Trees

Features willow winding, or Sverdlovsk

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One of the most popular ornamental trees in Russia is a sinuous willow. This is a beautiful tree that is suitable for almost all landscapes and does not require special care. It looks great as a tapeworm and in group plantings, suitable for gardening suburban and garden plots. Bring harmony and tranquility to any place to rest.

Description of the winding willow

A general description of the sinuous willow includes an important distinguishing feature - a curved trunk, branches and twisted narrow leaves. The decorative shape of the branches contributes to the wide use of the variety for creating garden bonsai and original landscape compositions. Willow perfectly tolerates a haircut, which allows you to adjust the shape and thickness of the crown. Now we consider the most common decorative varieties that are widely used in landscape design.

Very popular among gardeners willow winding Matsudana. It is a medium-growth tree or shrub, growing up to 4 - 13 m in height and up to 7 m in width. Her crown can be formed in the process of growth, it responds well to a haircut. The leaves are narrow oblong, 5–10 cm long, green at the top, blue or white below, wrapped in incomplete spirals. The flowering period occurs in March-April. It tolerates almost all garden soil, but grows better on moderately moist, sandy-clay soils. Yves Matsudana requires mandatory corrective pruning, otherwise the crown becomes too thick.

The plant is very unpretentious, but for its good development requires a lot of moisture and light. It should not be planted in a draft, especially the cold north wind has a negative effect on it.

The winter hardiness of the species is satisfactory: in severe frosts, freezing of areas that are not protected by snow cover is possible. Many gardeners advise in the winter period to further warm this plant.

The willow Sverdlovsk meandering Ural selection is better suited for our climate. The tree has a height of 2 - 4 m. The crown is oval or broadly oval, sometimes consists of several thin stems, of average density, slightly weeping. Her spiral shoots of greenish-olive or red-brown color in the sun become shiny brown. The leaves are light green, slightly pubescent from above, and below - gray-gray, moderately pubescent.

The fertility of the willow soil Ural winding relatively undemanding. He loves light, so planting is recommended in open sunny areas with wet soil. The plant is highly frost resistant and easily withstands harsh winters. It is slightly affected by pests and fungal diseases, tolerates pruning.

Willow winding in landscape design

No one will be indifferent to various photos of winding willows in the landscape design of gardens. These trees look great all year round, even in the winter, so will be an excellent decoration of any garden.

Yves Matsudana has a thick winding trunk and thin brittle branches. This is due to the uneven thickening of the branches and trunk in the process of growth. Young shoots slightly pubescent, olive-colored, with time they become bare and brown. The rich reddish-brown color of the branches is especially noticeable in winter when the plant is at rest. The decorativeness of the Sverdlovsk willow consists of a wide oval crown, which consists of several thin stems with twisting, slightly weeping shoots and twisted leaves.

The tree looks great both alone and in a group. Used to create decorative permanent and seasonal compositions. The willow decorative winding near a pond perfectly looks. Thick crown is a great cover from the sun's rays and a great backdrop for decorating lawns.

The willow root system is very well developed, so these trees are often used to strengthen the sandy soil and the shores of artificial reservoirs.

Planting and care for winding willow

In order for a spectacular tree to grow from a young seedling, it is necessary to properly care for it. Planting and caring for a willow winding is not difficult. The main requirement for the location of willow - a place where there will be a lot of sunlight. Virtually all types of willows need moisture, so it’s best to plant them near water bodies.

This plant is propagated by cuttings. Let's look at how to plant it.

  1. First you need to cut the cuttings, prikopat them into the ground and keep it moist.
  2. The willow root system forms very quickly. And after its formation can be transplanted cuttings to a permanent place.
  3. Starting the landing, it is necessary to dig a hole and fertilize the soil with compost, peat or manure. For heavy soil, it is advisable to add sand.
  4. It is necessary to plant a stalk to a depth of 10-15 cm. In the ground it will quickly spread adventitious roots.
  5. The plant should be watered carefully until it forms a complete root system.

Virtually all types of willows grow well and take root. But keep in mind that biennial plants are much worse tolerate transplant. Therefore, it is desirable to transplant only young seedlings.

Caring for a willow winding is quite simple. As a rule, these trees are unpretentious, do not get sick and are not affected by pests.

The main rule - willow needs moisture. This is especially true for newly transplanted plants, with an unformed full-fledged root system.

Pruning is the most interesting point in the care of winding willows. Without it, the tree is very thickened. Therefore, at least a corrective haircut is necessary. With the help of pruning, you can easily adjust the shape and thickness of the crown to make a sinuous willow a real masterpiece.

It is necessary to take into account that in frosty winters Matsudan willow can freeze to the level of the soil, therefore in winter the tree should be covered. Ural winding is much better able to withstand severe frosts, therefore it is more suitable for a harsh climate.

Features of the plant

Depending on the varieties and formative pruning willow can grow in the form of a full-fledged shrub or tree in height from three and a half to twelve meters. With good care and maintenance, as well as with a favorable climate, a young tree in the first two years increases by one to one and a half meters in height, and later on by about forty to sixty centimeters each year. Distinctive features of the Ural willow are twisted light green leaves with light pubescence, spiral thin shoots of green or brown shade, hanging branches, wriggling trunk and weeping oval crown.

Unusual curly willow is characterized by high viability, endurance, resistance to various diseases and pests, ease of maintenance and reproduction, undemanding to the composition of the soil. The tree is very valuable from an environmental point of view, as it is able to clean the space near itself, trapping dust and absorbing heavy metals. The healing properties of sinuous willow are used in traditional medicine.

Decoctions, tinctures and teas of leaves, shoots and the bark used to normalize body temperature, to improve the quality of hair, as well as anti-inflammatory and tonic.

Types and varieties of winding willow

The willows of the Ural breeding differ in height, crown shape (weeping or pyramidal), and winter hardiness. Each variety has its own serial number. For example, by height distinguish:

  • undersized - variety №476, №576, №676 (from 1.8 to 3.5 meters),
  • sredneroslye - №1, №3 (from 4 to 5 meters),
  • tall - №2 (up to 12 meters).

Features of the most popular varieties:

  1. High level of frost resistance, unpretentiousness, high decorative effect, shoots of a reddish-brown shade, moderately-weeping crown, reproduction method - grafting, average height - 3.5-4 meters, easy maintenance.
  2. The height of an adult tree is from 10 to 12 meters, the bark is from dark green to brown, the leafy part is with light pubescence, the crown is spreading pyramidal, the high rooting rate of cuttings.
  3. The average height is 4-5 meters, a light green bark with a wax surface, leaves of sinuous shape, good rooting in water and in the soil, the lack of drying of the top of the culture.

  • 476 - a dwarf form with a height of 1.5-1.8 meters, an oval crown, thin shoots of red-brown color, average winter hardiness, cuttings root in 90% of cases.
  • 576 - height up to three meters, weeping form of the crown, shoots of a reddish-brown shade.
  • 676 - undersized form with a height of up to 2.5 meters, the shape of the crown - weeping, high winter hardiness,

Landing time

For seedlings, in which the root system is open, the optimal time for planting is a rest period. In the spring - this is March or the beginning of April, and in the fall - the end of October, after the leaf fall. If the seedling is transferred to the open area together with the earthy clod, then you can choose any planting time - from mid-April to the end of October.

Location selection

The winding willows, and especially the weeping species, prefer to grow in a well-lit sunny area without cold gusts of wind near the pond or in an area with close location of groundwater. Culture and perfectly fit periodically flooded area. The sun should heat and illuminate the tree from all sides, so it is not recommended to plant willow near buildings, tall trees or fences with high altitude. The soil should be light or medium loamy.

Soil preparation and planting seedlings

First, you need to prepare the landing holes fifty centimeters in diameter and about thirty-five - forty centimeters in depth. On heavy soils it is recommended to place a drainage layer about fifteen centimeters thick at the bottom of the pit. As a drainage fit a mixture of broken bricks with river sand or expanded clay. Then pour the soil mixture of coarse sand, rotted manure and mineral fertilizer. The seedling is placed in a hole to a depth of about ten to fifteen centimeters and immediately after planting it is plentifully watered.

Fertilization

Mineral and organic supplements are recommended to be made two or four times during the whole season. Culture is enough of their minimum number. Additional nutrition with a nitrogen content should be made only until the end of July. In the last summer month, willow is preparing to go into a state of rest, and nitrogen will prevent it.

Frequency and volume of irrigation

After planting, the sverdlovsk willow saplings will require abundant daily watering for seven days, which will contribute to the quick survival of the plant in a new place and the formation of new roots. Then watering is gradually reduced and carried out once or twice a week, and in the future two or three times a month will suffice. The average amount of irrigation water per week per tree is twenty-five liters.

The number and frequency of watering is still dependent on weather conditions and planting sites. It is recommended to use sprinkling in an open sunny area, and in the shade you should only water the tree at the root. With a close location of groundwater or water bodies, the volume of irrigation water will be much smaller, since the willow itself can provide itself with moisture from the soil.

The decorativeness of the Ural willow, as well as its full growth and development, depends on regular formative and sanitary cutting. Corrective pruning contributes to the formation of new shoots, and also improves the appearance of the tree by removing dry and damaged branches. The culture will be able to preserve its natural and well-groomed crown shape even with one pruning per year in spring time. It is very quickly building up new branches and therefore it is simply impossible to do without this annual procedure. As a tool you will need a pruner and garden shears.

This decorative Ural type of willow is very relevant to pruning and topiary. Topiary craftsmen can transform a willow crown with a geometric shape, an animal or any other object. Such natural sculptures will become a real decoration on the garden plot or in places of public rest.

Shelter and Mulching

Warming for the winter period is especially necessary only for planted young trees that have not yet fully adapted to the open field. The best cover will be spruce fur branches, which lies loosely and does not allow the bark to decay.

This building is located on the site from November to early March. Adult frost-resistant crops survive the winter without shelter.

Mulching is also recommended for young trees. Mulch from straw, chopped bark or sawdust is applied in near-stem circles in early spring. This layer will protect the crops that have not yet become stronger from weeds and will maintain moisture in the soil.

Pest control

Sinuous willow is rarely affected by diseases and pests. The main pests are aphids, leaf beetles, caterpillars, spider mites, rodents. The main disease is fungal blotch. It appears due to an overabundance of moisture in the form of numerous black dots on the leaves. Control measures - spraying with special preparations containing copper.

Breeding methods

One of the simplest and most reliable ways of willow breeding in the Ural curly is grafting. Rooting occurs easily and quickly in both water and soil. As the cuttings, you can use the willow rods, which remained after pruning or cut new shoots. Each cutting is placed in a moist soil to a depth of ten to fifteen centimeters and is regularly moistened before the formation of the root system. After the roots appear, the cuttings are transplanted to a permanent place, previously fertilized with manure or compost. You can put the cuttings in a container with water, where they will also take root quickly and will be ready for transplanting to open ground.

Sinuous willow can multiply by seed, but this long and troublesome method is used only in breeding work.

Application in landscape design

Unusual willow shoots are often used in their work by florists and ikeban creators. In flower arrangements, this malleable and well-bending material is an indispensable element. Due to its particular characteristics, flexible shoots are used in weaving. The craftsmen skillfully transform ordinary willow rods into vases, coasters, dishes, boxes and other wicker furnishings.

Most of all, this exotic plant is in demand and is popular in landscape design. Dacha plots, home gardens, recreation areas where weeping willows are planted or other decorative forms of Sverdlovsk meandering willow have a more harmonious and complete image, it seems that man is completely united with nature. This Ural decorative look near an artificial reservoir looks great. Willow with its roots will not only strengthen the shore of the pond, but also create a romantic resting place where you can hide in the shade and relax on a bench under dangling curly shoots.

Weeping willow in landscape design is also used as a material for the construction of arbors, live arches and fences, tunnels and other architectural "buildings". Branches of willows planted near various structures, periodically as they grow, are tied to them, and after a while a natural natural structure and an ideal resting place are formed. This ornamental plant looks great in a single landing and in the landscape composition.

Willows are twisting different

Willow winding matsudana, or Matsudy (Salix matsudana). Sinuous matsudana is grown in many countries. In Western Europe, it often grows in forests and parks. There she feels great.

The decorative form of matsudana is popular among our amateur gardeners - "Tortuosa" (f. tortuosa). It is grown in the form of a low tree or a tall bush. One of the features of the Tortuosa is a slightly sinuous stem and strongly curved branches with pistachio-gray bark. The leaves are curled with a curl and a spiral.

At our site grows several trees Tortuozy. First we planted a tiny sapling bought in a nursery near Moscow. We chose such an open place for him, so that you could admire the amazing shape of the branches from a distance. Willow lived there for no more than five years. It grew into a charming tree with a thick trunk and funny branches. It was destroyed either by frost, or by an icy northeast wind and strong spring frosts. In one day, all the leaves turned black, the ends of the branches began to dry, and then the branches themselves. New leaves grew and immediately dried out. No resuscitation procedures helped.

The cuttings of this cake were rooted and grown into trees, the shape of which I support by trimming. Those cuttings that we gave to our friends also became beautiful tall trees. They were able to survive, as they were planted in places sheltered from the wind, surrounded on all sides by other trees and shrubs.

Our friends say low winter resistance willow winding "Erythroflexuosa", which occasionally is on sale.

Willows winding Sverdlovsk. Для российского климата больше подходят ивы уральской селекции, выведенные в Ботаническом саду Уральского отделения РАН в Свердловске (Екатеринбурге) знаменитым селекционером В.И. Шабуровым. В работе принимала участие его дочь И.В. Беляева. У этих ив тоже сильно искривлённые ветви и скрученные листья. Окраска коры оливкового или красновато-бурого цвета. Есть модификации: низкорослые ивы с плакучей и пирамидальной формой.

Among the winding willows of Sverdlovsk breeding there are more and less winter-hardy. My friend tried unsuccessfully to grow a tree. I had to settle for a bush.

"Sverdlovsk meandering 1". It is worth paying attention to this frost-resistant willow up to 4 meters high with a slightly pronounced weeping form. The shoots are moderately weeping reddish brown. It is decorative, hardy and unpretentious. Better propagated by short cuttings.

"Sverdlovsk meandering 2". The tree (up to 12 meters) is strong, with a pyramidal crown consisting of twisting branches. The color of bark from olive to brown. Light green leaves have a slight pubescence. Rooting cuttings 100%.

"Sverdlovsk meandering 3". Tree height up to 5 meters. The shape of the crown is wide-pyramidal, medium density. The light olive curved branches are covered with a wax coating, more precisely, a peeling film of plaque. The leaves are sinuous. Rooting rate is very high. Many note the relative low vitality of this winding willow and the drying of the treetops. Work on it continues.

"Sverdlovsk meandering 476". It is a low wintery winding willow (in the description up to 1.8 m, dendrologists indicate a height of up to 3 m). Crown shape oval. The light olive bark of the branches is covered with peeling wax coating. Young shoots thin, reddish-brown. Rooting rate of cuttings - 90%.

"Sverdlovsk meandering 576". A low tree with a weeping crown. Repeats many qualities of the "Sverdlovsk meandering 476".

"Sverdlovsk meandering 676". A low winter-hardy tree with a height of up to 2.5 meters (sometimes it grows up to 3.5 meters) with a weeping form.

Growing winding willow

A place. Sinuous willows, especially matsudan, do not need to plant where the wind walks, especially she does not like the north-east. It is better to surround the willow with other trees and shrubs. I transplanted young willows of matsudana several times until I found suitable places for them.

At our site two willows grow twisting winding Sverdlovsk selection. They are grown from cuttings, so it is not yet possible to accurately determine their exact name. These trees with obviously weeping "inclinations" grow along the deaf fence protecting them from the north wind.

Frost resistance. Willow matsudana frost-resistant only conditionally. In some winters with severe frosts there may be freezing of that part of a bush or tree that is above the level of snow cover. I know amateur gardeners who warm their young willows at the end of autumn. This is only possible as long as the plant is low. I refused to keep the willow matsudana warm after it had transplanted trees to more protected places on the plot. There they are covered from the wind, and the root system and the lower part of the trunk are under the snow.

When weathe willow matsudana for the winter there is a danger of drying out. Is it necessary to wind the trunk tightly with lutrasil (especially in several layers), if thaws often occur in snowy winters? The bark under the wet lutrasil vyvaet. Especially if the trunk wrapped by it for a long time is in a thawing snowdrift.

On the willow of Matsudan "Tortuoza", loose leaves are often burned with May frosts. The icy northeastern winds in the frosty winter are too serious a test. Willow does not always tolerate it.

The willow is meandering better than the Sverdlovsk (Ural) selection.

Pruning and crown formation. Pruning is one of the most interesting aspects of caring for winding willows. Without pruning shears and pruning, the tree becomes heavily thickened, so at least corrective pruning is needed. If you have time and desire, then you should not limit yourself to minimal pruning, because you can create a real masterpiece out of a sinuous willow. Which one It depends on whether we want to admire the interlacing of branches or create an openwork crown of a certain shape. Many other options.

There is an opinion that the winding willow must be cut every year on the stump in the spring, then it will not freeze, but will grow as a bush. Perhaps, for many lovers, this is the best option to have an original shrub with twisting branches on its plot.

The willow is winding - a godsend for lovers of garden bonsai. You can “age” a tree and give it the most incredible shape, having only a shears in hand. No garters will be needed, since nature has undertaken this work.

Reproduction. Sinuous willow is perfectly grafted. It is enough to stick its twig (no need to take the thinnest tips) in a shady area of ​​the plot and do not forget to water it. Root better short cuttings. Roots give cuttings not only in the ground, but also in water.

It is believed that willow drives out evil spirits and protects against bad people. Is it so, everyone decides for himself. But about the decorative winding willows, the opinion is unequivocal: they are spectacular and adorn any part.

Willow: a description of the species. Hedge of willow.

Willow (Salix) includes more than 600 species of trees and shrubs of various sizes, shapes and growth rates.

Common features in all species are thin and flexible branches, narrow lanceolate leaves, pointed, deciduous buds of various colors. All willows are light-requiring, when planting, it is worth choosing a penumbra or a sunny place, then they will grow quickly and retain a more saturated crown color. The composition of willow soil is undemanding, but they really need to be moistened. Willow - a moisture-loving plant that grows in nature along water bodies and in moist lowland soils. The same is required in the garden: it does not tolerate drought, in the absence of a water body, regular watering is necessary.

Willow or salix matsudana

This is a large shrub - a very ornamental tree with winding ascending branches, which is valued for its exceptional decorativeness and rapid growth. In height can reach 8 meters, the diameter of the crown varies from 2.5 to 3 meters. In contrast to the usual varieties of willow, this decorative tree has long lanceolate leaves curling in a spiral, which makes it a wonderful decoration of landscape compositions. In winter, pleases the eye with an unusual yellow color of the bark. Suitable for both suburban and urban planting, as it is resistant to environmental pollution, does not require shelter for the winter, even in the Siberian winter, the soil is undemanding.
For planting it is worth choosing places in the penumbra or in the sun, the willow feels great in the waters. It blooms with gray inconspicuous flowers that appear with the first foliage, earrings remain on the tree until the foliage subsides.

Weeping yellow willow or Salix alba ‘Tristis’

A large shrub or tree, reaching up to 15 meters in height, the diameter of the crown ranges from 15 to 20m. This is the most famous species of willow, with long, vertically hanging graceful branches. Flowering begins with blooming leaves in May. Yellow earrings appear on the branches, which eventually become reddish. Good transfer haircut, the formation of the crown. The color of the crown is yellowish, which accounts for the name of this species.

Purple willow Nana or Salix purpurea "Nana"

Differs in a small size of a bush of semi-circular shape, thinner, numerous shoots than the main species, and small leaves of silver-green color. It is a shrub up to 1.5 m in height, with a diameter of up to 1.5 - 2 m. The crown is widely prostrate, semicircular. The shoots are thinner than in the main species, bare, brown with a reddish tinge and a bluish bloom. It blooms in March-April before the foliage blooms or almost at the same time as them. Flowering malodekorativno.
Leaves are smaller than those of the main species, almost opposite, back-lanceolate, narrow, thin acuminate, bluish-gray-gray or silver-green above. Winter hardiness is high. Light-requiring It grows on soils of different fertility. The best development reaches on wet and fertile soils. Tolerates prolonged flooding. Drought resistant. It can grow in very dry conditions. To obtain ornamental plants, planting on illuminated places is recommended; in shaded ones, the crown is drawn out and thin. The root system is highly developed, well strengthens the soil. It tolerates pruning. To maintain the crown in a more decorative condition, pruning is recommended in early spring. Used to decorate and strengthen the coastline of reservoirs, to create trees and shrubs, especially in areas flooded with spring waters. Good for low hedges, as well as for creating various geometric shapes in a small garden.

Goat willow, other names of Bredin and Rakit (from the Latin. Salix caprea) - is a tree or shrub. The name of the plant was due to the love of goats and sheep to feast on the lush foliage of the tree. The natural range of goat willow is wide enough and stretches across the entire territory of the Eurasian continent, with the exception of the alpine belt and tundra. This plant has today become quite widespread in landscape design. Many landscape designers use it in the decoration of personal plots. The plant is unpretentious, can be planted in almost any climatic conditions and it will germinate to the desired size. The most common species that is found in the natural landscape near water. Obscure tree is very fond of goats and sheep. On private plots you can meet the standard form of a rakita, which reaches a height of 3 m. Weeping willow belongs to fast-growing trees, therefore it is ideal for gardening country houses and cottages. Rakita was called weeping for the falling branches, which form a magnificent crown, which kind of cries. Just like Pendula's rakita, weeping willow is frost-resistant. The tree blooms in early spring with pleasantly smelling yellow buds.

Iva Kurai or Ledebour

Shrub up to 2.5-4 m tall, with a beautiful openwork crown of thin and flexible hanging branches, covered with a matte coating and dressed in narrow bluish foliage. Especially good at young (up to 10 years) age. Durable, requires periodic rejuvenation by planting on a stump, after which it grows even more magnificently. Used in group plantings and to create hedges.

Hedge of Willow

A hedge is a decorative live fence that will protect the territory from the street, roads, stray animals, and demarcate the plot from both its neighbors and the zones. You can enclose a fence around the outer perimeter, and you can arrange a small fence inside, for example, to separate the garden from the recreation area.
Willow shrub species - an excellent material for hedges.

Pluses willows in hedge:

- easily takes root,
- tolerates soil depletion,
- quickly restored after trimming,
- easily propagated by cuttings,
- tolerates winter and cold winds,
- because of the peculiarities of the crown, it protects the site well from the wind, even in winter,
- improves the soil in the place of the growth,
- easy care.

- demanding of moisture,

Types of hedge from willow very much. You can simply create a solid fence or make it openwork, planting cuttings on the frame. In any case, planting of seedlings takes place at a distance of 20 cm from each other, seedlings with plant protection plants are planted throughout the whole year, seedlings with an open root - only in early spring. The willow is a patient plant, and takes root in almost 100% of cases, but it should be remembered that even it requires easy labor during the first year after planting: mandatory watering throughout the season, weeding and grass weeding (they can “choke” a young seedling), top dressing with appropriate fertilizers two - three times during the vegetative period. The first haircut is produced the following year, in the spring, and subsequently the hedge is cut twice a year - in the spring and at the end of the summer.

See the price of willow saplings

See also: deciduous shrubs, conifers

Iva Matsudana: landing and care, photo

For most people, only one tree is known, called the willow - it is a weeping willow. But in nature there are many different species of this plant, such as willow Matsudana. Photos of this beauty are now in front of you. Among her relatives, she stands out for her unusual beauty. Such twisted in a spiral, winding branches with silver-olive folded leaves you will not see on any tree. Such decorative beauty is not created by human hands, but by nature itself. The color of the leaves changes with the change of each season, so that the garden in which this miracle of nature “lives” turns into a real fabulous place. If you decide to “plant” a tree such as willow of Matsudana in your plot, planting and caring for this plant will not be very difficult for you. And if you plant not one, but several garden beauties, then you can make the Japanese version, instead of the usual Japanese sakura, the Japanese willow of Matsudana will please you with its abundant and beautiful color.

Iva Matsudana: photos, description

In open ground, Matsudan has the appearance of a tree, whose height is about 8 meters, and the branching crown is about 5 meters in diameter. The crown of the willow is very beautiful, openwork, wide pyramidal shape.

Young shoots of yellowish-olive color have slight pubescence, after a while they become bare and become brown in color. The leaves are lanceolate, can grow up to 10 cm in length. Flowers earrings are small, about two centimeters in length. Flowering begins simultaneously with the appearance of leaves.

Yves Matsudana: reproduction

Matsudana, as well as all its relatives, grows very quickly, in the first years of life, the growth of a tree per year is about 1 meter, then an adult plant adds 50-60 cm per year. So, in order to breed these beautiful plants in your garden plants, a lot of time and effort is required.

Willow Matsudana winding does not form root offspring, so that in this way the plant can not be propagated. Seed propagation is also ineffective. You can apply the separation of the bush, but in the best way grafting has proved itself.

Cuttings form roots very easily and quickly, so the method of cuttings can be said to be quite simple. It is necessary to take lignified cuttings about a finger thick, plant them in spring in nutritious soil and water. Very soon the roots will grow from the cuttings, and you will be able to see the first young shoots. Thin cuttings should not be used for breeding, as they take root much worse.

Although willow Matsudana and unpretentious to the soil, but grows best on light and medium loam. Like all willows, it easily tolerates close bedding of groundwater. When choosing a place for a Japanese beauty, you need to take into account the fact that she loves the sun, so “settle” her in a place where the sun is open. At the same time, the willow does not tolerate places where the wind freely walks, the gusts of the northeast wind are especially destructive for it. It is best to plant Matsudana surrounded by other trees and shrubs, thereby protecting it.

For planting willow, you need to dig a hole 50 cm by 50 cm in size, 40 cm deep. Then prepare the soil mixture, which should consist in equal proportions of soil, compost or rotten manure and peat. Depending on the soil, sand up to 20% and complex mineral fertilizers can be added to the soil. Prepare the mixture half fill a hole dug for planting, mix the soil thoroughly. If you plan to plant several plants to create an alley or a hedge, then prepare a whole trench 50 cm wide, 40 cm deep at once.

If seedlings with a closed root system, they easily take root at any time of the year, they can be planted safely from April to October. Only in this case it is necessary to ensure that the coma and the roots are not dried out. This rule does not apply to all saplings, plants with open roots are recommended to be planted in early spring, before the time when buds are in full bloom, or in the middle of autumn, when leaves begin to crumble. When planting seedlings in October, it is necessary to remove all leaves.

In the first year of planting a young plant needs abundant regular watering. Depending on the size of the willow, it will take from 20 to 50 liters of water once every two weeks. If the air temperature is too high, watering the tree during the dry period is necessary every seven days.

Globular willow: features of cultivation in the open ground

When the willow is stronger, it will be enough moderate irrigation.

A true decoration of the garden is the willow of Matsudana. Plant care is simple, but some rules must be followed. As mentioned earlier, the tree is completely unpretentious, able to endure both frost and drought with a little help from the person. The adult willow has very deep roots, so that during a drought, it itself copes with a lack of moisture, feeding in the depths of the ground. Autumn sometimes it is necessary to remove fallen leaves from the site. In summer or autumn, grafted trees must be freed from wild shoots.

Iva Matsudana is growing so fast, but if she is properly fed, she will start to gladden her hosts with her extraordinary rare beauty much more quickly. Most of all this plant loves when it is “treated” with organic matter. During the spring and summer, two or three times it is recommended to apply complex fertilizers, in the end of August it is necessary to add potassium sulfate and superphosphate.

A very branchy tree is the willow of Matsudan, pruning its lush crown is simply necessary both for the care of the plant and for the creation of a beautiful decorative form. Обрезка является одним из самых интересных этапов ухода за извилистой ивой. Без «стрижки» Матсудана очень загущается, поэтому обязательно нужно делать хотя бы корректирующую обрезку.

Для творческих людей обрезка этого дерева превращается в настоящее создание шедевра. Можно «состарить» иву и создать секатором самую причудливую форму, можно придать пышной кроне штамбовую форму.

Many plant lovers every spring cut the winding willow on the stump, as a result of this cut, the willow does not freeze, but grows with a bush. Such an original bush with beautifully curved branches looks very beautiful on any site.

Young shoots need to be periodically pruned in order to form such a crown, what you want to see in the garden, there are many options for pruning. Garter no Matsudane required, it is the work of nature itself.

The winding willow perfectly tolerates pruning and allows you to "sculpt" from its branches all sorts of forms.

Thanks to the beautiful branches, willow is used by designers in the design of Japanese gardens - this is becoming a classic gardening. Also, willow looks good both in single plantings and when creating complex compositions. In addition to the fact that the beautiful plant serves as a decoration for the landscape, you can use the twisted willow branches for wicker handicrafts from the vine and for flower arrangements.

Preparing for the winter

Yves Matsudana is considered winter-hardy, but young plants and those varieties that do not tolerate frosts too well need shelter for the winter. It is recommended to warm your green pets in October or in the first half of November. If, despite the efforts of the owner, the branched beauty froze through in winter, then you should not get upset too, after a while with proper care and warm weather, the willow will recover and will again delight with its beautiful view.

If it was a rainy year, the owners of winding willow should be prepared for the fact that black and gray spots similar to a dirty patina may appear on the leaves of the tree. Panic, noticing such a nuisance, is not necessary. To return the plant to its former beauty, it is necessary to spray it with copper oxychloride (HOM) or oxyhom.

Beneficial features

Iva Matsudana, besides being very beautiful and exotic, has many useful properties:

  • tea from fresh leaves relieves fatigue
  • white willow bark has astringent, antipyretic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic action,
  • osteochondrosis and gout are treated with a broom in the bath,
  • quinine contained in the plant is a powerful anti-malaria drug
  • a weak solution of bark used in the treatment of weak and brittle hair, it fills them with all the necessary substances,
  • willow is used externally: for rinsing the mouth and throat, for douching, for varicose disease, for skin diseases, for sweating feet,
  • willow - wound healing agent
  • scientists proved that willow is able to absorb heavy metals, thanks to which the plant perfectly cleans contaminated areas,
  • willow is one of the best plants that can trap dust; an adult tree can hold about 38-40 kg of dust in one summer.

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Willow decorative often used in gardening to decorate the plot.

We describe several of the most popular and unusual types of decorative willows.

Decorative willow ‘Hakuro-Nishiki’

Salix integra ‘Hakuro-Nishiki’ is a full-leaf Japanese willow. Most likely, this is not a tree, but a bush, which is a beautiful ornamental plant. The leaves in the early stages of development are pink, white and green. When the pink color disappears, the stems are cut off, and new leaves reappear, which, in turn, restores the pink color. Branches of willow red-brown. As the leaves age, the pink color disappears and the leaves become white-green. Willow blooms in spring. Earrings appear, like all willows, before the leaves unfold.

Japanese willow is grafted onto a stem and form a spherical crown. Yves Hakuro-Nishiki can grow up to 3 m in diameter.

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The authors of the remarkable Sverdlovsk varieties are Veniamin Ivanovich Shaburov and his daughter Irina Belyaeva, who worked in the Botanical Garden of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg). The appearance of Sverdlovsk cultivars is very diverse, because all of them are hybrids of several willow species. The height of adult trees can be from 2 to 18 m, depending on the variety. Crown shapes - for every taste: spherical, pyramidal, weeping, spreading.

Clear vertical shoots weeping willow perfectly in tune with the horizontal surface of the reservoir. This is one of those rare garden contrasts that is naturally perceived by the eye. From weeping willows on high stakes you can create garden arches. Or plant a tree with tapeworm. In this case, it is better to observe it at a distance of at least two heights of the plant, then the crown will be visible in its entirety. A variety with winding shoots appropriate to plant closer to the species points, otherwise this spectacular sign will remain unnoticed. Cultivars of Sverdlovsk willows with yellow and orange bark are very effective in winter: we see not only the contrast of the forms, but also the colors.

Sverdlovsk willow varieties are often confused with other cultivars less stable in our climate. On sale there Iva Matsudana (S. matsudana) 'Tortuosa' with unusual olive green curved shoots and hybrid willow sepulkralis(S. x sepulcralis) 'Erythroflexuosa' with twisting, drooping shoots at the ends and bright yellow-orange bark. Both of these willows freeze slightly, the first is slightly smaller, the second is stronger. They can successfully replace 'Sverdlovsk meandering'. They are much more hardy and grow much larger in size than freeze ones.

In garden centers, weeping variety is popularTristis'positioned as a hybrid white willow. This is a spectacular plant with thin, hanging almost to the ground shoots, covered with bright yellow bark. However, from year to year, purchased seedlings freeze slightly, although white willow is one of the most cold-resistant. What is the matter? The answer is prosaic: it is not she, but a hybrid of the same willow sepulkralis. Most willow varieties of European origin with a weeping crown and bright yellow or orange shoots in harsh winters lose either all or more than half of the surface part. The root system does not usually suffer and from the shoots you can again try to get a weeping tree. However, it is better not to risk and purchase weeping varieties of willows of sverdlovsk breeding.

Pay particular attention to the index in the name of the variety. With absolutely identical name, but different indices of the variety can vary greatly. Do not buy willowsSverdlovsk meandering' or 'Tent'without an index.

The main problems of the majority of Sverdlovsk willows are not related to agricultural technology. They do not have overgrowths, special diseases or pests. The difficulties are aesthetic in nature. Many cultivars are quite large, while growing very quickly. When choosing a variety, pay attention to the height of the adult specimen so that a willow planted near a small body of water does not cover it completely over several years.

Another disadvantage is the low decorativeness of willows in autumn. The foliage is not the same, and the graphics of the branches and their color have not yet appeared. This problem can be solved by making compensating compositions. They include not only spectacular autumn trees or shrubs, but also grassy perennials for the tree trunk circle.

How to trim a decorative willow

Goat willow tolerates pruning, so shoots can be cut without fear. Repeated pruning throughout the year (but no later than July) is required for the varieties Hakuro Nishiki and Tricolor. Re-pruning stimulates the growth of new branches, where pink leaves and beautiful leafy shoots appear. Other willows are simply pruned once a year, in spring, after flowering, “earrings”, but before the leaves bloom. Cut the branches very short, leaving only a few buds at the base of the stem. Due to this, new stems grow strong and bloom in the spring of next year. Trimming is done so that 3-5 mm remains above the kidney. Smear pruning places with garden pitch.

Willows are very decorative, and in every garden there is a place for some species that will adorn a pond, alley or lawn.

Willows in garden design

Willows are trees from my childhood. Above the bank of the Volga, where I ran to swim, huge sprawling weeping willows towered. These amazing trees were so picturesque that they seemed to me fantastic magical creatures. The childhood passed, but the touching feeling to the willows remained.

The old cottage of six acres passed to me with my husband from my parents. The desire to create a beautiful garden was gradually brought to life. Lawn, flower beds, ornamental and coniferous plants have transformed the cottage beyond recognition. Old diseased fruit trees were replaced by young ones, some were healed and left to live out their age. And I dreamed all about a willow in the garden, although I understood that the modest size of the 6 hectare site does not allow sheltering a huge, sprawling tree. And yet dreams come true! One day, my husband and I in a garden center came across a small willow on a trunk. "Willow purple (Salix purpurea) Pendula" - was listed on the label. Here it is - a miniature copy of the one from a childhood! A scattering of open weeping shoots of purple color with narrow bluish leaves on a trunk, only one and a half meters high. Gentle, graceful willow - a miracle, how good! There was no doubt: this is exactly what we need, we decided together, and from that very moment a new page was opened in the history of our summer house called “Willows in the garden”.

The place for the new inhabitant chose an open, sunny. All that was missing was the watery surface, over which long flexible branches would bow. This problem was easily solved. A special shape for the reservoir, filled with water and lined with limestone at the edges, turned into a small lake. Daylilies and badans planted along the “shores” and a small fountain completed the picture. And all this is for her - for our willow. She began to grow, the strength to gain and get good day by day. Before the onset of cold weather, a trunk and an inoculation were tied around for protection against frost and rodents.

The disadvantage of growing willow in the standard form is the discrepancy between the thin trunk and the spreading crown, with a strong wind causing the effect of “sail”. Under the weight of the branches, a thin trunk can bend and even break. To form a strong trunk, the trunk must be tied up, preferably to three supports.

She survived the winter well, and in the spring there was a question about pruning willow. But to think about it was scary. How can you doom a tree to suffering, while losing such beauty? We decided - we will not cut, leave it in its original form. Regretted their decision, but it was later. Already by the middle of summer, willow branches began to grow rapidly, to travel along the ground, conquering more and more space. Our patience came to an end - the shoots were cut by half. A month later, regrown young branches lay on the ground again. Our favorite has become like rattling. The next spring, we cut out all the shoots to the first external bud, growing upwards. The spectacle was terrible - from the willow left one skeleton with a protruding crown. We already thought that we had destroyed the tree, but literally in a few days the willow began to produce sprouts. In early June, she stood with a thick mop of young twigs, looked healthy and, apparently, did not hold any resentment towards us. Since then, we have been obligating willow "hairdressing" services twice a season. For more than ten years, she combed and groomed, admires her reflection in the pond, and we admire her grace and openwork interweaving of silver-green branches.

Haircut and watering

In addition to pruning, caring for our willows is to remove wild shoots that form on the trunk under the site of inoculation, thinning dry and thickening shoots, abundant regular watering and mulching pristvolnyh circles. Fertilizers are applied only for plants that grow under willows; we do not specifically feed them. Our land is good - black soil, and the mulch from the compost feeds and protects the soil from drying out. With this care, they grow beautifully, bloom and delight us.

A little later, new representatives of the willow brethren appeared in the garden. First, two twins were bought - goat willows on a shtambe, about 2 m high. In the earliest spring, when all the plants are still sleeping under a snow cover, they begin to bloom. Unusually large white velvet lumps gradually turn into fluffy yellow earrings. Amazingly beautiful sight! Their crown with a tent of weeping shoots is thicker and more compact than that of purple willow. Given the previous mistakes, in spring these willows undergo obligatory cutting, but only at a later date. If the purple is cut before flowering, then we give the goat willows the opportunity to blossom to fully enjoy their charming spring outfit.

Purple willow, author photo

Together with goat willows, the whole-leaf willow Hakuro-Nishiki settled here. First of all, it is remarkable for its white and pink young leaves, which later change color to white and green. Elegant, light, very gentle, like Japanese sakura. The natural form of a small tree, up to 2 m high, was not chosen by chance. Firstly, this form of willow on a shtamb is less hardy than the original look, and secondly, the “Japanese” fit perfectly into the corner of the garden in a natural style next to another small man-made reservoir. It grows in our garden for 7 years, it does not freeze, we don’t harbor anything for the winter, although in the conditions of the Middle Volga, winters are quite harsh. Perhaps, the frost resistance is affected by the forest bordering our summer cottage, protecting the garden from cold winds. From cuttings of Hakuro-Nishiki, who have a very good survival rate, they grew a small tree in a standard form and a bush half a meter high, which is trimmed with a ball.

While they are teenagers and pass the test of time.

Willows are trees from my childhood. Above the bank of the Volga, where I ran to swim, huge sprawling weeping willows towered. These amazing trees were so picturesque that they seemed to me fantastic magical creatures. The childhood passed, but the touching feeling to the willows remained.

The old cottage of six acres passed to me with my husband from my parents. The desire to create a beautiful garden was gradually brought to life. Lawn, flower beds, ornamental and coniferous plants have transformed the cottage beyond recognition. Old diseased fruit trees were replaced by young ones, some were healed and left to live out their age. And I dreamed all about a willow in the garden, although I understood that the modest size of the 6 hectare site does not allow sheltering a huge, sprawling tree. And yet dreams come true! One day, my husband and I in a garden center came across a small willow on a trunk. "Willow purple (Salix purpurea) Pendula" - was listed on the label. Here it is - a miniature copy of the one from a childhood! A scattering of open weeping shoots of purple color with narrow bluish leaves on a trunk, only one and a half meters high. Gentle, graceful willow - a miracle, how good! There was no doubt: this is exactly what we need, we decided together, and from that very moment a new page was opened in the history of our summer house called “Willows in the garden”.

The place for the new inhabitant chose an open, sunny. All that was missing was the watery surface, over which long flexible branches would bow. This problem was easily solved. A special shape for the reservoir, filled with water and lined with limestone at the edges, turned into a small lake. Daylilies and badans planted along the “shores” and a small fountain completed the picture. And all this is for her - for our willow. She began to grow, the strength to gain and get good day by day. Before the onset of cold weather, a trunk and an inoculation were tied around for protection against frost and rodents.

The disadvantage of growing willow in the standard form is the discrepancy between the thin trunk and the spreading crown, with a strong wind causing the effect of “sail”. Under the weight of the branches, a thin trunk can bend and even break. To form a strong trunk, the trunk must be tied up, preferably to three supports.

She survived the winter well, and in the spring there was a question about pruning willow. But to think about it was scary. How can you doom a tree to suffering, while losing such beauty? We decided - we will not cut, leave it in its original form. Regretted their decision, but it was later. Already by the middle of summer, willow branches began to grow rapidly, to travel along the ground, conquering more and more space. Our patience came to an end - the shoots were cut by half. A month later, regrown young branches lay on the ground again. Our favorite has become like rattling. The next spring, we cut out all the shoots to the first external bud, growing upwards. The spectacle was terrible - from the willow left one skeleton with a protruding crown. We already thought that we had destroyed the tree, but literally in a few days the willow began to produce sprouts. In early June, she stood with a thick mop of young twigs, looked healthy and, apparently, did not hold any resentment towards us.

Since then, we have been obligating willow "hairdressing" services twice a season. For more than ten years, she combed and groomed, admires her reflection in the pond, and we admire her grace and openwork interweaving of silver-green branches.

Haircut and watering

In addition to pruning, caring for our willows is to remove wild shoots that form on the trunk under the site of inoculation, thinning dry and thickening shoots, copiously watering and mulching pristvolny circles. Fertilizers are applied only for plants that grow under willows; we do not specifically feed them.

Земля у нас хорошая – чернозем, а мульча из компоста питает и защищает почву от пересыхания. При таком уходе они прекрасно растут, цветут и радуют нас.

Чуть позже в саду появились новые представители ивовой братии. Сначала были куплены две близняшки – ивы козьи на штамбе, высотой около 2 м. Самой ранней весной, когда все растения еще спят под снежным покрывалом, они начинают цвести. Unusually large white velvet lumps gradually turn into fluffy yellow earrings. Amazingly beautiful sight! Their crown with a tent of weeping shoots is thicker and more compact than that of purple willow. Given the previous mistakes, in spring these willows undergo obligatory cutting, but only at a later date. If the purple is cut before flowering, then we give the goat willows the opportunity to blossom to fully enjoy their charming spring outfit.

Purple willow, author photo

Together with goat willows, the whole-leaf willow Hakuro-Nishiki settled here. First of all, it is remarkable for its white and pink young leaves, which later change color to white and green. Elegant, light, very gentle, like Japanese sakura. The natural form of a small tree, up to 2 m high, was not chosen by chance. Firstly, this form of willow on a shtamb is less hardy than the original look, and secondly, the “Japanese” fit perfectly into the corner of the garden in a natural style next to another small man-made reservoir. It grows in our garden for 7 years, it does not freeze, we don’t harbor anything for the winter, although in the conditions of the Middle Volga, winters are quite harsh. Perhaps, the frost resistance is affected by the forest bordering our summer cottage, protecting the garden from cold winds. From cuttings of Hakuro-Nishiki, who have a very good survival rate, they grew a small tree in a standard form and a bush half a meter high, which is trimmed with a ball.

While they are teenagers and pass the test of time.

Willow winding planting and care

Daylilies and badans planted along the “shores” and a small fountain completed the picture. And all this is for her - for our willow. She began to grow, the strength to gain and get good day by day. Before the onset of cold weather, a trunk and an inoculation were tied around for protection against frost and rodents.

The disadvantage of growing willow in the standard form is the discrepancy between the thin trunk and the spreading crown, with a strong wind causing the effect of “sail”. Under the weight of the branches, a thin trunk can bend and even break. To form a strong trunk, the trunk must be tied up, preferably to three supports.

She survived the winter well, and in the spring there was a question about pruning willow. But to think about it was scary. How can you doom a tree to suffering, while losing such beauty? We decided - we will not cut, leave it in its original form. Regretted their decision, but it was later. Already by the middle of summer, willow branches began to grow rapidly, to travel along the ground, conquering more and more space. Our patience came to an end - the shoots were cut by half. A month later, regrown young branches lay on the ground again. Our favorite has become like rattling. The next spring, we cut out all the shoots to the first external bud, growing upwards. The spectacle was terrible - from the willow left one skeleton with a protruding crown. We already thought that we had destroyed the tree, but literally in a few days the willow began to produce sprouts. In early June, she stood with a thick mop of young twigs, looked healthy and, apparently, did not hold any resentment towards us. Since then, we have been obligating willow "hairdressing" services twice a season. For more than ten years, she combed and groomed, admires her reflection in the pond, and we admire her grace and openwork interweaving of silver-green branches.

Haircut and watering

In addition to pruning, caring for our willows is to remove wild shoots that form on the trunk under the site of inoculation, thinning dry and thickening shoots, abundant regular watering and mulching pristvolnyh circles. Fertilizers are applied only for plants that grow under willows; we do not specifically feed them. Our land is good - black soil, and the mulch from the compost feeds and protects the soil from drying out. With this care, they grow beautifully, bloom and delight us.

A little later, new representatives of the willow brethren appeared in the garden. First, two twins were bought - goat willows on a shtambe, about 2 m high. In the earliest spring, when all the plants are still sleeping under a snow cover, they begin to bloom. Unusually large white velvet lumps gradually turn into fluffy yellow earrings. Amazingly beautiful sight! Their crown with a tent of weeping shoots is thicker and more compact than that of purple willow. Given the previous mistakes, in spring these willows undergo obligatory cutting, but only at a later date. If the purple is cut before flowering, then we give the goat willows the opportunity to blossom to fully enjoy their charming spring outfit.

Purple willow, author photo

Together with goat willows, the whole-leaf willow Hakuro-Nishiki settled here. First of all, it is remarkable for its white and pink young leaves, which later change color to white and green. Elegant, light, very gentle, like Japanese sakura. The natural form of a small tree, up to 2 m high, was not chosen by chance. Firstly, this form of willow on a shtamb is less hardy than the original look, and secondly, the “Japanese” fit perfectly into the corner of the garden in a natural style next to another small man-made reservoir. It grows in our garden for 7 years, it does not freeze, we don’t harbor anything for the winter, although in the conditions of the Middle Volga, winters are quite harsh. Perhaps, the frost resistance is affected by the forest bordering our summer cottage, protecting the garden from cold winds. From cuttings of Hakuro-Nishiki, who have a very good survival rate, they grew a small tree in a standard form and a bush half a meter high, which is trimmed with a ball. While they are teenagers and pass the test of time.

Willows are trees from my childhood. Above the bank of the Volga, where I ran to swim, huge sprawling weeping willows towered. These amazing trees were so picturesque that they seemed to me fantastic magical creatures. The childhood passed, but the touching feeling to the willows remained.

The old cottage of six acres passed to me with my husband from my parents. The desire to create a beautiful garden was gradually brought to life. Lawn, flower beds, ornamental and coniferous plants have transformed the cottage beyond recognition. Old diseased fruit trees were replaced by young ones, some were healed and left to live out their age. And I dreamed all about a willow in the garden, although I understood that the modest size of the 6 hectare site does not allow sheltering a huge, sprawling tree. And yet dreams come true! One day, my husband and I in a garden center came across a small willow on a trunk. "Willow purple (Salix purpurea) Pendula" - was listed on the label. Here it is - a miniature copy of the one from a childhood! A scattering of open weeping shoots of purple color with narrow bluish leaves on a trunk, only one and a half meters high. Gentle, graceful willow - a miracle, how good! There was no doubt: this is exactly what we need, we decided together, and from that very moment a new page was opened in the history of our summer house called “Willows in the garden”.

The place for the new inhabitant chose an open, sunny. All that was missing was the watery surface, over which long flexible branches would bow. This problem was easily solved. A special shape for the reservoir, filled with water and lined with limestone at the edges, turned into a small lake. Daylilies and badans planted along the “shores” and a small fountain completed the picture. And all this is for her - for our willow. She began to grow, the strength to gain and get good day by day. Before the onset of cold weather, a trunk and an inoculation were tied around for protection against frost and rodents.

The disadvantage of growing willow in the standard form is the discrepancy between the thin trunk and the spreading crown, with a strong wind causing the effect of “sail”. Under the weight of the branches, a thin trunk can bend and even break. To form a strong trunk, the trunk must be tied up, preferably to three supports.

She survived the winter well, and in the spring there was a question about pruning willow. But to think about it was scary. How can you doom a tree to suffering, while losing such beauty? We decided - we will not cut, leave it in its original form. Regretted their decision, but it was later. Already by the middle of summer, willow branches began to grow rapidly, to travel along the ground, conquering more and more space. Our patience came to an end - the shoots were cut by half. A month later, regrown young branches lay on the ground again. Our favorite has become like rattling. The next spring, we cut out all the shoots to the first external bud, growing upwards. The spectacle was terrible - from the willow left one skeleton with a protruding crown. We already thought that we had destroyed the tree, but literally in a few days the willow began to produce sprouts. In early June, she stood with a thick mop of young twigs, looked healthy and, apparently, did not hold any resentment towards us. Since then, we have been obligating willow "hairdressing" services twice a season. For more than ten years, she combed and groomed, admires her reflection in the pond, and we admire her grace and openwork interweaving of silver-green branches.

Haircut and watering

In addition to pruning, caring for our willows is to remove wild shoots that form on the trunk under the site of inoculation, thinning dry and thickening shoots, abundant regular watering and mulching pristvolnyh circles. Fertilizers are applied only for plants that grow under willows; we do not specifically feed them. Our land is good - black soil, and the mulch from the compost feeds and protects the soil from drying out. With this care, they grow beautifully, bloom and delight us.

A little later, new representatives of the willow brethren appeared in the garden. First, two twins were bought - goat willows on a shtambe, about 2 m high. In the earliest spring, when all the plants are still sleeping under a snow cover, they begin to bloom. Unusually large white velvet lumps gradually turn into fluffy yellow earrings. Amazingly beautiful sight! Their crown with a tent of weeping shoots is thicker and more compact than that of purple willow. Given the previous mistakes, in spring these willows undergo obligatory cutting, but only at a later date. If the purple is cut before flowering, then we give the goat willows the opportunity to blossom to fully enjoy their charming spring outfit.

Purple willow, author photo

Together with goat willows, the whole-leaf willow Hakuro-Nishiki settled here. First of all, it is remarkable for its white and pink young leaves, which later change color to white and green.

Elegant, light, very gentle, like Japanese sakura. The natural form of a small tree, up to 2 m high, was not chosen by chance. Firstly, this form of willow on a shtamb is less hardy than the original look, and secondly, the “Japanese” fit perfectly into the corner of the garden in a natural style next to another small man-made reservoir. It grows in our garden for 7 years, it does not freeze, we don’t harbor anything for the winter, although in the conditions of the Middle Volga, winters are quite harsh. Perhaps, the frost resistance is affected by the forest bordering our summer cottage, protecting the garden from cold winds. From cuttings of Hakuro-Nishiki, who have a very good survival rate, they grew a small tree in a standard form and a bush half a meter high, which is trimmed with a ball. While they are teenagers and pass the test of time.

Types of willow winding

The most popular among landscape designers is the willow of Matsudan (it is most often sold in gardening centers and common in many countries) and one of its forms is Tortuosa. Sometimes in the shops you can see the view of Erythroflexuosa, but for the winter it is necessary to shelter. Best of all adapted to the conditions of central Russia willow Sverdlovskaya, with olive or dark red bark. Variations of this species: dwarf tree, whose crown is weeping or pyramidal.

Iva Matsudana

The willow became attractive for Russian landscapers due to the work of the breeder V. I. Shaburov, who developed many hybrids ideally suited to the middle zone. They were named Sverdlovsk or Ural. Varieties of Sverdlovsk willow are cold resistant, many of them are time tested and have been growing in our latitudes for 50 years now. They are resistant to diseases and pests, viable and tolerate frost well. In addition, it is difficult to remain indifferent and not fall in love with a sinuous willow for its unusualness and high decorative properties.

Willow Tortuosa

Popular varieties of Sverdlovsk breeding:

  • Sverdlovsk meandering 1 - frost-resistant variety, reaches a height of 4 meters, the crown is moderately weeping, brown shoots. It has a decorative appearance, high endurance, and care for it is not difficult. Well propagated by cuttings.
  • Sverdlovsk meandering 2 - a spreading tree that grows up to 12 meters, pyramidal crown, twisted branches. The bark is different shades: from olive to red-brown. Foliage with pubescence. Easy to graft, shoots root quickly, usually without loss.
  • Sverdlovsk meandering 3 - tree, up to 5 meters high with a pyramidal crown, and light olive branches with a wax coating. The leaves are curved. Well propagated by grafting, you can root shoots in the water. But this variety quite often dries the tops.
  • Sverdlovsk meandering 476 - a low winter-hardy variety, growing up to 3 meters with an oval crown and olive bark.
  • Sverdlovsk meandering 676 - a low tree up to 2.5 meters high, hardy, weeping crown.

Cultivation and care in the open field

The advantages of this tree include not only a decorative look, but also endurance, ease of reproduction and easy care. Having decided to plant a willow on the plot, especially the view of Matsudan, you need to choose the plot correctly: it must be protected from the winds, especially from the north, and cultivation near the fence is permissible. It is better to surround it with other tall plants. Planting a winding willow was originally used in landscape design to strengthen the banks of rivers and lakes, so you can plant it on flooded areas.

Tip: in order for the willow not to form a one-sided crown, there should be plenty of free space around it.

Cultivation of Matsudana is possible on almost any type of soil, but it prefers loamy. The willow can be planted in a place where the groundwater lies quite shallow, because it prefers moist places. Willow will feel good on the shore of an artificial reservoir. It is better that the site was well lit by the sun. The pit for planting is about half a meter in diameter and slightly shallower. At the bottom it is better to put a nutrient mixture of sand, mineral fertilizer and rotted manure or compost.

The willow in a container can be planted from spring to autumn, it takes root well, if you do not overdry the earthen room. Planting a plant with an open root system is best in early spring or in the middle of autumn, when there are no leaves or they have already begun to crumble. Before planting in October, all foliage should be removed. Leaving for the first year consists of regular watering - about 25 liters of water per week will be required. When the willow takes root, it will be enough to moderate moisture. Top dressing is made by organic fertilizers about three times for the whole season. You can make mineral fertilizers, including superphosphate.

This tree is frost-resistant, but in particularly harsh winters it can freeze slightly, because some gardeners prefer to warm it additionally. View Matsudana Tortuoz can freeze during a sharp decrease in temperature in May. The Sverdlovsk willow, which is sometimes sold under the guise of Matsudana, is most resistant to cold snaps.

Tip: there is a danger of stinging, so it is not necessary to cover the willow too densely with dense material during the wintering season.

Pruning and breeding

In the care of a willow winding includes annual pruning and the formation of the crown, as it thickens very quickly. It looks very impressive willow shtambe. Some gardeners believe that this tree should be cut every spring under a tree stump to avoid freezing and achieve a bush form. For those who enjoy bonsai cultivation, a curvy willow is a real gift. It can be flexed and even aged artificially.

In the reproduction of this plant is nothing complicated - usually rooted cuttings 100% just in a jar of water. The tree grows very quickly and the growth will still have to be removed - there will not be a shortage in the planting material. You can stick the branches in the muddy ground: so they are also able to settle down, and care for them is practically not required.

Willow loves moisture, so you need to ensure that the soil does not dry out. It is better to take for cuttings not too long shoots. Grown from cuttings of plants the first two years of life grow slowly, but from the third - the speed of their growth doubles in 2 times. From such young trees it turns out a good hedge.

Diseases and pests rarely affect this plant. After a wet summer, it can get a fungal infection, with the result that black dots appear on the leaves. For treatment, the wood must be treated with copper-containing preparations. Of insects, the tree suffers most from butterflies, beetles or aphids.

The willow is sinuous - not just decorative, but also useful:

  • Из её листьев можно готовить полезный чай, который обладает тонизирующими свойствами.
  • Отвар из коры используется как жаропонижающее и противовоспалительное средство.
  • Слабым раствором коры лечат ломкие волосы.
  • При посадке у дороги, это дерево способно задержать около 40 кг пыли за одно лето.
  • Ива способна поглощать тяжёлые металлы, очищая пространство вокруг себя.

Вывод: ива извилистая — растение с высокой декоративностью, необычное по форме и привлекающее внимание каждого садовода. Caring for him is very simple, in the first year you need abundant watering, but then it can be reduced. Feed the tree three times per season with organic matter or mineral fertilizers.

The most common types of willow winding: Matsudana and hybrids of Sverdlovsk breeding. The latter are frost-resistant, hardy, and therefore better suited for central Russia. Reproduction of this plant also does not cause problems - cuttings are easily rooted in water or moist soil.

Willows Shaburov: Review by Alexander Marchenko

Biologist, naturalist, creator and owner of a plant nursery for reservoirs Alexander MARCHENKO makes a review of willow hybrids bred by the famous breeder scientist Veniamin Ivanovich Shaburov. Evaluation criterion - resilience and decorativeness

The main number of hybrids was obtained in 1960 as a result of 170 hybrid combinations. Selection work during this period was limited mainly tree willows and was carried out in the direction of deducing for the conditions of the Ural weeping and silver forms. From more than 1000 seedlings grown, about 40 hybrids were selected that are promising for gardening. Besides pure decorative willows carried out the selection of highly productive twig willows, and willow resistant to environmental pollutions and willow with high tannid content. Among these hybrids, willows were also selected, besides having good economic qualities, decorative attractiveness. The most worthy samples were assigned names and carried out their division into groups:

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