This decorative ampelous plant for its touching white or blue color in the people became known as the "bride and groom". Flexible graceful shoots create a pillow height of 20 cm or more.
Bright leaves, located on long petioles, have a heart-shaped rounded shape and give additional openness due to their jagged edges.
Blooming Kampanula is simply amazing and can not attract the eye. The shape is very modest, resembling bells flowers so abundantly cover the plant, that because of them almost no leaves are visible. Five petals in the form of asterisks are collected in inflorescences, which are placed at the ends of the shoots. Their palette ranges from white and blue to bright blue, lilac and lilac. Regardless of the variety of the same requires kampanula care at home. The photos of flowers, given in this article, well demonstrate how much this plant justifies one more name - room bell.
Choosing a Campanula Site
As with most indoor plants, well-lit places are a favorite for the campanula, so it is preferable to place the flower on the window sill. It is better if it is located on the east or west side, since direct sunlight can cause twisting and wilting of the leaves. At the same time, even a slight shade leads to the stretching of shoots and loss of decoration.
Plants with long, hanging branches are best placed on shelves, in hanging pots or on special stands. By carefully observing the appearance of the flower and its state, one can always determine how correctly and comfortably the campanula is located. Care at home for her then will be carried out without any problems.
The beauty of this flower is largely influenced by the temperature of the air, which should be in the range of 17 to 22 degrees. Campanula tolerates heat very poorly, especially in winter, it is important to withstand suitable conditions. Warm wintering can be disastrous. In this case, in the spring you can not wait for flowering, or it will be very scarce. The most comfortable temperature for this plant in winter is not higher than 15 ° C, and even better if it is 5–10 ° C. It is recommended to remove the flower during the heating season away from the batteries or place it on a glazed loggia, if there is one.
A rather moisture-loving crop is campanula (mix), home care for which implies constant maintenance of a certain soil moisture. However, waterlogging should not be allowed, which is no less dangerous for these flowers than drying. An exception is made only during the rest period, when after the end of flowering watering is performed less and less, allowing the substrate to dry out between procedures.
Moisten the plant, which is especially important at elevated temperatures in the room, you can use spraying. Campanula flowers and buds are not afraid of getting wet, so this procedure will only benefit them, and at the same time help them to get rid of dust on the foliage. For irrigation used settled warm water.
Caring for Campanula at home can not do without feeding. It is introduced during the active development of the plant - from spring to the end of flowering. With a frequency of 2 weeks, the flowers are fed with a special complex mineral fertilizer suitable for indoor plants. When a dormant phase begins, fertilizing should be abruptly stopped.
The substrate for the campanula when planting is prepared from leafy ground, turf, sand and peat. It should be a loose, breathable, slightly alkaline mixture. You can purchase ready-made universal substrate in the store.
A flower pot (even planting a small stalk) must be taken wide and large, because the root system grows very quickly. Immediately after planting it is not necessary to water the plant plentifully. It is enough on the first day just to carry out spraying.
This procedure can be carried out in different ways. Seed, grafting, dividing the bush breeds campanula. Care at home sometimes requires simpler and faster solutions to this issue. The easiest way to propagate this flower is with the help of seeds - it is enough to sow them into the prepared soil and then plant the grown seedlings in pots.
It is somewhat more difficult to reproduce by cuttings. Young shoots are cut at a certain period, when they reach a length of 10 cm. Then they must be kept for a few hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then put in clean water. After some time, small roots will appear on the cuttings. The resulting process can be planted in a pot with the prepared substrate. For faster rooting, the stalk is covered with a glass jar, periodically removing it for ventilation, and after 3 weeks it is removed completely.
In the future, no difference for the plant kampanula home care. Photos of these beautiful flowers in the adulthood stage, placed in this article, show what result can be achieved.
Annual and perennial varieties
The indoor form of this plant has an interesting feature - being a grassy perennial, the campanula quickly degenerates, requiring constant transplantation and renewal. Therefore, most often grown as an annual. For cultivation for many years, it is necessary to ensure that the plant is home care for a plant that is recommended by experienced growers. Particularly important is the cool temperature during the wintering period.
Since not all varieties are perennial, it is imperative to clarify with the purchase. Then you can grow a flower with the expectation of for many years, stimulating the new flowers with the right care.
There are among the species of campanula and several hybrids. For example, as a result of the crossing of the Carpathian and spoon-bellied bell, the campanula was obtained as a terry. Care at home is carried out in the same way as for the campanula equolativous.
Use in the interior
Simple at first glance, the bells are widely used in interior design, playing a significant role. They not only attract the eye with a white or blue cloud of their colors, but also perform many other functions.
A bright spot that creates a flowering accent looks on a calm, modest background, for example, the blue campaign. Care in the home should always provide the correct arrangement of colors to help the plant fulfill the role of a decorative element and decorate the unattractive, empty corners of the room.
This flower looks great in romantic interiors, and as a decorative design for balconies and window sills.
Planting and caring for Campanula (in brief)
- Bloom: usually begins in early summer and continues until early autumn.
- Lighting: bright but diffused light: the best place is western, eastern and even southern window-sills, but with shading in the afternoon.
- Temperature: in the period of active growth - 20-22 ˚C, in winter - 12-14 ˚C.
- Watering: during the growing season - regular and abundant, during the rest period - 1-2 times a month. Do not allow the substrate to dry completely.
- Air humidity: normal, but in extreme heat or during intensive work of heating devices evening spraying with cold water is recommended.
- Top dressing: in spring and summer - once in two weeks with liquid complex mineral fertilizers for flowering plants. The rest of the plant feeding is not needed.
- Rest period: within 2 months after flowering, approximately from October to December.
- Transfer: in spring, at the beginning of active growth. However, it is better not to transplant the old plant, but to grow a new one by cutting.
- Breeding: seeds, young shoots with heels and dividing the bush.
- Pests: scythes and spider mites.
- Diseases: gray rot.
Campanula flower - description
Annual, biennial and perennial herbs with alternate whole leaves belong to the Kampanula genus. Their corolla is usually bell-shaped, white, lilac, blue and various shades of purple. Flowers can be single or collected in racemes or paniculate inflorescences. The fruit of the campanula is a box.
In home culture, mostly one type of bluebells is cultivated - the campanula is uniform. “Bride and Groom”, as this plant is commonly called, is a perennial kampanula with hanging or creeping shoots up to 30 cm long. The leaves are light green, long-petiolate, alternate, toothed, from 3 to 7 cm long. Flowers are from 2 to 4 cm collected in the final corymbol panicle. They can be white, pale pink, blue, purple or lilac. Most often, two varieties of a plant with a contrasting color are planted in one pot, so Campanula is ravnolistnuyu and called the "bride and groom."
How to keep kapmanula at home.
The flower kampanula is generally unpretentious. He likes bright but diffused lighting. On the northern windowsills, he may lack light, from which his shoots will have a painful look. It is better to place the Campanula in a hanging pots in close proximity to the windows of the western, southern or eastern orientation. If you decide to keep the flower on the window sill, then give preference to the east or west direction, because on the window sill of the window facing south you will have to protect the plant from direct sunlight.
The indoor campanula feels best at 20-22 ºC in the summer and at 12-14 ºC in the winter. The plant does not like heat, but prefers to spend summer outdoors in the shady balcony, terrace, and even in the garden, under the lace shadow of trees and bushes.
When the short autumn days come and the active growth of the campanula stops, its stems are cut, and the plant itself is transferred to a cool room, where it will accumulate strength for flowering next season.
The plant kampanula is moisture-loving, therefore, it is watered regularly and abundantly, especially in a dry time. During the rest period, watering is reduced to 1-2 times per month, however, it is not allowed to let the earthen pot dries completely. For humidification use separated water at room temperature or slightly warmer. As for air humidity, the campanula bell here does not impose any special requirements: spraying the leaves may be needed only in very hot summer and in winter, when heating devices work in the room.
Transplantation of the campanula.
Once the campanula has appeared in your house, allow it to adapt for several days in new conditions, and then transplant it into a wide tank with drainage and loose earthy mixture consisting of equal parts of humus, peat, leafy ground and coarse sand. In the future, this perennial transplanted in the spring, at the very beginning of the growing season. However, it is much easier not to replant the old plant, but to plant new campanum cuttings in the spring.
Diseases and pests Campanula
In case of violation of the conditions of maintenance and irrigation regime, the campanula can get fungal diseases. To destroy the infection, remove all affected leaves and shoots and treat the bells and the surface of the soil in a pot with a fungicide preparation.
In conditions of too dry air, campites and spider mites can appear on the campanula - sucking insects that feed on the plant sap. Mites are sprayed from the plant by spraying the plant with acaricidal preparations - Fitoverm, Aktellik, Aktar, and the chitinous shelters protected by chitinous shell and wax coating must be removed from the plant with a stiff brush, and only then should the campanula be treated with acaricide. In case of severe infection with fungi or pests, several treatments are carried out with an interval of 7-10 days.
Sometimes on a healthy campanula, the leaves suddenly begin to turn yellow. This is usually due to the fact that it is too long under direct sunlight. And if the plant stems began to painfully pull out, it means that there is not enough light for it.
Types and varieties of Campanula
In addition to the campanula ravnolistnoy, the description of which we gave at the beginning of the article, in the room culture are grown these types of bells:
- – Campanula Blauranka - A kind of undersized Pozharsky campanula, distinguished by large leaves and flowers of a pale blue shade. The shoots of this plant, suitable for cultivation both in the apartment and in the garden, reach a height of only 20 cm,
- – campanula terry - a hybrid variety, which appeared by crossing the Carpathian bluebell and spoon scapula, and is a small shrub, on which double white, blue and purple flowers appear simultaneously and in large numbers. The flexible shoots of this plant are difficult to discern due to the abundance of carved leaves. Campanula terry is as capricious as it is attractive, and requires a lot of attention and special conditions of detention,
- – Campanula Carpathian, or bell Carpathian - annual with ovate-rounded leaves located in the basal part in the form of a rosette. Flowers in this species up to 5 cm in diameter, white, blue or purple. Of the garden forms of the Carpathian bluebell, White Star and Alba with white flowers, Blaumeze, Riversley and Centon John with blue flowers, Isabel and Celestina with sky-blue flowers and Carpatencron with purple are most known.
Flower Campanula, description, photo
Campanula (Campánula lat.) Is a herbaceous plant belonging to the Kolokolchikov family. The genus includes more than four hundred species. In Latin, Campánula means a bell, the shape of which resembles the flowers of representatives of this genus. On this basis, the plant received the Russian name Kolokolchik, which was fixed not only among the people, but also the botanical nomenclature.
The crowns of the representatives of the genus are bell-shaped. The color of flowers is varied - from white and blue to purple and violet. Inflorescences are most often paniculate or racemes, single-flowered inflorescences are quite rare.
The leaves of the bells are whole and alternate. The fruit has the form of a box, and opens with holes in the form of slits, which can be from four to six. Representatives of the Kolokolchikov family can have a maximum height of up to one and a half meters.
This plant has been known since ancient times, its homeland is the Mediterranean. Campanulu is considered to be a symbol that personifies marital happiness.
The shrub can grow in countries that are characterized by a temperate climate. In the wild, it is found in European countries, Siberia, the Caucasus, and countries of Western and Central Asia. In small quantities you can find a bell in the north of America. In Russia and neighboring countries, there are approximately one hundred and fifty species belonging to this genus.
Representatives of the Kolokolchikov family can successfully grow in wooded and steppe areas, as well as in meadows. You can meet the gentle shrubs in rocky or desert areas. Many species of bellflowers grow in the alpine and subalpine belts of the mountains.
Know! The name is explained by the fact that the Carpathian Mountains are the birthplace of this species. It is here that you can meet gentle bushes growing wild way. This is a perennial grass. Foliage is located at the bottom of the stems near the roots. The leaves have an ovate-rounded shape. Flowering in specimens belonging to this species begins in the first days of summer, and lasts up to three months. Flowers can be painted in various shades.
This is a hybrid species, which was bred due to the crossing of the spoon-leaf and Carpathian species. Small bushes of this hybrid species are abundantly covered with double bells. At the same time, on one bush can grow flowers of different colors. The stem of a shrub is thin and bending, the abundance of carved foliage makes it almost invisible.
A distinctive feature of this species is the large size of foliage and flowers. At the same time, the height of the shrubs reaches no more than twenty centimeters. Blauranka is a type of Campánula Pozharsky. This variety can be successfully grown both in open ground and in indoor conditions. During the flowering period, Blauranka will please the “owners” with delicate flowers of a pale blue color.
Plants of this species have thin stalks that hang downwards, forming a kind of "fountain". In connection with this feature, they are mainly grown in hanging pot. The height of the bushes does not exceed thirty centimeters. Carved foliage grows on long cuttings. Shrubs abundantly showered with bells of two colors - white and blue. This type of Campánula received the popular name "bride and groom".
This variety is actively used as a decorative. Bushes grow in height from twenty five to sixty centimeters. Листочки имеют яркий зеленый окрас, эллипсовидную форму и гладкую поверхность. Колокола могут быть окрашены в различные цвета, от белого до насыщенного синего. Каждый колокол состоит из пяти лепестков. Яркие цветочки собираются в соцветия.
Attention! This species belongs to the tall. The maximum height of bushes can reach one meter thirty centimeters. The leaves are long and wide, their size gradually decreases from the bottom of the stem to the top.
The flowers are white or purple in color, and have a rather large size - about five centimeters in diameter.
Location and lighting
“The flower of family happiness” is very fond of the sun, so for its growth it is necessary to choose a well-lit place. However, the scorching sun can harm. On those hours when the heavenly body is most aggressive, the pots of flowers should be hidden in a darkened place, and it is advisable to attract street plantings.
On the southern or northern balconies, the campanula will feel uncomfortable, which will harm its normal growth. If it is not possible to provide comfortable conditions for growth or you want the pot to be exactly on the south or north side, then take care of additional artificial lighting.
In the summer of shrubs grow well in outdoor conditions. Flowerpots with bright bells can decorate the balcony or garden. At the same time, be sure to take care of proper lighting. It is advisable to carry the pot to the street when the warm spring comes, and return to the room conditions in the last days of September.
Top dressing and watering
Campánula's winning feature is to maintain its viability with the long absence of watering. So, unpretentious bush will not disappear if you do not water it for several weeks. This advantage makes the flower convenient for time-limited people or travelers.
Water for irrigation should be pre-settled and have a warm temperature. Do not use hard and uncleaned water for watering. The use of tap water can lead to the death of a delicate shrub. Therefore, without fail, before watering pass the water through the filter.
In the period when the shrub is actively growing, as well as during flowering, it needs additional feeding. Fertilize Campánula preferably several times a month. More specific recommendations depend on the type and fertilizer used. You can use fertilizers of the complex type, having previously studied the instructions for their use.
Timely pruning will help you form a beautiful lush bush. Pruning is necessary during the autumn when the shrub is in a resting stage. The period from the end of October to the beginning of December is ideal.
Experienced gardeners advise pruning as follows. Gently shorten the stalks approximately ten centimeters. Do not be surprised if, after pruning, the shrub starts blooming again. Re-bloom can please you if the bell is in a well-lit place.
When spring comes, the bush must be carefully examined. Dried leaves and shoots must be removed. And then spend another pruning of the stems of approximately five centimeters. In the basal part of the stalks there are many hidden buds, and when spring comes, young shoots start to develop from them.
Air humidity and temperature
This indicator is not particularly important when growing bells. A shrub can develop normally even in a room where dry air prevails. However, the moisture in the space in which the “flower of family happiness” grows should be given attention. Periodic hydration will be the key to good growth.
The shrub tolerates temperature fluctuations fairly calmly, but for its normal growth it is desirable to provide the most favorable temperature conditions.
In winter, a comfortable temperature will be fifteen degrees Celsius. If the pot with bells "lives" on the window sill, next to which there is a battery, then it should be resettled during the heating season.
In the summer, Campánula's optimum temperature will be twenty-two to twenty-five degrees.
The substrate in which the “flower of family well-being” grows should be loose. Because for the normal development of the root system requires a constant saturation of the soil with oxygen. A suitable soil for bells will be a mixture of leaf and peat soil. If you are limited in time, you can purchase suitable primer at any specialty store or kiosk. In this case, a primer is needed for flowering plants. If you wish, you can independently prepare a wonderful soil mixture by combining the following components in equal quantities:
- sod land
- humus or leaf earth,
- sand with large particles.
Conditions required for flowering
If you provide the campaign with the necessary conditions for growth described above, then it will please the eye with its delicate flowering throughout the summer. In addition to the previously described rules for plant care, during the flowering period, it is imperative to observe its “hygiene”. This procedure consists in the regular removal of wilted leaves and inflorescences. Thus, you significantly extend the flowering period.
If your copy does not bloom, then you should pay attention to the following nuances:
- The lack of flowering may be caused by the “respectable age” of the bush, that is, its life cycle is coming to an end. In such a situation, wait for spring, and rejuvenate your bush by cutting.
- The reason that the shrub does not bloom or blooms very poorly, may be insufficient light. To remedy the situation, you must move it to a more lighted place.
- Lack of flowering can also be caused by a lack of trace elements. To achieve abundant flowering shrubs, it is desirable to feed two or three times during the month. For this purpose, suitable fertilizer complex type intended for flowering plants. But in any case, do not overdo it with top dressing, so as not to cause harm.
Know! Campánula cultivars used in indoor floriculture are mostly annuals. In this regard, the need for transplantation occurs rarely. However, if the chosen pot does not fit the size of the growing bush, it may be necessary to transplant it.
Under similar circumstances, transplanting is advisable. But remember that it can be carried out exclusively in the spring or autumn season. Literate Campánula transfer is reduced to the following actions:
- In the prepared pot put a layer of drainage, and then a layer of fresh soil mixture.
- Carefully transfer the shrub to the new pot, without disturbing the earthen room.
- Align the bush in a flowerpot.
- Use your fingers to gently level the ground in the pot.
- We water the replaced copy.
Frequent growing problems
When growing Campánula flower growers often face the following problems:
- Faded or yellowed foliage. Such a nuisance arises from the selection of an unsuccessful growing place where the bush is exposed to the aggressive sun. For recovery, it should be “relocated” or provide a small shadow.
- Too tall and thin stalks. The reason for the excessive stretching of shoots is an insufficient amount of light. In order for the bush to develop normally, it should provide optimum illumination.
- Flaccid leaves. The reason for the wilting of the green part of the bush, as a rule, is excessive watering. In order not to harm the bell, it is necessary to ensure its normal watering according to the above recommendations.
Campanula diseases and pests (treatment)
Attention! With improper watering or uncomfortable growing conditions, the bell often suffers from fungal diseases, in particular from a disease called “gray rot”. For treatment, the following measures should be taken:
- reduce watering
- ensure that the water in the pan does not stagnate,
- reduce the humidity in the room or “move” a copy to another place with lower humidity.
With regard to pests, the campanula may be subject to attacks of scale insects or spider mites. The reason for this trouble may be the lack of the necessary moisture. At first glance, these pests are not visible. Therefore, from time to time should carefully inspect the shrubs. When pests are found, the shrub must be isolated from neighbors in the garden or window sill to prevent the spread of misfortune. There are two ways to get rid of unpleasant pests:
- washing the bushes with warm water
- treatment of damaged specimens with insecticidal preparations.
Frequent growing mistakes, how to avoid them
Inexperienced flower growers who do not have the necessary knowledge often make unfortunate mistakes, which ultimately can lead to a significant deterioration in the appearance of the shrub. The most common mistakes made by beginning flower growers when growing Campánula are as follows:
- The choice of place of growth unprotected from the effects of the scorching sun. This error leads to the appearance of sunburn on the foliage. The leaves begin to fade, become faded, fuzzy spots appear on them.
- Lack of lighting. The lack of the necessary illumination leads to the fact that the stalks of the bush become thin, they begin to drag hard upwards.
- Waterlogging. Foliage becomes drooping and loses its tone.
- Excessive watering + low temperature. The combination of these two factors leads to unpleasant rot, which is expressed in the blackening of the stalks at the base.
- Rare feed, use of unsuitable fertilizers, no pruning, inappropriate pot size. Such errors lead to the fact that the flowering process does not occur or the flowering turns out to be very scarce.
- Lack of watering, dry air, drafts. These factors lead to the fact that the leaves begin to dry out and gradually crumble.
- Growing a bush like creepers. The natural position of the stalks of the bell is drooping down. Attempts to grow shrubs by pulling up can lead to their withering or lack of flowering.
There is an opinion that Campanula brings family happiness to the house. The presence of this flower creates an atmosphere of serenity and a sense of spiritual warmth.
Campanula ravnolistnaya, blooming at the same time white and blue flowers, received in the people the name "bride and groom." The branches with white flowers (Alba variety) are the bride, and accordingly the shoots with bells of gentle blue color (Maya variety) are the groom. A wonderful sign is the gift of such a flower on the wedding day, as a wish for the newlyweds of family happiness and prosperity.
At the same time, it is not necessary to wait for such a present, you can purchase a flower amulet for your home. Colorful bells will give you not only warmth, but will delight you every day with its delicate beauty.
Campanula is a wonderful plant that can decorate any room, balcony or garden plot. A significant advantage of its cultivation is simplicity in care. Tender beauty of the bells will give you not only the joy of contemplation, but also the atmosphere of harmonious happiness. No wonder the flower is considered a symbol of mutual love and finding family well-being.
Observe the minimum requirements for care, and bright flowers will give positive emotions to your eyes and your soul. And our article on the topic: Campanula care at home, helps you avoid annoying mistakes, and enjoy the flower beauty without much hassle. For you, a useful video from an expert on the cultivation of Campanula.
What does the campaign look like?
Campanula (Campánula) - a genus of herbaceous perennials belonging to the family Kolokolchikovye (Campanulaceae). At the moment there are about three hundred of its representatives. Its name is translated from Latin as “bell” and because of the characteristic form of flowers in common language, campanules are often called bells. There is a more poetic nickname - “falling stars”.
In nature, elegant bells often grow on seemingly bare rocks
However, there is another version, according to which, the bell is obliged to form a campanule, and not vice versa. This church plate was first made in the Italian province of Campania after Bishop Paulin turned his attention to pretty flowers that swayed in the wind and seemed to ring quietly. By his order, the "flowers" made of copper, reproducing them, were cast. According to the place of origin, the bells began to be called “campanuli”, that is, “Campanian”. Then this name was transferred to the plant.
Campanula flowers are modest, but very elegant and elegant.
Campanula is distributed mainly in Europe and Asia, some species are found in North America. Its habitat is the Mediterranean coast, the Caucasus, the foothills of the Alps, Central Asia, Siberia. As regards the climate, there is no particular preference for the Campanula - it feels rather well both in the meadows, in the forests, in the steppes, and on the rocky plateaus.
Campanula as if by nature itself is intended for cultivation by the ampelous method. Only a stem up to 15 cm high can stand straight. But the shoots of the plant are long (about 0.5 m), thin, so they nest under the weight of flowers. The latter resemble miniature (up to 5 cm long and 2–4 cm in diameter) five-leafed bells, painted in different shades of blue, blue, lilac or white.
A cascade of flowers, stars, looks very impressive, but in a pot the bushes of campanula look very elegant
But to turn the campanula into a liana, trying to push it up the support, is not worth it. The plant is completely unsuitable for this, and, most likely, it will simply die.
A pair of breeding hybrids, nicknamed "bride and groom", is very popular among houseplant lovers. Alba has snow-white flowers, Mayi has lilac-blue. They decided to give to the wedding. It is believed that these plants will provide the newlyweds with family happiness, well-being and comfort in the house. And according to the old sign, the girl who grows the campanula will surely find true love, and the elderly - a calm, serene old age.
Experienced flower growers say that when planting in one pot, the “bride” visibly tightens the “groom” over time, so it is advisable to pre-install a partition in the flowerpot
The flower is appreciated by Feng Shui followers. According to this philosophy, the plant creates a warm and cozy atmosphere in the house, improves the moral climate, promotes the development of the creative potential of the owner and literally “attracts” money and material benefits to it.
Campanula pleases the eye not only with flowers, but also with bright greens of salad color. Its leaves are heart-shaped, 3–7 cm long, on long petioles, arranged alternately on the stems. In some species, the edge is carved with small teeth. Buds collected in loose corymbose inflorescences. Flowering lasts almost six months - from mid-spring to late autumn.
The green of the campanula also looks very pretty, but still this is not the main advantage of the plant.
A definite plus of the campanula is the almost complete lack of attention from domestic animals. The plant is not poisonous, perhaps they just do not like the taste. There is no need to clean Campanula away for fear that the bushes will be eaten by cats.
Campanula is a European plant, which means it has a good frost resistance, therefore it is widely used in landscape design, including in Russia
Types of plants cultivated in the home
Out of three hundred species of campanula, no more than a dozen are grown at home. More often, amateur florist purchase one of breeding hybrids, terry or large-flowered. Most popular varieties:
- Campanula isolaved (isophylla). The length of the shoots - up to 30 cm. The leaves are rounded with a serrated edge. The diameter of the flowers is about 4 cm. Alba and Mayi hybrids, the same "bride" and "groom", are derived from the equal-leafed campanula.
- Campanula Carpathian (carpática). The height and diameter of the bush - about 30 cm. The leaves are egg-shaped in a rosette. The flowers are 4–5 cm in diameter in lilac-blue color. The flowering period is rather short - three summer months.
- Campanula Blauranka (blauranke). It grows up to 20 cm in height. The flowers are pastel-blue, with a diameter of 5-6 cm.
- Campanula Pozharsky (poscharskyana). Leaves in the shape of an almost regular circle. Shoots are long, creeping. The flowers are small, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, bright purple. It tolerates cold and shade.
- Campanula Portenshlaga (portenschlagiana). Height about 15 cm. Heart-shaped leaves, purple flowers. It blooms from May to September. It does not lose its decoration even during the rest period - old shoots dry only in the spring, when a new seedling appears.
- Campanula Garganica (garganica). Plant height is about 15 cm. Creeping stems. The flowers are sky blue with a diameter of about 5 cm. It blooms all summer, even in partial shade.
- Campanula Prialpine (alpestris). A miniature plant no more than 5–10 cm high. The flowers are bright blue. Blossoming is plentiful, long.
- Campanula looshechnistlelistnaya (cochleariifolia). Высота — 15–20 см. Листья мелкие (3–5 см в длину). Оттенок лепестков варьируется от белоснежного до ярко-синего.
- Кампанула махровая (gemina). Популярный селекционный гибрид. «Родители» – кампанула карпатская и ложечницелистная. На одном растении распускаются махровые цветки разных оттенков — от белоснежного до чернильно-фиолетового. Резные листья расположены очень плотно, буквально облепляя стебли. The plant is quite fastidious in care, it responds to any mistakes of the grower by the absence of flowering. There is also a series of miniature hybrids - Blue Bali, White Bali, Blue Wonder, White Wonder.
Table: optimal conditions for growing campanula
Campanula needs bright but diffused light
Campanula tends to turn towards a light source. Therefore, the bush turns out to be sloppy, skosobozochny. And there is a loss of form very quickly. To avoid this, weekly turn the pot in one direction (clockwise or counterclockwise). A sharp 180º turn will cause the plant to shed flowers and leaves. It is best to choose a place for the pot so that the light falls more or less evenly on it from both sides.
Campanula stretches to a source of light, so the bushes noticeably tilt to the side
Transplant procedure and preparation for it
Transplantation of campanula at home is rarely made. The fact is that the decorative plant retains a maximum of 2–3 years, then the flowering becomes much less abundant, the shoots become bare. Therefore, it is much easier to root the cuttings or grow new ones from the seeds.
Nevertheless, a transplant may still be required, although it does not tolerate its flower very well. For example, it is needed if roots appeared from a pot or a plant became ill. The best time for the procedure is early spring or mid-autumn (the period when flowering has not yet begun or has already ended). A purchased Campanula must be transplanted as soon as possible, a maximum of 2-3 days after purchase. The mixture of fibers for hydroponics, in which it is sold, is not at all suitable for growing crops at home. In the process, shorten the shoots by about a third, tear off all the flowers and buds.
The pot is chosen wide and shallow, increasing its diameter by 5–8 cm. The roots of the campanula quickly learn new space. Too large and bulky pot is undesirable - the plant blooms profusely only if the roots densely braid earthen clod.
Soil flower prefers light and loose, but nourishing. This soil is well breathable air and water. A universal substrate for flowering indoor plants is quite suitable, but there are other options:
- leaf soil and peat (1: 1),
- universal soil for indoor plants, peat, humus or rotted compost, coarse river sand (equally).
Kampanula does not impose any special requirements on the soil - the standard soil for flowering houseplants is quite suitable for it
There is nothing difficult in the transplant itself:
- Fill up a quarter of the volume of the new pot drainage. If the plant is very large - a third. Cover the drain with fresh substrate, filling it in the tank to about half.
- Liberally water the plant, remove it from the old container. If possible, try to keep the earth com whole.
- Using a sharp clean knife, cut off 3-5 mm of the roots, which fell down to the bottom in a solid “pile”. On the sides, make several longitudinal cuts of the same depth.
- Place the campanula in a new pot, add the substrate. Lightly compact the soil. Moderately water the plant.
- Remove transplanted specimens in partial shade, provide coolness (18–20ºС). When the campanula begins to grow, return it to its original place.
Campanula transplanted by transshipment
Proper care of the plant
Campanula is a rather unpretentious plant. Most of its demands are related to irrigation, although it can do without water for 12–14 days without special damage to itself.
Moisten the soil in the pot as soon as the top layer of soil dries. In extreme heat, it may be necessary to water daily or twice a day. About half an hour after the procedure, be sure to drain excess liquid from the pan.
Water is used only soft, room temperature. Rigid can provoke wilting plants. Therefore, if it is not possible to water the campanula with thawed, rain or bottled water, filter, boil or defend the tap.
During the active growing season, the campanula needs additional feedings every 10–12 days, since it spends a lot of energy on flowering. Any fertilizer for flowering houseplants will do (Ideal, Rainbow, Pokon, Bona Forte, Agricola, Kemira-Lux). Prepared according to the instructions of the solution watered the flower.
Campanula needs regular feedings - any means for flowering houseplants will do.
"Home" types of bell
Usually on our window sills and balconies adorn the subspecies of the campanula ravnolifolnoy: "Alba" (Alba) and "Maya" (Maya). The "Alba" white inflorescences, for this the people called her "bride". Maya has gays, they call her “bridegroom.” And there are in fact also bicoloured plants - “Bicolor”, the popular name “lover”. But in fact, sometimes there are other varieties of Kampanuly, for example: "Karpatskaya", "Terry", "Blauranka". In the table - the distinctive features of the most common varieties of plants.
Table - Varieties of "Domestic" Campanula
Campanula Care Rules
In general, the bell - a very unpretentious plant and growing campanula at home will be mastered even by a novice gardener or a person who is not well versed in this matter.
Campanula loves the light, but he must be scattered. That is, the lighting should be bright, but without direct sunlight. In the garden or on the balcony, choose a place where there is always a shadow. In the apartment - put the plant on the window sills of windows facing east and west. If your windows face south, then it is better to put a pot of campanula in pots or place them on a special stand.
Campanula loves coolness, but she hardly endures the heat. Optimum temperature for a plant:
- in summer - 23 (± 2) ° C, but not higher. If the climate is hot, the plant will be better in an air-conditioned room, but place it so that the cold air does not blow on it,
- in winter - approximately 13 (± 2) ° C. From excessive heat, the flower "suffers", the leaves dry up, and in spring you can not wait for flowering or it will be scarce.
This moment is not crucial for the campanula. You do not have to mess with the trays, spray water from the spray gun, trying to humidify the air, and other “dancing” around the flower will not be required.
And this is a very important moment for a flower. In the active phase (from March to September), the rapid flowering “pulls” all the forces out of the “bride and groom”. In such a tense period, the plant needs help.
You can feed the campanula with any store fertilizer for ornamental flowering houseplants. Only the dosage needs to be halved from that recommended by the manufacturer. Perform the procedure optimally three times a month.
The root system of the campanula grows rapidly and rather quickly occupies the entire space of the pot. And then the plant dries the buds - this is a sure sign that it is “cramped” and lacks nutrients. Therefore, immediately after the purchase, it is better to transplant the campanula into a spacious “dwelling” - a low and wide pot.
Campanula is not a perennial plant. And it needs to be transplanted only if the old pot has become too small and there are clear signs of “starvation”: the leaves turn yellow, fall off, the buds dry out, the flowering fades away.
Campanula loves loose "porous" soil. The best option - a mixture of peat soil, humus and sand in equal shares. But the universal shop composition for ornamental flowering plants will also fit perfectly. The ideal time to plant a campanul is spring and autumn. If you decide, then proceed in five steps.
- Pick a pot. For a start, look for plants of suitable size pot. It should be approximately twice the previous one.
- Lay the drainage. At the bottom of the new pot need to pour fresh drainage, 2 cm thick.
- Add primer. Put drainage on the drain, but not to the brim of the pot. Enough and half the depth of the pot.
- Set the flower. Move the plant along with a piece of old soil on the roots in the center of the tank and not too deep - about 2 cm below the estimated soil boundary. Make sure that the stems are looking up and not toppled to the side.
- Cover with earth. Top with fresh soil. Press the ground lightly with your fingers - you need to tamp it down a bit.
Caring for the flower "bride and groom" does not involve abundant watering. The main thing is that the earth does not dry out, always be wet, but not wet. And also make sure that water does not accumulate in the pan, pour it, otherwise the roots will rot. And the frequency of watering depends on the time of year.
- Summer . Quite hot at this time of the year, plus the plant blooms intensely. It may be necessary to water the campanula every day, depending on the climate and the size of the plant itself.
- In the winter. During the rest period, the campanula can be watered once every two weeks. The plant can survive without water for up to 20 days. Just occasionally check the soil and moisturize as soon as you notice that the ground is dry.
- In the offseason. In the autumn it is enough to water the plant twice a week. In the spring, start daily watering in small portions from March.
September-October is the period when the bell has ended its rapid flowering, the plant is tired and exhausted. How to care for campanula after flowering, so that next spring the flower will have the strength for another "enchanting" season?
- The beginning of November . First of all, you need to remove all that the plant will spend the juice on in the winter, instead of accumulating strength: dry inflorescences, stems, leaves. “Purity” will need to maintain the entire rest period.
- December Time to cut the campaign. Cut off all the shoots, but not under the root, leave a length of about ten centimeters.
- March . By this time, the shoots will grow, cut them at a distance of 5 cm from the ground.
- Watering Two or three times a month, see as the soil dries.
- Light It is better to “winter” the plant in a well-lit, but protected from the direct rays of the sun place.
- Temperature . Do not place the campanula near the radiators, but do not put it on a cold balcony.
- Top dressing. At rest is not required.
And spring is the time to propagate the campaign to the desired number of plants.
How to propagate the bell
Again, Campanula is not a perennial. The average lifespan of a plant is two years, sometimes slightly longer. If you do not want to say goodbye to the "falling star" a couple of years after the purchase - multiply it. You have several options to choose from:
When you carry out spring pruning, pinch off the “heel” stalk from the mother plant. That is, it is necessary to tear off the young shoot at the very bottom so that a part of the skin and core of the maternal stem remains on it. And at the bottom of the cutting should be two or three leaves. To root the Campanula by cutting, proceed in five steps.
- Water treatments. Dip the shoot into a glass with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for about seven to eight hours. You do not need to immerse it completely, just “dip” the cut-off area and a couple of centimeters from the top.
- Stimulant treatment. Before planting in the ground, it is possible to process the shoot with a growth stimulator. According to reviews, after this treatment Campanula grows stronger and blooms more actively.
- The landing. Escape deepen in the soil about 3 cm.
- Greenhouse conditions. Cover the pot with plastic wrap or a large glass jar if the pot is small. To prevent the plant from rotting, it needs to be aired daily. Put the pot in a cool place.
- Spraying Once a week, spray the shoot with warm filtered water.
Campanula can be propagated in this way directly during plant transplantation. It is better to do this in spring or at the very beginning of summer. Here are the seven steps instructions.
- Remove the bush along with a lump of old earth.
- Divide it into several pieces - just cut the roots with a sharp knife.
- Delenki should not be too small.
- Place each piece in your pot. Do not forget to put drainage on the bottom.
- Dip the plant 2-3 cm into the ground.
- Top up with the required amount of land and lightly tamp.
- Water the plant.
Campanula seeds are propagated by seeds in spring, in early March. This is if you already have a mother plant. Or buy seeds in the store. So, in the autumn, when the bell flower has blossomed, look for miniature boxes on the stems - there are seeds. But do not tear the box - let it remain on the plant, it will burst itself when the seeds "ripen". The seeds of the campanula are very small, more likely resemble dust, by carelessness they can even be blown off. And then proceed according to the instructions of the six steps.
- Carefully open the "house".
- Prepare a clean container and suitable soil.
- If possible, evenly scatter the seeds on the ground.
- Deepen the seed is not necessary. Just sprinkle them a little with soil or sand.
- Spray the soil out of the spray gun.
- Cover the seedlings with a film and air daily.
Usually indoor flowers infect two pests: spider mite and shieldweed. If you notice a parasite on at least one plant - the risk of infection and all the "neighbors" is high. Immediately isolate the diseased plant and immediately begin to fight the "enemy".
If you notice a "web" between the base of the leaves and the stem - this is an occasion to think. Inspect the inside of the leaves, if you notice something similar to the stuck ground - poke the "dirty" place with a thin needle or a toothpick. It turned out to be not at all dirt, but the tiny size brown bugs that rushed scatter? This is a spider mite. To begin, break off all infected leaves, so you will get rid of a large number of pests. And what to do next is described in the table.
Table - Methods of dealing with spider mites
This insect looks like an aphid, only flat and with shell. It was because of him that the pest got its name - the shell, like a shield, protects its “master”. Often, shchitovki accumulate in the places of attachment of leaves to the stalk, there you can notice a certain "bloom" of insects. The shield feeder feeds on the sap of the plant and, at the initial stage, dark spots appear in the places where the parasite has attached, then the leaves twist and fall. Another sure sign of infection is that sticky drops appear on the plant. This is the so-called pad, it is emitted by insects.
First of all, it is necessary to mechanically remove the parasites from the leaves and stems. Dip a soft toothbrush or cotton swab in vodka or insecticidal solution and clean the beetles. And then choose: the table describes the most popular methods of pest control.
Table - Methods of dealing with the shield
Problems and Diseases
In addition to parasites, other misfortunes can happen to the plant. For example, the leaves suddenly begin to sink and fall or rot appears. Consider the main "diseases" of the campanula and their causes.
- Gray rot. On the plant there are areas covered with "hairy" grayish bloom, resembling mold. Under the bloom begins the process of decay. This is a fungus. Causes: excessive watering and high humidity. Isolate the plant, remove the affected leaves and stems. Put the pot where the humidity is lower and reduce watering.
- The leaves turn yellow. Most likely, the direct rays of the sun or not enough moisture fall on the plant. Move the campanula to a cooler place, spray it, pour water in small portions, but every day.
- Leaves sluggish. Weak, lifeless leaves hanging - a sign that watering is too abundant. Do not let the water stagnate in the pan, water frequently, but so as to only moisten the soil, and not shed it.
- Stems thin and weak. Little light. Podyschite more lighted place, but avoid direct sunlight.
- Does not bloom. Campanula ceases to bloom when the plant lacks light or nutrition. And, perhaps, your bell is already old and just stopped its life cycle. If a young woman kampanula, then it must be rearranged to a well-lit place and fed three times a month.
- The plant fades. There can be many reasons: little light, little moisture, drafts, insufficient food, pests, rot. Analyze care, find errors and correct them. If the plant is attacked by parasites - see the tables above.
These are basic tips on how to care for a campaign so that it does not hurt and bloom profusely. While admiring the "falling stars", do not forget to look under the leaves, feel the soil, check for pests. Show a little more attention - this will allow you to fix problems on time, then the campaign will “thank” you with a stormy and long flowering.
Species and varieties popular in indoor floriculture
Biologists have described about 300 species of campanula, but only a few of them are “raised in captivity”.
- Campanula ravnolistnaya. This species is most often grown as a houseplant. The flower reaches a height of no more than 30 cm and has an ampel form. Its thin stems hang under the weight of flowers, so it is recommended to keep it in hanging pots. In spring and summer, the bell is covered with numerous flowers. The most popular varieties are Mayia (the “bridegroom” with blue flowers) and Alba (“the bride whose flowers have a snow-white shade”). The Napoli variety with large blue bells is very beautiful, the hybridizer created a bride as a pair for the groom — the Atlanta variety with similar white flowers.
- Campanula Pozharsky. Under natural conditions, the flower grows on limestone rocks on the Balkan Peninsula. Очень эффектное растение образует плотную куртину из сердцевидных листовых пластинок, высота которой в среднем составляет 15–20 см. Цветение обильное. Колокольчики имеют звёздчатую форму, окрашены в светло-голубой или сливовый оттенок. Гибридизаторами выведен культивар с белоснежными цветками.
- Кампанула Блауранка. Растение является одной из разновидностей кампанулы Пожарского. Отличительная черта — листовые пластинки и цветки крупного размера в сочетании с компактной формой куста.
During its flowering, Blauranka attracts attention with flowers painted in a delicate light blue tint. Such a campanula is suitable for growing both in the apartment and in the garden.
Forming a bush
In order for the plant to retain its decorative and tidy appearance, otzvety buds and dry leaves must be regularly removed. The same applies to the "bald" bottom shoots. Pinching will help to stimulate flowering - removing the upper 2-3 leaves from the shoots in early spring. After 3–4 weeks, they also do this with the lateral overgrowth.
Pinching the tops of the shoots stimulates branching and the formation of a larger number of flower buds
Table: how campanula responds to florist errors
Campanula leaves dry with insufficient air humidity or poor watering
Sometimes it is the fact that Kampanula does not bloom and the owner who is trying to turn it into a liana fades away. Pull up on the support for this plant is completely unnatural, as it unequivocally signals.
Common diseases and pests: what to do to save the flower
Campanula, despite the general unpretentiousness, is often affected by pests that are not averse to eat delicate leaves. It also does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the pot - rot develops quickly. Competent prevention will help reduce the risk of disease and the appearance of insects to a minimum:
- the content of all newly acquired plants in quarantine for a month,
- Regular inspection of colors and immediate isolation of all specimens with suspicious symptoms,
- placement of indoor plants and bouquets (especially from roses and chrysanthemums) as far as possible from each other, ideally in different rooms,
- daily airing of the room, spraying the leaves, dusting them,
- the implementation of recommendations for the care of the plant, especially with regard to irrigation,
- use only clean pots, disinfected primer and tools,
- periodic (once every 10–12 days) replacement of irrigation water with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Table: Diseases and pests affecting Campanul
- Remove the plant from the pot. Remove all leaves, shoots and roots even with minimal signs of damage.
- Season the slices with powdered chalk, activated charcoal, and cinnamon.
- For half an hour, soak the roots in a bright pink solution of potassium permanganate or any fungicide (Topaz, Skor, Kuprozan).
- Replant the plant, completely replacing the soil and sterilizing the pot. Add Glyocladin to the soil.
- For 2-3 months, water the flower with a 0.5% solution of Alirin-B, Previkur, Baikal-EM instead of water.
- Remove all affected tissue. Process the slices.
- Liberally spray the flower and soil with a solution of Teldor, Horus, Switch EDC.
- Water for a month with a pale-pink solution of potassium permanganate; powder colloidal sulfur once a week.
For prophylaxis, spray the plant with a solution of Fundazol (0.1%), Topsina-M (0.3%) or Bayletona (0.05%) once every 3-4 months.
- Apply a thin layer of ethyl alcohol or any alcohol-containing tincture on the leaves, and after 10-15 minutes, rinse under a shower.
- Liberally spray and water the plant, leave for 3-4 days under a plastic bag.
- If there is no effect, use Acaricides - Fitoverm, Omite, Apollo, Vermitek (3-4 times every 7-12 days, changing the drugs).
- Lubricate the shells of visible pests with kerosene, turpentine, acetic acid. After 2-3 hours, remove the flaps.
- Wash the plant under a warm shower.
- Treat with Phobicide, Metaphos, Fufanon (2-3 times with an interval of 5-7 days).
- Place sticky tape near the pot for catching flies, homemade traps, working fumigator.
- Every day, early in the morning, vacuum the plant, collecting dormant butterflies.
- If there is no effect, use Mospilan, Tanrek, Admiral, Commander until the pest has completely disappeared (with an interval of 3-5 days).
- Spray the flower with a foam of green potash or laundry soap.
- An hour later, wash the plant in the shower, cut off the most badly affected leaves and shoots.
- 3-4 times a day, spray the flower with infusions of any sharp-smelling herbs, onion peel, tobacco crumbs, citrus peel.
- In the absence of effect, use Biotlin, Inta-Vir, Fury, Iskra-Bio (3-5 times with an interval of 5-7 days).
The best time for grafting is mid-autumn. Planting material is obtained in the process of regular pruning. Better and faster rooted lower part of the shoot with the root buds (the so-called heel). It is enough to have 3-4 leaves on it.
Campanula stalk - lower plant escape
- Place the base of the cuttings for 25–30 minutes in a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin (5–7 ml per liter of water).
- Wait for the roots to appear by placing planting material in the water. In each container, dissolve a tablet of activated carbon and succinic acid (200 ml).
- Fill plastic cups with a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1). Seed cuttings with roots, deepening 2.5–3 cm.
- Create a greenhouse effect. Liberally spray the planting, not allowing the soil to dry, and air them daily. Maintain a constant temperature of 25–27ºС, provide bright diffused light.
- After 3-4 weeks, transplant the young campanules into the soil for adult plants. When they add about 10 cm in length, pinch the tops of the shoots for greater “bushiness”.
Campanula cuttings root easily and fairly quickly.
The division of the bush is made in the process of transplanting. Most often, it is not possible to unravel the roots, therefore the earthy clod is cut into several approximately equal parts with a sharply sharpened disinfected knife. "Wounds" sprinkled with crushed chalk, colloidal sulfur, cinnamon. Then the new plants are seated in separate pots and looked after, as usual. They need to be immediately plentifully watered, and no later than in a week - to apply fertilizer. The first month especially carefully protect the plant from direct sunlight.
The division of the bush campanula is performed simultaneously with the transplant
Seeds are sown in early spring. They save germination for a long time, at least for a year. Handle them carefully. They are very small.
Campanula seeds can be easily purchased at any specialty store or grown on your own.
- Fill flat containers with a mixture of leafy earth or peat crumb with sand (1: 1), moisten and level the substrate.
- If possible, evenly distribute the seeds on the ground surface. Sprinkle a little with fine sand (layer 2–3 mm thick) and moisten again with a spray bottle.
- Cover the container with glass or film. As it dries, sprinkle the soil with a weak solution of the root formation stimulator - potassium humate, Appin, Zircon (2-3 ml per liter of water).
- Daily open the greenhouse for ventilation, wash the resulting condensate. Maintain a temperature of about 23–25 ºС, provide lower heating and bright ambient light.
- Shoots appear in 5-7 days. When three true leaflets form, spread the campanules into small pots or plastic cups. In the process be careful, seedlings are very fragile. Further care is normal.
With proper conditions, campanula seeds germinate very quickly.
Currently, more than three hundred species of this flower are known. The flower grows in areas with a temperate cool climate. At home, grown several varieties of bluebell:
- Campanula Nettle differs impressive size. The height of the shoots can be one meter. Stems covered with slight pubescence. The flowers are white or blue, very large and collected in inflorescences. There are several types of the nettle-growing campanula, among them is the terry campanula. The plant grows well in shaded areas.
- Bluebell flower. This is a perennial with branched shoots. Flowers reach the size of three centimeters, are painted in lilac or milky color, collected in cone-shaped inflorescences.
- Campanula ravnolistnaya. This is a low herb with thin long shoots. Often used ampel form. The leaves are a light green shade, round shape, along the edges there are small notches, arranged on long cuttings. During the flowering period, the plant is covered with numerous flowers of white or blue. In the people the flower received the name "bride and groom".
- Campanula Terry. This is a hybrid species, which was obtained by breeding several varieties. The plant is quite capricious in its care and maintenance, it does not always bloom. Outwardly, it resembles a shrub covered with double flowers.
- Campanula Carpathian. The height of the shrub can reach 30-40 centimeters. The leaves are collected in the rosette, have an oval or slightly elongated shape. The flowers are quite large, painted white or purple.
- Campanula Blauranka. This variety is suitable for growing and keeping at home and in the garden. The bush is quite large. The flowers are collected from the inflorescence of 2-3 pieces, painted in pale blue color.
Campanula care at home
Campanula is a tender and unpretentious flower. Even an inexperienced florist can easily cope with growing and taking care of a kompanula at home.
Campanula belongs to the light-loving plantsTherefore, at home she should provide the most bright lighting for up to 6-7 hours per day. The flower does not tolerate bright sunlight, so it needs shading from bright light.
For campanula at home should maintain a constant temperaturey: from 26 degrees in the summer to 16 degrees heat in the winter.
In hot weather, shrubs can be kept on the balcony or veranda. The flower loves natural ventilation and fresh air, however, when placing the plant should be avoided drafts and cold air.
- Watering plants and moisture
Campanella can do without water for a long time. But on hot days, the flower should provide regular watering. Watering is carried out as the top layer of soil dries. Excess water should not accumulate on the pallet, as this can lead to decay of the root system. In winter, the campanula is watered no more than three times a month. For irrigation used soft, slightly warm water.
She responds positively to periodic spraying, although the humidity level for the bell does not play a special role.
- Transplant and soil
Campanula is a perennial that loses its ornamental qualities with age. Transplanting is required if the flower needs a larger pot.. The shrub is transplanted in spring or autumn using the transshipment method. The bush should be pulled out of the pot with a large lump of earth and moved to a new container. At the bottom of the new pot it is necessary to lay a drainage layer consisting of expanded clay, pebbles or small rubble and fill it with nutritious soil. After transplantation, the plant must be watered abundantly.
Campanula is propagated by seed, cuttings or division of rhizome.
- Flower propagation by seeds held in early spring. Seeds are very small, they are sown in cups or containers filled with moist nutrient soil. Seeds are evenly distributed over the surface of the earth and sprinkled on top of a thin layer of earth or sand. Watering the seeds is not made. If the surface of the soil is dry, it can be moistened with a spray bottle. Shoots appear 10-14 days. After the formation of 2-3 true leaves, saplings dive and sit down. Watering is done like an adult plant.
- Propagation by cuttings is carried out in the autumn. To do this, a 10 centimeters long cutting is cut from the bottom of an adult plant, then it is placed in a solution of potassium permanganate. After the stalk will take root, it is planted in the ground, consisting of sand and peat. The container is covered on top with a plastic bag or can. Spraying is carried out once a week.
- Reproduction division of rhizome is carried out during transplantation. To do this, dig the plant and with a sharp knife divide the root into several parts. Each young plant is planted in a separate hole. After planting, the plants are watered abundantly, and after 7-10 days they make mineral fertilizer.
Growing flower in open ground
Campanula requires a well-lit area. The soil must be nutritious and well hydrated. The ideal landing place will be a small hill.
It does not tolerate excess moisture, therefore, in advance need to take care of drainage. The flower grows well in loamy and light soil. Before planting seedlings dig up the area, remove the remnants of weeds.
In order to grow strong and healthy plants should take care of the seedlings. Sowing of seeds is carried out at the beginning of spring in small containers with nutritious soil. Cover them with glass to create a greenhouse effect. Watering is carried out as drying of the top layer of soil. You should also periodically open the container for airing and loosening the soil. After the appearance of these leaves saplings dive and sit down at a distance of 5 centimeters from each other. It is necessary to conduct tempering activities. To do this, the plants are carried out to the open air, gradually increasing the time.
First of all, strong young plants are planted in the open ground. Planting the remaining seedlings should be postponed to a later time.
Campanula needs regular fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers. Fertilization is carried out in spring and autumn. In early spring, the plant is fed with mineral fertilizers and compost; in the fall, fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus are applied. For feeding you can use ready-made mineral compositions for flowering and ornamental plants.
If plants bloom abundantly, then on completely impoverished soils they can be fed in the summer season with a lower dose of mineral fertilizers. Active dressings should not be carried out, as they can lead to the death of the plant.
Flower grower reviews
For kampanul age does not matter, they bloom on young shoots, so they need to be cut or renewed every year. At work, the shoot from this bush (six months to the plant) is already blooming magnificently.
Campanula loves coolness and fresh air, frequent watering, and preferably morning sunshine. Can be planted in ready ground "Saintpaulia." Cut the flowers, as they will dry out, and in general, in the autumn you can prune all the branches, and after such a procedure you will grow better. Water with Zircon, HB-101 or other biostimulants.
Campanula is kept in a cool room in winter, at a temperature of 10–12ºС. Requires bright lighting (in the summer on the southern and eastern windows needs shading). It is watered often in the summer, rarely in winter, since a period of rest is necessary. In spring, the upper dried parts of the shoots are cut, leaving the lower ones, on which new shoots are formed from the sleeping buds. Propagated by seeds and cuttings (in February-March). Cuttings rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. In order to avoid rotting of the cuttings, they are only slightly sprayed. Used as an ampelous plant.
Drying the leaves is the first sign of a lack of light. Campanula needs a well-lit place. She also needs moist air, and water should be watered slightly warmer than room temperature. It is autumn now, reduce watering, you need to water only as the soil dries out, but continue to regularly humidify the air. It is very harmful for her drafts, stale dry air. Be sure to remove the yellowed leaves and wilted flowers. If the main stem dies off, the dying off parts must also be cut off, but look, if you have young shoots there, by no means damage them. And further. Campanula hates when they raise her shoots up, giving her the appearance of creepers. This should not be done.
Many know the indoor flower, which is called the "bride and groom", and officially - kampanula. Ampelnaya plant with small leaves and with white or blue bells. Previously, these flowers were given to the wedding. Но есть такая особенность, что когда посадить их в один вазон, то «невеста» (белый колокольчик) явно подавляет рост «жениха» (голубого колокольчика). И необходимо знать эту особенность и сажать цветы в разные ёмкости или использовать перегородку в вазоне. На первый взгляд, растение можно назвать неприхотливым, но если ему не подойдут условия содержания, оно может погибнуть.In summer, the plant is difficult to transfer dry air and heat. It must be constantly sprayed, watered abundantly, but not poured, and put in partial shade. If you are planning to go on vacation, then you should not hope that the campanula will wait for you and be in good condition. The flower requires the constant removal of dried flowers and leaves, periodic pruning.
Campanula is my favorite indoor plant. Caring for her is not very difficult. He likes warmth, fresh air and spraying (but we do not spray flowers, otherwise they will turn black). Does not like overflow and drafts. It blooms mainly in summer and very abundant (with proper care). In the fall, she will have a period of rest, it is necessary to prune her and put her in a cool place, but she still needs watering (very rare). And the most important thing is that the ground should be loose with good drainage (I put either expanded clay or foam plastic). It is very good to put sphagnum moss in the bottom of the pot, it does not allow the roots to rot and has anti-bacterial properties. You can plant it in the garden, it feels very good there, it blooms all summer long too.
Campanula is a modest, but original and exquisite plant that will embellish any interior. It is difficult to find a culture that blooms so long and abundantly at home Provide the plant with the right temperature, abundant watering and bright light - and you will have not only beauty in your house, but also family happiness and prosperity.