The device of greenhouse beds has certain features. Consider the most common:
- The greenhouse must be placed in a well-lit and open area,
- the long side should be placed on the east side to the west,
- beds must be located on the long side,
- the height of greenhouse beds - no more than 30 - 40 cm,
- width greenhouse beds - 60 - 65 cm,
- passage - no more than 45 - 50 cm.
Standard and low-growing varieties are ideally planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse. When making a greenhouse 3 x 6, 2 beds and 1 pass or 3 beds with 2 longitudinal passes are constructed.
The central bed is designed for planting tall varieties, and the latter are used for undersized and dwarf. This combination of plants is perfect for planting tomatoes in the greenhouse.
Of course, planning depends on the gardener himself. To make it easier to care for the extreme bushes, you need to create a bed of small width. The passage allows you to safely walk around the territory without hurting the plants.
In order for tomatoes to grow well, grow, and give a good harvest, it is necessary to provide them with enough space. Tomatoes should not grow in cramped - it will negatively affect the yield. If there is an extra seedling, it is better to plant it in other places.
Features of accommodation in the greenhouse
It is important to pay attention to the organization of a comfortable microclimate in a polycarbonate greenhouse. One of the favorable conditions for growing is the correct planting of tomatoes in the greenhouse area, so that the bushes are fully provided with light and oxygen.
With proper planting, tomatoes will not lack nutrients in the soil - this will allow them to grow, develop and give good fruit. If you want to harvest a good harvest, you need to carry out their proper planting and to take care of it with high quality and systematic care.
There are three options for placement (the choice must be made, focusing on the variety of tomato):
- The traditional scheme is used for early ripening varieties. Between the rows, the distance should be 0.7 m, and between the bushes - 0.5 m.
- Ribbon - is characterized by plants located in a checkerboard pattern. The distance between the bushes is 0.5 m.
- The combined scheme is used for growing different varieties. The low ones are located along the walls (at a distance of 0.3–0.4 m from each other), and the high ones are planted at the aisle (at a distance of 0.5–0.6 m).
The greenhouse is placed from east to west - this will provide the necessary lighting.
It is important to know how many tomatoes can be placed in a 3x6 room:
- undersized varieties - planted about 200 units, in one hole 2 bushes each,
- varieties are medium in size - they plant about 40 pieces,
- tall varieties - put about 30 pieces, in a checkerboard pattern,
- very large varieties - placed in one line of 10 - 14 pieces.
If several different types of varieties are planted, it is necessary to calculate the optimal number of planting material in the greenhouse so that the error does not affect the yield.
What affects the placement
As a rule, gardeners planted in the greenhouse several varieties of tomatoes. However, the scheme is affected by some other criteria:
- Wind direction affects temperature control and the presence of drafts in the room. So, tomatoes with poor resistance to temperature changes are best planted against the walls of the greenhouse.
- Lighting. There are varieties that need a lot of light. They must be placed on the sunny side.
- The combination of different varieties. In a small space it is more profitable to plant tomatoes with various characteristics. For example, you can combine light-loving varieties with shade-tolerant.
- The level of livability is an important factor in choosing an accommodation option. These include the location of greenhouse beds, the installation of irrigation systems, lighting, heating and ventilation.
Scheme of planting different varieties
When a comfortable microclimate is provided in the greenhouse, attention should be paid to the planting pattern to collect a good harvest.
Proper arrangement of plants will provide the necessary level of light, moisture and nutrients.
For greenhouses 3x6 make 2 beds with one pass:
- Standard, undersized, dwarf tomatoes are planted with three lines one by one or two bushes per well. The distance between the holes should be about 0.3 - 0.4 meters. In the first case, 200 bushes are planted, and in the second - 180.
- Hybrid and sredneroslye varieties should be placed in two lines on the greenhouse beds. The distance between the bushes is about 0.4 - 0.5 meters. The number of plants is 40 pieces in one line.
- Indeterminantny and tall grades put in chessboard order. To do this, on the greenhouse beds make two lines. The number of tomatoes - 30 - 32 pieces.
- Spreading and especially large varieties are planted in one line by 10 - 12 bushes.
First of all, the placement of plants directly depends on the planted varieties:
- undersized - 60 cm between the lines and 40 cm - from bush to bush,
- tall - 70 cm between rows and 50 cm - the distance from one hole to another.
For easy maintenance, be sure to leave a path that separates the lines. Its width should be 0.1 m. Pay attention to the method of forming the greenhouse bush. For one stem, the distance should be 0.2–0.3 m, for two planted in one hole, 0.35– 0.4 m. The scheme should be carried out with a distance of 80 cm, and between the greenhouse beds - 1 m Holes for stunted varieties should be 20 cm, and for tall ones - 30 cm.
For planting tomatoes, as a rule, use a greenhouse with a height of 50 cm above the bush. This will create favorable conditions for the proper development of tomatoes and fruit ripening.
Competent organization of space in the greenhouse will allow you to get a high-quality and bountiful harvest. The main thing is that the plants do not crowd each other and can develop properly. Observing the simple rules of placing plants, you can easily get beautiful tomatoes.
Peculiarities of growing tomatoes in greenhouses
When choosing tomatoes for greenhouses, many factors should be taken into account: yield, fruiting period, size, disease resistance, tall or short growing variety. You also need to consider some factors of growing tomatoes:
- Air temperaturewhich should be 22 - 24 degrees.
- Watering. Seedlings do not water 2-3 days before planting. The bushes in the greenhouse are watered at intervals of 3-4 days.
- Fertilizer. Usually use 20 g of nitroammofoski containing N16P16K16. They are mixed with the ground so that the roots are not in contact with the fertilizer. 20 g dissolved in 10 liters of water and watered about 10 bushes.
- Pollination. To pollen came to the pestle, you just need to shake the bushes in dry sunny weather. When the greenhouse is ventilated, insects fly in to help pollinate it.
- The soil. It is necessary to remove the top layer of soil before planting tomatoes, as there are many pathogenic bacteria there. To disinfect the soil, 1 tablespoon of copper sulfate is dissolved in 10 liters of water and the beds are shed. Adding peat, sawdust, humus per bucket per 1 square meter will be useful. You can also use wood ash.
What determines the placement of tomatoes in the greenhouse
The scheme of planting tomatoes in the greenhouse depends on the whole complex of conditions:
- From the nature of the illumination of the greenhouse area. We are talking about the distribution of tomatoes, with a variety of adaptive capabilities in relation to the duration and intensity of illumination. Tomatoes are light-loving plants, but they can tolerate some shading. The problem is that among the most varied varieties and hybrids there are tomatoes that absolutely can not tolerate even a small shade. This when placed in a greenhouse must be considered.
- From the wind rose on the plot where the greenhouse is located. It would seem that this is an insignificant factor, because a good greenhouse is poorly blown, and a poorly insulated structure is still blown through. By the way, tomatoes love moderate drafts and do not tolerate suffocating wet immobility. However, it is about the possibility to control the room temperature in the best way possible. Heat-loving tomatoes, which do not tolerate temperature contrasts poorly, are recommended to be planted against the wall into which cold winds do not often blow.
- A significant role in the scheme of rational distribution of tomatoes in the greenhouse is played by the adaptive capabilities of plants. In the construction with a small area it is recommended to plant tomatoes with different adaptive reactions. Especially this rule is relevant for plants with different attitudes to light. With the right combination of light-loving and shade-tolerant plants, much more bushes can be planted than with a set of varieties with similar requirements for environmental features.
- In a well-equipped and well-groomed greenhouse, tomatoes can be placed much more densely and more efficiently than in a room that has not yet been fully equipped. Under the equipped greenhouse means: the location of the beds, effective ventilation systems, water supply and heating.
Here are the most important factors that influence decision making. Of course, in some special conditions, unusual circumstances may appear, but it is better to form a scheme based on universal situations.
How many tracks are better to do
In a small room you cannot create many different tracks. However, several very acceptable options can be considered.
The scheme with 1 path in the middle of the greenhouse. If you create only 2 beds in a greenhouse, then you will have to place the tomatoes in 3 rows on each side. In order for planting density to be optimal, it is necessary to select varieties with the maximum variety of growth and needs for light.
At the walls you need to plant tomatoes sunbearing and stunted. Behind them are placed varieties growing somewhat higher than their neighbors. Tomatoes can be placed at the edge of the paths only shade-tolerant, because here the plants will have lateral shading.
In this regard, the appearance of unfilled space. This means only the fact that a person will be able to plant a couple of smaller bushes. However, this does not mean that no plants can be planted in the empty land that will be comfortable in the light shade of a tomato.
As you can see, the 1-track scheme creates some problems. There will be difficulties in the care of the bushes. For example, tomatoes planted near the wall or hidden in the depths of the beds will be inaccessible for many works with them and the ground. We'll have to walk along the beds between densely planted bushes.
When planning beds in 2 lanes it will be difficult to properly master the floor space. If compact varieties are planted, the following scheme can be formed: (2x80) + (3x50) = 310 cm. As a result, 10 cm is not enough for a maximum configuration of plantings. If you plant higher tomatoes, you can do it as follows: (2x90) + (3x60) = 360 cm
A combination of 1 single row and 2 double row beds is possible. This will ease some plant placement problems.
5 rows in such a greenhouse are considered the best option. With this scheme you can put 75 bushes with an interval of 45 cm.
Optimal distances between specimens and rows
To ensure optimum illumination and the ability to be positioned in width, it is recommended to adhere to the following standards.
- When planting tall tomatoes is recommended to do 2 rows in a checkerboard pattern. Intervals between rows should be about 85 cm, between instances - at least 60 cm.
- Low-growing varieties are better planted in a checkerboard pattern in 2 rows. Row spacing should be about 45 cm of free space.
- Determinant single-stem varieties are planted in rows at 47 cm intervals, 24 cm space should be left between the specimens.
- If mixed options are used, the scheme can be formed as follows. Along the outer wall 1 row of short and single-stem tomato is planted. Between it, you need to leave a free space of 40-45 cm. In the 2nd row are tall varieties. The free space between each plant is determined to be 65 cm. Between the 1 and 2 rows, it is possible to plant standard varieties, determining the interval between the specimens of 27 cm.
A greenhouse of this size cannot be called spacious for the cultivation of tomatoes of different varieties and adaptive capabilities.
For this purpose, it is better to build a large greenhouse. However, in dealing with what is, you have to expect multiple schemes and come up with all sorts of combinations. But as a result of such works it will be possible to gather a large crop in a small area of the enclosed space.
Indeterminate varieties of tomatoes in the greenhouse
From the school course it is known that the plant requires a certain area of living space, which provides it with food, moisture, and sun. These requirements of plants in greenhouse conditions are met by locating and placing the number of seedlings per unit area.
Device greenhouse beds г
In small summer and suburban areas, small greenhouses are usually laid out with an area of 3x6 m.
- Have a greenhouse in an open area with a convenient approach.
- The long side of the greenhouse is always facing from east to west, which contributes to a better and more durable lighting.
- In the greenhouse, ridges are always located along the long sides of the structure.
- The height of the ridges relative to the tracks should be easy to care for, no more than 30-40 cm in height relative to the tracks.
- The optimum width of the beds with a one-sided approach is 60-65 cm, with double aisles (more profitable double) - 90-100 cm. It is better to leave passes not less than 45-50 cm. Convenient width of the tracks for work in the greenhouse 60 or more, see Narrow paths are inconvenient, the edges of the beds are constantly disturbed.
Beds and paths
What types of tomatoes to grow ↑
You can grow any type of tomato, better early ripening varieties, especially in small greenhouses. To successfully cultivate a crop, it is imperative that the plants be planted so that each receives a maximum of nutrition, light and air. Therefore, for hothouse tomatoes, the type of bush is important, on which the landing patterns depend.
Indeterminantny grow unlimited and can form up to 50 brushes of fruit on the central shoot when forming in one stalk. Suitable varieties and / or hybrids of this type for the greenhouse conditions of central Russia. In more northern regions, they are more suitable for industrial greenhouses.
Types of Tomato Bushes
Determinant tomatoes are more convenient in home use novice greenhouses. This type is characterized by early and ultra early varieties and hybrids, the latter do not require staking, that is, the formation of a bush. The plants have a limited growth, which ends at 4-5 brush of the fruit. Usually a bush is formed by pinching 2 or 3 stems. These are very convenient varieties and hybrids for small greenhouses.
For planting in small greenhouses we can recommend standard varieties, which are a kind of determinant. They are of short stature with a strong stem that does not require a garter and a cradle, and therefore easier to care for.
Formation of standing density ↑
For the correct operation of polycarbonate greenhouses with full equipment (heat, moisture, lighting, nutrient soil, etc.), it is better to grow tomatoes of indeterminate tall varieties and form them in one to one stem. With a single-stem form, the distance between the bushes can be 30 cm, it is optimal to leave 50 cm between the rows. For a horizontal landing (in 2 rows), seedlings or seeding in the wells are best carried out in a checkerboard pattern. This technology will allow better use of greenhouse space and plant more plant bushes.
Rational arrangement of beds
Tall varieties, formed in several stems, can be planted in one or two rows, be sure to observe the chess order. The gap between the bushes 45-70 cm, between rows 70-80 cm
In small greenhouses with a different coating (reinforced film, ordinary double, bubble, etc.) large yields form low-growing determinant varieties. They are formed in the form of a bush in 2 or 3 stems, sometimes they do not stepchild at all. In such conditions it is more expedient to grow early-ripening varieties. Landing can be carried out in 2 rows, observing chess order. The free space in the row is 40 cm, between the rows of 50-60 cm.
If greenhouse conditions allow, you can combine several varieties of tomatoes of different types. In this case, the extreme beds are occupied by stunted tomatoes, and the central bed with the highest distance from the ceiling is indeterminate. This technology will allow the family to provide fresh vegetables for a longer period.
Planting schemes of tomatoes ↑
The location of tomato seedlings depends on the size of the greenhouse and its operation.
For home use in greenhouses with three beds more often used single-row planting of seedlings in the extreme beds (near the wall) and the two-row in the central bed.
- If the greenhouse has only two beds, then the landing pattern can be left single-row or, depending on the type of tomato plants, two-row chess.
Tomatoes in greenhouses
– Если теплица средних размеров (4х8 м), то можно использовать многострочный способ посадки (2-3 ряда образуют строчку) для средней грядки и ленточно-гнездовую для крайних грядок. При применении такой схемы используют соответствующий маркер и высаживают рассаду на пересечении планок маркера.
Выбирая схему посадки, нужно руководствоваться 3 основными правилами:
- оптимально занять площадь теплицы,
- создать растению оптимальные условия
- иметь свободный доступ к каждому растению.
При устройстве двух грядок ↑
Грядки располагают вдоль длинных сторон. If they are above ground, then their height will be 30-40 cm from the level of the greenhouse path. The width of the beds is 90-100 cm, the rest of the area will go under the path where the tools, a small wheelbarrow, watering hoses and other devices will not be located that do not obstruct the approach to the beds.
In such a greenhouse, you can use the square-nest or two-line method of planting seedlings. Shrubs for ease of care should be arranged in a checkerboard pattern. If the distance between plants is 40 cm, and between rows 60, then 60 bushes can be planted.
Calculation: 600: 40 = 15 bushes will take 1 row of tomatoes. There will be 4 such rows on 2 beds. Calculation: 15x4 = 60 bushes.
In the greenhouse 2 ridges
If there are three beds in the greenhouse ↑
This is a more convenient option, there is less "walking" area, then the calculation is as follows. The extreme beds along the walls make a width of 60-65 cm, an average bed of 90-100 (double) and two lanes of 40 cm each. The width of the lanes can be increased by narrowing the extreme beds to 50 cm.
With such an internal arrangement of the greenhouse, the extreme rows can be occupied by determinant varieties of tomatoes, since the height of the walls is lower than in the center of the greenhouse. Pick up early ripening varieties of medium height. When buying seeds, be sure to fully familiarize yourself with all the characteristics of the variety or hybrid.
On the middle bed, two rows of indeterminate varieties or tomato hybrids can be placed in a staggered manner and form them into one stem. To condense the distance to 30-35 cm. With a row length of 600 cm, we get: 600: 30 = 20 bushes in a row. An average bed has 2 rows of 30x2 = 60 bushes on an average bed.
In the greenhouse 3 ridges
Extreme rows occupy determinant varieties, forming 2 stalks, that is, the distance in the row will increase by an average of 10 cm and will be 40 cm. Plant the seedlings in an ordinary way, as the bushes are more voluminous and require a larger feeding area. Calculate the number of bushes: 600: 40 = 15 bushes in a row. In total, at the extreme ridges, 15x2 = 30 bushes are obtained. In general, the greenhouse will house 60 + 30 = 90 bushes of tomatoes with a prolonged harvest period.
For the extreme beds we select early early ripening varieties, for the middle beds the middle early and middle ripening varieties. Each row can be planted with different varieties and hybrids for ripening speed, fruit quality indicators, and get a conveyor of tasty products.
In greenhouses of other sizes, calculations of the number of bushes are carried out in a similar way, taking into account planting schemes.
What is dangerous thickening landings
If the bushes are planted too thick, this leads to their shading, which means that the fruits are ripening late. Plants with a strong root system hinder the development of weaker ones.
Thickening landing complicate care. The probability of occurrence of diseases and the appearance of pests due to the contact of the leaves of a diseased shrub with a healthy one increases.
Additional Information! Thick plantings can create a lack of moisture and nutrition, delay maturity, which will lead to a significant reduction in yield.
However, with rare placement of seedlings in the greenhouse, the use of the area will be irrational. Therefore, when acquiring seeds, it is necessary to find out what species the variety belongs to. Depends on this distance, which must be maintained during planting, and care, which will require a plant.
Important! The yield of tomatoes depends largely on the correct placement of the seedlings and the distance between the bushes.
That is why gardeners should know at what distance to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse, what should be the scheme of planting tomatoes in the greenhouse. The information provided will help give
At what distance can you plant tomatoes in a greenhouse
When planting seedlings in the greenhouse, you need to remember that during the entire time of growth, fruiting and harvesting the tomatoes need to create comfortable conditions for growth. All season is required to water, weed, feed, stepchild, spray and spud bushes. That is, it is necessary to provide free access to each plant.
To provide the best conditions for the growth and development of tomatoes in the greenhouse, it is necessary to follow the established rules and conditions, one of the main ones is the use of a specific planting scheme: planting tomatoes at a certain distance between the bushes. The frequency of planting bushes depends on the variety.
Observing certain landing patterns, there are obvious advantages:
- prevention of the occurrence of pests and diseases, the probability of which increases with thickened plantings,
- provision of tomatoes with sufficient area for development,
- ease of care for planting tomatoes, ease of performing all the necessary procedures (watering, feeding, etc.).
Correct landing distance
The distance between the bushes when planting seedlings is determined by the type of tomato, there are three of them.
Undersized or standard:
- plant height does not exceed 50 cm,
- the root system is compact,
- thick sturdy trunks
- no garter needed.
Undersized or standard
Low-growing varieties are planted in 6 - 7 bushes per square meter.
- height is up to 1,5 m (the plant itself limits growth),
- it is necessary to form a bush
- Planted 3 - 4 bushes per square meter.
- intensive growth
- height over 3 m
- need garter, pinching, pinching.
On a note. On one square meter planted no more than 2 bushes.
There are several technologies for planting seedlings.
The most common - landing rows. With this method, make markup and planted seedlings in rows. This method requires large areas that are not suitable for greenhouses.
With parallel planting between the aisles, two rows are made, which saves space, but the convenience of plant care remains. So you can plant any variety, regardless of the height of the bushes. The distance between the bushes in a row varies from 60 to 65 cm, between rows - 25-45 cm, depending on the height of the bushes. The passage between the beds is 80-100 cm. Such a scheme is used when planting seedlings in a greenhouse.
On a note! Some shade bushes is considered a disadvantage of this method.
When planting low-growing and high-growing varieties at the same time, they use a combined planting scheme, when high ones are planted in the middle of the beds, and low-growing ones - at the edges, which provides free access to any bush. Space is saved, the method is suitable for greenhouses.
How to calculate the density of transplanting tomatoes
For planting use 2 - 3 beds - this is the best scheme for planting tomatoes in a greenhouse measuring 3 × 6 meters.
Tomato planting scheme
Two beds are placed along the side walls of the greenhouse from polycarbonate, their width does not exceed 1 m. You can use a parallel planting of seedlings, but it is better to place the bushes in a checkerboard pattern. This will allow approximately 60 bushes to land. Planting tomatoes in the greenhouse is made so that the distance between the bushes complies with the standards for a particular variety.
If you organize 3 beds according to the scheme: the extreme along the walls are 60 cm wide, and the middle one is 1 m, the width of each path between the beds will be 40 cm.
It is recommended to plant low-growing early varieties on extreme beds, middle-grown tall tomatoes on the middle one. This placement will provide sufficient lighting all bushes.
Note! For each row, you can plant varieties with different ripening terms. Such a landing will allow you to place up to 90 bushes.
In the greenhouse 3 × 8 m can be placed on 40 bushes more.
Planting rules for tall varieties of tomato in the greenhouse
Each variety of tomatoes should be planted in a specific pattern.
Most gardeners prefer to grow tall varieties in the greenhouse, with a smaller number of bushes and a occupied area, you can get a high yield and they will bear fruit until the autumn.
Tall Tomato Varieties
When growing tall varieties, space is significantly saved, because a single stalk gives you up to 10 fruit brushes and you do not need to plant a large number of bushes to get a good harvest.
Tall varieties are planted, keeping the distance between the bushes 50 - 70 cm, and between rows - 70 - 100 cm.
Important! Do not forget to tie up the bushes of tall varieties to the supports.
Low-growing varieties are grown in the greenhouse and greenhouse, mostly early ripening, due to the early harvest. They do not require much space: it is enough to leave between bushes up to 30 cm, and an interrow spacing up to 50 cm.
Tips and tricks gardeners
Before planting seedlings, it is necessary to carefully prepare the greenhouse.
Begin with soil preparation. In the spring they dig it up, adding humus and complex mineral fertilizers. 7 - 10 days before transplanting, it is necessary to disinfect the ground in order to destroy the larvae of hibernating pests and free them from pathogens of various diseases.
Note! Greenhouse conditions created artificially should have a positive effect on the planted tomatoes, promote plant adaptation and rapid growth.
If you have to plant a small number of bushes (10 - 15), you can do without planning. When planting whole beds, it is necessary to count the right amount of seedlings. To determine the size of the beds and the passages between them. Have all the tools and materials for marking:
- measuring meter or marker (wooden board) for a clear application of the location of the holes.
When choosing the location of seedlings in a greenhouse or greenhouse, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the placement of bushes that differ from planting in open ground. Because of the limited area of the greenhouses, it is necessary to save the useful area, rationally using it.
On a note. Large gaps between the bushes stimulate the growth of leaves, contribute to the emergence of a significant number of branches, slow down the ripening of fruits.
Important! When too dense planting, there is a lack of sunlight and the resulting nutrition, which can lead to the destruction of the bushes.
It is necessary to consider the average recommended rates when placing seedlings:
- per plant ensure an area of at least 0.3 square meters,
- the distance between the bushes in the same row - 40 cm
- between rows 50 - 60 cm.
These values vary depending on the type and variety of tomatoes.
Belt landing pattern
Plantings should not be thickened, plants will not receive enough light and nutrients, and the likelihood of diseases and pests will also increase.
When choosing a place, it is necessary to consider which crops were grown here last season. Undesirable predecessors:
Tomatoes will feel comfortable where they were previously grown:
After marking the beds begin to create holes, their diameter depends on the selected varieties:
- 20 cm - for undersized tomatoes,
- 30 cm - for tall.
The depth of the hole: 12 - 15 cm.
In the prepared wells pour 2 liters of hot solution of potassium permanganate slightly pink in color. When the liquid is absorbed, a seedling with an earthy clod is set in the well, deepening to the first lower leaves. From above fill up the friable earth, slightly condense and mulch with peat or humus.
On a note. When the plants grow, it is necessary to monitor and remove in time the lower leaves and the emerging stepchildren.
For high yield, the placement of seedlings in the greenhouse plays an important role. When planting tomato seedlings, it is necessary to adhere to the recommended standards, correctly mark the beds and passages between them in order to create favorable conditions for the development of tomatoes, to get free access to each plant and to ensure proper care.
Which varieties are better to choose?
There are early ripening, mid-ripening and late ripening varieties. Any suitable for greenhouses. The main thing is that all of them are self-pollinated and adapted for closed ground.
Often in such greenhouses is not very good air circulation, and it is often possible to find empty flowers.
For planting in greenhouses are often used:
- Determinant types of tomatoeswhose height is about 80-150 cm. With proper care after 6-8 ovaries, the tomatoes give all their strength to form fruits on the bushes. For example, Rocket, White Bulk, Nevsky or Demidov.
- Indeterminant speciesthat grow throughout the growing season. Constantly appear new ovaries, flowers and fruits. For example, Cherokee, Miracle of the Earth, Star Gold or the Necessary Size.
Below you can watch a video about the most suitable varieties of tomatoes for the greenhouse:
How many bushes can be planted, at what distance and how to do it correctly?
- Polycarbonate greenhouse should be well lit so that the plants do not stretch.
- Well, if there is a drip irrigation system with warm water. It is possible to install a tank in the greenhouse in which water will heat up and settle.
- Ventilation required.
- Insulate the soil with hay or straw to avoid the return of frost.
- Make the hole depth of 20 cm through a distance of 30-50cm.
- Pour into every 1-2 liters of water.
- Lay the seedlings in the wells, early varieties, 2 pieces each, later ones one by one.
- Cover the hole with soil and compact the soil.
- Cut leaves that touch the ground.
Despite the fact that there are more comfortable conditions in the greenhouse, it is necessary to harden the tomatoes before planting, bringing them outside, gradually increasing the time.
Determine at what distance to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse
To plant tomatoes at the required intervals, it must be remembered that during the whole growth and development of a tomato, they need to be weeded, pasynkovali, sprayed, spud and fed.
They also need a basal watering, so you need to leave room for access to each bush.
When choosing the location of seeds in the greenhouse, you need to take into account features that are different from planting in open ground. Since the greenhouses are mostly small in size, this forces space to be saved, and it is not possible to make mistakes when seating.
Too wide placement between bushes:
- It leads to the stimulation of green mass growth,
- The plant begins to branch strongly
- Keep up later
- Due to weak branches, fruits do not hold well and fall prematurely.
Too close planting of tomatoes is harmful because plants do not get all the necessary nutrients and many die. Also, plants are at risk of mutually transmitting diseases. When choosing tall plants, they need to be placed with an interval of 47-59 cm, if the plants are short, then 40 cm will do.
The best scheme of planting tomatoes in the greenhouse 3x6 meters
In greenhouses 3x6 m usually use 2-3 beds. 2 beds are planted along the walls of the greenhouse, usually not more than 1 m wide. You can use a square-bush or two-line planting of seedlings. It is better to arrange the bushes in a staggered manner, with such a landing you can land about 60 bushes. With 3 beds, the extreme ones are located along walls 60 cm wide, the average bed is usually about 1 m, as it is double. The tracks between the ridges are usually 40 cm.
In the extreme beds, it is better to have early-maturing varieties, in the middle - medium-early and mid-ripening.
In each row, you can plant different varieties and hybrids with different maturation rates, on average, with such a planting, you can plant about 90 bushes. Accordingly, if the greenhouse has a size of 3x8 m, then this will increase the number of bushes by another 40 pieces! To get the maximum yield, you need to correctly plan a place for planting tomatoes.
There is a huge variety of options for each gardener, he has his own, but you can select a standard seating:
- Low-growing and early ripening varieties are planted in a checkerboard pattern with double rows with a distance of 50 cm, 2-3 stems are formed. 40 cm distance between bushes
- Determinant or shtambovy grade are planted at intervals of 47 cm, and between the bushes - 25 cm.
- Tall varieties can also be placed in a staggered manner with an interval of 75 cm, and the distance between custs, if 1 stalk, then 60 cm, if 2 stalks, then 75 cm.
- When planting different varieties of plants, 2 rows are made.
The first row is made about the film on the edge of the greenhouse. Plants of deterministic shootings are planted there - 1 stem, followed by stem stemming. The intercustal interval is 40 cm. The second row is formed at the inner passage. Tall varieties are planted there with a distance of 60 cm, they are also formed in 1 stalk. At a distance of 10 cm, stem superdeterminant plants are planted, they are also placed in 1 stem. Such a landing pattern will provide harvest for the entire season.
The required distance between the tomatoes in the greenhouse
Before the beginning of the landing stage of the future tomatoes, it is necessary to prepare a greenhouse, platforms for planting vegetables. It is necessary to treat responsibly the stage of preparation in order to artificially create greenhouse conditions for the adaptation of fragile seedlings and further, in order for them to yield a crop of tomatoes. To do this, it is necessary to disinfect the soil 9 days before planting, since a huge number of parasites and pathogens are located in it.
- 9 cm soil layer is removed,
- The rest is well treated with copper sulfate solution,
- To make a solution, you need to take 1 tbsp per 9 liters of water,
- After the disinfection of the soil, it must be loosened,
- Then unnecessary weeds are harvested, and the soil is fertilized.
One of the options for fertilizer can be made independently. Approximately 7 kg of rotted sod is taken, 1 t of charcoal is added to it. This mixture feeds place for seedlings.
You can also use another mixture for fertilizer. Берётся 12 кг песчаной смеси либо керамзита на 1 м 2 грунта. Непосредственно саженцы высаживают в прогретый грунт, температура которого, при углублении на 21 см, составляет выше 14 ᵒС. Чтобы прогреть почву, надо заранее накрыть ее черной пленкой. Для этого же эффекта, заливается непосредственно в лунки перед самой посадкой теплая вода.
The necessary microclimate for normal growth and development of a tomato is achieved only thanks to these procedures; it is because of them that it is possible to plant seedlings several weeks earlier than the generally accepted terms.
Before the direct planting of the bushes, the soil is watered with a solution of potassium permanganate heated to 48-59 ° C, the solution is made at the rate of 1 g of potassium permanganate per 9 liters of water. In order to prolong the operation time of the greenhouse itself, it is necessary to take a layer of dense film and wrap it around the greenhouse, this will provide additional insulation, and reduce the risk of wear of the external facing material of the greenhouse itself.
How to properly place tomatoes in the greenhouse
If you are engaged in gardening creatively and approaching the process only with love and good mood, then no pests or diseases will be scary to the plants, which later will give a good harvest of your favorite vegetables!
You can be sure that the products are safe for health only because the control of the growing process is made directly by the gardener himself, who does not use chemical elements for increased growth, and does not harm his crop!
How a variety of tomatoes affects the choice of planting scheme
The most promising varieties for cultivation in greenhouses are medium and tall tomatoes. The first form in 2 trunk, subjecting to removal of the other side shoots, the second - in 1 trunk.
Usually sredneroslye tomatoes forming 8-10 brushes stop their growth, so in order to prolong their livelihoods, it is recommended to leave 1 strong stepson.
Tall tomatoes are the most productive, when grown in a greenhouse, they are able to please during the season a bountiful harvest - up to 12-18 kg. Their main feature is the ability to grow to 3-3.5 m in height. Because of their low productivity, low-growing varieties are practically not cultivated under greenhouse conditions, with the exception of early ripening hybrid forms. They are usually not pinched, so they grow to form several stems.
Attention! The type of tomato grown is influenced by the choice of a plantation for planting tomato seedlings in a greenhouse.
The benefits of complying with certain planting patterns of tomatoes in a greenhouse are:
- in the simplicity and convenience of caring for plants, carrying out typical procedures - basal irrigation, feeding, pasynkovaniya,
- in the prevention of the appearance of pests and diseases, the risk of which increases depending on the degree of thickening,
- providing plants with the space necessary for normal development.
Each planted tomato bush in a greenhouse should receive the necessary amount of light and air.
Possible planting schemes in the greenhouse
Traditionally, the beds are divided along the long walls of the greenhouse (3x6 m) and can be arranged:
- 2 beds 1.1-1.2 m wide with one wide aisle,
- 3 beds of 0.6-0.7 m wide and 2 passes between them.
If there are 2 wide beds in the greenhouse, the planting of tomato seedlings can be carried out according to a two-line scheme, which is intended for placement as follows:
- for undersized varieties arranged in a zigzag form - the distance between the seedlings in one line is up to 40 cm, between the rows on one bed - about 50-60 cm, the size of the wide aisle - about 80 cm,
- for medium-sized varieties - the distance in the same row between plants is up to 30 cm, between rows on one bed is about 60 cm, the size of the wide aisle between the beds is 80-90 cm. At the same time, the bushes can be placed opposite each other or in a checkerboard pattern,
- for tall varieties - the distance between the seedlings in one line is about 50 cm, between rows on one bed is about 70-80 cm, the size of the wide aisle between the beds is 80-90 cm. At the same time, shrubs should be planted in a zigzag.
If there are 3 narrow beds in the greenhouse, you can plant tomato seedlings in the following way:
- for undersized varieties planted in one line - the distance in the same row between plants is up to 40 cm,
- for sredneroslyh varieties planted in 2 rows - the distance in the same row between the bushes of seedlings - up to 50 cm, between rows on the same bed - about 30 cm, the size of the passage - not less than 50 cm. To avoid thickening with a similar planting scheme, tomato seedlings are recommended checker,
- for tall varieties planted in 1 row - the distance between the seedlings is 50-60 cm, the size of the passage between the beds is 50-60 cm. At the same time, the bushes on the adjacent beds should be planted in a staggered manner.
Formation of tomato bushes
After 4-5 days after planting tomato seedlings on the beds, medium and tall varieties should be tied to the trellis.
For tying tomatoes can be used 2 types of trellis:
- frame, representing two supports, installed on opposite ends of the beds, between which with a distance of 40 cm cords are stretched parallel to each other,
- linear, representing also two supports, installed along both edges of the bed, but interconnected along the top by one crossbar, from which 1 rope support is lowered down to each bush.
Tip! To prevent the tomato stems from being injured due to the garter on the supports, you should use soft materials, such as twine or cloth, cut into ribbons 3-4 cm wide.
As the seedlings grow, plants form in 1 or 2 stems, providing them with good light and air flow. To do this, side shoots are pinned by hand in such a way that a two-centimeter stump remains, as well as carrying out scraping (pinching the top) of the bush, after reaching their desired height. In addition, the number of ovaries on the tomatoes should be controlled, leaving no more than 7-9 floral brushes on each plant.
The use of recommended planting schemes will ensure that the tomato bushes growing in the greenhouse are necessary for normal development and good yielding space, and will prevent the occurrence of diseases and damage by pests.
Vegetable growing schemes in greenhouses of various sizes
For 3x4 greenhouses, a two-line or three-line tomato planting scheme is used.. Low-growing varieties are planted, as a rule, on a two-line diagram.
In a 3x4 greenhouse, you can place 132 or 78 bushes, depending on whether you planted one or a couple of pieces in one hole.
Mid-season and hybrid varieties are planted in two rows on a bed. It turns out about 24 bushes. High varieties are planted in two rows in a staggered manner. In such a greenhouse will be comfortable 20 bushes.
In a greenhouse with a layout of 3 by 6 meters, a two-line or three-line tomato planting scheme is used. A comfortable amount here will be 200 bushes, if planted 2 pieces in one hole, or 120 - when planting each bush separately.
How many tomatoes can be planted in a 3 by 6 greenhouse? Srednerosly tomatoes get 40 bushes. High varieties - 32 shrubs.
Between plants usually make the interval width of 30-50 cmso, if you plant 3 rows of 2 bushes in each well, then 264 pieces will be released. In case each plant has its own hole, they will make 162 pieces.
Sredneroslye species are planted in 2 rows with an interval of 50cm. Thus, there will be 52 tomato bushes. Tall varieties are planted in 2 rows in a staggered manner at a distance of 70 cm from each other. Get 44 bush. It is better to plant tomatoes-trees at a distance of 1 meter between plants. They will be 18 in two lines.
Suitable for standard and determinant types of tomatoesthat land in rows. The distance between plants is from 25 to 40 cm.
The distance is about 60 cm between bushes, and 80 cm between rows. For determinant types of tomatoes, this scheme is also suitable. Then between the holes measure out 50 cm in the presence of three stems, and 30 cm - for bushes with one stem.
To make tomatoes happy with their yield, they need to create suitable conditions:
- Air temperature - from 22 to 24 degrees.
- Humidity -70%.
- It is necessary to feed plants monopotassium phosphate and potassium nitrate together with watering once a week.
- Disinfect the soil before planting.
- If pollinating is necessary, shake bushes during flowering or attract bees, wasps and bumblebees with sweet kvass and compotes.
Then you can watch the video, which describes in detail how to organize care for tomatoes in the greenhouse:
- Invalid seed selection. For large volumes of planting fit hybrid varieties. They are less sick, and they have higher yields.
- Wrong landing place. For example, street varieties are planted in a greenhouse, and greenhouse varieties in open ground.
- Thick plastic film for greenhouses.
- Hour light and high air temperature.
- Daily watering and falling water on the leaves.
- Lateness with staving, when the height of the shoots is already more than 4 cm. It is better to graze in the morning and when the shoots are still small.
- Manure fertilizer. As a result, plants form powerful shoots and large leaves to the detriment of fruits.
- Refusal to prevent disease.
- Preparation of seeds of hybrids for further cultivation.
For good growth and development, the lighting period should be at least 12 hours a day. To do this, greenhouses are often used in greenhouses.