- How to destroy Medvedka on the site
- How to deal with Medvedka in the country
- Medvedka: how to fight. Effective ways to fight
Medvedka loves to gnaw tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, cabbage. After that, the plants dry out and are easily pulled out of the soil. If you do not destroy this insect, you can stay without a potato crop.
In the fight with Medvedka various bait-poisons are effective. They need to be buried in the ground at a depth of 2-3 cm. You can not only buy the bait, but also make it yourself:
- Wheat grains to steam and mix with zinc, wait until cool.
- Mix 1 kg of bran and Parisian herbs.
It is important to know that this method is dangerous, because pets and birds can eat the bait.
Folk ways to deal with Medvedka
There are plants and flowers that repel insects. When planting seedlings bury to a depth of 3-4 cm sprigs of chrysanthemum. The insect does not tolerate coniferous smell. Branches of pine laid out between the beds, and before harvesting you will not find a single Medvedka.
You can also use crushed egg shells mixed with sunflower oil. The pest will not tolerate such a mixture and will die.
Other ways to deal with Medvedka
The insect does not tolerate the smell of laundry detergent, so we dissolve it in water (4 tablespoons of laundry detergent per 10 liters of water) and pour mink. You can simply pour mink cold water. The pest crawls out.
There is a tricky way to prevent the breeding of the bear in the spring. To do this, in the fall you need to put manure in a small hole and mix it with vegetable tops. Bears will climb there, lay eggs and will want to spend the winter in a manure pit. With the onset of the first frost, manure must be scattered on the ground and insects will die. You can leave the pit as it is, but in the spring pour it with kerosene and burn it.
Chemical means well help in the fight against Medvedka, their great variety (medvetoks, prestige, phenoxin plus, etc.). You can choose the one you like best in terms of efficiency.
What is afraid Medvedka. Pest control methods
Medvedka - insect length of 35-50 mm, with short leathery elytra and front digging legs. It lives in the soil and only occasionally appears on the surface. In the evening and night time makes flights. Swims well In the warm season, holes are made near the surface, and winter holes reach a depth of 50-100 cm.
Mass output is observed at a temperature of 12-15 ° C. After mating, which occurs underground, the females build a nest. Egg-laying consists of 100-350 or more eggs. Embryonic development lasts 10-20 or more days. Normal egg development requires 100% moisture.
The larvae of the bear after the release of the eggs remain in the nest under the protection of the female for 2-3 weeks. Damages the underground parts of various plants (cabbage, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, etc.). Shoots dry out, damaged plants are easily pulled from the soil. In root vegetable crops and potato tubers, the bear squirts out large cavities, also damages the seeds, gnaws and tears the roots.
At the end of September it is necessary to dig holes up to 0.5 m deep, fill them with manure (preferably horse) with straw. Medvedka going in the pits. Late in the autumn or winter they are excavated, scattered manure and the bears die from the cold. Medvedku can be caught in a half-liter jars filled with 2/3 of the water, dug into the soil at the surface level in places of mass accumulation of insects. At the beginning of the growing season (at the end of May and during June) 2-3 rows between the rows are loosened to a depth of 10-15 cm, dug eggs and larvae die.
When planting vegetable seedlings (tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, etc.), you can use 1-1.5-liter plastic bottles. The upper and lower parts are cut, the rest is cut into several parts up to 10-15 cm high. Then these parts are placed in the ground so that at least 5 cm above the surface where the seedlings are planted remain. It is possible in early May to lay out the bait from fresh manure, into which the pest crawls for the device of burrows and egg laying, and after 3-4 weeks the bait heaps are viewed, the bear and eggs are destroyed.
Medvedka is also dying from eating baits from egg shell powder moistened with sunflower oil, which is buried in the ground. Plants are not damaged by a bear if you put a clove of garlic before planting in the hole.
In the fall, you can use a mixture of water with kerosene (100 g per 10 liters of water), which is poured into the pest holes at the rate of 30 g each.
Medvedka is frightened by marigolds sown between vegetable crops, as well as green alder branches placed at a distance of 1.5 m, which are replaced from time to time by fresh ones. In addition, disastrous for the bear there is a solution of washing powder, which is poured into the mink.
In summer, the area inhabited by the Medvedka can be watered with an infusion of onion peel at the rate of 900 g of husk and onion waste, filled with 10 liters of warm water and infused for 4-5 days. Then, before use, the infusion is diluted with water (1: 5) and the plants are watered after rain 2-3 times in 5-7 days; in the absence of rain, the area is watered. Also used infusion of chicken manure at the rate of 2 kg per 10 liters of water. After thorough mixing and dilution with water (1: 5), pour dry soil over it. In the soil fertilized with chicken droppings, the pest does not live.
To repel bears you can use sand moistened with kerosene at the rate of one cup per bucket of sand. At the same time, sand is poured out on the ground, it is poured with kerosene, carefully perepepachivatsya for 5-10 minutes, and then crumbles in the area with transplanted seedlings (0.25-0.5 liters per 1 m2).
Radical measures to combat Medvedka
The most radical measure to combat Medvedka is the use of chemicals. For this, the roots of cabbage seedlings, tomatoes, eggplants, sweet peppers, before planting in open ground, are moistened in a suspension of the aktar 25 WG preparation (1.5 g / l water per 250 plants) at a temperature of 18-23 ° C and an exposure time of 90-120 minutes.
To protect potatoes, tomatoes, cabbage from Medvedka, use Medvedtox-U (300 g per 1 weave) by introducing into the furrows 3-4 cm deep along the perimeter or between the beds, followed by sprinkling with soil and watering at a rate of 10 l / m2 after planting tubers or seedlings.
The roots of seedlings of tomatoes, pepper, eggplant, cabbage can also be soaked in a suspension of prestige 290 FS (100 ml per 10 liters of water at an exposure of 6-8 hours) before planting in an open ground.
Makar Ruban, Cand. biol. Sciences, Kiev
Phenoxin plus - a radical method of dealing with Medvedka
These are granules with a smell that is attractive to a bearhead and killer in taste. In the manure, where the bears love to settle, they make a hole and pour granules there. By all means a hole is covered from birds and domestic animals, which may also be eager to feast on and for which death in this case is also guaranteed.
In addition, in those places where the bears are seen, and these are usually the beds, they make grooves 3-5 cm deep and lay the granules at a distance of 20-30 cm. Again, they cover them from birds and other animals you need. If the granules do not bite off the caps (for example, they changed their dislocation), then the granules themselves will dissolve over time from irrigation, and they will not bring harm to the plants and the people eating these plants.
If you know that you have taken advantage of the drug for good reason, then repeat the treatment after two weeks, when new bearies hatch from the eggs.
Natural (natural) enemies of the Bears
The natural enemies of a bear are birds (rooks, starlings, crows, herons, etc.), insectivores (hedgehogs, shrews, moles, lizards), ants (destroy eggs), ground beetles (eat larvae), nematodes r. Oxyurius and Telestomum, ticks p. Neothorombium, Caloglyphus and Rhizogliphus. In winters with thaws, there is a massive death of bears from fungal diseases.
Another natural enemy of the bear is the Larra wasp anathema. Somehow, Larra discovers in the underground course the loot, expels it from there, and with three blows the stinger paralyzes her. Then the wasp lays one egg under the base of the victim's foreleg and flies away. After 5 minutes, the cub comes to life and crawls into its cave, turning into a living food store for the larvae of the wasp. However, unfortunately, this wasp is much less common than the bear.
Bear Trap for Medvedok
You can fight with Medvedka without the use of expensive drugs. Here's what to do in the spring.
Pour 50-100 g of beer into glass bottles and tie a neck piece of gauze. To dig in bottles obliquely at an angle of 45 ° to the surface of the soil and sprinkle with a layer of 3-4 cm in the earth. Medvedki very quickly find a "pivnushka", gnaw through a bandage and get into the bottle.
Back they can not get out (and maybe they do not want?). In one or two weeks, the bottle is filled, then it must be dug out and a fresh beer is poured for the bear in another bottle. This method is quite effective. 3-4 medars per day!
Medvedka is afraid of the smell of pine needles
In some newspaper I read that the bear is afraid of the smell of fir. But the potato has already been planted, the tops are big. I decided to cut the branches of larch and sketch them between the potato rows. When digging potatoes, I have not found a single medvedka.
In the autumn I prepared dry needles of larches, it is possible to pine and spruce. Now I want to try, selectively during planting, together with the potatoes, pour needles from larch into the hole.
Fighting a Medvedka with a Foul Fish
It turns out the bear does not tolerate the smell of rotten fish. When planting seedlings of cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage and other crops in the hole you need to put 1-2 pieces of cheap fish. Fish heads, scales, entrails are also suitable.
The fish in the ground is quickly rotting and the medvedka bypasses this place. Garden beds with beet, carrot, lettuce, etc. overlay around the perimeter of small fish and sprinkle it with earth.
As the seeds sprout, the fish will begin to deteriorate. This will not allow Medvedka to destroy the seeds and seedlings.
I fight with Medvedka like that.
• Try - instead of water, pour fermented beer into the hole of a medvedka, the result will surpass all your expectations!
• To get rid of the pest by using millet porridge. Cooked in a small saucepan. In the cooled porridge is added the drug from the Colorado potato beetle "Regent". Then the balls roll down from the porridge, which descend into each turn, dug by a bear. Here is a victory from a pest for a season or more.
• Abundantly water the path. When water is absorbed, I strongly press the board into the ground, you can plywood of any width. The next day I lift her: if the medvedka is here, then there will definitely be moves. I fill these moves with soapy water.
• Eggs and larvae of the bearfish are well destroyed by loosening the row spacing to a depth of 10–12 cm from the third decade of May to the beginning of the second half of July.
• Poisonous bait made from boiled corn, wheat, barley, oilcake mixed with metaphos (50 g per 1 kg) is laid out against the bear. 30 g of vegetable oil are added to them and laid out under piles of manure at the rate of 30-50 g per 1 square meter. The bait can also be laid out 2-3 days before sowing or between the rows after emergence or planting, planting them into the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm.
• Recipe for bait from barley, wheat, millet: 50 g of karbofos and 30 g of sunflower oil are taken for 2 kg of bait. Grain is boiled in salted water. First treated with oil, then karbofos and mix well. Baits are buried in the grooves to a depth of 2-3 cm. You can also decompose them after germination (but already in the aisle), the consumption rate is 600-800 g per 100 square meters. m).
• Before planting tomatoes and peppers in the ground, I prepare pieces of cloth. I use any dense material. I cut pieces 15 cm long and 8 cm wide. Before planting, urine them in water. I tie a tomato trunk with raw cloths so that it remains in the ground and above. Medvedka such tomatoes do not touch. And over the summer rags rot. Tomatoes have no harm from them.
• My way, in principle, is not original, but someone can come in handy.
When I plant tomato seedlings in open ground, I place each plant in sections of an old watering hose 6–8 cm each. To make this easier, I cut the rubber along one side, spread the edges of the cut and insert the lower part of the stem inside. Rubber immediately restores the previous form. I do not close the rootlet of the seedling, it freely looks out from the bottom of the segment.
• To scare away bears from greenhouses along the greenhouse narabney (grooves) make small grooves and pour sand moistened with kerosene.
Medvedku can catch honey
Medvedku can catch on honey. Take a jar, smear it with honey from the inside below the neck and dig level with the soil. Top cover with a bent piece of iron or cardboard, then straw. Medvedka climbs on honey and falls to the bottom of the jar.
About other pests
I plant some potatoes a little, so I use this method to fight the Colorado potato beetle. I collect
celandine, pour boiling water and leave overnight, then add 1 teaspoon of laundry detergent or liquid soap to a bucket of solution and spray potatoes with a broom once a week.
Onions, garlic, mint, savory, marigold planted next to vegetables against aphids. Chrysanthemums, planted near the currants and gooseberries, rid the bushes of powdery mildew. Slugs are afraid of garlic, parsley, lavender.
Lyudmila Saenko, Cherkasy, Ukraine
Windmills against the bear
I managed to get rid of this pest very simply.
My plot is located about a hundred meters away from the ravine, into which everyone throws all kinds of rubbish. It was from this pit that the hordes of bear cubs crawled into my garden. In one cottage newspaper I learned about the old method of dealing with them. It is necessary to put windmills on the site at a distance of 5-10 m from each other. To do this, it is better to use iron pipes (wooden stakes are rotting quickly) with a height of 3 meters. Attach a light metal propeller to the top of the pipe so that it rotates easily and creates more noise. Medvedki, apparently, perceive the vibration and noise from the propellers as a natural disaster. In any case, for many years now harmful insects have bypassed my garden.
Aspen vs. Medvedka
It is necessary to prepare aspen stakes with a diameter of = 2-4 cm, 25-30 cm long and hammer them into the ground for the entire height of the stake in places where the bear is settling. To score randomly after 1-2 meters from each other.
Stakes are harvested from the branches of aspen, small aspen, felled by the wind in the forest. You can chop them from the sawed churbak, but always with bark. Medvedki on the site will not. This is an old proven method.
Other names of the bear: top, earthen cancer, cabbage soup. Bear - an insect called for clumsiness in motion and brown color, and cabbage for love in the cabbage. Earthen cancer for the similarity of the front limbs with claws.
The fact that a medvedka started at the site can be prompted by openings between the beds, as well as mounds of earth, like a mole, only of a smaller size. If on the site of the mound to dig 15–20 cm deep, then you can find eggs of pests. The size of the eggs is no more than the seeds of hemp, however, in 10–15 days they will turn into larvae, which also spoil the plants on the site. During the day, the bears hide in a burrow, and with the onset of the evening they become more active, laying new passages, destroying the roots of the plants along the way.
Destroy the parasite is not an easy task. The pest has wings and flies over long distances, swims well and moves at great speed along the ground. location can be determined by the sound made at night. Medvedka makes a sound that resembles a grasshopper chirping or cicada. Eggs are laid in June, numbering 500-600 pieces.
It is interesting to know that the Asiatic type of bear is used in medicine and pharmacology. Insect infusions are used to combat tuberculosis, as well as in the fight against oncology and HIV infection. There are drugs to improve immunity and male health, based on the capsister's shell.
Medvedka is a rather large insect, body length is from 3 to 5 cm. The body is divided into abdomen and cephalothorax, where the abdomen is 3 times larger than the rest of the body. Around the mouth are the eyes, tentacles and whiskers.
The extremities turned inside, have thickened shins, each has five spines. Insects belong to the genus of scaly ones, the wingspan is equal to the length of the body and reaches 5 cm. The color of the limbs is red to light brown and dark brown in the rest of the body.
Fighting Medvedka in the garden
Experienced gardeners know how to destroy a bear in the garden with the help of available tools or chemicals. Due to the high cost of insecticides, most gardeners and gardeners prefer to fight with Medvedka folk remedies.
Not all gardeners and gardeners are ready to use insecticide to combat insects. Many gardeners believe that a better and easier natural method of struggle. There is a method of dealing with a cabbage grove, the activity of which has been tested by more than one gardener. The use of tincture of onion peel is based on intolerance to the pests of onion odor. Many gardeners put husks in the wells when planting vegetables and shrubs.
Onion brew can be prepared by yourself. For this you will need:
- 10 liters of water
- 1 kg of yellow onion peel.
Husks are added to hot water and then infused for 5 days. Перед применением настой разводят для уменьшения концентрации, в пропорции 1 л настойки к 5 л воды. Разведённым настоем орошают грядки, подливают настой под корни кустарников.
Применение навозных ловушек, давно проверенный и очень надёжный способ уничтожения, а также профилактики появления капустянки. It has long been known that the pest has a passion for fresh manure, so it can easily be used as bait.
Traps or trap pits of manure arrange in spring or autumn. In the autumn period, trapping pits are built up to a depth of 50 cm, into which manure is then added. Medvedka, attracted by manure, settles the dwelling in the pit for the winter. When the cold comes, dig out the pit, and scatter the contents over the surface. The pests that are in this state of anabiosis are immobile, so the cold freezes and dies.
Fight with the Medvedka spring. In early May, the manure is laid out in small piles. Piles are recommended to be made small (For several shovels of manure) at a distance of 3 m from each other throughout the garden. Bears seeking shelter for laying eggs, will stop in the dunghill. The gardener only needs to regularly check the heaps of manure for the presence of eggs. This method is suitable for reducing the population.
Another folk remedy can be called ordinary vegetable oil. Having found the hillocks left by the bears, as well as the moves on the beds, it is necessary to widen the hole with a finger, then pour in the oil mixed with water. 8–10 drops of sunflower oil are poured, and then a large amount of water. Do not be surprised if the whole bucket of water fits into the hole, because the holes of the Medvedok are very deep with branched passages.
Water does not cause a significant damage to Medvedka, because the pest swims well, but the oil closes the pest's airways and wets its body. As a result, the cuspidor crawls to the surface. When the pests are well oiled, the insect dies in 3-5 minutes. If you still found a medvedka on the surface, it is better to pin it down so as not to leave a chance.
Another great folk remedy is a soap solution. Insect is afraid of soapy water, so a large amount of soap solution poured into the hole will force the pest to crawl out, where the gardener will only have to crush the insect. Also, the soap solution blocks the eggs, making it impossible to hatch new pests. It should be remembered that the method with a soap solution can only be used in the fall, so that during the winter and spring period the soil is cleared of soap. Using the method with a soap solution in the spring can lead to low yields.
There is a method of strugglewhose effectiveness has been proven by many generations of summer residents and gardeners. The method is based on the use of sand and kerosene. About 50–70 g of kerosene is mixed with a kilogram of sand. The mixture is mixed and several shovels of dry soil are added. A mixture of soil, sand and kerosene is used for planting plants and seedlings. The mixture is added to the well or mixed with topsoil.
Honey bait. To catch a bear, apply the sweet trap method using syrup or honey. For this glass jar with smooth walls coated with honey from the inside. Further the bank buries the ground, so that the neck was flush with the ground. The neck is almost completely closed with a piece of iron or board. It is required to leave a small gap so that the bear could get into the bank. Attracted by the smell of honey insects crawl into the jar and fall to the bottom. The bank needs to periodically check and eliminate pests.
A similar method can be carried out using beer instead of honey. Beer has a fermented smell that attracts insects. A can of a third is filled with beer and buried in the ground at an angle of 45-50 degrees. Cover the neck with gauze, which Medved gnaw and fall into the bank. According to gardeners - this is the most effective way.
One of the strangest and most exotic methods is scaring the bear with the smell of rotten fish.. The method is not suitable for everyone, because not everyone can transfer the smell of a rotten product. The method consists in putting a rotten fish in the hole. Medvedka bypasses such places side, and the fish in the future will serve as fertilizer for the plant. You can also use fresh fish, which can be slightly buried in the ground. Over time, the fish begins to disappear and give an unbearable smell. The method requires a balanced approach, as the unpleasant smell will spread throughout the site. Many gardeners told entertainment stories about how cats dug out fish in the garden.
Experienced gardeners who know how to deal with the catfish in the garden, will tell you that the pest is afraid of the smell of pine needles. Therefore, shredded conifer branches and needles are laid out in the aisle, as well as under the root of shrubs. Gardeners recommend sprinkling with pine needles to preserve the scent. Gardeners when planting potatoes, add a little spruce needles to the hole to repel pests. The needles of spruce, fir and pine are perfect for this method.
If a medvedka started up in the garden plot, the fight against it is inevitable. The pest devours the root system, which leads to the death of plants and crops. Now there are many methods of dealing with parasites, ranging from chemicals and ending with products and objects available in the economy at the gardener. For a more effective fight against the parasite, you can use several methods, because the bear is a resilient insect, you have to make an effort to destroy it. It is necessary to arm yourself with knowledge in order to cope with the pest, thereby preserving the crop and the plant itself..
Insecticides in the fight against Medvedka
If traditional methods do not help, in specialized stores sold a lot of drugs to combat pests. To prepare the solution is not difficult - requires insecticide and grain for bait. Metaphos is considered one of the most effective drugs.
The recipe for a poisonous bait with Metaphos:
- Cook 1 kilogram of grain (wheat, barley, corn, barley).
- In the porridge add Metaphos (50 g of powder per 1 kg of the finished porridge).
- Sunflower oil 30 g.
The prepared mixture is laid out in the aisle or near small piles of manure. The poisonous mixture is laid out with the calculation of 50 g per 1 square meter.
We invite natural enemies
In the autumn, after harvesting, using the above methods, you can lure the Medvedka to the surface and “invite” the natural destroyers of the Medvedka. With the help of grain or bread you can attract birds:
Birds destroy the bear, take out adult individuals and their larvae from the ground and eat. Various insectivorous can become allies of a gardener:
- Moles (with moles should be careful, because they themselves are not averse to eat the roots of young shrubs and trees).
How to determine what appeared on the site Medvedka?
If at the summer cottage the number of wilted plants increases every day, and the watering is done regularly, then most likely, Medvedka hosts here. On her stay in the garden will also prompt small holes in the beds and loose earth mounds. Especially clearly such signs of the presence of a bear are visible after the rain.
If you dig these bumps 15 cm deep, you can see the eggs laid by the females of this insect (their size is not more than the hemp grain). After 10 - 17 days, they will become larvae, which also harm the plants.
As a rule, during the day the medars are in underground holes, and with the onset of the evening they begin to actively break through new passages, simultaneously destroying the root system of the plants that come across. Moreover, at this time they are looking for more comfortable habitat.
Bears can safely fly long distances, swim and move on the ground, so it is very difficult to catch them. Medvedka can be detected in the evening and at night by a characteristic sound that resembles a grasshopper chirping, but louder.
Insects overwinter deep in the ground or in compost heaps. Their active life begins in the spring. In May, they move to the surface, in June the mating period begins, after which chambers are prepared for laying 500 - 600 eggs. Just at this time on the surface of the earth and there are many bumps and holes by which one can judge the presence of a bear on the site.
What does a bear look like?
Medvedku easy enough to distinguish from other types of insect pests. It can be recognized by the following features:
- body length up to 5 cm
- torso consists of cephalothorax and abdomen (abdomen 3 times larger),
- at the end of the abdomen there are paired processes 1 cm long,
- on the head are eyes, whiskers, tentacles (around the mouth),
- forelimbs with thickened lower legs, turned inside,
Water with detergent
Any inexpensive powder is diluted in water in the proportion of 4 tbsp. spoons per 10 liters. This solution is poured into the wells found in the garden. As a rule, 3 liters of the resulting solution is poured into one well. But it should be borne in mind that it can wash out the soil and harm the root system of plants, therefore, it is not recommended to abuse this method.
Medications against the bear
These include: "Phenoxin Plus", "Prestige 290 FS", "Aktar 25 WG", "Medvetoks", "Bankol", "Thunder". Pellets fall asleep in the holes of the moves. The next day, the insects die. You can also make a lure for a bear and add one of the above listed preparations to its composition. To do this, boil porridge (pearl barley or wheat), add beer and drug.
The mixture is rolled into small balls and laid out in places where the burrows of insects with larvae, as well as the beds that need protection most of all (for example, beds with root vegetables, cabbage, potatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes) are laid out. By the way, you can attract the bear by mixing chemical products with germinated seeds of cucumber.
In order to get rid of the insect, along the rows of the beds the tracks are sprinkled with a mixture of kerosene and sand. You can also mix 100 ml of kerosene with 1 liter of water and pour into the tunnels dug out by a medvedka. This pest can damage the roots of plants not only in the open field, but also in the greenhouse. To protect greenhouse plants with kerosene, they moisten the rope and put it around the building, in which case the smell will scare the bear away.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners know how to deal with medvedka improvised. Therefore, they use the following folk methods.
Bears are not able to resist this drink. Traps are made from glass jars or bottles: they put a jar into the ground (with a slope), pour 50 g of beer into it, and tie it with gauze on top. Insects gnaw through gauze and fall into a trap, from which they can not escape. After a while the bank will be tightly packed with bears and you can easily destroy them.
Another option to get rid of medvedki folk remedies may be the use of traps with honey.
They are built on the principle of the previous method, but beer is replaced by honey, and instead of gauze they use a piece of iron or cardboard, which covers the can only half. When the trap is filled it needs to be replaced with a new one.
In winter, you can collect egg shells. It is mixed with vegetable oil and fall asleep in the holes dug by a bear. Such a treat, too, can bring Medvedka from the site. You can also put the shell into powder and mix it with the ground on which the plant will be planted. If the insect tastes the shell, it will die.
The use of unpleasant smells for the bear
Some odors scare away these pests. These include the flavors:
- mint leaves and garlic, onion peels (spread directly on the garden beds),
- needles, willow, alder, chrysanthemum branches (dug into the ground),
- marigolds, calendula, beans, flax (planted in different places in the garden),
- heads and tails of fish (buried in the beds between plants).
These smells are able to protect from the bear for 2 weeks (with the exception of growing sources of smell).
Loosening the land
The soil is loosened at least 3 times a season. Digging the earth to a depth of 15 cm, you can find the holes of a medvedka. This type of gardening work is carried out by a hoe, and after finding nests, they move the land with insects, larvae and eggs into a bucket.
Dung piles as bait
It is possible to remove the pest by arranging manure traps: heaps of manure must be spread all over the site. With the onset of warm days, bears will surely crawl into them and begin to create holes in them for laying eggs. Checking such a trap and finding it insects need to be burned. In this case, the adults will be destroyed along with the larvae.
This is a very effective way to control pests. You can prepare in advance the "place for the winter" pest. To do this, in the late autumn they dig up holes in different places of the summer cottage and fill them with compost or manure. With the onset of cold shovel scatter the contents of the pits to the surface. Insects do not have time to go deep into the soil and freeze.
Insect bear - description
The garden bear insect is large, reaching a length of 5 cm, although some gardeners claim that they have met individuals up to 15 cm long. What does a bear look like? Its soft abdomen is fusiform and about a centimeter in diameter is three times longer than the cephalothorax. At the end of the dark brown abdomen are the cerci, paired filiform appendages up to 1 cm long. The chest is protected by a hard shell, under which the bear can partially hide the head. The eyes of the insect are large, complex, there are also a pair of tentacles on the head, long antenna whiskers and very strong jaws. The front pair of legs of a bear with claws is designed so that it is convenient to dig the ground. The bear has wings, but in order to earn their muscles, warm air is needed, so the bear heads fly infrequently, but they swim rather quickly. At night, especially in the mating season, medvedki sing - they emit powerful trills, chirp and chirp, using the friction of their wings.
Bears at a small depth make a nest about 6x6 cm in size, lay up to five hundred dark yellow eggs with a diameter of 4-5 mm, from which, after two weeks, larvae appear. The larva of the beetle the bear-like body resembles an adult insect, but it is not dark brown, but gray. The larva grows a larva for several years.
We will tell you what are the methods of struggle with a Medvedka, how to deal with a Medvedka in the garden with folk remedies and whether it is possible to get rid of a Medvedka forever.
Fight with a medvedka.
Understand that live on the site medvedki, can be on small mounds of the peculiarly rolled up lumps of soil on its surface, which are especially noticeable after the rain. The greatest activity of these insects can be observed in May, when the bears crawl out of the already heated earth. It is at this time that shallow holes should be dug on the site and filled with chopped straw or fresh manure. Bears crawl into the pit for laying eggs, so that the hatched larvae can feed on manure or straw. After 3-4 weeks, the contents of the traps along with the larvae are removed and burned.
In order to destroy this dangerous insect, it is necessary to find all the nests of bears. Since they are not very deep, they can be found during digging. Carefully dig the nests, put them in a bucket and then destroy them. Try to do it in such a way that the female does not climb to the surface. Take the pesticide and decompose its granules in all the moves leading from the nest - this way you will destroy the female.
There is another way to get rid of the bear. As soon as you find the nest, fill it with soapy water so that it fills all the passages dug by insects. Both the larvae and the female will die from the soap solution if she is in one of the turns. If she is not there, be prepared for the fact that after a time in the same place the female will again make the nest and lay eggs in it. Soap solution is prepared as follows: in a bucket of water dissolve 10 g of rubbed soap and 50 g of laundry detergent. Instead of a soap solution, you can use water with vegetable oil to fill the passages - a tablespoon of oil is mixed with 4 liters of water - or kerosene with water - 100 g of kerosene per bucket of water at the rate of 30 g of solution for each hole.
If the bears were found by you closer to the end of the growing season, wait for the fall and at soil temperature not lower than 8 ºC dig up trap holes 50–60 cm deep, cover the bottom and walls of the holes with plastic wrap, fill them with the manure that started and close it with an improvised cover. As soon as steady frosts come, remove manure from the pits along with the bears, which have slipped into a warm shelter for the winter, and scatter on the site. The frost will cause the bears to die, as they become inactive even at a temperature of +5 ºC.
Funds from Medvedka (drugs).
Fighting with the bears in the garden is carried out and toxic chemicals, but the chemicals from the bears are used only as a last resort, when other methods of struggle have been of little effect. There are several effective means of medvedok:
- – Medvetoks - the unique granulated preparation possessing taste and killer action, attractive to insects. To die, Medvedka just eat only one pellet,
- – Bear cub - one of the most effective remedies for the bear, which does not have a harmful effect on the environment, which is used in the form of a solution,
- – Hacks – эффективное и относительно безопасное для человека средство от медведки в виде ярко окрашенных гранул, которые раскладывают в проходы, вырытые вредителем,
- – Гром – этот препарат эффективен, но включает в себя канцерогены, поэтому применять его нужно с осторожностью, раскладывая в ходы медведки по 3-4 гранулы,
- – Гризли – гранулы цвета хлеба на основе Диазинона, которые используют с большой осторожностью, раскладывая в вырытые медведкой проходы,
- – Банкол - low toxic to humans insecticide of contact-intestinal action, immobilizing an insect, which deprives it of the opportunity to receive food and leads to death in 2-3 days,
- – Phenoxin plus - granules with aroma and taste attractive for the pest, which should be used pointwise, putting several pieces into the passages dug by the bears,
- – Bowerin - A biological drug that causes a deadly disease in a bear. Bowerin's virtue is that it is harmless to warm-blooded animals and beneficial insects.
Fighting Medvedka folk remedies
We told you how to destroy Medvedka with chemical and mechanical means, but there are many effective folk methods and ways to combat this pest, which destroy or repel bears without harming beneficial insects, animals and people. For example, if you irrigate the plot several times at weekly intervals with an infusion of onion peel, the garden bear leaves you forever. How to get rid of medvedki using onion infusion? In order to prepare this miracle cure, one kilogram of husk and onion waste pour 10 liters of water and infuse for 4-6 days, after which the infusion is filtered and diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5. Watering the area with onion extract is carried out after the rain.
The device of traps, for example, with beer or honey also belongs to national methods of struggle with a medvedka. How to bring Medvedka using such traps? Dig a plastic container or glass jar into the soil, treating it from the inside with a quarter of the height with honey for bait, cover the jar with an iron sheet on top and sprinkle it with straw. Or dig a half-liter jar of half a glass of fresh beer under the slope into the ground, cover it with a thick cardboard or iron, and after a week and a half dig up traps with pests caught in them.
We have already told you how to make traps for bear birds from manure.
And there is another way to get rid of underground pests using eggshell, which is dried, crushed, mixed with roasted sunflower oil and put a spoon of this mixture in all the wells or furrows when planting seedlings or sowing seeds. Medvedka will appear to feast on this fragrant "dessert", which will lead to her death, and the eggshell will be a good feeding for young plants.
Medvedka - preventive treatment
It is much easier to prevent Medvedka on the site than to fight with her. Medvedka in the garden will not appear if you dig up the soil every fall to the depth of the spade bayonet - the larvae and adults will die from the cold. A preventive measure against the appearance of a Medvedka in the garden can be the refusal to use manure as a fertilizer for plants, since it is with him that the pest most often reaches the site. You can replace the manure chicken droppings.
Medvedku like a well-heated soil, and to lower its temperature, mulch the surface of the plot with light material - straw or sawdust.
Prevent the appearance of bears garlic, cilantro, coriander, parsley, marigold, calendula or chrysanthemum planted in between rows. Does not like the pest of pine needles and fresh leaves of alder, which are added in the grooves around the perimeter of the beds. It is claimed that a decent bear repeller is piled into deep grooves around the beds of naphthalene.
You can scare away a bear in a greenhouse with the help of a mixture of sand and kerosene at the rate of 1 kg of sand and 50-70 ml of kerosene per m² of beds: spill sand with kerosene, mix it thoroughly, throw several shovels of dry earth to the sand and mix everything again. When planting seedlings scatter this soil mixture over the surface of the beds and evenly mix it with the top layer of soil.
Reliable protection against medvedok gives treatment when planting the root system of seedlings suspension Aktara or Prestige. And those who are not embarrassed by the smell of rotten fish, can apply this method of scaring off the pest: when landing seedlings in the ground, they put a small fresh fish in each hole. When the fish starts to rot, the smell of decomposition scares the bear away and she leaves. True, she can leave close - to the next garden bed.
Plants with an unbranched root system can be saved from a medvedka by digging a trimmed plastic bottle into the hole and planting a seedling in it. This "armor" does not allow the pest to get close to the roots and stems of the plant.
Well, it would be nice to enlist the support of the biological enemies of the Medvedka, which are birds (storks, rooks, ravens, starlings) and insectivorous animals - shrews, hedgehogs, moles, lizards, ants, scolopendra or ground beetles. If you attract the most harmless of them to your site, you may never know what a common bear looks like.
If you look at the beds, you can see small holes. Dig them up and you will see small eggs. No doubt - settled in your garden Medvedka, pest, delivering gardeners a lot of trouble. Fighting a medvedka in the garden requires patience, since even chemical agents are not always able to cope with it.
Fighting a medvedka in the garden requires patience, since even chemical agents are not always able to cope with it
Of course, you can dilute 30 grams of chlorophos into 10 liters of water and pour the mixture into the pest's fresh mink. Then it is enough to collect those bearies that have crawled out and destroy them, and those who remain in the burrows will die.
However, this effective way can seriously affect your health, because vegetables and greens treated with pesticides can hardly be called useful. It is best to use traditional methods of struggle, but first you need to figure out what Medvedka is and how it harms the plants.Video about the fight with Medvedka
Earth crayfish - a threat to garden beds
In the people of Medvedka called the earthen cancer, cabbage tree or top. She likes to live in the soil with high humidity, rich in humus and fertilized with manure. The rigid body of an insect up to 6 cm long has small wings and rather powerful horn jaws.
With the help of developed front legs, the pest digs underground passages in the ground. The main vertical course can reach a depth of 120 cm and end with a horizontal depression in which adults hibernate. For the larvae of the first year, there is enough vertical movement 65-75 cm deep. In addition, the caravan runs through all the beds at a depth of 2 cm to 8 cm, eating young shoots, damaging the roots of the plants and destroying the sown seeds.
People call Medvedka earth crawfish, cabbage tree or top.
During reproduction (end of April - June), the earthen cancer begins to emerge on the surface of the earth, and then arranges a nest-cave at a depth of 15-25 cm near its main course and lays dark yellow eggs in it, of which after a couple of weeks larvae appear . In early July, moving gray larvae leave the nest and are actively settling around the garden, digging new passages. In appearance, the larvae look like adults, but smaller in size and do not have wings - only by the next summer will their development complete.
The adult insect is very fertile: during the summer the female lays 100-500 eggs. That is why the fight with Medvedka is no less troublesome than with the Colorado potato beetle. And if you consider that the pest moves easily in water and can fly over long distances, the fight against it for many gardeners becomes a real headache.
Ways of folk struggle with Medvedka in the garden
If your site has been attacked by a polar bear, first of all, it is necessary to provide early spring plowing with deep loosening of the soil (up to 15 cm), as well as deep autumn plowing of the vegetable garden. So you destroy the pest's moves, make it harder for him to get food and destroy the larvae.
The adult insect is very prolific: for the summer, the female lays 100-500 eggs
There is still no guaranteed way to get rid of earth crayfish, but there are many popular recipes that help to significantly reduce the number of insects or scare them away from their garden.
Here are the most common methods of dealing with a bear:
- Poisonous chlorophos can be replaced with a solution of washing powder (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water) or a kerosene solution (1 tablespoons per 10 liters of water). Pour the solution into the mink, and chop the crawled insects with a shovel.
- Exterminate pests and individually, burying banks on paths between the beds. For bait, you can add a little spoiled jam, beer, compote or honey to the jars. Bears, crawling along the paths at night, fall into banks, and during the day they are easily destroyed.
- In early spring, sheets of plywood or boards are laid out on empty beds, insects crawl under them to warm up - here you can already pick up the bear in a bucket of kerosene solution. In the summer boards are laid out between the beds.
- In the autumn they dig a shallow hole, lay it out with an old plastic wrap and fill it with manure, gradually a lot of crawfish are gathered in it for the winter. Then there are two options - either with the onset of frosts, scatter manure around the garden, so that the insects are frozen, or in the spring to get manure and burn it together with the bears.
- Shallow pits can be dug on the site and in the middle of May, so that pests crawl there to lay eggs. A month later, the manure, along with the larvae burned.
- During the year, eggshells are collected, finely pounded and, seasoned with vegetable oil, poured into the minks of earth crayfish, or sprinkled with seedlings, covered from above by ground. Bears do not like sharp pieces of the shell, and bypass the fresh seedlings by the side, and die from the eaten shell.
Fighting a medvedka in the garden will not be necessary if sowing marigolds along the borders of the garden plot - the pests avoid the smell of these flowers, so access by insects from neighboring territories will be closed. Medvedka also frightens off the noise from wind turbines installed in the garden (pipes with fixed propellers), the smell of garlic, parsley, calendula, and fresh alder leaves.
Folk methods of dealing with Medvedka
Gardeners are constantly trying to come up with new ways to combat the pest. Consider the most effective of them:
Protect yourself from the bear. To prevent the harmful insect from penetrating the site from the neighboring, it is necessary to install sheets of tin along the entire perimeter, digging them 50-60 cm. The height of the sheets above the ground should exceed 40-50 cm. Also, to protect against a bear, you can dig a groove 40-50 in depth see and cover it with rubble, broken bricks, broken glass.
Beer. Pour about 50 ml of the frothy drink into a 0.5 liter jar. Dig her neck into the ground. The smell of the drink attracts the insect, and it falls into the jar. It can't get back.
Kerosene. Dilute 100 ml of kerosene in 10 liters of water. Pour in the evening for 1.5 st.l. in every mink mink. Another option is to pour 1 tbsp into the sand bucket. kerosene, mix. This sand lay out the paths between the beds. It is best to combine both methods.
Honey. Spread honey inside the jar and bury it in the ground at the neck. Honey attracts the insect as well as beer. Similarly, you can use sliced raw potatoes and even regular sweetened water.
Horse dung. In the autumn, in places where a bear was spotted, dig holes, lay manure in them. Sprinkle on top of the ground. Insect climbs to manure to winter. When strong cold comes, you need to dig a hole and scatter manure on the ground. As a result, Medvedka die.
Chicken droppings. A very strong remedy against the bear. Divorced droppings need to water the plants or fill it in mink.
Soapy water. 10 g of ordinary household soap and 50 g of laundry detergent diluted in a bucket of water. Pour 500 ml of this solution into each opening of the stroke. If after 1-2 minutes the insect does not reach the surface, it will die under the ground.
Eggshell. Dry the shell, grind it into a powder and moisten with sunflower oil (preferably unrefined). Spread together with the seeds in the hole. Or make a groove 3-4 cm deep, lay there a mixture of shell and oil. Sprinkle with sand. Medvedku lures this smell, she eats the shells with butter and dies.
Needles. Medvedku repels the smell of any coniferous trees. You need to sprinkle with pine needles between the rows of plants, or fall asleep in the hole.
Wet rags. Help protect the stems of tomatoes and peppers. Before planting, you need to wrap the stems with moist thin rags so that they are both underground and above it. You can also soak rags in soapy water for greater efficiency. Such plants Medvedka will bypass.
Onion Husk. Around the seedling make a groove with a depth of 3-4 cm. Put a husk in it, sprinkle with sand and earth on top.
Garlic. Spread a garlic clove in each well when planting. The sharp garlic smell effectively frightens off the insect.
Fish heads. At least once a season to bury raw heads around the perimeter of the land, at a depth of 20-30 cm.
Malathion. Mix a kilogram of any boiled grain, peas or bran with 50 g of karbofos and 30 ml of sunflower oil. Such bait are harmful to birds and pets, so they need to bury in the ground. A bait with zinc phosphide is prepared in a similar way, which is used instead of karbofos.
Calcium carbide. Lay in each hole 5 g of carbide. A little tamp the ground. The reaction with groundwater or rainwater will lead to the release of acetylene, which is detrimental to the bear. If the ground is dry and there is no rain, the ground over the carbide should be slightly watered.
Mechanical way. In May-June, the bear lays eggs. It is necessary to dig up the ground in those areas where the insect was observed. Eggs in the open air perish.
Plants against the bear
To scare away an insect, you can use these plants:
Coriander. Sow around the perimeter of the plot.
Marigold. Sow around the perimeter of the plot. In the autumn, when the plant dries, break off the stems and scatter them around the garden.
Alder. It is necessary to break small branches and insert them into the ground at a distance of 1.5-2 meters from each other. Paste around the perimeter.
Today, there are a large number of chemical agents developed specifically to combat medvedka. The principle of operation of most of them is almost the same - the insect is attracted by the smell, it eats the bait and soon dies.
Consider some of the effective tools that are presented in the domestic market:
Thunder. The finished product, which must be decomposed into the mink of an insect, condense the passages and pour it over with water. After one treatment, a positive effect against the bear is maintained 10-14 days. It is also effective against garden ants.
Bankol. Insecticide that suppresses the work of the central nervous system of insects. They can not move, eat and die in a few days. The drug does not accumulate in the soil and water, it is safe for animals. Effectively and at high temperatures, therefore it is convenient to use it in the summer.
Fenaxin Plus. Granulated bait. It has an attractive taste and smell for the bear. After eating the insect is guaranteed to die within 3 hours. The tool does not adversely affect the plants and does not accumulate in the soil.
Grizzly. A tool designed specifically for the destruction of the larva of the bear and adult insects. Pests die within 1-2 days after site treatment. After this, plant protection is maintained for another 4 weeks.
Medvetoks. Means for protection of flower and vegetable crops. Available in the form of granules with an attractive taste and smell. The insect dies a few hours after eating the drug. The drug is valid for up to three weeks. To improve the effect of the granules, it is recommended to sprinkle with sunflower oil.
Rembek. It is a processed grain millet with chemicals. It should be laid in the pits with seedlings.
Bowerin. The drug is made on the basis of the fungus called boverie. The tool is mixed with sunflower oil and laid in the wells with seedlings. Before death, insects come to the surface. It is recommended that they be collected and burned so that they do not poison the birds or pets.
Also sold sound scarers, whose action is based on vibration. Their effectiveness is moderate, therefore it is recommended to use such repellents in combination with other means. Nevertheless, the vibration that such devices emit is capable of scaring off a certain number of bears.
Medvedka is a very dangerous pest for agricultural crops. Plants with damaged insect roots, as a rule, die. Therefore, it is necessary to fight with Medvedka, selecting the most effective methods. If you do not fight with Medvedka, then in favorable conditions, it will quickly multiply and cause more and more damage to plants.