Good day to all readers!
Today we will talk about planting spirea, further care, reproduction and many different varieties.
Such a variety of species and varieties, like that of spirea, is rarely seen! Among them there are giants up to 2.5 m tall, and there are dwarfs less than 20 cm tall. The branches are creeping, can be recumbent or spread out, there are also erect.
The bark on them can be from light to dark brown. On the woody shoots of the bark begins to flake off.
The leaves are incredibly diverse, the shape depends on the type or variety - they are all petiolate, but can be lanceolate, there are rounded, and in some species three or five-lobed.
The flowers are small, from snowy white to crimson, in large numbers are collected in inflorescences. All spireas bloom in spring or summer. In some varieties it is panicles, in others there are scutes or pyramids, but spicate inflorescences are also found. Different spiraeus inflorescences are located differently: they can be located only at the ends of the shoots, can along the entire length of the branch. And now more about
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Planting spirea, and spring and summer flowering can be made in spring and autumn. In the garden center or nursery of ornamental crops, it is better to choose a seedling with a closed root system or with a clod of earth.
The seedling should be young, compact, it should not be leaves. Spireas, on which the leaves appeared, do not tolerate the transplant.
Do not buy overgrown bushes with very branched shoots. Not the best choice - plants that have sprouted roots from a drainage hole. On the one hand, this is confirmation that the sapling has been growing in this pot for a long time, and not planted in it an hour before the sale, on the other hand the whole room is covered with roots and is already cramped in a closed volume.
In plants with an open root system, it is necessary to check the quality of the root lobe. The roots must be wet, elastic, without broken and blackened at the cut. There should be no dry and brittle roots. Useful when the open root system is covered with a mixture of clay, manure and a root formation stimulator.
Branches should be lively, flexible, with green bark, healthy buds. Second order branches in a small amount are welcome.
Spirea breeding division bush. Planting delenok.
Selection and preparation of landing sites
Like every plant, spirea has its own characteristics of the choice of location and method of planting.
- All spireas can grow both in a sunny place, and with some shading. In the penumbra bushes grow better, but form fewer flowers. At the same time, on spireas in small shading, flower baskets are brighter in color and retain their decorative effect longer.
- The soil is preferably permeable, moderately wet. To improve the composition of the garden land, you can add leaf or sod soil to its composition. Heavy clay soils loosen peat and sand. Spirea Bilard and her hybrids do not tolerate calcareous soils.
- When planting, the spirea must create a drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick.
- The pit for planting is prepared by one third more than an earthen clod of a seedling, with a depth of at least 0.5 m, and the root collar should be at the same level as in the nursery.
- Plant better in cloudy weather, during rain the survival rate of plants is higher.
- Suitable neighbors for spirea bushes are conifers.
Planting spirea in spring
Spring plant spireas, blooming in summer. With the landing you need to hurry up and have time to plant the bushes before bud break.
For any period of planting, the pit is prepared in the same way: the walls must be vertical and dig it 2-4 days before planting. The drainage layer should be at least 15, preferably 20 cm.
- When planting you need to shorten the above-ground part and cut very long and dried roots.
- The soil removed from the landing pit is mixed with fertilizer, if necessary with peat or sand.
- At the bottom of the pit they arrange a mound of earth, a sapling is placed on it.
- With an open root system, all the roots are straightened, sent in different directions and sprinkled with earth.
- Having half-filled the roots, a bucket of water is poured into the pit.
- Fall asleep hole completely.
- The soil around the bush is compacted and the seedling is slightly pulled up so that the roots are flattened.
- An earth mound is formed around the bush, watered and powdered with a mulching material to preserve moisture.
Planting spirea in autumn
In the autumn they plant and transplant spireas of any period of flowering. It is important to complete this process before the end of the leaf fall. At this time, the bushes can be propagated by dividing the bush. Spirea age should not exceed 3-4 years. In older bushes, the root system is very large, it is difficult to extract from the ground and divide.
Shared bush dig up, leaving a lump of earth a little larger than the crown projection. Chopped with some roots will not harm the bush. The bush extracted from the ground is lowered into a container with water. Soaked earth will remain at the bottom, the root system will be fully visible. Allowed to remove the old soil from the roots of running water.
Sharing the bush is better with a sharp pruner. We leave a branched lobe of the roots and two-three one-two summer shoots on each delenium. Then they plant it as in spring: they create a drainage layer, fill an earthen hill, straighten roots on it, fill it with soil and water it as the roots bury, create an irrigation hole and mulch the surface.
Care: watering, fertilizer, pruning, shelter
All spireas belong to the plants in the “Growing Up” series. Its care is minimal: moderate watering, loosening, weeding, dressing, pruning.
The root system of the spiraea is shallow, hence the need for soil mulching, watering at least twice a month. 1.5 buckets of water are poured into each watering under the bush.
Loosen the soil and remove weeds necessarily. As a top-dressing, a complex fertilizer or a mullein infusion with the addition of superphosphate (10 g per bucket of infusion) is used. The most important introduction of fertilizing after pruning and before flowering.
With pests and diseases, spirea is almost not damaged. They contain aphids and spider mites. Pests often settle on young shoots. Aphid not only sucks the juice, weakening the plants, soot fungus settles on the discharge of aphids, which worsens the appearance. You can fight them by any chemical means or herbal decoctions. With a small amount of pests, they can be washed off with a stream of water. But damage from pests are often insignificant and does not affect the decorativeness of the bushes.
Sooner or later, spirea bushes grow to such size that they need to be trimmed. How to do it right without loss of decoration?
Flowers in the spring-flowering varieties are located along the entire length of the shoot, which means they only remove frozen tips in winter. Old shoots are removed once in 7-14 years. Such branches are carved at ground level, and 5-6 of them are left for new flowering from grown young shoots. A year or two later, the following outdated shoots are removed. Thus rejuvenates the whole bush. Sanitary pruning bushes can be carried out throughout the season.
Spireas, blooming in summer, are cut in early spring. Pruned shoots are shortened to large buds, small shoots and inconveniently located completely removed. After a strong pruning grow new, strong branches. Aging shoots need to be removed regularly, otherwise the bush will not have the strength to form renewal shoots. Bushes aged 4 and older can be cut annually up to 30 cm from the ground. If such pruning does not rejuvenate the bush and there are no strong shoots on it, then the bush should be divided or replaced. The average lifespan of a spirea bush is 15-20 years.
Spirea Gray Grefshaym
Spirey breeding methods are seeds, cutting, dividing the bush and cuttings. Consider each one of them.
The most inconvenient method of reproduction. In this way, non-hybrid species are propagated. Varietal quality seedlings are not transmitted through the seeds. In addition, time-consuming seed stratification is required to increase germination.
It gives good results. Correctly and timely harvested cuttings in 70% of cases rooted without the use of root formers. Cuttings from bushes that bloom in spring are harvested at the beginning of June, letternaceous spireas are grafted at the end of June-July. Lignified cuttings of all Spireas root in the beginning - middle of autumn.
For rooting, take a strong annual escape, it is divided into cuttings with 5-6 buds. The bottom 2-3 leaves are removed along with the cuttings, on the other half of the leaf is cut. A good result is obtained by soaking the cuttings for several hours in a solution of epin (1 ml of epin is dissolved in 2 liters of water). The lower cut of the cutting can be processed root.
The prepared cuttings at an angle of 30-45 degrees are planted in a wet substrate. This may be sand, perlite, vermiculite, nutritive soil. Planted cuttings are very convenient to cover with plastic bottles, which have cut the bottom. In such an improvised greenhouse, a more uniform temperature is maintained (plastic laminated, transparent) and the humidity can be flexibly adjusted.
At first, the plugs can be screwed up and the airtightness can be made; later, removing the stopper, we arrange ventilation. Having placed a shadow over the plantings, cuttings under plastic caps are not necessary to spray several times a day, it is enough to periodically water the soil around the cuttings.
Before the onset of sustainable frosts, cuttings along with the bottles are covered with insulation - leaves, tops, and branches. In winter, they are warmed with snow. In the spring, shelter is removed, and when shoots appear, young bushes can be transferred to a permanent place.
It is better to divide spirea bush in autumn. Carefully dig a shrub to be divided. It is better to shake off the ground from the roots so that you can see better where the bush can be divided. Each split bush should have 2-3 strong shoots and a sufficient lobe of roots. Split bush is planted in a new place, given the depth of planting in the old place. The device drainage, the creation of irrigation wells and watering are required.
Reproduction by layering
In the spring, a strong one-year shoot escapes to the ground (you can cut the bark at the place of contact with the ground) is placed in the prepared hole, pinned to the ground and covered with nutrient mixture. Long shoots can prikopat in several places - you get a few layering. By the fall, roots are formed in the damaged area and the seedling can be separated.
Spirea shelter for the winter
Although the fibrous root system is located close to the surface, low temperatures and elevated temperatures are easily tolerated by most of the spiers. Some types of spiraeus, such as gray, medium, low, three-bladed, dubrovolistnaya not damaged to -50C, on the spirayahs of Bumald, birch, Emilia, densely flowered, white, sharply serrated in such frosts, perhaps, freezing of one-year shoots.
It is possible to secure planted spireas in Central Russia, if the shoots are tied up in one bundle and, bending down to the ground, cover with fallen leaves with a layer of about 15 cm, and cover with cut branches on top, protecting them from blowing leaves and better snow retention. Bushes planted in the fall, in any region for the winter is better to cover. To do this, you can use fallen leaves, tops of vegetable plants, cut branches.
Types and varieties
All variety of spiraeus is divided into two large groups blooming in spring and summer. Spring-blooming spireas create fountains of white flowers and fill the garden with a cloud of white flowers. The leaves of some species of spirea in the autumn paint bushes in various colors from yellow to purple-red.
Spirey blooming season opens gray spirea. This is a voluminous shrub with arcuately drooping branches, densely covered with small white flowers. The most famous and popular variety of sulfur spirea is “Grefsheim”.
Spirea Gray Grefshaym
Behind it dismisses its flowers Spirea Thunberg. Her bush grows no higher than 1m. A distinctive feature of the species - the leaves on it remain almost a message of the year.
The flowering of the spirea of Thunberg supports the sharp-toothed spirea. Its white flowers are collected in medium-sized inflorescences, blooming on elegantly curved branches.
Sharp-serrated spirea or argut spirea
The next spirea blooms Vangutta. Shrubs up to 2m tall bloom profusely in May and June.
Spirea Nippon blooms in May-July. Her bushes are slightly upright shoots drooping at the top.
The most floriferous spirea is schilotine "Plena". It blooms in May and June, in the autumn the bush becomes purple-red.
Some more photos of beauties!
Japanese Spirea "Little Princesses" Spirey Bumald Gold Flame Spirea billard
Use in gardens and partners
The use of all the sprayer is very diverse. These shrubs quickly form vibrant flowering hedges that easily fill large areas. It is successful to combine spireas in individual plantings, and in combinations with other trees or shrubs, and to create a mix of hedges. Attracting attention, the shape of the bushes spirea and thin shoots create an attractive contrast with the dark-colored neighbors.
Spirey bushes successfully create bright, blooming, hedges. They easily shave. Especially beautiful are the stalked shrubs of a weeping form, covered with boiling white flowers.
Solitary spireas are good as a background for perennial herbaceous or bulbous plants.
The flowering spireas will fill the voids between the conifers, where they will create bright accents throughout the season.
Low-growing, dwarf varieties of spirea form a unique colored carpet, if they are planted on a sunlit slope. Such low bushes will decorate rockeries, rocky gardens, alpine hills.
Higher hybrids are suitable for framing, on the edge of the lawn, in the foreground of living partitions, in a flower bed with grassy perennials.
The shining white flowers of the spirea make it a good partner for the bulbous flowering bushes in the early spring, perennials.
A good solution for a bright spring flower bed is yellow daffodils and red tulips against the background of short spirea.
White jets of the “fountains” of Vangutta spirea will add elegance and add energy to the plantings of herbaceous perennials that bloom in late spring - bearded irises or peonies.
Spring-blooming spireas are organically combined in bright hedgerows, successfully combined with a set of pretty flowers and red weigels, a Golden Rainbow or red hazelnut will create a suitable background.
If you plant next to Spirea, Kalina ordinary and Chubushnik will turn out "white dream"
In July, when most of the shrubs have faded, letire blossoming spireas begin to bloom. They are planted in the foreground of mixed hedges, against the background of coniferous trees, or individual shrubs.
The bright red flowers of Spurya Bumald will become even brighter if they are planted against the background of a white or yellow Potentilla shrub. Successfully combined with each other spirea and St. John's wort, if they pick up the same height. It is better to combine large groups of these flowers.
David's buddley is good to use as a background.
Having correctly selected varieties and varieties of spirea, its flowering can be enjoyed from spring to mid-summer.
Description culture tavolgi with photos
Spirea, or Meadowsweet, - deciduous shrub. There are about 90 species with various forms of a bush, they are distinguished by small flowers, located in inflorescences of various shapes. They are found widely in the Northern Hemisphere. Attractive abundant flowering, and you can pick up flowering spirea shrubs, blooming buds at different times of the year.
To begin the description of the spirea shrub is that it usually blooms in early spring.
Spirey Van Gutta - Sprawling shrub up to 2.5 m in height and width, with arched hanging branches. The leaves are obovate, with 3-5 lobes and a jagged edge, up to 4 cm long, dark green above, bluish-green from below, yellowing in autumn. The flowers are white, numerous, gathered in dense umbrella inflorescences, covering the entire shoot. It blooms profusely and continuously in May — June; under the weight of flowers, shoots bow down to the ground.
The plant is undemanding and reliable, frost-resistant, can withstand hot weather, can be cut well, grows quickly. Grow spiraeus Van Gutta can be in light shading. The plant tolerates dry and poor soils, from acidic to alkaline, but it is better at fertile sites with normal moisture. Easily propagated by cutting.
Planted this species singly, in groups or in low hedges. This type of hybrid origin. It was created in France in 1862 and named after the Belgian gardener and breeder L. Van Gutte.
Look at the flowering spirea bush of this species in the photo, which shows the culture in all its glory:
Spirea sharp-toothed - 1.5–2 m tall shrub with a loose crown and thin graceful hanging shoots. Narrow lanceolate leaves up to 4 cm long with a jagged edge, dark green in summer, yellowish in autumn. The flowers are white, fragrant, collected in numerous umbellate inflorescences, densely covering the shoots. Необыкновенно привлекательное растение, иногда называют «Пена мая» —за обильное эффектное весеннее цветение.
Посмотрите кустарник спирея на фото, где видны красивые бутоны и обрамляющая их листва:
Растение светолюбивое, морозостойкое, засухоустойчивое, хорошо переносит обрезку, растет медленно, годовой прирост около 15-20 см. The soil is undemanding, it can be grown on all types of cultivated garden soil from acidic to slightly alkaline. Spiraea sharp-toothed - a plant of hybrid origin, created in the late XIX century in Germany.
Look at these photos of spirea and the description of the bush will become clearer and more informative:
Summer types of shrubs with long flowering
In a separate group, you can select the types of spirea bush, blooming in summer. They are characterized by long flowering. Some summer species continue to delight the eye until the frost. In plants of this group, the inflorescences appear at the ends of the shoots of the current year. The following year, the tops of last year's shoots dry up, and the inflorescences form at the ends of young lateral shoots.
Japanese spirea —Shrub is hemispherical in shape, up to 1.5 m high, with elongated toothed leaves. In late June, large corymbose inflorescences appear at the ends of annual shoots. Flowering lasts until September.
The variety Goldflame forms a sprawling bush about 0.8 m high. Pink flowers stand out against the background of bright yellow young leaves. Macrophylla is a very decorative form with large wrinkled leaves and pink flowers that are lost among the foliage. In the undersized variety Crispa there are beautiful large-toothed, wavy leaves and pink-purple flowers.
Spirey Boumalda - low slow-growing shrub from 60 to 80 cm tall with upright, densely branched shoots forming a spherical crown. Leaves are lanceolate, pointed, with a sharp bicontelate margin.
In Anthony Waterer and Dart’s Red garden forms, leaves in spring when blooming are reddish or white-pink, in summer they are light green. The flowers are bright, painted in crimson or ruby-red color, collected in large (up to 15 cm in diameter) corymbose inflorescences. It blooms from July to September.
Spirea douglas - upright shrub up to 1.5 m with thick vertically growing shoots. The leaves are oblong, up to 10 cm long, and are distinguished by gray felt pubescence from the underside. The flowers are dark pink, collected in dense dense pyramidal inflorescences on the tops of the shoots. It blooms in June — July for 1.5 months. Shrub is good in group plantings, suitable for creating fences.
Spirea felt - slender shrub up to 1.5 m. Wrinkled leaves from the bottom covered with yellowish pubescence. Very good large pyramidal inflorescences, painted in pink or purple tones. Flowering continues from July to mid-September.
Planting and care for the crop during cultivation
When planning spirea planting and caring for a crop, it is worth remembering that these shrubs are light-requiring, drought-resistant and frost-resistant. Soil culture is undemanding, it can be grown on all types of cultivated garden soil: from acidic to slightly alkaline. However, it develops better on loose, moderately moist and fertile soils.
Caring for spiraea shrubs includes pruning, which is carried out immediately after flowering: remove thin and weak shoots, leave strong young growths. In adult bushes, periodically remove separate old branches in order to stimulate the growth of young shoots from the base of the bush.
Spireas look good in groups and low hedges. The variety of Japanese Goldflame spirea is combined with late yellow or orange tulips, yellow coreopsis, purple perennial bows. Bright crimson inflorescences of Spurya Bumald Anthony Waterer revealed simultaneously with white flowers of hydrangea paniculata. When planted together, these shrubs form a beautiful long-flowering group. A low grade spirea of the Japanese Crispa can be planted on an alpine hill.
Agrotechnology breeding seeds and cuttings
Reproduction of spiraea shrubs is possible with seeds, cuttings and root shoots. Planted this species singly, in groups or in low hedges. Early flowering spirea on agricultural technology planted in September. The distance between the bushes in groups is 0.6-0.7 m, while creating a hedge is 0.4-0.5 m.
Spireas, blooming in spring, lay flower buds on the shoots of last year, their flowering begins in the second year of life. Plants form numerous shoots (up to 60 pieces), which are removed as they age (after 7-12 years).
It is recommended to plant summer blooming spireas in spring before leaf blooming. A distinctive feature of summer species of spirea is flowering on the shoots of the current year, therefore, in early spring, adult bushes are subject to heavy pruning. Without pruning old bushes thicken and bloom badly. After the third year of life, old shoots are recommended to rejuvenate, removing the upper part and leaving shoots about 30 cm high from the ground.
Spirea species classification
For starters, it is worth remembering that all spireas are divided by flowering time.
Species such as spirea medium, sharp-toothed, lybivolistna, Vangutta, Thunberg, three-blade bloom in May - early June and belong to the group of spring-flowering spireas.
Another group of spireas is covered with inflorescences in July - August and belongs to the summer blooming. These include the dwarf, birch-leaved, Japanese, willow, white, Douglas and densely flowered.
For both groups, the choice of landing site, ground and landing technology are the same.
Soil and size of planting holes
Spiraea grows best and develop on loose, breathable lands with lots of humus. Of course, the plants will also grow on poor soils, but in this case they will not be able to show their beauty.
Size of landing holes determined as follows:
- If the soil on your site is exactly what a spirea loves, the pits for planting should be 25-30% larger than its root system and 40-50 cm deep.
- If the land at the place for cultivation is not entirely suitable, then it is advisable to dig a hole three times larger than the root system of the seedling. Both in width and in depth.
The mixture, which will fill the pit, make up of sand (river), peat and turf or leaf land. Moreover, the land is taken in two parts, but the sand and peat one by one.
Distance between landing holes depends on the placement of the sprayer and the flowering time:
- When flowering in a hedge, lettuce blooming spirea is planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, when arranged in several rows, the distance between the rows is 30-40 cm. In a group planting, they maintain a distance of 50-70 cm, sometimes up to 1 m.
- Spring blooming spireas are planted more freely. In hedges at a distance of 70 cm - 1 m, in group plantings - 1-1.5 m.
For group planting, the pit is dug at a distance of 50-70 cm.
Before planting on the bottom of the pit, the ground is poured first, and then the seedling is installed, all the roots must be smoothed out and only then everything is gently filled with earthen mixture.
The shrub is planted so that the root neck (the junction of the trunk and roots) is located at ground level.
Before planting, the root system must be inspected, cut off the broken and dried roots.
If you plant a sapling with a lump of earth, then after planting, carry out a good watering.
And if the root system is bare (without land), then it is placed for 12 or 24 hours in a solution of water and a root formation stimulator. It can be heteroauxin, succinic acid, indole acetic acid and other various drugs that can be purchased at any garden or flower center. Treated in this way, the plants are immediately planted in a permanent place of cultivation.
Still need to recall one nuance that should be considered when preparing the pit for planting. Although spireas love moisture, there should be no water (underground or after rain) near their roots, in any case. Therefore, if it is planted in the ground with a large amount of clay, then drainage is poured into the pit (dug 2-3 times more than the root system of the bush). To do this, usually use gravel or gravel. The height of the layer should be 10 -15 centimeters. Then the ground is poured over the drainage, into which a young spirea is being planted.
It is good to mulch the ground around the spirea with peat, sawdust or husk from seeds, nuts or buckwheat. The height of mulch is from 6 to 8 cm. It helps keep the soil moist and loose for a long time, and also reduces the amount of watering.
For full development and lush flowering, it is advisable to feed bushes with fertilizer with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements (for example, Kemira-Lux). This is done in early spring.
Spireas, flowering in July-August, it is also desirable to conduct another feeding in June.
To save the power of spirea, which go to the formation of seeds, you need to remove the inflorescences after flowering.
Growing spirea from seed
For sowing of seeds, wide and low containers are selected, which are filled with a mixture of peat (top) and leafy ground.
After sowing, the seeds are covered with a thin layer of peat or light earth (1 cm).
The first seedlings appear on the 8-10 day.
To prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases, the ground and the plants that have appeared need to be treated with phytosporin, a solution of potassium permanganate or a foundation.
After 60-90 days, young bushes are transferred to the garden bed (shade or partial shade) and they also pinch the roots. Then be sure to water and cover with a small layer of mulching material.
In the first 3-4 years of life, spireas must be regularly watered and loosened. But it is worth considering that the root system of young spireas is shallow in the ground and can be easily damaged.
Bushes obtained from seeds begin to bloom at 3 or 4 year of cultivation.
Perhaps the most formidable among them is the spider mite, since in one growing season there can appear from 8 to 10 generations of this pest. Whitish paniculate spots appear on the surface of the leaves on which the spider mite has settled. Then the leaves turn yellow in color, dry and fall off.
The number of spider mites increases significantly from July to August (in hot and dry summers).
To combat this pest, areox (a solution of 0.2 percent), metaphos, fosalon, keeltan, and phosphamide are used.
Also a lot of harm is caused by aphids, which feed on sap of leaves, pedicels and tender young shoots. It is especially dangerous from June to mid-August.
This pest can be destroyed by solutions of pyrimor, actellic, kronephos, fosalona. With a small lesion and help folk remedies, such as tincture of tobacco, chilli, onions, garlic, soapy water.
Blue sawfly and whitefly
Fitoverm, decis pro, can be used to combat these pests.
In addition to pests, spiraeus can affect fungal infections, such as gray mold and various blemishes. For the treatment of fungicidal drugs used, such as basezol, phytosporin-m, Ditan m-45, Bordeaux mixture, colloidal sulfur.
The author of the article is Milan, agronomist-grower and landscape designer, work experience 25 years, Russia.
Spirea is not new in floriculture and has been familiar to many for a long time. However, before she had the name tavolga or bride.
In its structure, it is more similar to the shrub. In nature, it can be found in most areas of the northern hemisphere: forest-steppe and semi-desert. It is also found in the Urals and in Siberia. It belongs to perennial deciduous shrubs, and there are a huge number of its species. Experts allocate about ninety copies. The plant can be found in various forms:
By its size, it is also diverse. Some shrubs grow up to half a meter in size, while others can reach two and a half meters in height.
Spirea foliage may also vary depending on the type of shrub. Their size may be small or large, and their shape may be round or lanceolate. The color palette ranges from golden yellow to dark green. By autumn, the shade of the leaves changes to orange or purple.
The color and shape of the inflorescences also depends on the plant variety. Shades can be white and red tones, but the shape of inflorescences is as follows:
On the shoot, they can be located along its entire length or only on the crown.
Spirea is a fairly unpretentious plant that does not require special care and looks very beautiful, so many gardeners and gardeners opt for it. To plant and care for her is not difficult at all.
Spirea varieties It is subdivided into two large groups. These are shrubs that bloom in spring, and shrubs that bloom in summer. From this, by the way, depends on the care of the plant, and its planting time.
Spring varieties give flowering on last year's shoots. They grow strongly and they form a large number of basal young shoots.
Flowers on summer varieties are formed only on young branches. Flowering can be long and sometimes multiple. Over time, old branches are replaced by young. Their life expectancy is about seven years. Flowers for the next year are formed on the shoots that branches on last year’s branches.
The following varieties can be distinguished from spring flowering shrubs:
- Spiraea gray - a hybrid, bred for quite some time. It has gray-green foliage and flowers of white shade, which are located along the entire branch and collected in scachous inflorescences. The height can reach up to two meters, but the falling type of shoots make it compact and neat. Flowering begins in May and ends in late June.
- Spirea Vangutta - differs in plentiful flowering from the end of May to June. It grows up to two meters. It has an unusual shade of foliage - bluish-green. The shade of flowers is white, they are collected in the inflorescences of the umbrella type.
- Spirea Nipponskaya - shrub, having a spherical shape and growing in height to one and a half meters. The foliage has a round shape, the flowers are white and cling to the shoot. Their flowering lasts an average of three weeks. It should be noted that this species is frost resistant and unpretentious to the type of soil.
The following species can be attributed to letnetsvetuschim shrubs:
- Spirey Shiroban is a relatively small bush that does not exceed a meter in height. It is showered with small leaves of saturated green color. Flowers may vary in shades. There are white and pink and even pink-red varieties. It blooms from July to August.
- Spirea Billard - is a hybrid of Douglas Spirea and Ivolist Spirea. Shrub is quite small, with sprawling branches. It has a wide foliage and pink flowers, which are collected in pyramidal inflorescences. He is able to bloom throughout the summer.
- Spirea is ivolistnaya. Pretty tall shrub that grows up to two meters in height. It has shoots with a reddish tinge and narrow long foliage. Flowers are white and yellow shades and are collected in pyramidal paniculate inflorescences. It is frost resistant.
Planting a spirea: basic rules
When planting it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that What type of shrub does a sapling. That is, whether it has flowering in the summer or spring. On this depends the time of landing. Therefore, when purchasing a sapling, this moment should be checked with the seller. Spirea blooming in summer is planted in spring. And the one that blooms in the spring, you need to plant in the fall, so that in the spring she had time to take root.
In the fall, spirea shrub is planted after fall foliage, and in spring - until the buds start to bloom.
The seedling itself should be prepared depending on how it was purchased. That is, did he have open roots or were in an earthy coma. Particular attention when buying plants should be paid root system. You need to carefully examine the roots and make sure that they are healthy and not dry.
Before planting a shrub, too long roots are pruned, if there are somewhere dry ends, they must be removed, as well as weak ones. The above-ground part should be shortened by one third. In the case when the root system is not visible and it is in an earthen coma, it should be slightly moistened, for which you can put the seedling in a bucket of water and then land it in a hole. If the earth lump is too dry, then the plant can be left in the water for a couple of hours. Do not worry if the earth is a little washed off from the roots.
Choosing a place for planting shrubs, some rules should be followed:
- the place should be bright and sunny
- it should not be in a valley, it is better that it was a hill,
- despite the fact that the plant is not picky to the soil, it is better that the earth is light and fertile.
Of course, the soil does not always meet the necessary requirements, but it is easy to fix. Spirea loves to have good moisture permeability in the soil, so it is imperative to take care of the drainage. And even if the land on the site is very fertile, then a small dressing will not harm the spirea bush. The pit for planting is prepared as follows:
- soil is removed in accordance with the size of the pit, which should be on average fifty centimeters deep and wide.
- drainage is made at the bottom, which can serve as a brick crumb or expanded clay. The height of the drainage layer should be from ten to fifteen centimeters.
- земля, которую вынули, смешивается с песком и торфом в соотношении 2:1:1. То есть, 2 части земли и по одной части торфа и песка.
- на дренаж высыпают горкой небольшую часть подготовленного грунта.
На этом яма для посадки спиреи готова. Если кустов планируется сажать несколько, то между ними следует обязательно соблюдать дистанцию. Она должна быть не менее полуметра. А лучше больше. Если спирея сажается в качестве живой изгороди, то этот промежуток можно сократить.
Final landing stage - This is the placement of a seedling in a hole. It is placed on the soil poured by a hill, having previously straightened the roots. Then the pit must be filled with the remaining soil and firmly tamped. Immediately after planting, bushes require abundant watering. On one bush is 10−15 liters of water. After that, the surface of the soil near the bush is better to mulch with sawdust, peat or compost.
The process of caring for a plant in the open field is simple, but in order for the shrub to grow well and be pleasing to the eye, it is necessary to treat it with attention.
Spirea is good with moisture and therefore she needs frequent watering. In particular, those bushes that have just recently been planted and those that bloom begins in summer. Saplings plentifully water for the fastest process of rooting and fast growth. And so that the moisture does not evaporate too quickly, the soil next to them is better to mulch. The blooming spring species of spirea require moderate watering.
In order for the plant to bloom profusely and for a long time, it should be fed from time to time. This can be done using special mineral fertilizers or organic additives. If organic is used, it is better to take cow dung or bird droppings. They need to make infusions. For a mullein infusion, take one part of the manure and add six parts of water to it. Such a solution should be infused for at least ten days. Then one liter of fermented slurry is taken and ten liters of water is added to it. You can add to the infusion of 10 grams of superphosphate, but do it better before flowering.
The first time feeding is carried out in early springafter trimming a bush. Then in the middle of June. Young bushes begin to feed, two years after planting.
Planting and care for spirea (in brief)
- Landing: in September, in rainy or overcast weather. In the spring you can plant only letnetsvetuschie species.
- Bloom: Species are divided into those that bloom in spring, and those that bloom in summer.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: loose, fertile, consisting of turf or leafy land with the addition of peat and sand.
- Watering: in the dry season - 15 liters of water for each bush 2 times a month.
- Top dressing: twice per season: in early spring after pruning with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers, in the middle of summer with a mullein solution with the addition of superphosphate.
- Trimming: in spring-flowering species in early spring, only the tips frost-bitten over the winter are cut, but after 15 years the plant is cut into a stump for rejuvenation. The shoots of letne-flowering species are pruned every spring to strong buds, and after 4 years, the bush is cut to a height of 30 cm in order to rejuvenate.
- Reproduction: seed and vegetative (by dividing the bush, cuttings and layering).
- Pests: pink miners, rosaceous leafworms, spider mites, aphid.
- Diseases: not sick
Spirea Shrub - description
Plants of the spirea genus are both dwarf (15 cm) and very tall (up to two and a half meters). The root system is shallow, fibrous. The branches are creeping or erect, spread out or lying, from light brown to dark, the bark tends to exfoliate longitudinally. Leaves petiolate, alternate, three-five-lobed, lanceolate or rounded. Spiraeus flowers are small, but numerous, forming a variety of inflorescences - paniculate, spicate, pyramidal, corymbose. The color of the flowers is varied, from boiled white to raspberry. Different species of spirea inflorescences are located differently: in some around the shoot, others - only on the upper part of the shoot, some - only at the ends of the branches. Spirea multiply by dividing the bush, seeds, layering and cuttings.
Spiraea flower is used for group plantings for hedges. Spiry dwarf varieties are great for rockeries, stony gardens and for creating live "carpet". Spirea bush looks great as a single plant.
Spring blooming spirea.
They are distinguished not only by early flowering, but also by the fact that they are characterized by flowers of various shades of exceptionally white color, which bloom on last year's shoots. Flowering begins only in the second year of the escape. These spirays are characterized by strong tillering. In the culture of such species are popular:
Spirea is gray.
It is a hybrid spiraea bee beet and whitish-gray - in fact it is white spirea, and gray is called because of the color of the leaves. Shrub reaches a height of 180 cm, drooping branches, lanceolate gray-green leaves on the underside are gray, scaly-like inflorescences of white flowers are located along the entire length of the branch. It blooms from mid-May to mid-June. The most popular variety:
Spirea Gray "Grefsheim": the diameter and height of the shrub of this variety is 1.5-2 m, drooping branches, spreading crown, red-brown branches, flowers up to 1 cm in diameter, snow-white, terry, collected in umbrellas. Plant - honey plant, blooms up to 45 days, starting from the second year,
The Cantonese and three-blade spirea hybrid is a huge bush with a diameter and height of up to 2 m, drooping branches, toothed leaves, bare, three-lobed, dark green above, gray-blue below, turn red-orange in autumn. Numerous hemispherical inflorescences consist of white flowers in diameter up to 0.6 cm and are located along the entire length of the branch. It blooms in mid-June, sometimes blooms again in August,
In nature, it grows on the island of Honshu, reaches a height of 2 m, the crown is spherical, dense, the branches are horizontal, green until late autumn leaves are up to 4.5 cm in length, it blooms for three weeks from the beginning of June with corymbose inflorescences consisting of yellow-green flowers up to 1 cm in diameter, with purple flowers in the bud,
The earliest spring blooming spirey. Sprawling bush 1.5-2 m in height of a very beautiful shape, drooping flowering branches, like a foamy waterfall, consisting of numerous white fragrant flowers, flowing along the entire length of the branches. Argut blooms for three weeks from the end of May.
Very beautiful shrub with felted shoots, while they are young, and naked when they grow old. The height of the bush is 1-1.5 m, the leaves are oblong, ovate, gray-gray below, green above, autumn yellow, red, purple. Japanese spirea blooms to 45 days with red-pink flowers, collected in paniculate-corymbose inflorescences, located at the ends of the shoots. Most popular varieties:
Spirea Japanese Little Princesses - shrub with a height of only 0.6m, crown diameter 1.2 m, round crown, leaves oval, dark green, corymbose inflorescences consist of red-pink flowers 3-4 cm in diameter, blooms in June-July, grows very slowly ,
Spirea Japanese Golden Princess - a variety of the previous variety, differs from it in that it grows to a height of 1 m and its leaf color is yellow,
Spirea Japanese Shiroban - low shrub (0.6-0.8 m), but crown diameter 1.2 m, leaves lanceolate, dark green, small (2 cm). White or pink flowers bloom in July or August
Japanese Spirea Goldflame - height is 0.8 m, yellow-orange leaves eventually turn bright yellow, then green-yellow, and in the autumn - copper-orange. The flowers are red-pink, small,
Spirea Japanese Crispas - open-cut low-growing shrub up to half a meter in width and slightly larger, spherical crown, numerous upright shoots, inflorescences - flat umbrellas with a diameter of 5.5 cm from small pale pink flowers with a purple tint, blooms from July 1.5-2 months.
In addition to the Japanese spirea, there are such types of letune blossoms:
A hybrid of Japanese and white flowered spireas is a short shrub from 50 cm to 80 cm high. The shoots are upright. The leaves, green in summer, are especially picturesque in autumn - red, purple, yellow. It blooms for about two months, starting in July with flowers from pale pink to dark pink. Popular variety:
Spirey Bumald Goldfleim - spirea, 0.8 cm tall, leaves are bronze-orange in their youth, then turn yellow-golden, then yellow-green, and in the autumn - copper-red. But these changes occur if the bush is in the sun, in the shade the leaves are green,
Spirea is a willow.
Two-meter shrub with straight-growing shoots of red-yellow-brown color, pointed leaves - up to 10 cm in length, white or pink flowers are collected in pyramidal paniculate inflorescences about 20 cm long,
One and a half meter bush with straight, pubescent red-brown shoots. Leaves 3-10 cm long, oblong-lanceolate, dark pink flowers are collected in apical, narrow panicle-pyramidal inflorescences, bloom for six weeks from July to September,
Douglas Spirea Hybrid and willow leaf - the height of the bush is up to 2 m, the leaves are broad-lanceolate up to 10 cm long, the flowers are bright pink, collected in narrow twenty-centimeter pyramidal paniculate inflorescences. It blooms from mid-July.
Spirea Cultivation - Features
Each plant has its own requirements for planting and care. Growing spirea also has its own characteristics:
- - prefers spiraea soil sheet or sod. The optimal composition: one part of sand and peat and two parts of the earth,
- - the drainage layer is obligatory, it is possible to use a broken brick,
- - planting spirea is carried out in a pit, which is a third more volume than butt plants,
- - planting depth - at least half a meter, and the root neck of the plant should be at the surface level,
- - It is necessary to plant spirea in cloudy weather, and even better - in the rain. The best time is September.
- - the best neighbors for spirea - juniper, spruce, thuja.
How to care for spiraea.
We have already spoken about the basic requirements of the spirea: bright lighting (although many species grow well in penumbra), loose fertile soil, good drainage and mulching with a seven centimeter layer of peat immediately after planting. What else is needed for spirea to delight you with its beautiful and long flowering?
Since spiraea has a shallow root system, it does not tolerate dry soil and begins to dry out, therefore it needs moderate watering during the dry season: 15 liters of water per bush twice a month. Soil loosening necessarily, like regular weeding. Spirea feeding is carried out by complex mineral fertilizer after trimming a bush, and in the middle of summer it would be good to fertilize spiraeus with a solution of mullein with the addition of superphosphate at the rate of 10 g per 10 l of solution.
Of the pests most are plague spirea aphid and spider mite. The tick is destroyed by karbofos, and the aphid is destroyed by the pyrimor preparation. But for the most part, spireas are not susceptible to diseases, and pests cannot do much harm to their beauty and reduce the decorative qualities of the spirea.
Spirea after flowering
As has been said more than once, care for spirea is not difficult, including in terms of preparing the plant for a rest period. Almost all species and varieties of spirea tolerate cold, but if the winter is very frosty and, most importantly, snowless, you can take care of the plant by covering the roots of the bush for the winter with a layer of foliage of 10-15 cm. In any case, the will be.