствор перманганата калия.
  • На изменение окраски гортензии также может повлиять торф. Для этого нужно поливать растение настоем торфа, к тому же это еще и хорошее удобрение.

Изменить окраску соцветий гортензии помогут специальные добавки

Shelter for the winter

With a horizontal shelter of hydrangea for the winter, you save flower buds that are laid on the branches of the plant (in species that bloom on last year's shoots). Then the hydrangea will bloom early.

If a misfortune has happened to your hydrangea - you have overcome the disease or it does not bloom, - take a look at the Hydrangea Questions section: there are collected answers from both experts and amateur gardeners.

The main garden hydrangea species

Despite the variety of forms, this article describes the species that take root and grow in our latitudes. Hortensia suffers from intense heat, many species that love penumbra slow down their growth in the sun, their inflorescences shrink. But there are those who tolerate heat well.

Hydrangea macrophylla (Hydrangea macrophylla)

Flowering occurs in July-August. Flowers of usual forms are collected in carapace inflorescences with a diameter of up to 20 cm, flowers of sterile forms are collected in lush spherical inflorescences with a diameter of up to 30 cm in white, pink, blue color.

Large-leaved hydrangea (Hydrangea macrophylla) Shrub up to 2 m tall with large, broad, ovate leaves. Heat-loving: requires frost shelter in frosty winters, tolerates frosts down to -10 ° C. The most common garden form in the world. The original form for potted hydrangeas. When potassium salts and aluminum sulfate are added to the ground, blue and blue inflorescences can be obtained.

Hortensia Bretschneider (Hydrangea bretschneideri)

The bush is compact, with a wide rounded decorative crown up to 3 m tall. Flowering from mid-July to August. The flowers are small, fruiting, gathered in wide inflorescences in the form of umbrellas with a diameter of about 15 cm. The middle flowers in the inflorescence fall early, the edge flowers bloom for a long time. The color at the beginning of flowering is bright white, by the end - purple or reddish. The leaves are dark green, egg-shaped, 12 cm long. The shoots are hairy, reddish, with delamination of the bark in the form of thin plates, by winter they are woody.

Hortensia Bretschneider (Hydrangea bretschneideri). Photos from en.wikipedia.org. The most winter-hardy variety, drought-resistant. Can be propagated by seeds.

Hydrangea pedicle (Hydrangea petiolaris)

Shrub vine attached to the support by air suckers, reaches up to 25 m in height, in the absence of support creeps on the ground. Excellent braids

. White-pink flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences with a diameter of up to 25 cm, quickly fall down.

Hydrangea petiolaris (Hydrangea petiolaris). Abundant bloom is observed in open places, but grows well in the shade too.

Hydrangea ashy or gray (Hydrangea cinerea)

Shrub, reaches a height of 2 m. Used as a hedge. It blooms until late autumn.

Hydrangea is ashy, or gray (Hydrangea cinerea). Photo from dachni-rady.com Flowers are sterile, small, in the form of numerous shields. The leaves are oval, membranous, dull green.

Varieties and varieties of hydrangea

Hortensia - undoubtedly a favorite among the flowers in the suburban areas. The long flowering period, a variety of shapes and colors attract special attention to it from gardeners and designers, and more and more often various varieties of this perennial are used in landscape design.

Hydrangeas can be spherical, racemic, and in color white, magenta, red, two-tone. The most common in our latitudes is tree hydrangea. Unpretentious, fairly easy to maintain and grow the plant is recommended for novice gardeners. Breeders bred several varieties of shrubs:

    • "Bella Anna" - a new variety of tree hydrangea, has rather large spherical inflorescences, the crown grows in diameter up to three meters, the color of petals from pale pink to purple-pink, blooms throughout the summer season and September,

    • Anabel - lush blooming sprawling shrub about 1.5 m high, inflorescences in the form of a snow-white ball, blooms in early July and retains its color throughout the summer season until September. After the end of flowering, the leaves of the plant remain bright green all autumn. The variety "Anabel" is adapted for wintering, does not require special shelter for the winter, it is frost-resistant,

    • Grandiflora - distinguished by large crystal-white inflorescences, blooms for 4 months,

    • Invincibel Spirit - A new variety of hydrangea with pink petals,

    • Sterilis - a variety with hemispherical, dense, heavy inflorescences; during the period of flowering - from July to October - the petals radically change color: from pale green to crystal white.

Also quite a common variety of perennial - Paniculously hydrangea, planting and caring for which are quite simple. This flower is attractive inflorescences unusual - paniculata - form, frost-resistant, different fast recovery, even in adverse climatic conditions. An interesting feature of this variety of hydrangea is a particularly long flowering period, during which the inflorescence changes its color. Does not need mulching for the winter. The most common varieties of panicle hydrangea:

  • "Vanilla Fraze" - variety with pale white-pink petals,

  • Limelight - the plant blooms in the fall, is distinguished by large inflorescences of pale lemon hue,

  • Pinky Winky - hydrangea with pale red petals.

How to plant

Growing hydrangeas in the open field under the force of even novice gardeners. If a hydrangea is chosen for a flower bed, planting and caring for it will never be a burden, they will become favorite activities. For planting shrubs should choose the correct location. Hydrangea does not tolerate long shading, the sunny side is the best place to plant it. Propagation of hydrangea produced by individual bushes or cuttings. It is recommended to plant a flower in spring (in May) or in autumn (in warm September).

For planting a hydrangea bush in open ground, it is necessary to dig a planting hole about 60 cm deep, about half a meter wide and long. The distance between the bushes - at least 1.5 meters. The flower, growing with proper care, will occupy a much larger area than during planting. The pits should be filled with a special mixture, including peat, sand, soil, humus (1: 1: 2: 2) and fertilizers (landscape design experts recommend combining 20 g of urea, potassium sulphide, add about 60 g of superphosphate in granules and 10 kg of humus ).

Attention: do not add lime to the soil mixture for hydrangea - it is destructive for this plant.

When planting, it should be borne in mind that the root neck of the plant should be at ground level. After planting hydrangea in open ground, it should be poured abundantly.

Suitable care

Caring for hydrangea is weeding and loosening the soil around it, organizing a timely and proper irrigation regime. In addition, to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture is recommended to mulch the bush in early summer, peat or sawdust.

Perennial needs proper pruning. Pruning the plant should be in the spring before the growing season, removing old shoots and leaving young and strong, shortening them by 3-5 buds. Faded and dried inflorescences of the shrub need to be removed. Old perennial shrubs must be cut almost to the root, leaving only low peneches from which young shoots will develop.

Top dressing and fertilizer of hydrangea

The hydrangea planted in the prepared and fertilized soil for the first two years can be neither fertilized nor fed.
Then the order of hydrangea feeding is:

  • in the spring it is necessary to add complex fertilizer containing micro- and macroelements (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen) under each bush,
  • For the second time in a season, top dressing (potassium sulphate together with superphosphate) is introduced in the period when buds appear on the bush,
  • a couple of times it is advisable to feed the perennial with diluted chicken manure or cow manure.

Attention: an excessive amount of nitrogen applied as a fertilizer can lead to a greening of hydrangea petals and problems with wintering the plant.

It should also be borne in mind that hydrangea responds well to lactic acid, therefore it is important when it is grown to periodically water the bush soaked with soured bread, milk whey, sour milk, kefir.

Hydrangea: combination with other plants

In a flower garden or garden, hydrangea is quite effective both by itself and in combination with other flowers. For example, paniculate hydrangea looks great next to the curtains of barberry purple-leaved, caliniformes. The beauty of tree hydrangea is emphasized by daylilies, short-cut barberry, low-growing juniper.

Hortensia in landscape design

Hortensia is a fantastically beautiful flower, inspiring to create beautiful compositions in landscape design. Taking into account the climatic conditions, in our latitudes, it is recommended to plant a hydrangea tree, paniculate and petiolate. Hortensia magically looks at the photo in large compositions when it grows in the squares, surprising everyone with the size and beauty of its inflorescences. To emphasize the beauty of hydrangea, it is possible to surround it with borders from helix, cotoneaster, and other shrubs. Hortensia should be planted in the flower garden in the background so that it does not curtain other plants.

It is not recommended to combine hydrangea with yellow, red, orange flowers. Successfully shrubs can shade plants with bluish flowers, needles or leaves - for example, clematis, cereals, hosts, low-growing junipers.
Classic landscape design is considered to be a combination of hydrangea with pink phloxes with a round shape of inflorescences, thujas, microbiota. Hydrangea is also used in mixborders to create compositions along garden paths, it can be grown as a hedge.

Hortensia - the basis of a beautiful garden. With proper care, it will delight you for many years. Experiment with different varieties of this shrub, try to decorate your arbor with curly hydrangea, plant a tree along the paths, create a living fence using paniculata.

Garden hydrangea: photo







  • Hydrangea: types and preferred varieties for the Russian garden
  • We grow up hydrangea in Siberia
  • The reasons why the hydrangea does not bloom, and how to eliminate them
  • Key points of planting garden hydrangea in the open ground in autumn

Good time of day! Tell me please:
1. Hydrangeas for more than four years, but not blooming?
2. Hortensia blooms, but low growth?
Regards Valentine

I also did not bloom for 3 years, and last year I gave steady flowers for the 4th year. All 3 years was small, I thought already everything ... will not grow. Last year, the soil was mulched once a week, and watered with a fresh wagon. This year has increased 2 times and in height and in width. In general, this May planted another 2 bushes. 1 bought in the store and the 2nd from the grandmother on the market, pah-pah, it seems to have taken root both.

Hortense is my dream! But, so far, we do not develop friendship with this beauty. Last year I planted a small hydrangea bush on my plot, he seemed to be feeling fine all summer, and now, in my opinion, he died after wintering. It is a pity, but I will still try to plant it, it’s too beautiful.

How to dilute potassium nitrate and blue vitriol for top dressing with chlorosis

I have a small vegetable garden and mostly in partial shade. This year I planted a young hydrangea bush in the penumbra in this garden and I do not count on flowers yet. But here I have a question for those who know such subtlety: “Does hydrangea grow in penumbra, and in general, what places does this plant like?”

Hello. In the penumbra, large-leaved hydrangeas feel great. But paniculata prefer the sun.

Hello. Tell me what am I doing wrong? Hortensia bloomed, but the edges of the upper leaves dried out and the inflorescences did not settle and dried. Thanks for the help

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