Lavender is an evergreen and unpretentious plant that is widely used in medicine and cosmetology. The fragrance of the flower has a calming effect and helps to relieve headaches. But not only the healing properties are famous, but also used in cosmetology, perfumery and cooking. The appearance of the plant is simply amazing. Unusual purple lavender bushes will decorate any garden.
Description of varieties and species
Lavender - a perennial shrub or shrub that belongs to the family of labia. When lavender is mentioned, the image of flowers of lilac color with an attractive aroma mentally arises. But in fact, the palette of shades is diverse. The flower can be pink, blue, white and other colors. The plant is a shrub that grows up to 50 cm in height. The appearance of the flower resembles an ear.
More than 25 plant species are known, but only a few species and varieties are popular in garden cultivation.
This species is the most popular and common. A distinctive feature of the species - narrow leaves and inflorescences in the form of spikelets. English lavender perfectly adapts to the climatic conditions of central Russia. In severe frosts, it is transplanted from the open ground into the greenhouse. Flower growers prefer to grow the following varieties of English lavender in the garden:
- "Alba" differs inflorescence white and grows up to 50 cm in height,
- "Rosea" reaches a height of 40 cm and has flowers of lilac-pink color,
- "Mansted" grows up to 40 cm, with a bright blue inflorescence,
- "Blue Blending" - a low shrub 40 cm, with inflorescences lilac,
- “Fastcoat Jint” grows up to 60 cm and looks pretty compact in the garden.
A distinctive feature of the French lavender from the English lavender - wide leaves and cropped inflorescences. This kind of demanding care. Low temperatures tolerate poorly, which is why it is grown mainly for decorating houses. The most famous varieties of French lavender:
- "Yellow Valley" has inflorescences of dark lilac and crimson bracts, and the leaves are yellow-green,
- "Rigal Splendur" is distinguished by a dark lilac shade of inflorescences,
- "Rocky Road" has large flowers of a lilac-blue shade,
- "Tiara" also with large flowers of a bluish tint, and bracts - beige,
- Helmsday has flowers that combine lilac and burgundy tones.
Breeders bred and other beautiful varieties that can be planted, but they are not so often used.
Dutch lavender (hybrids)
Dutch lavender includes a wide group, represented by hybrids of different colors. The main feature is a sharp aroma.. They are in a niche between English and other species of the genus.
This shrub is large in size, with narrow silvery leaves and large elongated flowers on elongated peduncles. The flowers are quite heavy, so the flower stalks beneath them bow. Begins to bloom in mid-summer. To famous varieties hybrid lavender include:
- "Arabian Knight" has flowers of dark lilac and dark blue color,
- "Sojeres" has flowers of light purple color,
- "Grosso" - a bush with large flowers of lilac-lilac color,
- "Richard Gray" - a small shrub with flowers of dark lilac color.
Gear lavender gave the world the Mediterranean. This plant is thermophilic and neat. He has a rugged and very tender leaves of a silvery shade, large and fragrant flowers that bloom in mid-summer. Gear lavender is very afraid of the cold. The most famous variety is Royal Crown, which has inflorescences of purple color.
Growing from seed
Growing plants from seed growers consider the most difficult and time consuming.
Before planting the seeds should be hardened. In countries where there are no severe frosts, stratification is carried out naturally. To do this, the seeds are planted immediately in the ground. In our conditions, the seeds are artificially stratified. Planting material is mixed with sand, then is removed in a small container and covered with film. And 1.5 months stored in the refrigerator.
Prepared seeds disembark at the end of spring together with sand in a greenhouse and sprinkled with not a thick layer of soil. As soon as the first shoots appear, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
The disadvantage of this growing method is a long preparation of lavender itself for flowering. A year or two the plant will build up the root system, so the first flowers will appear later.
Growing from cuttings
This method is used often, as it very simple:
- from the stiff shoots (1–2 years), cuttings are prepared,
- cuttings are cut to no more than 10 cm,
- planted them to a depth of 2-3 cm in loose soil,
- covered with foil and watered regularly.
The roots of the cutting begin to grow pretty quickly, after germination, they can be transplanted into open ground.
Cultivation with stem layers
This method is considered the easiest. All that is required is to lay one sprig of the plant horizontally, sprinkle it completely with soil and place a load on top.
After about 30 days in layering a root system will appear, they can already be cut off from the parent bush and planted as an independent plant. The cut must be treated with crushed coal so that the main bush does not rot.
Features care for lavender in the open field
This is an unpretentious plant and does not require regular care. It is less than others in need of feeding and watering. However, in order for the plant to look decorative, you need to master all the subtleties of pruning. At home, the flower needs more attention than when grown in open ground. Lavender - care for a plant in the open field:
- Lighting requirements and site selection. For lavender is best suited hot and sunny place. Under such conditions, the bush will long please with flowering and strong aroma. The shrub grows well in the shade, but there will be very few inflorescences on it. Lavender does not like wetlands, so for her it is better to choose dry areas.
- Air humidity. Increased air humidity is not needed; even drier air will be preferable. High humidity leads to fungal diseases. If the rainy period is very long, then the stems can be cut.
- Watering. It is not recommended to overmoisten the soil, the soil should dry well between waterings. Abundant watering is needed only during a long drought. The plant tolerates drought much more easily, but it must be borne in mind that with a prolonged absence of moisture, flowering is reduced.
- Top dressing and loosening. Watch out for the land in which lavender grows. It is noticed that if the soil is light and loose, then the plant grows better, and the inflorescences become even more beautiful. Lush and prolonged flowering requires a lot of nutrients. During this period, you need to make mineral fertilizers. And at the beginning of the growing season, organic fertilizers with nitrogen are used.
- Pruning. This is part of the care that is held every year. After flowering, dry branches are removed. In the fall do the forming pruning. It is impossible for saplings to stretch up too much, otherwise with a strong wind they will slope and the bush will lose its decorative effect. At the age of ten years, pruning is carried out in order to rejuvenate the bush. All shoots are pruned to 5 cm. In the same way you can prune a young plant if it has poor flowering.
- Preparing for the winter. For plants that will winter in open ground, you need to build a good shelter. In warm climatic conditions, where the frost is up to minus 25 degrees, lavender can be left to winter in the garden. But if a frosty winter is expected, it is necessary to warm it. Shrubs are pruned at the end of the season. Garden beds with pruned plants are covered with coniferous branches. Ordinary leaves for insulation will not work, as lavender can rot.
Possible diseases and pests
Like all plants, lavender sometimes gets sick. Common diseases:
- Often it is affected by gray mold. To stop the spread of the disease, the affected plants should be burned.
- It has been proven that the scent of lavender scares most pests, but pennits are resistant to this and therefore sometimes lay their eggs on the plant. To protect their larvae, these insects wrap them with a layer of foam, which looks like saliva. Foam does not harm the bush in any way, although it spoils the decorative appearance of lavender. It is removed with a regular stream of water.
- Some varieties are often struck by a rainbow beetle. Get rid of this insect manually, collecting from each bush.
The use of lavender in landscape design
Lavender, planting and care, which is so simple (even a novice gardener can handle), is great for decorating areas. Its huge advantage among other plants for landscape design is the intense and bright color of different tones (from pale pink to bright purple). Such a rich palette allows you to focus in every corner of the garden.
There are several options. territory decoration using these flowering shrubs:
- The most famous and popular way - planting plants along the paths, sidewalks and paths. Such a design makes it possible to visually distinguish the area into zones.
- The option of planting a bush in accordance with the cells on the chessboard looks impressive. But for this method, the area for landing should be flat.
- Another original way - the formation of a carpet of lavender. For this option, you need to decide on the height of the bush and regularly cut it on the level in one plane. Such a carpet will not be soft and you can not sit comfortably on it, but with this method, the lavender will be great to show its color.
Of course, the plant in landscape design is used infrequently, such as roses and various loaches. But it is this shrub that will favorably emphasize the originality and uniqueness of the decoration of any garden. Cultivating lavender is the best way to make a garden or a flower garden a bright color, shape, but also complement it with an amazing fragrance.
Lavender - flower description
Species of the genus Lavender, as a rule, evergreen herbaceous perennials or subshrubs. Stems actively branching, forming a low shrub, and the central stem is absent. The leaves are narrow, silvery-green. The flowers are fragrant blue and purple, collected in spike inflorescences. There are varieties with a different color of the rims.
Features of growing a flower short description
The plant is relatively unpretentious, requires minimal maintenance and is grown on an industrial scale. The main thing is to choose the right place for planting and not to forget about the thermophilicity of the flower. Lavender is able to maximally reveal its decorative qualities only in the open field, but only some species can withstand severe frosts and only if there is shelter.
The plant needs a pit of 2530 cm deep. Lavender can be planted alone or in groups. For group planting, the distance between the bushes should be 3040 cm, and for tall varieties up to 1 m.
The most spectacular are group landings. The plant can be used for carpet plantings or creating borders. Good results can be achieved when growing in high beds.
The flower grows well in pots and vases. Such plants are often used to decorate balconies and terraces.
Soil for the plant
Lavender does not tolerate heavy soils with stagnant moisture. The plant feels best on sandy or gravel well-drained dry alkaline soils (pH = 6.58). Soil should not be too poor or too rich in nutrients.
If there is a need for self-preparation of soil mixture for filling the planting pit or when planting in a pot, it is recommended to use the following components:
To slightly shift the pH to the alkaline side, add lime or wood ash. It is also recommended to immediately add complex mineral fertilizer to the soil mix.
Features of growing lavender in a pot
Growing lavender in a pot is more difficult than in a garden. It is necessary to observe the mode of watering and to ensure maximum lighting. The main feature of such cultivation is the need for annual transplants and a good outflow of water from the pot. Plant growth usually continues until the roots reach the bottom of the pot.
Top dressing and fertilizer
Long-term lush flowering requires a large amount of nutrients, so during this period the plant should be supported by the application of complex mineral fertilizers. Organic fertilizers, which contain a significant concentration of nitrogen, are allowed to be used only at the beginning of the growing season, during the period when new shoots grow. Later organic matter should be excluded if you want to admire the flowering.
The plant needs constant pruning. It helps to maintain the decorative effect for many years and maintain the compact form of the bush.
Trimming to shape
This type of pruning can be called radical, because shoots can be shortened by 1/3 or even ½. Most often, such pruning is resorted to after frost minutes, or immediately after the spring planting of young plants. The bush is cut to woody twigs to give it a certain shape.
Pruning to stimulate flowering
It is recommended to conduct this type of pruning immediately after flowering, without waiting for full flowering. It is desirable that most of the flowers in the inflorescence have faded, but remained and bloomed. The plant begins to grow new shoots that bloom again.
Board! In the northern regions, where the plant does not have time to bloom again, it is recommended to postpone pruning until spring, because young shoots may not have enough time to form, which will lead to freezing in winter.
Rejuvenation of bare bushes
Lavender can not be cut on the stump as many other shrubs. Such pruning will necessarily lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, the rejuvenation of the bushes that have lost their appearance is carried out in several stages. In the first year, one half of the bush is radically cut, and the next year the second. This technique will save the plant and get rid of bare branches.
Trimming for the winter
Autumn pruning is carried out in early autumn after the second flowering. The shoots are cut short, leaving 2-3 cm of young wood. In this state, the bush is easier to cover for the winter. Also worth cutting too long shoots that can be damaged by wind or snow.
Lavender transplantation may be required for several reasons:
- The bush stopped growing,
- It is necessary to move the plant to another place
- It is necessary to divide too expanded copy.
The root system of lavender is very powerful, and the roots can go down by 3-4 meters. However, the plant tolerates this procedure quite well.
Interesting! If the root meets an obstacle, the plant growth stops. Therefore, when grown in an apartment, the plant has to be transplanted annually.
Ways to transplant
When transplanting the main thing to try to dig a plant with a large lump and at the same time cause the minimum amount of damage to the roots. It is best to carry out this procedure in late summer or in the autumn, immediately after flowering. The plant needs at least 2 months before the onset of cold weather in order to properly take root and take root in a new place.
Lavender seeds sprout well enough, but only if they were stratified. To do this, sow the seeds in a bowl with a wet mixture of sand and peat and put them in a cellar, cellar or refrigerator for several months. The minimum stratification period is 30-40 days. After this, the plants are brought to light and kept at a temperature of 15‑21 ° C. After forming 3 leaves, seedlings dive into pots of several pieces.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Adult, well-grown bushes can be divided into several parts. Bushes are dug up with a big lump of earth. The rhizome is cut with a garden knife into several parts, each of which must have roots. Sections are treated with foundation powder or crushed charcoal to avoid rotting. Each delenka planted in a prepared pit.
Reproduction by cuttings
This method is considered one of the most productive for reproduction of varietal plants. The lavender is narrow-leaved; it is well grafted both in spring and autumn, and for lavender broad-leaved, autumnal grafting is preferable.
Autumn cuttings are more productive, because the plant has many more good shoots suitable for rooting. You can use cuttings from different parts of the stem:
However, it is worth considering the features of each type of cuttings. Fully lignified cuttings from the bottom of the stem rooted very poorly, but withstand the winter well. Apical cuttings easily form roots, but their winter hardiness is very low. The best option are semi-woody cuttings from the middle part of the stem.
The stalk is cut with a sharp knife. At the bottom all the leaves are removed. The slice is treated with root, heteroauxin, or any other drug stimulating the formation of roots. Затем черенок помещают во влажный грунт и накрывают пленкой. Ежедневно проводят проветривание парничка, чтобы избежать появления грибковых инфекций.
Когда цветет растение, форма цветка
Цветки лаванды мелкие, собраны в соцветие колосок. The color of the petals varies from sky blue to lilac and violet. Some varieties have white and pink flowers. Flowering lasts about 2 months. The first flowers bloom in mid-June. The timely removal of flowering inflorescences helps to prolong flowering until the end of August.
Problems, diseases and pests in the flower
Lavender is rich in essential oils that repel most pests. No wonder this plant is actively used in the fight against moths and other insects. However, there is a pest that eats lavender with pleasure. This is a rainbow beetle. A very beautiful insect that can leave a plant without leaves in the shortest time.
The most harmful disease is gray rot. Other diseases are extremely rare.
Narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula officinalis)
This species is also known under the names: lavender medicinal or English. Shrub up to 60 cm high and up to 1 m wide. Shoots at the base of woody. The leaves are greenish-gray, as if silvery, narrow. The flowers are bluish-purple, fragrant, gathered in an intermittent spike-shaped inflorescence. Flowering period: July August. This species is considered the most frost-resistant and can withstand temperatures up to 20 ° C. For this species, the undersized variety var. deiphinensis, whose height does not exceed 30 cm.
Also noteworthy are various varieties that differ in flower color or form of growth. White-flowered variety бело Alba ’or the variety with pink flowers‘ Rosea ’is often used in ornamental gardening. Extremely spectacular look joint planting of various varieties.
Broadleaf Lavender (Lavandula stoechas)
This species is called the French lavender. It is considered the most beautiful view. Flowers can be of different colors: blue, blue, green, white, pink, lilac. Flowering period: April July, which is much earlier than in other species. The most famous was the variety ‘Papillon’ (Butterfly). It is characterized by very long bracts at the top of a rather dense spikelet.
Difficulties growing plants. Useful tips
The main problem with growing lavender is low frost resistance. In fact, in open ground in the middle lane only a narrow-leaved lavender can survive and only under cover. Traditional leaf cover is not suitable for this plant. Lavender covered with leaf litter will simply wipe out over the winter. The best covering material is considered to be a spruce conifer. Bottom zone is also recommended mulch needles.
Lavender refers to perennial plants, has thin sharp leaves. It blooms spike-like inflorescences. Flowers have voluminous bushes that almost always remain green throughout their life span, that is, for 10–11 years. Flowering continues for quite a long time: only by cutting off the withered parts, you can see how soon new ones grow.
Flowers have shades of different saturation. Experienced gardeners prefer to plant bushes so that there is a gradual transition of color - from snow-white to deep purple.
Growing plants and caring for lavender in the garden does not require special conditions, as the plant tolerates drought and disease. It is necessary only in time:
- Clear the territory of flowers from weeds.
- Water it.
- To trim.
- Prepare for the winter.
Lavender belongs to the heat-loving plants and is grown in warm regions, where the positive temperature is kept for a long time, and the winter is not very cold. But if the region is northern, and you want to plant a plant, then you can do it in a pot.
Flowers are an attractive place for bees and butterflies. But harmful insects will not be able to cause damage to the plant - the bush repels them.
Application of lavender
As you know, the plant has not only decorative properties, but also actively used as a culture for the manufacture of essential oil, which has found its application in cosmetology and medicine. Lavender oil helps with joint pain, burns and diseases of the skin. It is also recommended for headaches.
Lavender oil is widely used as a flavoring agent, for example, massage experts must include lavender ether in the procedure.
The flowers themselves are used as a spice in the preparation of first and second courses, sauces and salads.
Choosing a place
An important point when planting lavender is choosing the right place for shrubs. The plant prefers open places with an abundance of sunny color. Shrub can grow in the shade, but it will negatively affect flowering. The climate should be warm, without extreme cold.
In cold regions, lavender can be planted in flowerpots and kept outside, but when it gets cold, it can be removed indoors.
As for the soil, the plant does not need excess moisture, as in this case the root system starts to rot in it. That is why you should not plant shrubs on swampy soils and lowlands. Also worth paying attention on groundwater. They should not be too close to the surface. If this condition is not met, then you can drain the soil.
Soil structure is also important. It is desirable that the soil was neutral. To achieve this condition, you need to scatter wood ash or lime on the site and dig up the ground. In addition, you need to acquire compost, which will provide the earth looseness and increase the fertility of the plant.
Much depends on the plant itself. Broad-leaved varieties of lavender have good endurance, so they prefer semi-dark spots on the site. They can also be planted in subacid soil. Narrow-leaved varieties require more attention. They are patient in cold weather, but absolutely do not tolerate high humidity. And with a long stay under a thick layer of snow, they can rot.
Features of planting
Lavender can be diluted in several ways. These include planting:
- Maternal bush, dividing it.
The most common method of planting lavender in open ground - planting seeds. They should be sown in autumn, in October, immersing in the soil to a depth of about 4 mm. If the season was dry, the soil should be watered. To seeds survived the winter, they need to hide under cover of snow. Thus, planting lavender in the fall is not a difficult process.
In the spring, you can also plant lavender, but a little preparation is required. Before sowing, at the very beginning of spring, the seeds should be mixed with sand and put in a cold place where they should be stored at a temperature of +5 degrees for two months. In May, they can be planted in the ground, creating beautiful flower beds. When growing lavender is to be patient, it will bloom only after a year or two.
If there are available adult plants that need to be planted, then it is worth considering that they may not be planted. It is necessary to carry out the procedure carefully, taking into account that the roots must be in a bulk lump of soil. To transplant was successful, you need to plant the plants at a distance from each other. The distance should be equal to the maximum height of the bush. In the curb landing, this distance is halved. It is then that the fence will turn out smooth and elegant.
This method of planting lavender is considered the most simple and effective. Eavesdropping is carried out by the traditional method and differs little from planting other crops:
- Knife need to carefully cut off the annual escape.
- Cut it into cuttings.
- Prepare the soil.
- Bury the cuttings 2-4 cm into the soil.
- Planted cuttings need to cover the film.
- Now it remains only to regularly water the plant.
The cuttings should root quickly. After a while, they will need to be landed at the selected place of the site, observing the landing technology.
Reproduction by layering
This method of reproduction lavender is considered easy and does not cause difficulties even for a beginner. The operation is carried out in the summer. At the very beginning of summer, it is necessary to bend the escape of an adult lavender to the ground (not to cut it off) and sprinkle it with soil, leaving only the tip on the surface. To fix the escape, put a load on it.
After the operation, the layers should be watered and in the autumn it should form a separate root system. Then it can be disconnected from the main bush and transplanted.
Top dressing and watering
When growing lavender should be carried out certain manipulations. The plant must be periodically fed. Fertilizers should be selected with a high content of potassium and a small amount of nitrogen. It is undesirable to use manure as a fertilizer, as it has a high nitrogen content, which threatens with a large spread of greenery, but with a small number of buds.
Watering should be regular, but moderate. The plant affects both the lack of moisture and excess. Watering is necessary only when the top layer of soil dries out decently.
In order to retain moisture in the ground and make the soil "breathe", it is necessary to carry out mulching and hilling. Conduct procedures in the fall and spring. In addition, the procedures affect the appearance of lavender, increasing the formation of new shoots.
Another important procedure - pruning shrubs. The operation prolongs the life of the plant. After completion of flowering, it is necessary to shorten the stems on which the buds grew. In the autumn, more intensive pruning is carried out, removing most of the shoots.
Preparing for the winter season
Growing lavender and caring for it is possible in colder regions, where the temperature drops to -25 degrees Celsius. To do this, the lavender must be properly insulated. This is done after the autumn pruning: lavender covered with spruce leaves, which will help to survive the winter season.
Do not use dry foliage as a shelter for the winter. Plants under it can simply rot.
For full cultivation, you must have an idea of the possible problems. The most dangerous is gray rot. To solve the problem, you should regularly check the bushes for the presence of affected areas. The affected parts of lavender must be trimmed and burned immediately.
Lavender is an evergreen shrub popular in the field of cosmetology and alternative medicine. The smell of lavender has a positive effect on the central nervous system, reduces and reduces headaches.
However, the healing properties are not everything, which is why lavender is so valuable. It is widely used in perfumery and in cosmetology. Cooking is also not an exception: lavender has a special spicy flavor.
At the moment, humanity has bred more than 25 varieties of lavender shrubs, but only a couple of varieties are used in garden plots.
Narrow-leaved lavender (English) - unpretentious shrub. No problem tolerates low temperatures. It blooms in mid-summer. The leaves are small, narrow, in color - gray-green. The size of the bush is small: up to half a meter in a radius.
Broadleaf lavender (French) - one of the first ornamental subspecies of lavender shrubs. Its distinctive feature is undoubtedly a wide range of flowers of its buds and a pungent smell.
Lavender Hybrid (Dutch) - a large type of lavender. In height, the bush is able to grow to 2 meters. Natural mixture of narrow-leaved and French species of this shrub. Worse makes temperature drops, rather than the English lavender.
Lavender cog - A kind of lavender with silver soft leaves and large flowers of a wide range of violet. This species grows better in indoor conditions, rather than in the open air, on open soil.
How to plant?
Care and cultivation of lavender in the open field can be done in the following ways:
- Planting seeds
- Layering from existing bush,
- By division.
Lavender (and any other) seeds retain the ability to ascend even many years after their collection, if you keep the vessel in which the seeds are stored, sealed.
Do not lose sight of the fact that first the seeds of lavender must be stratified: let them lie for more than 2 months in a room with a temperature of about five degrees above zero. To achieve this temperature, the seeds are often mixed with wet sand and put the consistency in the refrigerator.
If necessary, the seeds can immediately begin to sow, but first get acquainted with a number of recommendations:
The best time of year for sowing lavender is mid-autumn. Depth of planting seeds - no more than 4 mm, after trampling the ground. If at the time of planting the relative humidity is low, it is necessary to water the seeds with water. In the winter season, snow should be spread on the squares covered with lavender.
Spring ranks second in terms of sowing lavender. Here it is necessary to prepare the entire spring season and plant only in early June: at the beginning of March, to stratify the seeds, and at the end of May - early June to sow the area prepared in advance.
Plot for sowing lavender should not choose too wet shady place. Lavender bush can not tolerate glut moisture. Experienced gardeners recommend cooking for seedlings dry sunny place.
Care for open lavender
Watering the bush is carried out only when the land is completely dry. Excessive humidity promises rotting of the root, however, and excessive drought, too, should not be allowed.
In the spring and autumn season should spud lavender bush. Haircut shrub is also able to significantly extend the life of lavender. A slight trimming of the shrub is allowed immediately after the start of flowering of the bush, and it is recommended to do serious cutting near the fall and leave 4-6 young green shoots.
For many, where in winter the air temperature reaches 25 degrees Celsius below zero, lavender remains to spend the winter in open soil. The first step is to prepare the lavender for the cold: shave the bush and cover it with several branches of any coniferous tree.
In March, fertilize lavender with nitrogen fertilizers. Recommended mix: 1 tbsp. spoon of urea (you can use 2 tablespoons of sodium humate) to 10 liters of water. For each lavender bush spend up to 6 liters of the resulting liquid.
As soon as the shrub begins to bloom, slowly feed the shrub with Argicol fertilizer solution: two tablespoons to 10 liters of water. For each bush spend up to 4 liters of the resulting fluid.
There are several solutions of other fertilizers, which are allowed to knead instead of "Argikoly":
- Org. Fertilizer "Rossa Universal", 2-3 Art. spoons of which are diluted in 10,000 ml. water. Spent on each bush - 10,000 ml. mixes.
- Nitrophoska (2 tbsp. Spoons) and liquid mullein (500 ml) mixed in 10,000 ml. water. Spent on each bush - 10,000 ml. mixes.
In garden conditions, our plant multiplies division, cuttings, layering.
• In the hot period, lavender forms shoots. Just we will use them to increase the number of existing lavender bushes. Spud and prune the bush so that there was an opportunity to fill the ground between the stalks.
• Reproduction by cuttings ideal for those who are fan of growing and further grooming lavender, not in the open field, but in indoor conditions. It is necessary to cut the annual shoots lengthwise into ten centimeter sticks and seat them in the soil.
• Reproduction by layering –The simplest breeding method, ideal for all novice gardeners. In this case, in the spring, a couple of twigs gently bend down and fit into pockets dug in advance to a depth of 4-6 cm, fastened, covered with soil and poured from above.
Tap-off shoots need to be watered more so that they probably gave side roots. A year later, the layers can be removed from the main shrub, because now they are completely independent plants.
Diseases and parasites
Lavender is not so often sick and it does not attract parasites, but it does not give a 100% guarantee that the shrub disease and insects are not touched. The main disease that plagues lavender is gray mold. In this disease, the damaged parts of the shrub should be trimmed and disposed of.
To parasites that destroy the garden view of lavender, can be attributed to the rainbow beetle. He eats leaves of the bush. The only solution to this problem is to collect the bugs manually.
Despite the extent of damage to lavender from the rainbow beetle, pennits, or rather their domination, can “beat” it. Pennitsa does not cause any damage to the plant, however it spoils the appearance with its covering of the larvae. Here the solution to the problem is rather trivial: just wash off the white coating with a gentle stream of water.
How lavender behaves with other plants
It is proved that smells seriously affect the human body and its subconscious. It is for this reason, when planting flowers, you need to flower bed and externally pleased, and fragrant aroma.
When planting lavender shrubs interspersed with other plants, you do not have to worry much about the appearance of the bouquet. It is better to pay attention to whether the flavors of plants are mixed. That “no” is excellent! If they are mixed, then you will have to revise the resulting “mixes” and plant incompatible plants from each other. Observing all these conditions, you can easily and relax.
Lavender with mint
A great option would be a mixture of lavender with sage. Also a great addition will be a mix of spicy herbs.
Description and methods of reproduction
Лаванда обладает выраженным приятным запахом, прекрасно вписывается в садовый ландшафт, имеет большую цветовую гамму. В диком виде встречается в южном климате на холмистой местности, полях и склонах гор. To find out what a lavender looks like, it is not necessary to re-read a ton of literature and search the Internet. In the expanses of Russia, Ukraine can be found in nature, this plant. Lavender is a perennial shrub and has more than 20 varieties, of which the most common:
- Narrow-leaved (English) - tall plant up to a meter in height with small, narrow leaves of a gray-green shade. The flowering period is June-July, it is resistant to cold weather, but in northern latitudes it is better to replant in the winter in a greenhouse or in pots, which should be brought into the room. The most popular among gardeners are varieties such as white Alba, blue Manstad, and rose-lilac Rosea.
- Broadleaf (French) - differs by wider sheets, does not tolerate cold, begins to bloom in May. This breed is capricious in care, it is better to immediately grow it in pots and vases (but this worsens flowering, it will become more rare). Notable varieties of Helmsday with a dark purple shade and Rocky Road with blue and purple inflorescences.
- Hybrid (Dutch) - grown on an industrial scale, a feature of the form - a rich aroma and large flower stalks. The white, blue and lilac fields of these colors create an amazing sight.
- Notched - very thermophilic variety, different small size of the bush and blooms in July. Royal Crown is the most famous representative of this species. It has a rich purple hue.
Lavender seed method
This bush flower can multiply in many ways.: seeds, grafting, division of the bush. Sowing seeds is a seemingly natural process laid down by nature itself. But at home it is quite difficult to implement. In warm areas, where there is no large frost (can withstand no more than 25 degrees) can be sown directly into the ground to a depth of about 4 mm. This should be done in September and October. And also allowed sowing in the soil in May. To do this, you should first carry out the stratification (cold treatment). After planting in the soil, the evergreen shrub begins to bloom in the second year.
In cold regions, a way of planting seeds for seedlings will do. Boxes or trays with good drainage will be required. Before sowing, it is necessary to make a cold treatment. To do this, several months before sowing, the seeds are wrapped in a damp cloth for 2 days, and then they are transferred to polyethylene and kept in a refrigerator on the top shelf. And the soil should be treated with a solution of potassium or calcined in the oven to sanitize from pests and pathogens.
In order for the seedlings not to stretch, additional illumination is required. Seeding time - the end of February-March. After the appearance of the first true leaves, each young bush should be transplanted into a separate container. The distance between the seedlings should be about 80 cm, and between the bushes - more than a meter. Before planting, the roots are pruned a little and buried 4-5 cm in the hole. Immediately after planting, plenty of watering is required.
Method of cutting and separation of the bush
This method of reproduction is more simple, suitable even for a novice grower. From the one-year-old sprout of lavender, you need to cut the cuttings about 10 cm long. Then they need to be buried in moist soil and cover with a can or polyethylene for several days until the plant is rooted.
To divide the bush, you will need preliminary preparation:
- after flowering, in the autumn period, cut a flower at a distance of 10 cm from the roots, spud it very well (fill all the space between the twigs),
- spring hilling repeat
- In the fall, plant a bush (many new shoots will appear over the summer).
Another way is rooting cuttings: shoots from the bush are not cut, but placed in trenches and covered with earth, during the summer will require abundant watering. In the fall, the young processes are transplanted to a new place.
One of the important aspects of breeding lavender is the choice of where the flower will grow. This plant loves the open countryside, saturated with sunlight. Excess moisture will destroy the plant, so swampy soil will not work. And also there should not be tall neighbors, they can clog lavender. The soil should not be acidic, so when digging the site is recommended to add ash or lime.
Lavender is not conducive to conditions, and it requires minimal care. In order for the plant to look excellent, it regularly blooms to follow a few simple rules:
- Moderate watering (as the soil dries) - about several times a week. If prolonged rainy weather is foreseen, it is advisable to trim the shoots, as a fungus can develop.
- Hilling - the soil saturated with oxygen has a beneficial effect on growth. Perform the procedure should be carefully, because the root system is located 4−5 cm from the surface of the earth.
- Fertilizer - a complex of minerals and organic compounds will ensure long and beautiful flowering. Potassium fertilizers promote flowering, and nitrogen fertilizers are needed for growth, especially at the beginning and end of the season. A layer of mulch will also fit, it should be placed a little further than the roots, so that there is no rotting. Additionally, mulch eliminates weeds and weeding.
- Pruning - in order for the bush to look presentable, it needs to be cut and shaped: pruned inflorescences after flowering, to prevent cutting off the stiff part of the plant. In the first year, flower stalks should be removed so that the young bush can strengthen its root system.
- Warming before winter - cut and lay bushes on top of a branch of spruce or pine so that the lavender does not rot, after the snow has fallen - to shower it with shrubs.
Fight against diseases and pests
Due to the rich aroma, many parasites avoid lavender, but not all. So, the insect Pennitsy lays eggs on the trunk of a plant, it does not pose a danger to the health of the bush, but the appearance changes. Get rid of the pest simply - requires to wash it off with water pressure. Other connoisseurs of lavender beauty are the rainbow beetle and the cicadas, they will need to be collected manually. Another disease is gray rot. In order to prevent further progress of the disease, all affected areas should be cut and burned.
This flower is used in many areas: perfumery, cosmetics, cooking, medicine. Spices from the plant are great for meat dishes, lavender tea relieves stress, helps with diseases of the stomach. Its smell perfectly rescues from a headache. And the scent of lavender repels mosquitoes and moths, which is especially useful for families with small children, as many industrial products are contraindicated for babies. But during pregnancy it is necessary to abandon the use of this flower, as it increases the tone of the uterus.
Planting and care of lavender (in brief)
- Landing: sowing seeds in the ground - in October, sowing seeds for seedlings - in February or March, planting seedlings in the ground - in late May or early June.
- Bloom: in the second half of summer.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: dry, drained, sandy or loamy, cpH 6.5-7.5.
- Watering: regular and abundant, frequent in drought.
- Top dressing: twice per season: in the spring - with a mineral complex with an increased nitrogen component, in the fall - with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
- Hilling: In spring and autumn you need to spud old bushes high.
- Trimming: inflorescences are cut off after flowering and branches are shortened in autumn. Upon reaching the age of ten, the bush is rejuvenated, cutting off all branches at a height of 5 cm from the ground.
- Reproduction: seeds and vegetatively - layering, cuttings and dividing the bush.
- Pests: cicadas (slobbering pennits), rainbow beetles and aphids.
- Diseases: gray rot
Lavender flower - description
Lavender is a perennial evergreen shrub with a woody, fibrous root extending 2 meters in depth, numerous shoots in the lower part, lumbering in the lower part, reaching a height of 60 cm, with opposite sessile linear silver-greenish leaves with soft pubescence and fragrant blue or blue and lilac flowers, with soft green and lilac flowers and fragrant blue or blue and lilac flowers. in interrupted spike inflorescences of 6-10 pieces in verticils. Inflorescences are formed on the tops of leafless stems. Lavender bloom begins in the second half of summer. Lavender is a great honey plant. Lavender seeds with proper storage are able to maintain their germination for many years.
Lavender is a relative of such cultures as hyssop, basil, mint, lemon balm, motherwort, oregano, sage and rosemary. We will tell you how to grow lavender from seeds, what are the conditions for growing lavender in the open field, how lavender is planted and cared for in the open field, how to propagate lavender, how lavender winters in Moscow and give a lot of interesting and useful information about this garden plant.
When planting lavender in the ground.
Planting lavender in the ground is carried out either by seeds in October, or by seedlings in late May. In order to grow lavender from seeds, seed should be purchased at the beginning of winter or autumn, because before sowing into the ground, seeds for increasing germination are stratified for 2 months at 5 ºC. Usually, seeds mixed with wet sand are stratified in the vegetable box of the refrigerator. Lavender seeds are sown for seedlings in February or March.
While the seeds are in the fridge, prepare the sowing tank and the seed substrate by carefully mixing the two pieces of humus with one piece of coarse river sand. Sift the mixture - lavender seeds are very small, so the substrate should not contain any lumps - and calcine it in the oven at 110-130 ºC or spill it with bright pink potassium permanganate solution. Put the processed soil mixture into the growing tank with drainage holes on the drainage layer.
At the very end of winter or early spring, sow lavender seeds on the surface of the substrate in a container, sprinkle them with a layer of sand 3 mm thick, sprinkle with warm water from the dispenser, cover to form the greenhouse effect with glass or plastic wrap and place in a bright, warm place. From time to time crops need to be aired, raising the cover. Germinate seeds at a temperature of 15-22 ºC.
How to care for lavender in the seedling period? As soon as the seedlings appear, you will have to arrange additional lighting for them so that the lavender seedlings do not stretch out. Remove the cover daily for some time so that the seedlings will get used to the temperature in the room, and as soon as they adapt to it, the film can be removed completely, and the seedlings can be seated so that the distance between them is at least 5 cm.
How to plant lavender in the ground.
In late May, it is time to plant a lavender in the garden. Most often, lavender adorn alpine slides, used as a curb or planted on both sides of the paths. Lavender grows well under the bright sun. Do not plant it in wetlands or in areas with high groundwater levels, as lavender is very sensitive to excess moisture. The plant prefers a soil that is dry, sandy, but it also grows well on loamy soils with good drainage. The optimum acidity for plants is 6.5-7.5 pH. Ground limestone will have to be added to the acidic soil. Before planting lavender, it is necessary to prepare a plot: dig up to a depth of at least 20 cm and loosen the soil well, bringing peat or compost under the digging.
How to plant a lavender? Planting lavender is done with a distance between seedlings of 80-90 cm, and between the bushes of tall lavender a distance of 120 cm is observed. The depth of the hole must be such that the root system of the seedling can easily fit into it. Before planting, the roots are pruned slightly, then they set the lavender bush in the hole and bury it, deepening the root neck by 4-6 cm. After planting, the lavender saplings are watered abundantly.
Subwinter seeding lavender.
In areas with warm winters, it is better to sow the seeds of lavender directly into the ground. They do it in October, after they prepare the soil on the site, adding peat for digging, and if the soil is too wet, then fine gravel or sand is added to it to increase moisture and air permeability. Seeds are sown to a depth of 3-4 cm, slightly thickening after sowing the soil surface. If autumn is dry, water the crops, but not too heavy, and with the first snow, throw a small snowdrift on the site.
Planting these mountain flowers is easy. To do this, you can use:
- maternal bush dividing it.
Most often, planting lavender in the open ground is carried out by seeds. They are sown in the soil in October, deepening 4 mm from its surface and slightly compacting the ground in the garden. If the autumn was dry, the procedure is completed by watering. In order for the crops to survive the winter cold, they are covered with a thick layer of snow.
In hermetic containers, lavender seeds can be stored for many years without losing the ability to germinate.
Successful cultivation of flowers in the garden is possible with spring sowing. But he will require advance preparation. In early spring, seeds mixed with wet sand are placed in a refrigerator, where they are stored at a low temperature (preferably around + 5 ° C) for 2 months. After stratification is completed in May, they can be planted in the ground, creating an unusual flower bed or a luxurious curb with them. Seedlings will blossom only in 1–2 years, when their root system develops sufficiently.
When choosing a place for a flower bed, it is worth considering that adult plants often do not take root when transplanting. If it is nevertheless necessary, then the procedure should be carried out carefully, making sure that the roots are in the bulk lump of soil. To make the lavender bushes lush, they are rarely placed in a flower bed, at a distance equal to the maximum height. In curb landings this interval is halved. Then the fence will turn out slim and create the impression of solidity.
It is even easier to propagate the plant with cuttings that root quickly and easily. They are placed in loose soil, covered with foil, after which it remains only to ensure that future seedlings receive regular wetting of the soil. Strongly deepen the cuttings do not need enough distance of 1-2 cm from the surface. After rooting, they are carefully dug and placed on the prepared area.
Subtleties feedings and watering
Lavender care in the open field provides for several activities that will have to be carried out alternately during the growing season. Plants need to be fed regularly. It is better to use for this fertilizer with a high content of potassium and low - nitrogen. To use manure to enrich the soil is not necessary: an excess of nitrogen in the soil is fraught with the fact that the lavender bushes will actively branch, delighting in rich juicy greens, but form few buds.
Regarding watering should be moderated. The plant does not like excessive moisture, but it also endures its deficiency poorly, responding to it with scanty flowering. Starting watering lavender in the garden is only when the top layer of soil in the garden dries well.
To retain moisture in the soil necessary for the plants, as well as to increase its porosity, high hilling and mulching of the beds will help. Conduct both procedures regularly - in the spring and autumn. They also increase the decorativeness of lavender bushes, affecting the formation of young shoots on their trunks. Rotted foliage is well-suited for mulching. You can buy in the store and special multi-colored substrates that will make the beds even more attractive. The procedure will require attention. To prevent rotting of the flower, the soil at the base of its trunk is left uncovered.
Caring for a plant in the open field involves its systematic pruning. It increases the lifespan of lavender bushes. Carry it twice: after completion of flowering and closer to the end of the growing season. When the buds of the plants wither, it is enough to shorten the stems on which they were 1-2 cm. Autumn care is more intense, it implies the removal from the bush of most of the old shoots. It leaves no more than 4-5 young stems.
Preparing for the winter and possible difficulties
Successful cultivation of lavender in areas with harsh winters, where the thermometer drops to -25 ° C, is possible, but for this it must be reliably warmed. After cutting the flowers in the run-up to the first frost, they should be tightly covered with lapnik. He will help the plant survive a difficult period for him.
Dry leaves for shelter lavender bushes can not be used. Due to the high humidity of the soil under it, they can be affected by rot. High in such conditions and the probability of decay.
To care for lavender in the garden was complete, it is important to arm yourself with knowledge of the possible problems that growing shrubs can bring. The greatest danger for him is gray mold. To prevent its rapid spread and death of plantings will help regular inspection of the flower beds with the removal and immediate burning of infected areas of the plant.
Gray decay creates favorable conditions for the reproduction of the pennitsa, in which she deposits her larvae. Ugly white foam appears on the lavender bushes, which looks like saliva and protects the offspring of the insect from predators. It does not bring harm to them, but the decorativeness of the plantings spoils. Remove it from the plants is easy, just wash off the formation of a water jet.
Посадка лаванды на дачном участке – решение, выгодное со всех сторон. Ее одиночные кусты станут изящным украшением клумбы или сада, а многочисленные – образуют пышный бордюр, от которого невозможно будет отвести глаз. During their long flowering, they will give the air a delicate, enchanting scent. Growing this mountain shrub is also practical: dangerous garden pests - the Colorado potato beetle and the pinwort - do not tolerate its smell. Just plant the plants between the roots, and the safety of the crop you will not have to worry.
Caring for lavender is not difficult to name, but you still have to devote time to it. Choosing the right site for planting, competent watering and fertilizing, mulching and hilling of the beds, pruning - performing these simple procedures will achieve the desired result.
Lavender in landscape design
With a lavender, ideal for decorating the garden area, any novice gardener can cope, because caring for her and planting lavender are so simple.
The main difference between lavender and its brothers and sisters is bright and saturated colors that range from pink to purple. Properly using this distinction of lavender, you can select your garden from thousands of others or focus on a specific area.
Do not ignore the decoration. It correctly emphasizes the individuality of the garden area.
There are a couple of successful ways to decorate the garden with lavender:
1. The most common and popular way - planting lavender in parallel with the tracks. Similar elements of the decor will allow you to visually delineate the boundaries of your site and clearly divide the site into a garden and other areas.
2. Staging shrubs in a checkerboard pattern. However, this method can only be used on a completely horizontally flat ground.
3. Perhaps, one of the most unusual ways to isolate your garden plot or flower bed. Its meaning lies in the formation of a "carpet" of lavender bushes. Using this method of decorating a garden plot, immediately determine for yourself the height of a lavender bush and tune in to trim the “carpet” to this length. Yes, such a “carpet” will not be as soft as a grassy one, but it gives lavender the opportunity to display its light perfectly.
As soon as the first inflorescences appear on the lavender seedlings, it is desirable to remove them so that young plants, without wasting their power on flowering, can grow stronger and build up a powerful root system. The first year of lavender in the garden grows very slowly, so you need to deal with weeds that can stifle seedlings. How to grow lavender? What care does lavender require at the cottage? You will have to water the plant regularly and plentifully, and in extreme heat watering should become frequent. After watering or raining, it is necessary to loosen the ground between the bushes and weed the plot, but if you want to save time and effort, grumble the soil between the bushes with peat.
Old bushes in spring and autumn should be highly spud - this measure contributes to the formation of new shoots on old branches. In addition to these procedures, you will have to deal with lavender pruning and top dressing in the soil, preferring potash fertilizers, since manure and nitrogen fertilizers only contribute to the growth of greenery, but inhibit the flowering of lavender, for which, in fact, it is grown.
Growing lavender will require you to conduct annual pruning. As soon as flowering is over, cut off the withered inflorescences, and in the fall shorten the branches, keeping the shape of the bush. Do not allow lavender to be strongly pulled upwards, because in windy weather its bushes will fall and lose their decorative effect. When the bush reaches the age of ten, it is advisable to rejuvenate it pruning, shortening all the branches to 5 cm. You can do the same with a young bush, if its flowering does not differ in pomp.
Lavender propagates, in addition to the seed method, also by dividing the bush, layering and cuttings.
If you already have a lavender bush on your plot or you have managed to get a one-year woody plant sprouts from someone, you may well get a lavender from cuttings. Cut cuttings of 8-10 cm long from the shoot, plant them in a moist, loose soil, deepening the lower section by 2-3 cm, and cover with glass jars. Remove the banks can be, when the cuttings rooted.
In order to divide the lavender bush, it must be prepared for this. In the autumn, after flowering, a large bush is cut at a height of 10 cm and spud, filling the entire space between shoots with earth. In the spring hilling repeat. During the summer, the bush gives abundant growth. In the autumn, the bush can be dug up, divided into parts with well developed roots and shoots and seated.
For reproduction by layering in spring, several shoots are folded over, laid them in grooves 3-4 cm deep, fixed in this position, covered with soil and watered. All summer long the soil above the layering is kept in a wet state, and the following spring the rooted shoot is separated from the bush, divided into parts and transplanted to a permanent place.
Pests and diseases of lavender.
Lavender in the open field is extremely resistant to diseases and pests, but she is not immune from the problems. Sometimes lavender can suffer from a waterfall, or a slobbery pennitsa, and a rainbow beetle, and from diseases of lavender can be affected by gray mold.
Cicadas and rainbow beetles will have to be collected by hand, after which you should always change the layer of mulch on the plot. A gray rot, which usually appears in a wet rainy summer or in the case of chronic over-wetting of the soil with too frequent watering, cannot be cured, but you can remove and burn the diseased parts of lavender so that the infection does not spread to all plants. And, of course, you need to review the mode of watering lavender.
Lavender in Moscow and Moscow region.
With full confidence in success in the conditions of Moscow and the Moscow Region, only English lavender can be grown - narrow-leaved or medicinal. Planting and caring for lavender in the middle lane is carried out according to the same principles and almost at the same time as in warmer areas. Seeds are sown in the ground when surface frosts are gone - in the second half of May, and seedlings are planted in early June. Sowing seeds before winter is risky - they can freeze.
Lavender in winter.
If in your area the temperature in winter can fall below 25 ºC, you need to reliably protect the area with lavender from frost, but do not use fallen leaves as a heater, as lavender can decay under it in winter. It is best to cover the lavender bushes with spruce branches after the autumn pruning.
In areas with not so cold winters, narrow-leaved lavender is not covered.
French Lavender (Lavandula stoechas),
or lavender broadleaf (Lavandula latifolia) come from Southwest Europe. It has a strong aroma and beauty of flowers of different shades of purple, pink, lilac, green, burgundy and white flowers. French lavender begins flowering earlier than other plant species — in April or May — and lasts until July, but at the end of summer the broadleaf lavender may bloom again. French lavender is not as cold-resistant as the English one, so it is grown mainly in warm areas. The most popular species of this species is Lavandula stoechas pedunculata, or “butterfly” (Papillon), with flowers of the original form. The best-known lavender varieties are:
- – Yellow vale - variety with dark purple flowers, crimson bracts and yellow-green leaves,
- – Rigal Splendur - variety with deep purple flowers,
- – Rocky road - a new species with large purple-blue flowers, blooming in July,
- – Tiara - large blue flowers with cream bracts,
- – Helmsdale - variety with lilac-maroon flowers.
Lavender hybrid (Lavandula x intermedia),
or Dutch lavender is a group of highly decorative hybrids between lavender English and other species of the genus. These are large plants with silvery narrow leaves and large oblong flowers on long peduncles bending under the weight of flowers. The flowering of lavender hybrid begins in July. The most famous varieties of Dutch lavender:
- – Alba - variety with white flowers,
- – Arabian Knight - variety with flowers of dark blue or dark purple color,
- – Sawers - form with light lilac flowers,
- – Grosso - variety with large flowers of lilac-purple hue,
- – Richard Gray - compact bush with dark purple flowers.
Lavender serrated (Lavandula dentata)
comes from the Mediterranean. It is a thermophilic compact plant with soft, rugged silver leaves and large fragrant flowers that open in July. The plant does not differ cold resistance. The most popular type of lavender jagged is Royal Crown - a plant with purple flowers.
Narrow-leaved lavender (Lavandula angustifolia),
or English lavender or lavender officinalis (Lavandula officinalis = Lavandula spicata) comes from southern Europe. This is a perennial shrub with silver-green leaves and small bluish-purple flowers blooming in July or August. This is the most winter-hardy type of lavender. The most well-known species of narrow-leaved lavender is dolphin-like lavender, reaching a height of no more than 30 cm, but possessing very beautiful silver foliage. Widespread also Lavender Hidkokut, which is used mainly for low hedges. Of the varieties of English lavender most in demand in the culture:
- – Alba - a grade up to 50 cm high with white inflorescences,
- – Rosea - bush up to 40 cm tall with lilac-pink flowers,
- – Mansted - bush about 40 cm tall with flowers of a rich blue shade,
- – Fastcoat jint - compact plant up to 60 cm high,
- – Quickcoat blue - compact bush up to 40 cm high with blue-violet inflorescences.
The healing properties of lavender.
All terrestrial parts of lavender contain essential oil, which consists of linalool, coumarins, ursolic acid, tannins, geraniol and borneol. Lavender oil has many useful properties and is widely used in the cosmetic industry and in medicine. Lavender oil treats burns and bruises.
Lavender is used to treat vascular diseases of the brain, paralysis and convulsions after a stroke, as well as to get rid of headaches, dizziness and drowsiness. It has a diuretic effect, relieves toothache. Tea with lavender can relieve stomach spasm and discomfort.
Lavender helps with melancholy, irritability, hysteria and neurasthenia, as well as influenza, asthma, bronchitis, whooping cough, tuberculosis, enteritis, flatulence, atony of the gastrointestinal tract, worms, rheumatism, cystitis, amenorrhea, hypertension, fever and various rashes.
Doctors note the remarkable effect of lavender infusion on the general mental state of a person and on his nervous system as a whole. It relieves stress and reduces the negative impact of adverse factors on the mind and mental state of a person, helps to restore strength and energy and stimulates mental activity.
Lavender greens are used for medicinal baths, and dry inflorescences are used as a remedy for moths when storing clothes and for flavoring rooms and linen.
Lavender - contraindications.
It is not recommended to use lavender oil during pregnancy, especially in the first months, since lavender stimulates the contraction of the muscles of the uterus. Do not use oil and after an abortion, so as not to provoke bleeding. Lavender is contraindicated during the administration of preparations containing iron or iodine.
Intensive use of oil can cause depression and irritation of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract.
Preparations on the basis of lavender have a powerful effect and can cause a strong allergic reaction in case of individual intolerance of the plant, therefore, before using them, be sure to consult your doctor.
Care and planting of lavender in the Moscow region: pitfalls
Due to its climatic conditions and features (in particular, due to the weather), in the Moscow region, unfortunately, you will be able to grow a single type of lavender - narrow-leaved.
In this region, lavender is abundantly used as an indispensable element for decorating gardens. In particular, for drawing up flower beds and flower beds. Also, lavender is popular in families where aromatherapy is practiced. In addition to all the above, the flowers of this shrub like to use as medicine.
Lavender grown from seed is much more resistant to external influences than other ways. In the suburbs of lavender shrubs planted in open soil in June. Subsequent care of the shrub remains unchanged.
Shrub care consists of the following components:
- Soil fertilizer,
- Preparing for wintering and wintering itself,
- Soil digging
- Fight against weeds, diseases and parasites.
Care and planting lavender in the Urals
Leaving and planting lavender in the Urals is not easy, but, as they say, "There is nothing impossible if you try!" It is only necessary to take into account the complex features of this region.
The main specific factor in the territory of the Urals is the frequent vypryvanie plants. To prevent this, the growers of the Urals advise to provide moderate irrigation without any stagnant moisture.
Lavender growing in vases
In the Urals, cultivation of lavender is practiced in vases. The main advantage is mobility: after the onset of cold weather, lavender can be rearranged in a few minutes from fresh air to the room. For wintering bush prepare, moving it to a cool place and reducing irrigation to a minimum.
The most popular breeding path for lavender in the Urals is seed. Using other methods, you will not achieve good results. Also, the plant does not tolerate transplants.
Dried twigs should be cut. This will increase the life of the shrub.
Care and planting lavender in Siberia
Here, the main criterion when choosing a lavender variety is frost resistance. This feature has only narrow-leaved lavender.
The main task in the care and planting of lavender in Siberia - to comply with all the traditional courtship, as mentioned earlier.
Shelter for the winter
Lavender loves warmth, so it's worth a thorough approach to preparing for the winter. In Siberia, this stage should be carried out, as they say, conscientiously.
Due to strong and sudden temperature changes in Siberia, besides the usual shelter with coniferous branches, it is necessary to cover lavender bushes with sacking or agrofibre.
Due to severe frosts, the bushes should be pruned in spring. First, completely dry stalks are cut, followed by damaged ones. In the autumn, before severe frosts, it is absolutely not recommended to prune the plants in connection with the protection of the numerous stems of the plant from freezing.
Otherwise, everything is like in other regions.
Care and planting lavender in the Leningrad region
In the Leningrad Region, gardeners cultivate narrow-leaved lavender (mainly for medicinal purposes). Leaving and planting lavender in the Leningrad region does not differ in any way from growing lavender in the Moscow region. The climate is both mild and mild.
Seeds are planted in open soil in the tenth of March, immediately after the end of frosts, as it begins to warm. Seedlings are transplanted into the soil only in early June.
It is strongly not recommended to sow lavender before winter frosts. The reason is simple: the seeds can simply not ascend in conditions of terrible cold.
Agree, not many people use lavender in decorating their garden. Different roses are very popular here, the vines, however, it is the lavender that will highlight your garden plot.
If you set out to fill your garden with an enchanting scent, but also not to lose sight of its appearance, lavender is the perfect assistant in solving such a problem.