The long-liver (lives about 400 years) can boast the correct narrow-pyramidal form of the crown, which, as it grows, changes to broad-pyramidal. In 1705, English Lord Weymouth took her out of her native habitat to plant his estate. Since then, the species of the Wemouth pine has stuck to this species, in addition to the official - the white eastern one. This type of tree is fast-growing, it can only yield to larch in its growth rate. A tree is much more resistant to negative environmental factors, to frost than the pine or black wood we all know. The culture is not particularly demanding on soils, it tolerates water logging very well, the only exception is the intolerance of trees of this type of saline soils. It has its weakness - it is very low resistance to fungal disease - rust. Planted should be only proven healthy specimens and to avoid neighborhoods with carriers of the disease: currants, rowan, hawthorn and gooseberries.
How to choose a sapling?
When buying should pay attention to the root system of the young tree. It must be necessarily with a lump of earth, in a container or wrapped in material. A suitable for planting instance has a rich color. Avoid trees with yellowed needles. Young shoots completely naked, without rusty felt, with a weak resinous. Conifer needles reach a length of 15 cm.
The unique mountain pine enters blossoms from April to May. Cones have a narrow, cylindrical shape, a light green color, very decorative, shaped like spruce, but larger. Ripen in late September, and only in the second year after pollination.
Where better to place the tree and how to plant it
Weymouth pine - light-loving tree. When planting choose sunny places. The best time for planting seedlings - from late April to early May. The tree is unpretentious to the ground, but there is one exception - never plant trees in saline soil. Decide on the type of planting: in the group mode, the adjacent seedlings are planted at a distance of one and a half meters, for tapeworms - every four meters.
An adult rooted plant is resistant to drought, but the young need additional watering. To ensure a good winter for the tree, in the fall it is plentifully watered a couple of times, using up to 15 liters of water per seedling. For active awakening in the spring spraying and abundant watering is carried out.
What is wood mulching for?
Mulching prevents drying of the soil around the plant. This method helps to transfer temperature drops in the cold months. Mulch is made from sawdust, peat, bark and leaf humus. This mixture covers the ground under a tree, the thickness of the layer - up to fifteen centimeters. This method is good as an additional seedling feed. The soil around the young tree should always be loosened. In the autumn should be repeated mulching.
When and what to feed trees?
Usually feeding is carried out at the time of planting a tree. Fertilizers - nitroammofosk (on average 40-50 grams) or humus. The first two years, young trees are fed (but not necessarily where it is important to monitor the level of soil moisture during this period) with a special fertilizer for coniferous trees.
When breeding pine use two methods:
• seed - the most affordable method, which gives a good result, especially when stratifying seeds,
• grafting - in this way, highly decorative and varietal trees breed.
The method of grafting to the Wemouth pine is not applied due to poor survival. Pine begins to fructify with 25 years. If you are not engaged in breeding, it is easier to buy ready-made seedlings.
What diseases and pests threaten the life of white pine?
Consider what has the Weymouth pine disease. The most dangerous enemy that can knock down your tree is a rust mushroom. How to avoid trouble? Prevent her in advance! Do not plant trees near the distributors of danger: bush bushes (currants, gooseberries) and mountain ash. Inspect trees regularly. If you notice orange caps of mushrooms on them, immediately carry out the treatment (three times) with Bordeaux liquid or rotor. The second danger that awaits plantings is the disease of young sjutte seedlings (shedding and yellowing of the needles). For prevention, water and feed trees with organic fertilizer, yellowed and fallen needles should be removed from the planted area. In July-August, trees must be treated with a 2% solution of colloidal sulfur or Bordeaux mixture.
How to help winter the young tree?
The Weymutov pine, described above, is adapted to frost, and the sapling requires additional protection. Cover it with spruce leaves or burlap, it is to provide the tree with protection against sunburn (often occur in snowless seasons) in February - March. In early April, the protection can be removed. These simple rules will help you grow an excellent strong and durable tree that will delight you and saturate the air with the healing aroma exuded by its needles.
Purpose and application of the Wemouth pine
Homogeneous soft wood is excellent for the production of furniture and interior decoration, it is a high-quality building material, easy to process. For these qualities, the Weymutov pine at home in the XVIII century was mercilessly destroyed. At the request of the English Royal Navy, sailing ships were made of wood. At the moment it is a protected view.
Pine in landscape construction
Pine Weymouth, planting and care for which are quite simple, does not have immunity against bubbly rust, because of which it is planted in large groups along with other conifers, or in less important places of the park so that the attack of individual trees does not violate the integrity of the composition. The forest cultivation value of this variety is small for the same reason.
It has numerous forms that are appreciated in ornamental gardening. The main ones are:
• Pyramid - a tree with long raised branches that form a columnar crown.
• Low - a bushy-pyramidal tree shape with shorter needles.
• Weeping - arcuately curved branches, the ends of which touch the ground. The height of such a tree reaches 2 meters. This is one of the most beautiful weeping pines.
• Umbrella - a densely branched low bush with an umbrella crown.
• Creeping - trunk drooping to the ground, the branches horizontally prostrate in all directions.
• Golden - the tree firmly holds the golden color of the needles, especially on young shoots.
• Silver - a short tree with silver-white needles.
• Blue - a plant resistant to urban conditions with bluish needles and a dense crown.
• Motley - a tree whose pride is golden-motley needles.
Popular varieties of mountain pine:
- The pine of the Weymouth Radiat is a low coniferous tree of a cone-shaped form. Great for group and single landings. Looks great on the alpine hills. Shade tolerance and cold resistance distinguish this variety. Beware of planting in lime and dry soils.
- The Weymouth Pine Minimus is a dwarf bush-like variety that reaches one meter in height. With age, the plant acquires the pad shape of the crown. At the end of the summer, the color of the needles changes to bluish-green. Cold-resistant, but does not tolerate drought. The tree is suitable for planting in the Japanese, rocky gardens, for the design of alpine slides.
- Weymutov Makopin pine - dwarf variety, slow-growing. The adult plant reaches one and a half meters in height. Grade shade tolerant, frost resistant.
- Pine Veymutova Pine - decorative tree with unusual, falling down the branches. Reaches four meters in height. For this plant, it is desirable to have a sunny place with a drained soil with an acidic or alkaline reaction. Moisture-loving variety. Growing very fast.
- The Weymouth Blue Sheg pine is a dwarf, fast-growing variety of pine. Moisture-loving tree is often used in the design of stone gardens and alpine gardens.
- The pine of the Weymouth Fasciata is an evergreen tree, undemanding to the sight of the soil. The only thing he needs is good drainage and a sunny place. This is a great option for urban landings.
Mountain White Pine: Description of Varieties and Their Photos
Coniferous evergreen tree, whose height is 30-67 m. In the homeland, occasionally there are specimens up to 80 m. The crown of a young plant is regular, conical with a pronounced haze, due to this it seems to be openwork and loose.
With the age of the tree, the crown acquires an uneven wide-pyramidal shape. And in old age, the crown becomes rarely branched and horizontal. Trunk straight, covered with a characteristic gray-green bark. In young pines, it is smooth and shiny, with age it becomes wrinkled with large red-black cracks. Young shoots are thin (2-3 mm) and rather fragile.
Initially green, in the future - red-brown, sometimes with a purple hue. The shoots are completely bare, very rarely pubescent, they do not even have rusty felt, unlike cedar pine. Kidneys differ weak resinous. Their length is up to 1 cm, the shape is ovate-ovate, elongated to the apex. The pride of the tree is its long (10-15 cm) needles.
Weymutov pine in the photo shows all its beauty and inherent uniqueness. It is clearly visible that the needles are extremely thin, light green, soft, flexible. Flowering pine in April and May. Cones narrow, cylindrical, slightly curved. The length is 8-20 cm with a thickness of 4 cm. The color is light green. Ripen closer to the end of September on the 2nd year after pollination.
Weymouth Pine Radiata (Radiata)
A low coniferous tree, reaching 25 m in 25-year-olds. Crown is cone-shaped, tracery. With age it becomes spherical or flattened. The needles are bluish-green, collected in bundles of 5 pieces, thick. The length of the needles - 10 cm. Cones are located on 1 - 8 pieces. The shape is narrow cylindrical. Length 7-15 cm, width - up to 4 cm. More often curved, grayish or light brown hanging cones are found. Maturity reaches the second year.
Weymouth pine “Radiata” is good for group and single plantings. It can be used for container cultivation, for landscaping a rocky area. But you should avoid calcareous and dry soils. Differs in high shade tolerance and winter resistance. It grows well on nutritious, moderately hydrated, drained, slightly acidic soil.
Weymouth Pine "Minima" (Minima)
Minima is a bush dwarf variety. It reaches a height of 0.8-1 m with a crown diameter of 1.5 m. The increase is small. For a year 5-7 cm. The krone is symmetric, dense, wide. With age, the plant acquires a cushion shape. The needles are deep green, thin, but very tough, medium in length, thick. At the end of the summer changes the shade to a bluish-green.
Hanging cones, located on 1-3 pieces. Form - narrow cylindrical, slightly curved. Length - 20 cm, width - 4 cm.
Used for decoration of retaining walls, forest edges, slopes, alpine hills, Japanese, heather and rocky gardens. He likes a sunny place, fresh, moist, well-drained soil. It reacts poorly to lack of moisture. Winter tolerates well.
Weymouth Pine "Macopin" (Macopin)
Dwarf form of woody pine in the form of a bush. In height of 1-1.5 m. It grows slowly, no more than 8 cm per year. The shape of the crown is completely symmetrical, regular, wide pyramidal or rounded. The top is smoothed. Cones elongated cylindrical shape up to 20 cm, slightly curved. Arranged in groups of 2-3 pieces. on escape. Young cones green, mature brown. The needles are long, thin, relatively soft, densely located. Color - bluish-green.
The shape of shade-tolerant. Moderately moist, drained and nutritious soils are preferred. Perfect loam and sandy loam. High frost resistance.
Often used in small homesteads. Can grow as a solitary, and in mixed, coniferous groups and rock gardens.
Weymouth Pine "Minimus" (Minimus)
Dwarf slow-growing form. With a crown diameter of 1-1.5 m, the height of the tree reaches only 0.8-1 m.
The needles are average in length, soft, bluish-greenish color. Collected in 5 pieces in bundles. Shoots thick, short.
Ideal for small areas, looks good on alpine slides.
Can be used as a single plant, and in the group with other conifers.
It is not demanding on the soil, but prefers a moderately moist, nutritious soil. Like all conifers, tolerates winter frosts.
Weymouth Pine "Pendula" (Pendula)
Weymouth weeping pine (Pinus strobus) “Pendula” presents an extraordinarily decorative look. This is a coniferous tree with long, twisted, branches falling to the ground. It grows up to 4 m in height.
The diameter of the crown - about 4 m. It is worth noting that the diameter of the crown in this form is always greater than the height. It grows pretty fast. Annual growth is 18-20 cm. The shape of the crown is cone-shaped, asymmetric. The needles are thin, bluish-green needles, collected in 5 pieces in bundles.
Cones are 10-15 cm long, light brown in color. Sometimes with a gray or purple shade. Hang on the shoots in bunches.
The tree prefers well-lit places. Likes drained soil with keel or alkaline reaction. It grows well on loams and sandy loams. Drought tolerates poorly. It is frost-resistant.
The unusual appearance of the tree led to its use in the design of the parade areas of the garden, backyard areas, recreation areas. It also looks appropriate "Pendula" in the heather and rocky garden.
Weymouth Pine Blue Sheg (Blue Shag)
Dwarf, fast-growing variety of white pine. The crown is spherical in shape. Its diameter is 1.5 m with a height of an adult plant not more than 1.2 m.
The needles are blue-green, thin, soft, gathered in bunches of several pieces. Loves sunny places. Responds well to drained soil. Does not tolerate drought. Resistant to frost.
Weymouth Pine “Blue Sheg” is a beautiful tree, because of its decorative nature, ideally suited as a container culture for decorating a small courtyard, alpine and rock garden, for creating various compositions.
Weymouth Pine Fastigiata (Fastigiata)
An evergreen tree with a narrow columnar crown. In an adult plant, the crown becomes more spreading. Pine weymouth Fastigiata has a high growth rate.
The average annual increment is 30 cm, in some cases up to 50 cm. An adult plant is 10-15 m in height and 1.5-2 m in width. At the age of 25, the tree reaches 5.5 m in height and 1.3 m in width. The shoots are quite hard, directed upwards. Dark green needles can be straight or slightly twisted. Cones are gray-brown in color, 2-5 cm in length.
To the soil, this form of the wemouth pine is not demanding at all. It grows both on dry and fresh soils. Feels good on alkaline and acidic soils. The only condition is good drainage.
The sun loves, does not tolerate the shadow. Therefore, when landing you need to choose a sunny place. It is resistant to many pests and diseases. It can grow in urban environments, as it carries air pollution and urban conditions. Used in landscape design of many gardens and parks.
White Pine: reproduction
Weymouth pine multiplies in two ways: seeds and grafting. Cutting is not used, because the cuttings take root very poorly. Graft and highly decorative forms multiply by grafting. Seed propagation is the easiest and cheapest way. Particularly good results can be achieved with preliminary stratification of seed material.
Weymouth pine begins to bear fruit from the age of 25, sometimes a little earlier.
Seeds propagate quite easily. However, this method is appropriate for reproduction of the main species, since the percentage of conservation varietal characteristics is very small. Germination of seed material is maintained for 1.5-2 years (at room temperature) and more than 15 years in sealed packaging at a temperature of 0-5 ° C.
During reproduction, it should be borne in mind that the embryo in the seed is in a dormant state and is not capable of immediate germination. Therefore, to wake him, you need to be exposed to low temperature.
For this purpose, sowing of seeds under the winter to a depth of 1.5-2 cm is used. It is possible to use the snowing of crops in a box or container until spring. If spring germination is used, the seeds must be cold stratified for 4-5 months at a temperature of + 3 + 5 ° С. To germinate stratified seed, a mixture of Leafy ground, sand, and peat (3: 1: 1) is used. . Germination occurs at a temperature of + 18 + 22 ° C. Watering moderate. In the ground, the seedlings obtained are transplanted easily, the transplant is well tolerated. Стоит запомнить, что семена 2-хвойных видов высеваются весной после предварительной стратификации в течение месяца. А 5-хвойные формы лучше высевать осенью или весной. Но при весеннем посеве используются семена после 4-5 месяцев стратификации, что намного эффективнее посева осенью.
Если предполагается черенкование, то стоит учесть, что зимние черенки плохо укореняются без обработки стимуляторами, которая позволяет укорениться 80% черенков.
А можно просто купить готовый саженец веймутовой сосны, которые продаются в горшках или контейнерах. Иногда можно встретить дерево с корневой системой, обернутой в материю, что тоже допускается. The main conditions are wet earthy ball and needles with intense color. It is also worth considering that seedlings (especially imported ones) should be adapted to the climatic features of the zone where they will grow.
Whitewood pine: care
Most species of White Pine do not require special care, they are resistant to diseases and pests. Adult trees are characterized by drought tolerance. But young trees need additional watering. However, if necessary, good watering, trees do not tolerate stagnant water and soil salinization. In order for young pines to winter well, they spend 3-4 irrigations in autumn. 10-15 liters of water is poured under each plant. For even arousal in the spring is recommended spraying and abundant watering. Pines tolerate poor soil, but grow better on rich.
To prevent drying of the soil around the trunk, it is recommended to mulch the soil. The same method smoothes the temperature drops in the winter months. Mulch is made from crushed sawdust, peat, bark, wood chips or sheet humus with a layer of 10-15 cm. In addition, it is an excellent source of nutrients for the root system. To prevent soil compaction, it is recommended to periodically loosen it. In this case, the mulch is mixed with the ground, so it is necessary to re-mulch in the fall.
Like all trees, conifers respond well to fertilizing. For the White Pine there is enough top dressing when planting seedlings. For this, humus soil or 40-50 nitroammophoses are introduced into the soil. Within 2 years after planting, young pines can be fed with special complex fertilizers for conifers. But this is optional. With age, trees do not need additional feeding. It is more important to monitor the optimum level of soil moisture.
As for pruning and shaping, in order to create a dense crown, as well as to slow down growth, sometimes in the spring, a small part of one-year-old shoots are plucked. Crown formation is also possible by breaking out growth buds in spring or shortening shoots in summer.
Vermutic diseases are rather resistant to diseases, but they have weak resistance to rust (rust fungus). Therefore, in no case should not be planted with pine gooseberry, currants, mountain ash and hawthorn, which are carriers of this disease. As soon as the plants appear bright orange manifestations of the pads of the fungus, it is necessary to carry out a threefold treatment with Bordeaux liquid or rotor.
Young seedlings are often subjected to shyutta - a disease in which the needles begin to turn yellow and crumble. Therefore, for prevention, it is advisable to feed the seedlings with organic fertilizers and water. Fallen needles are immediately removed. If the tree is still sick, in July and August it is necessary to carry out treatment with Bordeaux mixture or 2% colloidal sulfur solution. It is very important to take into account that the conifers, for the most part, do not immediately signal “numbing”. Most often, the manifestation of the disease is noticeable only with yellowing and falling needles. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly review the trees for the presence of pests and diseases.
As for the sensitivity to air pollution by smoke and gases, representatives of the White pine trees do not tolerate urban growth conditions very well. However, they have better resistance than pine.
Like all conifers, all forms of the White pine have high winter-resistance. But young trees should be covered for the winter with sacking or any other covering material. Oddly enough, covering material is needed more from the sun than from the bitter cold. The fact is that pines, especially young ones, suffer from sunburn in February and March. More often "burn" trees in snowless winters. When the risk of burns subsided, around April, the covering material is immediately removed.
Weymouth Pine Short Description
As it is also called in literary sources, white eastern pine in its traditional form is a large tree in height from thirty to sixty seven meters. Less common dwarf forms in the form of small, ornamental shrubs. Under natural conditions it grows in eastern North America and Canada. Pine owes its spread throughout the world to the English Lord Weymouth, in 1705 he brought it to England to grow it in his estate, and from there it was introduced to many corners of the world. Since then, Eastern White Pine has received its second most popular informal name, Weymouth Pine.
Pine characterized by rapid growthFor the season, the increase in height reaches up to half a meter. The arrangement of the branches is horizontal, the needles are soft, long, about ten centimeters, collected in bundles of five pieces. Pine cones hang, on long petioles, have a narrow cylindrical shape, slightly curved, light brown in length from eight to twenty centimeters, and ripen, as a rule, only in the second year after the end of flowering.
Trees of this kind live long, up to four hundred years, sometimes there are trees and more respectable age, five hundred years or more. The crown has a regular, very thick, pyramidal shape. Particularly valuable property of this breed is its resistance to adverse environmental factors, these plants tolerate pollution and air pollution, which make them an indispensable element of landscape design and decorative gardening.
Conifers of this species differ in fast growth, frost resistance, undemanding to soil fertility and despite the fact that plants belong to the group of light-loving rocks, it tolerates shade well. Enters fruiting time at the age of 25 years and older. Diseases are resistant to disease but susceptible to fungal diseasesespecially suffer from rust. Therefore, it is unacceptable close proximity to vectors of fungal diseases, which often infect garden crops such as gooseberries, hawthorn, mountain ash and currants.
It is characterized by a large variety of decorative forms. Crohn, these coniferous species can be
And also the breed is rich in color variety of needles. The color range of needles varies from golden to motley shades. And it's just a godsend for landscape designers and gardeners.
The most popular varieties include:
Each species has its own particular phenotype., thanks to which they are used in various landscape compositions. Despite all the diversity of species they share one remarkable quality - they are amazingly beautiful.
Especially decorative varieties of pine such as "Minimus" and Radiata
Weymouth Pine Minimus
Low-growing, dwarf very decorative bush-shaped conifer. The height of an adult tree, even in adulthood, reaches only about a meter. The diameter of the crown and a half meters. With age, the crown of the pine Minimus becomes similar to a down pillow. The needles are soft, gathered in bunches of five pieces, medium length, color is bluish-green, this is especially pronounced at the end of summer. Shoots are short but thick.
This is an unpretentious view, tolerates frost well, which helps its introduction to the northern areas. Moisture-loving, badly tolerating drought. This type of pine is ideal for small landscaped, designer sites, for Japanese gardens, for the design of alpine slides. Propagated by seeds and vaccination.
Weymouth Pine Radiata
Radiata or Radiant species is also a slow-growing shrub. Crown cone-shaped, openwork. With age, the shape of the crown becomes more spherical. The needles are long, up to ten centimeters in length, of a beautiful gray-blue color, collected in bundles of 5 pieces, quite thick, which gives the tree a very decorative look. The narrow cylindrical cones are from seven to fifteen centimeters long, up to four centimeters wide. Maturity cones reach the second year. The pine of Radiata well transfers shading of krone and strong winter frosts. And also looks great in group and single landings. It can be used for container cultivation.
Description of the species
White pine can grow at sea level and at an altitude of up to 1500 m above it, prefers a well-humidified cool climate, sandy and loamy soils, sufficiently shade-tolerant and frost-resistant. White pine is less demanding on light than its cousin, black or ordinary. Not afraid of high snow piles, smoke or gas. But sharply continental conditions with constant winds and dry air for the tree are disastrous. Does not tolerate white pine and too saline soils. The moderate latitudes of Russia are quite suitable for its breeding, but in severe frosts - above 25 ° C - there is a risk of frosting. Other conifers, linden, filbert, maple and beech are best suited to the neighborhood.
In its natural environment, the Pinus strobus lives up to 400 years. The tree trunks are stretched to a height of 40–70 m, reaching a diameter of 1–1.8 m. On average, most specimens grow from 25–37 m. thickens and covered with longitudinal deep cracks. Tree branches diverge horizontally or slightly upwards from the trunks, forming a cone-shaped openwork crown characteristic of many conifers.
In the first decades after planting, the Maymouth pine grows quite quickly: by the age of 35–40 years old, it reaches a height of 17–20 m. Even larch is inferior to it in this. In the subsequent period, the growth rate slows down.
With age, the correct peaked peak of the pines expands and is rounded.
Young shoots of the tree are flexible, greenish, slightly pubescent. The egg-shaped buds up to 0.5 cm in size are brownish in color, they smell gently in resin. The needles are bluish or gray-green, thin and long - about 7–10 cm, maybe slightly curved, located in bunches of 5 each. At the base of the needle is slightly lighter, have serrated edges and sharp tips, but they are soft and elastic. On the branches, the needles are maintained up to 3 years, then gradually replaced by a new one.
Male cones at Weymouth pine are small, not more than 1.5 cm, elliptical, yellow. The females are cylindrical, elongated, 3–4 cm thick, about 10–12 cm long, brownish brown, growing in clusters, hanging on short cuttings. In form, they look like spruce, ripen in September, fall almost immediately after disclosure. The seeds are reddish, 0.5 cm in size, equipped with small wings.
Characteristics and use of wood
Eastern white pine wood is inferior to ordinary strength and hardness, as well as resistance to shock loads and compression. The disadvantages of the breed include low biostability - the material is easily affected by a fungus. The advantage of wood is a small shrinkage and no deformation in the process. Density in dry form is about 420 kg / cubic meter.
A characteristic feature of white pine is the very light color of sapwood. The core array differs slightly - light yellow or beige. The texture is even, fine, with straight fibers, the resin passages are narrow and there are few of them. This is a beautiful uniform material with a matte sheen on the cuts.
Weymouth pine is amenable to all types of processing: sawing, cutting, grinding, polishing, gluing, impregnation with antiseptics, priming solutions, paints. Holds nails, staples and screws well.
Traditionally, this material was used in shipbuilding, erection of buildings for a short time. White pine is well suited for the production of furniture, interior decoration. It is used to make parts of musical instruments, drawing boards, models of sailing vessels, picture frames.
Weymouth pine is long-lived, some specimens reach the age of 400 years. In the wild, it grows in the eastern part of the North American continent. Pine is characterized by a pyramidal shape with the correct outlines. In Europe, the plant fell, thanks to Lord Weymouth. The English aristocrat brought young saplings to the UK to give a more spectacular look to his estate. This was the reason for the plant to receive the appropriate name. The tree is also called differently - “White Eastern Pine” - due to the fact that its wild ancestors settled near the Atlantic coast.
The tree is considered tall because it can reach a height of 60 m. The branches of the pine tree are covered with long soft needles with a bluish-green color. For the young bark of pine characteristic: light gray shade, smooth structure. The surface of the old crust is striated, it has a darker color, having a special violet tonality. Hanging cones 8-20 cm long with a cylindrical shape are visible on the branches. The plant demonstrates rapid growth (second only to larch in this indicator). Pine is deservedly considered to be a hardy tree that is firmly reacting to negative influences from the outside, it is not afraid of frost, it is not particularly demanding on the quality of the soil.
Attention! Weymouth pine does not tolerate greasy soil.
Breeders have worked hard at breeding various varieties of this coniferous "beauty". Especially popular in our conditions are several items. Their description is given below.
- Alba The tree shows rapid growth (the trunk reaches a length of 20 m), has a wide pyramidal crown, whitish needles.
Despite the widespread opinion about the unpretentiousness of this species of pine, it is necessary to follow certain rules when growing it. This will decorate the site with a healthy, durable specimen with high decorative qualities.
- Watering. In the activities of irrigation (in intense heat) need seedlings during the first year of growth. The soil around adult pines needs to be additionally watered only during dry summer at the rate of 10 liters of water - 1 tree.
- Feeding. The priority is the use of ready-made commercial feedings produced for coniferous representatives. The soil under young pines is fertilized in the spring annually. Adult specimens are fed more often - 2 times a year (in the spring, as well as in early autumn).
- Sanitary pruning. During the season (spring - autumn), inspection, removal of broken, dry, diseased, twisted shoots is practiced.
- Mulching. The procedure contributes to the preservation of soil moisture, eliminates the need for loosening, ensures the creation of the best conditions for beneficial flora that live in the soil. Recommended use:
- crushed bark
Important! Adult pine is able to winter without problems. For young, weak seedlings shelter settles (spunbond cap).
Weymouth pine is often selected for landscaping park areas, planted near public buildings. Well-groomed plant gives the unique features of the local area. A wonderful tree can be a source of pride for owners for many years.
And on your site there are coniferous plants?
Pine - description and characteristics of the tree.
The pine tree grows very quickly, especially in the first 100 years. The height of the trunk of a pine varies from 35 meters to 75 meters, and the diameter of the trunk can reach 4 meters. On wetland soils and under adverse growing conditions, the height of century-old trees does not exceed 100 cm.
Pine is a light-loving plant. The flowering time comes at the end of spring, but the process takes place without the appearance of flowers. As a result, pine cones are formed, which differ in the variety of shapes, sizes and colors.
Male cones of most species of pine have an elongated, cylindrical-ellipsoidal shape and a length of up to 15 cm. Female pine cones are mostly rounded, broadly ovate or slightly flattened, 4 to 8 cm long. , brown, brick red, purple and almost black.
Men's pine cones
Female pine cone
Newly-formed female pine cones (above) and female cones of the 2nd year of development (center)
Pine seeds have a hard shell and are both winged and wingless. In some species of pine (cedar pine) seeds are edible.
Seeds of Scots Pine
Pine - a tree, the crown of which has a conical shape, turning into old age in the likeness of a huge umbrella. The structure of the cortex also depends on age. If at the beginning of the life cycle it is smooth and almost without cracks, then by the age of one hundred years it acquires a fair thickness, cracks and becomes dark gray in color.
The shape of a tree is formed by long shoots that lumber with time, on which needles and needles grow. Pine needles are smooth, tough and sharp, gathered in bunches and have a life span of up to 3 years. In the form of needles, pines are trihedral or sector. Their length varies from 4 to 20 cm. Depending on the number of leaves (needles) in the beam, there are pine trees:
- double conifers (for example, Scotch pine, seaside pine),
- triple conifers (for example, Bunge pine),
- five-coniferous (for example, Siberian pine, Weymouth pine, Japanese white pine).
Depending on the species, the trunk of the pine can be straight or curved. Shrub pine species have a multi-crown creeping type, formed by several trunks.
Annual rings on the cross-section of the Angara pine trunk
Форма кроны сосны зависит от видовой принадлежности и может быть
У большинства видов крона расположена достаточно высоко, но у некоторых разновидностей, например, у македонской сосны (лат. Pinus peuce), крона начинается почти у самой земли.
К качеству почвы растение неприхотливо. Корневая система сосны пластична и зависит от условий произрастания. В достаточно увлажненных почвах корни дерева расползаются параллельно поверхности на расстояние до 10 метров и уходят вниз неглубоко. В сухих почвах стержневой корень дерева уходит на 6-8 м вглубь. Сосна плохо реагирует на городской, загрязненный и загазованный воздух. При этом почти все представители рода хорошо переносят низкие температуры.
Автор фото: Trance Light
Где растет сосна?
Basically, pines grow in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, the growth limits extend from the north of Africa to the regions beyond the Arctic Circle, including Russia, European countries, North America, Asia. Pine forms both pine forests and mixed forests, along with spruces and other trees. Nowadays, thanks to artificial cultivation, this type of pine as a radiant pine can be found in Australia, New Zealand, Madagascar and even in South Africa.
On the territory of Russia, 16 wild species of pine trees are widely distributed, among which the common pine occupies the leading place. Siberian cedar is common in Siberia. Korean cedar is often found in the Amur region. In the mountainous areas from the Pyrenees to the Caucasus grow mountain pines. Crimean pines are found in the mountains of Crimea and the Caucasus.
Author photo: Ruta Badina
Types of pines, photos and titles.
- Pine ordinary(lat. Pinus sylvestris) grows in Europe and Asia. The tallest pines can be found on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea: some specimens have a height of up to 40-50 m. Other pines grow up to 25-40 m and have a trunk diameter from 0.5 to 1.2 m. In Scots pine, straight trunk with a thick gray-brown bark, cut by deep cracks. The upper part of the trunk and branches are covered with a thin peeling orange-red bark. Young pines are distinguished by a cone-shaped crown, with age the branches assume a horizontal position, and the crown becomes wide and rounded. Scots pine wood is a valuable building material due to its resinous and high strength. Ethanol is produced from pine sawdust; essential oils and rosin are produced from resin resin. Common pine varieties: Alba Picta, Albyns, Aurea, Beuvronensis, Bonna, Candlelight, Chantry Blue, Compressa, Frensham, Glauca, Globosa Viridis, Hillside Creeper, Jeremy, Moseri, Norske Typ, Repanda, Viridid Compacta, Fastigiata, Fridtig, Fastigiata, Jeremy, Repanda, Viridid Compacta, Fastigiata, Jeremy, Moseri, Norske Typ
Photo by: Juhász Péter
Author photo: Didier Descouens
Pine ordinary varieties of Globosa Viridis
- Siberian Cedar Pineshe Siberian cedar(lat. Pinus sibirica) - The closest relative of Scots pine, and not real cedar, as many mistakenly believe. A tree up to 40 m high (usually up to 20-25 m) is distinguished by thick branches and a thick crown with many tops. Straight even trunk of a pine has a gray-brown color. The needles are soft, long (up to 14 cm), dark green, with a bluish bloom. Siberian cedar enters fructification at about 60 years of age. Gives large ovoid cones that grow up to 13 cm in length and up to 5-8 cm in diameter. At the beginning of growth, they are purple in color, mature brown. The ripening time of the cones is 14-15 months, the fall starts in September of the following year. One Siberian cedar pine gives up to 12 kg of nuts per season. Siberian cedar is a typical inhabitant of dark-coniferous taiga in the territory of Western and Eastern Siberia.
Author photo: Maria Novikova
Photo by: Crusier
- Pine marsh (long coniferous)(lat. Pinus palustris) - a massive tree growing to 47 m in height and having a trunk diameter of up to 1.2 m. The distinctive features of the species are yellow-green needles, the length of which can reach 45 cm, and the exceptional fire resistance of wood. Long pine pine grows in southeastern North America, from Virginia and North Carolina to Louisiana and Texas.
- Pine of Montezuma (white pine)(lat. Pinus montezumae) grows up to 30 m in height and has a long (up to 30 cm) grayish-green needles, collected in bunches of 5 pieces. The tree received this name in honor of the last leader of the Aztecs, Montezuma, who decorated his headdress with the needles of this pine. White pine grows in western North America and in Guatemala. In many countries with a temperate climate, it is grown as an ornamental plant, as well as for collecting edible nuts.
Author photo: ColinFine
Photo by: Pratheep P S
- Pine stanicashe elfin cedar(lat. Pinus pumila) - a type of low bushy trees with widely spread branches, distinguished by a variety of crown forms, which can be tree-like, creeping or cup-shaped. Trees grow up to 4-5 m, rarely up to 7 m in height. The branches of the creeping pines are pressed to the ground, and their tips are raised by 30-50 cm. The needles of the pine wood of bluish-green, from 4 to 8 cm long. Pine cones are small, ovate or elongated. Nuts are small, up to 9 mm in length and 4-6 mm in width. In the harvest year from 1 hectare you can collect up to 2 centners of nuts. Elfin cedar is an unpretentious plant, adapted to the harsh northern climate. Widely distributed from Primorye to Kamchatka, in the north of the range it goes beyond the Arctic Circle. Varieties of elfin pine: Blue Dwarf, Glauca, Globe, Chlorocarpa, Draijer’s Dwarf, Jeddeloh, Jermyns, Nana, Saentis.
Photo by: Dr. Nick kurzenko
Author photo: Anisimov Denis Alekseevich
Blue dwarf elfin pine
- Crimean pineshe Pallas pine(lat. Pinus nigra subsp. Pallasiana, Pinus pallasiana) - a tall tree (up to 45 m), with a wide, pyramidal, in old age - an umbrella-shaped crown. Pine needles are dense, prickly, up to 12 cm long, cones are shiny, brown, oblong, up to 10 cm long. The Crimean pine is listed in the Red Book, but is used as a valuable building material, in particular for shipbuilding, and also as a decorative tree for park landscaping and creating a protective forest belt. Crimean pine grows in the Crimea (mainly on the southern slopes of Yalta) and in the Caucasus.
Author photo: Tatiana Vinokurova
Author photo: Bonnlander
Author photo: Tatiana Vinokurova
- Mountain pineshe European pine tree or zherep(lat. Pinus mugo) - treelike shrub with a pin-shaped or creeping multilateral crown. The needles are twisted or curved, dark green in color, up to 4 cm long. Wood with a red-brown core is widely used in joinery and turning. Young shoots and pine cones are used in the cosmetic industry and medicine. The skull is a typical representative of the alpine and subalpine climatic zone of southern and central Europe. Mountain pine and its varieties are very often used in landscape design. The most famous varieties are Gnome, Pug, Chao-chao, Winter Gold, Mugus, Pumilio, Varella, Carstens and others.
Photo by Michal Klajban
Pine mountain grade Mugus
Pine mountain grade Pumilio
Pine mountain grade Carstens
- White Pineshe white pine tree(lat. Pinus albicaulis) different smooth light gray bark. Straight or sinuous trunk of a pine grows up to 21 m in height and looks almost white from afar. In young trees, the crown has the shape of a cone, becomes rounded with age. The needles are curved, short (up to 3-7 cm in length), of an intense yellow-green color. Male cones elongated, bright red, female features a spherical or flattened shape. Edible seeds of white-stem pine are an important food source for many animals: American walnut, red squirrel, grizzly bears and baribal. Golden woodpecker and blue sialia often nest in tree crowns. White-stemmed pines grow in the mountainous regions of the subalpine belt of North America (Cascade Mountains, Rocky Mountains). Popular pine varieties: Duckpass, Falling Rock, Glenn Lake, Mini, Tioga Lake, Nr1 Dwarf.
Photo by: Richard Sniezko
Photo by Matt Lavin
Author photo: Walter Siegmund
Pine white grade Glenn Lake
- Himalayan pineshe pine bhutan or pine Walliha(lat. Pinus wallichiana) - tall, beautiful tree, widely cultivated around the world as an ornamental. The average height of pine is 30-50 m. Himalayan pine grows in the mountains from Afghanistan to the Chinese province of Yunnan. Himalayan pine varieties: Densa Hill, Nana, Glauca, Vernisson, Zebrina.
Author photo: Velela
Himalayan pine varieties Zebrina
Author photo: Robin Abraham
- Pine pine(Italian pine) (lat. Pinus pinea) - a very beautiful tree with a height of 20-30 meters with a dark green, compact crown, with the age of taking the shape of an umbrella due to prostrate branches. Pine needles are long (up to 15 cm), graceful, dense, with a light bluish bloom. The pine has almost round large lumps up to 15 cm long. The seeds of the pine tree are 4 times larger than the cedar, with up to 8 tons of nuts are obtained from 1 ha. From the ground pine seeds, referred to in Italy as pintles, they prepare the famous pesto sauce. Due to the exceptionally beautiful shape of the crown, pine pina is a valuable ornamental plant that is actively used in the art of bonsai. In its natural environment, pine grows along the Mediterranean coast, from the Iberian Peninsula to Asia Minor. Cultivated in the Crimea and the Caucasus.
Author photo: Alessio Sbarbaro
Author photo: Javier Mediavilla Ezquibela
- Pine blackshe Austrian black pine (lat. Pinus nigra) grows in the northern part of the Mediterranean, less commonly found in parts of Morocco and Algeria. The tree, with a height of 20 to 55 meters, prefers to grow in the mountains or on rocks of magmatic origin and often grows at an altitude of 1300-1500 meters above sea level. The crown of young trees is pyramid, with age it becomes umbrella-shaped. The needles are long, 9-14 cm, of a very dark shade of green, depending on the variety, and are shiny and matte. The view is quite decorative and is often used by lovers of coniferous trees for landscape plantings. Popular varieties of black pine are Pierik Bregon, Piramidalis, Austrian (Austriaca), Bambino (Bambino).
Author photo: Przykuta
Black pine grade Pyramidalis
Bambino Black Pine
- Weymouth Pineshe white eastern pine (lat. Pinus strobus). Under natural conditions, the species grows in northeastern North America and in the southeastern provinces of Canada. Less common in Mexico, Guatemala. A tree with a perfectly straight trunk, reaching 130-180 cm in girth, can grow to a height of 67 meters. The crown of young pine trees is cone-shaped, becomes rounded with age, and more often of irregular shape. The color of the bark is slightly purple, the needles are straight or slightly curved, 6.5–10 cm long. Weymouth pine is widely used in construction as well as in forestry due to numerous varieties. The most popular varieties of pine: Aurea, Blue Shag, Вrevifolia, Сontorta, Densa.
Author photo: Oksana Velikova
- Angarsk pine is an ecotype of an ordinary pine (lat. Pinus sylvestris). The species is widely distributed in Siberia, in the area of the Angara River basin, and occupies fairly large areas in the forests of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, as well as the Irkutsk Region. Angarsk pine can grow up to 50 m in height, while the trunk circumference often reaches 2 meters. The crown of pine trees is pyramidal, with a sharp top, the bark has an amazing ash-silver tint.
Planting pine and caring for her.
The pine tree is used for gardening of park zones, sanatoria and personal plots. To do this, use seedlings aged 3 to 7 years. The best soil for pine is sandy soil. For heavy soils carry out additional drainage. Between seedlings should be left at least 1.5 m.
Mature trees do not need additional watering, it is necessary only for young plantings. For the best survival of seedlings the first 2 years they are fed with mineral fertilizers. In order to avoid freezing, youngsters should be sheltered for the winter. Pruning of adult plants is necessary for the formation of crown and removal of diseased branches.
Elfin pine Draijer’s Dwarf
Healing properties of pine.
The curative properties of pine were discovered by our distant ancestors: clay tablets 5 thousand years old with recipes of extracts from pine needles were found during excavations of ancient Sumer settlements. Pine needles are rich in phytoncidal volatile substances that disinfect the air, thanks to which medical and health institutions and children's camps are trying to place it in the pine forests.
Kidneys and pine needles have a truly unique chemical composition, containing a lot of substances that are useful for the human body:
- vitamins C, K, B, PP and E,
- essential oil,
- benzoic acid,
In folk and traditional medicine, there are a lot of recipes for the use of pine buds and needles, helping to fight a lot of serious ailments. Here are some of them:
- hypoxia (lack of oxygen in tissues and organs),
- cardiovascular diseases,
- bleeding gums.
The highest concentration of beneficial substances is found in the needles of 2-3 years of age and in the swollen, but not yet blossomed buds of the pine.
Pine essential oil is used to treat colds (bronchitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.). In psychotherapy, it is used to treat nervous disorders.
Pitches and pine tar are used to prepare ointments needed in dermatology.
Contraindications for taking pine-based drugs are chronic renal, hepatic failure, and pregnancy.
The use of pine.
Pine wood is a valuable material that has been used by man for centuries. Without it, it is impossible to do in the construction of private houses and homestead buildings, and the wood is used both as the main and as external finishing material. Pine wood is produced from durable, beautiful and inexpensive furniture, parquet and veneer are made. Pine wood is indispensable for the construction of certain types of bridges and railway canvas, where it is used in the form of made piles and sleepers. Wood pine wool is produced from pine wood, and pine firewood is considered one of the best in terms of heat recovery.
Pine for the New Year.
Traditionally in the Russian houses it was decided to decorate the Christmas tree in the New Year. But with the advent of many nurseries where they grow special decorative varieties of pines, most Russians tend to buy pine for the New Year.
Such trees look simply luxurious: they are distinguished by a beautiful compact form with strong branches and long fluffy needles. In addition, pine, compared with the Christmas tree, does not crumble much longer and has a refreshing, pleasant, tarry aroma.
The decorative qualities of white pine inspired breeders to develop its various varieties suitable for landscaping parks, decorating gardens, squares and front gardens. There are more than a dozen varieties of white pine for landscape design. Among them:
- Alba Suitable for planting on large areas, as it has large sizes: the adult tree reaches a height of 20 m, the crown is wide, pyramidal or asymmetrical, the needles are about 7 cm long, of a silver-green shade.
- Blue Sheg. Dwarf variety suitable for landscaping small areas. An adult tree grows up to 120 cm, the crown is spherical and very thick. The needles are long, beautiful bluish-green color. Blue Sheg loves the sun and moisture, it is frost-resistant.
- Makopin. Shrub slow-growing variety, rises by 5–6 cm a year. During life it reaches 2 m. Crohn is irregular, spreading, saturated green color. Cones are very large - up to 20 cm. The plant tolerates a dense shade, it takes root on scanty soils.
- Radiata. This is a small copy of white pine. An adult tree is drawn up to 2.5–4 m, the annual growth is no more than 12 cm. Crohn is narrow pyramidal at a young age, and later becomes spherical in shape. The needles are long - up to 10 cm, gray-green. Radiata is not afraid of snow, winds and frost, tolerates haircuts.
- Fastigiata. These trees grow quickly, in the year the trunks and branches are extended by 20 cm. The crown has a neatly columnar shape, the needles are very thick, silver-green. The variety is considered to be universal, as it tolerates any climatic conditions, winds, frost, direct sunlight and deep shade.
- Minimus Dwarf shrub with a height of not more than 80 cm, the width can grow up to 1.5 m. Suitable for fans of rare decorative flora. The needles of the plant during the year can change color, becoming from a yellowish-green almost turquoise. The plant is frost-resistant, but very sensitive to unfavorable ecology: it does not tolerate dirty air.
- Pendula. Variety with original hanging crown. The branches of the tree are rarely and arcuate, can move along the ground. The needles are dark green, thick. The height of the pendula grows up to 3-4 m. This pine is suitable for decoration of alpine slides in gardens.
- Louie Variety pinus strobus louie different bright lemon color needles. In the shaded places, her needles become just light green. A mature tree can reach 6 m in height, the crown is pyramidal, compact, dense.
- Pumila. A small ornamental shrub with a height and width of the crown of about 100-150 cm. It has a spherical shape. Emerald-turquoise needles, up to 10 cm long. Grows slowly - about 6–8 cm per year. Unpretentious to the nutritional value of the soil, shade-tolerant.
Engage independent grafting cuttings under the force only experienced breeders. For breeding it is better to use ready seedlings.
Deciding to purchase and plant a white pine on the plot, remember that this tree is not resistant to fungal damage. It is advisable to avoid its neighborhood with mountain ash, gooseberry or currant.
The price of decorative seedlings of varieties of white pine in nurseries is 2000-4000 rubles. When buying, you need to carefully examine the root system and the state of the needles. Sluggish yellowed needles and dried ground at the base of the cutting indicate that the material is unsuitable.
When planting, it is recommended to feed nitrogenous fertilizers. In the first months of the tree require frequent and abundant watering - 15 liters of water per week. From the second year of life, a few waterings per season are enough in dry weather.
You can fertilize trees 1-2 times: in spring and autumn. На зиму необходимо производить утепление корней с помощью мульчи, а сами растения в сильные морозы укрывать мешковиной.
Для профилактики ржавчинного гриба — главного врага белой сосны — летом рекомендуется каждый месяц опрыскивать деревца фунгицидами: бордосской жидкостью, раствором коллоидной серы, рогором. Sections with dried or yellowed needles should be cut immediately.
Description of pine
Under natural conditions, White pine can be found on the eastern plains of North America, on wet sandy alumina. In Appalachia, these trees sometimes "climb" into the mountains. There are at an altitude of about 1500 meters above sea level, though, usually stop at around 500 meters.
Morphology and development
This evergreen tree lives quite a long time - up to 400 years.
In the first decades, it is characterized by very rapid growth - by the age of 40 it reaches 20 meters.
In subsequent years, the growth rate decreases. In nature, pine can grow to 70−80 meters with a trunk diameter of 1.5−1.8 meters. On average, most plants growth of about 35−40 meters. At a young age, the trees are characterized by a regular pyramidal crown shape, tapering towards the top. With age, branches diverge from the trunk, the crown acquires a rounded, sometimes flattened, broad shape.
Light-gray and relatively smooth bark at a young age, in an adult tree it becomes dark, thick and cracks in the longitudinal direction. Sometimes the bark gets a purple hue. The needles live for an average of three years, falling and replacing with young ones. The needles are thin and long - about 10 cm, gray or bluish-green, slightly lighter at the base, growing in bunches of 5 needles each.
Brown-green young pine shoots gently smell of resin. A dioecious tree has male and female bumps. Male cones are small (1.5 cm), egg-shaped, yellow in color, filled with pollen. Female cones are much larger - up to 12 cm, dark brown, sometimes grayish, forming clusters. The shape of the cones is similar to spruce, on the scales ripe nuts, seeds of a reddish color with small wings. The development cycle of the Weymutov pine lasts two years, the cones ripen in September, after which they immediately fall off.
Resilience and shape
The tree does not tolerate soil salinity and has low resistance to blister rust damage. It is recommended to ensure that the gooseberry and currant, which are carriers of this disease, are not planted next to the pine tree.
All other negative environmental impacts Lord Weymouth's pine perceives more steadfastly than our usual pine or black pine:
- It does not require a lot of light and can grow in shaded areas.
- It tolerates severe frosts.
- This tree is not afraid of strong winds.
- Maintains strong snow blockages.
- The vital activity of the pine tree does not suffer so much from the pollution of the atmosphere, it is resistant to the gases and smoke of the big city.
In the plantings successful combinations of this species of pine with tsugami, fir, lindens, oaks, goofy, sea buckthorn.
For park and garden design, a variety of tree forms is of great value:
- A low (about 2 meters in height) weeping pine has flexible curved branches that descend to the ground.
- The umbrella shape has a thick crown in the shape of an umbrella.
- Pyramid pine resembles a column with raised branches.
- At the creeping pine, the trunk and branches are drooping to the ground and arranged horizontally.
- The silvery species is characterized by its small size and silvery white needles.
- The variegated forms have golden-colored needles.
- Golden pine steadfastly holds the golden color of the needles, especially bright in young trees.
- Blue pine is a resistant to the city variety with a thick crown and blue needles.
- Low pine grows in the form of a bush, has short needles and a pyramidal crown.
Selection and cultivation
Pine Weymutov, the description of varieties and the rules of breeding which should definitely be studied by any gardener, has been successfully selected for many years.
It can be tall trees, dwarf trees or shrubs with different lengths and colors of needles and cones.
In park and ornamental gardening, white pine is used as individual plantings, as a tree-soliter, undersized species look beautiful in group plantings and on various “slides”.
Varieties and varieties
Before you buy a sapling in the nursery (which is easiest), you need to think where and for what purpose the tree will be located. The conditions of lighting and moistening of the site, as well as the desired Dimensions are decisive when choosing a variety of Weymutov pine:
- Alba. Heliophilous and fast-growing variety (annually up to 20 cm). In open sunny areas, the needles acquire a bluish tint, in shady places it grows worse and has the usual green color of the needles. This tree reaches 20 meters in height and has a wide umbrella crown - about 10 meters in diameter. The trunk can sometimes bend, shoots strongly branched and grow unevenly.
- "Makopin". Shade-tolerant variety, adding no more than 6−8 cm per year. Compact, square-shaped bush with bluish-green needles. The diameter of the crown and the height are almost equal and not more than 2 meters. Numerous large cones (up to 20 cm) of this pine tree are especially attractive. At the beginning of development, they are green in color, and at the time of ripening they become dark brown. The Weymouth Pine "Makopin" feels depressed in the heat and in the bright sun, therefore, needs shelter, does not tolerate stagnant water or severe drought.
- “Blue Sheg” is a dwarf form of a White-faced pine, reaching 1.2 meters in height. The soft bluish-green needles of its spherical crown will decorate any garden plot. The baby is able to withstand severe frosts, but does not tolerate drought and prefers sunny open areas.
- "Fastigiata" has a smooth and straight trunk. This is a very unpretentious variety: shade-tolerant, cold-resistant, wind-resistant. At a young age, they look like a shrub, but over the years they stretch upwards. Growth is very intense - not less than 20 cm per year. This variety has short shoots with greenish-silver, very prickly, needles.
- "Winding" or "Contourt". A rare young variety, introduced into the culture only in 1993. The peculiarity of this pine is the curvature of the shoots, which are intertwined with each other. Decorative trees give a neat medium-sized bumps and dense green needles.
- “Radiata” is one of the most popular and ungrateful garden varieties of white pine. The maximum tree height is 4 meters. The shape of the crown changes throughout its life. Cones are very attractive: hanging, slightly curved cylindrical, pleasantly nut-colored. This variety allows for experiments with pruning and crown formation.
- "Pendula" has a unique silhouette: branches located widely hang down, creep along the ground or form bizarre bends. Due to the different lengths of the shoots, an asymmetrical drooping crown is formed. The tree is light-loving, grows very quickly, but in the adult state does not exceed 2-3 meters.
- “Pumila” is a low-growing subspecies of pine, growing to 1–1.5 meters. An adult plant has the shape of a square with a lush crown. Long, emerald-green needles give him fancy.
- "Minima" and "Minimus" - similar in appearance to the variety. They are well suited for the design of alpine stony hills, flower beds and recreation areas. Miniature bushes grow in width by one and a half meters, reaching a height of about eighty centimeters. Originality gives them the variability of color needles: from bright green in spring to turquoise in autumn. Pine Weymouth "Minima" is subject to burning of needles, therefore, requires shading, and is oppressed polluted atmosphere.
- "Nana" - slow growing, low bush. In height can reach from 1 to 3 meters. This variety is characterized by very thin shoots, which are located horizontally on the ground at the base of the trunk, and are directed upwards at an acute angle closer to the top. The needles are very long, emerald with a blue tint. It prefers well-lit open areas, but in a shaded place forms a denser crown.
- "Densa" - dwarf variety, very slowly growing, only 1, 2 meters in height. The shape of the crown varies with age from spherical to conical. This species has short needles - about 5 cm, with an unusual dark blue shade.
- "Louis" is different from other varieties of bright lemon needles. A tree with a pyramidal crown reaches 6 meters in height.
- Reinshaus. A variety created in 1966 by German breeders. Kegform dwarf, growing very slowly - up to 5 cm per year.
- "Secret" - one of the most miniature dwarf varieties, reaching 50 cm in height.
- "Prostrate" is a creeping dwarf variety, the branches of which rise up from the ground.