Flower asparagus refers to the order of asparagaceous. It grows in Asia, Africa and Europe. Science knows 300 species of asparagus. These are herbs, shrubs, perennials and even climbing vines. Plants can be both male and female reproductive organs. Asparagus flower similar to the lily, but its root is not an onion. The peculiarity is that the pruned shoots stop growing, and new stems begin to grow from the rhizomes. This should be considered when caring at home.
- Asparagus vulgaris or asparagus officinalis is a perennial herb whose stems reach 1.5 m in length. Scale leaves. On the bush can be both male and female flowers of pale yellow color. It is undemanding in leaving.
- Asparagus Meier is a shrub with pubescent shoots that reach half a meter in height. Needles on the stems sit very tight. Asparagus Meier is used to make bouquets of live and cut flowers.
- Asparagus feathery (stubby) - a small bush with branched shoots without down. It has leaves in the form of small triangular scales. Stems bright green, grow a few pieces. White flowers grow alone or in 2-4 pieces. The ripened fruits of dark blue color have three seeds. In domestic conditions, asparagus is not pinnate, but it is valued not for flowers, but for beautiful foliage. To care for the plant is easy. The homeland of asparagus cirrus is the subtropical south and east of Africa.
- Crescent Asparagus is a species that has the longest shoots that reach a height of 15 m. In captivity, the vine will reach a maximum of 4 meters in length. Stems of asparagus sickle have a curved shape, due to which he got his name. Inflorescences plants sparse, white, exude a pleasant aroma. This type is easy to maintain.
Asparagus: home care
- Temperature. Home flower likes a temperature of about 25 degrees. If in winter the temperature in the room drops to 15 ° C, the plant will start dropping the leaves. Dried stems will have to cut.
- Lighting. Ideal conditions for asparagus on windows facing west or east. It is here that the lighting is bright, but without aggressive rays. If the room faces south, the flower is placed away from the window. In the summer, the plant is taken out onto the street, but it is monitored to ensure that it does not stand in a draft and does not fall on it.
- Spraying water. At home, the procedure is carried out in hot weather. Ideally, this should be done in the early morning or after sunset. For better effect, a flower pot can be put on a pan with water, while the need for spraying is preserved.
- Watering. Home asparagus water often. It is worth doing as soon as the earth dries. Of course, you should not bring the ground to full drying, but you should not pour it either. The best option - the bottom watering through the pan. After waiting for 30 minutes until the required amount of moisture is absorbed, the excess water from the tank is poured.
- Crop. Home flower is cut in the spring during its transplantation. At this stage, care is pruning old shoots without leaves. This procedure contributes to more intensive growth of young twigs.
- Top dressing. The flower needs regular feeding throughout the year. In the warm season, fertilizers are applied once a week, from autumn to the end of winter this process is slowed down. For this purpose, suitable mineral fertilizers for domestic plants or low-concentration organic fertilizers. It is advisable to alternate between them.
Asparagus Flower Transplant
Why replant this plant? The fact is that he quickly grows the root system. During the first five years of life, asparagus is transplanted annually, and then once every two or three years. Each subsequent time, a slightly larger pot is selected. The roots are slightly trimmed, and a layer of expanded clay is placed on the bottom of the tank - it prevents water stagnation. To prepare the substrate take one portion of sand, humus, sheet and sod land. The transplanted flower is abundantly watered, and a week later - make feeding.
If artificially pollinated asparagus, it will give fruit. Seeds ripen in January-March. After collecting, they are immediately sown in a substrate consisting of an equal proportion of peat and sand. When sowing, the soil should be wet. Capacity covered with glass or polyethylene and put on a well-lit place. When condensation occurs, cover is removed and sprayed on the soil.
It is important that the air temperature was 22 ° C. About a month should appear first sprouts. When they reach a height of 10 cm, they dive. In the first days of summer, plants are planted in individual containers. For them they prepare a substrate of equal parts of peat, humus, sand, turf and leafy soil. After this care is similar, as for adult plants.
Breeding material is cut in March. Shoots 8-10 cm long are suitable for this purpose. Rooted branches in the sand. Pot with cuttings put on a well-lit place with an air temperature of 20-22 ° C. To maintain a high humidity, the container is covered with glass, not forgetting to air it from time to time. After a month and a half, the shoots will take root. As soon as the young growth becomes stronger, it is transplanted into pots with a usual substrate and provide the same care as for developed plants.
Cirrus or other species Asparagus is divided into several parts during transplantation, depending on the size of the root. Each part is planted in a separate pot, slightly cutting the roots.
Diseases and parasites
- A spider mite is a pest that drinks the sap of a plant. It is important to notice it in the early stages and remove it mechanically. Insecticides are used as a last resort. The fact is that homemade asparagus reacts extremely badly to chemistry. The affected plant can be washed with a solution of soap in water.
- A shield is a pest that leaves a sweetish discharge on the plant. Sometimes on the windows near the affected plant you can see a sticky liquid. The infected plant is separated from the healthy, and the place where the pot stood was treated with insecticide. The chemical is applied to a cotton swab, which is carefully removed parasites from the plant. To completely remove insects, the flower is washed with soapy water with a brush.
- Mealybugs - a small insect that sticks to the leaves and stalks. It affects Asparagus Meier and other species. Infected flowers show nests and waxy bunches of filaments. Having exhausted the plant, the worms can lead him to death. Disease prevention - removal of yellowed leaves, washing the plant with warm running water.
- Spots on the leaves - appear under the influence of direct sunlight. In fact, it burns - if nothing is done, the leaves will turn yellow and fall off completely.
- Leaf fall - if it is not a burn, then very dry air in the room. It may also indicate a lack of sunlight.
- Growth termination is a normal process after pruning. After a certain time, new shoots will appear from the root, and the cut ones will no longer grow - this is the peculiarity of the flower.
Is asparagus poisonous?
The danger to humans and animals are only the fruits of the plant. If the house is artificially pollinate flowers, fruits will appear in the form of red balls. Carefully ensure that they are not swallowed by children or pets - for this it is better to keep the plant out of the reach of them.
Does asparagus bloom at home?
Yes, the plant blooms indoors, but very rarely. At home, asparagus flowers are much smaller than in the wild. Flowers have white color, they are collected in inflorescences on the tops of the shoots. If desired, flowers can be artificially pollinated. To do this, transfer the pollen from one flower to another using a stick for the ears.. If all conditions are met, in the near future, bright red berries will appear on the stems.
Asparagus is a godsend for phytodesigners. The plant does not require complex care, it does not need specific conditions. The flower is used for landscaping offices and apartments, decorating winter gardens. It looks perfect in horizontal, so and vertical compositions. Species with climbing stems are suitable for hanging pots and baskets. The branching and growth of asparagus is easy to control by pruning the stems, so you should not worry that this plant will take a lot of space in the room.
Types and varieties
Asparagus Meier bushy plant with stems covered with a bush. Reaches half a meter high. Densely covered with thin green foliage, similar to needles.
Crescent Asparagus in the wild, the stems of this plant can grow up to 15 m - this is the maximum size among this genus, and be up to a centimeter thick. In culture, this species reaches 4 meters. White flowers form small rare inflorescences that have a pleasant smell.
Asparagus asparagus the species can be grown as an ampelous one, or placed on a support. It has light green smooth stems. When grown in a room does not bloom.
Asparagus Sprenger or Ethiopian grown as a herbaceous perennial plant. It has tender long shoots that grow up to a meter long. Foliage is small, like scales. It has phylloclades growing to three centimeters. White flowers smell good.
Asparagus Cirrus or bristly bushy species, abundantly covered with thin sheets-scales. Phylloclades are short, light, curvy. Usually we grow a dwarf variety of this plant.
Asparagus home care
Care for asparagus has its own nuances. He needs bright lighting, but it’s impossible for direct rays to fall on a plant for a long time, this is allowed only in the morning or in the evening when the heat subsides.
With warming in May, you need to start hardening the flower in order to carry it out on the balcony or terrace for the summer. When placing the plant, make sure that it is not blown by the wind.
Asparagus loves heat, but it is impossible that the air temperature rises too high, namely above 26 ° C. In winter, the temperature should be lowered below 15 ° C, otherwise the plant will begin to dry out and discard the foliage.
During the growth of green mass, asparagus should be watered well, as soon as the top layer of soil dries.
In the autumn-winter period, the amount of moisture is reduced by conducting watering a few days after the soil dries, but it should not be allowed to dry out completely.
This plant will not be harmed by spraying, especially in the heat. Usually they are carried out in the morning or in the evening.
When grown in a room, asparagus almost never blooms. If this happens, you will get small white blossoms that can be pollinated. But we remind you that the fruits of asparagus are poisonous, so we do not recommend you do this.
The plant must be regularly fertilized. From spring to the end of the summer, fertilizing is done every seven days, in the fall - every 15, and in the winter - every month. At the same time use complex mineral fertilizers for indoor plants.
Asparagus at home
Before reaching the age of five, the plant must be replanted annually. After this transplantation can be done less often - once a couple of years.
Pot for transplanting need to take a little more than the past. First, lay out the drainage layer, and then place the soil, made of two lobes of leaf soil, two humus and one lobe of sand. The first couple of weeks, the flower can only be watered, but after this period, you can begin feeding.
Seed Asparagus at Home
If your plant has given berries, and you want to use them as planting material, then you need to sow them immediately after picking (usually this happens in the middle of winter). Seeds are placed in a peat-sand mixture, moisturize it and cover with glass.
Every day, the planted need to be a little moisturize and ventilate. It is best to grow the plant at a temperature of about 21 ° C. After a month shoots shoots. When they grow to ten centimeters, they will need to dive.
In early summer, young plants can be planted in separate containers with soil the same as for adults.
Asparagus reproduction by cuttings
With the arrival of spring, asparagus can be propagated by cuttings. The material is cut to about 10 cm long and planted for rooting in the sand. Place the cuttings in a well-lit place at a temperature of 22 ° C and cover with a film.
In the future, they will need to be aired daily and watered a little. After about 40 days, rooting will end, and the plants can be deposited in separate containers.
Diseases and pests
Improper care with asparagus can cause a number of problems.
- When placed in direct sunlight, the leaves and stems of asparagus begin to turn yellow and fall off. Also, this can occur when the air is dry, the pot is filled with roots, or when there is an excess of moisture, which leads to rotting of the roots. Also, the leaves may fall off if the flower lacks lighting.
- If your asparagus is not growing, then you may have overdone it when pruning. Remember that trimmed shoots will not grow anymore.
- The lack of flowering is not a cause for concern: as already mentioned, asparagus blooms very rarely under indoor conditions.
- If the shoots of the plants become thin and drawn out, then most likely it lacks light.
- Of the pests to asparagus most often adheres spider mite. Typically, insecticides are used to combat it, but asparagus does not tolerate them, so try to get rid of the parasite before it multiplies.
What is asparagus?
A photo of a plant may be of interest to any experienced grower, however, one can understand the true reasons for its popularity by familiarizing with its features.
Being a classic perennial, this plant can grow in the form of rhizomatous vine, grass or shrub, forming small flowers, presented in the form of single or gathered in inflorescences.
The habitats of asparagus are tropical areas of southern and eastern Africa, as well as South America and Asia. In most varieties of asparagus, habitual green leaves cannot be seen. They are replaced by flat needle-shaped branches, which are assigned the functions of the leaves. At the time of the end of flowering, berries begin to form with a red tint.
Asparagus is one of the brightest representatives of the asparagus family, but many often take it for a fern, which is not surprising given its appearance. In the genus of this plant is represented about 300 specieswhich differ in appearance. At the same time, among them there are very few species of asparagus that can be grown indoors.
Asparagus was able to become popular due to its unpretentious care, so today it is represented on almost every continent.
In the genus asparagus there are also species that form edible fruits. In the first place to those should include asparagus. At the same time, there are species that are of interest as ornamental plants. Therefore, they are used to decorate the interior or serve as an element for creating flower arrangements. However, asparagus looks most impressive when it is grown at home in a hanging basket or flowerpot.
This plant provides many different varietiesthat make them unique.
- Asparagus asparagus or Asparagus asparagoides. This variety is a shrub with climbing stems, having a light green color, during the growing season flexible thin shoots are formed. The plant is quite tall, can grow to 1.7 meters. Therefore, it can only be grown with support. The stems have a leaf-shaped, oval shape, with a gloss effect, the characteristic color is bright green. The flowers are small, have white color. After flowering, an orange-red shade forms,
- Asparagus feathery (Asparagus plumosus). This variety grows in the form of a highly branching shrub, forms bare shoots of climbing type. The leaves are very small and reach a length of 0.5 cm. There are brown scales, decorated in the form of a triangle. Modified stems are very similar to filamentous leaves, presented in the form of bunches of 3-12 pieces. They are very tiny: they are 0.5-1.5 cm in length, and up to 0.5 mm in diameter. They have a slightly curved shape, light green color, so that the plant acquires a delicate appearance. The flowers are small, presented in the form of single or 2-4 inflorescences, have white color. After flowering berries ripen bluish-black color, containing 1-3 seeds,
- Asparagus subtlest (Asparagus benuissimus). This variety has a great resemblance to the cirrus asparagus. The difference lies in the phyllocladia (modified shoots), which are thinner, elongated, have a more rare location than the feathery species. The shoots of this variety asparagus grow to 1.5 meters,
- Asparagus Sprenger (Asparagus sprengeri). It grows in the form of a shrub with climbing shoots. As a cultivated plant is grown as a herbaceous perennial. Взрослые экземпляры имеют голые, бороздчатые или гладкие стебли, образующие много ответвлений, которые достигают в длину 1,5 метра. Листья представляют собой шиловидные чешуи, которые вырастают до 2-4 мм.Stems have a leaf-like flat shape, grow to a length of 3 cm, width - 1-3 mm. May be straight or slightly curved with a pointed tip. They grow both single and collected in bunches of 2-4 cm. During the growing season, small flowers that have a white or light pink shade form, thinning the fragrant aroma. After flowering, reddish berries ripen, containing one seed,
- Asparagus medioloids (Asparagus medioloides). The peculiarity of this variety is not only tallness, but also a tendency to form a large number of branches, on which evergreen phylloclades form. After cutting, branches can remain fresh for many days even without water,
- Asparagus racemose (Asparagus racemosus). This variety is represented in the culture in the form of semi-shrubs, which form climbing shoots, reaching a length of 2 meters. The cladodes have a linearly-subulate form and are presented in the form of beams. The flowers have a bright pink color, thin the characteristic aroma, are formed in the form of brushes.
So that asparagus feathery began to bloom in time and was less likely to be affected by the diseases it needs provide suitable growing conditions.
The most comfortable asparagus feathery feels in places with good illumination, but it should be protected from direct sunlight. The most suitable place for growing asparagus are windows located on the western and eastern side. With the onset of summer is recommended grow a plant in the open air - balcony or garden. At the same time, one should not forget about leaving: it is possible to keep asparagus outdoors only in partial shade, where it can be protected from direct sunlight. If specimens were purchased for planting in the spring, they should gradually become accustomed to new lighting conditions, without neglecting care.
The most favorable for growing asparagus at home is the air temperature 20-25 degrees Celsius. Asparagus is not able to tolerate high temperatures for too long, which subsequently leads to its death. In winter, plant care requires maintaining the temperature at a level of 12-15 degrees. At this time of the year, watering should be reduced, but care should be taken to keep the earthen ball wet all the time.
With an increase in the winter, the temperature of growing near asparagus can bare and dry the stems. The way out of dormancy occurs in February, as indicated by the emerging new young shoots. By this time, the plant returns green color. Therefore, already during this period, begin to conduct a more moderate irrigation.
Humidity and watering
This plant responds positively to spraying. This procedure is most effective in winter, when the air becomes dry due to running radiators. therefore regular shower while leaving for the plant is to his advantage.
With the onset of summer, the plant needs to provide abundant watering, avoiding water stagnation. The intervals between watering should be sufficient for the soil to dry out. With a decrease in the temperature of asparagus growing in winter time, it is necessary to reduce irrigation, however, it is necessary to continue to maintain the soil moist.
It is possible to ensure the best growth and development of asparagus if it is grown at home in the soil prepared from the following components:
- humus earth
- leaf earth
- coarse sand.
All components take in proportion 1: 1: 0.5.
You can also use a primer of the following composition:
- sod land
- humus earth
- leaf earth
The recommended ratio is 2: 2: 2: 1. Soil should turn out with a weak acid reaction (pH5,5-7,0).
Home care requires providing the plant with nutrients. Fertilizers are applied to the soil once a week during the entire growing season. The exception is winter time, when top dressing is reduced to once a month. For these purposes, use a weak solution of organic fertilizer or mineral fertilizers for indoor crops.
Due to the fact that this plant demonstrates very rapid growth, it should be transplanted every year in spring. For this purpose, use a more spacious capacity, each time cutting the root system. Before you transfer the plant to a new container, you need to trim the exposed old branches. This measure stimulates the formation of young healthy shoots. For older plants, transplanting spend every 2-3 years.
The peculiarity of decorative asparagus is that it produces a large number of roots. In this regard, it must be grown in a container of suitable size. Otherwise, there will be a need for frequent transplants. Asparagus cannot grow in a tight pot for too long. As its roots grow in size, capacity can easily burst.
For new plants you can use seed sowing method, rhizome divisionreproduction stem cuttings. In the first case, sowing is carried out in January-March. For this, a moist soil mixture is prepared, for which sand and peat are used. During sowing, it is necessary to create a temperature not lower than 21 degrees, regularly spraying and airing. For seed germination takes about a month. It is important not to miss the moment when the seedlings reach a length of 70 cm: in this state a pick is taken. Favorable conditions for transplantation are created at the beginning of summer: at this time the plants are transferred to pots with a diameter of 10-12 cm.
Asparagus is among the unpretentious perennials, so today can often be found in many homes. The uniqueness of a plant is given by its shoots having a lianoid shape. Therefore, it is widely used as an ornamental plant. However, asparagus can show all its best qualities only with proper care. This is especially true of lighting. It is important to remember that this is a tropical plant, so it is particularly demanding for lighting and watering.
The rich green color of asparagus depends on the lighting.
The rich green color of asparagus is largely dependent on the lighting: it is best to place the flowerpot with the room flower in a place where it will be exposed to sufficiently bright light. However, keep in mind that direct sunlight can only tolerate Asparagus Sprenger, other common species (eg, feathery), on the contrary, must be protected from the direct sun.
The window sill on the north-west window or on the north-east one will be an ideal place to place room asparagus. A light-loving plant will feel nice near a western or eastern window covered with a tulle curtain. In the case when the room is located on the south side, the pot with weightless greens should be placed at some distance from the window. In winter, indoor asparagus may lack natural light, for which time it is recommended to temporarily move it closer to sunlight.Video about asparagus
In order not to suffer from overdried air, open-air greens, in the winter, place the room asparagus away from the batteries.
Immediately after purchase or after a rest period, asparagus should not be exposed to intense light. Arrange him a transitional stage with shading, let him gradually adapt to the light. And if you decide to put the plant on the balcony or in the garden for the summer, take a few days for its preliminary “hardening” and training for new conditions.
Regarding the temperature, comfortable for asparagus, in most cases it will be enough + 22 + 25 degrees in the warm season and + 12 + 15 degrees in winter. Fluffy “Christmas trees” transfer the heat with difficulty: on hot summer days additional shading and spraying of sufferers will be required. In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can shed all its needle leaves.
In winter, when the temperature drops to 0, the stems of a sensitive flower can drop all needles.
How to care for asparagus - the basic rules
Since indoor asparagus appreciates moisture and is afraid of drying out, special attention should be paid to sprinkling. Of course, during winter hibernation, it is not necessary to fill it with water, it is better to water it often, but gradually, using water at room temperature. Make sure that the substrate in the pot is constantly hydrated.
With the advent of young greenery in early spring, watering will need to be systematically increased: during the period of active growth of the shoots, the plant will require frequent and abundant watering. Try to bring in so much water that the top layer of soil has time to dry, and at the depth of the earth remains sufficiently wet. The average need for asparagus watering in the warm season - 3 times a week.
With the advent of young greens in early spring, watering will need to be systematically increased.
Spraying and moistening
Humidity for this tropical culture is of great importance. Frequent spraying enhances the brightness of greenery and positively affects its decorative qualities. A lot of benefits brings plant and soul. If the air in your apartment is too dry, put a container filled with water near the flowerpot, or pour it into the river sand pan and water it from time to time. Instead of sand, wood moss is also suitable, but it will have to be replaced every year with a new one.
Asparagus is characterized by intensive growth, in connection with which it constantly needs nutrients. During the growing season, the plant is recommended to feed once every 10-14 days, using complex fertilizers diluted in water (for example, “Rainbow”). Once per season it will be useful to apply organic fertilizer to the soil (for example, diluted bird droppings). In the period of rest in dressing there is no special need.
Secrets of the right transplant
Capricious asparagus does not like being disturbed without special need. Therefore, it is worth replanting it only if the pot has become too small for an overgrown root system. It is quite possible that transplantation will be required immediately after the purchase of a flower, because in stores usually use small containers that are cramped for plants.
Capricious asparagus does not like being disturbed without special need
Transplant technology is simple:
- mix the substrate from two parts of humus, one part of leafy ground and one part of river sand, or buy ready-made universal soil,
- prepare a suitable volume capacity
- free the indoor flower from the clod of the earth, shorten the tips of the roots (some of the overgrown roots can be simply cut off), remove the yellowed and bare stems,
- fill the bottom of the tank with drainage and so much substrate to have enough space for the root system,
- place the plant in the center of the tank and fill all voids with soil mixture, but do not fill the pot to the brim, as the soil grows noticeably as the roots grow.
Adults asparagusa is enough to replant every three years to replace depleted soil fresh. The best time for the next transfer - early spring, before the beginning of active growth of shoots.
You can use the next transplant for reproduction of room asparagus: for this, you either carefully divide the rhizome and plant it in different containers, or take the shoots of last year as cuttings and root them just like grass cuttings of roses.
Possible problems with caring for asparagus
Sometimes one look at the plant is enough to determine what kind of trouble happened to him.
No matter what kind of room asparagus grows in your apartment: Meier, Sprenger or Asparagus Cirrus, care for this crop may be complicated due to various adverse factors. Sometimes a single glance at a plant is enough to determine what kind of trouble has happened to it:
- if the small needles turned yellow and began to crumble rapidly, then the guest from the tropics suffers from a lack of moisture (too dry air or high temperature in the room, sparse watering, excess sunlight),
- from too bright lighting and insufficient watering, the edges of the leaves may turn brown,
- that the plant has sunburned, it is easy to guess from the bright spots on the foliage,
- pale green color indicates a lack of lighting,
- wilted, withering stems signal rotting of the root system due to excessive watering,
- the berries are covered with a dark fluffy bloom - this is gray mold, the appearance of which is promoted by excessive moisture in the air or soil, as well as sharp temperature fluctuations.
In addition, asparagus is attacked by common houseplant pests. Ticks can settle there, which you can easily guess from the characteristic bright spots on the leaves. As an effective remedy against ticks, it is recommended to use acaricide solution for twice spraying the flower crown (with an interval of several days). If small winged greenhouse thrips are detected, causing foliage to turn yellow, it is necessary to treat the asparagus with karbofos three times a month and increase the humidity of the air.
Colonies of wax chervets are quickly destroyed with medical alcohol: just moisten a sponge in it and wipe the affected areas. Treatment with alcoholic solution also helps in the fight against the flaps.
When caring for asparagus, do not destroy it by trimming. It is necessary to cut a growing shoot, and he will soon die away, and the rhizome will begin to spend forces on the formation of a new stem. Therefore, during the formation of room asparagus, pruning is excluded, using fastening on supports to improve the decorativeness of the flower.
Asparagus - growing and care in the home
The genus asparagus belong to the family of asparagus. This plant represents a cloud of the most gentle greens and adequately decorates itself the room or the dacha. It is decorative during the fruiting period, when bright, red-colored fruits are effectively located on fragile branches. Asparagus flowers are more modest, white-green in color with a delicate aroma.
One of the most common species are: asparagus, densely flowered (Meier), Ethiopian (Sprenger), pinnate, sickle-shaped, umbrella-like. The specificity of the branch structure unites all these species. The trunk or branch has branches, cladodes resembling leaves, and the leaves themselves are usually very small.
Asparagus, or Asparagus (Asparagus) is a genus of plants of the asparagus family. In total, there are about 200 species distributed throughout the world.
Asparagus feathery (Asparagus setaceus)
How to grow asparagus at home
In a favorable environment, asparagus grows rapidly. This is usually a houseplant, but many plants of the genus asparagus feel good in open ground. They perfectly complement the floral arrangements, and bouquets of fresh and bright greens. Houseplants should also be carried out in summer on loggias and gazebos. Drafts they do not like.
Place in the house
When choosing a place for asparagus, it is necessary to take into account its future dimensions. The branches of some of its species reach three meters. This may affect the development of neighboring colors. Asparagus on the street and in the house like penumbra.
Asparagus flowers (Asparagus densiflorus). © Traumrune
Asparaguses experience a rather painful transplant, so they should rarely be transplanted when the plant grows strongly to change the pot or to divide the bush to produce a new plant.
Crescent-shaped asparagus (Asparagus falcatus). © mary-plantes
There are two acceptable methods of reproduction: seeds and bush dividing. Seeds usually breed asparagus in the natural environment. At home it is also not difficult to do. Seeds are obtained from fully ripened berries. They are sown in spring in a well-drained soil, watered, kept at a temperature of 20 degrees under the film until germination. During reproduction by seeds, many new plants are obtained at once, and this is its advantage.
Shrub dividing is a simpler, classic way of breeding. The overgrown bush is divided into several and each is planted in a separate container.
Fight against diseases and pests
Creating the necessary temperature conditions and humidity is a guarantee of health for asparagus. Besides this, it is vital to feed with a nitrogen and iron content.
If something has gone wrong, and the plant has turned yellow and dries, it can be cut almost at the root, watered and it will give new shoots.
Asparaguses can be damaged by ticks and cherries. Manually coping with pests on a plant like asparagus is unlikely to work out, so it’s best to immediately treat it with appropriate drugs.
Description of the appearance of asparagus and its origin
Asparagus is a delicate and elegant plant, well known since the Soviet past. Then they were adorned with many places frequented by the people, and asparagus was also popular in indoor floriculture. But with the arrival on our flower market of the Dutch variety, the plant was gradually forgotten. But the flower deserves to be interested not only by experienced flower growers, but also by beginners.
Asparagus - Classic Home Floriculture
Asparagus has many faces. Его виды представлены вечнозелёными многолетними полукустарниками с развитым подземным корневищем и разветвлёнными стеблями, одревесневающими лианами или травянистые растения.
Asparagus has a powerful underground root, consisting of many tubers.
Stems are flexible, having branches. As such leaves asparagus does not have. Instead of them, numerous branches or cladodes are arranged on the branches. They are very similar to needles and seem prickly in appearance, but in reality they are very soft and tender.
Asparagus stems are flexible, with many branches
Flowers small - single or collected in inflorescences. Painted in white, less often in pink or beige.
The fruits are similar to red berries. Inside the fruit are one or more seeds covered with black thick peel. The berries are poisonous, so if you have children or animals in your home, you should take precautions!
After pollination of the flowers of asparagus the fruits ripen - berries
Asparagus belongs to the family of Asparagus, uniting not only decorative, but also medicinal and edible species. The plant is distributed almost throughout the world - on the African continent, in Asia, America and Europe. But mostly prefers places with a dry climate.
Long periods of drought helps to survive the rhizome that accumulates moisture for the future.
Growing asparagus in a home environment is easy. The conditions of the plant is undemanding. Unless it is worth coming to watering and lighting with special responsibility. And one more nuance should be taken into account - some types of asparagus can grow strongly and for them it is necessary to allocate more space.
Asparagus is often used as a component of landscape design. The plant is a wonderful element of decoration and gardening of cozy yards, terraces. Florists decorate with sprigs of asparagus bouquets and flower arrangements. Very effectively the plant looks in hanging baskets or flowerpots.
Asparagus is very easy to clean, besides, the plant is a wonderful element of decor
Choosing a new pot, it should be noted that asparagus grows rather quickly, so the choice should be stopped on a more spacious container than the previous one. Otherwise, adult specimens will have to be transplanted more often, which is undesirable. Of the materials, preference should be given to ceramics, but not glazed; in such a pot, gas-exchange processes take place that will help to cope with high humidity. Do not forget that the pot must have a drainage hole.
For planting aspargus is better to pick a ceramic pot
For young specimens, the volume of the pot should be chosen not very large, since the root system will first of all begin to develop the space, and the green part will lag behind in growth.
Asparagus is undemanding to the composition of the earth. For planting or transplanting slightly acidic universal soil or soil mixture for ferns. To improve the moisture conductivity in the finished mixture, you can add a little coarse sand.
But best of all, asparagus will grow in a substrate that has been prepared especially for it. At home, this is very easy to do, you just need to mix:
- 1 part of humus,
- 1 piece of leafy ground
- 0.5 parts of coarse sand
- 1 part of sod land.
Be sure to use drainage - it will help prevent stagnant water in the root system. Its volume should occupy about 1/3 of the total volume of the pot. Drainage can be purchased at a flower shop or use clay shards, broken bricks, small pebbles or pieces of foam.
Only young and fast-growing specimens need annual transplantation. Asparagus doesn’t like it when he is disturbed, so adult specimens are transplanted using the transshipment method as needed 1 time in 2-3 years.
Incremental transplant process
- We pour drainage and prepared soil mixture into new tank.
- We pour asparagus, wait until the earth lump is thoroughly fed and removed from the old pot. Holding the base, slightly shake the ground with the roots. If it turns out badly, the roots can be washed in a container with water.
Moisturize the ground before removing asparagus from the pot.
The asparagus root system needs to be cleared from the ground to assess its condition.
It is best to transplant asparagus in the spring - in April or May, when the period of active growth begins. A plant purchased in autumn can be transplanted into a new container with a suitable substrate after a weekly adaptation.
Since asparagus does not like the transplant process, after it the plant will need some time to recover. During this period, there may be negative consequences in the form of yellowing of the shoots and even their drying. To help the plant cope with a stressful situation, put it after a transplant in a slightly pritennoy place, eliminate being in a draft and carefully monitor the moisture of the earthy coma - over-wetting and overdrying will negatively affect even a healthy plant. Do not give top dressing.
How to water
To watering should come with great seriousness. Asparagus does not like waterlogging and dry land. It is necessary to find the golden middle - the top layer of the earth needs to dry out before the next watering, but the ground in the middle of the pot should be in a moderately wet state.
When watering, remember that asparagus roots are able to accumulate moisture, so the stagnation of water in the roots is extremely undesirable - it can destroy the plant.
During the period of growth, in spring and summer, you need to water abundantly and regularly, not allowing the soil to dry out. After watering, you should wait until the liquid flows into the pan and pour it out to avoid rotting of the root system.
In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced. For humidification only warm water is used. Some growers in the cold period practice lower watering, that is, through a pallet.
Asparagus needs plenty of water in the summer
What fertilizers to apply and when
In the spring-summer period, asparagus should receive nutrients that are applied 2 times a month. For plants suitable complex fertilizers for decorative and deciduous. The dosage can be slightly reduced. In the summer, if the flower is kept in a well-lit area, you can indulge asparagus with nitrogen-containing supplements that will help increase the green mass. But the amount of nitrogen should be reduced if the plant is in a darkened room. Otherwise, the stems will be strongly drawn out.
And asparagus are very responsive to organic matter, which can be alternated with mineral fertilizers.
Only adult plants that are 5 or 6 years old are blooming. Small flowers are usually white, although there are cream and pink shades in color. They are located in the sinuses of the leaf alone or with brushes. After artificial pollination on the site of a flower the fruit ripens - a red berry.
At home, bloom, albeit rarely, but still can be seen.
At home, asparagus blooms rarely
For asparagus, the rest period is a relative phenomenon. Even in winter, it grows slowly. Therefore, we do not stop fertilizing, although we reduce the frequency of fertilizing by 2 times - it will be enough once a month. We water rarely. The room for the plant is bright and cool - on average 15 ° С. But not below 10 ° C.
Do I need trimming
Asparagus is often grown as an ampelous plant and does not need targeted formative pruning. Moreover, if you cut a healthy branch - it will not branch and may soon die off. Delete only the yellow, old stems. Such a procedure carried out during transplantation, will give impetus to the development of young shoots and support the decorative appearance of the plant.
Asparagus, only old, yellowed stems are pruned.
Types of asparagus
In order to better get acquainted with the decorative culture and choose the most suitable option, consider what types of asparagus are:
- Asparagus asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides). It is grown using a support or as an ampelous plant. It blooms with small white flowers. After flowering bright orange berries appear with an orange flavor.
- Ethiopian Asparagus / Sprenger (Asparagus aethiopicus). Ampelnaya plant, which is a climbing shrub, the stems of which grow to 1.5 meters. The inflorescences are small, white in color, have a pronounced smell.
- Asparagus feathery (Asparagus plumosus). The most common and unpretentious look. The flower is decorative and fluffy due to well-branching shoots. Indoors blooms very rarely.
- Asparagus Meyer (Asparagus meyeri). This is a very beautiful plant, its shoots, shaped like a spindle, stretch upwards and grow up to 50 cm. Thanks to the decorative look, cut stalks of the plant are used by florists to design flower arrangements.
- Crescent-shaped asparagus (Asparagus falcatus). Its leaves can easily injure the fingers, hence the name of this type of plant. But beauty overlaps this shortcoming. It grows in the form of a graceful vine, the length of the stems of which reaches 4 meters. Decorative flowers form terry inflorescences and have a delicate aroma.
The main characteristics of asparagus
This is a perennial plant that lives in homes up to 10 years, but after 3-4 years it becomes less decorative. It is characterized by intensive growth and gives long shoots that look equally well in hanging pots, and in outdoor vases, and for decorating walls.
It is almost impossible to achieve flowering of asparagus in room conditions. And if this happens, then for 5-6 years small white flowers appear, forming inflorescences of 2-4 pieces on the top of the shoots. After flowering bright red berries appear, which in no case can not be eaten by people and animals, as they cause an upset stomach and food poisoning.
Lighting and temperature
Asparagus needs good lighting, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, the plant will feel good about the windows facing west or east. If the room has only a window facing south, it is recommended to shade the flower or place it at a considerable distance. In winter, indoor asparagus may lack natural light, so it is advisable to move it to the most lighted area.
Immediately after purchasing the plant, it is not recommended to immediately put it in a bright place. This should be done gradually by placing asparagus, first in partial shade, and then every day closer and closer to the light. It is necessary to give asparagus a few days to adapt to new conditions.
It is important to maintain the temperature regime, which in the spring and summer should not exceed 25 ° C, in the winter - 15 ° C. Heat "fluffy Christmas trees" can not stand, begin to turn yellow and rapidly fall. Additional shading and spraying may slightly improve the situation.
Humidity and watering
The plant is very moisture-loving, therefore, in the vegetative period, which begins in early spring and ends in autumn, requires abundant watering. The procedure should be done at least three times a week with settled water. Excess moisture must be drained from the pan so that the roots are not rotted. During the rest period, the intensity of irrigation decreases.
Culture prefers medium and high humidity. Therefore, if it is regularly sprayed with a spray bottle, then there will be a noticeable increase in the color saturation of the leaves and active growth of the stems. Also, to increase the humidity of the air suitable dishes with water, which must be put near asparagus.
Trimming, dressing and transplanting
In the spring and summer, the plant needs fertilizing every week with liquid mineral fertilizers for indoor crops and weakly concentrated organic fertilizers.
Healthy asparagus does not require pruning. It is necessary to cut only the yellowed, faded and bare stems. The procedure will contribute to the active growth of new shoots.
This plant is difficult to tolerate transplanting, so you need to do the procedure only when absolutely necessary, for example, if the flower has grown much and it became cramped. In this case, it must be transplanted into a larger pot, while cutting the roots by a third. Asparagus is transplanted about once a year if the plant is young, and once every 2-3 years if the plant is more than three years old.
Soil for the procedure suitable universal store or made from sand, greenhouse and garden land in the same ratio. In a pot it is important to drainage with sawdust or using broken brick fragments and pieces of foam.
Problems in growing: diseases and pests
If you follow all care tips, asparagus is rarely affected by diseases and pests. However, there are diseases and insects from which it can suffer.
- Shchitovki - lodge on the surface of leaves and shoots. The affected plant begins to turn yellow and may die over time. Methods of control: treat infected areas with a solution containing soap or alcohol, as well as karbofos or atellic. Repeated spraying should be carried out after 10 days.
- Greenhouse thrips - pests suck up the sap of the plant, which leads to its wilting and drying. To eliminate them, it is necessary to increase the humidity of the air and process the flower twice with a pyrethrum solution, tobacco broth or karbofos.
- Gray rot - affects the berries. They form a gray fluffy patina. The reasons are associated with excessive humidity and temperature fluctuations. When treatment is necessary to eliminate the causes of the disease. For the treatment of the flower, you must use Bordeaux liquid, baileton or chlorine copper.
- Aphids and spider mites - when they appear on the plant, white spots begin to form, with time it fades. For pest control, it is recommended to use a soap solution, acaricidal agents and increase the number of sprays of sick asparagus.
- Waxy cherries - cause the appearance of black spots on the leaves. Pests should be removed with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol solution.
With proper care for asparagus, you can create real tropics right at home!