If you think that in the absence of design and gardening skills you will not be able to create an attractive flower arrangement on your own plot, you are mistaken. You should not spend money on landscape design services, because you can decorate the garden yourself!
So that you do not face difficulties at the initial stage of creating a flower bed, use long-term planting material. It is very easy to care for such flowers, and they will be happy for a long time with their fragrance and beauty.
Flower bed of perennials for beginners
Content step by step instructions:
What you need to mean novice gardeners about perennial flowerbeds
A harmonious floral arrangement is not just plants planted in a chaotic manner, but a whole scheme where everything should be thought out to the smallest detail. If you still do not know what your flowerbed will look like, take a look at a few simple suggested options:
- Flower island. Such a bed is often called a bright spot. It is extremely simple to implement, as there are no clear boundaries. It is nice enough to place several types of plants. It will suit those who want to fill the space in the wasteland.
- Living fence. Want to make a beautiful track or fence? Plant hardly one or several plant varieties!
- Illusion. The bottom line is creating a landscape with flowers. It is desirable to have such compositions in large areas. The simplest variation is the “stream”. The technique of its creation will be described in detail below.
- Coating. If you create such a flower bed, looking at it from afar, it will seem as if you spread a three-dimensional carpet on the ground. The rug can be portrayed anywhere!
- Pattern. Heart, daisy, asterisk - all this is easily “drawn” with your own hands.
Multi-level flower bed-island of perennials
How to avoid mistakes when creating a perennial flower beds?
Inexperienced gardeners often quit what they started, as soon as something goes wrong. This list contains the most common errors that should not be allowed:
- Creating complex compositions. Before trying to portray that which requires clarity, practice your work by making simple flowerbeds.
- The combination of plants, flowering in different seasons, in a small flowerbed. Gorgeous blooming with faded buds is not a very aesthetic landscape. Pay attention to the flowering time of each selected variety.
- Ignoring the rules of care. Light-loving plants should be planted in sunny areas, moisture-loving varieties should be watered abundantly - you should learn this and other care principles from consultants in a seed shop and take them into account.
- Non-compliance with the rules of color. Of course, all the flowers are beautiful, but when the stain formed by the flowerbed is too bright and flashy, it can indicate the bad taste of the creator.
A perennial flower garden of pink flowers
Colors are a separate topic that cannot be ignored. It is not difficult to form beautiful contrast and monochromatic combinations, therefore you will certainly manage on your own. Now in vogue new trend - ombre. It is either a color streamer or a smooth rainbow transition. The gradient looks very stylish and luxurious. The table shows the options for cold and warm ombre. Attention: shades of colors must be in the order specified!
Types of flower beds
What is a flower garden? These are areas that combine ornamental deciduous, flowering, grass and shrub plantings. These also include garden paths and architectural structures. The sizes of flower beds are very diverse - from small to huge. There is also a proportional relationship between plants and their surrounding forms.
Attention! “Golden proportion” is an ideal ratio in which the first number should be greater than the second, and their sum is equal to the third.
There is a classification of flower beds depending on their types:
- Modular. The combination of plants with garden tiles and small architectural forms (fountains, flowerpots, etc.).
- Mixborders. The combination of different colors in one composition. They are usually located along a house, paved walkway or hedge in the form of an oblong strip.
- Tapeworms. The types of flower beds, which are divided according to one principle: color shades, height, foliage, etc.
- Rabatki. Narrow planting of flowers, having mostly one tone. Or decorated in the form of a geometric ornament. Often rabatki are part of a bed of perennials.
- Curbs. Strips of small plants. Used as decoration of individual elements of the perennial flower bed.
- Rockery The combination of the living and the dead. Namely plants and stones. Another name rockeries - stone gardens.
- Rock gardens. Flower gardens, combining alpine plants growing on a small hill.
Creating a Perennial Scheme for Newbies
Beautiful and well-groomed flower garden - the dream of many gardeners. But before proceeding to its creation, you need to carefully study and select the appropriate scheme. You can do it yourself, but it is much easier to use ready-made visual schemes. Time-tested perennial projects are sure to please you.
Scheme №1: a simple version of long flowering
An interesting composition composed of unpretentious perennial plants. Its distinguishing feature is the duration of flowering.
- Panic pink phlox. The ideal period for planting - the beginning of autumn or spring. This plant feels great in sandy and drained soils. Flowering continues from mid-summer until autumn.
- Pale pink astilbe. The flowering of various species usually lasts from late June to August. Astilba loves regular fertilization and occasional soil loosening.
- Purple with a silver shade daylily. Planting is carried out in the spring in the soil, carefully fertilized and drained. The plant prefers loam with an acidity in the range of 6 to 6.5 pH.
- Geykher with lavender foliage. It grows in non-stagnant soils. Flowering occurs from May to July.
- Geranium. Flowering from July to autumn. In the flowering period, the bushes of the plant acquire lush forms. It blooms from mid-summer to the end of the season, forming lush bushes with pale purple flowers.
Scheme №2: curly bed "Heart"
To create a curly flower bed is best to use low plants. One of the interesting options is the heart.
- External contours of the heart can be performed using peonies. Particularly interesting will be the composition, made in pink and maroon tones. For this you need to plant alternately pink and burgundy peonies.
- Roses are suitable as inner space.
Scheme 4: Perennials blooming in the first year
This option is suitable for those who do not want to wait a whole year before the first flowering of their flower beds. To do this, you need to pick up plants that will please their flowering immediately after planting in the ground.
- Plant two-year-old mallows of yellow and white in the background of a flower bed.
- Sunflower is suitable to supplement mallow.
- The bright spots of the flower bed will be St. John's wort odorous and Irish poppy.
- Lobelia Cardinal will occupy a central location in a flower bed. This perennial has lush bushes.
- Kotovnik Fassena, the bell of Poskharsky, and also Kalanchoe will be small blue accents at the edges of the flower garden.
- Gravilat suitable for decoration flower garden in the summer, and readings - in the fall.
Land preparation and landing
Once you have decided on the place and type of future flower beds, you need to prepare the soil for planting. Preparatory work has a separate list:
- Cleaning stones, leaves and debris.
- Removal of bugs and other pests.
- Digging the soil to a depth of about 50 cm.
- Weed removal.
The next important step is soil preparation. It is loamy, black earth, sandy, clay, sandy and light.
Clay soil In order to improve its quality, it is necessary to add peat, sand and organic matter to it. You will also need to make a drainage layer. To do this, you will need crushed stone, sand, gravel and broken brick. The height of the drainage is usually about 15 cm.
Sandy soil. For such a soil drainage is absolutely not necessary, because the water goes too fast, which can lead to the death of plants. Nevertheless, the preparation of the soil consists in lining the bottom with humus, manure, peat, clay composition and organic fertilizers. The height of the layer is about 10 cm.
Attention! Do not forget to take into account the acidity of the soil before planting flowers.
After you decide on the shape of the flower bed, fertilizer is applied to the soil. This is a mixture of organic fertilizer and mineral fertilizers. If necessary, drainage is done. Then the ground is leveled with a rake.
Ready soil for the flower bed should be 10-15 cm above ground level. This is done so that the water does not linger in the soil. So, for many bulbous plants, excess moisture is detrimental.
Perennial flower beds - garden decoration. It is not necessary to have professional skills in landscape design in order to improve your personal plot. It is enough to have the desire to create a flower bed with your own hands. It is worth noting that there is a huge variety of schemes on how to make a flower garden with your own hands. The advantage of finished projects of flowerbeds is that you will know in advance what kind of result awaits you. And choosing perennial plants, you get the opportunity to admire your creation more than one year.
Creating a flower bed and selection of plants
Before picking perennial flowers for a flower bed, it is necessary to decide where such a garden will be located. Here everything will depend on the size of the suburban area or garden, as well as on how built up the territory. For example, if the house is in the background, and there is a large free platform in front of it, you can make a flower bed oval, circular or figured, located in the center of the courtyard or framing the driveway.
To create such a flower bed you can combine hyacinths, tulips and imperial grouse. And in order for such a creation to please the hosts and guests with its decorative effect not only in the warm season, the composition can be supplemented with hosts, different types of glassland, decorative yarrow and other cold-resistant plants.
For a small suburban area this flower garden will be a real salvation, which will be located right next to the house. When choosing this option in the background it will be possible to plant low-growing plants:
- Lupins and other creepers.
In the center of the composition you can land the hosts, which retain their decorative effect until the first frost. The foreground can be filled with ground cover plants: awl-shaped phlox, as much as others.
The selection rules are very simple: all you need to do is to select plant species that are similar in terms of the composition of the soil, the degree of light, abundance and frequency of irrigation.
Classification by degree of difficulty of care
To avoid difficulties in the care of selected plants, you need to focus on your experience gardener. In order to make perennial flower beds with their own hands delight with bright flowering, the plants should receive proper nutrition and care. By the level of their demands, the plants used to create flower beds can be divided into several groups:
- Unpretentious to watering, soil and lightness. This group includes: aconite, geranium, stonecrop, gelenium, brunner, perennial poppies, doronicum, mallow, cleans. These plants do not need constant attention, annual planting and other troubles.
- Moderately time consuming. Flowers that belong to this group require only properly selected soil and some other planting conditions. To prevent neglect and loss of ornamentation, certain types of perennials will have to be seated at least once every three years. For this, daylilies, arabis, bells, garden cornflowers, watersheds, aquilegia, royal and Turkish carnations, irises, gaillardias, phloxes, delphiniums, sage, echinacea are suitable.
- Laborious. If you want to create unpretentious beds of perennials of continuous flowering, then the culture will have to be developed gradually. With all its decorative plants need daily scrupulous care. They must be protected from direct sunlight, frost, disease and pests. The plants of this group include tuberous and bulbous: dahlias, lilies, hyacinths, gladioli. Begonias, roses, enotera and other flower bed decorations are also distinguished by their demanding conditions for their growth and care.
Bright color accents
So that the front garden always pleases the eye, but did not give the impression of floral chaos, you need to carefully approach the choice of shades of the plants you need for a bed of continuous flowering of perennials. At the same time, it is recommended to draw a planting diagram with colored pencils, paint a schematic representation of the future flower garden and evaluate the compatibility of tones. After that, you can take into account the generalized pattern of shades of the main decorative and deciduous perennials:
- Different shades of yellow: orebeckia, gelenium, solidaga, gemerocallis.
- White: Achilles, white-hooded varieties of host and variegated garden euphorbia.
- Reds: new Belgian aster, new England aster, wares, small-brilliant.
- Violet: lanceoliferous hosts, variegated varieties of this group of plants, some varieties of aconites.
- Blue: irises, cornflowers, astilbe, horned aconites.
Of course, this is not the whole list of perennials that are suitable for creating a bed of permanent flowering. Such a garden can be supplemented at its discretion, focusing on the classification of flowers according to the degree of their simplicity. In the end, you get a bed of perennials in its beauty, which will not yield to compositions, created by the best landscape designers.
Creating a flower bed scheme
When you have decided on the choice of plants, it is necessary to draw a diagram of the future flower garden. So it will be much easier to determine the shape, size, location relative to the main structure. So that in the future it would be possible without problems and to quickly transfer the finished created project to the land plot, it must be divided into separate squares. The same procedure will have to be done for the entire site, selecting the appropriate scale. So it will be much easier to determine the specific location of the flowers. Zones on the ground can be marked with pegs connected each other with ropes or lime powder.
Features multi-tiered landings
Multi-level flowerbed allows others to admire its beauty from any angle. In this case, the plants themselves receive a maximum of sunlight. To get a round or oval flower bed of perennials, tall plants, for example, delphiniums or mallow, must be placed in the center. You can surround these flowers with asters, hosts, as well as other flowers that differ in average height. Complete the pattern with low cover plants.
For rectangular beds or planting, which are bordered by various buildings, tall flowers should be placed in the background. Some of them can be placed on the sides as an original accent.
It is necessary to take into account that the plants will gradually grow. That is why it is necessary to leave vital space for them, temporarily filling such spaces with bright annual flowers: nasturtiums, marigolds, and zinnias.
Garden for different seasons
You can also make flower beds of continuous flowering for different seasons of the year. Here it is also necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the requirements in the care of plants that will be used to create a flower garden:
- Spring. To compose this flowerbed, it is best to use early tulips, daffodils, primula, hyacinths, pansies, forget-me-nots, and willows. In general, any early flowers that delight the eye with an organic combination of tones will be required.
- Summer. In summertime, calendula, petunias, godecia, zinnias, roses, alissum, colorful gladioli, sunny ore beckia, daylilies, hydrangeas, and lilies can be used. Particular attention should be paid to plants that are distinguished by a long flowering period, this includes unpretentious garden geranium, catnip, ornamental yarrow and many other plants.
- Autumn. Autumn days, too, can please with bright colors. To do this, you only need to pick in advance the flowers that bloom with the onset of autumn. These include tall and dwarf chrysanthemums, cannes, dahlias, cleansing, rudbeksia, geleniumy and many original ornamental herbs.
- Winter. With the arrival of winter, you can decorate your flower garden with decorative cabbage. No less elegant will look amazing flower hellebore, which can maintain its beauty even under a layer of snow.
If you need a simple, but at the same time spectacular flower bed of continuous flowering or a perennial rabat, the diagrams prepared by the specialists will help to completely transform your summer cottage.
The easiest option
Pink astilba and paniculate phloxes will allow making pink-purple blotches into the composition. Paniculate phlox should be planted in mid-March or early September. Для этого применяется хорошо дренированная почва. Розовая астильба высаживается с наступлением весны, а для поддержания длительного цветения надо регулярно рыхлить грунт и вносить подкормки.
Лилейник внесет фиолетовые нотки в сад. Растения высаживаются в начале весны. For planting is applied enriched with organic matter and a drainage layer of loam.
Lavender-silver geyher will give originality to the flowerbed. To maintain the decorativeness of this plant, it is necessary to plant it in a light soil. Particular attention should be paid to the quality of drainage.
To complete the picture of an ideal flowerbed of continuous flowering can purple gorgeous geranium, which is distinguished by its lush flowering.
For a brightly lit area
To arrange a beautiful flower bed for a brightly lit area, you need to pick up some open space, in any case not along the fence. The first in such a flowerbed will be a catchment, which can please the eye with its original bells in April. Following these plants, fragrant hybrid tea roses are blooming. Fire notes can give gallardy and daylilies to the flowerbed. These flowers will decorate the flower garden in early May, until the end of August.
With the arrival of June, the sunflower blooms, and in July the scarlet laureate will delight, which grows up to one and a half meters in height. With her beauty can compete except that the background plant is Chinese miscanthus. Undersized thyme and sage can play the role of a curb.
Creating complex compositions
Complicated flowerbeds are whole multi-level compositions, the creation of which will require uneven, multi-colored, including ever-flowering, shrubs and flowers.
Plants on regular beds should be planted strictly in a certain order, based on a clearly geometric shape. At the same time, it is necessary to observe symmetry and correctly distribute cultures in several groups. At the same time, all flowers should bloom at the same time, creating a complex pattern. These flower beds for the suburban area are not quite a good choice, since at the end of flowering the flower bed will have to be updated.
Alpine slides arrangement requires certain skills and a lot of time. To draw it, stones of various sizes, pebbles, large crushed stone and sand are used. Flowers are surrounded by ornamental moss, which is the main component of the hill. For the device slides in the country you must use dwarf trees and shrubs.
Another complex type of flower beds are cascading flower beds. Flowers are planted in open stands of stone, plastic and pipes of different diameters and other materials. These stands should be placed near the walls of the building or on the terrace in the shade.
The formation of carpet flower beds is considered another difficult option for arranging a summer cottage. This type of flower garden needs a lot of space, so for a small area it will not work. Besides, the gardener must have a lot of experience, to correctly make a pattern and pick up the plants. Quite often, dwarf cultures are used to create patterns, and the more they are, the more colorful the drawing will be. Let it be a teapot, a heart or geometric shapes, for example.
In order to properly form flowerbeds of annuals or perennials, it is necessary to prepare in advance the planning of the future flower garden. It is also necessary to constantly take into account the similar needs of the plant, which will be used to create such a composition.
Perennial flowers - the best basis for creating flower beds
There are two types of flowers. The first group includes those that are called annual plants - in the spring you plant seeds, and they grow and bloom just one season. The second group includes flowers that are called perennial, that is, perennials that require more care and attention, but they will delight gardeners for more than one year in a row.
Perennials have a number of advantages that are appreciated by flower growers:
- The variety of species is huge, and this is very important when creating a large flower bed.
- The duration of the life of the plant. At the end of the season, only the upper part dies, but the roots can live for more than 6 years (not on all plants).
- Convenience of transplantation and reproduction of flowers, since you can use rhizome, seeds and shoots, which will be convenient when creating new flower beds.
- A huge number of plants that are medicinal in nature, which will please people who would like to have their own "green pharmacy".
Rules for creating flower beds of perennials
Already the process of developing and creating a flower bed is compared with art, because even when designing you should take into account the fact that at different times of the year the flower garden will look different. If you have created the project correctly, you will get a bed of continuous flowering, where one flowering plant will be replaced by other plants immediately and all this during the summer.
You should start planning a flower garden when you have already completed the zoning of the territory and already know where and in what place you will have paths, beds, bushes and trees.
Should pay attention
When you start creating your beautiful perennial flower bed, you should pay attention to:
- Climate. Choosing plants, give preference to those who will be comfortable in your climate zone.
- Individual features of the site. If you use the reliefs of the area where you live, you can not only correctly distribute the free space, but also create original design options.
- Type of soil. An important parameter, which is a lot and decides what will happen to your flowerbed. If you have fertile black soil, the ideal choice would be lupine, bell, mallow. If you have a stony, sandy or loamy soil, sage, flax, valerian would be an excellent option. The soil in the swamps is good for growing asters, yarrow and nivyanik. Dry land is not a problem, since it is in such conditions that phlox, cosmea, gaillardia and carnation will ideally grow.
- Sunshine In places where the sun shines for more than 6 hours a day, plant peonies, phloxes, asters, and poppies. If the light in your chosen place is limited to 4 to 6 hours, then it is better to choose irises, astilba, primula, aquilation. Shady flower beds will be ideal for lily of the valley, host and fern.
- Duration of flowering and planting density. It will not be superfluous to plant the plants a little less than you usually do, since with a large number of germinated seeds, the plants can simply begin to “slaughter” each other.
A color scheme
It has long been established by psychologists that even color can drastically change a person’s mood in all areas of life. For this reason, when creating a flower garden of perennials, beginners should pay special attention to this. If you manage to competently create color combinations, your flower bed will be more aesthetic. When distributing colors, it will be important to familiarize yourself with the standard principles for choosing a palette and mixing colors:
- A lot of color combination depends on the game of shadows and light, so the smooth leaves of plants will reflect the light, and the opposite of matte, absorb.
- For the unity of the brightness of colors, you should use one color palette - warm or cold.
- To visually enlarge a bed of small size, minimize the number of colors and get rid of excessive contrast.
- To visually enlarge the flower bed, place blue flowers behind you and plant red or yellow species in front.
- If the foreground of the flower bed is saturated, then the back should be calm.
- If you want to create an original and beautiful flowerbed from a lot of years (or even a flower bed), plant not very saturated colors, for example, pink, white or blue. You should arrange contrasting flowers in small groups, which will occupy no more than 1/6 of the whole space.
- According to the rules of floristics in the garden you can not have more than one flower bed with very bright flowers. Also try not to overdo the contrasts during the design.
- If your main plant is very rich in color, it should be diluted with more calm shades.
- When planting, measure the area of different colors. For example, on a background of blue flowers, a small red spot from flowers will be quite appropriate, and if it is larger, it will only cause irritation.
- The main color of the flower composition should be chosen shade according to the purpose of the flower bed and its location, more precisely, the climatic zone. It is noted that city dwellers love moderate shades, while villagers love bright colors that are almost impossible to find in nature.
Perennial flower beds for beginners
Flowerbeds can be of different geometric shapes, while they are divided into two large groups - with regular and irregular compositions.
- Regular composition It contains in its concept the presence of a pattern (geometric), while the plants bloom at the same time and there is a clear border between them.
- Irregular composition has a difference in the form of grouping plants. It happens that the beds with irregular compositions are more optimal, since perennials will bloom in turn, which will increase the total flowering time.
According to ready-made schemes, you can correctly create a flower bed that will be pleasing to the eye. With the scheme you will pick flowers that will best suit your flower garden. At the same time, no matter what you choose the shape of the flower bed, there is a certain pattern of planting flowers. In the center there should be tall and bright species, the middle part should be plants, medium in size, and low-growing long flowers or ornamental grass along the edges.
- Rectangle. This is a flower bed with a clear form. Inside the flowerbed you can make a picture if you combine different plants.
- Oval. As another option, you can create an oval flower bed. According to this scheme, you can make a clear zoning.
- A circle. This is another simple figure that will be ideal for a flower garden. Typically, these flower beds are used in gardens, as this simplifies access to other plants.
- Triangle. Not quite the usual form of flower beds, which, if desired, you can "fit" in a limited space.
In addition to these basic forms that are easy to perform even for a beginner, there are some more:
- Spring Symphony (round). According to the scheme you need to land: 1 - pink matiolla, 2 - red zinnia, 3 - white vervain. There are only three shades - white, pink, red, which looks very harmonious with the right landing.
- Flowerbed "concentric" which is made of concentric circles (which it is not difficult to draw on your own). Here such flowers are used: 1 - dark-leaved callas, 2 - fluffy gnafalium, 3 - perilla nankinenzis.
- Flowerbed contrast ("white & pink"). This is a square flowerbed, in which the predominant shades are white and red. Such perennials for the flowerbed will be used: 1 - gypsophila, 2 - physical strategy, 3 - obrietta, 4 - phloxes, 5 - physical strategy, 6 - clematis, 7 - arabis, 8 - day lily, 9 - arterias, 10 - lupine, 11 - irises , 12 - Nivyanik.
- Flowerbed in the shade "Colorful Summer". A feature of the flower bed is a large number of plants that love the shade. You will need: 1 - Astilba Arends, 2 - primrose, 3 - bell, 4 - periwinkle, 5 - buzulnik toothed, 6 - badan, 7 - purple foxglove, 8 - brunner large leaf.
In the past few years, high beds have become very common, which are made on boxes just below a meter. Such a flower bed does not require any frills in care; there will be fewer weeds on it, but creating and planting it is much more difficult than simple flower beds.
Sometimes you want to create a perennial flower bed with your own hands in conditions where there is little light, for example, along a wall or in the shadow of a fence. In this case, choose plants that will be comfortable in the shade. You can create the following flower beds for such schemes:
- Flower bed shadow (under the fence). You will plant in it: 1 - Chubushnik, 2 - Badan, 3 - cuff (soft), 4 - nimble, 5 - lupine, 6 - daylily variegated.
- Flower Garden (along the northern part of the house). On such a bed you will need to plant: 1-3 - several varieties of host, 4-5 - thuja, 6 - astilba, 7 - buzulnik toothed, 8 - host, 9 - black spruce, 10 - badan, 11 - astilba, 12 - citrine ordinary.
Types of perennials for a small garden
The best options for planting are:
- Endress Geranium. The plant is unpretentious, lives well without moisture, blooms from June to August.
- Aconite. Plant wrestler, blooms July-August.
- Delphinium. The plant, which is widely distributed in the middle lane, flowering period - June-July, so if you cut it at a small distance from the ground, it can again give color.
- Avens. A flower that is one of the first to wake up and bloom (in May). May begin to bloom again, in September.
- Dicentra. A popular perennial, flowering period - April-May.
- Bell. The flower of the shadow, begins to bloom from June.
- Doronicum plantain. Plant for which it will ideally be in a wet and shady place.
- Meconopsis A plant with minimal requirements, it is only important to remove wilted buds. The flowering period is May-June.
- Sage. A very popular plant, when pruning starts to bloom again. Flowering period - from June to August.
- Hellebore. The flower that feels best in the shade on fertile soil.
- Funkia. Deciduous ornamental plant, which is used in the flower bed to create green mass.
- Mallow musky. Perennial, which is not picky about the conditions and feels great even in the shade. It blooms from June to September.
- Sight The plant is from the family of succulents, blooms from July to September.
The choice of plants for one flower bed at the time of flowering will help create an irregular flower garden that will please the eye from May to September.
Mixed Rose Garden - the perfect combination
If you want a flower bed of perennials for beginners that will be beautiful, you should try growing a mixed rose garden. The term itself means a flower bed where roses are grown exclusively. But in central Russia, where the summer is not as long as we would like, mixed rose gardens are created, where there will be many plants of different species in the flower garden. There are several interesting perennial flowerbed schemes.
- In cold tones. The flowerbed is made in pink and lilac gamut (necessarily cold shades), which create the impression of coolness and freshness. In the diagram: 1 - Gerhera, 2 - Rose William Shakespeare, 3 - Chistets, 4 - Lavender, 5 - Clematis, 6 - Rose Queen of Sweden, 7 - Rose Mary Rose, 8 - Rose Gertrude Jekyll.
- Contrast. This is a flower bed, which is built on a white and red color with a bush that will bloom all year. The following plants are used: 1 - weeds, 2 - hosts, 3 - Gartnefreud rose, 4 - panicle hydrangea, 5 - Rose Aspirin Rose, 6 - Amadeus rose, 7 - Hansaland rose, 8 - horizontal juniper, 9 - dwarf spruce, 10 - Rose Snevitch.
Flowerbed for the lazy
For those who do not want to invest a lot of energy in the creation of a flower bed on the estate, but want to have flowers on the plot, there is a flower bed for the lazy. In such a flower garden plants are planted, which almost do not need care, and they are not demanding in terms of top dressing or watering. In this case, the flowering of such species can be from early spring to late autumn.
Usually online stores that sell flowers, ready to offer newcomers to gardening ready-made options, where there will be a scheme and the necessary shoots.
An interesting option would be an oval flower garden, in which you can plant bright peonies in the center, after astilba, stonecrop on the right, geranium on the left, and make a rim from a hookana or host. On the flowerbed you can plant another phlox or aster, which will only make the overall background brighter.
Important: the cost of such a project without flowers is 650-750 rubles, while peonies will cost you the most, which are best purchased in the form of seedlings.
A feature of this scheme is the continuous flowering of all plants. The flowerbed will not be very bright, but it will constantly bloom for the joy of everyone. In addition, for a lazy flower bed fit daffodils, peonies, irises, clematis, sylvata, lupine, daylily. In this case, you will not need to plant as many flowers as possible, as this implies a greater care for them.
Types of continuous flowering beds
Flower beds among themselves can differ not only with respect to the shape, but also their content. The plants in the flower bed can be of various colors, large and small, as well as different with respect to the flowering period. All these factors must be considered a novice florist when he makes out his flower bed.
It is necessary to prepare in advance scheme of the future flower garden. This is done in order to:
- Properly allocate space on the plot,
- Take into account the size and shape of the place, which is reserved for a flower bed,
- Choose a more harmonious composition of flowering plants of various shades,
- Properly distribute the plants inside the flower bed and along its contour, while taking into account branching and height of flowers.
In addition, the scheme on paper, colored with colored pencils will help to visualize the whole picture and understand how the future composition, consisting of flowers and plants, will look like. It is important to note that the scheme is most convenient to transfer to the ground by the method of division into squares. For this, the flowerbed drawn on the scale should be divided into several equal zones, after which each zone should be sequentially transferred to the site.
Regarding its shape, flower gardens are divided into the following types:
- Modular flower beds. Такие клумбы представляют собой группы растений, которые объединены в одну композицию с элементами отмостки, на них могут присутствовать садовые дорожки, ступеньки, малые архитектурные композиции в виде скульптур, искусственных водоемов и прочих декоративных элементов.
- Миксбордеры. Данные цветники представляют собой сочетание самых разнообразных цветов и растений. Клумбы данного типа можно выполнять в свободной форме и в неограниченном размере.The most common mixborders in a rectangular and elongated shape. They decided to decorate garden paths and hedges.
- Tapeworms. Such beds should have at least one common feature: the shape of the flowers, the shade of the flowers, the height of the cover, the variety of plants. Repeated flower beds with one common feature should be located in close proximity to each other, as well as be clearly visible, otherwise, tapeworms will not be able to be perceived as a single composition.
- Rabatki. This name implies a more rigorous flower gardens. Such beds are distinguished by clearer contoured contours; the ratio of their width to length should be 1: 3. Rabatki taken to fill with monochromatic colors or simple geometric patterns. It is these flower beds that are mostly bordered by garden paths, and they are also used to divide large flower beds into several zones.
- Curbs. These beds are distinguished by their small width, which is up to 50 cm. For filling, low plants are used. Flower borders are used to limit the larger elements of flower beds.
- Rockery. Very often, these beds are called rock gardens, as in their design are used and plants and stones.
- Rock garden. This type of flower beds differs from the previous ones in that it is customary to plant only those plants that are inherent in the flora of the Alpine mountains or other low-growing compact flowers.
Beginner gardeners, in order to avoid a mistake, it is recommended to select flower beds of arbitrary shape, which do not require clear boundaries, as the first experience. For this ideal mixborders.
Making a composition with your own hands
The formation of beds of perennial plants is good because these flowers do not need to be planted every year. In addition, perennials are fairly unpretentious care and tolerate cold winters. Therefore, it will be enough for a novice gardener to draw a flower bed only once, then transfer it to the site and fill it with different colors, after which you can enjoy a beautifully designed flower bed for several years in a row.
The flower garden of continuous flowering of perennials with their own hands, as already mentioned, should be as simple as possible. Beginning gardeners can turn their attention to the following simple compositions of continuous flowering, which can be decorated with your own hands:
- Isle. This composition is a flower bed of oval or rounded shape, which is located on a free part of the garden. Often such compositions fill wastelands, where there are no trees and other vegetation. The borders of the island may not be clear, slightly blurred. It is not at all necessary to divide such a flower bed into some sectors. Flowers in the islet can be placed freely. The main thing is that the plants are combined in their height and tone. The island is most often filled in several tiers: the tallest flowers are located in the center of the circle, from 80 to 150 cm, then the center is fringed with flowers of medium height, from 40 to 70 cm, and low-growing flowers should more than 30 cm. With the same low bushes, you can fill in the empty areas of the flower bed that were formed after all the flowers were planted on the island. Such an island can be located close to the fence or building. However, in this case, such a flower garden will be a semicircle in which the background should be filled with the highest flowers, and low-growing plants should be planted forward.
- Living fence. Such a composition is usually made around a fence or on both sides of the garden path. For this purpose, various types of flowers and plants are used, which are planted in the form of a line, the width of which may be different.
- Illusion. This floral arrangement resembles a natural landscape. Most often, this idea is carried out in the form of a flowing stream. To do this, the flowers are planted in blue or blue in the form of a snake, having close to each other. To create the shores suitable flowers of contrasting shades, they must be placed along the contour of the stream bed. It is worth noting that a lot of space is required for the design of such a composition, therefore it is not recommended to organize an illusion in small areas.
- Carpet or cover. This composition is a continuous layer of flowers of the same height. As a rule, plants of the same species or variety are used for decoration of such beds, but prefer to use different shades of flowers. From the side of such a flower garden will look like a fluffy and voluminous bedspread.
- Fantasy pattern. This flower garden is in the form of a sign or a picture. For example, you can depict the shape of a heart, a large flower, an inscription. The effectiveness of such a flower garden will depend entirely on the quality of its execution. Therefore, the boundaries of the flower beds should be as clear as possible so that the viewer can appreciate the idea of the designer.
Such garden crops can be suitable for almost any flower garden decoration. These perennial plants are undemanding to light, irrigation and soil composition. Such flowers can grow in any conditions. Another important characteristic of unpretentious perennials is that the flowers do not need annual planting, they also tolerate frost well without additional shelter. All perennial plants need is watering in the dry season, as well as the formation of shrubs in the spring. This group includes the following flowers: mallow, doronicum, geranium, Brunner, acolyte, gelenium, chistets, poppy.
Moderately labor-intensive perennials
Such garden plants are not particularly capricious with respect to care. They do not need daily care, but gardeners will have to take into account some conditions for growing such flowers. In addition, such perennials must be replanted and separated at least once every couple of years. Such plants, for example, include the following flowers: Gentian, Arabis, Clematis, Cornflower, Armeria.
The most difficult perennial plants
Such garden crops need regular care, as well as in compliance with growing conditions. Complicated perennials require constant attention from the gardener. They very often get sick, are attacked by pests, and also do not tolerate cold. These plants include the following flowers: chrysanthemum, gladiolus, rose, bulbous flowers, dahlia, begonia, hyacinth and many others.
During the selection of perennials for making flower beds at their summer cottage, it is necessary to give preference to those colors that belong to the same group. In this case, the care of the flower bed will be as simple as possible, and the plants themselves will feel pretty comfortable.
Let's sum up
In conclusion, it is worth noting that during the selection of perennials for their beds it is recommended to pick those flowers that have approximately the same flowering time. You must agree that a flower garden with blooming buds and nearby dried flowers will look rather untidy, and the whole composition will be spoiled.
In addition, novice gardeners must take into account the fact that perennials should bloom all spring, summer and autumnonly in this way the flower bed will be able to please you with its attractive appearance throughout the whole year. Currently, there are many different types of plants that bloom throughout the season. These colors include the following: roses, violets, pansies. Also in the design of flower beds are recommended to use evergreen shrubs and ornamental herbs.
What to plant - bat onions or perennial flowers?
Not everything in the garden should be for the belly, you need to leave room for the “beauty” - just for the soul. A flower bed of continuous flowering of perennials is easy to decorate even the most unattractive plot, giving it a unique charm. Roses, geraniums, carnations, poppies and asters season after season will grow in the same place, without requiring special attention.
The question that every novice gardener should understand is the choice of plants for a perennial flower garden. From practical experience, the first flower bed should be made small and planted with unpretentious flowers that grow well under the bright sun.
The flowerbed is a bright element of the garden, so there is no point in smashing it in the far corner of the plot or hiding it under the shade of the trees. The optimal solution for creating a perennial flower bed will be a well-viewed place on all sides.
Multilevel flowerbeds (with tall exhibits in the background and undersized at the front) are usually placed near the walls of the house, fence or hedge. While in the center of the plot a constantly blooming flower bed of perennials can both form various combinations of plants, so it can be decorated only with the help of one species.
Flowerbeds from perennials in the garden and in the country
Scheme №1 "The most simple"
In this simple and attractive composition of long flowering, unpretentious perennials such as were used:
- panicled pink or purple phlox. The best time for planting is September or mid-March, it grows well in drained, sandy soil, it blooms from mid-July to autumn,
- pink astilba. The flowering of different varieties usually lasts from the end of June to mid-August, the plant is responsive to regular feeding and loosening,
- purple and silver lily. Plants are planted in the spring in a rich organic and well drained, loose loam with an optimum acidity of 6-6.5 pH,
- silver-gray and lavender leaves. It prefers light soils without water stagnation, blooms from May to July,
- magnificent geranium. Blooms from mid-summer to the end of the season, forming a lush bush with light purple flowers.
Scheme №2 "Example of a bed of perennials blooming in the first year"
Flower beds of perennials - Scheme №2
- stock rose "Pleniflora" with yellow-colored, salmon-pink and red-purple flowers with dense beaters (“Pleniflora” is not a rose, but a giant mallow that blooms profusely in sunny and moist areas of the garden from mid-summer to the first cold weather),
- ten-headed sunflower (a very valuable variety, blooming from mid-August to mid-October, grows well and has healing properties),
- Icelandic Poppy (ideal for ever-flowering perennial flower beds due to continuous flowering from May until autumn),
- St. John's Wort "Hidcote" (The "odorless" kind of hypericum pleases with yellow buds in a flower bed from June to September)
- Lobelia cardinal (a plant with a beautiful leaf plate, blood-red flowers adorn from July to October)
- kitten "Nepeta faassenii" (it blooms for a long time with flowers similar to lavender, starting in May)
- Campanula poscharskyana bell (The crystal chime of these delicate and fragile flowers of purple-blue color can be heard from June to September),
- katananhe "Blue Cupid" (inflorescences-baskets of a muted sky shade can be observed all summer),
- perennial gravilat (in the composition of a long-flowering bed, the grass plant of the variety “Feuerbal” does not solo, but rather complements the flower garden from May to July)
- Matron Sedum (a strong bush with beautiful flowers remains decorative until the first snowfall),
- Geicher "Miracle" (a spectacular bush with an unusual shade of foliage decorated with pink flowers from June to mid-summer).
Scheme №3 "Pink-purple beautiful flower bed"
Flower beds of perennials - Scheme №3
- Highlander changeable With bluish-green thinned leaves, this large perennial bush blooms with a “white cloud” at the end of June and stays in bloom until the end of summer,
- hybrid hybrid creates a romantic mood at the dacha when, during its flowering, its pink flowers begin to exude a divine scent,
- astrantia "Claret", its small, numerous flowers, umbrellas of rich red-wine color, blooming in the middle of summer, look luxuriously against the background of dark-purple leaves,
- Bergenia (kamnelomka tolkolitsnaya) pleases the eye from May to July panicle-thyroid inflorescences on long pedicels.,
- phlox "dragon" with its smoky silvery-purple petals, it looks especially attractive in the composition of the sunbed,
- geocher "Obsidian" a hybrid with a dark purple-violet, almost black leaf color blooms in June,
- Compactum geranium grows very lushly, adding blood red tones to the flower bed,
- Sedum telephium or hare cabbage, varieties “Matrona” bloom in the middle of summer with soft pink buds,
- bell "Loddon Anna" with soft purple wide pyramid buds fill the garden with delicate aroma from July to September.
Perennial flowerbed schemes
Material prepared for the site www.moydomik.net
Creating a bed of perennials: land preparation and planting
Having decided on the ingredients for the flowerbed, it's time to start preparing the soil for a flower bed. This is the least creative and time-consuming matter in the creation of a perennial flower bed. But at the same time, the most necessary, because properly prepared land is the foundation of the future flower bed.
You need to prepare the ground after you draw a sketch of the future flower garden. It is necessary to choose plants not only by the timing of flowering, but also by their similar requirements for light, moisture and soil - this will greatly facilitate the care of the flowerbed. (For example, in shade and half-shaded areas in dry areas with fertile and loose soil grow well: geyher and mountain woman, lily of the valley and cuff, primrose and phlox, iris and geranium, periwinkle and anemone).
How to make a beautiful flower bed of perennials?
Start by removing the old turf with a spade. Remove all weeds with roots and reanimate the soil by diluting the clay sand, and light soil with clay soil or concrete. Then apply the compost (this will make the soil more fertile) and loosen the ground as far as possible with forks, mixing clay, sand and compost. Add the necessary fertilizers and start planting the seedlings.
Consider that in a bed of any scheme, approximately 1 square meter is planted:
- 10 pieces of ground cover plants,
- 7 pieces undersized,
- 5 pieces of medium height
- and 1-3 tall plants.
Now you know how to make a perennial flower bed.
Forms of flower beds and beds of perennials
Flowerbeds of classical forms are less and less often found in landscape design. In the landscaped gardens of our days, island beds with asymmetrical in height and planting plant species arranged on lawns and lawns are more appropriate. No less popular and multi-level vertical plantations. The raised flowerbeds planted in the flower houses of the original forms, mini-beds in old stumps and cascades of rectangular stands, bordered with broken bricks look interesting.
Forms of flower beds and beds of perennials
Round flowerbed of perennials
If we talk about the simplest reception of floral design of the site, then this is certainly a round flower bed of perennials, which is very easy to do with your own hands. It is very important to choose the right size. Since on a large area a small flower garden will look ridiculous, and a too large flowerbed within a limited space will not look well.
A place for flower beds should be cleaned of weeds, debris and stones. To break large lumps of the earth, to dig up the earth and to level a rake.
To draw a circle accurately, you need to take a peg, drive it into the center of the future flower bed and tie a rope to it, at the other end of which there will be a peg. They need to draw the right circle of the required size.
The scheme of a round flower bed of perennials and annuals with their own hands
Matthiola or Levkoy & laquo; avalanche & raquo; 1. Matthiola or Levkoy "snow avalanche" with large white flowers, compactly gathered into inflorescences,
myosotis alpestris or forget-me-alpine 2. myosotis alpestris or Alpine forget-me-notoften used for curbing,
red fescue (lawn grass) 3. Red fescue (lawn grass) with characteristic narrow, linearly elongated leaves, which, intertwined, form a solid bright green carpet,
pansies, la., v. t. Maxima & raquo, 4. (Viola) Pansies, specifically grade "V. t. Maxima "- tricolor violet blooming all summer
Primula veris (primula) 5. Primula veris (primula) - unpretentious plants, blooming in spring with yellow fragrant flowers,
Zinnia legans (Zinia graceful) 6. Zinnia legans (Zine elegant) with flower heads,
alternantera & laquo; Aurea nana & raquo, 7. Alternantera "Aurea nana" with oblong, golden-green-yellow leaves,
Achyranthes verschaffelti 8. Achyranthes verschaffelti, whose fleshy leaves are most often used by landscape designers to design patterned flower beds.
Some tips from an experienced summer resident
- Forming a flower bed of perennial flowers do not be afraid to choose interesting forms for it.
- High and undersized perennials are best suited for growing in rows.
- Choose such a plant so that your flowerbed is luxuriant, with waves blooming from spring to late autumn.
- Be sure to include in the project beds a couple of plants with a beautiful multi-colored leaf.
- Plant 2-3 plants of one variety at once so that when they grow they create a visual effect of movement.
- Play on contrasts, mix colors, textures and shapes of plants.
Если вам не понравилось цветение некоторых растений в клумбе – совершенствуйте ее, удаляйте то, что разочаровало и высаживайте на освободившееся место новые цветы. Земля вашего сада – не то место, которое можно засорять плохим (не лучшим).
Клумбы из многолетников: самые удачные фото
Пример красивого цветника из многолетников Креативная клумбы из многолетников, оформленная в виде палитры художника Perennial flower beds - original design in a trolley Beautiful flower bed in the form of a swan with perennials Well-groomed flower bed of perennials