Vegetables

Tomatoes Verlioka

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Tomato Verlioka refers to such varieties that are not intended for planting in open ground. The variety is great for lovers and beginner gardeners, because it does not require special care, is resistant to diseases and has excellent taste.

Variety description

Verliok's tomatoes are hybrids that Russian breeders have developed. The grade is intended for cultivation in greenhouses and hotbeds. Only in warm climates can it be planted in open ground.

Verlioka is a semi-determinant and early maturing variety. From planting to harvest takes 95-100 days. If in a timely manner and properly care for the plant, then from one bush you can get about 4.5 kg of tomato.

Characteristic

Characteristic and a description of the variety:

  • the fruits in their description do not differ in large size
  • the fruits are round and even, each weighs 80-100 g,
  • Tomatoes have a beautiful appearance, their skin is glossy, but at the same time dense, which allows the fruit to last for a long time,
  • ripe tomatoes have a bright red color,
  • the pulp of the fruit is dense and very juicy,
  • tomatoes taste rich, sweet, but with a slight sour taste.

The fruit is universal, it is used as a snack, fresh, in salads, stuffed, added to hot dishes, soups and make juices and sauces. Besides, due to the fact that tomatoes have a dense skinThey are also used for pickling and pickling, they will not crack and will remain in the bank entirely.

Advantages and disadvantages

There are many advantages to the variety:

  • excellent taste and quality of fruits
  • resistance to common diseases
  • high yield
  • It does not require special care,
  • developed root system
  • stable annual yield
  • suitable for use in any form.

However, there are also disadvantages to tomatoes:

  • the bush must be formed and must be tied up,
  • sensitive to changes in the composition of the soil and feeding.

Features of growing

Seeds of tomato Verliok should be sown with the onset of March. Before planting, disinfection must be carried out in a solution of manganese and then left for 12 hours in a growth stimulator. And also suitable for this juice aloe. Seedlings should be planted in light soil with nutrients. You can mix garden and turf lands with the addition of humus and peat. To make the ground air, you can add vermiculite or river sand, but be sure to wash it.

Before planting, superphosphate and wood ash is applied to the soil, then lay the soil in the container, and deepen the seeds by 2 cm. Then all containers should be covered with a film and left in a warm room with a temperature of 22-25 degrees.

It should be remembered that as soon as the shoots start to emerge, the containers should be put on the windowsill, they need a bright light. When there are 2-3 leaves, you can make a pick. After transplantation, tomatoes must be fed with complex liquid fertilizers. Water the seedlings should be warm water, which is already defended, once every 5-6 days. The variety does not like when moisture stagnates in the soil, so the top layer should always be dry.

As soon as the seedlings grow a little, it needs to be tempered outdoors.

Starting from the beginning of May, it is already possible to plant seedlings in a greenhouse, if planting is planned in open ground, then this should be done in early June. Per square meter there should be no more than three bushes, if thickening occurs, the yield will be reduced. Do not plant tomatoes in the beds after potatoes or peppers. The best predecessors are cabbage, carrots and legumes. Before planting, pour a hole with hot water, and then put 1 tbsp. spoon fertilizer with minerals or wood ash.

As soon as the seedlings are in the greenhouse, it should be watered regularly. For one season, tomatoes should be fertilized every 2 weeks. Before flowering, this should be done with nitrogen fertilizers, when ovaries are formed - potassium and phosphorus.

You should also take care of the support, for this you can use stakes. On heavy branches, too, should take care that they do not break under the weight of the fruit. In order for the plant to receive more air, the leaves located at the bottom and the processes should be cut off, thus forming a bush in 1 stem.

Pests and diseases

In the description and characteristics of Tomato Verliok, it was said that it is resistant to many diseases, which include blight, mosaic, fusarium, and vertillosis. But despite this, it is still necessary to do preventive measures and work the soil before planting. To do this, the soil must be watered with a solution of manganese or copper sulphate. So that the disease does not hit the bushes, you need to loosen the soil and constantly remove weeds, which means that the plant is often inspected.

If there are spots on the leaves or the fruits themselves, you need to take action immediately. The formed spots at the base of the stem indicate a lack of calcium, and the problem is solved thanks to fertilizer.

Airing of the greenhouse will save from rot, and when watering it is necessary to ensure that no stagnation occurs in the ground. In addition, the soil can be mulched using peat or straw.

From pests help insecticides, or you can use folk remedies. For the prevention of pests are used chamomile, celandine or onion peel extracts.

The grade of a tomato of Verliok will become the excellent choice of gardeners with a small experience. If we take into account all the rules of the formation of the bush and organize the proper care of the plant, then you can not worry about the yield. The grade will please a good and tasty harvest. And if you conduct an experiment with planting dates and each season choose a new place to grow, you can achieve a new scheme of growing healthy and tasty varieties of tomato.

The origin and description of tomato Verlioka F1

The Verlioka F1 is a first-generation hybrid developed by Russian specialists. The variety was created by Gavrish, it is not intended for cultivation in the open field. Tomatoes of this variety should be planted only in glazed greenhouses or under film cover. Nevertheless, it is quite successfully grown in the beds, especially in warm regions.

Main characteristics

Verlioka is one of those varieties that have a high yield. One bush can produce up to 5 kg of tomatoes. Moreover, this statement is true for growing both in the open field and in the greenhouse. A distinctive feature of tomatoes of this variety is a small amount of foliage. In the height of the bushes can reach one and a half meters. On one brush is up to 5-6 fruits.

On one branch, Werloki can ripen to 5–6 fruits.

Verlioka tomatoes can be harvested in the phase of technical ripeness: they mature quite well indoors at room temperature. In addition, these tomatoes are very tasty, they are good to use in homemade preparations. And when grown, the variety is quite resistant to temperature extremes.

The shape of the fruit is round, their weight is 80–100 g, they are glossy, juicy and dense, bright red in color, have a rich sweetish taste. In addition, tomatoes in this variety are high in sugars, amino acids and beta-carotene. The advantage of these tomatoes is that during rains they will not crack, and they can be stored for a long time.

Verliok's tomatoes are fleshy and dense, with a sweetish aftertaste.

Since there are few leaves on the plant, during the formation of the fruit, it seems that the whole bush is covered with tomatoes. They seem to hang down and close the foliage.

This variety is considered to be universal. Verlioka is well-suited not only for salads and sauces, it is also suitable for cooking soups and main courses, fine tomato juice. Stuffed or pickled tomatoes will be very tasty. Yes, and the harvesting will look very appetizing due to the small size of the fruit.

A nice feature of the variety is its unpretentiousness. Verlioka F1 is resistant to diseases that afflict many pascalaceae, for example, tobacco mosaic virus or cladosporia. Tomatoes are well tolerated by adverse weather conditions: this tomato will react quite calmly to the lack of sunlight and high humidity.

However, with all the advantages Verlioki has several disadvantages:

  • the variety is very sensitive to dressing and nutritional value of the soil,
  • during growth, the bush must be tied up and shaped.

Planting and growing

This tomato should be grown from seedlings. This is how you can get the maximum effect in terms of yield. Before planting, seeds should be sanitized in potassium permanganate, and then soaked in a half-day growth stimulator. Planted seeds for seedlings in March. They should be planted at a depth of 2 cm, and after the appearance of sprouts should be placed in a sunny place. Planting seedlings in the ground carried out in the last decade of May, but in the southern regions it can be made in April.

Tomato seeds must be sanitized in potassium permanganate before planting.

Soil for planting tomatoes must first prepare. And the best way to take care of this is still in the fall: the ground should be dug up and added there litter or compost. And in the spring to make manure should not be, because it often becomes the cause of lush growth of the vegetative mass, which obscures and thickens the bush.

In the soil Werlioku best planted after carrots, zucchini, cabbage or cucumbers. But his relatives, the nightshade, will be bad forerunners. For this variety, light soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction is perfect. If the acidity is increased, the soil should be propelled. Greenhouse soil should consist of ordinary soil and soil mixture (for its preparation, you must mix peat, humus, sawdust and mullein in a ratio of 3: 1: 0.5: 0.5).

Verlioka after landing on a permanent place quickly takes root and grows. Planting density should be no more than 7-8 bushes per square meter.

Features care Verlioka

When growing tomatoes, it is important to keep an eye on the bushes all the time and remove unnecessary side shoots. Passering procedure is necessary in order to form a single stem. The first time it should be carried out when the length of the shoots reaches 5-7 cm.

For the correct formation of the bush it is necessary to make a pasynkovanie - remove excess branches

In the process of growing it is necessary to monitor the plant. When the fourth inflorescence appears, it will be necessary to pinch the stem - this contributes to an increase in yield.

Tomatoes Verliok should be watered abundantly, but rarely. One bush requires about 5 liters of water. For watering you need to use warm water. In the future, a well drip irrigation system.

As the bush grows, it must be constantly fed. For this, mineral fertilizers are used. It is best to fertilize Werloki twice a month. Prior to flowering, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are useful, after the formation of ovaries - potash and phosphate. Mineral dressings can be alternated with organic matter: water solution of mullein or bird droppings.

Diseases and pests

In spite of the fact that this hybrid is resistant to the main diseases: blight, verticillosis, Fusarium, mosaics, it is still necessary to take preventive measures. It is recommended to treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate (2–3 g / 10 l of water) before planting.

Processing solution of potassium permanganate disinfects the soil before planting

In addition, to prevent the occurrence of diseases by frequent loosening of the soil and removal of weeds. Bushes must be carefully inspected, and if pests are found, treat the plant with insecticides.

Reviews gardeners

Every year - experiments with tomatoes. So many new names, varieties, hybrids!
But for 10–12 years every year I plant the Verlioka hybrid. Well, I like it. Early, sweet, productive, resistant to all bjakam.
Thick peel and small fruit - and for canning it is even good.

Tanyuha

https://forum.tvoysad.ru/viewtopic.php?t=6831&start=30

I have been putting Verliok F1, Blanovest F1, Eupator F1 and Funtik F1 for several years in a row. Very pleased with the harvest. Tamats are early maturing, short, not large, rounded, strong and high-yielding. Well suited for both salads and canning.

natashaoven

http://www.divosad.ru/forum/8–221–1

Over the years, she planted: “De Barao”, “Verlioka plus” (last year), “La-la-fa”. I liked Verlioka very much. In general, the hybrid "Verlioka", for me in the first place in growing both in the open and in the protected ground.

Lobelia

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/88269/page-2

If you want to get a good harvest of tomatoes, then Verlioka would be an excellent choice. The fruits ripen quickly, there will be many of them, and the plant itself is very unpretentious. Tomatoes can also be removed from the bush in the phase of technical ripeness, they will ripen perfectly in the house and will keep their presentation for a long time.

Characteristics of a grade of "Verlioka plus F1"

In hybrids, the properties of parental varieties used in the selection process are vigorously manifested. Characteristics and the description of a grade of a tomato of Verliok show the whole list of consumer and commodity qualities which made a tomato demanded not only among gardeners. The farms successfully grow the Verlioka f1 hybrid for commercial purposes, using its high yield and early maturity. In addition, the "tomatoes on the branch" look very impressive and in this form can come to the trading network.

The main parameters of tomato

Verliok's F1 tomatoes are not capricious, they are well adapted to growing conditions in greenhouses without heating, even in the early spring period. Main characteristics and their description:

  • the hybrid is resistant to stresses associated with temperature changes, air humidity, low light,
  • belongs to the category of early ripening, with a growing period of 101-105 days,
  • plant height ranges from one to one and a half meters. In some cases, has time to grow to 1800 cm. Refers to the category of tall. Requires a garter,
  • bush type determinant, medium-branched, moderately broad. Leaves are usual, corrugated, dark green color,
  • inflorescences are laid through 2 sheets, the first above the level of 8-9 sheets. The shrub should be formed by a single side stalk,
  • from 6 to 12 fruits form on the hand. The yield of tomato Verliok is high, up to 5 kg per plant,
  • hybrid resistant to pathogens of a number of viral diseases.

With early planting, the harvest can be harvested in June.

An important difference in F1 hybrids from common varieties is genetic resistance to a variety of diseases and pests. This is especially true for growing tomatoes in greenhouses, where pathogenic microflora and fauna are formed due to limited crop rotation. In heated winter greenhouses, only first-order F1 hybrids are grown.

Rassadny method of growing

Growing seedlings is a process that requires attention and accuracy. It is during this period that the success of the future harvest is laid.

  1. Seedlings are planted on seedlings in March - April on the basis that by the time of planting in the greenhouse it should be at least 40 days old.
  2. Seeds are disinfected, treated with a growth stimulator, and hardened.
  3. The prepared seeds are planted in a moist soil, deepening by 1-1.5 cm, and germinated at 22-25 degrees.
  4. With the emergence of seedlings carefully monitor the temperature regime. Illumination should be maximized, and the temperature is reduced in the daytime to 15-18 degrees and at night to 8-10 degrees.
  5. In phase 2 of the permanent sheets, the seedlings dive, preferably into peat tanks, which are subsequently planted in the greenhouse without disturbing the earthy clod.
  6. Caring for seedlings involves timely watering, loosening the soil, carrying out dressings.
  7. Feedings are carried out every 10-14 days with ready-made complex fertilizers, or with mullein in a ratio of 1: 5. From the bird's droppings the top dressing solution is prepared at the rate of 1:15.
  8. A week before transplantation into the greenhouse, several hardening sessions are conducted, accustoming the plants to lower temperatures and high-grade lighting.

If the temperature in April is warm, then seedlings are planted in the greenhouse in the middle or end of the month.

Important! When the air temperature drops to 10 degrees, the tomatoes stop growing, the pollen does not ripen, and as a result the ovaries fall. The thermophilic culture blossoms only at a temperature from 15 to 35 degrees. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain the correct temperature in the greenhouse.

Verlioka Tomato F1: variety description

Hybrid of Russian origin, for growing in greenhouses and greenhouses, under the film. In warm regions, landing in open ground is possible. Fruits are well stored, transportation is possible. The last tomatoes can be harvested green, they will ripen quickly at room temperature.

Verlioka is a hybrid of F1 of the first generation, high-survival, early ripe. The bush is determinant, of medium height, reaches a height of 1-1.5 m. Read about indeterminant varieties here. Moderate leaf mass formation. Fruits are collected in small brushes of 3-5 pieces. Yield is decent. With proper care, one bush can collect up to 4.5-5 kg ​​of high-quality tomatoes.

You can compare the productivity of the variety Sweet Cluster with other varieties in the table below:

Useful video

Предлагаем ознакомиться с видео-материалом, как правильно формировать куст томата. Эта информация будет полезна и при выращивании сорта «Верлиока».

In the table below you will find links to informative articles about tomato varieties with different ripening terms:

Description of the main properties of the F1 hybrid "Verlioka"

This tomato belongs to the early ripening varieties. The first ripe tomatoes from the plant can be obtained after 95 or 100 days. The plant is quite tall and can reach two meters. Therefore, a bush garter is required. In the open ground, a hybrid can be planted only in the southern regions of our country. In the middle lane is better to plant it in greenhouses. Mature fruits tolerate transportation and are well stored. Even green tomatoes, picked in the late autumn, ripen without problems at home. The deciduous crown of plants is moderate, the fruits are collected in hand. In the photo it looks just great. Verliok's tomatoes, even when looking at them, cause appetite.

The advantages and disadvantages of the variety

The main advantages of this tomato are:

  • great taste
  • high yield
  • resistance to diseases affecting other solanaceous species,
  • lack of care,
  • wide scope of application.

The fruits of this variety are suitable for canning, and for the preparation of salads and side dishes.

The main disadvantage that Verlioka tomato has is the need to properly form its bush and tie it up. In addition, for normal development, a tomato must be fed with nutritious mixtures, but not overfeeding it. Otherwise, the plant will grow, but the fruit will not be tied for a long time. A detailed description of the feeding scheme can be found on the thematic site.

Growing methods

For seedlings, Verliok’s tomato seeds are sown in early March.

Like any seeds, they are first treated in a solution of potassium permanganate to reduce the likelihood of all kinds of diseases. They are then soaked in a growth stimulator for the time indicated in the instructions attached to the tool.

In addition to shopping tools, you can use homemade recipes. For example, fresh juice of three-year-old aloe, will cope with the task as well as purchased. A detailed description of the recipes can be found in the special literature.

Soil for seedlings should be light and contain a maximum of useful substances. You can mix the land from your plot with humus, or buy ready-made land for tomatoes in the store. To increase the amount of air in the ground, add a little river sand or vermiculite.

Immediately before embedding the seeds, wood ash and some superphosphate are added to the soil.

After the containers with the soil are ready, grooves are made with a depth of no more than two centimeters. If you decide to do without a picking, then take peat pots and plant one or two grains in each of them.

For germination, all containers are placed in a warm place, covered with a film. The air temperature in the room where the future seedlings stand should be about 23 degrees.

As soon as sprouts appear, they are immediately put in well lit place. Best of all it is the south side of the house. If the light is not enough, you need to organize additional lighting. Fluorescent lamps are used for this purpose. Description and photos of such equipment can be found on the Internet. After the appearance of the third pair of these leaves, it is necessary to pick out the plants.

A few days after you transplanted the tomatoes they need to feed. It is better to use complex fertilizer prepared according to package directions.

The second feeding will be necessary before planting in the greenhouse.

Water the plants with water at room temperature. This is best done once a week. However, care should be taken that the soil does not dry out too much. Description of the irrigation scheme can be found on the Internet.

Containers with grown plants need to be hardened. You can take them out to the open air or just open the window. But such an exercise in the beginning should not last more than an hour. Time increases gradually and when the daytime temperature outside is high enough, they can be planted in the ground.

When grown in a greenhouse or greenhouse, seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the last decade of May. And in the open ground, only when the minutes of the threat of frost.

Tomato Verlioka is planted far enough from each other. Severe thickening can reduce yields. On one square meter should be no more than three plants.

It is best to plant tomatoes in places where last year potatoes, peppers or other solanaceae grew. It is also good to plant them after cabbage or beans.

The wells are spilled with water, covered there by a handful of fertilizers or ash. In the future, you need to water the plants abundantly, but not too often.

Water should be at room temperature, otherwise the tomatoes will stop growing normally.

In the period of development is carried out a few additional fertilizing.

One of them in the flowering phase. At that time, the plants needed potassium and phosphorus so that fruits would start to fasten faster.

Top dressing by mineral structures should be alternated with organic fertilizer. While the plants are still low, they are tied to supports. They must be tall so that the grown tomatoes will not fall. You should be very careful when handling branches with lots of fruit. They showered with pressure on the clusters.

For better ventilation, the lower leaves and stepchildren are removed. The latter slow down the ripening of already existing fruits.

Appearance

Separately, the Werloki fruits look like toys: they have the correct shape, even coloring, and if you put several copies next to them, it seems that they are copied from each other. In shape and color Verliok is a completely traditional tomato.

Tomatoes on the bushes ripen in clusters, and this leads to the fact that during the period of mass fruiting the leaves on the plants are almost not visible, since there are a lot of fruits. Tomatoes on the bush so much that it is not clear, due to what he holds them and feeds them

Transplant seedlings in the greenhouse

Care of tomato seedlings should provide them with the fastest survival rate and full growth.

  1. The soil in the greenhouse should be prepared in autumn. Before planting, the land is loosened, plentifully watered.
  2. Strong, healthy plants are planted in a greenhouse according to the scheme 40 x 50.
  3. In a greenhouse with tomatoes, the temperature should be maintained at 22-25 degrees during the day and 16-18 degrees at night.
  4. Plants are watered moderately, preventing the soil from drying out. The upper layer of the earth is loosened and spud around the lower part of the stem, thereby ensuring the growth of the root system and gas exchange.
  5. The plant is formed from one stem, leaving 4-8 brushes on it for maturation. Remove yellowed leaves in a timely manner and cut off the stepchildren at a level of 3-5 cm. The stalk is tied to a support or trellis.
  6. Top dressing is carried out every 3 weeks, in accordance with the state and stage of development of tomatoes.

With proper care, the first crop is harvested in June. The main harvest of tomatoes is in July, the beginning of August, it is distinguished by ripening.

Tomato "Verlioka": characteristics and description of the variety

The hybrid was bred by Russian breeders for cultivation in greenhouse and greenhouse conditions. In the open ground, this variety can be grown only in the southern regions by seedling method. Outwardly, it is a tall shrub with small fruits of a rounded and slightly flattened shape, red. On average, the weight of one tomato ranges from 80-90 g.

The fruit has a smooth thin skin and very juicy flesh. Their maturation occurs 95 days after sowing the seeds.

They also note a high percentage of ovary formation, undemanding to growing conditions, and resistance to typical diseases of solanaceous crops.

This nuance allows you to harvest even from the bushes that are cultivated in non-heated greenhouse structures, with high humidity and lack of lighting.

"Pros" and "cons" varieties

According to the taste characteristics and agrotechnical description of the variety, Tomatoes “Verlioka” compare favorably with early ripe hybrids.

  • Variety does not require special conditions and care.
  • The minimum attention to crops in the size of a hundred pays off high-quality abundant harvest.
  • The immunity immunized by breeders against diseases of fusarium, blight, rot and leaf spot contributed to the wide distribution of the species.
  • Fruits are suitable for transportation and are stored for a long time, without losing their commodity and taste.
Vegetable growers call tall stems that require garters to supports and the need to constantly form a bush as essential “minuses” of “Verlioki”. Also among the shortcomings are high sensitivity to fertilizers and soil composition.

Sowing tomato seeds for seedlings

A seedling with strong, tall roots and thick stems is a guarantee of a good harvest, which ripens faster under favorable cultivation conditions than with the usual sowing of seeds.

In addition, this technology is very appropriate in our latitudes with a temperate climate. Consider how to get these shoots that need it.

Soil for growing seedlings

For potted tomato seedlings is very suitable mixture of equal parts of peat, compost and hardwood. In the absence of the latter, you can use the upper fertile layer of black soil. But leading experts consider an obsolete way to germinate grains in boxes. Many have long been using special peat tablets for this purpose, which can be found in any garden shop.

Their advantage is not only in ease of use, but also in the nutritional value of the substrate, the convenience of planting grains and transplanting sprouts. Such a seedling does not need a dive and is not injured at all when moving it to a permanent place.

How to sow seeds

Tomato "Verlioka" in their agrotechnique does not differ from other hybrid varieties. After early preparation of seeds and soil, the further sequence of actions depends on how you plan to germinate the seeds. If for this purpose you have peat tablets, they must be placed in plastic single cups and watered. When the contents are sodden and enlarged, it can be sown.

Tomato seeds are recommended to deepen by half a centimeter. In one capacity sown several seeds. Then the tablet is again watered with a small amount of water and cover the glass with a similar container of a smaller size.

When everything is ready, the seeds are spread one by one at intervals of 3 centimeters from each other. On top of them sprinkle with a thin layer of soil (about 1-2 cm) and compact it.

Then moistened with a spray bottle, covered with glass or tied with polyethylene. In favorable conditions, the first shoots from the seeds will spill in 5 days.

Care and germination conditions

Regardless of the method of seed germination, for the emergence of their timely seedlings in all cases will need the same conditions - heat and darkness. Seeds of tomatoes "Verliok" when planting and care do not require additional knowledge. At first, containers with soil should be placed in a dark room. with a temperature not lower than 23 degrees. And later, when shoots appear, the “bed” can be moved to a cooler place.

This is done to ensure that the sprouts grow stronger and do not move prematurely in growth. Weekly shoots are recommended to contain at room temperature. Also for the germination of seeds is important lighting. It must be ensured when amicable shoots appear. Experienced growers are advised not to place the seedling box directly on the windowsill. A cold surface may adversely affect seed germination. To avoid this, it is recommended to put the container on a small stand, preferably of foam.

Care for tomato seedlings

With the development of the first cotyledon leaves, it is time to first feed the seedlings, and with the advent of two leaf pairs, the time comes for picks.

In addition, grown shoots now need not only a warm and well-lit place, but also hardening and regular watering. Consider how to organize the right conditions for seedlings of tomatoes "Verlioka".

This process takes place only in the case of the germination of tomato seeds in a common box. The division of sprouts into separate containers can be started after the appearance of 2 leaves, although many gardeners wait for the formation of 4 leaf plates. It is believed that such specimens are much easier to survive the transplant process. Do not delay with this procedure, since the 20-day shoots are already suitable for transplanting to a permanent place in the greenhouse. Start picking with abundant moistening of the “bed” in the box.

And when the earth is well soaked and the stems are easily pulled out, they are placed in a prepared container along with the ground. Care must be taken not to damage the roots.

After the picking, the plants are watered and sprinkled with fresh soil mixture. Then sent back to grow on a well-lit window sill.

Location

The best place for successful growing of tomato sprouts is the southern and southeast sides, where it is always warm and light.

When the sun is strong, it is advisable to slightly shade the window so that the young leaves do not fade. For sun-loving tomatoes, it is important that the lighting does not stop for 12-14 hours a day. If the window sill is located in the northern zone, additional illumination with fluorescent lamps will be needed.

Otherwise, the seedlings will greatly stretch, the stems will be exhausted, thin and fragile. To accumulate lamp rays in the right place, many craftsmen install light reflectors on the windows.

In the room where "Verlioka" grows, you need to withstand a moderate temperature. At low temperatures, seedlings will stop growing and may even disappear, and in the heat, the process of withering from a lack of moisture is inevitable.

Therefore, the best option for the cultivation of tomato shoots are 19-22 degrees Celsius.

At all stages of growing tomatoes moisturizing procedures should be moderate. If you overdo it - the seedlings will start to rot from the roots, if you give a little water - it dries. It is easy to determine the rate, taking into account the state of the earthen coma in the tank.

Make sure the substrate does not dry out, and do not turn it into swamp slush. If the top layer becomes dry, moisten it with distilled water at room temperature.

Begin to fertilize the seedlings of tomatoes immediately after the formation of the first leaf pair. Nitrogen-containing substances are well suited for this, as well as the Uniflor-Bud flower and Kemira floral mineral complexes.

The following feeding is necessary 12-14 days after the sprouts swoop. The best nutrient during this period of agrochemists is considered an aqueous solution of "Nitrophoska", which is prepared in a ratio of 1 tablespoon to 1 liter of water. After 2 weeks after this procedure, one more feed will be needed, but this time the culture itself will determine the components of the nutrient mixture.

Look at it: if the stalks grow poorly - they will need superphosphate, if the foliage starts to turn yellow - it will save nitrogen, pale sprouts will revive iron-containing substances, and if you notice an unnatural purple hue on the streaks of the leaf plates - phosphorus is needed.

In the case when all the above signs are not found, sprouts are quite suitable solution "Effekton". It can be entered when watering or sprinkling.

Hardening

Hardening "Verlioki" is mandatory, even though the culture will be cultivated in greenhouse conditions.

A stream of fresh air will strengthen the stems and oxygenate the roots. Such sprouts tolerate transplant more easily and quickly adapt to a new climate. Pots with tomatoes are recommended to put on the balcony or carry out on the street. For the first time this is done after 4-5 in the evening, when the air warms up well and the weather is sunny and dry outside.

For a start, just a few hours, and then gradually increase the time.

Avoid abrupt changes in temperature, the minimum thermometer permissible hardening of solanum sprouts stops at 8 degrees heat.

Some novice vegetable growers believe that the cold temperatures in the room where the seedlings are contained, harden the plant.

In fact, in such conditions, the sprouts are frozen in development, their leaves begin to turn yellow, which again is mistakenly regarded as a lack of nitrogen. Such experiments detrimental effect on tomatoes. Stressed specimens will not be able to fully develop and produce a good harvest.

Planting tomato seedlings "Verlioka" in open ground

So, our tomatoes safely sprouted, on which several leafy pairs were formed, and the stems became thick and strong. The seedling is ready for transplanting into a greenhouse or under film cover. Let us figure out how not to miscalculate with the time of transplantation and what should be provided to the plants at this stage of development.

Optimal timing

Based on the early maturity of Verlioka greenhouse tomatoes, it is appropriate to grow their seedlings in the last weeks of February.

Shoots will have time to develop the root system and get stronger. It is important to plant on the recommended days of the lunar calendar.

Seed preparation

Before germination, tomato grains are soaked in a solution of any growth stimulant for several hours. And just before sowing, they are treated with fungicides.

Soil for growing seedlings

Для горшечной рассады томатов очень подойдет смесь из равных частей торфа, компоста и лиственной земли. За неимением последней можно воспользоваться верхним плодородным слоем чернозема. Но ведущие специалисты считают устаревшим способ проращивания зерен в ящиках. Многие давно уже используют для этих целей специальные торфяные таблетки, которые можно найти в любом садово-огородном магазине.

Their advantage is not only in ease of use, but also in the nutritional value of the substrate, the convenience of planting grains and transplanting sprouts. Such a seedling does not need a dive and is not injured at all when moving it to a permanent place.

How to sow seeds

Tomato "Verlioka" in their agrotechnique does not differ from other hybrid varieties. After early preparation of seeds and soil, the further sequence of actions depends on how you plan to germinate the seeds. If for this purpose you have peat tablets, they must be placed in plastic single cups and watered. When the contents are sodden and enlarged, it can be sown.

Tomato seeds are recommended to deepen by half a centimeter. In one capacity sown several seeds. Then the tablet is again watered with a small amount of water and cover the glass with a similar container of a smaller size.

When everything is ready, the seeds are spread one by one at intervals of 3 centimeters from each other. On top of them sprinkle with a thin layer of soil (about 1-2 cm) and compact it.

Then moistened with a spray bottle, covered with glass or tied with polyethylene. In favorable conditions, the first shoots from the seeds will spill in 5 days.

Care and germination conditions

Regardless of the method of seed germination, for the emergence of their timely seedlings in all cases will need the same conditions - heat and darkness. Seeds of tomatoes "Verliok" when planting and care do not require additional knowledge. At first, containers with soil should be placed in a dark room. with a temperature not lower than 23 degrees. And later, when shoots appear, the “bed” can be moved to a cooler place.

This is done to ensure that the sprouts grow stronger and do not move prematurely in growth. Weekly shoots are recommended to contain at room temperature. Also for the germination of seeds is important lighting. It must be ensured when amicable shoots appear. Experienced growers are advised not to place the seedling box directly on the windowsill. A cold surface may adversely affect seed germination. To avoid this, it is recommended to put the container on a small stand, preferably of foam.

Care for tomato seedlings

With the development of the first cotyledon leaves, it is time to first feed the seedlings, and with the advent of two leaf pairs, the time comes for picks.

In addition, grown shoots now need not only a warm and well-lit place, but also hardening and regular watering. Consider how to organize the right conditions for seedlings of tomatoes "Verlioka".

This process takes place only in the case of the germination of tomato seeds in a common box. The division of sprouts into separate containers can be started after the appearance of 2 leaves, although many gardeners wait for the formation of 4 leaf plates. It is believed that such specimens are much easier to survive the transplant process. Do not delay with this procedure, since the 20-day shoots are already suitable for transplanting to a permanent place in the greenhouse. Start picking with abundant moistening of the “bed” in the box.

And when the earth is well soaked and the stems are easily pulled out, they are placed in a prepared container along with the ground. Care must be taken not to damage the roots.

After the picking, the plants are watered and sprinkled with fresh soil mixture. Then sent back to grow on a well-lit window sill.

Location

The best place for successful growing of tomato sprouts is the southern and southeast sides, where it is always warm and light.

When the sun is strong, it is advisable to slightly shade the window so that the young leaves do not fade. For sun-loving tomatoes, it is important that the lighting does not stop for 12-14 hours a day. If the window sill is located in the northern zone, additional illumination with fluorescent lamps will be needed.

Otherwise, the seedlings will greatly stretch, the stems will be exhausted, thin and fragile. To accumulate lamp rays in the right place, many craftsmen install light reflectors on the windows.

In the room where "Verlioka" grows, you need to withstand a moderate temperature. At low temperatures, seedlings will stop growing and may even disappear, and in the heat, the process of withering from a lack of moisture is inevitable.

Therefore, the best option for the cultivation of tomato shoots are 19-22 degrees Celsius.

At all stages of growing tomatoes moisturizing procedures should be moderate. If you overdo it - the seedlings will start to rot from the roots, if you give a little water - it dries. It is easy to determine the rate, taking into account the state of the earthen coma in the tank.

Make sure the substrate does not dry out, and do not turn it into swamp slush. If the top layer becomes dry, moisten it with distilled water at room temperature.

Begin to fertilize the seedlings of tomatoes immediately after the formation of the first leaf pair. Nitrogen-containing substances are well suited for this, as well as the Uniflor-Bud flower and Kemira floral mineral complexes.

The following feeding is necessary 12-14 days after the sprouts swoop. The best nutrient during this period of agrochemists is considered an aqueous solution of "Nitrophoska", which is prepared in a ratio of 1 tablespoon to 1 liter of water. After 2 weeks after this procedure, one more feed will be needed, but this time the culture itself will determine the components of the nutrient mixture.

Look at it: if the stalks grow poorly - they will need superphosphate, if the foliage starts to turn yellow - it will save nitrogen, pale sprouts will revive iron-containing substances, and if you notice an unnatural purple hue on the streaks of the leaf plates - phosphorus is needed.

In the case when all the above signs are not found, sprouts are quite suitable solution "Effekton". It can be entered when watering or sprinkling.

Hardening

Hardening "Verlioki" is mandatory, even though the culture will be cultivated in greenhouse conditions.

A stream of fresh air will strengthen the stems and oxygenate the roots. Such sprouts tolerate transplant more easily and quickly adapt to a new climate. Pots with tomatoes are recommended to put on the balcony or carry out on the street. For the first time this is done after 4-5 in the evening, when the air warms up well and the weather is sunny and dry outside.

For a start, just a few hours, and then gradually increase the time.

Avoid abrupt changes in temperature, the minimum thermometer permissible hardening of solanum sprouts stops at 8 degrees heat.

Some novice vegetable growers believe that the cold temperatures in the room where the seedlings are contained, harden the plant.

In fact, in such conditions, the sprouts are frozen in development, their leaves begin to turn yellow, which again is mistakenly regarded as a lack of nitrogen. Such experiments detrimental effect on tomatoes. Stressed specimens will not be able to fully develop and produce a good harvest.

Planting tomato seedlings "Verlioka" in open ground

So, our tomatoes safely sprouted, on which several leafy pairs were formed, and the stems became thick and strong. The seedling is ready for transplanting into a greenhouse or under film cover. Let us figure out how not to miscalculate with the time of transplantation and what should be provided to the plants at this stage of development.

Optimal timing

Repotting plants is necessary when outside daytime air temperature rises above 22 degrees, and night temperature does not fall below 17 degrees.

In addition, spring frosts will be excluded. Often this time comes in the second decade of May. With stable favorable weather for planting under film structures and glass greenhouses, seedlings, which are 20-30 days, are quite suitable.

Selecting a landing site: lighting and soil

Land for planting should be well lit. It is important that neighboring plants do not cast a shadow on the tomato bed. The greenhouse must be well ventilated.

If you are still planning to plant in the open field, you should avoid lowlands, where cold air and dampness always gather. In such zones, tomatoes are doomed to late blight and putrid diseases. For a full growing season, plants need a lot of light and heat, as well as loose, cleared of weeds, fertile soil.

Often, depleted substrates are fed with a mixture of equal parts of humus, turf, peat, wood ash and river sand before planting. In special cases, prepare a solution of 3 parts of superphosphate, equal parts of urea and potassium sulfate. All components need to be dissolved in 10 liters of water.

Good and bad predecessors

Given the fact that after solanaceous tomatoes develop poorly and often get sick, agronomists advise to organize tomato beds in places where dill, parsley, beans, peas and root vegetables were previously cultivated, except potatoes. You can not plant seedlings in place of eggplants and sweet peppers.

Optimal scheme

In hothouse conditions, the thermophilic “Verlioka” is recommended to be planted in 2-3 rows, making half-meter spacing. It is important that, to the best of growth, bushes should not overlap each other, therefore between them it is advisable to retreat at least 40 cm.

Some gardeners, in order to get as many early fruits as possible, deliberately thicken the planting, so that up to 10 plants grow on 1 square meter. In this case, no more than 3 inflorescences are left on one stem. Other growers advise planting seedlings in double rows with wide row spacing. In this technology, the meaning lies in the chess planting of bushes with intervals of 70-80 cm.

All tomatoes have the same opportunity to receive light and heat without interfering with each other. And along wide paths, it is possible, without harm to growing crops, to stretch a hose for irrigation.

Watering and weeding the soil

The amount of water produced in proportion to the state of the tops, juiciness of fruits, as well as their quantity. Excessive moisture entails fungal diseases, which are very difficult to get rid of.

In order not to bring the bushes to the resuscitation state and correctly calculate the norm, the number of waterings, you should focus on weather conditions. The first 2 weeks the seedlings need to be moistened daily. For this, around the bushes make the hole.

Under each plant should be poured 3 liters of warm water. In rainy cloudy weather, moisturizing procedures must be stopped, because dampness, moisture and lack of ventilation contribute to the vital activity of pathogens of fungal diseases. In the daytime, water the bushes is not worth it. Experts consider the best time for this to be evening. After each irrigation, it is important to loosen the soil in time and clean it from weeds. Do not allow the weeds to choke up the seedlings, and the ground is covered with a cracked crust.

Top dressing of bushes of tomatoes

How many times to feed tomatoes throughout the growing season depends on the development of the bushes and the physical characteristics of the substrates.

At first, plants need to increase biomass, so nitrogen-containing liquid solutions will be appropriate.

They are made from mullein infusions or chicken manure. A 10-liter bucket of water such a liquid needs no more than half a liter. To improve the effect, you can add 30 g of nitrophoska. In the future, for the neutralization of tomatoes from nitrates, it is appropriate to irrigate plants with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

You can prepare for this mixture of wood ash, half a liter of bird droppings and 1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.

The role of mulch

To retain moisture in the ground and fertilizing plants with nutrients, experts recommend mulching between rows. For this you can use buckwheat husk, sawdust, straw or hay.

Masking and garter

The peculiarity of "Verlioki" is that the bushes are strongly branched. Mature specimens reach a height of 2 meters. Consequently, so that the stems do not break, they are tied to wooden or plastic supports.

It is advisable to use for this a soft fabric tape that will not cut into the fibers.

Some summer residents tie the stems not to vertical pegs, but to a horizontal bar. In any case, the bushes are well lit and properly developed. Another important point of the early ripe hybrid is the need to constantly transfer the growth point from the central to the lateral shoot.

Pinching is usually done over 4 inflorescences. In this case, be sure to leave a couple of leaves above the buds. They will protect the plant from burns and discoloration of the fruit. Some gardeners are advised to remove the lower foliage from the bushes to the first ovary.

Pest and disease prevention

Like all solanaceous crops, tomatoes are sensitive to fungal and putrefactive lesions, phytophthora, and brown spot. Many diseases result from mistakes made in the cultivation process. In particular, increased moisture, lack of heat, poor ventilation and insufficient lighting are harmful for a tomato bed.

In the greenhouse, it is much easier to eliminate these negative factors than in the open field. But still there are some agrotechnical tricks, compliance with which will help save the harvest.

That is, after the rain or artificial irrigation, do not begin the stepson or the garter of the bushes. The best prevention is competent care.

In the reviews of "Verliok" many vegetable growers admire the yield and taste characteristics of the variety. Yes, and in the care they will require attention no more than other crops in the garden.

How to deal with pests and diseases

This variety of tomato is a characteristic that is resistant to major diseases, such as:

Therefore, special protection is not required. But still in quality prophylaxis it should be well treated soil in which the plants will be planted. To do this, prepare the composition of copper sulfate and potassium permanganate.

In addition, the periodic loosening and removal of weeds will help eliminate even a small chance of infection of the tomato.

If spots of indeterminate properties are found on the leaves and fruits, they should be treated immediately.

So, the stains at the base of the stem say that the plant lacks potassium. In addition, the greenhouse should be constantly aired to to avoidappearances rot ontomato fruit and its leaves.

Appeared pests are destroyed with the help of special preparations or folk remedies.

Tomato Verlioka characteristic and description of the variety of which you see, for summer residents is a real treasure. If you properly care for plants, then a good harvest is ensured.

He will mature even with a lack of lighting and moisture. Up to the frost, fresh tomatoes will be on your table.

Features of planting and cultivation of tomato Verlioka

Verlioka is a typical early ripe tomato of early ripening, intended for greenhouse conditions. Therefore, its agricultural technology is based on these signs, it does not mean anything extraordinary. Since the hybrid is grown in protected ground, the timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends not only on the climate of the region, but also on the quality of the greenhouse. In the usual film greenhouse in the middle lane, tomatoes can be transplanted in early or mid-May, so sowing seeds at home is possible at the very beginning of March. If the climate is more severe, the dates shift, but the most extreme - the beginning of April.

Since Verlioka is a hybrid of the first generation, it’s pointless to take your seeds from its harvest, you have to buy them in the store. And there you can buy seeds, including fully ready for planting. At least, if this is not an obvious counterfeit (seeds must be taken from well-known companies), then even their preventive disinfection is not required. There is no sense in hardening: after all, seedlings will be planted in a greenhouse. You can not soak the seeds: after all, this process only for 1-2 days accelerates the emergence of shoots. So, seed preparation is canceled.

Soil, too, many gardeners buy in the store, and usually do not need to do anything with it. But if the soil is prepared independently, it should be moisture-proof and breathable. This is achieved by mixing equal amounts of peat, turf and humus. Here it is better to disinfect your soil by spilling with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The use of purchased soil for seedlings eliminates the operation of its disinfection

If the gardener is not going to force the cellar with dozens of cans, a small amount of Verlioki bushes will suffice, then you can sow the seeds immediately in separate peat pots. But still trying to grow seedlings of tomatoes with a pick, from this it becomes stronger. Therefore, it is better to sow the seeds in a small box, to a depth of about 1.5 cm. Shoots will appear a maximum in a week, after which the box should immediately be put on a cool, lighted sill.

After five days, the temperature returns to normal room, and a week later the seedlings are transplanted in separate cups (better - peat pots) with a volume of at least standard glass. During the entire period of growing its seedlings are sometimes watered, but moderately. If the soil is good, it is better to do without dressings. Only when you stop the growth of seedlings can you pour infusion of ash or a weak solution of azofoski. It is important when growing seedlings to provide it with sufficient lighting.

Несмотря на то, что рассаду в мае пересаживают не в открытый грунт, лучше за неделю до этого «потрепать ей нервы»: периодически выносить на балкон, подсушивать почву и т. д. Закалка пойдёт на пользу. Высаживают помидоры в теплицу, когда почва прогреется, а ночные температуры воздуха в ней перестанут опускаться ниже 10 о С.

Не следует загущать посадки: минимальное расстояние между кустами 40 см, оптимально — не более трёх кустов на квадратный метр. The planting technique is normal, even in a greenhouse it is better to plant tomatoes in the evening or at least in cloudy weather.

  1. They dig a hole above the size of the cups with seedlings in each of the designated places, and make local fertilizer in each. It can be half a cup of wood ash or a tablespoon of azofoski. Mix fertilizer with the earth, and then the well is watered. Some gardeners add to the wells and onion peel, and egg shells
  2. Carefully remove the seedlings from the cups with a clod of earth and place them in the prepared holes, deepening them to the cotyledon leaves. If the seedlings had time to outgrow, it should be landed obliquely. When extracting seedlings, it is important not to disturb the root system.
  3. Water the bushes with water at a temperature of 25–30 ° C and mulch the soil with humus or peat a little. Watering planted seedlings, it is advisable not to wet the leaves.

It is advisable immediately after planting, until the bushes have not grown much, to drive strong stakes or build a common trellis for tying. You will need to tie up bushes soon, as soon as they resume their growth in a new place.

Caring for the bushes in the greenhouse

Absolutely all operations for growing Verlioka tomato are well known to gardeners: these are irrigation, loosening of the soil, weeding from weeds, as well as a few additional dressings, the obligatory and timely formation of the bush, its tying to durable stakes or trellis. They try to water the tomatoes in the evening, waiting for the water to warm up in tanks in the sun. Extra water should not be given to tomatoes, but it should not be allowed to dry out clearly. In greenhouses, too high relative humidity of air is very dangerous, therefore, especially with the forced introduction of large amounts of water, it is impossible to neglect the ventilation of the greenhouse. In general, on the day of the greenhouse should be left open, except in cases of obvious cold spells.

Tomatoes are especially needed in water during the flowering and fruit pouring, and then, as they mature, water less often and less.

While the bushes do not grow, after watering it is necessary to loosen the soil, while fighting with weeds. Tomatoes must be fed up: this must be done regardless of how well the garden has been cooked since autumn. The first top dressing is carried out 12–15 days after transplanting tomato seedlings, and then it is carried out several more times per season. Any composition can be used for top dressing, but with the onset of reddening of the fruits, nitrogen should not be added: they are limited to superphosphate and wood ash.

Form Verlioki bushes in one or (more often) two stems. The second stalk is a strong stepson, chosen at a convenient height. The remaining stepchildren are subject to unconditional breaking out when they grow to a value of several centimeters. A feature of this hybrid technology is that the central stem is pinched after the formation of the fourth (and sometimes the third) fruit cluster. In this case, the severity of the harvest will be optimally distributed between the main stem and the abandoned stepson. Breaking out stepchildren, it is necessary to leave small hemp so that they do not grow back

Tie up this tomato several times over the summer: first we are talking about tying the stems, and then the brushes with fruits. This should be done carefully using any soft twine or knitting, cut from old sheets. Over time, it will be clear which leaves interfere with the ripening of fruits: they are removed. As the bushes grow, all the lower leaves are removed, right down to the first fruit cluster.

If the greenhouse is ventilated in time, the incidence of Werloki is practically excluded. At least, most gardeners do not even carry out any preventive spraying. But if suddenly some pests have got into the greenhouse, it is necessary to apply folk remedies more likely: infusions of garlic, onion peel, wood ash, etc. This will prevent the use of chemical insecticides.

Video: Verlioka's tomato in the greenhouse

There are 2 Werloki. Just Verlioka and Verlioka + (improved form) - someone likes the old more, someone basically doesn’t matter. It seemed to me that the new rubber, or something. Closer to market tomatoes. On agricultural technology everything is as usual. Feed, feed ... she is very responsive to care.

Nyusha

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/175183/page-87

I was disappointed by the tomato "Verlioka improved" - completely bullet-proof skin. It does not cut, does not bite, does not chew ...

Sveta

https://www.e1.ru/talk/forum/read.php?f=122&i=109659&t=109659&

Last year Verlioka + was my leader in terms of yield (10-liter bucket from a bush) and taste.

"Kotyaka"

https://www.e1.ru/talk/forum/read.php?f=122&i=109659&t=109659&

Sort very much. In 2017, she grew them in a greenhouse, as the summer was rainy. The harvest turned out excellent. In 2018, bought again.

Marianne

http://otzovik.com/review_6047692.html

Tomato Verlioka is a bright representative of early ripe universal use hybrids. It is grown in greenhouses, where it gives very high yields of evened fruits of small size, distinguished by good taste and the ability to use in any form. Agrotechnica hybrid is simple, so it has been deservedly popular for almost three decades.

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