Many people think that these exotic fruits grow on a palm tree. In fact, they do not grow on a tree or on a bush, but on the ground. This is an amazing tropical fruit, the taste of which is familiar to all. This is a pineapple, which is one of the most common among exotic fruits. Its taste is familiar to many.
The article presents a story about how pineapple grows in nature (see the photo in the article), what conditions are necessary for its growth, and what features it has.
The local inhabitants of the tropics, even in the pre-Columbian era, grew and used pineapples for food. In addition to edible fruits, stalks and hard, prickly leaves of plants were used. From this raw material, fairly strong fibers were used, which are used to make ropes, clothes, mats and fishing nets.
The statement that pineapples grow on palm trees is not at all true. You can learn more about this later in the article. But first, let's imagine a small history of the discovery of this wonderful plant.
Ananas comosus is the closest plant to the modern species. It was discovered at the beginning of the last century in the valley of the Parana River (South America).
Most likely, long ago, it was from these regions that the inhabitants of the local tribes, who had learned to eat these juicy fruits, distributed them throughout the territories of the South American continent to Central America and the Caribbean.
A well-known fact is that this plant was cultivated by the Mayan and Aztec tribes. The discovery of an exotic tropical fruit by Europeans took place in 1493, during the period of Columbus' journey, who noticed this interesting plant on the island of Guadeloupe. It was from the light hand of the great Spanish navigator, this fruit got its name - Pina de Indes.
After the discovery of an unusual fruit in Hawaii by the Spaniards, the Portuguese also found a similar, no less interesting plant in Brazil. And after several decades, the first planting of pineapples began to appear in the African and Indian colonies. Tropical fruit, quickly gaining popularity, retained the name it received from the indigenous people of South America. "Nanas" in translation from the language of the Indians means "magnificent fruit." And in 1555 the prefix comosus (translated as crested) appeared in the title.
Where does pineapple grow?
The countries that are home to the pineapple are Paraguay and Brazil (South America). This plant prefers a tropical climate. It can grow even in dry periods due to the ability of the leaf cells to store moisture. Most pineapples are grown in Thailand, Brazil, the Philippines, Hawaii, Mexico, Australia, India and Guinea. It is possible to grow pineapple in Russia, but for this it is necessary to create conditions for this plant (in greenhouses) that are close to natural.
Pineapples are grown on large plantations, and only the best varieties are planted. In nature, this plant grows singly, it can only be found in individual specimens. In addition, in natural conditions wild varieties with harder, even mature fruits are found. They are small and not very sweet. Large varieties bred by man.
Where pineapple grows (see photo below) in the wild, it is almost a weed, growing without any care. Therefore, its taste is far from pineapple grown by people.
Today, this fruit is grown in almost all countries where the tropical climate prevails - this is Australia, Ghana, Mexico, India and others. Vast fields look amazingly beautiful where pineapples are planted in long rows.
The opinion that pineapple grows on a tree is wrong. This perennial herbaceous land plant, grows in the form of a small bush. It has tough and prickly leaves. Fruits are located on the trunk. The peculiarity of the leaves is not only that they are prickly, but also in the unusual property that they possess. As noted above, they have special cells whose tissue is able to accumulate moisture during the rains. This allows the plant to survive in the driest periods.
The height of the pineapple depends on the growing conditions and the variety. It can be equal to 0.6-1.5 meters. The stem of the plant is rather short. It is densely covered with elongated, hard foliage.
An adult plant has a rosette formed of 30 or more fleshy, pointed leaves that have a concave shape. Their length is 20-100 cm. One of the features of the plant is that on a stem that grows thicker during growth, the leaves are arranged in the form of a spiral. Some varieties and subspecies of pineapple have spines on the edge of the leaves - curved and sharp.
Subspecies of pineapple is both with monotonously painted leaves, and with motley. However, in all representatives of this genus, foliage has a thick wax coating, which makes it almost gray or gray.
How to grow pineapples?
In appearance, this exotic plant is more like a shrub with elongated and dense leaves. In the very first year, its stem thickens and grows green mass, which is a narrow and fleshy, succulent leaves intertwining with each other (length up to 0.7 meters) with sharp thorns along the edges.
A year later, the pineapple begins to appear inflorescence in the form of an ear with a large number of flowers, and bisexual.
The way pineapple grows (the photo is presented in the article) can be compared with the growth of white cabbage. Both of them are small bushes with thick leaves. Both have a fruit in the center of the socket. There are people who mistakenly believe that pineapples and cabbage are related. In fact, pineapples belong to the bromeliad family, and they are the only edible species in this family.
Peduncle, reaching a height of 60 cm, germinates from the point of growth of leaves. It is covered with flowers, as noted above, of both sexes. Thanks to this, this plant is self-pollinating. Duration of flowering - from about 14 to 20 days.
The flowers are reddish and purple shades, which also depends on the type of plant. In each of them there is a berry, pouring juice.
How do pineapples grow? After the end of the flowering period, a very powerful stem forms on the bush of the plant. From it the fruit develops further. And at the top of each fruit appears crest or palm, in the same shape as the bush itself, but smaller. To grow a new fruit, this tip is cut and planted. However, pineapples are not always self-pollinating. There are subspecies that have only male or only female flowers. In this case, the plant is pollinated by bees and other insects, seeds are formed in the fruit.
Wild fruits are usually small in size, and almost all of them have a lot of seeds that different animals like to eat.
After the ripening of the first fruit, pineapples intensively begin to grow lateral shoots, which are formed from the axils of the leaves. In the future, these shoots are used for propagation of pineapples in a cultivated form. When removing lateral sprouts, the mother plant blooms again after a while and gives rise to fruit again. The plants are completely pulled out after receiving the second harvest, and new ones are planted in their place.
Where does pineapple grow? On the ground, on the trunk of a small herb. Its seeds are located immediately under the skin of the fruit, in places called “eyes”, which are analogous to potato “eyes”. Scientifically, they are called axillary buds. Seeds in shape resemble the seeds of apples, only in size they are smaller. From such small seeds can grow a new pineapple. Reproduction by seeds is the second way after propagation by shoots. It should be noted that self-pollinating varieties do not have pits, so they can multiply in one way only - with the help of a tuft.
Fruits grown through pollination have not very good taste and the price of such fruits is lower. Therefore, when growing pineapples on an industrial scale, pollination of plants is strongly avoided.
How to grow pineapple in the home? In order to grow it, first of all, you need to get a well-ripened fruit (just in case two). When buying should pay attention to the leaves. They should be solid and saturated green. The skin of the fruit should be golden.
Preparation of material for planting: the leaves are collected in a bunch together with the stem unscrewed. You can simply cut off the top, separating it from the pulp.
Pineapple cultivation is a long process, which requires patience.
- The cut of the lower leaves should be done so that 3 cm from the cutting is left.
- The trimmed billet is placed in a well ventilated and dry room for drying (3-4 days).
- After the tops have dried, the billet is lowered by 4-5 cm in water in a transparent rooting container. Be sure to protect the plant from drying out and drafts.
- The water in the tank should change every two to three days.
- Observe constant temperature conditions.
- After the appearance of the first roots of pineapple can be planted in the ground. The diameter of the planting pot must match the size of the top of the seedling.
- There must be holes in the tank. The bottom of the pot should be laid out with a layer of expanded clay (about 2-3 cm). After planting, pineapple should be poured abundantly and set the plant pot in a well-lit place.
- Planted plants should be watered frequently (ideally wetting every other day).
- To ensure the natural growth conditions of the seedling should be covered with a transparent container.
So how do pineapples grow at home? Fine, if you follow all the rules of care. After 3-4 years, tasty and fragrant fruits will appear.
Pineapple Care Tips
- It is best to water with separated water at room temperature, otherwise the development of pineapple may slow down. You can add about 3 drops of lemon juice to the water.
- It is important to remember that the pineapple in the conditions of growing in the house should be transplanted annually, and the planting capacity in size should increase. Transplantation should be carried out by transferring a plant with an earthy ball.
- It is necessary to feed the plant with mineral fertilizers.
Growing pineapples at home is an exciting and uncomplicated process. The main thing in this business is to show patience and do everything correctly.
How pineapples grow in nature is understandable. But, as noted above, the sweet fruit to meet in the wild is quite difficult.
For all the past years since the discovery of the pineapple, not only the value and quality of this plant has changed, but also its appearance. For comparison, the following can be noted: wild pineapples in natural conditions form seedlings weighing 200–700 grams, while cultivars have fruits weighing up to 2–3 kg. With all this, the fruit pulp has become much sweeter.
Among the huge variety of tropical fruits, pineapples are in third place in terms of cultivation. In many countries, the cultivation of pineapples - the most important article of agriculture.
Botanical description of pineapple plants
When you see a pineapple plant in nature or on a plantation, you might think that all the moisture it extracts from the roots gives it to a juicy fruit. A perennial plant, whose habitual habitat is warm, but rather dry plains, looks extremely tough and prickly. The height of the pineapple, depending on the variety and growing conditions, can reach 0.6–1.5 meters. Stem short, densely covered with stiff, elongated foliage.
The rosette of an adult plant is formed from 30 or more fleshy, concave-shaped, pointed leaves with a length of 20 to 100 cm. It is interesting that on the stem that grows thicker it grows in a spiral. In some varieties and subspecies of pineapple on the edge of the leaves can be seen sharp curved spines.
There are subspecies as with exactly colored leaves, and variegated varieties. But all members of the genus foliage is covered with a thick wax coating that makes it almost gray or gray.
How does pineapple bloom?
Few people accustomed to feast on a tropical fruit, imagine how pineapple blooms. Nevertheless, it is interesting not only what the flower itself looks like, but also how pineapple plants are prepared for flowering on industrial plantations.
Usually bloom culture is ready in 12-20 months after planting. Since the formation of the peduncle in this species can be significantly delayed, some tricks are used to obtain a harmonious harvest on the plantations where pineapples grow. Plants or fumigate several times with smoke, or, what happens much more often, are treated with acetylene. This measure stimulates the plants to form flower buds, and after a couple of months you can notice how the upper part of the stem is extended, and the inflorescence appears on it.
The length of the pineapple inflorescence is from 7 to 15 centimeters. In this case it includes from 100 to 200 small flowers arranged in a spiral, sitting tightly on the stem and surrounded by a bract.
The color of the corolla can be, depending on the variety, different shades of crimson, lilac or purple.
Since the seed formation that occurs during cross-pollination, according to the producers of tropical fruits on pineapple and its qualities is negatively reflected, the flowering plantations are protected in every way. For this, the inflorescences are covered with caps, and in Hawaii, where hummingbirds are the pollinator of the crop, the landing has to be strictly protected from these tiny birds.
On the stem, flowers, and then individual fruits on pineapple plants are arranged in accordance with the sequence of Fibonacci numbers, forming two interrelated spirals.
As soon as the ovaries are formed, and their growth begins, the individual berries merge so that, as a result, a fruit with a juicy single core and a dense prickly skin appears on the shelves.
Due to the fact that there are practically no seeds in the fruits of cultivated varieties, reproduction is carried out exclusively by vegetative means. After harvesting, the old pineapple plants are removed, and in their place are planted new ones, obtained from the lateral processes, leaves that are abundantly formed in the axils and at the very root. As a result, the varietal affiliation of plants is maintained and their cultivation is accelerated.
Obviously, modern cultivation technology was not known either in the pre-Columbian era, or later, when the first Europeans appeared in the South American region. What is the origin of pineapple? When, by whom and where was the pineapple first discovered?
History of discovery and origin of the pineapple
According to today's views of scientists, it is possible to consider as the native land of pineapple the area stretching from the south of Brazil and to Paraguay.
The plants closest to the modern species Ananas comosus at the beginning of the last century were found in the valley of the Paraná River.
Obviously, from these regions, local tribes, who learned to eat juicy stems, spread pineapples throughout most of the South American continent right up to the Caribbean and Central America. It is known that pineapple plants were cultivated by the Aztec and Mayan tribes. The discovery of tropical pineapple fruit by Europeans took place in 1493, when Columbus noticed interesting plants on the island of Guadeloupe. With a light hand navigator pineapple called "Pina de Indes".
If the Spaniards found pineapples in Hawaii, the Portuguese found no less striking plants in Brazil. A few decades later, the first plantings of pineapples appeared in the Indian and African colonies. The tropical fruit, which is rapidly gaining popularity, has retained the name derived from the native South Americans, because “nanas” in Tupi language means “magnificent fruit”. The prefix comosus, that is, crested, appeared in 1555.
Growing pineapples: tropical fruits in Europe
As exotic tropical fruits, pineapples began to quickly gain popularity in Europe. Here only their delivery from overseas colonies to the states of Europe was not only expensive, but also extremely long. During the voyage, most of the fruit was hopelessly spoiled. Therefore, already in 1658, the first European fruit was grown, and in 1723 a huge greenhouse was built in English in Chelsea, designed exclusively for this tropical culture.
Pineapples have become so popular and fashionable that their images appeared on the portraits of royal persons, and the rulers wanted their own strange "cones" to be grown in their possessions. So, for example, a portrait with a pineapple of King Henry II is known, in 1733 a pineapple from his own greenhouse in Versailles appeared on the table of Louis XV. And Catherine II, before her death, received fruit from her Petersburg farms.
But, despite the fact that pineapples did not grow in nature, but already in Europe, they did not become cheaper and more accessible. Чтобы получить драгоценный фрукт требовалось ждать не менее двух лет, а содержание теплиц и выращивание капризной культуры было дорого. Поэтому ананасы считались символом роскоши, а на званых обедах часто их не ели, а использовали в качестве украшения и доказательства достатка. Один и тот же плод использовали для декорирования стола по много раз, пока он не сгнивал.
Стилизованные изображения ананаса, тропического фрукта для богатых, все чаще применялись для украшения интерьеров и одежды. And in the second half of the 18th century, in the possession of the fourth Earl of Dunmore, John Murray, engaged in the cultivation of pineapples for the English nobility, a greenhouse appeared, the attraction of which was a huge dome in the form of a fancy stone pineapple of 14 meters height.
But neither the construction of greenhouses nor the development of industry could make the cultivation of tropical fruits in Europe massive. Doing it where pineapples grow in nature turned out to be faster and more profitable.
At the turn of the 20th century, large industrial enterprises of this kind appeared in Hawaii, then plantations were broken up in many countries of South America, Africa and the Asian region. Entrepreneurial producers have not only established the delivery of fruit on ships, but also mastered the production of canned fruit. From luxury, pineapple has become an affordable and affordable product.
Over the past since the discovery of the fruit of the century, not only its value has changed, but also its appearance. If wild pineapples in nature form aggregates weighing 200 to 700 grams, then cultivars delight consumers with pineapples up to 2-3 kg in weight. At the same time, the pulp in the fruit has become incomparably sweeter.
Calorie content: 52 kcal.
Energy value of the product Pineapple:
Protein: 0.3 g.
Fat: 0.1 g
Carbohydrates: 11.8 g.
A pineapple - Tropical fruit, caught in our region from Paraguay and Brazil. The person who brought pineapple to Europe is considered Colomb. This fruit, being not only tasty, but also having a peculiar shape in the form of a cone (see photo), immediately won the love of the local population. Pineapple fruit has dark skin and yellow-orange color. Fruit weight can reach from 2 to 15 kilograms. Pineapple has a pleasant aroma, and its taste is unique.
Where and how do pineapples grow in nature?
Where and how to grow pineapples in nature? This question at least once asked every fan of this product. The answer can be easily found by reading the label on a can of canned food or on a tag attached to each fresh fruit. But this information applies only to the country of origin. But how exactly pineapple grows, you can read in this section of the article. And not only to read, but also to see the process with your own eyes on the attached video.
Most often on the shelves you can see the fruits brought from Thailand. But it happens that the product is imported from other countries, the climatic conditions of which allow the cultivation of pineapples. In nature, pineapples grow on herbaceous plants, whose name is consonant with the name of the fruit. The plants are perennial and rather large in size. The height of some bushes can exceed two meters, and the plant can take up to three square meters in width.
Pineapple fruits ripen at a short distance from the ground, forming in the axils of the leaves. The leaves themselves are dense and have a rather large thickness and juicy flesh on the cut. Along the edges they are littered with spines, which can outwardly resemble the plant we are used to, commonly referred to as the agave.
In tropical countries, whose economy is tied to agriculture and the cultivation of all kinds of exotic fruits for us, pineapples are cultivated by huge plantations. In addition, it should be noted that the climate of these regions allows to collect two or even three harvests of this product per year, because the time of ripening of pineapple in nature varies from three months to six months. All sorts of technologies help pineapple farmers to get the maximum number of ovaries and large fruits.
Like any other direction of agriculture, the cultivation of pineapples is not complete without toxic chemicals and various complex fertilizers. It is the latter that make it possible to obtain a product of the highest quality, which not only will be sweet and large, but also be able to transfer long-term transportation.
Many farms whose climatic conditions and location are not so favorable for growing this exotic plant cultivate pineapples in conditions close to natural ones. For this, greenhouses with a special microclimate are built. Harvest in such farms can also be collected two or three times a year.
Having learned about this, some gardeners are also trying to grow a plant in their plot, and many successfully grow pineapple in a pot on the windowsill in a normal apartment. Undoubtedly, this will have to make a lot of effort, as well as create a plant conditions of the native climate of the tropics, but still many can do it. Of course, it is not necessary to count on a big harvest, but to get a small pineapple, and also to show the children how much and how it grows live (and not just in the pictures), it will definitely work out!
There are many species of plants pineapple, but then we will discuss the most common.
- Pineapple krupnokhoholkovy - a plant with a rosette of linear leaves. After flowering, it forms a golden-yellow fruit. Brazil is considered the birthplace of this plant species.
- Pineapple inflorescence - this type of plant is considered the most beautiful, it has bright greenish colors with yellow and white stripes. The fruits of this plant are very beautiful pink. At home, rarely bears fruit.
- Dwarf pineapple - dwarf variety, its leaves reach a length of only 20-30 cm. This plant is not used for gastronomic purposes, grown as an ornamental plant. It can be used in flower arrangements.
- Sowing Pineapple - practically not grown as an ornamental plant.
You can get to know each of the pineapple species mentioned here in more detail and see his photo in the photo gallery at the end of the article.
Is pineapple a berry or a fruit?
Many people ask the question, is pineapple a berry or a fruit? Or maybe this is a vegetable? In fact, pineapple is a grass (herb), and scientists use the name “tropical fruit” or “seedlings” for it.
Pineapple - description, photo, structure.
Pineapple is a rather prickly plant with extremely juicy and sweet-sharp fruits. Plant height varies from 60 to 100 cm. Succulent-type pineapple leaves and are able to accumulate moisture in their tissues, like cacti. The length of individual leaves is 30-100 cm (in some species, it can reach more than 2 meters). Numerous leaves are collected in a wide rosette, and in their axils there are a lot of adventitious roots, absorbing the accumulated moisture. In pineapple leaves in large quantities are fibers that give the leaves strength and elasticity.
The root system of the plant develops rather weakly. Basically, pineapple roots buried in the soil no more than 25-30 centimeters, and at the same time cover a very small amount of soil.
At the growth point of a fully formed rosette, a long (up to 60 cm) flower shoot is formed. Pineapple flowers are bisexual, grown together and are located at the top of the flower shoot, sit very often, forming a spiral. Flowers bloom in turns, about 10 flowers a day. The flowering period lasts about 3 weeks, after which a mini-fruit develops from each flower. The mini-fruits grown together form the whole pineapple stem. When pollination of flowers (for example, hummingbird birds), seeds are formed in them, but the presence of seeds in the seedlings lowers their edible qualities. Therefore, in the industrial cultivation of pineapples, people try to avoid their pollination.
Pineapple seedlings, ready to eat, look a lot like a big golden brown cone. Inside the seed fruit there is a rather rigid axis, on the sides of which are fruits, surprisingly juicy and tender, ending with the remains of dead flowers and covering leaves. The average weight of a pineapple is about 2 kg, and its top is decorated with a crown (a panicle of short leaves), which appears as the inner axis of the stem grows.
Most of the pineapples grown in the crop, the seeds do not, and reproduction occurs with the help of shoots, tufts, which are easily separated and rooted. True, when crossed with some other varieties, the seeds do develop, and they can also be used to propagate the plant.
After the first fruit of a pineapple ripens, the plant produces side shoots, which are used for vegetative propagation. Usually, the lateral processes are removed, after which the pineapple blooms and bears fruit a second time. After harvesting the second crop, the plant is uprooted, and a new one is planted in its place.
Author photo: Markus Brunner
In the mature pulp of pineapple you can see white small inclusions - ovules. Also, pineapple seedlings are completely permeated with a multitude of conductive beams - the basic elements of the plant's conducting system.
Photo taken from the site: www.researchgate.net
An unripe pineapple has a rather pungent, lip-burning taste and is a powerful laxative. Ripe pineapple has excellent taste and bright rich aroma. The pulp of a ripe fruit has a yellowish or white color.
Author photo: Markus Leupold-Löwenthal
Where do pineapples grow?
Homeland pineapple - Mato Grosso Plateau, located between Brazil and Paraguay. It was from here, from South America, that this plant began to spread to other countries several centuries ago. Today, pineapple is cultivated in the tropical and subtropical zones of both hemispheres. Pineapple varieties are grown in Thailand and the Philippines, in China and the USA, in Brazil, India and Vietnam, in Hawaii and Cuba, in Mexico, in Taiwan, in the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, Zaire and in the Azores.
Photo by: Krankman
Pineapples do not grow on palm trees
Pineapple is a tropical herbaceous plant of the bromeliad family. In nature, there are many species of this perennial, but all valuable cultivars are obtained from the Pineapple of the Large-Crested Choke, or Ananas comosus.
Pineapple leaves are fairly rigid, with finely serrated edges forming a dense rosette about 60 cm high. Their ability to accumulate and retain moisture gives the plant succulent properties and excellent adaptability to a dry hot climate.
During flowering, a peduncle with an inflorescence in the form of a cob appears from a rosette of leaves. Pineapple flowers bisexual, growing together. Flowering lasts from 10 to 20 days, after which the fruit is fastened - sthe buds are in the form of a cone with additional vegetative leaves on the crown growing tuft, hence the name is tufted or large-tufted.
Pineapple ripeness occurs when the cone reaches a weight of about 2 kg, and the surface becomes a pleasant golden color. The stem consists of a rigid axis with attached juicy fruits, fused together, with coarse parts of the flower and a covering leaf remaining on the tops. Seeds from cultivated varieties of pineapple do not ripen, but remain in their infancy.
In the ripe fruit, the peel acquires a golden yellow color.
Pineapple fruits have long been valued for their tasty, fragrant and very juicy flesh. In China, this fruit is the main decoration of the New Year's table, as a symbol of success and prosperity of the family.
Original decorated pineapple - festive table decoration
In South America, pineapple is considered a medicinal plant. Compresses of the pulp and coarse fibers of the fetus superimposed on open wounds relieve inflammation. In the Philippines, from the hard leaves of pineapple, they learned how to get the fiber used to make natural fabric.
Despite the fact that the crust of a tropical fruit is considered to be inedible, in Mexico a drink is made from it, similar to our kvass - tepache. Sugar is added to the peeled pineapple peel and fermented. After 2–3 days a refreshing drink is ready. Serve it in tall glass cups, adding crushed ice.
Sweet-sour pineapple pulp contains many sugars and organic acids. The rich content of vitamins of group B, A and PP, as well as the presence of valuable mineral substances - potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc, iodine and others ensure its food value.
Pineapple juice and pulp are used:
- with thrombosis, as a blood thinner,
- with obesity - low calorie content and the presence of potassium salts, which remove excess fluid from the body, help to reduce weight,
- in violation of digestion - improves the activity of the fermentation of gastric juice,
- with avitaminosis - juice as a source of beneficial microelements and vitamins,
- in cosmetology - masks and lotions with the addition of pineapple juice tighten pores and dry oily skin.
The famous Sophia Loren, who has a maiden figure in her mature age, eats two pineapples every day. It is to this fetus that the actress attributes the ability to “burn” fat and maintain well-being.
The pulp of immature pineapple not only burns the oral mucosa, but also causes severe indigestion. The ripened fruit loses its laxative properties, acquiring enzymes that improve digestion.
Pineapple is used to prepare all kinds of jams and confitures used for filling in baking cakes and pastries. Canned fruits in their own juice are used in healthy nutrition and as a component of various salads.
Where do these fruits grow?
Homeland pineapple - sunny plateaus of Brazil. It was from there that the exotic fruit began its journey around the world. In the 16th century, Portuguese mariners brought pineapple to India and Africa, and in the 17th century Europe already met it. True, the European climatic conditions do not allow growing this fruit in the open air, so here it was placed in greenhouses. In the same way for a long time it was possible to obtain the fruits of this plant in St. Petersburg and even on the Solovetsky Islands. But in the 19th century, with the development of the shipping company, it became unprofitable to engage in pineapples, as they were brought in large quantities from the plantations, and the greenhouses refused to grow an exotic fruit.
Due to the long growing season, it is not profitable to grow pineapples indoors
Today, the main large plantations supplying pineapples around the world are in Brazil, the Philippine Islands, Thailand and Taiwan. In Russia, this fruit is grown only by amateur gardeners at home, in pots or in heated greenhouses and greenhouses.
On Valaam, several years ago, novices tried to root pineapples in a monastic greenhouse, among ordinary vegetables and greens. The experiment was a success, and today several exotic fruits are ready to diversify the menu of ascetics.
Colombian pineapples get along well with cucumbers
Spread of pineapples in the wild
Wild pineapples are still found at home - in Brazil, settling among the herbage or along the forest edges. The fruits of them are much smaller varietal and not so tasty, but, unlike cultural relatives, they have the ability to multiply by seed. In grown pineapples, seeds are either absent or do not ripen, so reproduction occurs by layering and rooting the tops.
Many for some reason think that pineapple, like dates, grows on a palm tree. Not at all - all species and varieties of this plant are herbaceous perennials. Pineapple plantation is a field with low shrubs, on which these wonderful fruits are formed. Proper pineapple care, like any other crop, will provide a rich harvest. Planted in rows, at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other. And then everything is as usual - weeding, watering in drought, fertilizing with fertilizers, fighting diseases and pests. If everything is done correctly, it will be possible to get 2-3 crops per year.
Tropical plantations allow you to get up to three harvests of juicy fruits per year.
Planted young pineapple rosette for the first year is developing and gaining weight. It blooms only 1–1.5 years after disembarkation. The time of flowering and ripening of the fruit depends on the type of plant and can take from three to six months. The withdrawn plants are removed, and new sockets are planted in their place.
Decorative pot growing
Pineapple is most often propagated by rooting tops of the fruit or layering. Less commonly, seeds are used for these purposes, since ripe seeds are absent in purchased fruits, and they are rarely available for sale. The layers are propagated if there is already an adult plant, from which it is possible to take planting material.
Choosing a pineapple for planting, first of all we pay attention to the condition of the fetus. The skin of the pineapple should be smooth, without dents and damage, the leaves are elastic, without damage. But the main thing - pineapple should have a point of growth. Therefore, you need to carefully look at the center of the outlet - the leaves should be alive, green, and without damage.
For rooting, it is necessary to separate the crown from the fetus. If the pineapple is ripe enough, then it can be easily unscrewed by rotating clockwise, or cut with a knife, grabbing 2-3 cm from the fruit. Cut off the top of the head of the lower leaves and residues of pulp. Rooting is best in a glass jar of water, avoiding immersion to the leaves. About a month later, the first roots will appear, and a week later the pineapple can be planted in a pot.
Steps rooting outlet - separation of the crown, removing the lower leaves and pulp, keeping in water and planting in a pot
An established plant will need about a year to prepare for flowering. За это время розетка заметно подрастёт и весной или летом появится первый цветонос. Початок длиной от 10 до 15 см содержит множество цветов ярко-розового или фиолетового цвета. Раскрываются цветки постепенно от основания к макушке, и, уже через месяц, начинают завязываться плоды. Быстро разрастаясь, они сливаются, превращаясь в один сочный плод. Созревание завершится через 4–5 месяцев.
Созревающие ананасы в красивых кашпо добавят солнца и тепла в любой дом
Of course, grown in a pot, pineapple fruit will not be as large as its counterparts, ripening in the tropics, but the taste and aroma will be no worse.
It often happens that the room pineapple develops well, but the flowering never occurs. The reason may be insufficient lighting. In this case, it is necessary to rearrange the plant to the south window or to use the additional lighting phytolamp. You can also use stimulants flowering and fruiting.
Video: Pineapple blooms and grows at home
After ripening, the fruit is cut, and the plant itself, if there are no other flower stalks on it, is renewed. Simply say - they say goodbye to him, having landed in his place one of the appearing processes. Re-fruiting in room conditions is extremely rare, and a socket without seed heads does not represent decorative value, although it takes quite a lot of space.
Thanks to export, and pineapple is in fourth place in supply after bananas, grapes and citrus fruits, today this tropical fruit is available in every corner of the globe. Exquisite taste and aroma, as well as the presence in the pulp of fiber, vitamins and substances necessary for health allow us to consider this fruit not only tasty, but also a useful dessert.
How to grow pineapples in the wild?
For a start, a small clarification, pineapple is still a plant, although we are accustomed to consider it a fruit. Let's take a closer look at how pineapples grow in nature.
Pineapple - a herbaceous plant, and a perennial, which is grown in the ground. At an already mature age there may be about 150 centimeters in height. The stem is low, down-to-earth, covered with tough foliage and therefore more like a shrub than a plant.
However, large fruits are usually obtained if the planting occurs on plantations or in greenhouses. In normal natural conditions, the plant grows much smaller, and the fruit - up to one kilogram in weight, and the pulp is different in taste from that to which we are accustomed.
As for the rest, if we compare the process of growth in the wild or in other conditions, it is absolutely the same.
In the middle of the shrub, a peduncle is formed with an inflorescence, the color of which can be from red to burgundy. All the flowers form a small berry, they grow together into a single whole and it turns out the usual fruit.
In which countries is the plant distributed?
How a tasty fruit is made is understandable, but where do pineapples grow and in which countries can they be found?
Interestingly, 20% of the world's total tropical fruits are pineapples.
Homeland plants are considered arid areas of Brazil and Paraguay. It was in these countries that they were cultivated, there they are consumed a lot and immediately, just matured, so 70% of the crop is sold among the local population and only the remaining percentage goes to other countries.
The Philippines, China and Thailand produce more than half of the global total. Slightly less grows in India, Indonesia, Costa Rica.
About forty years ago, a special variety was bred, which only some countries supplied, but over time, cheaper options appeared and it lost its popularity.
Growing pineapple on plantations
Huge plantations are now in Asian countries, USA, South Africa. For the speedy ripening of fruits, a special technology is used, and varieties that quickly bear fruit are taken.
Already rooted cuttings are sent to the ground in two rows, and their height must be at least 20 centimeters, and the distance between the rows reaches two meters.
Large crop can be obtained by treating the plant with acetylene. It promotes the formation of kidneys at the right time.
Juicy and ripe fruits are obtained only if the flower has not been pollinated; therefore, they are necessarily covered with caps and in every way protected from insects and birds.
For the processing of pineapples and irrigation used mechanical tools that simplify the process. For the year in the ground, you can collect up to three harvests.
Is it possible to grow a plant in a greenhouse?
For normal development requires warm rooms and diffused light. It is possible to grow plants in this way - European countries and regions of southern Russia have long resorted to this. Instead of soil, a layer of land mixture is used here and watered with acidified water in order for the plant to grow better and faster. Prerequisite: the liquid must be the same temperature as the air in the greenhouse. It is impossible to prevent stagnation of fluid in the ground, from which the plant may die.
Is pineapple a vegetable, fruit or berry?
Is pineapple a vegetable, fruit or berry? Scientists have not yet found the answer to this popular question. And all this happens because the plant combines a large number of different properties, based on the evaluation of which, pineapple can be attributed equally to many plant species. Although scientists, analyzing similarities and agreeing on the opinion, decided to classify the product as “pineapple fruit”. We have to add the definition of “exotic” to this name.
Types of pineapples, titles and photos.
Currently, the pineapple variety includes 6 species (according to information from theplantlist.org site dated October 23, 2016):
- Ananas ananassoides, or Ananas nanus
- Ananas bracteatus - Pineapple bract
- Ananas comosus - real pineapple (large-crested, crested)
- Ananas lucidus - brilliant pineapple
- Ananas parguazensis - Pargwazen Pineapple
- Ananas sagenaria
Below is a description of the types of pineapples:
- Pineapple Ananas ananassoides - wild pineapple species growing in the forests and savannas of Venezuela, Brazil and Paraguay. A feature of the species is the almost complete absence of the stem, the leaves are up to 2.4 meters long and the inflorescence is reddish in color. The total height of the plant is from 90 to 100 cm. The fruit of this type of pineapple can be elongated or spherical in shape, and the sweet pulp contains small brown seeds.
Photo by: João Medeiros
Photo by: João Medeiros
Photo by: Elke Wetzig
- Pineapple bract (lat. Ananas bracteatus) - a very beautiful pineapple with long (up to 1 meter), bright green, curved leaves, on the surface of which are white and yellow stripes. In the sun, the leaves fade and become pink and reddish. The tricolor variety of this pineapple, Ananas bracteatus tricolor, is used as a popular houseplant on which fully edible stems are able to ripen. This type of pineapple grows in Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Argentina.
Photo by: Diego Delso
- Pineapple krupnokhoholkovyhe pineapple crested or real pineapple(lat. Ananas comosus) - A valuable fruit plant cultivated in a number of states with a tropical climate. The height of the perennial plant with numerous gray-green leaves is 1-1.5 m and higher. About 30 or more leaves appear on one plant. The length of the present pineapple leaves reaches from 30 cm to 100 cm. The flowers are bisexual, the flower is 8 cm long, 4 cm wide. They are arranged in a spiral in the spike-shaped inflorescences. Usually about 200 flowers appear on a single plant, when combined, pineapple seedlings are obtained. The color of the flowers can be different: the color range varies from purple and violet to pink and red. After the flowering of the pineapple, yellow seed heads are formed, on top of which lies the Sultan - a rosette of narrow, long and serrated leaves along the edge. The crop ripens in 4.5-5 months. As a wild culture is found in Brazil and Paraguay, where it grows on forest edges and open places.
The lead on the cultivation of pineapples is kept by the Hawaiian Islands (30%), Thailand, the Philippines, Brazil and Costa Rica are a little behind. The coarse leaves of Taiwan and Philippine pineapples are suitable for the production of spinning fibers. Depending on the variety, the weight of pineapples ranges from 1.5 to 5 kg. One kilogram of juicy pulp contains about 86% water, 15 mg of sucrose, 0.7 mg of citric acid and up to 50 mg of vitamin C (about 120 mg in leaves).
Author photo: Suniltg
Photo by: H. Zell
Photo by: David Monniaux
- Brilliant pineapple (lat.Ananaslucidus) - a plant with bright, decorative, practically unspotted leaves, up to 1 m long and 3.5 cm wide. In the colors of the leaves there are orange-red, brown and green shades, effectively contrasting with each other. Petals inflorescence purple. Pineapple sizes reach 12 cm in length and 5 cm in width. Small fruits contain tasteless fibrous pulp. This type of pineapple is common in Ecuador, in Colombia and Peru, in Guiana, in northern Brazil and in Venezuela.
- Pineapple pargwazensky (lat. Ananas parguazensis) - A rare variety of pineapple, grows in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana and in the north of Brazil. The plant is distinguished by miniature stems, not of commercial interest, and relatively soft leaves, forming luxurious sultans.
- Pineapple Ananas sagenaria - a beautiful plant, used to a greater extent as an ornamental. The inflorescences of the plant and pineapple crested are very similar, but the length of the leaves of this species reaches more than 2 meters in length. The fruits are edible, very beautiful, red in color, and due to the low sugar content they have a sour taste. At home, the fruits are used to make wine, and fiber is produced from long leaves and made rugs, hammocks and even clothing. This type of pineapple grows in countries such as Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador and Paraguay.
Author photo: Forest & Kim Starr
How does pineapple grow at home?
It turns out that you can grow the fruit at home. Of course, it will not be so big, rather even some small fruits are formed, but the process itself is quite fascinating.
- To begin, select a fruit for planting. It must be ripe, with firm and deep green leaves. The fruit is chosen a beautiful yellow color, not too dense. Manually remove the tip from the pineapple along with the stem. It is slightly cleaned, placed in water, cleaned in a bright room and wait for the roots to appear.
- Another way is to put the cut tip into a weak solution of potassium permanganate, dry it and send it to the pot with soil. We put it in a warm place, where the air temperature will be from 25 degrees, but no more than 28, and we wait for the formation of roots, not forgetting to water periodically.
Ordinary flower soil is suitable as the soil, and the pot should be the same size as the fruit. But even an adult plant should not be placed in a container of more than 4 liters.
In order to get a fruit, and not just green leaves, it is necessary to provide it with the necessary temperature, it should be at least 25 degrees and no more than 30. Water it with a little acidified water, which has already stood for some time, and fertilize with complexes for bromeliads.
How long does it take to grow pineapple at home?
If you are excited to grow this exotic fruit at home, then of course you want to know how much pineapple is growing.
- After the top has been planted or the stem is placed in water, in order for the roots to finally appear, you will have to wait at least a month, if not all, of course, if all the conditions are ensured.
- If the plant gave roots, it does not mean that the fruit will grow quickly. It will still take at least a year, during which it will develop, and increase in size. And only after this period, the long-awaited arrow with the fruit will appear. Of course, this process can be slightly accelerated, for example, by surrounding the container with apples cut into pieces, but this method is not very reliable. Another option is to water pineapple with calcium carbide. To do this, dissolve one scoop in 500 milliliters of water, draw, strain and use for watering.
To get the finished fruit, if all the rules of planting have been observed and the process is correct, it is possible after about eighteen months.
If you want to use the plant as a decorative ornament, get evergreen stems without fruit, then within six months it will begin to delight you with a build-up of leaf mass.
Almost all successfully cultivated varieties of pineapples are the result of hybridization and breeding work. Varieties can be divided into three groups depending on the characteristics of growth and biological characteristics:
Spanish group. The cultivated varieties (mainly table) differ in the complete absence of spines on the leaves (or there are very few spines). The plants are resistant to diseases, the ripened fruits have a mass of 1.5 kg (in Spanish red pineapple) to 10 kg (in pineapple Cabezon), tolerate transportation well, but are much inferior in taste to dessert varieties. Among the varieties of this group are the following:
- Pinya Blanca,
- Spanish red.
Queen (queen). The leaves of these varieties of pineapples are painted in pale green color, the leaf plates are short, studded with tenacious spines. Fruit weight on average 1.3-1.5 kg. Popular varieties are:
Cayenne. Varietal group includes plants with excellent taste and high yield. Rosette leaves with almost no thorns, the fruits have a mass of from 1.5 to 3.5 kg, perfectly tolerate transportation. Pineapple varieties are especially popular:
- Fassaro (Breeding-25),
- Baron Rothschild,
- Santo Domingo,
- Foulaya (Selection-32-33).
The chemical composition of pineapple, vitamins and minerals.
In addition to the high content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), pineapples of group B, PP and provitamin A are found in pineapples. Potash, iron, zinc, copper, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese and iodine are also found in the pulp of ripe fruits.
Pineapple pulp is rich in bromelain - a complex of enzymes that break down proteins, so that they are better absorbed. Also, bromelain has anti-inflammatory and immunocorrective properties. The highest concentration of bromelain is found in the solid core of pineapple.
Calorie pineapple is very low: per 100 g of mature flesh accounts for only 52 kcal, so it is often included in diets for weight loss.
Pineapple - useful properties.
Pineapple is useful for both women and men: it helps to thin the blood and cleanse the blood vessels of cholesterol, relieves swelling, dulls the feeling of hunger, increases the serotonin content in the blood and removes excess fluid from the body.
Regular use of pineapple is recommended for the prevention of heart attacks and strokes, as well as for the following diseases:
- thrombophlebitis and thrombosis,
- diseases of the central nervous system,
- infectious diseases.
A glass of freshly squeezed pineapple juice while eating improves digestion, especially when eating heavy foods - fiber and meat.
Pineapple contributes to weight loss: pineapple dessert stimulates metabolic processes in the body, and also quickly saturates due to the high fiber content.
Pineapple juice will help to cope with seasickness and to overcome nausea during air travel.
Useful properties of pineapple can be used for external use:
- Pineapple facial masks deal with the first signs of skin wilting, and a whole slice can eliminate oily shine.
- Horny corn is easily removed after a compress from the pulp of pineapple.
Pineapple oil - properties.
Pineapple oil is widely used in medicine and cosmetology due to the unique combination of vitamins and a complex of microelements. Pineapple oil has a number of useful properties:
- antibacterial and antimicrobial,
- stimulating the immune system and blood circulation processes,
Pineapple oil is an excellent tool in the fight against infectious diseases, its use normalizes the level of sugar contained in the blood, the oil successfully fights the herpes virus and helps to solve digestive problems. Pineapple oil perfectly whitens the skin, moisturizes, relieves its irritation and improves skin tone.
Contraindications and harm to pineapple.
You should refrain from eating pineapple when:
- gastrointestinal diseases (gastritis, ulcers, increased acidity of the stomach),
- low blood clotting,
- people with hypersensitivity tooth enamel,
- people with allergies
- pregnancy (unripe fetuses can cause uterine contractions)
- breastfeeding mothers
- in childhood (up to 3 years),
- overweight people should not abuse dried pineapple, as it contains large amounts of sugar.
How to store pineapple at home?
If you need to store pineapple for 8-12 days, you can do this as follows:
- put the fruit in a paper bag, having made several holes for ventilation in it, or wrap pineapple in thick paper - this will save it from fading and allow you to preserve the flavor. You should not store a pineapple in a plastic bag,
- Packed in a similar way, you need to put the pineapple in the refrigerator, choosing a compartment for storing fruit,
- a couple of times a day, the packaging must be turned over, thereby ensuring optimum air access to the pineapple.
- longer storage is possible only when canning or freezing the fragrant pulp.
How to identify and select a ripe pineapple?
How to identify and select a ripe pineapple? The question is far from simple and relevant, because every customer wants to receive only high-quality goods.
Основным критерием качества ананаса для потребителя можно назвать именно спелость продукта, и в этом вопросе у многих возникают сомнения. Это обусловлено тем, что плоды снимаются за некоторое время до их зрелости. Дозревают они уже в процессе транспортировки к конечному потребителю. Dense scaly skin, which covered pineapple segments, allows the product to endure long flights, but it is not resistant to various shocks and temperature drops. Improper conditions can affect the taste of the fruit.
The first thing you should pay attention to the buyer is the appearance of the fetus. A high-quality product has a brown skin color, and will also be very dense to the touch. Such a fruit is sure to be sweet and tasty.
The remaining criteria, which should be focused on when choosing a pineapple in the store, are shown in the table below.
Sound when tapping
Must be extremely deaf. A sonorous echo inside the fruit suggests that the pineapple is not fully ripe.
None. Spots and scratches, as well as all sorts of violations of the integrity of the shell indicates improper transportation of the product.
Must be green. Slight yellowing of the tips is allowed. The very same sheet rosette should be easily separated from the fetus. If the sheet is separated with effort, then such a pineapple should not be purchased.
Well pronounced, sweetish, but very thin. Sugary smell is in the overripe fetus, which may be too soft inside. If the pineapple has no smell at all, then it means that the fruit is unripe.
Fragrant, has a sweet taste, tinted with sourness, and pleasantly crunchy.
Quality pineapple can not be easy. If a large-sized fruit does not reach a half-kilogram by weight, then its acquisition should definitely be abandoned. When cutting such a pineapple, you will see clearly defined fibers and feel a little juiciness.. And about the density of the pulp and generally not worth talking about.
The cost of properly grown and brought from warm countries pineapple can not be low. Although this criterion should not be guided, not considering all the above indicators.
Where and how to store and how to ripen the fruit at home?
Where and how to store and how to ripen the fruit at home? You will find the answer to this question in this section of the article.
Buying this exotic fruit, the hostess often ask themselves exactly this question. This is because the product can be incomplete ripeness or very large, which is why even a small family cannot always eat pineapple in one sitting.
First, we solve the problem of product safety. Some housewives recommend storing the fruit in the refrigerator, well packed it in a plastic bag. But this is not quite the right approach, and you don’t need to do that.
The proper storage conditions for pineapple are:
- Air temperature is not lower than room temperature. The fruit does not tolerate sudden changes in humidity and should not be in the cold. Keep the pineapple extremely warm and in no case do not turn it down with a sheet rosette.
- Separate storage due to a high degree of extraneous odor. A container with a membrane for the access of air will be the best solution.
- Protecting the fruit from bright light. For storage suitable sheltered place with good ventilation and constant air temperature.
Subject to the above, a ripe peeled pineapple can retain its qualities for ten days.
In the case when the fruit of improper ripeness was acquired, many housewives are tormented by the question: “What can be done to ripen the pineapple?”. Let's try to answer it. Having tried many ways to experience, we offer the best of them.
First, provide the fetus a favorable neighborhood and be sure to cover it with a thick terry towel. Well, if the "neighbor" is the second pineapple, but if this is not possible, then red apples, ripe bananas or juicy oranges will do.
The secret of the process lies in ethylene, which is isolated by the fruits of plants when ripe. Science knows that the fruits of plants have the ability to ripen when other fruits are near them and the inflow of fresh air is limited. This is exactly how the clusters of bananas ripen and even tomatoes taken from greenish plants. Maturation can take up to one week.
Secondly, you can resort to a simpler method: wrap the pineapple with several layers of newspaper or plain thin writing paper, and then lay it on the window sill from the sunny side for three days. Invert the fruit periodically to ensure a more uniform warm-up.
To determine if the fetus ripens, conduct a simple test every day: gently pull the sheet rosette upwards. If she gave in easily, and even more so separated, then you can safely use pineapple!
Cultivation and care
To grow this exotic plant can be at home. The plant is light-loving, with a lack of sunlight will require the installation of artificial lighting, especially in the autumn-winter period. As an artificial light source is recommended to use fluorescent lamps.
Pineapple is very photophilous. It should receive sunlight for 8-10 hours a day.
Growing pineapple on the windowsill, it is necessary to create all the conditions for him. It is not recommended to rotate the pineapple, as this will slow its growth. A one sided illumination will be quite enough for a plant. If the pineapple has large leaves with light crimson colored tips, it means that it gets enough sunlight. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves of the plant become pale. If the pineapple grows in conditions of insufficient moisture, then its leaves turn brown and dry.
The soil for planting pineapple should consist of humus and sand. Orchid soil can also be used. Pineapple is a very moisture-loving plant, in the warm season its outlet should be filled with water for 2/3. Soil between watering must have time to dry. Water the plant should be soft rain water, you can also use boiled tap water, slightly acidified. Pineapple needs constant spraying, in the summer it is sprayed twice a week. Feed the plant with nitrogen fertilizers.
Pineapple slimming diets
Diet on pineapples for weight loss set. Nutritionists suggest that this product perfectly breaks down fats and can help get rid of two to three kilograms in three days.
Many are interested in the question of how truthful this statement is, and whether pineapple is truly miraculous.
As for truthfulness, the proven effect of pineapple active substance on body fat should be noted. Bromelain is able to actively break down proteins and fats, but this will be possible only if their formation in the body is not associated with hormonal changes. This suggests that a person who is prone to obesity or has a history of this disease cannot rely only on the “magic” effect of this fetus. Pineapple diet will help only those who do not have a significant excess of BMI and not ill with diseases associated with metabolic disorders.
I would like to focus on the fact that for active work in terms of burning fat, losing weight in this way a person should consume a fairly large amount of the product in the daily diet. A day will require at least two kilograms of fresh pineapple and about two liters of natural juice of this fruit. Canned food has no positive effect on the body and is only a delicacy..
Let's give some examples of unloading diets of various duration. For convenience, we systematize the data in the table.
How to make pineapple grow at home
First of all, you need to choose the right fruit. Planting requires only a ripe fruit, the top of which should be a bright green color without any spots, and the fruit itself should be yellow or brownish in color.
From the selected fruit, first of all you need to have a green tuft and dry it in the air for several days. Then it needs to be put in a container with water, which must be changed daily until the roots appear.. For fifteen days there are a lot of roots. Pineapple can be planted after the length of the roots reach two centimeters.
These plants in nature have a shallow root system, for this reason a wide low capacity is required for planting, and drainage should be put on its bottom. It is best to use as a primer a flower mixture for orchids. But a universal primer is also suitable.
The first flowering of this plant occurs about three years later.
The Indians of Latin America in ancient times found that pineapple leaves contain a large number of strong fibers, so they began to use it as a spinning culture.
In Europe, the fashion for the fabric from the fibers of pineapple leaves gained immense popularity in the nineteenth century. Pineapple fiber fabric was light, transparent, breathable, and also had a wonderful cooling effect. Interestingly, this plant is still used as a spinning crop. A rope is made from its fibers., twine and paper. Currently, there are some clothing designers who specialize in creating exclusive clothes exclusively from pineapple fabrics.
Contraindications and harm to pineapple
This fruit should be used with caution in people prone to allergies, nursing mothers and children under three years old. Also with caution these fruits It should be used by people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as ulcers, gastritis, and increased acidity of the stomach. It is also worth noting that pregnant women should not eat its unripe fruits, as this can cause uterine contractions.