It is unlikely that there will be a person who would pass by this wonderful plant indifferently, without lingering even for a moment to admire its beautiful flowering. Due to the simplicity in the cultivation and care, it has become a welcome guest in almost every home, in every garden or cottage. This magnificent living ornament is a bright, impressive petunia of Gioconda, a multi-flowering creeping cascade.
Flower growers generously share their experience in breeding petunias in networks, emphasizing their unpretentiousness and subtle grace. In their opinion, everyone can, following simple rules, grow this wonderful flower, which will delight with its unique beauty over the course of a whole summer.
A truly unique plant that can adapt to the most varied climate and any soil - the Gioconda petunia is a multi-flowering creeping cascade. Reviews are full of praise for her unpretentiousness in the care and extraordinary duration of flowering. Petunias lovers recommend everyone to decorate the terrace, balcony or flower bed, pay attention to this beautiful flower.
Petunia Dzhokonda multicolored creeping cascade (reviews claim it) the beginning of its history is obliged to South America. Perennial herb belongs to the family Solanaceae and is a relative of potatoes and tomatoes. The name of the plant goes back to the Portuguese petun (“tobacco”).
Petunia is loved and loved all over the world. But few people know that to its popularity it has come a long and difficult path, 200 years long.
This flower is not grown as indoor, but it is believed that the best plants for decorating windows and balconies are not found.
Petunia leaves are whole, sessile or on short petioles, have a different size and shape, arranged alternately on the stems. Stem branched, green, creeping, hanging or erect depending on the variety.
Flowers in their form resemble a funnel. They are terry and simple, large-and small-color. The coloring is famous for the variety of spectra - from pure white, light pink and yellow to bright, saturated blue, violet, red. There are varieties with a colorful pattern of colors that combine different shades. The design of the edges of the petal can be smooth or fringed.
Petunia fruit is a box filled with the finest seeds (up to 10 thousand pieces in 1 g), which remain viable for 2-3 years.
Petunia Dzhokonda multicolor creeping cascade (reviews contain extensive information about the flower) is one of the many hybrids that are used in floriculture as annuals.
Hybrids are all cultivated varieties of petunia. It is known that the first of them appeared in the middle of the 19th century. There are 4 types of petunias:
- large-flowered (with the size of flowers in diameter up to 10 cm),
- many-flowered with small (about 3-5 cm in diameter) flowers,
- undersized, dwarf (up to 15-30 cm),
- ampelous - these include the popular now surfini and petunia of Gioconda, a multicolor creeping cascade.
Petunia Dzhokonda multicolor creeping cascade: reviews, photos
According to reviews, this hybrid is one of the most attractive varieties. A small, gorgeous shrub with strongly branching shoots that are densely covered with flowers (diameter is about 5-6 cm) is a real gem of the garden. It has a great view when disembarking in suspended pots with a capacity of up to 10 liters. A huge plus of the plant, which is emphasized by the authors of the reviews, is its ability to adapt to a wide range of temperatures, which allows you to grow this variety in different climatic zones, as well as maintain it during the winter period.
Quite a large variety of coloring flower buds. Gioconda happens:
Of particular interest of lovers is the petunia of the Gioconda purple multi-flowered creeping cascade. In this photo you can admire the extraordinary beauty of the flower.
User feedback suggests that it turns out to be not so easy to grow petunia in your garden. It is not always possible that the petunia of Gioconda is a multicolored creeping cascade that corresponds to the images on the advertising booklets.
Planting and caring for a plant, according to experienced growers, has several features. Experts recommend everyone to grow in their garden or on the balcony of the Gioconda to follow a number of simple recommendations.
Growing from seed
Today, throughout the spring / summer season, you can freely buy ready-made seedlings of petunias in flower shops and on the market. Some prefer to grow their own seedlings. At the same time, specialists recommend purchasing quality seeds from reliable suppliers.
Many varieties of petunia multiply by seeds, including hybrids, which include the Giunonda petunia multicolor creeping cascade.
Growing seedlings from seeds is carried out in March. Dates are dictated by the desired time of planting flowers on the balcony or in the garden. Growing seed from seedlings developed lasts about three months.
The soil is previously prepared for planting, sifted and irrigated abundantly. Seeds are recommended to be mixed with sand in order to ensure a more uniform distribution over the ground, then they are sown, not ground, irrigated with a spray gun. After that, they should be covered with foil or glass.
Optimum for seed germination is a temperature of 20-23 degrees. Higher temperatures or a lack of light leads to stretching, lodging and plant damage by fungal diseases.
Usually seeds germinate in the course of 5-7 days. Then the film or glass is removed. Watering young seedlings, observing moderation and caution. The air temperature gradually decreases to plus 18 degrees.
After the appearance of these leaves, seedlings need to dive into the boxes, and after a month - in pots. To ensure the compactness of the shoots pinch, which in the future is a stimulus for branching plants.
In April, seedlings are recommended to harden, and at the end of frosts to land on a permanent place in the distance between sprouts 25-30 cm.
If the petunia is planted on the balcony, you should proceed from the calculation: no more than 3 plants are planted in a 10-liter container. More dense planting leads to the fact that plants are stretched, their decorative effect is lost.
How to deal with diseases?
Petunias are quite hardy plants, but the presence of adverse conditions can still cause them to develop diseases or pests.
1. Fungal diseases. Appear when thick sowing, excessive watering, improper selection of the soil (too heavy). Seedlings can die from the development of root rot. It is recommended:
- remove a diseased plant with a part of the land adjacent to it,
- treat all remaining flowers with fungicides,
- When watering, do not re-moisten the soil and prevent stagnant moisture in it.
Powdery mildew (white bloom on leaves and flowers) also belongs to fungal diseases. The cause of the occurrence is sudden changes in temperature and humidity. The measures to combat it include: removal of the affected plant fragments, processing it with sulfur.
For the prevention of fungal diseases should:
- choose a light land for planting (PH May 24, 2016
Petunia F1 Gioconda multicolor creeping cascade
This kind of petunia with its beauty can compete with the ampella petunia. But if ampelous petunia is grown in pots and hanging baskets, then multi-flowering cascading petunia is grown in open ground. This was made possible thanks to the powerful, densely branched stems of the plant and the unique resistance of petunia, a variety of Gioconda, to climatic temperature changes and the ability to tolerate a moist environment in the form of rain. The resistance of this hybrid variety to root rot allows you to grow it also in the form of a chic carpet spreading in all directions.
Petunia Gioconda Orange
The special beauty and rarity of the color is different Joconda orange. The flowers are 6 cm in diameter, the length of the branches is 100 cm. It belongs to multicolored petunias creeping in cascade. From top to bottom, strewn with bright orange flowers creates the unique beauty of an orange cascade of meter-high powerful branches that will attract the eye with its uniqueness. Grown as apmelnoy plant in hanging baskets, pots, in pots, in open ground.
Cultivation of the Gioconda is no different from the cultivation of all other types of petunias. Selection of the soil does not require any special approach. Petunia has a remarkable ability to adapt to any type of soil. But if you want to create the ideal conditions for your pet, then you need to make a mixture of turf and leaf land, add sand, rotted humus, peat and mix everything well. But it is necessary to remember that alkaline and strongly acid soils are contraindicated for petunias.
To ensure the acceleration of growth and abundant, long flowering, it is necessary to feed the plants with organic and mineral fertilizers. The interval between dressings is approximately 10-15 days.
To increase the efficiency of digestibility by the roots of the plant, the dressing is diluted with water:
- 1 tsp / 1 l for organic fertilizers,
- 1.5 g / 1 l for mineral fertilizers.
Granular fertilizers are very convenient in use, which are simply embedded in the soil around the bush and irrigated. Watering the soil regularly, the main thing - to prevent soil clogging. To petunia pleased with its lush, delightful flowers, faded buds should be constantly cut off, otherwise the appearance of the bush will be untidy and unkempt. It does not take a lot of time, but you need to do it all the time. In addition, the removal of wilted buds contributes to the development of new ones.
Botanical description and history
Gioconda is a multi-flowered cascade culture.whose homeland is South America. The plant belongs to the herbaceous perennials, to the family Solanaceae. Petunia received this name from the Portuguese petun, which means tobacco.
Gioconda is a powerful plant with strong and branching stems. Their length reaches 1 m. Due to the low growth (20 cm), the petunia is capable of covering the soil with a solid floral carpet. Inflorescences are also small, their diameter is 6 cm.
If you grow a plant in pots or pots, the shoots will cascade down through the edges of the tank.
In addition, the petunia of Gioconda is able to quickly adapt to lowering the temperature. At the same time the plant does not die, but only slows down its growth.
Gioconda is a light-loving culture. For comfortable growth, the duration of daylight should be at least 11 hours. Keep the flower in the most optimal conditions, and then the flowering will last for a year.
As for the color of flowers, here it is incredibly huge. During the flowering of decorative culture literally breathtaking. The following colors remain popular among all the variety:
Multicolor creeping cascade
This variety of petunia on decorative can be compared with an ampelous plant. Only ampelnaya petunia can be grown in pots and hanging baskets, but cascade - in open ground. This is due to the presence of powerful and densely branched stems, as well as the resistance of the plant to changes in temperature and humidity.
Because the variety resists root rot, it became possible to grow it even as a carpet spreading in all directions.
The variety has a beautiful and incredibly rare color. The diameter of the flowers is 6 cm, and the length of the shoots is 100 cm. Petunia is a multicolor cascading culture. It is strewn from the top to the bottom with bright orange-colored buds. This will create an effective cascade of meter-high powerful branches.
He seems to attract everyone with his originality. For the cultivation of this type of petunia, you can use hanging baskets, pots or open ground.
This multicolored and attractive culture is distinguished by the variety of bright scarlet inflorescences that cover the flower bed with a lush hat. Cultivate scarlet petunias in hanging baskets. This is a great opportunity to create a beautiful waterfall of bright colors. But to maintain this beauty for the plant requires proper care.
The plant is represented by small flowers, which gradually detach from the center to the periphery. Differs in abundant and long flowering throughout the growing season, resistant to rain and wind. In addition, the variety lacks yellowness on the leaves and branching. And the center of the petunia is covered with flowers that do not fall apart from the inside.
Procedure for transplanting plants:
- January-March is considered to be the best time for planting a hybrid.
- Deepen the seeds is not worth it, just scatter them on the surface of the earth.
- To maintain humidity, cover the temperature with seedlings with a film, install closer to the light source.
- As soon as 1-2 pairs of true leaves are formed, you can proceed to the picking. In this regard, the petunia of Gioconda is not picky.
- In the process of picking, it is worth pinching the root of the seedlings. This will be an excellent stimulus to the growth of the bush.
- Once a day, hold the plants in a pritennoy place so that they can get stronger and take root.
When growing the Gioconda, you can use a variety of soil compounds. But it is best to stop the choice on strongly acid and alkaline soil mixtures. It should be loose, nutritious, stay wet for a long time, but at the same time let in excess water and not block it.
You can go to a specialty store and buy ready-made substrate, but it is best to prepare the mixture for landing yourself. This will require thoroughly rotted humus, leaf or sod land, peat. Take components in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.
Lighting and location
Petunia Dzhokonda grows rapidly and gives abundant flowering only when it is planted in a well-lit place. If you choose a darkened area, the plant will stop growth, flowering will be rare, and it is also fraught with disease. When choosing a site for Gioconda, it is necessary that it be illuminated, but the sunlight is diffused. The direct rays of the sun will cause burns.
How to care?
Petunia Gioconda refers to moisture-loving cultures. In hot weather, moisturize it twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. Use preferably not cold water. Despite the fact that the plant responds positively to abundant watering, avoid excessive moisture and stagnation of water is unacceptable, as this will lead to the development of disease and death of the flower.
Make dressing costs every 7 days throughout the entire flowering period. For these purposes, suitable complex compositions for flowers with a high concentration of potassium. Combine dressing preferably with watering.
Common diseases and pests
Petunia Dzhokonda refers to fairly hardy plants. But in the presence of adverse conditions for its cultivation, this is fraught with the development of diseases and the attack of pests.
The main reasons for their development are thick sowing, excessive moisture, improperly selected soil. The plant may die from root rot. To save him will need:
- Remove all affected plants with part of the soil that is adjacent to it.
- Treat all remaining flowers with fungicides.
- When wet, do not overdo it and avoid stagnating water.
Powdery mildew should be attributed to fungal diseases. You can recognize it by the characteristic whitish bloom on the leaves and flowers. Causes of development - sudden changes in temperature and importance. To combat it, you need to remove all the affected fragments, to carry out treatment with sulfur.
To prevent fungal diseases, the following recommendations should be observed.:
- Do not use heavy soil for sowing.
- Before sowing soil steamed.
- Sowing and planting plants is not very thick.
- Observe temperature conditions.
- Avoid excess nitrogen and water stagnation in the soil.
The following parasites can infect Gioconda:
To combat them, use the following methods:
- Spraying and washing the leaves with tobacco extract, water, treatment with insecticides.
- Processing solution of nicotine sulfate in soapy water - 1: 1.
- Treatment with Permetrin 2%. To spend it with an interval in 3 days.
The first method, though considered the easiest, but not always gives the desired result. This is due to the fact that today it is very difficult to acquire really high-quality planting material.
So that оптимальным способом размножения остается черенкование. Для этого необходимо отрезать здоровый побег, обработать его в стимуляторе роста и высадить в питательный грунт. Уже через 10 дней черенок начнет укореняться.
При выращивании петунии Джоконда возможны следующие проблемы:
- Загнивание корней. This problem is the most common, as many florist on inexperienced poured plant. Stagnant water contributes to the spread of rot. To save the flower in this case is difficult.
- Yellowing leaves. Such a problem can occur for several reasons: a violation of the temperature regime, defeat by pests, the development of true chlorosis.
- The lack of flowering and stretching seedlings. Such changes are associated with insufficient lighting in a shaded place. Petunia will not bloom and develop.
Petunia Dzhokonda is a decorative culture, which has been loved by many gardeners. There are several reasons for this: simple care, a decorative look, a variety of colors. This is the choice of true connoisseurs of beauty.
Characteristics of the petunia of Gioconda. Gardeners reviews
Like all hybrids, Gioconda F1 is an annual plant from which it is impossible to collect seeds. Their culture does not give due to the sterility of male flowers. But for the same reason it affects the abundance of buds. Revealing, they reach a diameter of 7-10 cm. The inflorescences of Gioconda come in various colors, from white, orange and peach to blue, burgundy, and violet. Also found are scarlet, pink, purple, multi-colored bushes.
Attention! With proper care, a hybrid can delight summer people with rich and bright blooms for a whole year.
It is possible to grow up petunia in an open ground or flowerpots. In the second case, it will beautifully cascade. Gioconda blooms early, almost immediately after disembarkation. Strong, thick stems, the length of which is about 1 m, can cover any surface. For this variety, vertical flower beds and decorative frames are optimal. Unlike many other petunias, the Gioconda is resistant to the ailments and pests characteristic of the culture.
Another plus for gardeners is the frost resistance of the flower. The plant can withstand up to -7 ... -8 ° C. It adapts to lower temperatures, slowing growth. Also, Gioconda will not be afraid of the hot summer, even if the thermometer's column is close to + 38 ... + 40 ° C. Among all varieties of petunias, this hybrid is the most enduring.
Noting these positive characteristics, gardeners point out to the cons of Gioconda:
- when grown in unprotected soil and pots, not all varieties of the hybrid look the same,
- due to increased branching, petunia keeps its shape poorly,
- inflorescences may be uneven. Sometimes it seems that the plant is bare to the middle.
According to reviews, Gioconda resembles an erect bush rather than a cascade one.
Recommendations for growing and caring for the variety
Good, high-quality seeds from a reputable manufacturer with a dignified reputation are the first step on the path to decorating your garden with beautiful Gioconda. Like all other varieties and hybrids of petunia, this plant needs a long light day lasting at least 11 hours. Despite its hardening, the culture develops best at a temperature of + 20 ... + 22 ° C. Therefore, for cultivation you need to find a sunny place on the plot or cottage.
The soil must meet the following hybrid requests:
- be loose, nutritious,
- stay moisturized for a long time
- good to pass the excess water.
Too acidic and alkaline soil will not work. Solomon's decision - do not be lazy and make a soil mix yourself. To do this, mix rotted compost, turfy ground (and leafy soil will do), well-decomposed peat, and sand. The proportions are 2: 2: 2: 1. Excessively acidic soil can be fertilized with lime.
Petunia seeds are very small, and Gioconda is no exception. In order not to lose the planting material, you can use tweezers. Seeds are not buried, but scattered over the surface of a container with moistened soil and slightly sprinkled with soil. Do it at the end of winter or early spring. Usually at such times petunias still need light.
The first seedlings hatch in about 5-7 days. They need to be provided with fresh air. Strengthened seedlings dive into separate containers and prepare for disembarkation to a permanent place. It is necessary to harden sprouts gradually by opening the window or exposing pots with seedlings to the balcony. When rooting a Gioconda in a garden or pots, you should choose a cloudy day or evening. Soil should be carefully watered.
Hybrid care consists of the following activities:
- Watering - frequent, but moderate.
- Loosening is regular.
- Making feedings. The first can be done a week after planting sprouts. The following - every 10-15 days. Optimal mineral complexes and compost.
- Removal of faded buds. This must be done constantly.
To form a petunia, you can pinch the top of the plant. Then the bush will turn out especially magnificent and dense, on pleasure to the gardener.
Petunia Dzhakonda F1 - plant characteristics
As well as other hybrids of a grade of a petunia Dzhakonda belongs to one-year plants, because all inflorescences man's to collect seeds from them it is impossible.
But with proper, regular care, it will be pleasing to the eye throughout the whole year.
Flowers in full disclosure reach a diameter of 6 - 10 cm.
And their color can be completely different: white, blue, peach, orange, violet, pink, burgundy.
In experienced flower growers there are even scarlet and purple bushes.
Cultivation of Dzhakonda is possible both in an open ground, and in various pots or balcony boxes. Flowers appear quite early, almost immediately after the transplanting.
The stems are quite dense and thick, the length of which can reach 1 m.
The height of the bush at the same time will be quite low, only about 20 cm.
The variety of this petunia is presented in several varieties.
- Multicolor creeping, cascade. It will look amazing on the open field, covering a large space around it, and hanging pots hanging down.
- Dzhakonda - mini differs a large number of small flowers that bloom gradually from the center to the periphery. It will look amazing in a compact balcony pots.
- Ampelnaya has spreading branches that will cover a fairly large surface around. Its cultivation is possible in hinged balcony boxes and flowerpots, as well as on open ground.
- Petunia Gioconda F1 bright scarlet
- Petunia Gioconda F1 salmon
- Petunia Gioconda F1 purple
- Petunia Gioconda F1 purple
- Petunia Gioconda F1 white
- Petunia Gioconda F1 neon
Features of growing and care
The cultivation of the Gioconda, like any other petunia variety, begins primarily with the preparation of soil mixture.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is recommended from the beginning of February to mid-March, depending on the region. Moreover, the seeds are not covered with earth, but only laid out on the surface, covering them with film or glass.
Watering is done with a spray. The most suitable temperature for seed germination is 20-24 degrees.
Usually shoots appear on the 7th - 8th day after planting.
Seedlings with four true leaves are planted in the ground at a permanent place when the soil is already warm enough.
Before this, it is recommended to harden the plant, gradually lowering the air temperature.
What does Petunia Jakonda look like?
One of the main features of the variety is that the Gioconda has a fairly high resistance to any kind of disease and pests.
But, nevertheless, it is possible to bring them, for example, poor-quality seedlings or contaminated soil can be the cause.
The most common pests are:
- Spider mite You can find it on the web on the plant, as well as on the whitish spots on the leaves.
- Thrips. On the leaves of plants, dried strips of whitish hue begin to appear, and the inflorescences begin to dry even before blooming.
- Aphid. On the stems and leaves of the plant droplets of sweet (honey) dew are formed, after which the leaves curl into a tube and fade.
Among the same diseases worth noting the following:
- Mealy dew. Her presence becomes noticeable on the leaves of petunia, which are covered with a whitish bloom.
- Gray rot. When it on the bottom of the leaves appear brown spots, resembling a rash. Subsequently, the leaves dry and are covered with a fluffy bloom of gray.
- Blackleg. Most often, the still fragile plant seedlings are subject to it. The stem below begins to darken and rot, and the lower leaves begin to curl into a tube.
The risk of occurrence of these adversities is very small, because Dzhokonda to them is little susceptible and has a high degree of endurance.
But to observe the plants during their growth is still necessary.
Pros and cons of Gioconda
This sort of petunia can rightly be considered a real miracle, because with its help you can easily decorate a house at the courtyard, ennoble balconies and loggias, land in room pots and hang on the window.
It is so versatile that it will look great absolutely everywhere.
Among its main advantages worth noting:
- High resistance to diseases and pests.
- It does not require special care, it is quite easy to grow.
- A long period of flowering, petunia Jokonda will delight those around him with its abundant flowering throughout the summer season.
- A variety of colors affects its quantity.
Also, the advantages of the variety Gioconda include the low cost of seeds and availability for sale. It can be found in almost every seed shop.
As for the shortcomings, there are few of them at Gioconda.
First of all, it is light-loving plants, she likes to grow in warm sunny places and does not tolerate even a little shading.
Looking at the reviews of gardeners - amateurs and professionals, it becomes clear that they choose it for a large number of advantages and ease of care.
Have you already grown Petunia Jakonda in your garden?
All cultivated varieties of petunias are called hybrids. There are four types of this plant:
- large-flowered, when the size of flowers in diameter is 10 cm,
- undersized dwarf (from 15 to 30 cm),
- many-flowered with small flowers (up to 5 cm in diameter),
The most popular of the many varieties of this plant that have won the true love and favor of connoisseurs are:
- Double cascade
- Petunia Dzhokonda multicolor creeping cascade (florist reviews about the plant the best).
Gioconda creeping multi-flowered cascade
This flower is one of the most popular hybrids of petunia. The plant is a chic low bush with branching shoots covered with flowers. A big plus is Gioconda’s ability to adapt to a wide temperature range. This makes it possible to grow a variety in different climatic zones and preserve it in the winter.
The variety of colors in this variety is very high:
In order to grow a multi-flower petunia Dzhokonda, according to reviews, you must comply with certain conditions:
- to place a well-lit place for a flower
- water the plant regularly. In hot weather, watering should be in the morning and in the evening,
- Petunia does not tolerate too high a temperature and is often exposed to spider mites. In order to prevent fine spray should be done,
- it is necessary that the plant is protected from the wind,
- Stagnant water and excessive soil moisture should not be allowed.
- any fertile soil is suitable for flowers, but the best option is sandy and loamy.
Growing petunia on the balcony, it is better to use turfy or deciduous soil, coarse river sand and peat in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1,
- plant need feed once a fortnight complex fertilizer with a high content of potassium,
- timely remove faded flowersstimulating the laying of new buds on the plant
- to grow a healthy and beautiful plant, you should to form a bush, for which pinch shoots, stimulating the formation of new flowers and branches. The plant thanks to this procedure becomes more magnificent.
Growing petunias from seeds
Numerous varieties, including the Gioconda petunia, multiply by seed. From seed seedlings are grown in March. Developed seedlings are grown for about three months.
The soil should be prepared for planting, sift it and pour it abundantly. To evenly distribute the seeds in the soil, they are mixed with sand. Then they are sown, irrigated with a spray gun and covered with glass or film.
For seed germination, the optimum temperature is 20-23 degrees. If the temperature is higher and there is not enough light, the seedlings are drawn out and more susceptible to fungal diseases.
Seeds germinate within a week. The film or glass is removed, being careful, and moderation is watered. Gradually, the air temperature is reduced to 18 degrees.
When the leaves appear on the seedlings, they dive into the box, and then, a month later - in the pots. Shoots pinch to ensure compactness. This will be a stimulus for further branching of the plant.
In April, it is recommended to temper the seedlings, and when the frosts end - to land at a distance of 25-30 cm to a permanent place.
Planting petunia on the balcony. It is necessary to proceed from the calculation: for a 10-liter container not more than three plants. If you plant more densely, the plants will stretch out and lose their decorative effect.
Petunia diseases and control
Petunia, according to reviews of gardeners, is a fairly hardy plant, but unfavorable conditions can cause pests and diseases.
1. When thick sowing and too abundant watering petunia may undergo fungal disease. Also, the cause may be the wrong selection of soil (very heavy composition). Recommended:
- remove the diseased plant together with the part of the adjacent land,
- process oval flowers carefully fungicides,
- make sure that there is no stagnation of moisture, not to overwet the soil.
2. Mealy dew, which is the presence of white bloom on the leaves of a plant, also refers to fungal diseases, caused by sudden changes in humidity and temperature. To combat it, it is recommended to remove the affected fragments and process the flower with sulfur.
For the prevention of fungal diseases is necessary:
- for planting choose a lightweight soil
- steaming the ground before sowing
- planting plants is not very thick
- observe the correct temperature,
3. Yellowed leaves. The reason for this may be:
- pest damage (aphid, spider mite, whitefly),
- violation of irrigation and temperature,
- development of true chlorosis (iron deficiency).
To control pests apply such measures:
- sprayed and washed the leaves with a weak tobacco solution, pollinated with ground sulfur in the air
- spider mite treated with systemic insecticides,
- Whitefly is treated with permethrin (2%) every three days,
- for aphids, a solution of nicotine sulfate in soapy water is used,
- from true chlorosis use preparations containing iron.
Planted a F1 Jockonda petunia salmon. Color - light pink. Often it was necessary to pick off the withered flowers, otherwise the bush looks ugly. Somewhere in mid-September, the flowers became more elegant, the bush is fatter and greener. There were frosts up to 3 degrees, she even though. It is possible to plant, I recommend.
This year, planted a petunia variety Dzhokonda. All spring developed well, shoots were friendly. The bush is compact, keeps on thick stalks, does not grow bald. The middle does not fall apart like that of ordinary petunias. Flowers were really not as large as expected. By the way, in the fall, when the temperature began to drop, it became much more powerful and luxuriant. I liked it very much.
Ku saw seedling of petunias of the Dzhokond white purple and white. I planted nearby. Both are gorgeous, but purple is more like it. More elegant twigs, bush previously acquired decorative. Together look very elegant. White Dzhokonda looks more beautiful at dusk, purple disappears in the evening. Next year I will definitely plant both species, I also want to try the bright scarlet.
Description varieties Gioconda
The variety is varied: such flowers look equally beautiful on flowerbeds, in wall pots, on the balcony. A distinctive feature of the plant is its amazing adaptability: petunia easily tolerates frosts down to -8ºС and heat up to +40. It is noteworthy that when the temperature drops, the flower does not perish, but slows its growth. Petunia belongs to multicolor plants, the size of one bud, on average, is about 6 cm. Various options within one species allow you to use live decor in different ways:
- to create cascades that bloom smoothly from the top,
- cover a certain area with a continuous layer of flowers up to 20 cm high.
Petunia Dzhokonda multi-flowered or creeping, cascading, judging by the reviews, enjoys growing popularity among gardeners. This is easily explained: bright flowers growing all year round will decorate any interior with their presence, change the office and flower bed in the summer cottage.
The color scheme of the multi-flowered petunia is very diverse. It includes:
In the family of petunias, Gioconda f1 stands out with a large number of bright red inflorescences, completely covering the flower bed with a lively cap. В домашних условиях растение спускается из подвесного кашпо роскошным каскадом с общей длиной до 1 м.
Важно. Основными достоинствами петунии являются многообразие ее разновидностей с яркими цветками и ее неприхотливость. Этим обусловлена популярность сорта у садоводов.
Petunia Gioconda mini is very beautiful, lately it can be found almost everywhere. Strong, hardy plants are easily derived from seedlings. After transplanting to a flower bed or in a pot, the flowers fully retain all their properties: they pull out the stems, dissolve the buds and fill the whole area.
It is noteworthy that the variety is quite immune to ordinary flower diseases, rot - swollen buds quickly litter the lash, forming lush colorful living garlands. It is especially important that breeders managed to provide resistance to the effects of both low and high temperatures, she is not afraid of gusts of wind and heavy rain, heavy rain.
According to experts, petunia Gioconda mini orange and other varieties of this family originated in another hemisphere, in South America. It refers to the type of nightshade, which also includes such famous plants as tomatoes and potatoes. The name itself in Portuguese sounds like tobacco.
The shape of the flowers resemble a funnel. The leaves are bright green, with short cuttings, densely dotting the stems. Flowers vary in texture (simple and terry), size (can vary widely). Coloring is also able to impress the imagination: from pristine white to rich purple with half tones and shades. Even the shape of the petals is different. The fruits ripen in a box - this is particularly small seeds (up to several thousand in 1 g).
Attention. Petunia seeds remain viable for up to 3 years, it allows you to distribute it, transport it over long distances, store and replant.
Petunia Dzhokondu, reviews of which are confirmed by the simplicity and endurance of seedlings, are conventionally divided into 4 types:
- with large flowers (up to 10 cm),
- small inflorescences (no more than 5 cm),
- dwarf (no more than 30 cm),
- ampelous (this is surfiniya and petunia creeping).
The plant is famous for its unpretentiousness, endurance, but with proper cultivation gives stunning results. To form different lengths of lashes, seedlings can be placed at a distance of 0.6 m (thick carpet of small inflorescences) to 0.3 m (formation of cascades, rises).
Flower care begins with the preparation of a special soil composition: ordinary soil is mixed with fertile (eg, black soil), sand, humus. Recommendations for the preparation of the mixture can be found on the pages of florist on our website or in special directories. The main condition for the soil is its good air permeability, some “looseness”. Conversely, “bad” soil does not absorb enough moisture, allows oxygen to pass through, and therefore, deprives the plant of its roots of nutrients.
With all this, the black and yellow Petunia Dzhokondu, according to reviews, can be grown on almost any soil, but preference is still given prepared by the above method. It radically affects the pomp and frequency of flowering. Petunia also loves light: it needs up to 11 hours of exposure to the sun, she is not afraid of open rays.
The temperature regime conducive to abundant and lush flowering implies from 20 to 22 ° C: this way the petunia can bloom and bear fruit almost the entire year. The use of special supplements, which contain nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, significantly affects the vegetative period and the development of the root system.
For growing seedlings will require nitrogen fertilizers, to stimulate flowering - potash and phosphate. Ready-made complex fertilizers based on humus mixtures, Agricola, Idel, Bona Forte and others are remarkably suitable for amateur gardeners.
Petunia Gioconda Care
A flower bed with bright buds or iridescent cascades of buds, “flowing” from pots on the balcony, delight the eye and transform the interior. This is evidenced by numerous enthusiastic petunias of the Gioconda mini reviews. Despite the constantly mentioned unpretentiousness, frost resistance of the plant, it, as a living organism, still requires a certain care from the person.
Such a paradox is actually explained easily and simply: plants need, in metered quantities, light, heat, watering, loosening the soil, and top dressing. Following these simple rules will help to achieve accelerated growth of petunia, bud maturation and lush flowering. In short, they boil down to the following:
- determination of the location of the pot, flower beds,
- adherence to care recommendations,
- protection measures against pests and diseases.
Firstly, petunias are famous for their sun-love. Therefore, when laying out a flower bed or placing a flowerpot, you need to choose the most lighted areas.
Secondly, the choice of soil. As such, there are no special rules for the soil: the flowers easily adapt to any soil, so long as it is not too acidic or alkaline. And it is better to still prepare a special nutrient substrate of sand, peat and ordinary land, thoroughly mixing all the components.
Attention. For plants placed on the balcony, the soil must be nutritious, since it is sufficiently small in the pot. For this fit humus supplements or complex feeding.
Thirdly, it is the drinking regime of the plant. Unlike many other ornamental crops, this one is more sensitive to overflow than to drought. In the summer, every 2 weeks, feeding is used.
Fourthly, petunia buds are distinguished by an increased sensitivity to injury by wind gusts, water jets (and rain as well). This problem is solved simply: it is enough to tear off the damaged inflorescences and soon new ones will appear instead of them.
Fifth, you need to loosen the soil, weed the plant, and seedlings to grow closer to the edge and with a step of 15-30 cm from each other.
Sixthly, petunia can sometimes suffer from chlorosis (this is due to the increased hardness of the water for irrigation). As a preventive measure, fertilizing and iron supplements are used.
In general, petunia and all its many varieties are quite unpretentious, almost immune to disease and temperature changes. Observing simple rules for care, you can get a healthy, beautiful, flowering plant almost all year round.