Plant Care Products

What to feed the plants and vegetables in the spring?


An experienced gardener knows that in a poor land you will not get a good harvest. All garden crops, whether ordinary parsley or potatoes, need food. Without it, plants grow tight, which is already talking about fruiting. So diligent gardeners are trying to prepare beds on time, especially in spring, because this time is the most important. On how many nutrients the plants will receive at the beginning of the growing season, depends on their further development. To replenish nutrient reserves in the soil, it is important to know what kind of fertilizer is needed in the spring for the vegetable garden. Today we will talk about the most important and frequently used dressings.

Organic for the garden - a pledge of loose and nutritious soil

One of the advantages of organic fertilizers is the ability to improve soil structure. Organic matter does not only saturate the beds with such an important element as nitrogen. It also increases the amount of humus in the area. The earth itself after making organic becomes more friable. It means that it will be easier for cultures to grow and get food. In addition, if there is a subsidiary farm - this is the cheapest way, because you do not need to buy anything.

Organic fertilizers include:

  • cattle dung
  • bird droppings
  • wood ash,
  • eggshell.

Manure and fresh droppings can not be made on the garden. On their basis, you can make humus, compost or liquid fertilizers. It is also permissible to fertilize the beds with dried manure.

Mineral fertilizers for the garden

For growth and fruiting, garden crops need nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus. It is possible to provide them with these elements by bringing special preparations to the site in the spring, namely:

  • urea, saltpeter (to feed with nitrogen),
  • potassium chloride,
  • superphosphate, phosphate rock (for feeding phosphorus).

When using mineral fertilizers, it is important to follow the instructions for their introduction and proportions. An excess of "chemistry" will destroy everything in the garden.

Complex mineral fertilizers - the perfect solution for the garden

We should also mention drugs that contain several trace elements. They may also have other nutrients that plants need. This is very convenient, because you do not need to do a few dressings.

Of the mineral complexes are well:

  1. Nitroammofosk (potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, sulfur). Bring dry before planting on moist soil.
  2. Nitrophoska (potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen). Granules are added to the wells when planting or scattered over the bed. You can use the solution.
  3. Potassium nitrate (potassium, nitrogen). Vegetables are poured over the prepared solution. Dry granules poured under the bushes, pre-watered them.

Spring dressing

With the onset of warm days in trees and perennials the vegetative period begins. After winter rest, juice flow and active growth begin. A similar process occurs in garden crops planted with seedlings or sown in grain grains. Plants are trying to gain strength by absorbing nutrients from the earth. However, even the most fertile soil is not able to provide good nutrition without human intervention. The way out is fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers.

Soil enrichment can not be done in a row that comes handy. Each plant, tree or shrub requires a balanced and complete feeding with those substances that are not enough in the ground. Experienced vegetable growers independently compile a combined diet of mineral and organic fertilizers, guided by soil analyzes.

It is important to know! The fertilizer applied to the ground is higher than the standard fertilizer will only harm the plant. Nutrient oversupply affects poor yields.

Terms of work

Determine how much fertilizer to make and how much is half the battle. You need to know the optimal timing of the work to feed brought benefits. Conventionally, the time of fertilization in spring is divided into three periods:

  1. Soil fertilizer over the snow. The biggest mistake is to sprinkle mineral fertilizers in early spring over the snow cover that has not melted. Most of the nutrients will go with melt water outside the garden. There will be not fertilized areas, as well as places with a large accumulation of minerals. The method is only suitable for large farms that did not feed the fields in the fall, and a lot of work is needed in early spring. Organics on the snow, in general, can not be scattered.
  2. Top dressing of soil before sowing or planting seedlings. The ideal period for all cultures. Fertilizer will have time to dissolve, evenly distributed throughout the site. The root system of a young plant after planting immediately receive nutrients. To achieve an optimal effect, scattered fertilizer is covered with a layer of earth.
  3. Fertilizing the well during sowing or planting. An effective, but dangerous method that requires a lot of experience. The root system immediately receives a large concentrate of substances. Errors with a dose will destroy the plant.

A novice gardener should stick to the second period of fertilizing the soil - before planting garden crops. This rule is also suitable for florists. Fruit trees can feed even before complete thawing of the earth around the trunk.

Tip! In any variant of feeding you should not immediately apply a large portion of fertilizer. The process is better divided by 2-3 times with short intervals.

Organic fertilizer

The most popular top dressing in the countryside is organic. Fertilizer for many gardeners gets free, but it works no worse than store supplies.

Effective fertilizer consists of decomposed organic waste. The process of rotting occurs in a pit or heap protected by shields. For the preparation of compost using tops of garden crops, weeds, sawdust, foliage from trees, any food waste. Rapid decomposition of organic matter occurs at a temperature of +40 o C.

Properly prepared compost can replace mineral fertilizers. To do this, the organic matter is not just thrown randomly into a heap, but alternate between raw and dry layers. Succulent vegetation is mixed with sawdust or dry foliage. Full nutrients are formed by adding bird droppings or fresh manure from domestic animals. Phosphoric flour will help to enrich the organics with microelements. For 100 kg of rotting waste add 2 kg of the substance. Peat gives good results, but it forms an acidic medium. Wood ash will help restore the balance.

Tip! To speed up decay, each layer of organic waste is sprinkled with earth. In a hot dry summer a lot of water is watered, but the water should not stand in a puddle. To keep moisture and maintain optimum temperature will help cover from the film.

Organics are obtained from used pet bedding. The basis is fresh manure mixed with straw, grass or wood chips. Fertilizer is rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other beneficial substances. For the preparation of manure dirty litter is piled in a heap, and the top is covered with plastic wrap. The process of rotting lasts at least 1 year. The finished organic scatter forks on the site and evenly distribute the rake.

Attention! Undigested manure can only be used for warm beds.

Organic matter includes manure or compost that has rotted for two or more years. Ready humus is determined by friability and earthy smell. The resulting substance is considered a universal fertilizer, suitable for feeding, mulching, adding to the wells when planting seedlings.

Bird droppings

By the number of nutrients organics ahead of mullein. Clean litter is highly concentrated and is used only for composting. When diluted, organics are ideal for feeding garden crops, especially tomatoes. Sourdough is prepared from 1 part of the litter and 10 parts of water. The fermented infusion is diluted with water at the rate of 1: 4 and with this solution the plants are poured at the root.

The most useful ash for vegetation is obtained by burning young branches of trees and straw. The substance is rich in potassium, which helps reduce the acidity of the soil. Ash serves as a good feeding for most garden crops, except carrots. Tomatoes, potatoes, sweet peppers react well to the substance.

If the site is not located on the peatlands, then this organics will have to buy. Peat is used in the arrangement of beautiful lawns. The substance is evenly scattered on the site, peretrusyvayu ground, and after a day proceed to sowing seeds. Peat is well suited for soil mulching, especially around the trunks of three-year-old apple seedlings.

Bacterial fertilizers

The drug is more used in the cultivation of flowers, as well as garden crops. The composition contains live microorganisms that help plants absorb beneficial substances from the soil. A striking example is humus, but there are also more concentrated preparations. Bacterial fertilizers are applied in spring to warm soil during sowing.

Tablet preparation is made from organic sediments of the bottom of the reservoir. The tablets are applied during the preparation of the soil or during the sowing of crops. The drug is covered with earth, otherwise it is useless.

Feed recommendations

Any garden crop and ornamental plant is demanding on a particular substance, whether it is a mineral or organic matter.

Top dressing of culture is carried out in the continuous or allochny way. On the big garden is acceptable continuous method. Top dressing evenly scattered throughout the site. The composition of the mixture depends on the type of soil.

For barren land:

  • compost or manure - 5 kg,
  • ammonium sulfate - 3 kg,
  • superphosphate - 3 kg,
  • potassium-containing drug –2.5 kg.

For nutrient primer:

  • compost or manure - 2 kg,
  • ammonium sulfate - 2 kg,
  • superphosphate - 1.5 kg,
  • potassium-containing drug - 1.5 kg.

In the well variant, fertilizer is applied to each hole during planting tubers. The method is suitable for the owner of a small area. However, planting potatoes is more convenient for three people: one works with a shovel, the second sprinkles fertilizer, the third spreads the tubers into the holes. Potato feed is a mixture of 1 l of manure with 0.5 liters of ash. This number is calculated per well.

Tomatoes love prepared soil. It is better to do this in the fall or in extreme cases in early spring. On the beds before planting, the ground is mixed with peat, manure and added loamy soil. At the initial stage organic materials are used for feeding. Superphosphate and complex fertilizers are best suited from store preparations. Minerals contribute 1 time in 2 weeks.

Under the culture of preparing high warm beds. The filler is manure or humus, straw and earth. The bed can be made not high by immersing the filler deep into the ground. Under the upper layer of the earth, organic matter will begin to overheat, releasing heat to the roots of cucumbers.

Culture is demanding on nitrogen. On the 10th day after the transplanting, urea supplementation is performed with no more than 10 g / m 2. After 22 days, superphosphate is added, dissolved in water at the rate of 15 g of substance per 10 l of water. Proportions are calculated for white cabbage. Top dressing of other varieties perform similar drugs. For cauliflower dose doubled.

With the onset of spring, the bushes are cleared of the crooked weeds and the warming shelter of foliage or sawdust. Soil loosened, and mulched on top of peat. The first dressing is carried out with a nitrogen-containing solution. It is possible to sprinkle saltpeter granules before mulching under bushes. After the appearance of the first leaves, the plantations are poured with mineral-organic solutions. Potassium-containing preparations increase the taste of the berries.

If the well was initially fertilized, the first feeding of the shrub is required in the second year. Currant responds well to nitrogen-containing fertilizers and organics. An adult bush needs 15 kg of humus in the spring. If the choice fell on organic matter, then mineral nitrogen-containing substances do not contribute.

The most demanding and capricious shrub to feed. Fertilizing raspberries is better with humus or compost. Loosen the earth for better penetration of moisture and oxygen to the roots. Top ground mulch peat. Top dressing is carried out by spraying solutions containing bromine with zinc.

Fruit trees

In early March, when buds have not yet swelled in the trees, superphosphate is poured around the trunks, mixing it with the ground. Early dates are due to the properties of phosphorus. The substance should be in the ground for a long time to become a useful fertilizer for the fruit tree. After the soil is heated, wood ash and humus are introduced. By the end of May, trees are fertilized with potassium, contributing to the improvement of the taste of fruits.

What can not be applied in the spring

Not all fertilizers can be used in the spring on the site. First of all, it is worth refusing fresh manure, if we are not talking about a warm bed for cucumbers. Plants from such organics will receive a minimum of nutrients, and an overabundance even harm them.

An additional problem will bring weed seeds, preserved in manure. In the garden the grains will quickly germinate. Weeds will kill cultivated plants, plus nutrients will be removed from the soil.

Under the second ban can get saltpeter. Fertilizer promotes the formation of an alkaline environment. For soil with a large amount of impurities salt this effect is unacceptable.

The third drug that should be discarded in the spring is an overdue, complex, factory-made fertilizer. The substance will not do much harm. Just fertilizer will be inactive and the plant will not benefit from it.

Useful tips

With the acquisition of experience, gardeners independently formulate a diet for their crops, and also give useful advice to beginning farmers:

  • For spring feeding optimal use of complex preparations with the maximum nitrogen content. Since the granules dissolve longer, they are introduced in mid-March. Nutrient solutions watered in late April.
  • When feeding trees, fertilizer is applied with a small indentation from the trunk and in a circle. So more likely the substance will penetrate to the root system.
  • Composting and mulching can be done annually. There will be no harm from this. It is desirable to use manure to fertilize the land 1 time in 2 years. Introduced organic matter can not be burrowed deeper into the spade bayonet.

When choosing store fertilizers, preference is given to granular complex preparations. They dissolve in doses, which allows the plant to get nutrients for a long time.

Adding an article to a new collection

In the spring, the care of lawn, garden, beds, trees, bushes and flowers begins with the introduction of suitable fertilizers. How to choose them, and what portion is needed for each of the plants? Every summer resident should know the answers to these questions.

At first glance, each of the green "inhabitants" of your site needs its own nutritional complex. However, in fact, the process of awakening and growth is similar in most plants, so they will need the same substances, but the dosages will differ significantly.

How to feed the trees in the spring

Melting snow washes away the nutrients accumulated over the past season from the soil, and therefore the trees need restocking. The first of the soil goes is the nitrogen that is so necessary for building up the green mass. With the introduction of nitrogen under the fruit trees should start the garden care season.

Fertilizer is carried out 2-3 weeks before flowering. To do this, use one of the following solutions:

  • 5% solution of urea, ammonium nitrate, or bird droppings at the rate of half a bucket per 1 square meter of tree trunks,
  • diluted in 2 liters of water 500 g slurry per 1 sq. circle of circle bar.

You can also quickly replenish stocks of nitrogen using foliar feeding (spraying) urea. 0.3% solution is suitable for apple trees, 0.1-0.2% for pears, and 0.5-0.6% for stone fruits (cherries, plums, cherries, apricots).

How to feed the bushes in the spring

Berry shrubs are fed twice in the spring - root and foliar method. The first feeding is carried out after the soil thaws and the buds swell. It requires nitrogen fertilizer, for example, 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate or 40-50 g of ammonium sulfate per 1 sq. M.

If in the fall under the bush organic matter was introduced (humus, rotted manure), then the nitrogen fertilizer in the spring can be skipped.

At the end of May, gooseberries, currants, raspberries and other berries need foliar nutrition with 1-2% potassium sulphate and superphosphate solutions, as well as trace elements: manganese sulphate (0.1-0.5% solution) and boric acid ( 0.01-0.05% solution).

Top dressing in spring

Every summer resident immediately after the snow melts, dreams of finding the perfect green glade on his plot. Alas, in our latitudes this will remain a fantasy, and in itself the lawn will wake up for quite a long time. In order to stimulate its growth, you will need to “feed” the grass with nitrogen and other substances.

You can feed the lawn in the spring as soon as the snow melts.

Fertilizer for lawn in the spring can be used both solid and liquid. Чаще всего применяют:

  • нитроаммофоску "16:16:16" – в сухом виде разбрасывают по 20-40 г на 1 кв.м, а затем старательно поливают,
  • Фертику (Кемиру) "Универсал 2" – в сухом виде разбрасывают по 40-50 г на 1 кв.м, поливают,
  • Bona Forte (liquid) - 80 ml diluted in a bucket of water and watered 6 square meters of lawn, after 2 weeks, repeat.

However, only by spring application you will not be able to provide your lawn with a long and bright life - you need to care for the grass carpet throughout the season.

Top dressing of a flower bed in the spring

Care for perennial flowers in the spring begins as soon as the snow melts in the flower beds. After the traditional harvesting of plant residues is to take care of those who will delight you with flowering the whole season or some of its period.

Bulbs (muskars, hyacinths, crocuses, tulips, iridodictiums, etc.) are usually the first to wake up in the garden. Although it may seem that they have accumulated everything necessary for the full bloom over the past season, it is worthwhile to feed them, so that next year also enjoy the lush buds.

Top dressing of primroses is carried out together with loosening and mulching, choosing for this purpose complex mineral fertilizers. The application rate depends on the variety of colors.

The advantages of spring feeding

In the spring it is desirable to make a full range of fertilizers. Why?

  1. You can more accurately calculate the dose for each individual culture. This takes into account the predecessors.
  2. The amount of fertilizer is greatly reduced. The fact is that after the autumn application in the spring, about 80% of the initial amount of the active substances remain in the soil. This figure is not universal, some minerals (nitrogen) are very quickly washed out of the soil, while others tend to accumulate in it (potassium). If brought in the fall, the dose should be increased taking into account these factors.

Fertilizer application rules

An exception to this rule should be made for organic fertilizer (except compost). The fresh organic matter brought in spring will not have time to be overwhelmed and will not be fully absorbed by plants. This, of course, does not matter, organic will remain next year, but labor costs are increasing.

Important note. You should never make fresh cattle dung, it not only gives the plants a minimum of nutrients, but also brings big problems for plant growers. In fresh manure, more than 90% of weed seeds retain their germination. If you apply such fertilizers in spring, then massive sowing of weeds is done at the same time, and it is very difficult to fight them.

Manure as a fertilizer is ineffective

All organic matter must be repainted (composted) while observing special regimes. If these are ordinary leaves and waste from the beds, then it is enough for them to make special containers. Cattle dung should be stored in large piles for at least two years. During this time, weed seeds trapped in grass or hay manure will lose their germination.

Fertilizer composter

When to apply fertilizer in spring

The question worries many summer residents, and not only them. In total there are three periods of fertilization in the spring, each of them has its own characteristics.

Early spring over the snow

During preplant soil preparation

During planting or planting

In any case, you need to remember the main rule - fertilizers should be applied fractionally as the plants develop, at least three times during the growing season and ripening. You should never try to give the entire dose at once, except for harm it will bring nothing. When, how much and what kind of fertilizer to apply depends on the specific type of plant, the expected yield. In addition, it should be borne in mind what part of the plant is used in food: roots, stems and leaves or fruits. This is a separate and complex topic, you need to talk about it in a separate article.

Mineral fertilizers for spring application

First you need to say a few words about the distinctive features of various types of mineral fertilizers, it will be easier to navigate with the terms. All mineral nutrients are divided into three groups according to the features of influence on the development of plants:

  • nitrogen. Significantly increases the green mass of plants. Therefore, the increased dose should be for salads, cabbage, etc.,
  • phosphorus. Increases the number and weight of fruits. It is required to increase the dose for all grains, strawberries, peas, etc.,
  • potassium. Improves root development. The application rate increases under the roots: carrots, beets, potatoes, etc.

Mineral fertilizers on the photo

Of course, the effect of fertilizers is much more complicated, but it is in these directions that the maximum return is noted. It must be remembered that there can be no harvest of fruits without roots and leaves, plants require feeding with all substances. For such purposes, complex fertilizers (liquid or granulated) are produced. Before making it necessary to carefully examine the percentage composition of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus, to determine the required performance and only then buy and make. For amateur gardeners, many manufacturers on the packaging immediately indicate the names of the crops under which it is recommended to apply this or that complex fertilizer and the approximate dose.

Mineral fertilizer packaging

As for the quantity, there is no general advice for all cases. Experienced gardeners do once every two or three years the analysis of soils on the state of residual mineral substances (they are always present in some amount in the soil) and the percentage of humus. Further, the calculation of the quantity for each name of fertilizers necessary for the normal development of plants is performed, the missing dose is determined. In most cases, it is sufficient to apply 200–400 g per 10 m2 of potassium phosphorus and nitrogen, the specific ratio of fertilizers depends on the crops grown and the natural fertility of the soil.

In spring, during sprouting, it is first necessary to ensure maximum development of the root system; for this, fertilizers containing a lot of potassium are applied to the soil. Further, in order to accelerate the development of green mass, plants should be fed with nitrogen and phosphorus is added during fruit ripening.

Fertilizer Gumi-Omi Potassium

Important. For each type of fertilizer plants react differently. If you don’t need to follow the dose of potassium (the plants will never consume too much), then you need to be very careful with nitrogen (nitrogen is not controlled by the plants, leaves become dark green, very large and unsuitable for consumption). Agronomists strongly recommend to start a journal in which to make records about the timing of fertilizer application, their name and quantity. In addition, a specific area should be indicated, which plants were grown on it and how much of the crop was harvested. To compile and control crop rotation you need to have a separate notebook.

Trace elements

Improves plants, reduces the likelihood of viral and bacterial diseases, improves their resistance to adverse growing conditions. They are applied in early spring during the pre-sowing preparation of the soil. Doses need to carefully calculate or follow the recommendations of manufacturers. It is advisable to make a chemical analysis of the soil before applying. Exceeding the recommended amount of microelements can become a cause of inhibition of plant growth.

Mineral plant nutrition

Soil characteristics

To determine what feed the earth at this time of year, you need to know its type. She is following species:

Depending on the composition, it is determined which fertilizer to make in the spring is best.

Depending on the result, the type of soil is determined. If the "product" does not crack, it turned out smooth, then the earth belongs to clayey mind In the presence of small crevices, it is a loamy look. When it is impossible for the mass to give the desired shape at all, this means that the soil belongs to the remaining two categories.

Depending on the result obtained, we determine the required fertilizer. The first two soil types store heat poorly, although the earth heats up quickly. The trace elements in them are also not enough, so you need to add here compost, peat, turf, mineral complexes.

Clay soil and its subtype are characterized by the formation of a crust, stagnant water. They bring peat, sand, small chopped branches, straw, manure. The latter is advisable to add rotted. For perennial seedlings the proportion goes 10 kg per 1 sq. M. m., on the other 7 kg.

Types of spring fertilizers

Top dressing at this time of year is divided into several major types:

  • siderats,
  • organic,
  • mineral,
  • organo-mineral (complex).

Siderats are special plants that are planted to further improve the soil. Among them for planting most often used the following:

  • mustard,
  • oats,
  • buckwheat,
  • lupine,
  • wheat.

In addition to the above add to improve the composition of the earth and other cultures. For planting such dressings, fast-growing plants with a large vegetative mass and a well-developed root are selected.

After planting the green crops, the soil has many beneficial properties. properties:

  • soil structure improves,
  • humidity increases
  • acidity decreases.

In addition, most plants can enrich the earth with the necessary nitrogen and phosphorus.

For the disinfection of the soil and the fight against beetles (in particular, with the Colorado), the following planting is recommended cultures:

How to fertilize the earth in the spring with them? Around the trees, especially fruit, planted plants near the trunk. Such a technique helps to saturate the soil with mineral components, nitrogen. During flowering cultures attract insects, which helps with self pollination.

Organo - mineral (complex) fertilizers

Such dressings are universal, have humic substances in their composition. Each drug has its own dose of use, but there are a number of common rules to use them:

  • A substance is sprayed onto the open space using a spraying method; different types of watering, rain, spraying are applied to the closed space.
  • From 300 to 700 mg of the preparation is used for seed treatment weighing one ton.
  • For the method of spraying applied 5−10 mg of substance per 10 liters of water.
  • When using fertilizer for foliar application for 1 hectare of future harvest, 200–400 mg of fertilizer is given.
  • For drip irrigation in 1 thousand liters of water is given 20−40 ml of the drug.

Each dressing is universal, when using it you should take into account everything that is written in the instructions. If fertilization is done correctly in spring, then in the future it will bring a rich harvest, the main thing is to choose the right drug.

Selection of fertilizer for soil

Earth feeds plantstherefore, its fertility function begins to decrease. The task of man is to replenish the reserves of land, which it spends on the health and beauty of plants. Spring dressing will be very useful. To carry out feeding, you need to know the types of fertilizers.

Distinguish between organic and mineral fertilizers. But how do you know what fertilizer is needed for soil? To do this, you can take a handful of soil and carry out the analysis in the laboratory. But not all gardeners can do this, so it's best to find out about soil depletion by the appearance of the plants. If the plants are distinguished by a painful leaf color, a poorly bloomed flower on the buds last season, or the plants did not grow at all, then the soil just needs additional feeding.

And also do not forget about the weeds, which serve as a kind of indicator of the quality of the land. Nettle, woodlice and quinoa grow with pleasure on the nutrient soil, and if mustard, euphorbia or thistle appear on the plot, this indicates a poor composition of the soil.

How to determine the necessary fertilizers

Earth, like all living things, requires care. She feeds the plants and gradually her fertility is depleted. Our task is to replenish the spent reserves so that the gardens are beautiful and healthy. Spring feeding will help us in this. For a start, it is important to determine the appropriate type of fertilizer and correctly calculate the required rate in order not to cause harm. Fertilizers are divided into organic and mineral.

To determine which nutrients are not enough in the soil, it is necessary to do its analysis in a special laboratory. However, it should be noted that the land in the area has been depleted, because of the state of the plants, it can be a small increase, painful leaf color, poor flowering. Some weeds are also an indicator of soil quality. On nutritious soil you will find woodlice, quinoa, nettle, and field mustard, euphorbia, chamomile, thistle will tell about the scarcity of “nutrition”.

In order not to be mistaken with the choice of fertilizers, let's dwell in detail on the properties of each type.

Fertilizer application in spring

A feature of the use of mineral fertilizers in the spring is their convenient distribution in the beginning to melt snow. Melt water provides the necessary moisture to dissolve, washes away harmful chlorine from them, the nutrition penetrates well into the ground. However, if your site has a slope, then mineral dressing should be carried out on wet ground, after a complete melting of snow. Otherwise, all the granules will be washed away with water.

All types of fertilizers are also used for spring digging (mineral, humus, peat). Both types of fertilizer are also added when planted in holes, pits, grooves.

Feeding trees in spring (as well as shrubs) is the distribution of fertilizers around the trunk across the diameter of the crown, followed by mulching. Spring mulching with organic matter will protect all plants from excessive evaporation of moisture, late night frosts.

After reviewing the main types of fertilizers, analyzing their positive and negative sides, the conclusion is that they are all important and suitable for use. Harm to plants is caused not by any specific fertilizers, but by their incorrect, irresponsible use. Therefore, spring dressing of the garden should be carried out correctly, using all necessary organic and mineral fertilizers.

Wood ash

This is a mineral residue.which is formed after burning wood. Ash is considered an excellent potash phosphate and lime fertilizer. It contains many trace elements, with the exception of nitrogen. In the spring she fertilizes the hole, the ash contains a lot of potassium, and it can reduce the acidity of the earth.

Organic matter has many advantages and is able to provide all useful and nutrients to garden plants, but they, in turn, need mineral supplementation.


  • difficulty in making
  • organic availability
  • increased concentration of manure and litter,
  • unpleasant smell
  • if you make a lot of spring, it can lead to fungal diseases, sometimes they contain pest larvae,
  • manure and peat, which are incorrectly mixed with sawdust, can lose nitrogen.