Cherry is a valuable and useful dietary product. Today, many gardeners prefer unpretentious and at the same time high-yielding varieties of cherries. Cherry variety Molodezhnaya perfectly combines these qualities, described in this article.
The main characteristics of the variety Youth
The youth variety of the cherry variety was bred by Kh. D. Enikeev together with S.N. Saratov. They crossed two sorts of cherries among themselves: Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. In 1993, the resulting cherry variety was listed in the state register.
Cherry Youth in the form of a bush
This variety of cherry grows in the central region and in the Urals. Cherry Youth can grow in the form of a tree or a bush. The height of a tree or shrub grows to 2.5 meters. The foliage of a tree or bush forms a rounded shape, a little drooping. The leaves are of medium size, bright green color.
The inflorescences of the plant consist of five or seven flowers, the diameter of which is 1.8-3 cm. The flowers are white, the stamens and pistil are equal in height, which allows the plant to self-pollinate.
Youth belongs to the self-fertile varieties. This variety will soon be pleased with its fruits. Already in the fourth year the tree begins to bear fruit. And four years later, vigorous fruiting begins, which persists until the plant reaches 15–20 years.
Flowering begins in mid-May, and by mid-July, you can harvest berries. During the period of fruiting one bush or tree can produce from 10 to 12 kg of berries.
Cherry color youth
Variety Molodezhnaya has average winter hardiness. Flower buds are also moderately resistant. In this species of cherry wood, the average degree of opposition to diseases such as coccomycosis and moniliasis., as well as to various microorganisms.
Description of cherry berries
Fruits are formed on the branches of the last year or bouquets.
Fruits of a grade of cherry Youth
The berries have a sweet-sour taste, dense, juicy dark red flesh.. Their weight reaches five grams. Medium-sized bone is quite easily separated from the pulp. The berries are oblong. Dense fruits are resistant to transportation and mechanical damage.
In the taste of fruit, sweetness prevails, therefore often used in the preparation of a variety of dessert dishes. Berries are great for fresh consumption.
Positive and negative qualities
Youth has many positive qualities.
These include the following characteristics:
- good tolerance by flowering buds to lower air temperature,
- plant resistance to the effects of fungal diseases
- berries are convenient to transport, as they are quite dense,
- the self-fertility of the cherry makes it possible to pollinate neighboring non-self-fruiting plants,
- the plant is resistant to a decrease in air temperature and to dry periods in summer,
- The berries contain a large amount of vitamins, microelements, pectins.
However, along with the advantages of this species, there are some features that should be considered when cultivating:
- every year the plant must be treated with fungicides to prevent various diseases,
- it is necessary to carefully select a place for landing, the ideal option is a plain with gentle winds,
- every year it is necessary to make dressing with phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium,
- to avoid overgrowing, the plant should be regularly cut.
These features of care in no way detract from the value of Youth.
Where and at what time to plant?
The location for the Molodezhnaya Cherry is preferable to choose on a low hill that is not blown by the winds and at the same time gets enough sunlight.
It is necessary to plant seedlings either in early spring or early autumn (end of September). So the plant adapts to the winter cold and calmly overwinter. With later planting times, the risk that the plant will not apply is increased.
Proper planting cherries Youth
Stages of planting seedlings:
- Dig a hole about 80 cm in diameter and 40 to 50 cm deep. At the bottom of the hole lay a dressing, which includes: manure, nitrogen and phosphate. You should not plant a plant with damaged roots - they are better to slowly cut. Top dressing will help the seedling to settle down better and faster on the spot.
- Neatly put the roots of the plant in the hole and sprinkle with earth.
- In a circle around the seedlings need form a hole. To carry out its mulching with the help of humus, sawdust, small brick or expanded clay. So when watering water will be better to linger and soak up the root system of the plant.
- Before the first fruiting is necessary lime treatment plants.
When planting a 2-year-old sapling it is necessary to strike a pruning. First of all, all shoots are cut off at an angle of 90 degrees from the branches. Further the plant “skeleton” is planned - three main branches. All branches are cut around the main branches, in addition to those that extend at right angles from the trunk.
Cherry Care Rules
Although cherry is a rather unpretentious plant. To obtain a rich harvest, you must follow some rules in caring for it.
- Every year it is necessary to carry out the treatment of funcidal drugs. This is to protect the plant from various fungal diseases. Especially carefully you need to approach this issue if in the neighborhood of a cherry tree an already infected tree grows.
- It is necessary to regularly apply top dressing to the soil.. To do this, in the spring it is necessary to fertilize youth nitrogen fertilizer, and in the fall - potash and phosphate fertilizers. A positive effect on the growth and development of cherries has fertilizing from compost or manure.
- To improve yields, pruning should be done annually.. Particularly long branches are cut off and young strong and bouquet branches grow in their place. Berries soon appear on these branches. Plant height is best kept in the range of 2 to 2.5 meters. At the same time the quantity and quality of fruits will improve.
- Measures for pruning branches and tops of cherries provide additional inflow of sunlight and prevent thickening of the crown.
- The plant loves water and needs regular watering.. This is especially true during the dry summer.
- Preparing the plant for wintering much attention should be paid to the root system. For protection from rodents and freezing tree roots are covered with peat or moss.
If all recommendations are followed, the plant will long be happy with a large and tasty harvest.
How to properly collect and place cherries in storage
Harvesting should start from the twentieth of July. The period of fruiting ends in August.
Frozen cherry youth variety
In order for the berry to be kept fresh for a long time, it is necessary to carefully sort it. Only dense berries are left for storage, without external damage, the color of the stem is green.. Prepare the prepared container (tray, box) with paper. Put berries on the bottom. At the same time the layer of berries should not exceed ten centimeters. Remove the container with the berry stored in the refrigerator. The temperature should be between 0 ° C and + 2 ° C. In this form, the fruit is stored for two weeks.
You can also make a variety of compotes, jam, jam or jams of cherries and enjoy them all year.
Features inherent in the variety Molodozhnaya
- Even if only one plant of this species is planted on the site, the harvest will be received in one hundred percent of cases. This is due to the ability to self-pollination and the successful structure of flowers - the pistil and stamens are of equal height.
- When planting a seedling with its own roots, the crop will be already 3-4 years old.. And if the tree is properly grafted, berries can form even earlier than this period.
- Great confrontation to various fungal diseases.
- Negative feature is accelerated overgrowing.. Therefore, it is necessary to remove unnecessary branches in a timely manner so as not to obscure the sunlight.
Cherry exposure to youth exposed to diseases and pests
Youth, unlike many other varieties of cherries, is resistant to fungal diseases.
The most dangerous disease for this variety is moniliasis.. In this disease, branches gradually dry out. In this case, the plant may be completely affected by this disease, as well as its individual parts.
The fruits of the cherry Youth are affected by monilioz
When establishing this disease, it is necessary to trim all diseased branches indented 15-20 cm to the healthy parts of the branch. Cut branches must be disposed of to prevent the spread of the disease.
Cherry Youth is subject to monilial burnwhich manifests itself during the flowering of flowers. To cure, it is necessary to spray the leaves of the plant with a special solution. This disease is also spreading rapidly, so you need to carefully monitor the nearby trees.
Cherry Youth is affected by monilial burn
When the leaves appear on the plant need to pay more attention to it. Especially if the color changes quite quickly and the leaves turn purple. This may signal a disease or a lack of nitrogen fertilizer in the soil.
Reviews of amateur gardeners about Molodezhnaya
Vladimir: In my garden ripe berries Youth. I liked it very much! The taste of berries pleased, more sweet than sour. The only drawback is the height of the bush, only 50 cm from the ground.
Nikolay: Raised Youth near Chocolate. So many berries for the season have never seen. Trees are literally sprinkled with cherries!
Michael: With grade Youth is familiar. A large number of positive properties. The plant is productive, self-fertile, tolerates winter well. The berries hang on the bushes for a rather long time and do not crumble.
Youth cherry variety is the favorite of a large number of summer residents. The plant is distinguished by high yield due to self-fertility. It is even cultivated on an industrial scale.
Cherry Orchard, the immature fruit of the cherry Youth
Berries are large, with dense and juicy pulp are perfectly stored and transported.
There are no complicated nuances in the cultivation of this variety. It is enough just to get down to dealing with responsibility and love and a rich harvest is soon ensured.
Description cherry Youth
The first success factor was the choice of a parental pair for a new cultural variety. For crossing, the breeders of the All-Russian Breeding-Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery took old, long-proven and well-established varieties. H.D. Enikeev and S.N. Satarov was not mistaken. Cherry Vladimirskaya and Lyubskaya transferred their best features to a new plant.
As Vladimir cherries, the variety Molodezhnaya belongs to the bushy variety of culture. Medium or undersized plants reach a height of 2–2.5 meters, start to bear fruit at the age of 3-4 years and with proper care for 15–20 years from the tree you can get 10–12 kg of juicy fresh berries. The trees have a wide rounded or drooping crown, not prone to excessive density and allowing to harvest without difficulty, without using high ladders or other devices.
The ovaries of the cherry variety Molodezhnaya are formed on one-year-old shoots, and almost all buds, except the apical, can be flowered. Because of this feature, the trees look unusually bare after harvest. So that over time, the fruiting does not concentrate only on the periphery of the crown, it is important to have proper agricultural technology, in particular, autumn-spring pruning.
According to the description of the variety, the Youth Cherry is bright green, with a frenetic edge of the leaves. On the shoots they are kept by means of short, strong stalks of a greenish-brown color. The central vein is well marked. Medium-sized leaf plates are smoother and darker on the outside than on the back.
Flowers with a diameter of 1.8 to 3 cm are collected in inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. The height of the pistil is almost equal to the height of the stamens, which contributes to pollination even inside the closed bud. Petals are white, touching.
Since this variety of cherry belongs to the self-bearing, even when planting a single tree, the gardener will not remain without a crop. Ovaries, especially in good weather, when there are enough pollinating insects, are formed en masse.
The fruits of Molodezhnaya variety ripening in the second half or at the end of July have a mass of up to 4.5 grams, which is quite good for a variety intended for central Russia. The shape of the berries is oval, the color is rich maroon.
The flesh and juice, like that of Vladimirskaya cherry, are densely colored. The stone can be easily removed from the pulp, while the juicy berry is not wrinkled and can be used in all types of home preservation. This also contributes to the pleasant sweet and sour taste of ripe fruit.
Features agricultural varieties of cherry Youth
Cherry Molodezhnaya refers to late-ripening. The harvest period begins no earlier than July 20 and lasts until the first days of August. Unlike many other varieties of this fruit crop grown in Russia, Molodezhnaya is a self-bearing plant. That is, the formation of the ovary occurs when pollen from the same tree hits the pistil. However, due to the high risk of pollen death at low air temperature, about 8–12 degrees, it is not worth limiting to a single cherry tree in the area.
To obtain stable annual yields, trees are planted at a distance of 3-4 meters from each other. In this case, the bees arriving at the flowering plants will carry out cross-pollination, rendering significant assistance to both the garden and its owner.
Good neighbors for Molodezhnaya Cherry will be varieties with close flowering periods, for example, Lyubskaya, Shubinka, Morozovka, Turgenevka. For the Cherry Molodezhnaya planted by a number of samobzplodnyh varieties, it is a pollinator providing a harvest of sweet wholesome berries.
One of the advantages of the described variety can be considered high, along with Vladimir's cherry, winter hardiness. However, the gardeners of the Moscow region and more northern areas need to remember that tender buds are much more vulnerable during frost than the trunk and skeletal branches, therefore in areas for cherries find places that are closed from the wind, and the crown in winter can be estimated with snow.
Well-wintered trees in spring are in danger. According to the description of the cherry, the Youth variety is not resistant to such dangerous diseases of the stone fruit as moniliosis and coccomycosis. Especially often, fungal infections of trees are affected during a wet prolonged spring and rainy summer.
Secrets of the yield of cherry varieties Youth
In order for the cherry youth depicted in the photo to regularly enjoy a good harvest, the gardener needs to take care of the comfort and health of the plants. Begin by choosing a meta for planting. Cherries do not like the proximity of groundwater, heavy dense soil and cold winds, especially dangerous during flowering and formation of the ovary.
Best for a cherry orchard use places that are protected from the wind, but completely open to the sun.
Landing is carried out in early spring or autumn. As a planting material, one-year-old or two-year-old saplings are used:
- Own-rooted plants begin to bear fruit 2–3 years after planting.
- When planted under circumstances, grafted trees may bring joy to the first berries before.
For a friendly growth and rapid acclimatization, well-rotten organic matter and mineral supplements are added to the landing pits. Then the trees are regularly fed, but do not forget that an excess of nitrogen leads to the mass formation of greenery, which attracts leaf-eating and sucking pests, and in the fall prevents the plant from preparing for wintering.
In the spring, before flowering and immediately after it is completed, the Molodezhnaya cherry trees are treated with fungicides. This measure is necessary in the middle lane and colder areas to prevent the spread of coccomycosis and moniliosis. As required, the irrigation of the crown is repeated in late autumn after pruning.
In summertime, cherry orchards are invaded by insect pests that not only damage the ripening crop, destroy foliage and weaken the plants, but also contribute to the infection of diseased plants by fungi and other types of diseases. For the destruction of pests using insecticides, means of physical and biological control, as well as folk methods.
It is impossible to get a good harvest, not observing the agrotechnology and not carrying out preventive work.
In the warm season, cherries must be watered and fed. Weed plants are destroyed in tree trunks, and the soil is mulched to save moisture and maintain soil looseness. No less important is sanitary pruning, which is carried out in spring or autumn. All damaged, dry or weak shoots are cut and burned. So do the fallen leaves and uncollected fruits.
Breeding history and breeding region
Few people know that this variety was obtained in the All-Russian Selection and Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery H.D. Enikeevas well as with the participation of S.N. Satarova.
Youth Cherry was obtained as a result of the crossing of varieties such as Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya.
В государственный реестр полученный сорт был внесен в 1993 году по Центральному региону.
Для этого же региона были выведены и такие сорта, как Памяти Еникеева, Живица, Тургеневка.
Consider separately the appearance of the cherry and its fruits.
Youth cherry tree has not very tall, often medium or low, sometimes there are varieties of bushes, they have almost a round, slightly downward shape.
Cherry bushes are a rather unusual sight, but they bear fruit no worse than a tall tree with a voluminous crown. One bush can give up to 12 kg of berry harvest per season. If we talk about the average yield of this cherry, then this 10-11 kg.
Excellent yield can also boast Lebedyanskaya, Toy and Chocolate.
Dry creepy spring winds are not terrible to this cherry, in particular, buds, they will not harm its flowering, although the tree itself is rather weak. The leaves of the youth have a rich light green color and ribbed edges.
The maximum tree height is 2.5 meters, it is not very high, also it is impossible to climb a cherry tree because it breaks quite easily.
Now let's talk about the fruits of this tree. Taste sweet and sour berries, have a lot of pulp and a medium-sized bone of beige color, which is easily separated in ripe fruits.
Berries youth cherry is often used to prepare different desserts, as it has more sweetness than acid. Morozovka, Podbelskaya and Dessert Morozova are also dessert varieties.
The color of well ripened cherry is maroon, the shape is slightly oblong. One berry weighs about 4.5 g.
Fruiting occurs on last year's or bouquet branches.
Also from the fruits of youth make jam, jams, juices and other conservation. We must not miss the fact that these cherries tolerate transportation well, since their flesh is rather dense.
Excessive consumption is not recommended, but the Youth Cherry variety is one of the best today, then the photo and description of all the features.
Characteristics of a variety
Youth cherry known excellent fruiting. Ripen berries start at the end of July. Undisputed dignity of youth can be called that the tree is highly resistant to fungal diseases.
Most often, cherries are affected by diseases such as coccomycosis and moniliasis, but if you grow Youth, this problem is unlikely to bother you.
Resistant to coccomycosis and varieties such as Vyanok, Ural Ruby and Novella.
The most susceptible to any disease cherry in a warm wet time. Wood processing is still necessary, so you completely protect it from the occurrence of fungus.
Youth Cherry - self-fruitedi.e. pollinating trees in the neighborhood she does not need. Therefore, if you notice that the weather does not contribute to bee pollinating flowers, anxiety is in vain.
Volochaevka, Lighthouse and the same age can also boast self-fertility.
The harvest will be good and generous anywayThat is why the youth is considered one of the most reliable cherries.
Molodezhnaya has no certain years in which it bears fruit well, and those in which there are extremely few fruits, this tree pleases with large juicy berries in large quantities annually.
For this variety is characteristic precociousnessalready in the fourth to fifth year of growth, cherry begins to bear fruit.
Also the tree is showing resistance to winter cold and frost, excessive dryness in the summer.
You can meet youth in the Central region of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus.
Planting and care
Cherry Youth as well as any fruit and berry tree requires care, but an important role is also played by the correct planting, the chosen place and time.
In order to put the youth, you need a very carefully choose a place to land.
Further fruiting of the tree depends on this.
Such a place should not be poorly ventilated, and you can not plant youth on the flat areas.
The ideal time for planting a youth is Spring.
Soil should be weakly alkaline sandy loam, and if there is no such possibility, NeutralSoil acidity means a lot.
The landing site should be well lit, and take care of this.
If you decide to make a cherry orchard, trees should be planted at a distance of at least three meters one from another.
We proceed directly to the process. Should dig up pit 40 cm deep and 80 cm in diameter. Before sending a young plant to this pit, it is necessary to pour fertilizer in the form of manure and nitrogen so that the cherry caught on. If during planting you notice that some root processes are damaged, you should get rid of them.
After the tree has been planted around it you need to make the hole, which should be filled with manure or, for example, sawdust.
This is done so that the soil retains the moisture that the youth need so much longer.
If you are planting 2-year-old seedlings, it is recommended to prune immediately. The first thing you need to get rid of the shoots that depart from the branches at a right angle.
After that, mark the so-called cherry skeleton - three branches, around which you want to cut all the shoots. The only exception is that it is impossible to cut branches that come at a 90 degree angle from the trunk.
In the process of growth and development of youth every year it needs feed with nitrogen fertilizers, the older the tree, the more fertilizer is required.
Youth, as already mentioned, It takes a lot of water for normal growth.
Therefore, even if you plant it in a place where groundwater flows nearby, once again pour the youth never hurt and will only benefit the fruiting tree.
Seedling plime for the first 4-5 years, it will serve as an excellent protection for the tree.
A small minus of trees of this variety is rapid overgrowth New branches appear one after another, so you need to masterly get rid of them, leaving only the main ones.
This is an easy and affordable way to provide the cherry with a sufficient amount of moisture when watering is not very frequent.
It is impossible to allow the soil to dry out, if there is no rain for a long time, then it is necessary to organize artificial watering.
Cherry youth varieties require a lot of color and warmth. Near it you should not plant many other trees, except for their pollination. The place where youth grows should be well lit.
This should be done every year, since pruning provides excellent fruiting of the tree. Get rid of excessively long branches, leaving rough and strong.
Most gardeners are of the opinion that the branches should be shortened to a crown diameter of 2-2.5 m. In order to make pruning, you do not need to be a professional gardener, it is enough to take responsibility for this matter.
The upper part of the cherry should be cut about 50 cm annually (this is a tree over 4-5 years old).
When pruning, shape the tree so that it is then convenient to collect the fruit, make room for the stepladder.
You also need to carry out anti-aging pruning, that is, get rid of old branches and shoots. Seedling protection in winter
In general, the youth is quite resistant to cold and wind, but the young tree must be further protected for the winter period.
Winter-hardy varieties are Zhukovskaya, Morozovka and Novella.
First of all, we protect the cherries from rodents, who are not averse to eat the root of the cherry in the cold season.
In order to prevent damage to the root system, it is necessary to cover the tree at the bottom, or to set up a dormitory so that it cannot be reached.
The first method is more relevant, since for a large number of trees the dam will be built for quite a long time. To provide additional protection, the root is covered with moss.
We recommend to watch the video about the correct formation of fruit trees.
Diseases and pests
Youth is not prone to fungal diseaseswhich are prone to almost all other varieties of cherries that grow in our area. But there are still some dangers for this type of cherry.
One of the most dangerous diseases for Youth is monilioz This disease is manifested by the gradual drying up of cherry branches, the tree may be partially or completely affected.
Pruned branches must be destroyed to prevent the spread of infection of other trees and plants.
There is also such a disease of cherry trees as monilial burn. Get rid of it is not easy. Monilial burn, usually appears during the flowering period.
The only way out is to sprinkle wood with a special solution.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that such a disease is spreading very quickly, so carefully check the trees that grow next to infected cherries.
The leaves on the diseased tree change color very quickly, often it reaches the scarlet, after which the leaves fall. In such a situation, it is necessary to feed the tree with nitrogen.
In the cultivation of youth there are no particular difficulties. Approach this business with responsibility and soon you will have a delicious cherry jam, as well as the opportunity to enjoy eating fresh cherry fruits.
Cherry "Youth" - description
In 1993, by crossing the varieties of cherries "Lyubskaya" and "Vladimirskaya", the variety "Molodezhnaya" was obtained, which successfully incorporated all the best qualities of the two varieties. Nowadays, this variety is very popular with gardeners and is widely distributed in the Urals and in the central regions of Russia.
This cherry belongs to skoroplodny and samoplodny grades. It can be represented as a tree, with a rounded crown, and a bush.
"Youth" begins to bloom in mid-May and after two months the berries appear. Full fruiting begins four years after planting. Fruit weight - about 5 grams. They have a sweet-sour taste, and their flesh is juicy and dense. Stone is easily pulled out.
A single adult tree can produce up to 11 kg of delicious and fragrant cherries. The tree bears fruit regularly until the age of 20.
The tree of this variety grows not very high. It can reach a height of 2.5 meters. Sometimes you can find bushes "Youth", which have an almost round, slightly lowered shape. The yield of the bushes is also high. With one bush can collect up to 12 pounds of berries.
The average yield of this variety is about 10-11 pounds per season.
Although the tree is not very strong, the spring winds do not harm the buds of its flowers. Climbing to the top for picking berries is not recommended - the branches break easily. The leaves of the plant have a ribbed edge and a light green color.
The fruits of cherries are fleshy with a beige bone of medium size. The berries of this cherry can be used to make desserts, as they have more sweetness than sour taste. Ripe berries have a slightly oblong shape and burgundy color.
The berries of this variety are delicious compotes, juices and jams. Freshly picked berries are easy to transport, so they have quite dense and elastic flesh. The fruit variety “Molodezhnaya” on bouquets or last year’s branches.
The variety "Youth" is distinguished by rich harvests. In late July, the berries begin to fill and ripen. One of the main advantages of the plant is good resistance to fungal diseases. If the summer is given out wet and warm it is best to treat the tree in order to protect it from fungal diseases.
There is no need to plant pollinating trees for the “Molodezhnaya” fruit variety. Even if the weather conditions for the bees are not very suitable - no need to worry. The yield of cherries will still be good. It is for such qualities that this variety is considered one of the most reliable. The tree has no bad or good seasons, large and juicy berries ripen on it every summer.
The variety "Molodezhnaya" has many advantages, it should be emphasized as follows:
- high yields can be harvested in the fourth or fifth year,
- the tree tolerates winter frosts,
- Cherry is resistant to drought,
- the variety can be used as a pollinator for late-ripening varieties.
It should be noted that the cherry "Youth" unpretentious. Even beginners and inexperienced gardeners can easily grow it.
The most dangerous disease of the Molodezhnaya variety is considered to be monolysis. A damaged tree is damaged completely or partially. As a result of this disease, the branches of the plant shrink. Infected branches are pruned in such a way that only 20 centimeters of healthy wood remains. To prevent the spread of the disease to other trees - cut off the branches burned.
During the flowering period, a cherry can get a monilial burn. It is not easy to fight this disease; a good effect is the processing of cherries with a special solution.
If the tree is deficient in nitrogen, leaves may turn yellow. In this case, the color of the leaves changes rapidly and can reach the crimson hue. After that the foliage is showered.
You can grow a variety of "Youth" without much difficulty. However, it is necessary to treat this process carefully and with responsibility. The tree is sure to respond to the care of rich crops and the pleasant taste of its fruits.
Jeanne. I like the “Youth” variety very much. The trees never hurt. Use lime for whitewashing. In the autumn, we prune old branches. The harvest is always great.
Vladimir Igorevich. Berries "Youth" have a taste more sweet than sour. The height of my bushes is not high. This greatly facilitates the harvest.
Nikolai. I have a Molodezhnaya cherry growing next to Chokoladnitsa. Every year the trees are strewn with cherries!
Michael. The variety "Youth" has many positive qualities. Planted several trees seven years ago. Trees tolerate the winter well, for two years we have been harvesting good harvests. Ripe berries keep well on the branches and do not crumble when harvested. This variety is very good for making jam, jam and cherry liqueur. Cherry trees "Youth" are very unpretentious. This year, the neighbors had a scab and aphid. And our cherries have not touched any infection. For the prevention of watering cherries with water, which I insist on cow dung. In the spring, be sure to lime the trees. The harvest is good every year. Enough berries to eat fresh and preserved. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, sweetish.
For more information on how to choose a cherry seedling, see here:
The history of the variety
Youth Cherry appeared thanks to the scientists of the All-Russian Breeding-Technological Institute of Horticulture and Nursery, Kh. D. Enikeevu and S. N. Satarova. Her “parents” were two old cherries (Vladimirskaya and Lyubskaya), which are donors of breeding and significant signs of culture.. From Vladimir, the “descendant” inherited the excellent commodity qualities of the fruit, Lyubskaya gave him winter hardiness, short stature and self-fertility. After passing the trials test in 1993, Molodezhnaya Cherry was registered with the State Register of the Russian Federation in the Central Region (Moscow Region), where it quickly gained popularity. And also the grade is successfully grown up in many other regions with a temperate climate.
Description and characteristics of cherry Youth
Cherry grows low, an adult plant reaches no more than 2–2.5 m, for which it is valued by gardeners, as it facilitates tree care and harvesting. The average lifespan of trees is about 15 years, with good care it can be extended to 20. The tree has the shape of a bush, the tendency to thickening is moderate. Crohn rounded with drooping shoots. Fruit buds are formed on annual growths and bouquet branches. The maturity of medium late, consumer maturity of cherries reach in the third decade of July.
Cherry tree Youth low (2–2.5 m), it has a bush shape and a drooping crown of medium thickness
Dark maroon fruits exceed the average value and reach 4.5 grams. They have a wide-round shape and a wide funnel, to which is attached a thin, not very long stem. At separation from the stem, the berry is not damaged and remains dry. Stone small size, easy to separate. Products are well transported.
Dark-maroon fruits of Molodozhnaya cherry are rather large (4.5 g), have good transportability
Sweet and sour aromatic fruits have a good dessert taste. Cherries can be consumed fresh and processed. From dense juicy dark-red pulp excellent juice of the same color turns out. The processed products (jam, compotes, jams, wine, etc.) are of high quality.
From the fruit of the cherry Youth makes an excellent juice
Trees begin to yield in the fifth year of life, annual fruiting. Up to 10–12 kg of fruits ripen on an adult tree; on an industrial scale, the yield is 8–10 t / ha. Self-fruited variety.
Winter hardiness is above average (comparable to Vladimirskaya). In the recommended growing region trees do not freeze slightly. Drought tolerance is quite high. Immunity to coccomycosis and moniliosis is insufficient, in conditions of high humidity plants are affected by these diseases up to the level of 2-3 points (from 11 to 50% of the plant surface).
In the scale characterizing the extent of the disease, the lowest score (0) indicates the complete absence of the disease. The highest (4 points) is to defeat more than 50% of the plant surface.
Качественная продукция, зимостойкость и низкорослость являются наиболее существенными преимуществами сорта, главный недостаток — средний иммунитет к грибковым заболеваниям.
Нужны ли Молодёжной опылители
The variety belongs to the self-pollinating, this property is especially valuable for gardeners who do not have enough space on the plot to plant several cherry trees. However, scientists who study the property of self-pollination of fruit crops, argue that the level of self-fertility can vary in different climatic conditions, as well as vary in different years. Therefore, to increase crop yields, experts recommend planting pollinating varieties not only with trees requiring cross-pollination, but also alongside those with stable self-fertility.
The neighborhood with the common pollinator of Vladimirskaya cherry will be mutually beneficial for both varieties: Youth is also known as an excellent pollinator. Any other varieties growing near and blooming at the same time will contribute to the formation of the ovary.
Molodozhnaya Cherry is a self-fertile variety, but the neighborhood with trees blossoming in similar terms will increase its productivity.
Features of growing varieties
Agrotechnics in the cultivation of the described variety is applied standard for this crop. There are only a few care features, they are mainly associated with measures to protect against fungal diseases.
In the region of growing Youth spring planting is preferable. If you plant a sapling in the fall, he, not having time to take root, can freeze. It is better to place the tree on a well-lit flat or small slope to the south or south-west. Lowlands with excessive humidity are not suitable for Molodezhnaya due to low immunity to fungal diseases, steep slopes from which snow is blown away by winds are also not the best place to plant cherries.. Groundwater is unacceptable at a depth of less than 1.5 meters to the level of the soil.
The place for planting Molodizhna cherries is chosen well lit with a slight slope to the south or southwest.
Cherry grows well on fertile well-permeable loams or sandy loams. On poor soils, they increase the size of the planting pit and add more fertile mixture to it. The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral. The distance between the trees is kept at least three meters, the spacing is 3.5 m. Further, the planting is done in the usual way: a mixture of fertile land with organic and mineral fertilizers is placed in the prepared landing pits (60x60x60) and the plant is planted, followed by irrigation and mulching.
What types of pruning needed
Formative pruning proceed to the second year after landing. Since genetically a tree has the shape of a bush, the bush-like will be the most suitable formation for it. When the height of the trunk is about 30–40 cm, 5–6 skeletal branches form at first. The distance between them should be about 15 cm. For two to three years, up to 12-15 skeletal branches are left.
For undersized youth cherries the bush form will be the most suitable
Simultaneously with the formation of the crown and after its completion, other types of pruning are regularly carried out, which are as follows:
- During sanitary pruning get rid of dry, sick and damaged branches.
- Regulatory pruning (thinning) is carried out necessarily - with a thickened crown, favorable conditions are created for the development of fungal diseases, to which Molodezhnaya Cherry does not have sufficient immunity.
- Given the moderate productivity of the variety, supporting pruning, which stimulates fruiting, also should not be neglected. When the annual increments decrease to 15–20 cm, and the twigs begin to bare, they produce two-year-old shoots shortening over the closest side branches.
Watering and feeding
In the season with regularly falling precipitation, Molodezhnaya Youth Cherry is watered infrequently. The rate of watering of young trees is 30–40 l per plant, with the onset of fruiting two times more water is used. The variety is quite resistant to the lack of moisture, the trees will be enough four irrigation in the following terms:
- before flowering
- during the formation of the ovary,
- two weeks before harvest,
- a month before the first frost.
Molodozhka feed dressing scheme is as usual as for any other cherry. In the spring of plants a great need for nitrogen. When the trees ottsvetut and begin to pour fruit, cherries need potassium and phosphorus to form the crop. These fertilizers are fed 3-4 times with a frequency of 3 weeks. In the autumn, organic fertilizers are combined with mineral (potash and phosphate) fertilizers.
Feed the Youth variety, like any other cherry, with organic and mineral fertilizers
Diseases Dangerous to Grade
In the cultivation region, youth coccomycosis and moniliosis pose a serious danger to cherries. Diseases are highly contagious and can quickly spread in the cool wet season. Damage is caused to the crop and the trees themselves, which become weakened and lose their winter hardiness. Cherry Molodezhnaya is not sufficiently resistant to coccomycosis and moniliosis, therefore, special attention should be paid to the protection of plants against these diseases.
Prevention measures will help minimize the chance of infection. Landings should be well ventilated, for this they are punctured in a timely manner. And also carry out preventive treatment with biological products.
The disease begins to spread in early summer. On the upper side of the leaves scattered small patches of brownish color appear, and on the lower side of them in the places of impact white-pink seals of fungi sporification are visible. With the intensive spread of the disease, premature leaf fall begins.
With coccomycosis, the leaves are torn with brown spots and prematurely fall off.
In early spring, before the beginning of the growing season, plants are treated with 3% Bordeaux liquid. When the trees bloom, they are sprayed with one of the fungicides: Hom, Skor, Fundazol, Horus and others. If necessary, the treatment is repeated another 1-2 times with an interval of two weeks. In the fall sprayed with 3% Bordeaux liquid.
The disease has a second name - monilial burn. Appears first on the branches and leaves, which become brown, dry out and turn black, taking on the appearance as burnt. Then signs of damage begin to appear on the fruit in the form of grayish black growths. The spread of the fungus leads to rotting and shedding cherries.
With the defeat of moniliosis, the leaves and branches look like burnt, the fruits rot
Trees from moniliosis are treated in the same way as coccomycosis.
Photo gallery: common pests of cherry
The following preventive measures will help prevent the spread of malicious insects:
- Autumn soil digging (autumn plowing).
- Removal of affected plant residues from the site.
- Protective whitewashing of boles and branches.
- Installing sticky belts on the pests for catching pests.
- Processing with biological preparations (Fitoverm, Aktofit and others).
When large-scale colonies of pests appear, insecticides are used: Fufanon, Alatar, Iskra, and others.
Cherry Youth variety description
The cherry variety Molodezhnaya appeared in 1993 by crossing Lyubskaya and Vladimirskaya. A low tree with a height of 2-2.5 m has an average thickness of a round crown with lowered branches to the ground, which greatly facilitates harvesting. It belongs to the bushy compact varieties that occupy small spaces in the garden. The bark is brownish-brown, the branches are thin and curved. The foliage is oval in saturated green color of medium size, the underside is lighter. The umbrella-shaped inflorescence consists of three large white flowers. The flowering period falls on the second decade of May. Differs in high winter hardiness. It is a good pollinator for late flowering varieties of cherries.
Selection of seedlings and planting
The choice of quality planting material will be the key to a rich harvest in the future. Cherry seedlings with a height of 70-100 cm of one- or two-year-old are chosen, since the young plant will take root faster. Experienced gardeners consider the two-year plantation to be the most optimal, such seedlings have a crown formed by specialists in the nursery. Buy a seedling with leaves, it will check whether the plant is healthy. Please note that the length of the root system should be at least 10 cm. Quality planting material should be free from damage and signs of disease.
Cherry seedlings are desirable to purchase in specialized stores. Landing is carried out in spring or autumn. Autumn planting material is considered stronger and more durable.
Having dealt with seedlings, you should determine the place for planting cherries. It is advisable to choose a sunny, protected from the wind plot, which is located in the south or south-west side of the garden. Check the level of groundwater, it should be no closer than 1.5 m. It is not necessary to plant cherries in the lowlands, for this purpose a hill will be better suited. Youth, like other best varieties of cherries, prefers sandy soils with a neutral ph.
Planting is carried out as follows:
- dig a hole 50-60 deep and 70-80 cm in diameter,
- fertilizers are applied (humus, superphosphate, potassium nitrate, ash), lime is added to the acidic soil,
- at the bottom of the pit, a topsoil dug 10-15 cm in height is laid in a pile,
- the tree is lowered onto a hill and straightened, a stake is set next to which the seedling is tied up,
- the pit is filled with fertile soil and tamped,
- carry out watering with soft distilled water,
- the soil is mulched with peat or humus.
The most favorable time for planting cherries is the middle of spring or the beginning of autumn, since the risk of freezing of the plant disappears. Apple, cherries, grapes and other cherries will be good neighbors for her, but you shouldn’t plant currants nearby.
The soil around the cherry gently weed and clean the weeds so as not to damage the roots, lying pretty close to the soil surface.
Cherries tolerate summer heat and drought, and need additional watering during certain periods: during flowering, vigorous growth, at the stage of fruit ripening and at the end of the season, when foliage will fall. Do not allow the soil to dry out during the ripening period of the berries, otherwise it will lead to their cracking. Watering is carried out at the rate of 40-60 liters per 1 sq. M. wheel circle. Make sure that the earth is soaked with moisture to a depth of 40-50 cm. Excess moisture leads to rotting of the roots and stunting.
Competent and regular pruning is a prerequisite for the growth and development of cherries. Carry it out in early spring before the awakening of the kidneys. This will enable the tree to recover before the period of active growth. For the formation of a beautiful crown in a young tree leave 8-10 branches growing in different directions. Sections are treated with garden barb.
In subsequent years, pruned branches longer than 50 cm and old patients. During the fruiting period, the cherries are thinned, removing the branches that grow inside the crown, which thickens it. This procedure contributes to a better penetration of sunlight, which will ensure the formation of new fruit buds.
The first couple of years after planting you can not worry about fertilizer, cherry enough of those that were made during planting. Next, fertilizers are applied with the following frequency:
- organic (rotted manure) - once in 3-4 years,
- mineral (carbamide) - once in 7 years.
Fertilizers are applied to young trees in a tree trunk; fertilizing of an adult garden is carried out throughout the site.
Self-fertile varieties of cherries tie up to 40% of fruits when pollinating with their own pollen. However, planting in the vicinity of another tree, even another variety, you will significantly improve fruiting.
Cherry Youth gardeners reviews
Due to high yields and excellent resistance to adverse weather conditions, Molodezhnaya Youth Cherry is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners and summer residents. This variety enjoys a special love of housewives due to its dessert qualities and a wide range of applications in cooking, as well as excellent taste characteristics and attractive fruit appearance. The fruits of the cherry are consumed fresh, in addition they are dried, frozen, used to make compotes, jams, preserves, jellies and candied fruits.
Cherry Youth variety gives an excellent annual yield, is highly resistant to frost and drought, unpretentious in care and perfectly complement any orchard.
The height of the adult tree “Molodezhnaya” on average is about 2 meters, which, in combination with the branches lowered above the ground, simplifies harvesting. The branches can be intertwined, but, as a rule, do not break under the weight of the fruit.
The leaves of the ordinary cherry “Molodezhnaya” have a bright green color, collected in a rounded middle density crown. The bottom of the sheet is lighter. The bark of the Molodezhnaya cherry has a brown-brown color and darkens with time.
The inflorescence includes from 3 to 7 white flowers with a diameter of about 3 cm each. Due to the same height of pistils and stamens, this type of cherry belongs to self-pollinating. Cherry "Youth" from 10 to 20 May.
Fruits of Molodezhnaya cherry can reach 1 cm in size, the average weight of a berry is 4-5 grams. The berries are oval and maroon color, dense sweet-sour pulp. Tasting evaluation of the fruits of this variety is 4.5 points out of 5.
Medium-sized bone is easy to separate from the pulp. If the conditions for the collection and transportation and storage of the Molodezhnaya cherry are observed, they can maintain integrity up to 15–20 days.
Drought resistance, winter hardiness
The variety is characterized in general by high drought tolerance. But immediately after planting and during fruiting, it is important to monitor soil moisture.
"Youth" refers to frost-resistant varieties. Ovaries of flowers tolerate night frosts.
Pollination, flowering and ripening
Features pollination culture are of great importance when planning plantings. Up to 40% of the pollination by Molodezhnaya occurs with its own pollen due to the pistils and stamens of equal height. It is also possible to plant other cherry or cherry trees nearby, which will additionally pollinate Molodezhnaya.
Additional pollinators for Molodezhnaya cherry:
- Nord Star,
- and different varieties of sweet cherries.
Youth itself pollinates late cherries well.
There is a formation of ovaries, even on young shoots. Flowering occurs from all buds, except the topmost ones. Below is a photo of the Molodezhnaya cherry tree.
One tree of the Molodezhnaya cherry brings from 8 to 15 kg of berries per year. Productivity depends on the age of the plant. The fruits ripen in the third decade of July.
Molodozhnaya cherry varieties begin to bear fruit 3-4 years after planting, continuing to yield another 15–20 years with proper care. A positive impact on yield has regular pruning of the shoots. In her absence, only peripheral shoots bear fruit.
Scope of berries
Provided proper collection, transportation and storage of cherries "Youth" can be successfully preserved. Fruit storage is possible if the berries are harvested by cutting: cutting off the berries with the preservation of the stem. The integrity of the fetus will not be broken.
The following rules will help to preserve the fruits of the Molodezhnaya cherry for subsequent preservation:
- carefully select the fruits, monitor their integrity,
- don't wash berries,
- transport and store them in a ventilated container
- pre-process the potassium permanganate and dry well,
- cover the bottom of the container with paper
- make sure that the fruit in the container was a bit - no more than 5 cm,
- Store the berry at + 2 + 4 ° C.
Berries varieties "Youth" are used to make desserts, drinks and juices, to add to pastries. The fruits of this variety are suitable for making jams, jam or jam.
Advantages and disadvantages
Cherry "Youth" refers to the most reliable varieties for harvest. Below is a comparative table of characteristics of the cherry “Youth”.
Average resistance to fungal infections
Good yield (from 8 to 15 kg from one tree depending on age)
The influence of planting on plant growth
Large fruits (up to 10 mm, 4–5 g)
Decreased yields during soil depletion
Dessert taste of berries with high tasting score
The need for regular pruning overgrown shoots
Frost resistance, including the ovaries of flowers
Drought tolerance subject to careful care during the fruiting period
Choosing a landing site
In the best way, Molodezhnaya Cherry will feel in an unventilated area with good lighting. This may be the southern or south-western part of the garden near the fence, shed or wall of the house. As the soil suitable sandy loam with an acidity level of 6-6.5 pH.
For planting cherries for 6 weeks, they prepare a pit with a depth of 40 cm and a diameter of 80 cm. Organic fertilizing is brought to the bottom of the pit, or they dig up the earth in the fall, adding a mixture of fresh compost and phosphate and potash fertilizers.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Biennial plants with a formed crown are optimal for planting into the ground. A healthy sapling “Molodezhnaya” has:
- height 70–110 cm
- roots not less than 15 cm long,
- elastic and intact branches and roots,
- saturated color fresh leaves,
- intact bark.
Immediately before planting, it is necessary to remove all leaves from the sapling, prune damaged branches. Для подготовки к высадке в грунт корни саженца обрабатывают садовым варом или замачивают в глиняной болтушке.
При посадке вишни «Молодежной» необходимо соблюдать несложный алгоритм действий:
- beforehand (at least 6 weeks), dig a hole measuring 40 * 60 cm and add organic dressing to it,
- before planting, form a mound 10–15 cm high at the bottom of the pit,
- set a peg 1.3 m high in the center of the hill,
- set a sapling next to a peg, spreading its roots down a hill,
- check that the root neck of the plant is 3–5 cm above the level,
- cover the pit with earth, tamp it down,
- to form a hole with a rim of earth,
- tie up sapling
- plenty of water the plant
- mulch the hole after moisture is absorbed.
It is important to correctly determine the location of the root collar of the seedling (the places where the roots pass into the trunk). The error is fraught with the fact that the plant does not take root. The most reliable way: back away from the top root of 3-4 cm up the trunk - this will be the root neck.
Important facts about cherry care
During the year after planting the plant almost does not need additional care. Enough timely watering and loosening the soil. Knowledge of the first signs of the development of the disease in cherries will also be useful to respond quickly and save the tree.
Then you need to remember the important features of the care of the cherry variety "Youth", which will help increase the yield:
- timely pruning protects from falling yields: when overgrown, the ovaries are formed only on the outer - peripheral shoots,
- It is recommended to annually cut about 50 cm of crown at the top of the tree,
- fertilizing is necessary twice a year: in the spring with nitrogen fertilizers, in the fall - potash and phosphate fertilizers,
- Cherry is moisture-loving: you need to water it often,
- excess moisture can seriously harm, causing infection by fungi,
- annual disease prevention is important: the treatment scheme is given below,
- adding compost and manure will make the plant more healthy and improve its growth,
- for the winter to protect against rodents, the root system should be covered or blocked.
How to cut a young cherry: