The genus is not numerous, it contains 4 main species: Williams lophophore, yellow, pure, green and about 10 species. The stem is fleshy up to 15 cm in diameter, bluish-gray-green in color, flat-spherical, with wide rounded blunt ribs or divided into low large tubercles. The spines are absent. Areola large, with a bunch of gray or white hairs. Flowers 2-3 cm in diameter, white, yellow or pink.
- Family:cactus (Cactaceae).
- Homeland: Mexico, where the Lofofora cactus grows at an altitude of 1500-2000 meters above sea level on the slopes of the calcareous mountains among dense thickets of shrubs.
- Root: thick repovidny.
- Fetus: berry, pale pink in color, appearing in the 2nd year after flowering.
- It blooms from June to mid-September.
- Conditions of detention: May - October +20 + 25 ° С, regular moderate watering, October-April +8 + 10 ° С, does not need watering.
- Propagated by seeds and lateral shoots.
- Keeps viability in the soil not less than 8 years.
Lofofora - plant species with description and photos
Lofophora diffuse (L. diffusa) or vague - with spherical, dull, light yellow flattened stem, reaching 15 cm in diameter. The stem has 10–15 flat, wide, divided into large smooth tubercles with thin grooves of the ribs. Flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, yellowish-white or pure white, with slate-like elongated petals. The root is up to 10 cm long, thick, shaped like. Seeds are black, hilly. Most often found in nature in Texas, where it grows in the shade of shrubs.
Yellow Lophophore (L. lutea) or Lutea - with yellowish-green, with a brown or gray shade stem up to 10 cm in diameter. The ribs are practically absent, and the diamond-shaped tubercles on the stem are arranged spirally. Areolas are slightly pubescent, flowers are light yellow or yellowish-white, up to 3 cm in diameter.
Genus Lofofora (L echinata) - with a bluish-green flattened, spherical stem up to 13 cm in diameter, rarely forming side shoots. The stem has about 10 ribs, consisting of large 5-6-sided hillocks up to 3 cm tall. Areola with tufts of wool, significantly distant from each other. The flowers are white in color, up to 2 cm in diameter. Fruits are light pink.
Green Lofofora (L viridescens) - with a dark green spherical stem up to 20 cm in diameter with numerous ribs along the entire length. White flowers up to 2 cm in diameter. It grows in the rocky deserts of Mexico.
Lofofora mescaline (L mescaline) - fleshy small cactus up to 10 cm in length and up to 8 cm in diameter, with a rounded top of gray-green color, with tufts of white hairs and carrot-like long root.
Lofofora Williams (Lophophora williamsii)
Cactus is a plant with a flattened-spherical, gray-green color, up to 8 cm in diameter with a stem, with a hairy, deeper apex. It has a thick, up to 15 cm long rapic root.
Lofofor Williams blooms several times throughout the summer, appearing on the top of the stem of soft pink flowers up to 2 cm in diameter. The fruit of the plant is a long berry of dark pink color. It blooms beautifully in indoor conditions and is the most enduring plant among cacti.
Biological feature: contains alkaloid mescaline - a narcotic substance that can cause auditory and visual hallucinations. And, that is why the cultivation of Williams lophophore in many countries is prohibited by law.
Lofofora Williams Peyote (Lophophora williamsii Peyote)
It is a small, flattened squat cactus with a frosted brown stem up to 10 cm tall and up to 7 cm in diameter, with eight flat wide ribs divided by thin grooves into large smooth tubercles.
Lophophore Williams peyote has several buds without needles, located at the top, resembling a mushroom in appearance, which contain mescaline. Flowers pale pink to 1.5 cm in diameter, appearing in the center of the apex. Fruits are oblong, pale pink, up to 1 cm long, contain several seeds, appear 9-10 months after flowering.
Lofofora Williams - description
Under natural conditions, it is widely distributed throughout northeastern Mexico and in areas of Texas. It is a small plant of a flattened spherical shape with smooth ribs, without thorns, up to 8 cm in diameter.
Areola from tightly descended, forming a hard, solid carpet over the plant, to almost bare. Small pink flowers appear at the top and bloom during the entire wet period. Fruits contain from 5 to 12 large black seeds, elongated small red berries, emerging from the woolly crown of the plant throughout the summer. The root is repuvidous, up to 10 cm in length, having a property in the dry period of the year, shrinking to draw the above-ground part of the plant into the ground.
Lofofora - transplanting plants
For young, actively growing individuals (up to 3 years old) of lophophore transplantation is carried out annually, for adults as needed (usually 1 time in 2-3 years) into a pot 3-4 cm in diameter more than the previous one, which should correspond to the structure and size root. If necessary, you can cut the rhizome, but not more than 1/4 part, then you need to sprinkle the slice with dispersed sulfur or charcoal powder.
The best time for a transplant is from late March to mid-May. 4-5 days before transplanting, you need to stop watering the plant, which will allow the ground to dry out and make it easy to release the root from the soil.
Transplantation is as follows:
- at the bottom of the new pot, the drainage is made of gravel or fine expanded clay and is sprinkled with sand, a layer of 2-3 cm,
- the cactus is lowered into the pot to the desired depth, evenly sprinkled on all sides by the soil mixture, which is slightly rammed to remove voids. As a soil mixture, a special substrate for desert cacti, sold in flower shops or a substrate of universal, coarse sand and fine gravel in the ratio of 4: 1: 0.5, respectively, is best suited,
- root collar is dusted with coarse sand or fine gravel, in a layer of 1-1.5 cm.
After transplantation, the cactus should be left in a place protected from bright light and in dry soil for 5-7 days. During this time, the wounds on the roots will heal, and the plant will not get sick from watering, and the cactus will gradually be accustomed to full coverage.
Lofofora - plant reproduction
Propagate the plant with seeds and side shoots. Mainly used for lophophore seed multiplication method. Sowing is very simple and not tied to a specific time of year. This requires a sterile soil mixture consisting of sifted floral earth and washed sand 3: 1.
Seeds should be fresh and peeled from the remnants of the fruit, in this case, germination will be approximately 80%. The substrate is poured into a shallow bowl and the substrate is slightly compacted, the seeds are distributed evenly (2-4 pieces per 1 cm 2) and slightly submerged in the soil, and on top they are covered with a layer of fine gravel. The tablet is placed in water for 20-25 minutes, until the substrate is saturated with water. Then the dish should be placed in a plastic box or wrapped in cellophane, which will provide constant moisture and protection from insects. As the need to moisten the soil. The dish should be under bright lighting for 10-12 hours per day, at a temperature of +20 + 30 ° С. After 1.5-2 weeks, the first shoots will appear, which after 1-1.5 months will finally get stronger and be ready for transplanting.
Lofofora during reproduction shoots in the fall gives good results. The shoots are placed on a layer of perlite and kept until spring. In spring, powerful roots are formed on cuts, ready to be placed in the ground.
Lofofora - care for indoor plants
The plant is unpretentious, in the summer months lophophore requires care with regular watering and placement in a sunny place. In the autumn, watering should be gradually reduced, preparing the plant for dry winter content at a temperature of +8 + 10 ° C. In the spring the plant should be pritenyat from bright sunlight, gradually resume watering after the start of growth and feed fertilizer for cacti for 2 months with a frequency of 1 every 8-10 days.
Peyote Cactus: Description and Features of Growing
All peyote cactus species share common characteristics.
- Stems in the form of a flattened sphere with a velvety surface.
- Height is from 3 cm to 7 cm, diameter is not more than 15 cm.
- Color is gray-blue or just gray, dull.
- Powerful roots form a turnip, the length is several times the height of the plant.
- Plants have from 6 to 10 ribs. The ribs are small rather wide protuberances separated by thin and distinct grooves. The ribs themselves are covered with transverse grooves.
- The upper part of the stem is covered with areolae - areas with tufts of white and gray hairs.
- Cactus has virtually no spines.
- Flower buds form in spring on the upper part of the cactus.
- In the summer white, yellow, pink-tender buds bloom. There are flowers without pedicels with a large number of velvety petals. The diameter of the flower is 2–3 cm, the shape of the flower is a funnel.
- The fruits are oblong berries of light pink color about 1 cm long. Smooth shiny black seeds ripen in the berries. Seeds ripen completely in 12 months.
Peyote Cactus Species
- Lofofora Williams (Lophophora Williamsii) has a stem height of about 7 cm and a diameter of 8 to 12 cm. The flowers are pink and white. The plant has a multi-flattened spherical shape without thorns. Areola bare or covered with a dense carpet of hairs, because of which the entire surface of the cactus seems fluffy. It blooms several times in the period corresponding to the wet season in the native areas of the plant. The flowers are small, no more than 2–3 cm in diameter, located at the top of the stem. The fruits are oval-shaped, of a reddish hue, and the seeds are black inside. Root-shaped root system. During the dry season, the protective ability of the plant is manifested in the wild. The root shrinks and draws almost the entire ground portion of the cactus into the soil. Lofofora Williams is most often found in the northern regions of Mexico.
- Lofofora Williams Peyote (Lophophora Williamsii Peyote). Peyote lophophore is a small, squat plant with a frosted brown stem. The height of the stem is 10 cm, diameter 7 cm. Outlines of lophophores resemble a mushroom. The cactus at the top has several areoles without needles. Usually the plant is divided by grooves into eight edges. Flowers pale pink with a diameter of 1.5 cm, adorn the upper part of the stem. Fruits are light pink with black seeds inside.
- Lofofora Fritsch. The diameter of the spherical stem 12 cm, height 8 cm, 12 spiral-shaped edges. Flowers rich red color.
- Lofofora sprawling. Stem green-yellow shade. Flowers are up to 2 cm in size with yellow-white or white elongated petals. Cactus prefers the shadow of shrubs. It grows on the territory of Texas.
- Lofofor Jourdan. Stem diameter 7 cm, height 6 cm, 14 edges in the form of a spiral. The flowers are purple-red.
- Lofofora yellow. Diameter 10 cm. The color of the stem is green-yellow with a brown-gray tint. The ribs are slightly marked and practically absent. Pronounced tubercles diamond-shaped, which are arranged spirally on the surface of the stem. Areola covered with hair. The flowers are light yellow, size up to 3 cm.
- Lofofora hedgehog. Diameter 12 cm, 10 ribs. The stem is dark green with a bluish tint. Areola covered with dense carpet of hairs. The flowers are white in size 2 cm. Fruits are pale pink.
- Lofofora greening. The largest species of lophophora. Diameter 20 cm, numerous ribs. The stem color is dark green. The flowers are bright white, up to 2 cm in size. In the wild, it prefers the territory of the stony deserts of Mexico.
- Lofofora mescaline. Height is 10 cm, diameter is 10 cm. Color of a stalk is greyish-green. It features a rounded tip and a large number of areoles with whitish hairs. The root is shaped like a carrot.
Lophophora terms and conditions
- Lighting. The cactus is native to the desert, where there is an abundance of sunlight, but despite this plant loves to grow in the shade of the bushes. Therefore, the cactus is placed on the eastern and western windowsills. Direct sunlight is harmful, the stem of the lophophora reddens with an abundance of ultraviolet radiation.
- Temperature. Cactus is well suited to the usual room temperature + 20-22 degrees Celsius. The reserve of "temperature" strength of the plant is great, the temperature of +40 lophophore calmly tolerates. In the autumn, the optimum temperature of the content is + 10 degrees, the lighting should be intense.
- Watering. Watering is carried out with the drying of the upper and middle layers of the soil. Summer watered 1 time in 2 days. In the autumn-winter period, watering is recommended to stop.
- Air humidity. Lofofora is insensitive to air humidity.
- Fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are applied once a month during the growing season.
- The soil. The peyote cactus soil mixture should be loose, well pass moisture and air to the root system. Ready-made soil mixtures for cacti with neutral acidity are quite suitable for use. Ready soil is recommended to be enriched with baking powder: perlite, brick chips or turf. A useful additive is bone meal.
- Transfer. Young plants need a transplant every year. Adult plants are transplanted as needed, provided that the root system needs a more spacious flowerpot. When transplanting is recommended to cut ¼ of the root mass. Root sections are treated with a special solution against decay, dried, then planted in a new pot. The underground part of the plant is much larger than the ground part, which must be considered when selecting a pot. The bottom of the tank is filled with a drainage layer. The surface of the soil mixture is sprinkled with small pebbles or gravel to cover the neck of the peyote root.
Peyote cactus breeding
Cactus breeding occurs with the help of seeds or side shoots - children, which are formed in several plant varieties.
Seed propagation is the most common way. Sowing seeds can be done in any season of the year. For seed germination using a small container with steamed floral soil and coarse river sand in a ratio of 1: 1. The soil is lightly crushed. Seeds are removed from the fruit. If the seeds are collected immediately before planting, the germination rate will reach 80%.
Seeds are spread on the soil surface evenly and pressed into the ground. Further, seed material is sprinkled with a layer of fine gravel. Then the container with the seeds is immersed in water for 20 minutes, so that the soil mixture is soaked with moisture. The container is placed in a plastic container, covered with plastic film, thereby creating conditions of greenhouse with high humidity.
Seeds need plenty of light at least 12 hours a day. The temperature should be kept at + 20–30 degrees. Airing and soil moistening are necessary as the top layers of the soil dry out. The first shoots appear after 14 days. After 45 days, the plants dive into separate pots.
Vegetative reproduction This method is not available for all types of lophophores, but is very effective. Side shoots - “kids” after separation from the parent plant are placed on a tray filled with perlite. Then the shoots are placed in a cool room, imitating the winter season for the cactus. By the spring vegetation, "kids" will form strong roots and will be ready for planting in the ground.
Pests and diseases
Lophophora cactus is less susceptible to infection by parasites and infections. Problems arise mainly in violation of the rules of content.
Cactus grows slowly, the increase per year is no more than 1 cm. Therefore, a slower growth rate is the norm, not a manifestation of disease or a sign of parasite damage.
Diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi. Most often, the causative agents are the so-called plant owners.
Microorganisms live in the soil and on the stem of a cactus, without showing pathological properties, until the environment serves as a trigger mechanism. For example, excessive watering can cause the manifestation of the aggressive properties of bacteria and lead to the defeat of various rot.
Lophophora cactus has an ancient history. The plant was widely used by North American Indians in religious ceremonies and as a pain reliever.
The secret of popularity is simple - cactus (peyote as the Indians called it) contains a narcotic substance - alkaloid mescaline.
Mescalin has a strong effect on the human central nervous system, a substance that can cause: euphoria, auditory and visual hallucinations, deep pain relief, which allows for surgical interventions.
Indian legends award cactus divine qualities. It was believed that Lophophore is the embodiment of the god Yukili. Performing religious rites, the Indians ate the flesh of the plant (parts of the body of God) and came to a state of drug intoxication, which was taken to unite with a deity. In a state of altered consciousness, people first fell into a state of euphoria, then visions came to them that were not related to reality. Lofofora was used by the Indians as a powerful painkiller. If the Indian was injured or injured, the cactus pulp was applied to the wound or the sore spot and the pain quickly disappeared without a trace.
Из-за сильного наркотического действия веществ, содержащихся в стебле кактуса, хранение и выращивание лофофоры запрещено на территории США и России. According to the Russian law, adopted in 2004, the cultivation of more than two copies of the cactus lophophora is a criminal offense (Article 231 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation).
For lophophores, moderate air temperature is best suited for summer. It can withstand a sufficiently high temperature (up to 40 degrees). In winter, this plant should be rearranged to a cooler place, where it will be no higher than 10 degrees, but it should be noted that during the whole winter period it also needs good lighting.
How to water
The irrigation schedule depends on the indoor temperature, the season, and also on the state of the substrate. In summer, watering is carried out after 1–2 days after the substrate has completely dried in a pot. In late September, the cactus cease to be watered altogether. Watering again begin to carry out only in the month of March. If during the cold wintering of the lophore continue to be watered, then rot may appear on it.
Feels great with low humidity in a city apartment. Additional moisture is not required.
A suitable soil should be loose, well pass water and air, and also have a neutral acidity. In order to choose a good mix of salt, you need to consider that in its composition should be 1 part of the earth saturated with nutrients and 2 parts - various loosening additives. So, for the preparation of a suitable earth mixture, you need to combine turf ground, brick chips and perlite, which must be taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 2. Experienced growers also recommend pouring a small amount of bone meal into the soil.
Due to the fact that the cactus has powerful roots, then the pot must be appropriate, or rather, high. Do not forget to make a good drainage. Above the ground should be a thin layer to distribute the small gravel, while they need to cover the radical neck of the cactus.
Feeding is carried out only during the period of intensive growth 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use special commercial fertilizers intended for cacti.
How to transplant
While the lophophore is young, it is transplanted once a year in springtime. A matured plant should be subjected to this procedure only as needed, and only after the root system ceases to fit into the pot. During transplantation, roots can be cut, but no more than parts. After trimming the cut, it is recommended to treat with charcoal and dry thoroughly. Then the cactus can be transplanted into a new pot.
The easiest way to grow a cactus from seed. They can be sown throughout the year. In this case, instructions for growing seedlings you will find on the package with seeds.
You can also propagate the lophophore and "kids." To do this, they are carefully separated from the parent plant in the autumn. Then the "kids" need to be placed on a layer of perlite and contain as well as an adult cactus in the winter (do not water). With the onset of spring in the "kids" should be formed roots. Replant them in permanent pots.
Pests and diseases
This plant almost does not get sick, and no harmful insects live on it. Often the concern to flower growers is caused by the fact that the lophophore seems to stop growing. However, this is quite natural, because this plant is slow-growing and its stem growth is only 5–10 millimeters for 1 year.
Note! Lofoforu Williams grown on the territory of the Russian Federation is prohibited. At the same time, criminal liability arises if more than two plants are grown.
Lophophora williamsii: botanical description
Lofofor Williams (Latin name: Lophophora williamsii), or, as it is also called, peyote, the plant was first described by the researcher of the Aztec history Bernardino de Sahagun in the book "General History of the Affairs of New Spain" in the 1570s. This type of cactus was used by aborigines in northern Mexico and the southwestern regions of the United States to perform traditional religious rites.
This member of the cactus family has a spherical shape, slightly flattened, about 3-4 cm in height, about 5-6 cm in diameter, with a velvety surface of light gray or bluish-gray color.
The root of the cactus is massive, the ribs are wide and slightly convexdivided by thin grooves. The spines are practically absent, bunches of white or gray wool will restrain in the upper part of the stem. The flowers are white, pale pink, yellow, up to 2 cm in diameter. The fruits are oblong and contain several seeds that appear about a year after flowering.
Peyote in natural habitats occupies a wide range - from the state of Texas in the United States to the state of Queretaro in Mexico. Also, these cacti are found on the slopes of the limestone mountains in the states of Tamaulipas and San Luis Potosi.
A moderate temperature is well suited for peyote, but an indicator of 30–40 degrees Celsius will not kill the plant. In the autumn it is recommended to reduce the temperature to 5-10 degrees, but at the same time, maintain high illumination.
Humidity for this type of cactus does not matter. Watering.
In summer, when watering peyote, it is necessary to take into account the condition of the soil in the pot: as soon as the soil dries out, you must wait 1-2 days and moisten it. From late September to early March, cactus is not recommended to be watered. Lighting.
Since the cactus in the wild grows under the shade of the bushes, you should not leave it in direct sunlight: it will turn red and may die over time. Best suited windows facing west or east. Priming.
For transplanting Lofofrah Williams, you can purchase both prepared soil intended for cacti and prepare the mixture yourself. It is important that the acidity does not exceed 6.6 pH.
In order to prepare the soil yourself, you must mix:
- perlite - 2 parts,
- turf ground - part 1,
- brick crumb - 1 part,
- bone meal - 10 g per 10 l of the mixture.
The main criterion for choosing a soil is high water permeability. As a drainage, you can use expanded clay, brick chips, clay shards.
Top dressing is best done during the growing season. To do this, use a special fertilizer for cacti, which is applied at intervals of 1 time in 4 weeks. It is recommended to stop feeding during the wintering period. Crop.
If, when transplanting a cactus, it was found that the roots have grown too large, then they are recommended to be pruned. For this you need:
- Remove the plant from the pot and gently clean the earth from lumps.
- Take a sharp blade, disinfect it with a solution of potassium permanganate.
- Cut the excess roots in such a way that the third part of the root system remains.
- Dust the cut sites with crushed coal and leave to dry.
- As soon as the cuts are dry, plant in a new pot.
Since Lofoforah Williams has a root-like root, the capacity for transplanting must be deep. Its diameter should not exceed 3 cm in size of the previous pot. A plastic or ceramic pot is best for this plant.
Adult specimens are recommended to replant at the beginning of the growing season (most often in spring), with a frequency of every 3 years. Young plants (up to three years) are recommended to replant each year.
In order to transplant a cactus, you must:
- Remove the plant from the pot, gently clean the clods of earth. Trim if necessary. If the roots were damaged during extraction, they should be sprinkled with crushed coal and wait for the damaged areas to dry out a bit.
- At the bottom of the pot pour a layer of drainage. It can be expanded clay or crushed brick chips.
- Put a little bit of soil on the bottom of the pot, place the cactus in it so that the root looks exactly down, sprinkle with earth, slightly compacted.
- Cover the cactus with a film or place in a place with high humidity. 2 weeks after transplanting cactus must be watered.
In the autumn, with the onset of cold weather, peyote cease to be watered and cleaned in a cool place, where the air temperature is about 5-10 degrees. If during the cold wintering to continue to water the cactus, then soon it may rot.
Reproduction kids and seeds
To get a new plant, you must either use the side shoots (kids) or sow the seed material. Seed reproduction is the easiest way. Seeds can be bought at the store, ordered online, or obtained on their own after the cactus has faded and the fruit has ripened on it. Cacti can be sown at any time of the year.
For this you need:
- Prepare a wide and shallow container.
- Pour into the container soil, consisting of three parts of flower soil and one part of coarse-grained river sand.
- The surface of the soil must be moistened, pour the seeds on top and slightly push them.
- Cover the container with plastic wrap and put it in a warm place where the air temperature will be between 20 and 30 degrees.
- It is necessary to germinate seeds in the place where the lighting will be at least 10 hours a day.
- After 1-1.5 months cacti grow up and get stronger, and they can be transplanted.
In order to propagate peyote kids, you must:
- Autumn neatly separate the processes from the mother's body.
- Take a wide container, fill it with perlite. Put the kids on perlite.
- Care for them as for adult cacti in winter. Do not water.
- In the spring, after they have roots, transplanted into permanent pots.
Lofofor Williams (in another translation of Williams) blooms throughout the summer, from June to September inclusive. Usually several times over the summer. Flowers appear on the top of the stem, most often have a delicate pink color. During flowering peyote is recommended to create a maximum of rest: do not move the flowerpot to another place, limit watering, do not create stressful conditions.
If the cactus does not bloom, then this means that:
- Wintering rules were violated (too high air temperature or watering).
- Overly abundant was watering in spring and summer.
- Lofofora diffuse - has a spherical flat shape with a diameter of about 15 cm, a dull surface, yellowish-white flowers with a diameter of up to 2 cm.
- Lofofora lutea - has a stem yellowish-green, brown or gray shade, with a diameter of not more than 10 cm. The flowers are yellowish-white or light yellow, diameter not more than 3 cm.
- Green Lophophore - has a dark green spherical stem with a diameter of not more than 20 cm, with numerous ribs along the entire length. The flowers are white, diameter is not more than 2 cm.
- Lofofora - has a bluish-green stem, with a diameter of not more than 13 cm, with ribs and tubercles. On the surface there are tufts of wool. White flowers, diameter not more than 2 cm.
- Lofofra mescaline - small cactus, with a diameter of not more than 8 cm, gray-green color. The tip is rounded, on the surface there is a tuft with white hairs.
Thus, Lofofor Williams is one of the most unpretentious cacti, and at the same time has an unusual appearance and blooms, subject to simple rules on care, all summer, delighting its owner with beautiful flowers.
From time immemorial, the Indians of Central and North America knew about the intoxicating properties of some species of cacti. They used them in their religious cults. After the use of a narcotic flower, the Indians began to hallucinate, during which they communicated with the spirits.
One of these plants is the peyote cactus (Lophophora williamsii). It is bluish-green in color, and instead of thorny needles, soft white "tufts" grow on it. This cactus contains a strong hallucinogen - mescaline. As experts say, the taste of peyote is very bitter and leaves a rather unpleasant feeling in the mouth. And if you do not use it on an empty stomach, nausea and vomiting occur.
In addition to the harmful effects of drugs on the human body, peyote is considered a good analgesic and antibacterial agent. It can cure toothache, as well as fever, asthma, neurasthenia, and many other diseases.
Another cactus that causes drug intoxication is San Pedro (Echinopsis pachanoi). This is a large columnar cactus. Its height sometimes reaches 6 meters. It, as well as peyote, contains mescaline. San Pedro is considered a sacred ritual plant by the shamans of Peru. They are sure the cactus can help understand the meaning of life. From slices of San Pedro shamans prepare a drink that causes hallucinations. It is used when entering into a trance. Also, small doses are sometimes used as an aphrodisiac.
To jail for the flower on the windowsill
It is worth noting that it is almost impossible to grow a cactus with narcotic properties on the windowsill. In order for the plant to develop hallucinogenic substances, it needs a certain climate: the scorching sun of the American deserts, the chemical composition of the soil, and the difference in day and night temperatures. Fans of intoxicating substances, who tried to grow a cactus-drug at home, besides unpleasant taste and smell, as well as strong diarrhea, have not experienced any unusual sensations.
Despite this, the cultivation of peyote cacti and San Pedro is prohibited in many countries. Among them is Russia. For the cultivation of these plants in large quantities, according to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, you can lose the freedom from 3 to 8 years. A large number is considered 2 or more cacti. And for one plant can impose a fine in the amount of 500-700 minimum wage. So, being fond of growing cacti, pay attention to such nuances. Even if the “flowers of the desert” you plant just for beauty, ignorance of the law will not relieve from responsibility.