The variety of overseas fruits in stores and markets is astonishing. Eating a new fruit, we get bones to remember about it. For many indoor plants lovers, itching to sow seeds or seeds and see what grows from them? Today we will grow an orange!
Having planted the bones from the mango or avocado it is very easy to get the seedlings, but the fruit from them will not work. These trees begin to bear fruit only when they grow to a height of 4.5 m and above.
Fresh persimmon seeds also germinate easily at home, but it will not grow and bear fruit in limited home conditions. Persimmon in the winter drops the leaves and it must be stored in certain conditions.
And pomegranates grown from seeds or pits, figs, lemons, tangerines, or indoor coffee are eager to bloom and even bear fruit.
It is very easy to grow oranges from seeds. Oranges in large quantities are sold at any grocery store. Their fruits contain a lot of planting material. The tree grown from the seed will not only decorate the interior, but also will flavor the air, destroying bacteria.
In a warm subtropical climate, the orange tree grows up to 7 meters in height, however, there are more low-growing varieties, not higher than 3m. A tree, evergreen, loving light, but tolerant of a slight lack of sunlight, ideal for growing indoors.
It is not difficult to create suitable conditions for it, which means that over time it will bloom and give almost real fruits. Three citrus trees in the room will create a citrus garden atmosphere indoors. Another undoubted property of the orange seedling is the graft of any citrus tree.
You can multiply the orange seeds or cuttings. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages.
A tree grown from a stalk will bloom much earlier than that grown from a seed, but the stalk needs to be found and rooted somewhere. In the garden centers they sell fruit-bearing seedlings, but their prices have no upper limit. A tree grown from cuttings fully preserves the hereditary characteristics of the mother plant.
Seeds to get much easier. Oranges are sold everywhere, and the seed in each fruit is enough for a whole grove. The wilderness grown from the seed is stronger and more adapted to the living conditions, more resistant to diseases, and the crown of seedlings is more dense and beautiful. Seedlings of seeds, if they are properly grown and shaped, bloom for 8-10 years of life. Consider
Seeds to take better from fully ripe fruit, the correct form. Seeds should be large and full-bodied. For sowing, you can take seeds from several different fruits.
Seeds cover a dense skin, especially hard after drying. Germination of dried seeds is markedly reduced.
Selected fresh, dried seeds are needed:
- free from the remnants of the pulp,
- rinse thoroughly under running water
- stand for 8 to 12 hours in water to which you can add Energen, Appin, HB or any fertilizer diluted according to the instructions.
You can sow the prepared seeds into individual containers with a volume of no more than 100ml, for example, from yogurt or sour cream, or you can sow all the seeds at once in a wide and shallow planting box.
The distance between the seeds should be about 5 cm and leave 3 cm to the walls of the box. The depth of planting seeds is about 1 cm. In any case, holes for water flow and drainage are required.
The soil can be taken ready. In specialized stores sold the soil for citrus. You can prepare the mixture yourself, mixing in a ratio of 1: 1 peat and garden soil.
Tanks with sown seeds are placed on a warm and optionally lit place. It will be useful to isolate the seed tanks from the cold window sill, installing them on the foam or penoplex.
You can create high humidity in individual dishes, if you cover them with plastic bottles with a cropped bottom. Screw the lid on the bottle, you can get a full tightness of the greenhouse, unscrewing the lid, we get moderate ventilation.
Boxes covered with cling film. It has a sufficient width, does not delay the light and is well fixed. The soil should be kept warm and moderately moist.
When after a month or one and a half shoots appear, lighting increases, lengthening the daylight with additional lighting, shoots will benefit. If seeds are sown at the end of winter - early spring, then additional illumination is not required.
When two real leaflets appear on sprouts growing in total capacity, they pick a greater distance. At the same time, it is necessary to handle the root system very carefully, and the root neck should remain at the same level.
When the sprouts have 4 - 6 leaves, they are planted in personal pots, no larger than 10 cm. Use landing capacity of a larger size is not worth it. The soil in the pot, where there are no roots, remains wet for a long time and turns sour. If the seedlings have ascended in individual tanks, then it is better to transfer the plant without damaging the coma.
The soil for grown plants take another: 2 parts of sod land, 1 part of leaf humus, 1 part of peat and 1 part of sand. When the orange tree grows to 15-20 cm, the next transshipment is necessary, but 3 parts of the sod land are taken and some clay is added.
The size of each next pot during transplantation is selected 1-3 cm larger than the previous one. Transplantation of adult plants takes place once every two or three years. In plants older than ten years, instead of transplanting, they replace the top layer of soil.
The ideal time for transshipment of orange trees of any age is considered to be the beginning of spring, before the appearance of new leaves and buds.
Good drainage and moderate watering is necessary for an orange at any age.
Conditions necessary for the successful cultivation of orange in the apartment
To successfully grow an orange tree you need:
- lack of drafts,
- air humidity not lower than 40%,
- moderately wet ground
It is better to have plants on the sunny side, but leaves must be protected from direct sun. On the other hand, a significant lack of light inhibits flowering and the formation of fruits.
If possible, in the warm season, the tree should be taken out into the fresh air, protected from direct sunlight. In winter, flowering plants need to light up.
The optimum humidity in the room must be maintained above 40%. At lower humidity, the tree sheds leaves, leading to its death. During the heating season you need to especially carefully monitor the level of humidity in the room.
If necessary, you can increase it by spraying the plant or install a bowl with moist expanded clay or moss next to the tree. It is very important to monitor the soil moisture in the pot. Excessive moisture leads to decay of the roots, lack of moisture dries the tree.
Lack of moisture in the soil is dangerous in the summer, when there is an active growth of leaves and shoots. It is possible to water an orange in the summer and every day, if only the moisture in the pan does not stagnate.
A particular danger to orange trees is chlorine contained in irrigation water.
Water for irrigation is better to use snow, rain or separated for at least 24 hours and heated to 25 ° C.
The rapid and full development of the orange tree will be facilitated by the creation of conditions similar to those in its historic homeland - on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea or in North Africa:
- in winter, the temperature in the room where the orange grows must be maintained within +12 to +15 degrees, watering is reduced, the light day is extended with additional lighting,
- in the spring, when leaves and buds appear, the temperature rises to + 18C,
- summer orange tree should be carried out in the fresh air, protected from the midday sun, watered daily,
- every two weeks produce fertilizing plants complex fertilizer. Complex citrus fertilizer would be ideal. You can prepare a fertilizer mixture yourself, if 20 g of nitrogen fertilizers, 25 g of phosphate fertilizers and 15 g of potassium salts (not potassium chloride) are dissolved in 10 liters of water. Once a season, iron sulfate is added to the fertilizer mixture, and potassium permanganate is added once a month.
- The state of the tree is affected by changes in air humidity, light, temperature and even the orientation of the plant relative to the window. It is necessary to turn the pot for leveling no more than once every ten days and no more than 10 degrees.
Pests and diseases
Another point in the care of orange seedlings at any age is the prevention and control of pests and diseases.
Of the pests on citrus, in particular, on the orange there are aphids, spider mites, whitefly and scale insects. Weekly inspection of the plant will allow you to timely detect and destroy pests.
Especially carefully you need to inspect the tree when it is transferred from the open air into the room in the fall.
You can fight pests at home with broad-spectrum drugs with a short waiting time, such as Biotlin or Fitoverm.
From home remedies suitable infusions of garlic, hot pepper or a solution of laundry soap.
You can fight root rot using Fitosporin or a solution of tooth powder that reduces the acidity of the soil.
An orange tree grown from a seed can grow quickly, form a beautiful crown, after 6-8 years with proper pruning flowers may appear, but the fruits are likely to be inedible or very small and bitter.
Grown from seed plants do not retain the hereditary characteristics of the parent plant. In very rare cases, the fruit may be better or not worse than on the original tree.
In order for the fruits on the grown tree to appear earlier and be tasty, it is necessary to inoculate. Plant a seedling or a branch of a cultivated, varietal plant on a grown seedling. Identify the wilderness, unvaccinated seedling, can be on the long, solid, green thorns that appear on the seedling's trunk at the age of 1 year.
The best age for re-vaccination is 1-3 years
How to get the fruit at home?
The fruit of an unvaccinated orange tree will begin to produce on the 6-10 year of life and only on a properly formed tree. For the formation of buds, and later on, branches of a fourth and higher order are necessary. To get an earlier harvest to form a crown, you need to start from the moment when the trunk reaches a height of 20 to 30 cm.
- in early spring, the main shoot is clamped at a height of 15-25 cm,
- of the side shoots that appear, 3-4 are evenly spaced along the trunk and direction, which are pinned, limiting further growth,
- extra branches are removed on the ring,
- next spring, two branches of the second order are left on each branch, on which later higher branches will grow,
- on branches of the 4th order and higher, fruit-bearing branches develop,
- annually remove thickening, small and unsuccessfully growing branches,
- it is better to remove the first buds, saving the strength of the tree,
- for ripening the first time you can leave no more than 3 ovaries.
It is possible to stimulate the formation of buds if the orange tree is cold (+ 2-5 ° C) and dry wintering, limiting watering for 90 days. When the tree feels the temperature rises to + 15-18 ° C and the increase in irrigation on the branches, the formation of buds and ovaries will begin.
To obtain fruits, pollination is necessary. With a cotton swab, pollen from stamens is transferred to the pistil, and it is better if it is a pistil of another flower. The number of the resulting ovary must be strictly metered - each ovary should be provided with 10-15 healthy leaves.
With proper care, an orange tree can become a real longevity in the house - to blossom and bear fruit for up to 70 years.
We plant correctly
How to grow an orange seed? For planting necessarily take the bones of raw fruit, heat-treated fruit will not work. You need to plant a fresh seed as soon as you have eaten an orange - immediately start planting, the chances of germination in this case are great.
- It should prefer a clay pot. Its walls breathe, well absorb excess moisture, and if necessary - give it back to the ground.
- At the bottom of the landing tank must be laid drainage layer. As the drainage is quite suitable expanded clay.
- Citrus ground should be nutritious. You can buy it in a specialty store or make it yourself. For planting orange make up a mixture of 1 part sand, 1 part humus, 1 part leafy ground and 3 parts of sod.
- It is better to plant several bones at the same time, using a separate pot for each, deepening them by 2.5 cm.
- After planting, the ground is moistened, covered with film and put on a bright place without access to direct sunlight.
- Shoots will appear in about 3 weeks, before this film should not be removed. The temperature during all this time is desirable to maintain in the range of 22-25 ° C.
- The orange has multiple seed stones, so several shoots appear simultaneously. For further growth leave the strongest of them, the rest pinch.
How to care for seedlings
If you grow an orange tree, home care comes down to creating the ideal conditions for its growth and development. In the room the tree grows up to 2 meters in height, therefore it's worth taking care of choosing the right place.
Orange prefers bright diffused light. Without necessity, it is not necessary to rearrange it to another place, but it is necessary to turn around its axis - in this case the crown will grow evenly. Once every 10 days, unwrap the plant pot a little (10-12 °). In the summer months it is useful to put an orange in the fresh air, so that the sun does not fall on it.
The lack of light affects the plant is not the best way: growing shoots are drawn, and the leaves become shallow and can even fall off the tree. Therefore, in a room with windows to the north or west, growing an orange from a stone at home, it is placed on the windowsill. But in rooms with southern and eastern windows, the pot is set slightly apart.
The adult orange tree does not like transplanting, its roots painfully tolerate this procedure. To the plant did not feel the deficiency of nutrients, it is regularly fed. The top layer of earth in the pot is replaced from time to time by fresh. Young plants are transplanted annually as they grow, using a slightly larger pot.
Watering, spraying, dressing
Citrus love watertherefore, watering an orange at home should be regular and abundant. The drainage layer will prevent the stagnation of excess moisture at the roots and their rotting. Water should be soft and without chlorine, at room temperature. Pre it is better to defend it for 1-2 days. In the cold season, as the temperature decreases, the frequency of watering is reduced and less water is used for them.
Spraying the shoots will affect the plant in the most favorable way. For this procedure, it is better to use boiled or bottled water so that the leaves do not remain after the drying of whitish salt spots. In hot weather, an orange is sprayed 4-5 times a day. Spraying is also necessary during the heating period. Alternatively, you can consider installing a nearby humidifier. These devices are quite affordable and serve as an additional decoration of the interior.
In the active growth phase Orange needs additional feeding every 7-10 days. It is best to alternate the application of mineral fertilizers and organic. Use any citrus complex fertilizer or a weak solution of organic fertilizer. Iron sulfate is introduced at the root every three months - this will prevent yellowing of the leaves. Any supplements are applied to moist soil in order not to damage the root system.
Proper care of an orange tree in winter is important for further flowering and the formation of fruits. The plant just needs a cold wintering. The orange pot should be moved to a cool room with a temperature of 6-12 ° C, it will no longer be fed and the watering frequency will be reduced to 1-2 times a week in small portions.
If it is not possible to provide the plant with such conditions, he is left with a summer growing scheme with the same frequency of watering and fertilizing. Spraying is carried out more often. In order for the plant to suffer less in the heat with a short daylight, it is necessary to provide illumination with fluorescent lamps in the evenings and on cloudy days.
How to form a crown
How to grow an orange to fruit? Formation of the crown is important for the proper development of the ovaries and the production of fruits. In an unvaccinated orange grown from a stone, flowering occurs on the 5th year under favorable conditions. By this age, it is necessary to achieve a properly formed bushy crown with horizontal branches. All vertical shoots need to cut.
The first formative pruning is carried out, leaving the main trunk of 18-23 centimeters in size with four strong developed shoots. В дальнейшем на каждом из них оставляют по две основные ветки. На них формируется по 3-5 побегов, которые уже не трогают. Последующая обрезка сводится к вырезанию сухих или растущих внутрь кроны веток и прищипыванию молодых побегов для стимуляции ветвления.Do not over-thicken the crown.
Possible care errors
Compared to other citrus crops orange is considered quite moody . If the plant does not like something in the care, it starts dropping leaves, flowers and ovaries. Foliage may suddenly turn yellow. What causes this cause?
- Errors in watering. Orange tree is harmful both excess and lack of moisture.
- Abrupt change in the temperature of the home content. Transferring a plant from heat to cold and vice versa can cause subsequent leaf fall. A draft can also act.
- An oversupply of fertilizers or the paucity of soil may well be the cause of "ill health." Apply feeding regularly, in strict accordance with the instructions.
- Damage to the roots during transplantation. Use a gentle method - transshipment without destroying the earthy coma.
- To change the lighting mode, the plant reacts with yellowing of the leaves. This may result in a rearrangement to a new place or an unexpected turn of the pot on the window.
- Capricious orange does not tolerate tobacco smoke, do not smoke in the room where this tree is located.
In conclusion, we can say that not all flower growers manage to achieve orange blossom out of the bone at home and try to further its fruits. But in the end, we can buy oranges in the store. An elegant tree with glossy leaves in itself will liven up and decorate any interior.
Oranges are divided into two large groups: sour (bitter) and sweet varieties. There are three types that are most often found on sale in our country..
Chinese or Portuguese fruit. The most common and sought after variety.
Usually these are hybrids of mandarin and pomelo. Have a bitter-sour taste. These fruits are often called oranges.
A hybrid of citron and orange. It has a strong bitter-sour taste.
All oranges are equally healthy and tasty. They contain a huge amount of vitamins, amino acids and trace elements. We present you the best varieties.
Sour-sweet fruit with thick porous skin. Many people are mistaken, considering that the homeland of this variety is the USA. In fact, this variety comes from Brazil. Its fruits have practically no pits.
Variety of Spanish oranges. They are distinguished by a thin peel of bright orange color with red patches. The flesh is the same color. These oranges have a pleasant sweet taste.
Variety from Sicily. For a long time was the most popular at home, but in recent years, gave the palm to the two previous varieties. It has a lot of bones and is beautifully grown from them.
The name accurately describes the shape of the fruit. To taste this variety is almost the same as Valencia.
Another early ripe Sicilian variety. Fruit picking season lasts from November to January. These oranges have not only a pleasant taste and exquisite aroma. However, the fruits are popular not only because of the excellent taste, but also because of the unusual blood-red color of the pulp. How to grow a red orange from the bone, we will tell a little later.
At the end of a short review, I would like to say that Moroccan and Abkhaz oranges today are a worthy competition to the varieties described above.
Soil mix preparation
Before planting seeds, it is necessary to prepare the soil for the future tree. It is prepared from:
All components in equal parts are thoroughly mixed, and the soil is ready. The soil for the orange should be saturated with trace elements, so you can buy ready-made soil with the inscription "Rose" or "Lemon", which is perfect for an orange (tree). The plant needs drainage. To do this, you can use small stones or expanded clay. The best time to plant a tree is spring.
For planting, you can use any bones from the fruit just eaten, and if you wish, you can buy seeds of a particular variety. It is necessary to choose whole, intact and most attractive seeds. If you decide to use them from a fruit that has just been eaten, they should be gently rinsed, taking care not to damage the casing.
After that they are soaked overnight in warm water. Then the bones are laid out on a damp napkin and it is covered from above. Thus, you retain the moisture necessary for germination. Drying will negatively affect the germination of the plant. After that, place a napkin with seeds in a bag, creating a greenhouse effect for the bones. Orange is a heat-loving plant, so keep a bag of seeds in a warm room.
Seed germination process
For seed germination, a temperature of about +25 ° C is recommended. If necessary, the seeds in the package must be moistened. They should always be wet, do not allow drying. Sprouting takes an average of about two weeks, sometimes a little longer. It is important to periodically air the greenhouse.
Now you need to plant the seeds in a pot with sterile soil. To do this, buy or cooked soil composition calcined in a pan for a few minutes, spreading it in a thin layer. You will see the first shoots in three weeks. When they grow to two centimeters, seedlings need to be transplanted into pots with a diameter of about nine centimeters.
At the bottom of the tank lay a little clay, creating the necessary drainage. In a larger pot sprouts are transplanted when they appear on the fourth or fifth leaves. The next pot should be at least 9 cm in diameter. An old clod of earth that wraps the roots tightly should be preserved. Do not try to remove it - it can damage the roots.
During this period, it is necessary to create the most favorable conditions for strengthening the shoots and their hardening. Each transplant is carried out in a container with a diameter of five centimeters more than the previous one. Transplants stop when they begin to form the crown of the tree. After planting, the stone should immediately be poured over separated, filtered or boiled water.
Cover the pot with plastic wrap, creating a mini-greenhouse effect. Put it on the windowsill and make sure that it does not fall into direct sunlight. You can cover it with paper. At night, the film is removed, so that the seedling was aired.
Being interested in how to grow a fruit-bearing tree from an orange stone, it is necessary to know that this plant needs moist soils, therefore it should be sprayed daily. Water the soil as needed, but do not fill with water.
How to grow an orange from the bone: caring for a plant
The main requirements that this plant makes are watering and pruning. Even a beginner can grow an orange. Caring for a plant requires only care, patience and observance of simple rules.
Watering, as we have said, should be periodic. At the same time, there should be neither overmoistening nor drying out of the soil. Pruning produced annually. For the second year, the orange from the bone is cut off the top of the head, leaving no more than twenty centimeters. After that, the tree will throw healthy side shoots, though, and they will have to be removed.
Thus, skeletal branches are formed. When your tree starts to give fruit, the branches of the fruit are pruned as needed. It must be borne in mind that too many fruits on the branches most often lead to depletion of the plant.
How to form a crown?
This heat-loving plant needs crown formation. This work should be started from the moment the tree grows to thirty centimeters. It is necessary to cut from two to four leaves from the top of the plant. This will give a powerful impetus, and it will launch side branches, which are branches of the second order.
Subsequent pruning of these branches stimulates the growth of shoots of the third and subsequent generations. The twigs are pruned when they reach a length of thirty centimeters. That is how all shoots are shortened. As a result, the stem of the formed plant is fifteen centimeters, and the crown consists of three or four branches, which are covered with small shoots.
The aim of the grower are fifth order twigs, since it is they who give the fruits. But it usually happens for 5-7 years. It largely depends on the characteristics of the variety and conditions of detention.
First flowers and fruits
How to grow an orange from a stone, not only to admire a beautiful plant, but also to get fruits from it? Surely the answer to this question interests all florists. The tree begins to bloom in the fifth year after planting. But the first buds should be removed, because the plant at this age is not yet sufficiently strong for fruiting.
The real fruits of the plant will give for 8 year. There are several secrets to get a crop ahead of schedule. We present you some of them:
- Grafting (plant a twig from a fruit tree on a tree).
- Replant the plant often (2-3 transplants in the summer will enhance the development of the root system).
- Banding - wire pass the twigs or remove the bark in the form of a ring. As soon as the plant begins to bloom, the wire is removed.
- Cold winters. Take out the tree in a room with a temperature of +5 ° C for three months. Cold winters are very effective. They are recommended to spend the first two or three years. At this time, the plant is not fertilized, you can only water, but not abundant.
After these procedures, the orange begins to bear fruit in the fourth year.
How to grow an orange from a stone and multiply it later? At home, this can be done in two ways: by seed and grafting. In middle latitudes, the stalk is not so easy to get. You can ask him from friends who are breeding these citrus fruits, or buy them in specialized greenhouses.
For propagation, cuttings 15 cm long and 0.5 cm in diameter will be suitable. The cut is made under and above the bud, above and below. There should be at least four buds and three leaves on the stem. The handle is treated with a root growth stimulator. After that, it is placed in water for several days, and then planted in the ground.
Rooting can take from one to one and a half months. After rooting the cuttings, they are transplanted into pots by the method of transshipment. You already know how to grow an orange from a stone. The process is more complicated, but very exciting. A tree grown in this way has a strong genetics and has other characteristics that differ from the parent.
The cuttings completely inherit the donor’s genetic code. At the same time, grafting significantly reduces the time of fruiting.
Diseases and pests
Many pests can attack an orange. The tree can be affected by some diseases. Its main enemies in indoor floriculture are spider mites and scale insects. In addition, an orange seedling can be affected by viruses and fungi.
Fight against diseases and pests is possible with the help of fungicides and insecticides. Affected areas are cut and smeared with garden pitch. In advanced cases, a diseased seedling is recommended to be burned.
Oranges are very healthy fruits. They reduce the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, strengthen the immune system, normalize blood pressure. It is not surprising that many gardeners and gardeners dream of growing this plant. Hardly anyone would call this culture unpretentious, however, it will not deliver even more difficulties in care. Constant care, hard work and a great desire to grow an exotic plant will surely give a positive result.
Planting orange tree
The most common way to grow an orange is to plant a seed in the ground. But first you need to prepare this land. You will need:
- One part of leafy land (rotten foliage).
- One piece of sand.
- One piece of humus.
- Three pieces of turf.
Consider the landing process:
- All components are mixed and the soil for the future of citrus is ready. Land for planting orange should be rich in trace elements, so the best option would be to buy ready-made mixture in stores. You can buy land with the note "Lemon" or "Rose", they are perfect for growing oranges.
- At the bottom of the pot you need to lay drainage. For this suitable keramzit or small pebbles.
- Stone for planting should be fresh, ie, only withdrawn from the fruit. It needs to be buried 2 cm in the ground. Then sprinkle with earth and slightly compacted.
- Immediately after planting, the stone should be watered with boiled, filtered or distilled water.
- Cover the pot with plastic so you create a mini-greenhouse effect.
- Put the pot on the windowsill and make sure that direct sunlight does not fall on it. To do this, cover it with paper. At night, the film must be removed in order to air the seedling.
- After 20-25 days, a sprout will appear.
- Oranges love moist soils, so they need to be sprayed daily. And water as needed, but in no case do not fill with water.
- A year later, the seedling can be transplanted into a pot that has a larger diameter.
How to grow an orange at home from the bone?
The stone of the orange is covered with a rather dense, hard skinned, on the one hand, it keeps the sprout from all kinds of damage, and on the other hand, it prevents its germination. If the seed dries up, it is very difficult to make it slip, therefore only fresh seeds are used for planting.
- washed in warm water
- soaked for 8-12 hours
- planted in loose soil or peat to a depth of 1 cm under the film.
Until the moment of germination, which will come in a month and a half, the container with the seeds remains in a shaded warm place. A mini-greenhouse must be periodically moisturized and ventilated. And only after the appearance of sprouts, future orange trees are brought to light.
Since in countries where oranges grow in nature, trees generously receive both heat and light, it is possible to provide seedlings with the longest possible daylight hours by planting seeds at the end of winter or in March. But in this case, young orange trees respond well to the extension of the daytime with the help of special lamps.
Orange transplant at home
The sprout pick is carried out at the stage when two true leaves are revealed on an orange, and it is important to take into account that the plant reacts extremely painfully to all manipulations associated with transplantation and possible damage to the root system. It is unacceptable that the root neck of an orange should be when transplanted underground.
The best way to transplant a tree is a spring transfer of the plant along with an earthy ball, until the active growth of the shoots began, and the buds did not appear. Home-grown orange will have to be regularly subjected to this procedure, each time choosing a container with a diameter of 1-3 cm more than the old pot:
- The growing root system of a young plant once a year requires expansion of the “living space”.
- Adult fruiting trees are transplanted every 2–3 years.
For seedlings with 4-6 leaves, a pot with a diameter of about 10 cm and a soil mixture of two parts of sod land, one part of deciduous humus, the same volume of peat and sand will suit. Already at the next transshipment, the share of sod land in the ground is increased and a small amount of clay is added. The orange tree, which is grown from the stone at home, is sure to provide good drainage and watering, not allowing the roots to rot.
Optimal growth conditions for an orange at home
Like all residents of the subtropical zone, orange trees do not tolerate drafts, but they are very fond of light and are demanding of air and soil moisture. With a lack of lighting, citrus fruits can hurt or refuse to bear fruit, therefore, it is better to grow them on the sunny side, but protecting them from burning direct rays, especially in summer. In autumn and winter, when the duration of daylight falls, the orange grown from the stone is highlighted.
The humidity of the air in the room where the tree is located should not be lower than 40%, otherwise the plant begins to quickly dump the leaves and may die. This occurs especially in winter, during the heating season, or when the pot is close to the heater. In this case, it is necessary to artificially humidify the air, spray the plant and make sure that the soil does not dry out under it.
The danger of drying out of the soil also exists in the summertime, so daily watering, moisturizing the whole earthen clod, but not causing stagnation of moisture, urgently needs an orange.
Orange trees at home may die if the water for irrigation contains chlorine. Therefore, they use rain, thawed or separated water for at least 24 hours, which is heated to 25–30 ° C.
Caring for an orange tree at home
In order for the sapling to develop rapidly, and a few years later the plant began to bear fruit, it needs to create conditions, like in the Mediterranean and in the north of Africa, where oranges grow in nature:
- In the summer, a tree can be carried out into the air, protecting it from the scorching sun.
- In spring, when budding begins and the ovary is expected, orange trees should be at 15–18 ° C.
- In winter, watering is reduced and arrange a warm winter at temperatures above +12 ° C, not forgetting about the lighting of the plant.
На перенос из комнаты в комнату, изменение температуры, влажности и других условий выращивания, вплоть до поворота горшка, апельсиновое дерево, как на фото, в домашних условиях может сбрасывать листья, желтеть и чахнуть. Поэтому поворачивать растение, чтобы его побеги отрастали более равномерно, советуют приблизительно по 10° каждые 10 дней.
Actively growing orange every 7–14 days needs a complex fertilizer fertilizer for citrus crops or a composition based on 10 liters of water and:
- 20 grams of ammonium nitrate,
- 25 grams of superphosphate,
- 15 grams of potassium salts.
Caring for an orange tree at home implies that iron sulfate is injected into top dressing four times a year, and to maintain the rich color of the foliage, water is watered on the orange with a solution of potassium permanganate every month.
Graft orange bone
If you care for the tree, it quickly grows and develops. However, not everyone can wait for flowering and the ovary, and if the fruits appear, they are small and bitter. The fact is that oranges grown from the stone may not bear parental signs and be simply wild plants. Recognize such a wild can be at the age of one year on the solid green spikes on the trunk.
How to grow oranges at home, as sweet and large as store fruits? In this case, you can choose one of the ways:
- Carry out a classic graft of a tree, using a seedling as a stock for a varietal cutting obtained from a fruit-bearing plant.
- Plant an orange using budding, implanting the bud of a cultivated plant with a small layer of bark and wood. For reliability, you can use up to three eyes at the same time by planting them from different sides of the trunk.
The second method is less laborious and painful for the tree. If the seedling after vaccination remains only as a stock, it is better to perform the operation on a tree at the age of 1-3 years, when the diameter of the stem does not exceed 6 mm.
On an adult orange tree, in the photo, it is possible to inoculate various citrus crops, since the plant practically does not reject related species.
Formation of orange crown at home
Fruiting the orange tree at home can begin 6–10 years after seed germination and only under the condition that the crown is properly formed in the plant. Buds, and then the ovary, still plants appear on the developed branches of the fourth order. Therefore, to get an early harvest, crown formation begins during the period when the tree reaches a height of 25–30 cm:
- In the spring of the main shoot pinch at 18-25 cm.
- From the side shoots leave three or four of the strongest, which are cut, forcing to branch.
- In the next season, two branches of the second order are left from the increase. They will subsequently give from 3 to 5 shoots of the third order.
- And only then will the horizontal fruiting branches begin to develop.
- Next, monitor the density of the crown and the timely replacement of branches.
On young trees, the first flowers and ovaries are best removed. The first harvest can be only 2–3 oranges, so that the plant does not lose too much strength when they mature.
It is possible to speed up the entry of a tree at the time of fruiting by arranging an orange wintering at a temperature of 2 to 5 ° C, limiting watering and not feeding for three months. When in a room where oranges grow, the temperature rises to 15–18 ° C, the set of buds begins and the formation of the ovary begins. A home-received orange at home can live for up to 50–70 years, regularly rejoicing at the appearance of white flowers and bright fragrant fruits.
Growing Orange Bonewood
Hello, dear friends!
The flower stalls sell lemon, tangerine and orange trees. Their beautiful and tasty fruits attract the eye of any buyer. Many flower growers are afraid to start a citrus plant in their house, thinking that they will not be able to cope with it. But not so difficult.
Since the cost of citrus trees in domestic stores is quite high, for example, you can try grow an orange tree from a pit in terms of the apartment.
Stages of growing orange bone pits
Citrus trees need a lot of light, so you need to grow them in a bright room. The plant needs your love and care. So let's get started.
1. After you have eaten an orange, select the largest stones and set them aside. Soft and flat can be thrown away.
2. Selected seeds should immediately be placed in a humid environment so that they quickly give roots. Bones should be wrapped in a piece of cloth or gauze, moisten the kulechek water and put on a saucer. To provide bones with warmth and moisture, the saucer must be placed in a plastic transparent bag.
3. A greenhouse with orange seeds should be placed in a warm place, with good lighting. Three times a week you should check the humidity of the cloth. Do not allow the fabric to dry out. You can wait for the first roots in 4-6 weeks. The speed of their appearance depends on your proper care.
4. When you see the spine, then you should not plant a bone in the ground right away. It is necessary to wait until the spine reaches a length of 1-2 cm. A layer of drainage should be laid on the bottom of the disinfected pot, and then the prepared soil. In the ground make a depression of 1.5 cm and plant an orange bone in it. When the pits are buried in the ground, the root cannot be damaged.
5. A small sprout needs constant spraying. Put the pot with seedlings should be on the brightest place, but not under the direct rays of the sun.
6. When the first pair of leaves appears, an orange tree can be transplanted into a pot in which it will continue to grow. When you see that the grown plant does not have enough space, it must be transplanted into a deeper pot.
7. Caring for an orange tree is watering, regular spraying. Do not forget that the tree loves to swim in the sun, so it needs sunbathing.
8. Formation of the crown. When the tree grows up, you need to pinch the top. Thus, the plant will give additional shoots and will soon become a lush bush.
As you see grow an orange tree from a pit at home is a snap. If the plant to carry out competent care, the fruits on the orange tree appear for 5-6 years of life of the plant. See you, friends!
How to plant an orange from a pit: photo
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My orange tree, grown by me from an orange stone, was already 4 years old. The tree developed normally, and I waited for it to bloom. But a friend said that if it blooms, it will not soon, or maybe not bloom at all. And she suggested that I should be vaccinated on my orange tree from my own - she already has an old, constantly flowering and fruitful tree. A friend cut my tree, planted a small stalk on the trunk, cut from her tree. And after 2 years, the first flowers appeared on the bush.
What are the requirements for growing orange house
Having an orange at home is the dream of many housewives. Observing the requirements for the care of a plant, to grow a wonderful orange tree at home will not present difficulties. Of course, when growing it, you must carefully follow certain rules. But as a result, a magnificent exotic homemade orange will delight you and your family for years.
Growing an orange culture at home will not be difficult, if you follow all the rules.
Orange, like all citrus fruits, is a very useful plant. The use of its fruit improves immunity, enriches the body with vitamins. At home, an orange tree, unlike a lemon, is unlikely to produce large and tasty fruits, as when grown in open ground. But the air, purified by him from harmful substances, will be very useful.
Providing the right care, you can grow an orange tree to 1.5 m tall. Room orange is an evergreen tree with a spreading crown. During the flowering period, small white flowers spread a pleasant delicate delicate aroma in the house. Those who wish to grow this plant should be aware that it is quite capricious and requires personal care.
Watering room orange should be carried out very carefully, not overflowing.
- Cherenkovanie. An important advantage of the method is the preservation of varietal characteristics. For cuttings use the branches of this and last year, covered with bark. Using a sharp knife, cut off the stalk 8-10 cm long with 5 leaves just below the bud at the bottom and 5 mm above the bud at the top. Remove the leaf from the lower kidney. Plant the cuttings in a mini-greenhouse in sandy soil. Place the teplichka on the lit place without direct sunshine and watch that the soil was slightly moistened. In about a month, rooted cuttings can be transplanted into an individual pot. Do this carefully so as not to damage the delicate roots.
- Planting seeds. Even a beginner gardener can use this method. Plants grown from seeds are less demanding to care, grow quickly, but begin to bear fruit only for 8-15 years of life. Know that such a tree can not borrow varietal traits of the parent. Bones for planting use it from the indoor orange. Seeds of store fruits are not suitable for growing in the house. The bones should be fresh, i.e., just taken out. They should be planted in a mixture of humus and sand to a depth of 1 cm. Cover the container with a film and place in a dark place. With moderate watering in about a month, the first shoots will appear.
Orange tree from the stone at home
When the first two leaves grow, transplant the sprout into a pot.
Many housewives face yellowing foliage. Sometimes an orange can completely shed the crown. Watch the tree. You may have overdosed with irrigation or fertilizer. Either your orange lacks light or it stands in a draft.
Be attentive to the plant, and your handsome man will give joy for many years!
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Orange tree is easy to grow, but you need to know the features of its cultivation.
Every citrus lover at least once wondered whether it was possible to grow an exotic fruit on his windowsill. In fact, despite the fact that the cultivation of fruit on the balcony requires skill and some experience try to grow citrus trees for everyone.
An orange grows from the seed as well as a lemon, so at home you can get a very good harvest from an orange tree. True, there are many nuances here, because growing citrus trees indoors is a time consuming and troublesome process.
This process begins at the stage of seed preparation. With due diligence quite really succeedbecause an orange is not so demanding to care.
Planting orange seed
Choosing the right seed is half the battle. It is necessary to take seeds for planting only ripe and sweet fruit. The collected stones are washed with room water and immediately planted in containers with loose soil and good drainage. This rule should be observed very strictly, because the old and dried bones are likely will not give any shoots.
As a suitable substrate for future orange sprouts fit special mixes for citrus from the store. You can prepare the soil on your own by mixing peat, sand and sod land in equal proportions.
Orange bones are buried in the ground relatively shallowly, no more than 2 centimeters. Before disembarking the soil must be moistened. It is unacceptable to plant bones in a dry soil with further watering, because in this case the ground will be too moist.
Excess moisture directly affects the quality of germination of seeds. The soil should be moistened evenly, without excess water and dry places: for this, planting is covered with a film of polyethylene. Under cover creates a uniform temperature. and comfortable wet conditions. This technique guarantees good seed germination.
The pot with the bones planted should be placed in a well-lit place and the “greenhouse” is ventilated daily in the evenings. Worth saying that Orange likes abundant watering and absolutely does not tolerate drying of the soil. Dryness harms not only the development, but also the health of the whole plant.
If you comply with all conditions of planting and watering, the seeds should germinate in a couple of weeks. From this moment comes the most crucial period of care for young sprouts. First thing It is worth choosing the strongest and most beautiful sprouts and transfer them to individual pots, where they will grow for a year until they have a well-developed root system. In addition, by the age of one, a young orange will get strong enough and will give new shoots.
While growing a young orange tree, there may be some problems with growth due to climatic conditions. Orange does not like drafts, temperature changes and bright sunlight. However, it should still be put on a well-lit place, preferably on the window on the south side.
Growing citrus pits at home. My experience and results
Without enough natural light, an orange will develop poorly.
For this reason, in winter Orange needs to be additionally arranged for artificial lighting.. To ensure that development takes place correctly and evenly, the pot must be turned with different sides to the source of illumination. In this case, all the shoots of a young tree will grow strong and beautiful.
Fruiting orange tree
If all the stages of planting and growing trees successfully completed, you can think about fruiting. Just because an orange tree is unlikely to produce fruit, it needs additional energy. Such plant energy is derived from nutrients and fertilizers that can be bought at any flower shop. In addition, it is also necessary to inoculate the plant with a sprig of cultivated orange. This sprig is bought in a special nursery. Otherwise, the fruits will be inedible and tasteless.
Orange tree pollinated by yourself, therefore, no hardworking insect flower grower is needed.
An important point when growing an orange tree is kronirovanie. It is necessary to pinch the twigs of the plant so that a beautiful crown is formed. Well-developed tree throws much more flowers and gives more fruit. Only the tips of the twigs at 1-2 centimeters on the fourth and fifth rows are pinched.
The soil with an orange tree needs to be loosened regularly. in order to avoid rotting of the roots. To disinfect the soil, it can also be poured with weak potassium permanganate.
To prevent an orange from becoming infected with pests and viruses, leaves are wiped from dust with a damp cloth.
Orange should be kept away from other indoor plants.because they can attract pests and diseases. For the prevention of such lesions, the foliage of an orange tree should be regularly examined.
To make an orange look beautiful and healthy his crown is sprayed with onion decoction, infusion of garlic or tobacco. This procedure protects the plant during fruiting.
The benefits of citrus for the body is huge. You can grow not only oranges, but also tangerines, pomelo and even kumquat. The main thing is that the plant was moistened with the soil, and there was no strong cold wind and sun rays were present. Download dle 10.5 films for free
Orange - type of citrus cultivated plants, common in tropical and subtropical climatic zones. Its fruits contain a large amount of vitamins and trace elements, due to which they are very useful.
Orange Tree Description
Orange is a citrus tree, reaching a height of 5-10 meters. Interestingly, some of them are 150 years old. In good years, the harvest of an orange tree can reach 30-35 thousand fruits, which makes their cultivation a very profitable business. Not surprisingly, this is one of the most common fruit crops in the world.
Oranges - The fruit of the orange tree. They usually have a size of about 10-20 cm in diameter, easily recognizable by the rich orange color. It is in this color painted outer layer of a rather thick peel. It contains essential oils and various beneficial substances used in cooking and medicine. А вот внутренний слой является весьма тонким и представляет собой легко отделяющуюся плёнку белого цвета.
Мякоть апельсина представлена множеством соковых мешочков, которые упакованы в доли — гнёзда плода, каждое из которых содержит семена. Благодаря такому строению апельсины являются очень сочными и содержат большое количество полезных веществ. The color of the pulp, by the way, is also orange - it is a distinctive feature of the fruits of this plant. True, some citrus fruits are very similar to oranges both in color and in fruit structure: mandarin or lemon, for example.
Useful properties of orange
Oranges contain a large amount of vitamins, minerals and other substances. Because of this, they are one of the most useful fruits in the world. Usually, oranges are eaten fresh, but they are also canned, squeezed to make juice, or boiled to make jam. Processing and exposed to orange peel, because nutrients are contained in it.
orange washington brought
Washington Nevel (Washington, Bahia, Riverside, Baia, Baiana) one-year sapling (height 20cm)
Early ripe grade of orange.
Fruits are large, spherical to slightly elongated, brightly colored, without seeds. Their characteristic feature is that on the reverse side of the stem is so-called. “Navel” (underdeveloped second fruit). The peel is medium thick, rough. The flesh is dense, quite juicy, fragrant. The trees of this variety are medium tall, with a round crown, some branches hanging loosely. This variety is sensitive to excess heat and drought during flowering and fruit set.
The exact origin of this variety is unknown; according to initial research, it appears to come from a mutant sprout found on one of the trees in the Selecta variety, growing in Bayeux, Brazil and then actively propagated between 1810 and 1820 . According to R. Hodgson, the parent tree was a Portuguese Umbigo orange variety, described by Risso and Puato in 1818-22.
Due to its high consumer qualities, this variety of orange is widespread. It has been grown since 1824.
Orange homemade tree: potted
in Australia and from 1835 in Florida, and from 1870 in California, USA (variety material was imported from Australia).
Apparently this variety is obliged by its main name (Washington) to the California plantations E. Tibbetts from Riverside, from where it gradually spread throughout the world and acquired the second (after the orange variety "Valencia") value in the world.
Can be attributed to unpretentious room citrus - put up with dry air and lack of light in the winter. The leaves are dense dark green 15 x 8 cm, the length of the leaf stem is 20-25 mm, the lionfish are small, rounded, with spines in the leaf axils up to 25 mm long. It blooms once a year - in the spring. The flowers are mostly single or gathered in small brushes, very fragrant, the flower diameter is about 6 cm.
Citrus (lemon, orange, tangerine) tree. Growing lemons, oranges. Planting, reproduction, vaccination, watering, care
Like lemon, orange, tangerine to plant and grow. How to multiply, inoculate, water, care for them? (10+)
Growing a citrus tree
Despite the fact that lemon is not a deficit today and is present in the daily diet of almost every family, one type of sunny fruit reminds us of hot lands. An exotic tree with lush green leaves and bright fruits will create a festive atmosphere in the room, and a light citrus scent will bring the lightness and fun of exotic resorts to even the most ordinary apartment. And of course, the flowering and fruiting lemon tree will be the best indicator of the economic nature of its owner.
Other species of citrus trees are usually grown on the basis of a lemon tree.
First you need to grow a lemon, and then plant a sprig of tangerine, orange or other citrus trees.
Read also the article on how to grow pineapple on the windowsill.
From the beginnings or start with a clean pot
Of course, today you can buy an already grown lemon tree or even an adult plant with flowers and fruits. But, firstly, it is much more pleasant to grow it yourself, and secondly, it should be borne in mind that a large tree has become accustomed to certain conditions and adapted to its environment and therefore there is a very high probability that in other conditions it will hurt or and stop fruiting altogether.
So, the origins of growing lemon tree - seeds. You don’t need to look for them specifically; the best planting material is an ordinary bone of a purchased lemon. It should be taken from fresh, juicy lemon. The bone itself should also be fresh, moist and it should be removed from the lemon just before planting so that it is still in the juice. You can plant a few bones, - so more likely that the tree will rise. Initially, the bones can be planted in a plastic cup (but you need to make drainage holes), and when the sprouts sprout, they should be planted in a pot. Lemon generally likes replanting.
Soil for lemon tree
As with any plant, for a lemon it is necessary to choose the right soil composition. You can just take the soil from the natural environment. To do this, you need to find a suitable place: it is better to collect the ground under a tree, away from the roadway and industrial facilities. Only the top layer will be useful, since there is more humus in it and it is more fertile.
If you use the purchase of the soil, it is possible from individual ingredients to create ideal conditions for the growth of lemon. The basic rule is that the ground for citrus plants must be nutritious and loose (for air and air to circulate freely).
Peat can be a part, the root system easily develops in it. But purchased peat mixtures are quickly depleted and the plant may wither, therefore it is advisable to use fertilizers. Black soil can also be used. But it is too dense, so it is better to make a kind of mix of chernozem, peat and earth from under the tree. Components to mix in equal parts and it turns out a very good version of the soil for the lemon tree.
So, when the preparatory work is completed, you can go to the landing. Put the stones into the finished wet (not wet) soil at a depth of about 1 cm, to the edge of the vessel (in this case, a plastic cup) from the soil should be left empty about 2 cm. The finished forms can be covered with a film. The initial care is simple: no need to water, except to spray, special light is not needed, the temperature regime is not strict (at least 18 degrees). But what should be avoided is drafts.
From this point you just need to wait: earlier than 20 days the first sprouts will not appear. When a second pair of leaflets form on the shoot, it is time to transplant. Lay out the drainage (a small layer of stones) at the bottom of the pot, then a layer of wet river sand to prevent the soil from getting into the drainage.
For a start, you need a small pot (approximate parameters: 15 cm high and 10 cm in diameter), then you can replant gradually into pots of large sizes, up to 10 liters.
Care for a young seedling
Immediately after transplanting a young plant, it should be watered and sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and put on the window sill so that the leaves of the plant are directed towards the sun. But the direct scorching rays of the sun should be avoided in the hot season. Lemon more suitable diffused light, but constantly twisting and rearranging the tree is not worth it - it can even lead to the death of the plant.
Watering should be approached responsibly. You need to touch the ground in a pot, if it falls apart and does not stick to your fingers, then you need to water it, and if the ground sticks and gets lumpy, then it is better to wait with watering.
Water for irrigation of the lemon tree, like any other indoor plants should be separated. Lemon should be watered with warm water. If necessary, it can be heated to a temperature of 30-32 degrees.
In the process of irrigation itself, there are also some nuances: it is necessary to tilt the vessel as low as possible in order not to blur the upper layers and not to bare the roots, to water it better along the contour of the pot so that the lemon is in evenly moistened soil. At the bottom of the pot there should be small openings so that the excess water goes into a special pan from where it should be drained. In addition to watering the soil, a common spraying of the trunk and leaves is useful for lemon.
Lemon tree should be periodically replanted. The specificity of this plant is that its roots are tangled, so over time it is necessary to change the pot to a larger size. But with a transplant, in no case can damage the root system.
With this care and responsible approach, the lemon tree will delight stable growth. But in order to receive the cherished fruits, it is necessary to plant the plant.
Grafting a lemon tree at home
If the tree - a lemon has safely grown to the age of 2 years, then you can begin to plant it and reasonably expect to receive a harvest. The essence of grafting is to transfer the cutting from one tree to another. It is not necessary to use identical trees, so a lemon can be grafted with an orange, mandarin or another citrus plant.
Orange tree: growing and care at home
To do this, you need to take a 1-2 summer branch of a fruiting plant, leave only the buds and petioles on such a branch. The twig should be fresh cut, but ideally. It is also permissible to store for several days under strict observance of the following rules: tightly wrap the cut branch with a damp natural cloth, wrap it in a plastic bag and keep it in the refrigerator. This option is valid, but not desirable.
Read more about the grafting technique.
Where to get a sprig for grafting? Since the cultivation of exotic fruits at home has become popular, shops for gardeners have appeared in sufficient quantity, where you can buy separate small branches of an already fruit-bearing tree. You will immediately want to ask the question: for what reason not to buy just a fruitful tree? Yes, because such a tree will cost a tidy sum that will not appeal to everyone. Based on this, gardeners are offered the opportunity to plant their own tree, having bought before it a single branch, of small size.
Compliance with and compliance with the proposed recommendations will contribute to the cultivation of a healthy tree and the desired fruits, but the main factors remain the love of nature, diligence, positive atmosphere and true concern for the plant.
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