Knyazhiki - perennial shrub vine. Planting princes in open ground is not very difficult. Many people think that princes belong to the genus Clematis. We can say that it is, but still they have some differences. The prince has small flowers with delicate petals; a cup with leaves is framed under them. Clematis has no petals, it has a cup of leaves, which some gardeners take for the flower itself.
Prince Alpine with purple flowers
Knyazhik looks more elegant than clematis. It grows to a height of about 3 meters. Flexible stem, covered with small carved leaves, has many shoots. Princes bloom in early summer. An elongated bud is formed on a pedicle 10–12 centimeters in size. As flowering becomes like a bell with inflorescences of white, purple flowers. Princes differ from clematis by non-coalescing lobes located separately. At the end of flowering, in place of buds, round fluffy fruits of a bizarre look are formed. Clematis is attached to the pole in the same way as princes with young leaves. For these purposes, the best mesh rope or wire.
Varieties of princes
There are more than a hundred varieties of clematis. Knyazhiki along with clematis can decorate any garden. Here are their most common types:
- Alpine with purple flowers and a bud size of about 6 centimeters. He is known for his repeated autumn blooms. This is one of the first varieties, from which other species with different shades were bred.
- Okhotsk. The most cold-resistant look. Flowers differ in that they have up to 8 petals.
- Siberian. Begins to bloom in mid-summer in small colors up to 4 centimeters. This is a very unpretentious view that can settle down both in a sunny place and in the shade. Inflorescences of white or yellow shades attract with their delicate aroma of bees.
- Large-petal. Care of this variety is more demanding. It does not tolerate frost, for the winter it is necessary to wrap flowers. It has very beautiful blue inflorescences, which begin flowering a week later alpine. It prefers a very sunny location.
Their bloom lasts about 3 weeks. First the Alpine prince begins to bloom, then the Okhotsk and, last of all, the Siberian. Planting these varieties together will allow you to create unique long-flowering compositions, and care for them does not take a lot of time and effort.
Some varieties of princes were brought from Canada to our country, having delicate shades of lilac, pink, white and purple-violet. These are Markham Pink, Rosie Ogredi, Teige Landell, White Columbine. They are adapted to the conditions of central Russia and are winter-hardy species. On sale they can be found under the name "Clematis".
Cultivation and care
Care for princes in the open field is quite simple. Some features of the choice of the landing site of the princes:
- their flowering in a sunny place begins earlier, but continues less,
- in the penumbra, on the contrary, the flowers bloom later, but the flowering period itself increases,
- in the shade, flowering is less plentiful and lush, but it lasts even longer.
Knyazhiki quite unpretentious and do not require a lot of care from gardeners, unlike clematis. In the open ground it is easy to take root in sunny areas and slightly shaded areas. Their flowers have a delicate, vulnerable structure, like that of clematis, therefore it is recommended to protect the plant from strong wind. Next to them at the bottom you can plant plants with a small root system for shading the lower zone. Planting flowers is possible in any soil, except for too wet and swampy areas. Well-friable fertile or slightly alkaline.
Watering them should be moderate, with the exception of the first year of life. At this time, in dry sunny weather, they need a lot of moisture. Their long roots, going deep under the ground, are capable of extracting moisture themselves. It is advisable to carry out regular flower dressing, especially at the beginning of growth in spring and before budding. This contributes to a more abundant and lush bloom, the leaves are filled with color and become more glossy. Although princes can do for a very long time without fertilizers.
To rejuvenate the bush, it is necessary to carry out periodic pruning every 5 years. After the plant has bloomed, the shoots are shortened to 70 centimeters. Do not forget to get rid of old dried leaves and stems of creepers and carry out periodic care. They need support only at the beginning of development, adult plants themselves cling to trees, fences and gazebos.
Knyazhiki very easily breed in various ways: cuttings, dividing the roots, layering or seed.
The simplest is the method of reproduction by layering. The plant is pinched, pressed to the ground and buried. After rooting, transplanted to the desired location.
In the spring before the start of flowering produce division of the bush. To do this, dig up the bush and cut into separate segments with buds and roots.
The cuttings should have a lower oblique cut of about 3 centimeters. At each segment, preferably 2 internodes. They are planted under the film in June, towards the end of the month, they produce watering and ventilation.
Seeds from flowers can be collected and planted in the fall in October, then shoots will appear in June. It is necessary to sow them in a container that needs to be buried in the soil for the whole winter. Planting in a permanent place is made at the age of two.
The method of propagation of princes by seed is very often used. Care of saplings does not represent any complexity. Seeds are soaked in gauze. For planting, a mixture of 2 parts of the earth and 1 part of sand is used, which is poured into a container. Then there are sown seeds and a little sprinkled them with sand. After that, you need to pour the earth and cover it with glass.
After 3 pairs of leaflets come up, seedlings can be transferred to the beds, which must be carefully prepared. Peat, humus, compost from leaves and pine needles can be put into the ground. The distance between plants should be observed about 25 centimeters. The soil is mulched and periodically loosened as the seedlings grow. It is necessary to monitor timely watering to prevent the drying of the earth and to conduct attentive care. It will be possible to transplant young plants only next spring or autumn.
Planting in open ground
In open ground princes planted in May or in September. For planting is better to use biennial seedlings. Pre-dig fossa width of 60 centimeters. The distance between them is recommended to do about 100-150 centimeters. Drainage is laid on the bottom: brick chips, rubble. It is desirable to make fertilizers, such as humus, superphosphate, wood ash. Slaked lime can be added to the acidic soil. Roots deepened by 6-10 centimeters.
These flowers have fragile roots, which must be handled very carefully. If they are broken during planting, they are treated with manganese and sprinkled with ashes. It is better to immediately choose a place for the constant growth of flowers, since the adult princes do not tolerate the transplant. After planting, the plant is watered and mulched. To prevent fungal diseases, sprinkle a root zone with a mixture of ash and sand and pour manganese solution.
Knyazhiki are subject to certain types of diseases, such as powdery mildew, rust, spotting. In addition, it is necessary to remove various pests in time - snails and slugs. To protect against rodents, it is recommended to cover the flowers with fir branches for winter. Tip: Spraying the plant with karbofos will prevent the formation of a mealy worm.
Mealy dew overpowers all parts of the plant. Leaves and shoots affected by it, begin to dry out. A characteristic feature is the formation of white bloom on them. All diseased shoots must be removed and burned to prevent further infection. Spraying with whey or water solutions with the addition of ash, mustard powder, liquid soap and baking soda will help prevent the occurrence of the disease.
Rust overpowers all aboveground parts of the plant. This disease can be identified by the presence of bloated ginger spots. Methods of struggle are the same as with powdery mildew. Spraying with a poly-carbacin suspension may be used.
Brown spotting usually begins with young shoots and leaves. The formation of brown spots threatens the death of the whole plant. And it can also appear as white spots with a purple outline on fresh leaves. To prevent this disease, the plant is treated with a 0.1% solution of copper or iron sulphate.
Knyazhiki can beautifully frame the fence, balcony or staircase. They can decorate any wall. Decorated with flowers, an arbor or tree will emphasize the originality of any garden.
This winding culture takes up very little space in the garden, due to which it can be planted instead of trees or shrubs. Its thick shoots and leaves, as well as gorgeous colorful flowers can protect from bright light and dust, well shading the area.
This flower is better to plant next to the arch or veranda, taking into account that this is a winding culture. As he grows, he will twist around nearby objects. At one place culture can grow up to 10 years. Poor transplant due to fragility of the root system.
The medicinal properties of the prince are widely known. From this plant make various tinctures that serve as a general tonic to the body.
These noble flowers can decorate the garden and the walls of any house, if you provide them with the necessary space and all the conditions for growth. Planting and caring for the plant will bring a lot of pleasure to true lovers of these flowers. Knyazhik and Clematis complement each other well. Thanks to the princes, the flowering of the northern garden is extended for half a month. These flowers are very decorative, not only during flowering, but also during budding.
Knyazhiki can be propagated by seeds. Usually this species plants. Seeds can be sown in open ground in the fall. And in the spring there will be shoots. Propagation by dividing the bush is also possible.
You can begin to engage in cuttings in June. To do this, cut out the middle part of the shoot with good buds. Then they must be rooted.
The period of flowering in princes is one and a half months. This is May - June. There are also varieties that additionally bloom in late summer. Planting the plant in open ground, should be cut half. This will help to form and root fresh roots.
Clipped shoots are not thrown away. They can be planted next to the main bush. Each stalk would be well tilted in different directions, so that it resembled the sun's rays. The depth of the dimples should be five centimeters. The cuttings are covered with river sand and pressed against the ground with something to create a solid connection with the soil. This will help to form a large bush, which will not be afraid of cold.
There are three groups of clematis:
- Trimming does not require. Wintering takes place on supports.
- It is cut off on distance of meter from the earth.
- Cut off at a distance of ten to fifteen centimeters from the ground.
Knyazhiki attributed to clematis. Currently, a large number of them. And they are quite different: blue, white, terry. Knyazhiki have many differences from large-flowered clematis. There are differences in appearance, in terms of growing conditions. With the help of princes in the garden stretches a flowering vine. It is necessary to plant immediately to a permanent place, so as not to transplant later, because adult plants are hard to take root.
This crop usually grows in one place for a long time. After a few years, all the flowers rise up, and the bottom, unfortunately, bare. In order to avoid emptiness it is good to plant low-growing flowers around.
Varieties for the Moscow region
Most gardeners consider clematis alpine prince. It is a climbing plant. All season, the prince pleases with its luxurious blooms. Its buds can reach six centimeters in diameter. Alpine knight has a bluish-purple or blue tint. Curly liana well braids hedge, tree, arbor. And gives a delightful look. Alpine clematis prince has several varieties. They differ from each other in their color. The most popular are such varieties:
- Willy. The diameter of the buds is five centimeters. Flowers have a delicate pink and lilac color.
- Lemon Dream. This variety flowers have a lemon shade. It is considered to be frost resistant.
- Pamela Jackman. The variety is richly flowering. Its inflorescences are bright purple.
Any varieties of alpine clematis breed well on the summer cottage. He looks great separately and in combination with each other. Very often such vines are used as hedges.
Planting alpine clematis in open ground is best in spring. The plant is considered whimsical. However, the landing site must be selected correctly. Clematis does not like drafts. The penumbra is well suited.
Great attention should be paid to the soil.. It should not be heavy and sour. It is best to pick fertile soil so that the moisture is well absorbed. Clematis does not like groundwater, as they can cause root decay.
The hole for the landing need to be done at a depth of 50 centimeters. Then prepare the drainage. At the very bottom of the hole will need to pour rubble. To fill a sapling is better with a special substrate. You can cook yourself. It is enough to mix a bucket of fertile land with one hundred grams of hydrated lime. Additionally, add five kilograms of leaf humus.
To plant clematis in open ground need at a distance of twenty five centimeters. Be sure to take care of the support for the plant.
Many plant a vine near the building. The distance between the room and the creeper should be 40 cm. Water flowing from the roof should not harm the plant.
Clematis can be planted in the fall. Landing conditions will be the same. Only the hole should be filled up with the substrate immediately, and in the spring - gradually. After autumn planting liana cover. You can use straw, fallen leaves.
Alpine knight considered fastidious. Caring for him is pretty simple. Only a few basic rules of care should be remembered:
Excess moisture can harm the plant. In the spring it is enough to produce watering once a week. In the hot summer of the prince, moisture should be supplied more often. Watering is better in the evenings. Fertilizing is necessary at the time of growth.. Feed clematis better with special preparations.
Knyazhik exacting to the surrounding vegetation. Weeds need to be cleaned in a timely manner so that the plant is not affected by lack of moisture.
Knyazhik Siberian usually grown in cold climates. The flowering period begins in mid-summer, but may continue in the fall. He is the most unpretentious. Habitat is Siberia and the European part of Russia.
Known Siberian people call "wild hops." Plant can be in sunny places and in shady areas. Inflorescences in the Siberian prince yellow or white hue. The smell of flowers is fragrant, contains a lot of nectar. Therefore, there are always a lot of bees around.
Knyazhik- clematis for the lazy
The flowers are always terry, very large for the Atragene group (10-12 cm in diameter), light lemon-colored, greenish during blooming, and when completely blooming whiten, bell-shaped, hanging, pleasantly smelling of grapefruit, sitting on purple pedicels. The flowers have 4 sepals and 12-15 lanceolate, slightly wavy, sharply ending staminodes. Yellow anther stamens on lemon-greens and pale yellow pistils. It blooms in May and repeats flowering, but less abundantly in summer. It has beautiful dark green relatively large leaves (up to 21 cm in length and 14 cm in width) - triple, trifoliate, with beautiful texture and jagged edges of leaflets. It reaches a height of 2-3 m. It clings to support with leaf petioles. Frost-resistant and unpretentious. Loves well lit places, but not too warm. Tolerates partial shade. Especially good for growing in fences, garden supports, stones, old stumps, deciduous and coniferous shrubs. Can be used as a groundcover.
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All princes. New collection
Knyazhiki, as you know, very unpretentious grateful vines. Early bloom, many varieties please the most beautiful flowers in late April. After flowering, creepers are decorated with ornamental stem. Most varieties give re-bloom.
Knyazhiki do not need to be removed from supports, these are very comfortable lianas, they quickly grow and give a great green mass.
Их можно использовать не только для декорирования арок, пергол, заборов, но и в качестве почвопокровного растения. This unconventional way of using princes (and clematis!) Is now coming into fashion. Botanical clematis adorn retaining walls, slopes, foregrounds of flower beds. It is original and fresh.
The prince, quite popular in our gardens, is a climbing plant, which inexperienced gardeners often confuse with clematis, since both are shrub vines from the ranunculus family. Not many species comprise this genus and only 4 of them are able to grow in the conditions of open ground. Krupnolepest, alpine, Siberian and Okhotsk will be a wonderful decoration of the site.
In Knyazhik's landscape design, various vertical stony surfaces are used as a hedge, in combined plantings and for gardening, on which he can wonderfully trail up. In addition, this plant can be used as a coating. Long branches perfectly located on the lawn, which will surprise with its uniqueness even the most demanding landscape designers.
Types and varieties Knyazhik
Perhaps the most common form of this plant in garden design. In nature, prefers rocky cliffs, which clings to its branches. It grows well in the North-Western part of Russia, and is able to acclimatize in the southern regions, where it is best placed in partial shade. The abundance of sun, hot rays tolerates quite painful.
Abundant flowering begins in May. Liana, reaching a length of 3 meters, densely decorated with gorgeous flowers of blue, pink, purple, lilac tones. To plant the Alpine Kniezhik is better in the stony soil, having recreated for it natural conditions of growth. It is necessary to provide abundant watering in drought. For the winter period it is worth cutting off the shoots that did not have time to get stronger. Remove from the support is not necessary. Famous varieties: Pink Flamingo, Willy, Pamela Jackman.
This type of plant is found in the forests of Siberia and the Upper Volga. It is quite rare, therefore protected by reserves. In terms of cultural cultivation reaches a height of 3 meters. It is characterized by only white color. Large flowers look great and attract the attention of others. In addition, it does not lose its decorative and after flowering.
Gorgeous leaves, fruits of unusual shape decorate it until winter.
Shaded areas of the garden, long supports (even tree trunks will do) are what liana needs to make it feel excellent. It is not necessary to warm for the winter. The plant tolerates frost well.
A characteristic feature of the varieties of this species is the peculiar structure of the flower. The inflorescence consists of 4 main long, pointed petals, which are organically supplemented with an incalculable number of smaller ones located in the core around the stamens.
Violet, white and pink tones are more characteristic of this species. Long lianas that are capable of reaching a height of 4 meters in nature are found in China, Eastern Siberia and the Far East. However, to grow them in warmer conditions in shaded areas is quite acceptable. The most famous varieties, bred by Canadian breeders: "Memme", "Estrella", "Maidwell Hall".
Unlike its relatives, this plant blooms in June. Flowers, resembling a bell of bright purple and lilac tones, are the most unusual and decorative, which are grown in garden conditions. Just like all other species, it is unpretentious. It grows in the shaded corners of the garden and reaches a height of 3 meters. It is found in nature in Primorye, Eastern Siberia and China.
Diseases and pests
In the conditions of the southern regions of Russia, these plants are subject to early defeat by powdery mildew and rust. It is necessary to treat as lesions appear on the leaves with special preparations. Against the powdery mildew, funds on a natural basis, such as Fitosporin, are excellent. Do not forget that powdery mildew spores live not only on the leaves of plants, but also in the ground. When processing, do not forget to shed the ground where the vine grows.
The characteristic features of the plant include:
- the average length of the vine is from 2 to 3 m,
- large, drooping, bell-shaped buds,
- complex leaves of the opposite type, attached to the elongated cuttings.
The variable phenotypic signs are:
- Terry or simple bud shape,
- two-tone, white, pink, blue, purple, lilac, purple petals,
- in a cup from 4 to 8 sepals.
In nature, 8 types of princes are registered, several of them grow on the territory of Russia. Of the introduced varieties, the Alpine clematis are especially popular. The endurance of the prince, uncharacteristic for most clematis, was the reason that many growers compare him to hops. In the people the plant is known under such everyday names as wild or borovy hops. Outwardly, they are so similar that in the photo they are difficult to distinguish. Previously, the prince called the Latin style atragen.
Advantages of princes over other types of clematis
Borovoy hop is common in the wild. You can meet him on the forest edges among the thickets of shrubs. Clinging to the shoots for the trunks and branches of the trees, the vine completely entangles them. In some mountainous regions of the Alps, pied atragens fall from the slopes and protrusions, forming beautiful flowering curtains.
Being adapted to the conditions of the wild environment, they are particularly unpretentious when grown in gardens and park areas. The varieties of panicle hydrangea are more fastidious in this regard. Among the main advantages worth noting:
- high winter hardiness of individual varieties,
- random wintering where the plant does not require seasonal pruning,
- resistance to frequent transplants
- fast regeneration of the root system
Padalka (seeds) is notable for its friendly germination. In species clematis planting material should be stratified and grown at home to seedlings.
As mentioned earlier, in Russia princes are represented by 4 types:
Homeland alpine species is Southern Europe. In the presence of high supports reaches 3 m in height. Buds are formed on overwintered shoots. Flowers drooping, from 2 to 6 cm in length, formed from May to June, have a delicate violet color. Young branches by the end of the vegetative season lose flexibility and become covered with tree bark. In regions with a long summer period, the clematis blooms secondarily at the end of the vegetative season (from August to September). To rejuvenate it, flower growers once every 3-4 years, cut the lash to 2-3 knots from the root.
The Violet Purple varnish knight has purple-crimson flowers with a yellow center, their diameter is 5-6 cm. They appreciate it for a compact and tidy look, the possibility of growing in containers.
For planting in the garden beginners prefer to choose varieties:
- Cyanea with a velvety coating on the veins,
- Pink Pink Flamingo,
- Ruby with elegant foliage,
- semi-double Constance and others.
Okhotsk species is considered the most frost-resistant. Varieties have elongated (up to 2-3 m) grassy stems, the distribution area is Primorsky Krai. The flowering period depends on the planting region, varies from May to the end of June. The buds of the vines are drooping, the flowers resemble bells, consisting of 4-8 sepals. They are formed on overwintered shoots. Petals can be blue, violet, azure. When preparing for wintering, the stems are not pruned. But weigels have a positive attitude to pruning, so at this time we should not forget about them.
- Siberian and krupnolopestkovy species
Siberian varieties of clematis are sung in the poetry and prose of the past. They are often identified with wild hop and are described as very delicate and refined plants. Distributed from the Urals to the Sayan Mountains, easily recognizable by the white water lilies of the flowers and the large number of bees around them. They have delicate sweetish aroma, thanks to which they are recognized as the best decorative lianas for landscape gardening zones and summer cottages. They are characterized by high winter hardiness and can lie under the snow without damage to the vegetative system for more than 5 months.
In the shaded area, the flowering period is delayed for several weeks.
Knyazhik krupnolopestkovky hails from the pan-Asian countries (China and Japan). From there it was introduced to the Far East, then the habitat spread to Western Siberia. This type of photophilous, resistant to direct sunlight. It features spectacular large colors of purple color. Drooping buds have a terry shape, reach a diameter of 4-5 cm. The flowering period lasts from May to June. It is considered the most whimsical representative, for it the temperature below -25 ° С is destructive. When preparing the garden for the winter season, the vine is cropped up to 2-3 knots from the root, the fresh cut is treated with garden pitch, and the plant itself is laid in the hole and covered with mulch.
Of the varieties should advise:
- powerful Anders with abundant blooms
- Ballet Skirt with pink warm shade of petals,
- Ash Spider suitable for growing in containers
With the landing of the prince and further care there are no problems, the complex of actions will be the same with respect to any of the above types.
Planting and growing
Gardeners recommend planting atrogens in loose black soil or weakly alkaline soil. Like most clematis, they do not tolerate sour and saline soils. The place for a bush is chosen on the sunny or slightly shaded side of the site. A series of photos taken in the garden will help determine the position of the sun over the site at different times of the day. The best place is a hill where stagnant waters will not accumulate.
- In open ground princes planted in the spring before the beginning of the active phase of the growing season. The size of the landing pit should be 2-3 times the root system.
- In the presence of groundwater at the bottom of the landing pit provide for drainage of gravel or sand. The layer should be 20-25 cm. For the fertility, pour a bucket of humus, a little peat and turfy earth, add 1 cup of wood ash. If the land is acidic, fill 150 g of slaked lime.
- The seedling is placed in the center of the planting pit, straighten the roots and sprinkled with earth. The root neck is deepened by 4-5 cm, in cold regions - by 10-12 cm.
- After planting, the soil is compacted and watered.
Video about the features of growing.
At one place they can grow for about 20 years, dispensing with frequent watering and pruning, but this does not mean that systematic care can be excluded. To irrigate and loosen the ground under the bush is necessary as it dries. To retain moisture, soil mulching is used, as well as planting of low-growing crops with dense, creeping crown.
- Top dressing during the season
Top-dressing of rooted bushes is carried out three times per season in a radical way. To do this, use mineral and organic fertilizers alternately. Complex fertilizers containing humates are ideal for them. Of the organics are actively used rotten compost, it is poured into the circle around the trunk.
Pruning pruning, rooting cuttings and cuttings
In the spring, they carry out crown-forming and sanitary pruning. All dry, deformed and side shoots are cut from the bush. After this procedure, the root system is actively growing. Once every 3 years they practice anti-aging pruning, cutting off the old whips under the root.
It is advisable to cut the haircut after flowering, so that the young shoots can grow to the end of the season, and next year they will form buds.
If you want to get a new seedling, then rooting of cuttings will be appropriate. To do this, a few shoots resorted to the ground, cleared of weeds, secured with pins, sprinkled with fertile soil. So that the roots begin to grow in the leaf axils, the soil is periodically watered around. A year later, young seedlings can be safely separated from the maternal liana.
In addition to cuttings for propagation, growers actively use cuttings with one pair of opposite leaves. Cut off for rooting green and already lignified cuttings. The main condition for survival is soil and air humidity, i.e. growing in a greenhouse (under the hood). The first roots appear after 3 weeks. Grow a seedling at home or greenhouse. It should be planted in open ground not earlier than in a year.
Experimenters and experienced gardeners do not bypass the method of growing clematis from seeds. It is more troublesome, but allows you to get a lot of seedlings of different varieties.
It is worth noting that the juice of princes is poisonous and can cause burns and allergic reactions if it comes into contact with the skin. When working florists use personal protective equipment - rubber gloves and a respirator. At hit of juice of a clematis in eyes it is required to carry out the washing with water right there in order to avoid a burn of a retina. Garden shears and secateurs after working with the plant are carefully washed and treated with an antiseptic composition.
It is important to monitor the state of princes throughout the vegetative period. Crohn and leaves should not come into contact with such delicate flowers as petunia, violet, pansies, stem-roses, as well as fruit and berry crops.
If the above rules are observed, the liana-shaped hops will delight their owners with lush blooms for several decades.
Characteristics of the prince
The plant is closely related to another weaving flower - clematis. But at the same time it looks more subtle due to delicate petals. Sometimes the prince is called wild hops or sabers, as well as a creeper. With a good support, the vine grows up to 3 meters in length, clinging to the projections of twisted leaf petioles.
- stem - flexible, with a lot of shoots,
- root - fragile, fibrous,
- sheet plates - carved, located opposite each other,
- flowers - single, large (about 10 cm in diameter), look like bells, head down,
- color - white, pink, blue, purple. There are princesses that combine 2 shades,
- bloom - from May to June
- fruits - round, pubescent. Mature in late summer or early autumn.
Attention! When planting a prince, remember that the plant contains poison. In folk medicine, it is used for preparing anti-inflammatory, fortifying decoctions and tinctures. But cooking and drinking them without consulting a doctor is prohibited!
Types and varieties of princes for growing in the garden
Botanists described 8 types of climbing culture. Of these, only a few are found on the backyards of Russian gardeners. Each type of prince has its own varieties. In general, there are more than a hundred.
Alpine. This species blooms with blue-violet bells ranging in size from 2 to 6 cm. It can produce buds twice per season: by the beginning and end of summer. Grades:
- Pamela Jackman - liberally produces bright purple flowers,
- Lemon Dream - different white-lemon color,
- Francis Rivis - blooms bluish-purple, etc.
Large-petal. Flowers of saturated color and up to 9 cm in size are dissolved in May days. These princes are resistant to even 30-degree frost. It is not surprising that, on the basis of this beautiful species in all respects, more than two dozen varieties have been bred. Some of them (all - semi-double):
- Ballet Skist - decorate the garden with pink flowers, resembling a graceful tutu of a ballerina,
- Markham’s Pink is a purple-pink variety,
- Cecile - blooms with purple-blue bells.
Siberian. Forms flowers the size of 3-4 cm. Color - pure white or mixed with yellow. This prince winters well and can bloom 2 times in one season. Due to the fruit, it maintains decorativeness even after withering.
Okhotsk. A distinctive feature - 8 petals in the inflorescence. You can see them in June, when the prince is dismissing blue-violet or blue buds. The most popular variety is Carmine Rose, where pale pink color is in harmony with purple.
Planting prince in the garden
When choosing a place, it is better to give preference to a slightly shaded area than an open area with the scorching rays of the sun. The soil should be fertile, friable, with neutral acidity. Make sure that the landing site of the prince is not blown by the winds. Another, no less important condition - the presence of support. This can be a pergola, fence, any mesh.
To root a seedling, dig a deep and wide hole. Approximate landmarks - 0.5-0.6 m in all directions. At the bottom lay a 10-15-centimeter layer of drainage from broken brick or rubble. About a month before the landing of the prince, pour 5-8 kg of humus into the hole, 2-3 glasses of wood ash and 50 grams of superphosphate in the granules. If the soil is acidic, add about 100 g of hydrated lime.
- Take a seedling or a rooted cutting at the age of 2 years.
- Cut on it shoots above the 1st or 2nd kidney.
- In the hole make a mound.
- Put a plant on it, spread its roots.
- Sprinkle with moist soil so that the root neck is 6-12 inches deep.
- Condense the earth, pour and grumble the future liana.
Features care, pruning and breeding
The plant of the first year of life loves water, but will not tolerate its stagnation. Moisten the soil at least once in 7-10 days, and in drought - even more often. Then loosen the ground. Make sure the plants are mulched. As the crop grows, you can slightly reduce the intensity of irrigation.
Для насыщенной окраски и обильного цветения подкармливайте цветок. Чередуйте жидкое органическое и минеральное «питание». Вносите удобрения раз в месяц после полива княжика. Всего потребуется 3 подкормки: во время развития побегов, в период формирования бутонов и после окончания цветения. Regularly cut dry twigs and faded inflorescences, shorten the rest of the shoots by 1/3.
Rejuvenation of the prince is required every 5 years. If the variety is not resistant to frost, the shoots are removed from the support and covered with spruce branches, and the root neck is mulched. Knyazhik rarely affects diseases and pests. To fight apply fungicides and insecticides.
You can propagate the culture as follows:
- seeds. Before spring sowing, they are kept in cold for 2 months. In the autumn, the material is planted without preparation,
- by division. Adult princes share in April,
- cuttings. Requirements: length - 3-6 cm (taken from the middle part of the branch), the presence of 2 nodes. Cut in the summer and rooted in the greenhouse, in a mixture of expanded clay and sand. Top wrapped with film and stored until next year.
The simultaneous cultivation of the Alpine, Siberian and Okhotsk princes will enable to realize the dream of a continuously flowering corner of the garden. It will be alternately littered with flowers of different shades from late spring to early fall.
And a little about the secrets.
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Popular species and varieties
Knyazhik - the closest relative of clematis, but less demanding to care. All kinds of prince are shrub vines with woody shoots 2–4 m high. Leaves are pinnate, with jagged edges and petioles, with which they cling to the support.
Flowers solitary, drooping up to 10 cm in diameter, growing from the axils of the leaves. The flowers consist of 4–8 sepals ovate or lanceolate. Inside the flower are numerous bright stamens. The color of the flowers may be purple, pink, white, pale yellow.
Mass princess blooms in May and June. Individual flowers may bloom throughout the summer. In August and September, fruits gathered in a fluffy head ripen.
Of the 8 types of prince, 4 are grown on the territory of our country.
Originally from Siberia and the Far East. Different from other types of flower shape. They look more voluminous due to the imposition of large external sepals on narrow internal ones.
Popular varieties: dark blue Maidville Hall 2-3 m high, "Rosie O'Grandy" with pink terry flowers, winter hardy "Estrella"snow white Memme.
Knyazhik Alpine grade Willy
This species grows better in shade or partial shade. In winter, shoots are shortened.
The blue-violet variety blooms in May "Pamela Jackman", blue "Frances Rives", pink and white "Willy". Blooms profusely in April-June pink Pink Flamingo.
Prince of Okhotsk
The most frost-resistant view from the forests of Primorsky Krai. It blooms in June on last year's shoots of blue or purple flowers.
Decorative prince "Tag Lundell" with purple flowers with a diameter of 5-7 cm.
We recommend that you also read the article "Curly Flower Plants", it also describes other types of curly flower vines.
Support and trimming
Support is needed for growing prince
For plants establish light, but strong support. After planting shoots immediately attached to the support. Garter will set the right direction for growth. The bush will look beautiful, less damaged and have fungal diseases.
Knyazhiki not cut in the fall - they bloom profusely only on the shoots of the previous year. Cut off only weak shoots in thickened bushes. In the spring, in order to maintain the ornamental appearance, part of the shoots, which were previously flowers, are removed.
The best results are obtained by grafting in June-July. Take the middle part of the shoots 4–6 cm long with one or two nodes. Treated with growth stimulant and planted in a greenhouse in the wet sand. Cuttings metered watered. In a greenhouse, the air temperature is maintained at between 20–25 ° C. Rooting lasts 20-30 days. Seedlings are transplanted into separate containers or pots for rearing. The following year, they are planted in the ground at a permanent place.
This way most often rejuvenate adult plants. In April (before the beginning of the growing season), 5–6-year-old overgrown bushes dig out with a clod of earth, trying not to damage the roots. The plant is divided into several parts, each of which must contain renewal buds and part of the roots. Delenki are planted in prepared pits, deepening the root neck by 8-10 cm.
Pests and diseases
Knyazhiki get sick powdery mildew, rust, brown spot. From these diseases use fungicides.
Pests are a threat. gall nematode, mealybug, slugs and snails, and mice and moles. From nematodes, 30–40 days before planting, the soil is treated with special agents; the mealybug is destroyed by karbofos. Slugs and snails are harvested by hand or sprayed the soil with metaldehyde. Spread fir fir twigs around the bushes will scare off rodents during wintering.
Knyazhiki occupy little space when planting and can grow where you can not plant trees or shrubs. They are good not only in vertical gardening. With the help of semicircular and raised supports, princes are grown as ground cover plants.
For more information about the features of growing a prince, see the video.
Knyazhik - cultivation, reproduction, planting and care
Knyazhik Siberian beautiful creeper of the Siberian forest. Protected in reserves.
The stems of this prince rise on a support of 3 m in height, braiding it with leaf stalks. Flowers of the Siberian prince are large, in the form of a wide drooping bell, with white sepals. Upon completion of flowering, the Siberian prince does not lose its decorative effect, because interesting fruits appear on the plant.
Use of prince
Knyazhiki used for vertical gardening. Transparent, light, beautiful and comfortable supports enhance the effect, emphasize the dignity of plants. On the supports princes look like flowering hanging carpets. When planting, curly princes take not much space and can be planted where it is impossible to plant shrubs or trees.
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Many gardeners plant beautiful blooming creepers called princes in their plot. Planting and caring for these unpretentious plants are quite simple, and they have been pleasing with their bright and abundant flowering since the beginning of May.
These flowers are shrub vine and are close relatives of clematis. A woody stalk with many flexible graceful shoots, covered with numerous delicate pinworm leaves, can rise to a height of 3 meters.
The period of flowering princes falls on the first half of summer. The bud of an elliptical shape is formed on long stalks (up to 12 cm). Gradually, it turns into a bell-like flower. Knyazhik differs from clematis by the location of the sepals and the presence of non-fused petals, which the latter lacks altogether. Coloring colors come in a variety of shades - from white to purple.
By the end of summer, rather peculiar fruits appear in their place. They are a spherical head, consisting of numerous fluffy columns. For their unusual appearance, the fruits covered with pubescent pink hairs are popularly called the “grandfather curls”.
Originally from the mountainous regions of Europe, today the Alpine prince is most common in Russia. The flowers of a true representative of this variety are purple-blue, up to 6 cm in size, and already bred by selection work, they can have very different colors.
Alpine prince is attractive because it can bloom again closer to the fall, although not as abundant as the first time, but, nevertheless, quite beautiful. Usually, pruning of old vines is carried out periodically in order to rejuvenate the bush.
Knyazhik Okhotsk belongs to the most frost-resistant varieties and inhabits mainly forests of Primorsky Krai. The height of the Alpine brother is almost the same, but the flowers are somewhat different - they can consist of up to 8 petals.
The Siberian knight blooms as early as the second half of summer with white or yellowish flowers, the length of which is up to 4 cm. They exude a very pleasant aroma that attracts a large number of insects, especially bees. This is the most unpretentious plant of the clematis family. Siberian prince can be planted both in the sun and in partial shade.
The large-prince knight grows mainly in Siberia and the Far East. It has very unusual, almost double flowers of blue-purple color. These are the princes most susceptible to frost. Planting and caring for them have some differences. For example, for the winter, these plants should be removed from the supports and sheltered to protect them from frost.
Many gardeners are happy to land the princes in their garden thanks to the amazing simplicity of these plants. When choosing a place to land, you should give preference to areas that are well lit by the sun or slightly shaded. It is recommended to prune the lower part of the shoots by planting around plants with a non-aggressive root system. Like clematis, princes have very delicate flowers that can suffer in the event of bad weather. Therefore it is necessary to provide for the protection of plants from the wind.
The soil for these flowers will suit any, especially good loamy, fertile. The only exceptions are marshy and waterlogged areas.
This procedure does not cause any problems. Princes can multiply using the most diverse methods - seeds, cuttings, layering or dividing rhizomes. Varieties of plants in this case do not matter.
In the autumn, seeds are harvested and sown in any container, buried in the ground for the winter. Cuttings are prepared in such a way that each has up to two internodes, and the lower end has an oblique cut of at least 3 cm. They are planted in late June in greenhouses, where they are periodically watered and ventilated.
The division of the bush is usually done in spring, before the beginning of the growing season. To do this, dig up an old bush and divide it into parts, where each has roots and buds.
Reproduction by layering is considered the most simple and promising. The young shoot is tilted to the ground and pinched, falling asleep with the ground. After he takes root, the plant can be separated and transplanted to another place.
These flowers are planted in the ground, usually in spring, in May, or in autumn - in September. Planting pits are preliminarily prepared at a distance of 100-150 cm from each other and 60 x 60 cm in size. A drainage layer of about 15 cm is placed at the bottom. This may be rubble or broken bricks. Then the pits are filled with humus or compost with the addition of superphosphate (50 g) and wood ash (3 cups). In acidic soils, you can use hydrated lime (80-100 g). It is important that before the foundation of the nearest building was at least 30 cm.
Planted plant should be very carefully, because fragile roots can break. In this case, they must be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and sprinkled with ashes. Roots spread on the surface of the mound, made in the landing pit, and covered with earth. Then the plants are watered and mulched. Depthing the root collar of seedlings should be carried out at 6-10 cm, and in adult plants - a couple of centimeters more.
To prevent the fungus from infecting the prince, after planting, it is recommended to dust the basal neck with sand with wood ash or coal and pour it with a 25% solution of potassium permanganate.
Seed propagation is often used when you need to grow princes. Planting and caring for seedlings, even for novice gardeners, do not pose any particular difficulties. In pots filled with earth and sand in a 2: 1 ratio, the seeds are sown and covered with a thin layer of sand, slightly dropping. Then watered and covered with glass soil.
When at least 3 pairs of leaflets appear on a plant, it is possible to carry out a pick-up on prepared ridges consisting of sod land, humus, leaf soil, sand and peat. Plants are planted in rows, the distance between which is not less than 25 cm. Seedlings should be grated and watered as the soil dries. When new leaves appear, the soil between the rows is well loosened and mulched.
Only the next autumn or spring, young plants are transplanted to a permanent place, the most suitable for such a flower as a prince. Photo sites, where these plants fit harmoniously into the design and are a worthy decoration of the garden, can help in this.
Powdery mildew, rust, brown spot and gall nematode are among the most common diseases that princes are subject to. You can fight them with the help of special treatment and removal of damaged parts of the plant.
Snails and slugs often damage the leaves of the prince. They have to be removed mechanically. From the powdery worm, the plant will protect the spraying with karbofos.
These plants are great for vertical gardening.
Installed on poles, stakes or racks, they can wonderfully decorate the walls of a house, fence or staircase. The merits of other plants in the garden can emphasize light and elegant prince. Photos of arbors, balconies, trees, decorated with the help of this flower, are striking in their originality and beauty.
In addition to the decorative function princes are also very useful. Drugs based on this plant have long been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of headache, epilepsy and rheumatism.