One of the advantages of the flower is simplicity in care, and for this reason most gardeners use it as decoration for an apartment or a summer residence. People also call it pansies.
The number of types of viola is huge: two-color, three-color, spotty and so on. But modern gardeners increasingly prefer the viola ampelnoi. Reviews of this flower are mostly positive, flower growers note such plant qualities as cold resistance, undemanding and, of course, bright abundant blooms.
On the ampel form of the viola
An ampella viola is an annual flower belonging to the violet family. The plant bush has a spherical shape, and its height reaches twenty centimeters. The diameter of the flowers - about five centimeters. Color - monophonic or multi-colored. The ampella viola begins to bloom in early spring, and this process lasts until the first frost.
The leaves of the plant are narrow and have the shape of an oval. At the beginning of its development, the viola stretches upwards. But as soon as the flowering stage begins, the shoots begin to slowly fall down.
To grow these flowers you need to follow certain rules. The most important thing is to create the required conditions for the life of an ampelous viol:
If you follow these principles, then many problems in growing ampella viola will bypass you.
Viola Wonderfall F1 Misty Waters
On the market you can find an ampelnaya viol of various types, for example:
- Wonder Fall Golden with red wings. Ampel Viola, which looks great in a hanging basket, with shoots half a meter in length and lots of large flowers. It tolerates cold (up to minus seven degrees) and begins to bloom within 13 weeks after planting the seeds. Seedlings of a branching plant are planted in hanging tanks at the beginning of the spring period.
Wonderfall Yellow Red Wing
Viola Wonderfall Purple and Blue Shades
Viola "Pearl Falls"
Growing from seed
There is only one way to grow this plant in our difficult climate - to sow seeds for seedlings in early spring. And in the open ground it can be planted in the autumn or summer period.
Autumn sowing implies the appearance of ampella viola flowers by next spring. Start sow need by the end of summer. In autumn, the plant has time to germinate, and as soon as winter begins, the small bushes of the viola hide under the snow. After the cold weather ends in April, the bush begins to bloom.
If the florist wants to enjoy viola's flowering in the summer, then experts recommend sowing seeds for seedlings in early spring. To flower developed without problems, do not do without additional lighting. Flowering does not take long: the result will be in 60 days. This method is used for further planting seedlings in suspension tanks or soil.
If you sow the viola in June, then it will begin to bloom towards the end of summer. In winter, it will go under the snow, and bloom again in spring.
The process of growing seeds of ampelous viola
Grow a plant at home is not difficult. An excellent basis for seedlings will be a variety of drawers or pots. You can even use containers from under the yogurt.
Note! For proper seed care, before sowing, it is necessary to loosen the soil and fertilize it with minerals.
You can resort to using peat mixture: it does not require constant fertilization. The soil mix will consist of garden soil, peat and humus. Land and peat need to take an equal volume, and humus in half. Having mixed all three components, it is necessary to fill with them capacities for seedling. Now we adhere to the following plan of action:
- Moisturize the soil and plant seeds. For this, we make pits with a depth of 5 millimeters. The distance between the grooves - 2 centimeters.
- Then we sprinkle the pits with earth and close the container with a transparent film or glass. Leave in a warm place.
- Every day for ten minutes in the mornings and evenings we air the soil, removing the transparent cover.
- If the first two leaves appear, we start feeding the seedlings with the help of mineral fertilizers. Further we do it. monthly.
- Do not forget about the picking: in a month you need to arrange the future viol in separate boxes with a diameter of no more than ten centimeters.
- Use the backlight for early shoots. Lighting should last at least 14 hours a day.
Now comes the stage of planting in open ground or hanging basket. For each bush, dig a five-centimeter hole. Distance between them about ten centimeters. We drop the seedling together with the earthy lump into the recess, having previously placed two pebbles on the bottom. All this we fall asleep and pour water. In the first days we keep the plant under the shade. So we figured out the difficult question of how to grow a viola!
Viola Wonderfall Rose Shades
After planting the ampella viola, the florist may face the problem of proper further care of the flowers. In order for the viola to blossom as efficiently as possible, the following actions should be performed:
- the plant must be watered daily in moderate volume,
- we must not forget about periodic feeding Viola mineral fertilizer (at least once a month),
- need to timely remove weeds that interfere with the normal development of flowers,
- the soil must be periodically loosened,
- in winter, you should take care of the weatherization of the plant, for this you can use straw or small dry twigs, which will protect the root system from the cold,
- and finally, we note that periodically it is necessary to cut the dried ends of the plant.
Following these recommendations, you and your family will enjoy the unique aroma and beautiful flowering of ampelous viola for a long time!
Planting seeds for seedlings
Growing seedlings at home for further landing in open ground is not a difficult process. Capacity can take any. It can be pots, boxes, cups.
The soil should be loose in texture and rich in nutrients. Peat mix is well suited:
- 2 parts peat,
- 2 pieces of garden land,
- 1 part of the humus.
All components must be thoroughly mixed and distributed in containers. For seedlings to develop faster and better, there must be drainage. Next, proceed as follows:
- To plant the seeds in a moist soil, for which pits should be 5 mm each. Between the pits should remain 2 cm.
- Sprinkle the hole with soil on top and cover the container with film, creating the effect of a greenhouse. Containers clean in a warm place.
- Every morning and evening to remove the film for airing. It will be enough for 10 minutes.
- When sprouting the first two leaves, feed them with mineral fertilizer. This procedure is carried out 1 time per month.
- After 4-5 weeks, swoop down the viol in separate small containers. Their diameter should not exceed 10 cm.
- Provide seedlings with additional coverage. Plants need light at least 14 hours a day.
In May, when there will be no frosts and the soil warms up, you can plant seedlings in open ground:
- For 1 bush need planting pit 7 cm deep. Between viols keep a distance of 10-15 cm.
- At the bottom of the pits lay out the drainage. For this will be enough of a few pebbles.
- Take the plant out of the tank and lower it into the hole along with the earthy ball.
- Cover with soil, but do not tamp it.
- Be sure to water. It is important to remember that watering is carried out only at the root, avoiding falling on the foliage.
Experienced growers recommend in the first days to provide the plant with a shade so that it is better acclimatized in the new conditions.
Planting seeds in open ground
In order for the viola to grow and delight with its beauty not just one season, but several, you can plant the seeds immediately in the ground at the beginning or middle of summer.
For the cultivation of viola fit a place with a little moist soil. This place should not be very sunny. The partial shade is ideal.
Prepare the ground for planting:
- Create a drainage layer from pebbles or broken bricks
- Pour a layer of sand of 2-3 cm onto the drainage and level it,
- Then fill the soil, mixing garden soil with humus of the same volume.
After preparing the soil to begin planting seeds:
- Make shallow grooves, separating them from each other by 10 cm,
- In the grooves sow the seeds and sprinkle the earth on top,
- Well pour and sprinkle with grooves sawdust.
For the development and flowering of the ampelous viola, not only the correct fit and a good place are important. Successful cultivation will directly depend on the conditions of care.
Caring for an ampella viol will not be so difficult. It is important to observe several conditions:
- Constant loosening and wetting is important for the soil. Watering should be every day, but in moderation. Increase the amount of water can be in hot dry weather.
- It is important to remove faded buds in a timely manner for the development of new flowers.
- Feed once a month with superphosphate or ammonium nitrate. To prepare the solution, 30 g of fertilizer per square meter is used.
- With the onset of cold weather for wintering, the root system should be insulated with dry branches, spruce branches or straw.
- In the second year, the plants need to be cut, leaving the stem no more than 5 cm from the ground level.
If you grow the viol on the balcony or windowsill, the flowers should be provided with open air. At home, air and lighting are primarily important for the flower.
Amplone viola can be affected by diseases such as blackleg, gray rot, powdery mildew or spotting. When one of the diseases appears, the infected bushes are removed and the healthy ones are left.
For prevention, the plant can be treated with a solution of soda or laundry soap, after which you can use ground sulfur.
Serdy ampelny viola such popular varieties:
Wonder Fall Golden with red wings - perfect for planting in a hanging basket. Shoots grow up to 50 cm. A large number of flowers grows on a bush.
Flowering begins as early as 3 months after planting. Frost-resistant grade. Planted in pots can be in the beginning of spring.
Black waterfall - Downward hanging shoots grow up to 30 cm. The distinctive feature of the variety is bright green vegetative mass and a lot of dark purple flowers with a diameter of 5 cm. The plant feels great in partial shade and in the sun. Flowering lasts from May to September.
Pearl Falls - a variety suitable for hanging pots. Blooms white and purple flowers. Flowering - from early spring to late fall.
Properly planting the seeds and observing all the conditions for the care, the ampelous viol will delight the entire season with its beauty, ease and charm.
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Varieties and varieties
Growing nasturtium on the balconyPetunia on the balcony - options for decorating the balconyRepresented by a two-color hybrid, which was the result of the crossing of two types of viol (horned and Vittrog). These are rather tall bushes 30 cm tall and the size of flowers of bright color is 4 cm.It should also remove weeds that appear near the plant during its growth. It is also necessary to cut off the dried flowers with seeds in order for the viola to bloom to have the maximum intensity and duration. The plant requires additional feeding once a month. Top dressing consists in processing the soil with ammonium nitrate or superphosphate - these fertilizers are calculated in the proportion of 30 grams per one square meter of land.Seeds are sown in soil in February-March in the greenhouse or containers for seedlings. When it is best to plant a viola, depends on the variety and the time of its flowering. For example, early-flowering varieties should be sown in February in order to plant seedlings in open ground in April. The seeds are sown in the soil, slightly moistened with a spray bottle. Sprinkled with sand, peat, or light soils.
Grow Viola at Home
- diameter of a flower is up to 8 cm. Include varieties: Rococo (terry viola of various shades),
There are many legends and superstitions around the viola. The French consider the flower a symbol of death, and the Germans associate it with an evil stepmother. Slavs believe in the legend, according to which poor girl Anyuta fell in love with a guy from a rich family, and he left her before the wedding. Anuta died, not having reconciled herself with the loss, and beautiful flowers grew on her grave, which were called by the people - pansies. Despite the sad stories, the cultivation of this flower is practiced by gardeners around the world.
In the future, pansies, care for which also consists in loosening the soil and watering, can be periodically fed. For example, before budding, pour water with nitroammophoska dissolved in it (a tablespoon of fertilizer is taken on the bucket). Before flowering, Art. spoon superphosphate and watered. We are not lazy to remove the weeds so that they do not choke the planting.
As soon as the earth dries out, we make grooves with a depth of no more than a centimeter, and not thickly spread the seeds, sprinkle,Scientifically, this plant is divided into two types: Viola Vitrocca and Violet tricolor. The latter species has small flowers and reproduces itself perfectly by self-sowing: if you let them go, they will disperse throughout the site. But Viro Vitrokka is better to grow from seed to maintain a decorative look, bright colors and good flowering. It is she who today flaunts in modern front gardens, flowerpots and drawers on the balconies. Sprawling bushes grow in height of no more than 25-30 cm.Seeds of nasturtiums can be planted directly in balcony containers, without waiting for the sprouting of the seedlings in separate pots. Often these two methods are combined. The seedlings take root for a long time, and the seeds germinate quickly, so there won't be much difference between them. The distance between plantings in containers is 20 cm. Tanks must have drainage, otherwise excess moisture will lead to decay of already weak roots. Ampel nasturtiums are immediately planted in separate hanging pots, bypassing the seedling stage. Planting is carried out in the premises, and the flowerpot is taken out on the balcony when it is warm.
Petunia is planted in flowerpots or balcony containers at a time when the outside temperature is high enough and there are no threats of cold snaps. This is usually the beginning and middle of May. The tanks for planting should be deep and wide so that the soil in them will retain moisture for a long time. For the same purpose, a hydrogel can be added to the soil at a rate of 5: 1. The distance between adjacent shoots is 10-15 cm.
- This video covers step-by-step instructions for germinating viola seeds. Sowing is carried out in pre-soaked peat pots, which allow the germs to break through. The video sequence is accompanied by explanatory comments that facilitate the process of understanding all actions. After reviewing the video you can independently start growing flowers at home.
- The process of growing and caring for a plant is extremely simple, and careful adherence to all the rules will allow you to observe healthy and richly flowering Viola bushes in your garden. Violation of the agrotechnical process can lead to additional difficulties, such as the appearance of pests and plant diseases. Proper care of violet will not allow these difficulties to occur, carrying out a preventive effect.
- When shoots appear, the plants dive. Seeding young shoots carried out quickly to prevent thinning and pulling the stem. The distance of the picking is kept up to 20x20 cm. Often they practice planting seeds directly into separate pots. With the onset of summer, pots of seedlings are put on a balcony or flowerbed, tended as usual.
- Red charm
- Flower Viola Vittrak Swiss
- Viola is a decoration of a cottage, garden, balcony, with many colors, shapes and sizes.
- Viola is prone to over-pollination, so unexpectedly for yourself, you can suddenly become the only owner of an instance with an unusual pattern or color. In this case, you can collect the seeds and sow them next year. Collect the seeds when the box turns white or turns yellow. It is important not to miss the moment before it opens, and the seeds do not wake up on the ground. The plant is winter-hardy enough, but still winters better under a layer of spruce needles. It is impossible to cover bushes with leaves or sawdust - with frequent thaws, they just get wet.
- Covering the container with glass, you can wear a plastic bag or wrap cling film. We keep in a warm dark place until germination, we air regularly,
- У цветков виолы крупные, гофрированные или гладкие по краям лепестки, которые отличаются разнообразной сочной расцветкой. In addition, the flowers can be monotonous, with original strokes and spots of various colors: white, red, yellow, dark purple, sky blue, burgundy, etc. The most impressive group of varieties
Nasturtium is a heat-loving plant, therefore frosts and sharp temperature drops are destructive for it. For this reason, it should not be planted on the balcony until mid-May, when the threat of a decrease in temperature has passed. Disembarkation on a cloudy day.
For normal development, all that petunia requires is care, and cultivation on the balcony in this regard is no exception. Here, as well as on the street, there are pests with which it is necessary to fight, its own peculiarities of watering and feeding.
- 3 Growing Viola on the balcony
- The most common disease of viola is powdery mildew, which covers the leaves, stem and flowers of the plant, spreading white or grayish bloom on their surface. The emergence of this phenomenon is due to improper feeding, but rather processing of the plant, carried out only with the help of nitrogen fertilizers. The simplest remedy that can cure the viola for this disease is treatment of the plant with ground sulfur or household soap with soda ash.
- In April-May, viola seedlings are planted in open ground. Flowers like penumbra, but can be planted in sunny places. In the sun, the flowers grow large, but they bloom faster 2 times. Flowers of the plant are cross-pollinated, therefore varieties should be seated at a distance from each other. Basic care:
Little Red Riding Hood (bright red flowers with darkening of the middle).Dressing flower beds with viola flowersViolet Wittrock, better known as the viola or the violet tricolor - a flower-decorative culture revered among summer residents and gardeners. Pansies - such affectionate name firmly stuck to the viol in the people - are distinguished by enviable endurance, and also delight the eye with long-term flowering. However, most varieties of viola are demanding on the power of lighting, which must be considered when choosing a place for planting. In the penumbra, the viola also feels rather well, though, at the same time, her flowers are noticeably smaller.
When sprouts appear, for 5-7 days, we bring to the light and slightly open it, giving access to fresh air,
Growing viola from seeds.
Despite the fact that the nasturtium is light-requiring, direct sunlight can harm it, so it is undesirable to grow it on the south side. From the north side, where the shadow is almost always, it feels rather well, but it blooms worse. In addition, this fragile plant is afraid of strong winds, so it is better not to grow it on open balconies and on the upper floors. It is more suitable for loggias or fully glazed structures.
Petunia loves moisture, so it should be watered regularly, not allowing the soil to dry completely, but not to flood it. Excessive watering and stagnation of water can lead to rotting of the root system and the subsequent death of the plant itself. If the water is poorly absorbed, you need to loosen the ground and let it dry. However, completely dry soil leads to disruption of petunia growth, as well as the direct rays of the sun, so everything here should be in moderation. The frequency of watering depends in particular on the capacity in which the plant grows. Flowers in flowerpots are watered more often than in containers or boxes. In hot weather in the morning or in the evening it is desirable to spray the plant. The frequency and abundance of the main irrigation is determined depending on the weather and soil condition.
Biennial viola culture
Growing petunias on a balcony requires light, so it should be done on the sunny side, oriented south, southwest, or southeast. The rest of the petunia unpretentious, so that its cultivation and care for her are not particularly complex.
In order to destroy the pests that love to eat the leaves of the viola, namely the caterpillars, you should spray the plant with chlorophos or with the prepared tincture of tobacco.
The specifics of growing seedlings
Among the variety of varieties of violets Wittrock the most popular are plants that meet the following requirements:
Violet Wittrock does not tolerate drought, so the flowering of plants in the absence of watering usually does not occur. Waterlogging, by the way, the viola also does not like - in this case, the plant is at risk of dying due to the disease of the "black leg". In order to avoid stagnation of irrigation water, well drained sections should be placed under the viol. The soil should be moisture and air permeable, with a good mechanical structure.
Every week we feed the seedlings with a weak solution of any floral fertilizer. We periodically water the dried earth, but remember that the viola is prone to a black leg when over-wetting,
Characterized by very strong flowering and corrugated petals with a border. No less delicious
The soil in a flowerpot or common container should be moderately moist and in no case over dried. To remove excess moisture is arranged drainage. Before the appearance of the buds, the plant is watered abundantly, and then the watering is reduced. To improve flowering fading flowers break before they fall off themselves.
Balcony decoration with petunia, nasturtium, viol
Most often, this plant is selected by the appearance of the flowers, which are its main decoration. They are white, pink, bright red, burgundy, purple and even two-tone, their petals can be ordinary, with fringe at the edges or terry. They differ in size.
What are the types and varieties of viola
(Large flowers of different colors).
- Have a spectacular color
- Many practice cultivating the viola in a 2-year crop, sowing seeds in open ground during the summer, or rather, in June - July. After 1 - 2 weeks, as a rule, shoots appear, and in August, grown seedlings are planted in a permanent place. Such plants bloom only in the spring of the next year, but in terms of the duration and pomp of flowering, they will give odds seedlings grown from seedlings.
- Picked up already with two true leaves, moving the seedlings into individual cups,
Feed nasturtium need to start flowering at the stage of vegetative development. As fertilizer, complex fertilizers are used, which are diluted with water. The frequency of watering is 1 time per week. It is better not to use nitrogenous fertilizers - they reduce the intensity of flowering, to increase the number of flowers, phosphoric components are used. An affordable and effective way of feeding is fertilizing with ashes, which stimulates the appearance of buds. To prepare a nutrient mixture, 10 g or 5 teaspoons of ash are diluted in 1 liter of water. You need to use it before flowering, after which feeding stops.
Like any other plant, petunia needs periodic feeding. For this, potash fertilizers are used to improve flowering. You need to feed the plant every two weeks, alternating between root and foliar top dressing. Stimulators are used to increase resistance to temperature changes, as well as to improve the appearance.
- Petunia on the balconyAmpella viol
Viola horned flowerAltona
Adapted to the climateGarden beds with pansies planted during the summer period are insulated for the winter with straw, fallen leaves or spruce leaves, which protects the root system from freezing in the event of severe frosts.
At the end of April, the seedlings are tempered - “walking” on the street or balcony,
With a diameter of flowers up to 10 cm.
Distinguish between early flowering and late flowering plants. There are species that bloom throughout the summer - horned and tricolor violet. By the spring flower stalks include the Altai viola, Klobuchkovaya, Labrador. By late-flowering plants carry a graceful viol.
Growing viola through seedlings is often the only way to grow in regions with severe winters, where large-flowered varietal plants do not have the slightest chance of wintering in open ground. Cultivating the same viola as a houseplant also fails because of the requirements for luminous intensity. In this case, it would be necessary to illuminate the Pansies not with fluorescent, but with mercury lamps, which consume a lot of electricity, which is not economically feasible.
Planting seeds in the ground
What soil to prepare for seedlings
Growing these gentle creatures at home is not at all problematic: they have a docile and not capricious character. Seeds are usually used for propagation. To determine the time for sowing, it is necessary to determine your desire to see the first flowers. Experts advise growing the viola as an annual or biennial, because it is then that it has the most attractive appearance and is notable for its luxuriant bloom.
- Viola is a magnificent plant that can tolerate frost perfectly, loves moisture, and feels great in loose and fertile soil. You can learn about how to grow the viol on the balcony and start acting.
- Signs of chlorosis are yellowed leaves. In case of their appearance, the plant is treated with special preparations, which include iron chelate. Black leg affects mainly seedlings of petunia, and to combat it, it is enough to simply reduce watering. Mealy dew is characterized by the appearance of spots on the leaves. In this case, the infected leaves are removed, and the plant is sprayed with Topaz fungicide. As a preventive measure, spraying is repeated once every three weeks.
Viola is the perfect decoration for any flower garden, having a huge range of colors and shapes. Often the plant is planted in pots for home gardening, which can be broken on the balcony or windowsill.
Violet Wittrock loves loamy soil, well fed and constantly wet. The plant does not tolerate:
How to plant viola seeds
Trimardo Flower (Viola Wittrock)
When growing viola seedlings, it is possible to limit light exposure to ordinary fluorescent lamps, but special lighting fixtures, such as phyto lamps, are more suitable for these purposes. Without additional lighting can not do, since sowing seeds viola on seedlings preferably in December - February, then there is a guarantee that the plants bloom in the year of planting. It is necessary to organize the illumination of plants in such a way that the length of daylight hours is at least 14 - 16 hours. And even in this case, seedlings are often drawn out. The growth of seedlings can be limited with the aid of the growth regulator Alar, while it is sufficient to carry out 1 - 2 treatments with the preparation.
Planting and care
To achieve abundant and long flowering in the spring in the second year, you can sow the seeds of the previous summer: the plant will have time to accumulate enough power. By the way, quite often violas are grown in both cases through seedlings, because then the risk that the seeds will dry out and not germinate will almost halve. However, if the soil in the flower bed is loose, then it is safe to sow in June-July immediately into open ground:
- Want to bloom in the same year - sow in the last days of January or in February for seedlings. Achieve early spring flowering in the second year will help planting seeds in the ground in June. If you sow earlier - in May, the bushes can grow and bloom in the fall, which is bad for spring flowering. That is, in the first case, you will receive an annual plant, and in the second - a biennial.
- The height of viola bushes varies often 15-40 cm, which is beautifully decorated with large flowers of seven centimeters in diameter. Often this magnificent plant begins to please the eye from spring to the very cold, depending on the variety.
- In the summer, petunia is always on the balcony, and since the beginning of autumn, when the air temperature is already noticeably decreasing, it is being prepared for wintering. To do this, the stems with the largest and most beautiful flowers are transplanted into separate containers, and too long shoots are cut. Plants are brought into the room and left for the whole winter on the windowsill. Under such conditions, their growth slows down, and in spring, with the arrival of heat, it resumes again. Next year, you no longer have to sow seedlings again - it is enough to transplant last year's sprouts into balcony containers.
Planting and growing viola at home
Given the fact that the viola is a perennial violet that starts blooming very early, you can enjoy the wonderful aroma and appearance of the plant when nature outside the window is just beginning to wake up. Посадка растения не представляет собой особо сложный и высокотехнический процесс, поскольку этот цветок достаточно хорошо приживается в фактически любых условиях.
Как посадить цветок семенами и рассадой
В пределах видов по преобладающим оттенкам, размеру цветка, формеразличают подвиды и сорта виолы Виттрока. Наиболее популярными сортогруппами являются:
Дружное прорастание семян виолы отмечается при температуре от 18 до 20 °C. Отклонение температурного оптимума, как в сторону снижения, так и в сторону повышения, негативно отражается на времени прорастания. If the seeds germinate within 5 to 14 days if the recommended temperature is observed, then when raising the mercury column to 23 ° C, the emergence of seedlings can be delayed up to one month. After emergence of shoots the temperature is recommended to be reduced to 12 - 15 ° C.
Proper care: watering and feeding
Viola on the balcony - growing
The peculiarity of the nasturtium is the underdeveloped root system, which contributes to its cultivation precisely at home, where there are no strong winds, and watering can be regulated. On the balconies, this plant begins to bloom earlier than on the street, which is also a plus.
Possible diseases and pests
The first two species have a strong stem that grows upwards, so they decorate the shelves or the floor. They are planted in containers or large pots and arranged so that they fall the sun's rays. Ampel petunia is the most popular decoration of balcony walls and parapets, which has flexible thin stems growing down. It is this view that creates the effect of a flowery waterfall flowing from a balcony fence that looks so beautiful from the side. For a harmonious design of a balcony or loggia, you can combine different varieties and colors of petunias.
This is a plant that is planted in two ways - seedling or seed. Cultivation from seeds can be carried out directly into the soil in the open air, by sowing, bypassing the steps for preliminary germination of seeds. On a furrow the size of one meter is supposed to sow about fifty to sixty seeds. For this, it is necessary to locate the pits at a distance of about five centimeters from the previous ones, dropping three seeds in each. Before sowing, the seeds can be immersed for some time in a container filled with zircon or epin.
Types and varieties of viola - description with photo
Lack of sun(Dark blue flower),"Trimardo"
Viola tolerates a decrease in temperature up to 5 ° C, which somewhat slows down the development of plants, but at the same time, the seedlings are not so stretched when the light is not strong enough.It is better to priten the garden bed so that the soil does not dry out (you can build a canopy or just stick branches with leaves next to it),Not everyone can and know
If you plant the seeds of viola in late February - early March, the flowering can be seen already in the same year. Seeds should not be covered with soil when planting; it is better to press down the moist soil. Seed containers are covered with foil and set in a warm place to germinate.Nasturtium can be curly or ampel. The first one has rather long stems reaching up to 2 meters in length, and the second shoots are less long - up to 30 cm. There are also dwarf varieties in the form of small bushes, which are about 15 cm tall. They are usually planted in separate flowerpots, but not in common containers. Growing nasturtium on the balcony has a number of features due to its fragility, but with proper care, it will please the owners with wonderful flowers that bloom throughout the summer season.
When buying seeds in a store or in a market, you must look at the expiration date indicated on the package. The fresher they are, the better the plant will grow and bloom.- This is a wild plant, represented by small bushes that grow up to 15 centimeters in height. Mostly bushes are covered with small flowers with shades of blue, yellow and white flowers.Seeds need to be laid to a depth of half a centimeter, after which the filled wells are sprinkled with dry, grated earth, and then lightly sprinkled with water. It is desirable to sprinkle the surface with sawdust in order to preserve the soil moisture for a longer time. After a week, the first shoots will begin to make their way, which it is desirable to tighten on top of the film, thereby protecting the young shoots from external exposure. After three weeks the blackout material can be removed.
Fresh organic fertilizer.Bambini
Growing petunias at home
After the pair of true leaves grows, the seedlings dive, not forgetting to reduce the central root by a third. Planting flowers on a permanent place is carried out according to the scheme 25 × 25 cm.
How to grow pansies at home
It is important! Ventilate containers daily to remove condensate.
Selection of petunia seeds
Nasturtium on the balcony
- Preparation of seedlings of petunias
- The most popular type of viola is
- Growing seedlings as easy at home, observing the minimum technology for the care of young seedlings. First you need to prepare special pots of pressed peat, which should be immersed in water for a few minutes to saturate them with moisture. After soaking the seeds are immersed in pots, no more than three pieces in one container. A week later, the seedlings must be transferred to a new soil, and after another three weeks, the pick is repeated. The seedling will be ready for transferring it to the open soil in a half or two months. At a permanent place of growth seedlings should be located at a distance of 25 centimeters from each other.
For a flower suitable substrate of loamy soil with the addition of mature humus. The soil for planting is drained, loosened, without adding humus, fertilized with ammonium nitrate or superphosphate.
(The characteristic difference is the presence of a yellow spot with highlighted veins, see photo).
Hemalis Flower (Viola Wittrock)
Viola seeds are sown on the surface of the moistened substrate, sprinkled with a layer of vermiculite. Before the emergence of shoots containers must be covered with a lid of translucent material or a layer of plastic film.
Remember that the plant should not bloom, so when the appearance of the buds they need to be cut off.
, And therefore buy expensive seedlings in pots on the market or in stores. But why spend money if the viol of any sort you like can be grown on your own as an annual.
In a week or two you will see the first shoots, which then will need to be transplanted into larger containers. This landing should be carried out closer to the summer.
- The one-year viola ampelnaya is the one-year violet family.
- The spherical bush grows up to 20 cm in height.
- The flowers are solid or multi-colored, and their diameter is 4-5 cm.
- Flowering begins in the spring and lasts until frost.
- The leaves are oval and narrow.
- In the initial phase of development, the viola stretches upwards.
- During flowering shoots descend gradually.
- When growing viola, you need to maintain proper lighting and temperature.
- Requires quality soil.
Sowing time ampella viola
Sowing from seed to seedlings - The only way to grow in a harsh climate. Seeds are sown in open soil in autumn and summer, while seedlings are planted in spring.
With autumn sowing, the plant will bloom next year. Seeds begin to sow in late August - early September. In autumn, the ampelous viola manages to ascend, with the arrival of winter the young bushes go under the snow. In the middle of spring is flowering.
To bloom occurred the very first summer, the seedlings are sown in early March. Additional lighting is recommended for proper development. Color begins after two months., along with other annuals. This method of cultivation is resorted to with the further planting of seedlings in open soil, boxes, pots, etc.
If you sow the seeds in open ground in early summer, the flower will bloom in mid-August. In the winter it will go under the snow with flowers, with the arrival of spring it will bloom again.
Grow a flower at home is not difficult. For receiving seedlings the most different capacities are used. Before sowing the seeds, the soil is prepared. It should be nutritious and loose. It is desirable to use a peat substrate. In the future, do not need to make fertilizer. The soil mixture will be: garden soil, peat, humus (2: 2: 1). The components are thoroughly mixed, the containers for seedlings are filled with the substrate.
For quality seedlings, drainage is created in the tank. The soil is slightly moistened, and only then seeds are sown in it. To begin with, small indentations of 3-6 mm are made into which the seeds are laid 1-2 cm apart. Moisturize the earth. Then comes the dusting of the grooves with earth. Capacities are covered with a film and placed in a warm place. Every day, 10 minutes in the morning and in the evening, the ground is aired - the film opens. Thanks to this, the fungus can be prevented
With the advent of two sheets You can feed the seedlings with any mineral fertilizer. Next, the flower is fed monthly. At the same time, begin picking. Then the plants are seated after a month in separate containers, whose diameter should be no more than 10 cm. If you dive into large boxes, there must be a distance of at least 6 cm between the colors.
Since sowing is done early, shoots “light up” using fluorescent lamps or special fitolamps. The optimal duration of illumination is 14-16 hours. In May, after frosts, it is transplanted into open soil. Seedlings are planted in late spring, when the earth warms up a little.
The main stages of the landing in open ground:
- For each bush dug a hole 5-7cm deep.
- The distance between the holes - about 10-15cm.
- A couple of pebble stones are placed on the bottom, and the seedlings are lowered with an earthy clod.
- Backfilling with earth, watering.
The earth is not compacted, the plant is watered only at the root, so that the water does not fall on the sheets. If you bring a plant for a few days, it will take root faster.
Sowing seeds in open ground
So that beautiful fragrant flowers appear every summer, grow a biennial or perennial flower, if planting is done in June or July in the ground.
To begin to determine the place of cultivation. Viola prefers loamy slightly moist soil. The place is selected with a slight shade. When placed in the shade, the petals will be pale and of small diameter.
In the shade, a plant blooms twice as long as plants in a sunny location.
Drainage can be pebbles or broken bricks. 2-3cm of sand is poured onto the drainage layer and leveled. Then the ground is filled up (a mixture of an equal amount of garden soil and humus).
Small grooves are made at a distance of not less than 10 cm from each other, seeds are sown in them. Next, the seeds are sprinkled with a little earth, and the soil is moistened. To save the level of humidity, the grooves are filled with sawdust. Appeared sprouts priyatyayutsya from the bright sun. For this purpose, a dark film is used or tree branches are stuck near the flowerbed.
The abundance of flowering depends and from the correct location, and from leaving after landing at a permanent place.
Especially this method is important for the cultivation of valuable varieties of the flower, as it does not mix different varieties. Reproduction by cuttings rejuvenates the viola, because from the third year of life, it grows strongly, and the colors become less, and they shrink. In addition, this method allows you to collect a lot of planting material for the season. One flower, for example, gives up to 45 cuttings, that is, almost 50 future flowers.
Cutting can be carried out from May to July. Here are suitable plantsthat are in the flowering phase. To ensure that grafting is successful, follow these guidelines:
- Choose a suitable place for planting cuttings. More suitable sites under the trees, where there is shade and enough moisture.
- Dig up a little bed and water it abundantly.
- On an adult plant, select the appropriate cuttings and cut them.
- Used only green apical shoots, with two or three nodes.
- Plant the cuttings on the bed, deepening them by 0.5 cm.
- The cuttings should be tightly attached to each other so that the sheets touch each other.
- To prevent wilting and quicker rooting, seedlings are covered with a damp cloth or paper.
The following are some easy care: daily watering and weeding of young plantings. After 3-4 weeks you will see the fruits of your labor - almost every cutting will take root. If you want the bloom to be in the same year, conduct cuttings in May-June. At later flowering will be in the spring of next year., although much more abundant.
After rooting cuttings, they can be transplanted to a permanent place of growth. When late grafting young plants in flower beds are better not to transfer, but leave for wintering while covering the foliage.
- The plant is basically unpretentious, but it should be loosened and moistened regularly.
- Watering is done daily, moderately. In sunny, hot weather watering is needed abundant.
- Faded flowers are removed in a timely manner so that the flowering does not stop before the deadline.
- Adult plants are fed monthly by ammonium nitrate or superphosphate. For 1 m² you need about 30g of fertilizer.
- To preserve the root system in winter frosts, it is recommended that we insulate with straw, spruce branches, dry branches, etc.
- In the second year after planting is pruned. Stalks are kept up to 5 cm in length from ground level.
- When growing a house on windowsills or on balconies, the window should always be open.
- To home flowering was abundant, the plant is required to provide fresh air and sufficient lighting.
Viola can cause such illnesses:
- powdery mildew,
- gray rot
Affected bushes are removed from the root, and healthy ones are left. For prevention, the bushes are recommended to be treated with soda solution or a solution based on soap, and then sprinkled with ground sulfur.
Growing ampella viola requires patience at all stages. Subject to our recommendations flower all summer will bloom in your country plot or balcony!
Viola as a perennial plant
If you want the plants to live for several years, you need to conduct a short pruning of overgrown and lost decorative bushes, leaving no more than 5 cm from the root. After this procedure, the plants are fertilized.
If you follow these simple recommendations you can achieve abundant flowering viola for several years.
Growing by grafting
A very simple and effective way of propagating the viola is cutting, carried out in open ground. In late May - early June, young green shoots are cut from adult bushes, planted in a dark place with high density and shallow depth.
The cuttings take root actively in 3.5 weeks, and by the end of the summer they will already bloom. If cutting is carried out later in June, the viola will bloom only the next year in spring. The method of propagation by cuttings does not allow viola bushes to grow excessively, rejuvenation occurs, contributing to more rapid flowering. In one summer season, one adult plant can produce about 40 cuttings. This breeding method is used for especially valuable varieties.
Growing self seeding
When the plant fades, a three-capsule boll is formed. If the faded parts of the plant are removed in time, the viola will continue to bloom. Otherwise, the seeds ripen, they independently disperse and sprout the next year. The plant dies at the same time, only a dried bush remains from it.
The beds can be cleared of seedlings, transplanting them to other places in the garden. Samosev does not give such excellent results of flowering, as other methods of growing viola, but can facilitate the work of the gardener. Signs of varieties with self-seeding will not be able to save, so you should try to observe the distance between the different sort of planting viola at least 100 m.
Character viola: what conditions are necessary for growth and flowering?
If you want to know how to grow a viola, then pay attention to its nature.
Pansies - a problem-free plant that blooms profusely on balconies and flower beds
Viola is not capricious, but you need to be able to find an approach to it. Viola care involves compliance with the following factors:
1. Lighting and temperature
Abundant flowering viola is possible only with good lighting. Positively, it relates to diffused sunlight and direct rays. But! In everything there should be a measure. If the summer in your area is hot, then the viola will fade in the midday sun. The viola is favorably disposed towards the spring midday rays, and the summer rays are too hot for it. Therefore, if a hot summer is predicted, do not plant the viol on open sunny areas. Southern balconies are also not suitable. Rather, the viola will grow and even bloom, but only before the onset of heat, on average - until July. Later on the bushes will have to get rid of, as their decorativeness will disappear (there will be no flowering, the leaves will turn yellow and dry).
The best place for pansies - sunny areas, but with shading in the midday hours. Morning or evening direct sunshine will only be beneficial. That is, ideally for viols need half-shade, with a lot of ambient light. In this case, the leaves until the autumn remain juicy, green, do not fade. Flowers do not shrink (this often happens when growing viola in the shade, without direct sunlight). You will get a reliable result of cultivation by planting a viol in the open shadow of a young tree. Or near any screen (fence, bush, flower plantings), casting a shadow on the viol at midday hours. Also fit western and eastern balconies.
Viola grown in partial shade
Viola develops well in cool. Идеальные температуры для нее 10-25°C. Выдерживает она, без потери декоративности, и кратковременный холод до 3-5°C. А вот жара действует на виолу плохо, поэтому часто в жаркое лето (особенно при выращивании на солнечных участках) наступает перерыв в цветении. Вторая волна цветения в этом случае возможна, но только осенью.
Viola does not tolerate long drying. Therefore, it is necessary to water it often, without waiting until the ground near the roots turns into stone. But the swamps should not be raised! Viola is very demanding on the amount of moisture consumed. With its excess, the roots of the plant begin to rot and rot, the viola dies.
In order for the viola to bloom all summer, it needs regular feeding. When growing viola on the balcony, that is, in greenhouses, it is necessary to fertilize the soil every week. If the flowers grow in open ground (on the plot), the frequency of fertilization can be reduced to 1 time in 3-4 weeks.
Viola: landing and care at home
Viola at home is best developed on open sunny balconies. Worse - on the glazed balconies and loggias. Some growers manage to grow viols even on window sills, but in this case it is necessary that the window be constantly open. The presence of a large amount of light and fresh air is an indispensable component for the cultivation of any garden plant.
Planting viola at home is carried out in flower pots, balcony boxes. Ampelnye form - in hanging baskets, pots, tall vases on the leg. Any container selected should have drainage holes.
The amuel varieties of Viola look spectacular in hanging baskets.
Since the roots of viols are prone to rotting, special attention should be paid to a good drainage layer during planting. To do this, a layer of drainage material (claydite, brick shards, foam) at least 2-3 cm thick is poured at the bottom of the selected container. The soil is poured in from above - it should be loose, moisture-proof and breathable.
Keep a distance of 10-15 cm between the viola, otherwise strong instances will oppress the weak and force them out of the composition.
Seedlings viola planted at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, while for each instance of the plant should be allocated at least 1-2 liters of soil.
When growing viols in closed ground, you need to monitor the regularity of watering. Hot summer days watering should be carried out 2 times a day - in the morning and in the evening.
The first feeding is made 2 weeks after transplantation into the ground. Then it is necessary to fertilize the viola at home every week. Any mineral complex fertilizers for flowering plants are suitable for fertilizers.
During hot days, a viola in a pot can lose its decorative appearance. Most often, the stems turn yellow and dry, the bush falls apart, flowering becomes less plentiful, the flowers grow dull and shrink in size. Then the viola must be cut. Usually it is shortened to half the length of the stems. But if the bush has already lost any decorative value, pruning can be done dramatically, leaving 5-6 cm from the branches (leaves must be left on them!). After 2-2.5 weeks, the bush viola will overgrow with young shoots and bloom.
Viola trimming and subsequent flowering: “before and after” photo
Pansies: care in the open field
In the garden, viola seedlings are planted at the end of spring, when the threat of night frost is over. Although the viola is a cold-resistant plant, its seedlings are too tender. Especially the one that is grown at home. Therefore, it is better not to risk and to time the planting of seedlings to warm and sunny spring days.
The distance between viola bushes is 10-15 cm. It is useful to throw a handful of baking powder (vermiculite, perlite, sand) into each hole dug under the plant, especially if the ground is dense on the site.
Top dressing for viols growing in the garden can be applied 1 time in 1-4 weeks. On some soils, flowers require fertilizer every week, on others - once a month. It depends on the initial fertility of the soil.
Viola in the open ground
Viola in winter: a few nuances about viola wintering
In winter, the viola growing in the garden should preferably be covered with spruce branches or dry leaves, and in early spring it should be opened so that there is no burning out. Flowering plants of the second year of life begins in April, at the same time as crocuses.
In a different way, viols grown indoors are overwhelmed. Usually their life cycle ends in the fall, with the onset of frost. However, if there is a desire to save the plant for the next year, then why not? You can proceed in accordance with one of two options:
Option number 1. Viola dig from pots, planted in the ground in August and September. Before frost, the plant will have time to take root and acclimatize. 2-3 weeks before the alleged frosts, it is advisable not to let such violas bloom so as not to weaken them. For the winter should cover plants with spruce leaves or leaves.
Option number 2. Store the violin pot in a cool, bright room. For example, on a warmed balcony or a veranda. The optimum wintering temperature is 5-15 ° C. In spring, the preserved uterine bushes are grafted and new young plants are grown.
Transfer to containers
Like petunia, nasturtium is grown from seedlings that are sown in March-April. Before sowing, seeds are soaked in water and left for a day, and then tucked into the ground to a depth three times larger than their size. The soil should be moderately moist, for irrigation using warm water. After sowing, the seed containers are covered with glass or polyethylene, forming a kind of greenhouse.
How to grow petunia on the balcony? It can multiply vegetatively or by seed. So that the plant could please the owners with its flowers at the beginning of summer, it is grown through seedlings. It is necessary to sow it in early March in the previously prepared and heated soil. The soil consists of equal parts of the garden soil and the purchase mix, according to the consistency it should be loose and airy. A container with the soil a month before sowing put in a warm place so that it warms up.
In order for the flowers of viola to please and the next year, sowing should be resorted to at the end of summer (in July or August). Planting in the winter suggests mulching and a plant will delight in stunning beauty with blooming flowers already in March.
The latest development of breeders is growing seedlings at home on peat tablets. Peat is ideal for viola, as it does not trap moisture, keeps heat, contains nutrients. Growing violets in peat tablets provides a high survival rate of seedlings, drainage, nutrients and soil moisture. To grow garden beauty in peat pots from seeds, you need to soak the tablets in water. When the peat swells, put the seeds on top and slightly cover with soil. (see video)
Good drainage is an important condition for growing strong and healthy seedlings.
How and when to plant pansies, we figured out, and now a few words about leaving. Viola is quite unpretentious, but will fully show its charm only under optimal conditions. For example, under the scorching sun the bush may burn, and in the penumbra the flowers lose their brightness and shrink. It is advisable to fertilize the soil before planting seedlings with compost, rotted manure at the rate of 5 kg per "square". Mind you
Growing nasturtium at home
Viola is a sun-loving plant, but in the shade it can also perfectly feel itself. But you need to know if you have a balcony on the north side and the sun practically does not fall, then the flowering will not be very abundant, and the color of the flowers will not be so bright.
Since the root system of nasturtium is very weak and is close to the surface, it is desirable to sow the seedlings in containers from which the sprout can be easily removed along with the earthy ball. This will protect the fragile plant from damage and allow you to land it in a common container without any problems. As such containers are used peat or other pots, in which there is a removable bottom. Such pots should be shallow and wide enough.
Petunia seeds are sown in a moistened soil, after which the container is closed on top with polyethylene or glass, creating the effect of a greenhouse and letting the sunlight through. The container itself is placed on the window sill of the south-oriented window (if possible), so that the plant receives the maximum light. In such conditions, the moisture will not evaporate, and inside create comfortable conditions for the germination of sprouts.
. This is the very garden violet, which is so fond of growing in country houses and flowerbeds. This variety was obtained by crossing several species of violets to produce the perfect flower.
If you want flowers to start pleasing already in the first year after planting with their flowering, then you need to start growing seedlings in February in order to transplant the shoots into the soil by the end of March.
Transfer to balcony containers
In the home, seed germination is carried out in a dark place, covered with polyethylene to create the effect of a greenhouse.
Winter varieties: Helios (lemon color), Himelsenginin (sky blue hue), Jupiter (red-purple flowers with white upper petals), Mars (blue hue with darkening of the middle), Nardpol (white).
Starting at 5 weeks of age, viola seedlings can be dived into pots with a diameter of about 10 cm. It is advisable to grow seedlings in unheated greenhouses.
Fresh manure can not stand the flower
Used tanks for seedlings are carefully washed, remove plaque on the walls and scald with boiling water with soda,
At the end of the summer, the viola can be swooped down and landed at a permanent place of flowering. In this case, the color will delight you next week.
After two weeks, the first shoots appear. Seedlings throughout the growth should periodically harden, if the weather permits. To do this, on sunny, warm days, the pots are taken out to the balcony for several hours.
After the appearance of all the germs of glass or polyethylene is removed. At this time, you need to monitor the condition of the soil, so that it does not dry out. When leaves appear on the stems, the plants are transplanted from a common container in separate containers. To do this, you can use ordinary plastic cups with a hole made in the bottom to remove excess moisture. 3-4 glasses are planted in each glass.
Growing Viola on the balcony
Due to the special structure and position of the root system of the flower, attention should be paid to caring for the plant, keeping the soil moist and loose. The fact is that the roots of the viola are at a depth of only 20 centimeters, for this reason it is necessary to water the plant from time to time. However, in summer, if it is not dry, natural irrigation through rain will be sufficient.
Growing delicate violet begins in January-February, depending on the variety. To grow the viola from seed will take several months of painstaking daily care for fragile seedlings. Seeds harvested from August. After flowering, small boxes are formed, which dry up as the seeds ripen. Should hurry to boxes are not cracked. A sign of ripe seeds is turning the box up. Collected grains are cleaned, dried and stored in the refrigerator.
When the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, the viol is planted in a permanent place in the open ground, shading at first from direct sunlight.
The land is preferably light but fertile. It is best to buy soil in the store and mix it with sand and garden soil (1: 1: 2). By all means spill fungicide for disinfection,
Viola is also grown from parts of stems and cuttings. Such breeding is resorted to because of valuable varieties. Cutting can be done the whole summer. In this case, the cuttings should root in a shaded place, the roots will appear in 3-4 weeks.
The soil for the nasturtium is chosen loose and light, suitable loamy and sandy soil without nitrogen impurities. The presence of the latter leads to a reduction in the number of flowers and active growth of the stems.