For many gardeners, the actual question is what can be planted under an apple and pear tree, as well as other fruit trees, in order to save space on the site. Having a large fruit-bearing garden with a limited amount of land is a luxury that few people can afford.
Experienced gardeners, planting a garden, know in advance what exactly under each tree in the future can be planted. This helps to properly distribute trees, shrubs, flowers and vegetables on the site.
The science of allelopathy studies the interaction and influence of plants on each other. In nature, there are “aggressors” who displace other shoots from even established communities, such as wheat grass, sucker, and ash. Growing up, they seize the territory and suppress the soil. Deciding, for example, which flowers to plant under an apple tree, and not knowing about allelopathy, you can destroy the other trees.
When smashing a garden, you should consider how different types of fruit trees affect each other. This is because all plants emit chemicals with their root and leaf systems. It is the incompatibility of these substances in their interaction that plays a role in the further growth and fruiting of trees and vegetable crops.
Before deciding what can be planted under an apple tree, you should pay attention to the neighboring trees. When the garden is only broken, it is better to check in advance which saplings are compatible and which are not. For example, you can not plant a plum and a pear next to it. Their root systems, penetrating each other, will inhibit growth, and the harvest will either be low or be absent altogether.
To find out what can be planted under a young apple tree, and that under an old pear, one should refer to the plant compatibility table.
Compatibility of vegetables with fruit trees
The desire to save space and combine a garden and a vegetable garden on 4-6 hectares of land requires that the gardener know about the compatibility of certain plants.
To understand what can be planted under an apple tree of vegetables, besides their compatibility, one should take into account how light-loving a vegetable is and how susceptible it is to diseases.
So, there are vegetables with which the apple tree has “friendly” relations, and there are those with whom the real “friendship”. A good reciprocal combination of this tree with cucumbers. In order to harvest a good harvest of both, one should bring 2 buckets of humus under the near-stem circle in the fall and carefully dig it into the ground, trying not to touch the roots of the tree.
In the spring, after harvesting fallen leaves, one should walk with a rake, and then dig holes in two rows around the perimeter of the crown 30-40 cm apart from each other. When the danger of frosts passes, these wells, carefully watering them with warm water, can be transplanted cucumber seedlings. After planting, warm watering is also required.
After 7-10 days after planting shoots with fishing line or twine can be tied to the branches of the apple. This will help the seedlings withstand the weight of the fruit as it ripens. Watering should be carried out every other day, and feeding - diluted with 1:10 mullein - once in 2 weeks. The crown of the tree will save cucumbers from the scorching sun and keep the soil moist.
Experienced gardeners say that even high tomatoes, onions and garlic can be planted under the apple trees of vegetables. Carrots and pumpkins with apple retain "neutrality", therefore they are compatible, but with alternation of planting in a year. Categorically it is impossible to plant white cabbage near this tree. It inhibits its growth and fruiting.
Spicy crops under trees
Another way to save space in the garden is to plant spicy and salad crops under the trees.
Gardeners say that you can plant lettuce, sorrel, basil, dill and barberry under an apple tree, which not only feel great under this tree, but also have a beneficial effect on it. These plants tolerate shade well and, with sufficient watering, produce succulent and strong greens.
There are spicy plants that inhibit the apple tree and significantly reduce the yield of fruits. Sage, mint, parsley should not be allowed near this tree.
For those gardeners who are wondering what to plant under the apple trees in the garden, there is an option to sow several types of crops at once.
For example, shade-loving sorrel can be planted closer to the trunk, and strawberries, cucumbers and barberries on the southern side of the tree or where the crown is less common.
Therefore, one apple tree can provide shelter to several vegetable crops at once, significantly freeing up space in the garden for potatoes, cabbage and beets.
Grapes in the garden
If there is little or no opportunity to build a grape arch, it should be remembered that grape bushes can be planted under an apple tree, since they are absolutely neutral to each other and perfectly coexist.
Although experienced farmers believe that pear is the best neighbor for grapes, but if it is not on the site, the apple tree will also work. The only condition is the landing site. It should be on the sunny side of the tree.
Since inhibition of plant growth and mutually suppressed is caused by the penetration of their root systems into the territory to each other, this does not occur in the case of apple and grapes. It is recommended to plant grapes in the usual way, taking into account the size of the tree trunk and the crown border.
For flower lovers who are unable to break flower beds due to space saving, planting your favorite plants under fruit trees is a good solution.
To understand what can be planted in the shade under an apple tree, one should take into account the requirements of flowers to shade and sun.
For example, asters and hosts are the most desired neighbors for this tree. They perfectly complement each other, so you can sow, for example, asters around the perimeter of the entire tree in several rows.
For flower growers who like to combine the useful with the pleasant, it is recommended to plant nasturtium near the apple tree, which blooms beautifully and scares the aphids and whitefly.
Marigolds can be planted at different heights, starting to sow the largest varieties from a tree trunk and ending with low-growing flowers near the crown border.
This garden looks spectacular, and the flower bed does not require additional land costs.
Compatibility of apple trees with fruit bushes
All gardeners, who have experienced empirical testing, say that it is possible to plant a raspberry under the apple tree to increase the harvest of both.
Raspberry roots have a beneficial effect on the soil, saturating it with oxygen. This, in turn, has a good effect on the growth and fruiting of the apple tree. The only minus of such a union is a short time. The higher the tree and thicker its crown, and hence the shadow, the smaller the crop will give raspberries. Therefore, it should be transplanted after several years of fruitful "cooperation" with this tree.
Planting vegetables in early spring
When the trees in the garden are mature and tall enough, many gardeners think that they can be planted in the shade under an apple tree.
If fruit trees have a dense crown, then in early spring, as long as there is no foliage, their near-stem circle can become a “home” for early radishes and feather onions.
Radish is a fairly frost-resistant plant, so it can be sown in open soil as early as April, and before the apple leaves begin to bloom, you can eat the entire crop. Before sowing, it is recommended to gently dig up the ground and fertilize a compost bucket with a spoon of nitrophoska.
When planting, you should make small holes along the contour of the circle of the circle in several rows, throw 2-3 seeds in them, bury and pour with warm water. Until heat is established, it is recommended to cover the radish with a film or cloth. After 20 days, experienced gardeners are already harvesting.
The next thing that can be planted under large apple trees after harvesting radish is the onion on the feather. Plant bulbs should be often close to each other. Thus, it is possible to harvest several crops under a single tree.
Savings and practicality
Gardeners who correctly use tree trunks, get not only high yields and save space, but also others are able to advise what to plant under the apple trees in the garden.
Using someone else's experience, every summer resident can turn his garden into a blooming garden full of vegetables, fruits and flowers. Owners of such suburban areas are called practical and economical.
Rules of planting plants in pristvolny circle
When choosing planting material for placement in the circle of an apple tree, it is necessary to take into account the compatibility of plants, their effect on the soil, and peculiarities of the root system. If an apple tree began to bear fruit poorly, then it is possible to pick up such cultures that make up an excellent symbiosis with it: they will heal the roots of the fruit tree, affecting the soil composition, scare away pests, and the apple tree, in turn, will create penumbra favorable for their growth.
- the free radius from the root of the tree's neck should be at least 20 cm,
- you do not need to densely plant a tree trunk, because you will have to step into it to collect fallen apples,
- if apples are treated with chemicals, then it is better to plant flowers or green manure plants under them,
- the ground of the circle of the trunk circle is digged no deeper than half of the spade bayonet, it is preferable to use a pitchfork,
- Plants with a strong root system, as well as shrubs, cannot be planted under an apple tree.
Top-dressing of fruit trees is not carried out in the near-stem circle, as many mistakenly believe, but along its contour, where the suction roots are located. To do this, several plastic bottles with a cut-off bottom are dug in along the perimeter with the neck down. Top dressing is made in them. After a couple of years, the bottles are shifted, and the pits are laid with turf.
Do not plant the following plants under the apple tree:
The choice of crops for growing under an apple tree is also determined by the shape of the crown, which is periodically useful to thin out.
Flowers, ornamental plants
If the site has an unfavorable infectious background, as a result of which, during the growing season, apple trees need to be periodically sprayed with chemicals, then it is safer to fill the stem near the stem with ornamental plants and flowers.
Some flowers are not necessarily buy or grow seedlings - they can be dug on the side of the road or in the meadow.
The tansy is a popular decorative “savage”. This is a tall, unpretentious perennial flower that forms lush openwork bushes that grow well in the shade. Its main value is not in the beauty of the original yellow inflorescences, but in the ability to scare the aphids and seed moth from the apple tree. The tansy is replicated by self-sowing, therefore with each year its habitat will increase.
Pristvolny circle of apple trees can be sown with white clover. It forms a soft beautiful lawn, on which it is convenient to rest in the summer heat, and as the crop ripens, the falling apples will remain clean and will not be beaten. In addition, white clover is an excellent honey plant, attracting a large number of bees, which is necessary for high-quality pollination of an apple tree. Another bonus when planting this plant in the trunk circle is its ability to saturate the soil with nitrogen and protect the roots of the tree from the attack of the larvae.
In many areas growing celandine. Gardeners prefer not to exterminate it completely, since this medicinal plant is a natural iodine: to disinfect it is enough to burn the wound with juice from a broken branch. Use celandine and apple as an effective remedy for aphids. These insects lose their activity (fall asleep) from the substances secreted by the plant.
Celandine after flowering quickly loses its decorative effect, so it is desirable to dilute it with other plantings.
Some summer residents on their plots persistently struggle with thickets of lupine, which is actively sown and germinates literally everywhere. But it is this flower that can significantly increase the yield of an apple tree if planted in a circle. The main thing is to remove fading flower stalks in time to avoid uncontrolled reproduction. Lupine is a sideratome that actively accumulates nitrogen. In the fall, these plants can be crushed and mulch the soil (but not dig in).
The stem of an apple tree can be sown with white mustard, which is a good honey plant and green manure at the same time.
Lilies of the valley should not be planted in the tree circle: the root system of these plants will inhibit the roots of the tree, and fallen apples in the thickets will be difficult to find.
You can effectively decorate the tree trunk circle using marigolds. These unpretentious flowers not only protect the soil from fungi and nematodes, but also scare many unwanted insects with their smell. The summer residents note that after the marigolds were planted under the apple tree, the ants stopped nesting, respectively, the aphid carried by them disappeared.
The apple tree will look beautiful and surrounded by a lush carpet of nasturtium, which will cover the tree trunk before the first frosts. This flower cleans the soil well, serving as living mulch, and also repels bedbugs, leaf beetles, whitefly.
Revive the space under the apple tree and calendula. This medicinal plant during the flowering period will drive away many pests and attract ladybirds - the main aphid exterminators.
Aquilegia, daylilies, and irises develop well in the openwork semi-shade. You can also put the bathing vessel, liver, primula. Many gardeners planted spring flowers in the tree circle of apple trees, decorating the site until the tree was covered with foliage: daffodils, tulips, crocuses.
Popular shade-tolerant plants with a high decorative leaves are host and Brunner. With their help, you can create spectacular compositions. Under the apple tree, the stonecrop, the tenacious astilbe, also feel comfortable.
Do not plant periwinkle under the apple tree. According to the observations of gardeners, this ground cover inhibits the fruit tree, taking away a lot of nutrients.
Garden crops and herbs
If an apple tree does not need periodic spraying with chemicals during the summer, then it is possible to plant edible plants in the near-stem circle. Many of them develop well in partial shade.
Garlic is an apple-friendly neighborhood. Planted before winter, it preserves the root system of the tree from being eaten up by rats, and in summer it releases into the soil the healing phytoncides. Heads are formed at the same time standard, and the greens are much richer than in the sun.
Peas and curling beans can be planted in the near-stem circle (except for the “Vigna” variety - it is very capricious). These cultures look spectacular if they are tied to the lower tier of the branches. By adding a little peat and sand to the soil, you can successfully grow wild garlic.
Sorrel and spinach placed under an apple tree can make a rich harvest. These cultures in the penumbra form powerful razlapistye bushes with succulent leaves, provided that the soil is sufficiently nutritious and well hydrated. Various kinds of leaf salads will also grow well.
Many gardeners actively share the experience of successful cultivation of cucumbers under apple trees. This is quite feasible if the crown of the tree is properly formed, thinned out, and the lower branches are sufficiently high from the ground. Planting cucumbers is no closer than a meter from the trunk, and better - closer to the edge of the trunk circle. In the soil is previously brought rotted manure. But the best thing is not to disturb the roots of the apple tree by digging, and put a few cisterns around the tree or buckets without a bottom. Coarse compost is poured down, then good humus mixed with soil, where cucumber seedlings are planted.
Scour cucumbers are light, so they can be tied to the lower branches of an apple tree. This is useful not only from the point of view of the purity of the vegetables, but also to prolong the fruiting: the air temperature is directly below the ground than at a distance of 1-2 meters, therefore, the fall of the nighttime cold snaps will not be scary for some time.
Cucumber mustache willingly cling to the tree, making their way into the crown. The foliage of apple trees protects them from cold dew and partly from rain, so the flogs are much less likely to be affected by downy powdery mildew.
Cucumbers under the apple tree will give more female flowers if you feed them with “fermented water”: a few moldy pieces of bread are soaked in a bucket of water that is exposed to the sun. When bubbles appear, the solution is mixed several times, then used for watering cucumbers.
Pumpkins and Zucchini
Pumpkins and zucchini can also be placed under an apple tree if the tree trunk is well open and illuminated for several hours by the sun.
Example landing option:
- the area under the apple tree is mulched with a thick layer of rotted manure mixed with shavings,
- holes are made in the mulch, which are filled with fertile soil,
- germinated seeds are laid out in the wells or seedlings are planted.
It should not be planted and pumpkins, and squash under the same tree.
Находчивые дачники пристраивают под яблони укоренившиеся пасынки томатов, которые жалко выбрасывать после обработки кустов в теплицах. Некоторые изначально сажают в приствольный круг несколько помидоров для отпугивания вредителей (плодожорка не переносит запах ботвы), но бонусом получают еще и приличный урожай плодов.
It should be noted that the cultivation of tomatoes in unprotected soil is a prerogative of the southern regions. In most regions of Russia, such experiments can end in failure: the growth of bushes will be depressed, they will be overtaken early by phytophthora, fruits are scarce, ripen slowly. But in a successful summer harvest may well please.
You can plant strawberries or strawberries in the near-stem circle of an apple tree. Best suited wild strawberries from the forest, a few bushes with a mustache soon form a living carpet under the tree of light green carved leaves, flowers and very useful berries. To prevent the nematode and rot from strawberries, it’s enough to plant a few cloves of garlic between the bushes.
Almost analogous to strawberry is Dusheney Indian. But it blooms not white, but yellow flowers, the berries are unfit for food. It is possible to plant this plant exclusively for ornamental purposes and to protect the soil from drying out.
There is no universal list of crops that would grow equally well in the shade of apple trees in all areas of any region. Each gardener creates ecological niches on his land by trial and error. In some cases, brings the structure of the soil, the shape of the crown of the fruit tree, the weather.
In the first year, in the tree trunk circle of an apple tree, you can try to plant several different plants at once with one goal - to check their comfort level Then in subsequent seasons use proven cultures. We should not forget about the timely thinning of the crown of apple and soil fertilizing.
Features of conditions
Determining what to plant under the apple tree, it is necessary to take into account the microclimate that is created by the lush crown and the overgrown root system of the fruit tree:
- Colon-shaped apple trees and vertically formed fruit trees practically do not create any shadow, therefore any plants can be planted in their tree trunks,
- under apple trees with a lush crown, you can plant shade-loving crops that will be as comfortable as possible in a lace scattered shade,
- in order not to damage the root system of the apple tree, it is recommended to plant plants with a shallow root system in its tree trunk circle,
- Plants planted in the root circle of an apple tree should not become its competitors in obtaining nutrients.
Another important feature that should be considered when determining what to plant under an apple tree is the convenience of processing fruit trees and harvesting.
In the lush floral thickets, fallen leaves can trivially “get lost”, begin to rot and attract pests to themselves. Therefore, when choosing cultures and methods for upgrading tree trunks, one should be as rational as possible.
Today, when rarely anyone plants a garden, all work on the site is aimed at improving its aesthetics. 2-3 years after planting the apple trees, you can proceed to the “decoration” of tree trunks.
Sowing the trunk circle with lawn grass is the most accurate and most aesthetic solution. In addition, this choice will benefit the apple tree:
- protects the fruit tree from pests and diseases,
- improve soil condition
- protects the roots from possible damage,
- keep optimum soil moisture,
- from season to season, the dying grass will enrich the soil with organic matter.
In addition, on a neat lawn it is very convenient to collect fallen leaves, because they are immediately visible on the trimmed grass.
An interesting substitute for lawn grass is white clover. It creates a soft carpet, saturating the soil with nitrogen and scaring the larvae of pests that can attack the roots of the apple tree. If you don’t mow the clover, it will form a neat meadow with honey flowers that attract pollinators to your site.
In my opinion, clover is better than lawn grass, because after mowing juicy stems do not prick. It is still pleasant to walk on them barefoot on a hot day, but on the soft carpet the falls are not fought and are clearly visible.
Of course, the most advantageous under the apple tree will look flowers. It can be perennial plants, creating a permanent composition, or bright annuals sown each year, forming an interesting meadow under the crown of the fruit tree.
When planting flowers under the crown of an apple tree, it is necessary to consider the location of the root system.
Perennials with deep taproot roots are best placed closer to the trunk so that they do not take away nutrients from the fruit tree. In addition, when composing a composition, it is necessary to focus on what conditions are necessary for flowers:
- In the zone of constant shadow, you can plant bells, balsam, hosts and forget-me-nots.
- On the illuminated areas, daisies, marigolds, pansies, nasturtium and daylily will enjoy growing.
Experienced gardeners, after years of experimentation, prefer to make flowerbeds under the apple trees, using flowers useful for the fruit tree. Lupine is considered a good sideratom, besides, it significantly increases the yield, celandine and marigold scare away ants and aphids, and nasturtium - whitefly, bugs and leaf beetles.
Of course, flowers under the apple tree will look very impressive and beautiful, but there is a significant disadvantage - in the lush thickets you will find it difficult to collect fallen leaves, besides, falling fruits can enormously damage ornamental plants.
When choosing any crop for planting under an apple tree, do not forget about the important nuances:
- Processing. Even if you are not a supporter of spraying fruit trees to increase crop volumes, this does not mean that you will never have to use chemicals. Sometimes spraying of solutions is required to save the tree if it is affected by specific diseases or pests. After such treatments, vegetables and green crops growing under the apple tree cannot be eaten.
- Watering. If you plant a lawn or clover under an apple tree, you will need to reduce the frequency of irrigation of the tree trunk. Since dense turf retains moisture, its overabundance can lead to rotting of the roots or the development of fungal diseases, which can lead to the death of the fruit tree. If you break a flower bed or beds under an apple tree, it is recommended to increase the volume of watering so that all the “partners” have enough water for development.
- Feeding. Both apple and its “neighbors” will need their strictly metered top dressings. Try to provide both the fruit tree and the crops growing under it with all the essential trace elements.
Also try to select plants that will look appropriate for planting under an apple tree and will not clutter up the space, making it difficult to collect lardings and crops.
Of course, the space around the trunk of an apple tree needs some refinement. This can be done using:
- lawn grass
- white clover
- perennial and annual flowers,
- melons and gourds (cucumbers, squash, pumpkin and zucchini),
- greens (onion, spinach, dill, leaf lettuce),
- blueberries, garden and wild strawberries.
When deciding on the best options for planting under a fruit tree, keep in mind that plants should not have a deep root system, otherwise they will take useful substances and moisture from the apple tree.
Also take into account the height of crops: magnificently expanding flowers, of course, will look advantageous in your garden, but they will not allow you to collect fallen leaves in time.
Sodding is a fairly simple way to decorate a plot. It represents the location of the lawn under it. Looks very aesthetically pleasing. In addition, it is quite beneficial because of some of the effects that occur during sabotage:
- Sod salinization decreases.
- It turns out a great place to relax in the shade.
- The soil is enriched with oxygen, as a result there is an improvement in the quality of the crop.
- The composition of the soil and its properties are improved overall.
- Moisture persists for long.
- Natural protection against chlorosis.
- Roots receive additional protection against various damages.
Under the apple tree will look good fenders runner. It is low in itself, has a bright green color that lasts for a long period of time. In addition, suitable herbs such as white clover, bluegrass meadow grass, pasture ryegrass and any varieties of fescue.
In general, the method of planting a lawn in a circle around a circle resembles the usual methods of planting.
As with any plant, for apple trees, certain neighborhoods with some plants are favorable, and with others there is none. Cucumbers are the most suitable vegetables in this case, as they do not require a large amount of light for themselves. In this case, the land for planting cucumbers, which is located under the tree, should be prepared in a certain way. During the autumn, it is necessary to carefully dig up the landing site, while adding humus and trying not to touch the roots of the apple tree.
Cucumber seedlings are planted in the most ordinary way. Already blooming crown in an apple tree will make it impossible to water cucumbers less often, because the moisture will not evaporate so much. In addition, there will be no burns on the leaves themselves, as the apple tree will provide protection from the sun.
Garlic and onions grow well under any apple tree. During their planting, you can not be afraid to cause any harm to the apple. In this space you can also put high tomatoes if summer is sunny and hot, otherwise the tomatoes simply will not have enough light of the sun.
In certain cases, you can plant a pumpkin or carrot. This neighborhood does not bear any benefit, as well as harm. There is only one rule: do not land permanently in the same zone.
White cabbage, on the contrary, is not the best neighbor for a tree. This may cause deterioration of the crop.
Herbs and other crops
Grass under the tree can only be plantedthat normally tolerate conditions in the shade. These herbs are:
The greenery growing under the apple tree will be very juicy and good in taste, and, moreover, this neighborhood will have a beneficial effect on the fruit tree.
You should not plant parsley, mint and sage, as they have a significant impact on the crop of the tree.
There are other cultures, with good compatibility with apple:
- Strawberry, it is best to plant it not so close to the trunk of the tree, but a little further away from it, so that the light of the sun falls on it.
- The grapes that are best planted from the sunny side, because he loves natural sunlight.
- Plant under the apple tree can be such flowers as: marigold, host, nasturtium, aster.
- Radish. Before planting it, it is necessary to cultivate the soil with fertilizers and dig it up well.
The vacant space on the site is perfect for growing there cabbage, beets, potatoes and other crops. At the same time, the tree trunk of an apple tree with its suitable plants will look neat and aesthetically pleasing, and will also provide real benefits.
The favorable climate under the apple tree will be preserved not only in the fall, but also in the winter, which is why it is possible to arrange a flower garden in this zone. Flowers themselves can be planted in ordinary or convex garden beds or in tanks.
Different trees under the crowns create completely different conditions. It is very important to know about the particularities of the climate in the near-stem region of the sub-crown region, before starting to plant something there.. Apple tree provides scattered shadowprotecting from direct sunlight, while leaving enough light for the plants to develop.
Under each tree will take root a variety of flowers, given the climate under the crown of the tree. First of all it is necessary to pay attention to the shadow cast by the crown, as well as to the moisture contained in the soil and its amount. Here are examples of plants that will take root well:
Experienced gardeners are advised to plant a celandine under each tree that bears fruit, as protection against insects.
Quite a few gardeners plant cilantro, parsley, garlic, and various types of lettuce under the trees. Some recommend planting zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkins and beets under a tree. With a certain degree of fantasy, this option can be a great decoration. However, there are a number of issues that need to be addressed.
During the fight against various pests may require some chemicals. And under the tree are edible cropstherefore there is a risk. And this is a personal matter of every gardener, whether to take a risk or not, breaking a vegetable garden under a tree.
In the event that crops planted in a circle around a circle possess a deep root system, they will be competitors for trees. In this situation, it is necessary to figure out how not to damage the tree.
There is a possibility of damage to the root system of the tree, while digging up the soil for the garden. From such landings just no one would be better.
Shrub plants are better not planted under trees, due to the fact that they have well-developed, deep roots. Thus, there will be a rivalry between the tree and the shrub for moisture and the necessary substances, and this can lead to rather disastrous consequences for both plants. It is for this reason that stone shrubs should not be planted under a tree, but they will live alongside just fine.
Raspberry is an exception. It is not a competitor for an apple tree, but this neighborhood seems possible only with constant pruning until the shrub grows. After that it will be need to be moved to some other suitable place.
For pristvolnoy zone ideal are stunted shrubs, ornamental (miniature conifers or eosklety)
- If in the area of the tree below there are branches that have dried or simply do not produce crops, they can be cut so that they do not interfere with the plants that you plant in a circle.
- If apple growth occurs on low-growing rootstocks, then pristvolny circles should be left unoccupied with a diameter of approximately one meter.
- Before you start planting plants in a circle, it will not be superfluous to study all their features. For example, whether a certain plant is suitable for growing in conditions of partial shade or shade. You can also ask for advice from more experienced professionals.
Thus, after planting plants in the tree circle, the garden changes for the better, it becomes more comfortable on the site. At the same time, the land is saved by about twenty, or even thirty percent. In addition to all this, the plants in a circle around the trunk bring real benefits for the site, not to mention aesthetics.
Whatever you choose to set the circle around, your main reference will be your own needs and taste. Absolutely any vegetables or flowers with the right approach will look great with apple trees, while they will also bring practical benefits.
Naturally, every gardener or summer resident, especially experienced ones, has his own discoveries and "tricks" on this topic. For this reason it will be useful for you to talk on this topic with a more experienced gardener, perhaps even look at the photos of his apple tree. It's never too late to learn.
With the beginning of heat in the country, the first flowers appear. They can also plant pristvolny circles. Their advantage is that they bloom when young leaves just appear on the trees and they have enough solar lighting. And the disadvantage is that by the beginning of summer all their aboveground parts disappear.
Solving the problem can selection of plants that appear above the surface of the earth in different periods. For example, hosts come out at a time when tulips are fading. What can be planted in the shade under an apple tree? From decorative flowering plants can be grown:
- Crocuses, muscari, tulips, daffodils are the first spring bulbous flowers that have time to bloom before the appearance of abundant crown,
- Astilba - a bush with inflorescences in the form of a panicle with shades of white, pink, red, purple,
- Dicentra - has beautiful gray-gray leaves and flowers in the shape of hearts,
- mimulyus (gubastik) - has a monotonous or leopard color, blooms 2 times a year.
Astilba decorates the ground under the apple tree
In addition to these colors, you can plant daisies, balsamines, pansies, aquilegia, bells. Also on the flowerbed around the apple tree you can plant decorative leafy plants that tolerate shading:
- the host is a very beautiful bush with large leaves of various colors,
- geykhera - a plant with carved leaves of a large palette of flowers will decorate a flower bed,
- Bruner - a low plant with decorative leaves in the form of a pointed heart.
Attention! You can not plant in a flower garden under the apple periwinkle and lilies of the valley. These plants have deep creeping shoots that will take away oxygen and nutrition from the root system of the apple tree.
In addition, there are flowers that bring not only beauty, but also benefits for all near growing plants:
- marigolds - a flower with a specific smell will scare away aphids and prevent the spread of fungal diseases,
- calendula will scare away many pests, prevent the development of fungi, bacteria in the soil,
- настурция — не только красива, но и отпугнет тлю, белокрылку, бабочку-капустницу.
Корневая система этих цветов снабжает грунт полезными веществами, а заделанные затем в него растительные остатки улучшают его структуру.
Овощные, ягодные, травяные культуры
Edible crops can also be planted in the tree trunk. Many well withstand penumbra, and even if the apple tree will shade them, nothing terrible will happen.
- pumpkin crops (cucumbers, zucchini, pumpkins) - unless they are planted together, they will feel good, throwing their whips on the apple tree,
- Tomatoes - planted around the edge of the circle of the trunk circle will scare away the moth and give a good harvest in the summer,
- berry plants - wild strawberries from the forest quickly form a carpet of leaves and useful berries, its garden counterpart - strawberries - is no less famous and useful,
- legumes - peas and climbing beans can be tied to the lower branches, which will look very impressive,
- useful herbs - dill, lettuce, sorrel, spinach, mint - will increase succulent leaves in the presence of nutritious and moist soil,
- garlic - in winter, it preserves the root system of the apple tree from gnawing pests, in the summer it releases phytoncides that are useful for the soil.
Important! Edible plants can be planted in the circle of an apple tree, provided that it will not be sprayed with toxic chemicals during the season, or biological agents will be used.
In addition to these crops, green manure are used for planting as a natural fertilizer under a tree. Their rapidly growing greens are not dug up, but are cut off and buried in the ground. With the help of siderats, the soil is enriched with nitrogen, they do not allow weeds to grow, they prevent the spread of various diseases.
Tomatoes can help the apple tree
Green mans are divided into:
- cereals (oats, barley, millet, rye),
- legumes (alfalfa, vetch, clover, soybean, field and feed peas),
- cruciferous (mustard, rape).
You can sow them throughout the year, and get for the season 3-4 harvest of useful fertilizers. Growing sideratov process is simple, does not require special skills.
Attention! Cherries are not the best option for planting under an apple tree. A powerful tree will be able to completely shade the berry crop and the harvest will be extremely scarce.
How to plant plants
When planting several different crops, factors such as their compatibility with each other and the apple tree, the effect on the soil and each other, and the peculiarities of the root system must be taken into account. Plants selected for symbiosis will heal the roots of the tree, affecting the soil and driving away the pests, and the apple tree will create the penumbra they need.
How to make a tree circle under an apple tree? For mutual favorable growth plants are planted no closer than 20 cm to the trunk of a tree. There should not be a big thickening of the tree circle: otherwise it will be necessary to step into the flowerbed to pick up fallen apples.
Under the trees treated with various poisons, it is better to grow decorative leafy or decorative flowering flowers, green manure. The ground under the barrel circle should be dug over half of a spade bayonet. To keep the roots injured as little as possible, it is preferable to use a fork.
Plant a mint under an apple tree
The apple tree is fertilized not in the center, but along the contour of the tree circle. With the neck downward they bury the bottles with the cut-off bottom, through which they feed. As the crown and roots grow, the bottles shift, the pits are covered with earth.
Before planting vegetable crops, it is recommended to pour the soil, fertilize the soil with manure, humus. The plants will be located in loose soil, they will not take moisture from the apple tree, and the harvest will be mutually good. Fertilizers should not touch the root collar in order to prevent it from drying out.
Note! Green plantings with a deep root system in the near-stem circle are not planted, because they take nutrients, substances, moisture and oxygen from the apple tree.
Flowerbed under the apple does not water too often. Excessive moisture can give a secondary growth of shoots on a tree, and this will have a bad effect on the wintering of the plant.
How to clean the plot
After picking apples you need to think about cleaning the site. Dried out plants are pulled out and destroyed. After all the apple leaves have fallen, carefully dig up the soil with a shovel, trying not to damage the roots. Clods of earth do not break. If the winter is frosty, the tree trunk should be covered with mulch, garden soil, and snow.
The next digging occurs in the spring, before the leaves bloom. During this period, digging is done with forks, shallow. Layers of soil are broken, the territory is leveled. In the summer, only loosening is done under the condition that a crust forms and weeds grow between the plants grown on top of the soil.
Digging provides the apple tree with moisture, oxygen and nutrients. The number of soil pests decreases, the roots of weeds are damaged, and a favorable environment for plant development is created.
Planting various plants in a circle, the gardener solves several tasks: empty shady areas turn into picturesque recreation areas, hand-made compositions decorate the garden space, green plantings bring benefits to the garden. Knowing that you can plant under an apple tree and around it, any gardener will be able to use the space more favorably.
Microclimate under the crown
When planting any crop at a site, they follow the rules of their compatibility, peculiarities of influence on the soil, size and growth of the root system. Some cultures do not develop in the shade of apple foliage and have a bad effect on its growth. But there are also such plants that improve the composition of the soil, deter pests, thereby helping the apple tree to develop normally.
When choosing neighbors for a shady area under the apple trees, it is taken into account that the plant should be shade-tolerant, form no deep roots, without being particularly demanding on nutrients, with a short growing season.
The basic rules that are taken into account when planting plants under an apple tree include:
- the distance from the root collar should not be less than 25 cm,
- you do not need to plant culture too thickly so that you can collect fallen fruits,
- when processing chemicals, it is important to remember that the solution gets on plants growing around the tree,
- digging the earth around the trunk can not be deeper than 17 cm,
- other trees and shrubs with strong roots should not be planted near the apple tree.
The foliage of an apple tree transmits light, creating diffused partial shade, which prevents the soil from drying out excessively. Therefore, there is enough light for the development of some other plants.
You can plant marigolds around the trunk of the fruit tree. Flowers unpretentious, can develop in the shade. The smell of plants does not like many pests. In addition, the plant protects the tree from fungal infections.
Decorate the area around the tree with nasturtium. Lush carpet of flowers protects the soil from the first frost, serves as a natural mulch and frightens off most pests.
Asters are perennial and annual. They differ in size and shape of petals, color and diameter of the inflorescence. Any kind of flower will decorate the garden. Asters are recommended to be sown under the apple tree.
Feels good under calendula pome fruit. It is considered a medicinal plant that repels insects. Calendula attracts ladybirds, which exterminate aphids.
Many gardeners plant spring flowers that have time to bloom before the leaves bloom on the tree branches and create shade. These colors include tulip, crocus, daffodils.
Such flowers as iris, daylily, pansies, primrose, bathing-place, stonecrop, daisies, forget-me-nots are successfully combined with the tree.
Flower bed location options
Flowers can be planted in various ways:
- It is possible to plant flowers in rows, alternating several species.
- Beautifully looks flowerbed of flowers of the same color.
- As an option to make a multi-tiered composition, combining with other greens and decorative stones.
- Flowers can be sown in separate containers or make a convex bed for them.
Some gardeners sow lawn with meadow grass seeds.
Garden Plants and Herbs
If the apple tree in the garden is not sprayed year-round chemicals, then you can plant crops that tolerate partial shade. Garlic, legumes and spinach are well developed in these conditions. Greens growing under the tree have a juicy taste and rich aroma: sorrel, parsley, dill, salads.
If the crown of the tree is well thinned and is far from the ground, cucumbers are planted in the near-ground zone at a distance of one meter. The plot is prepared in the autumn. They bring two buckets of humus and carefully dig up the ground, trying not to damage the roots of the tree.
In the spring, the pristvolny site is freed from fallen leaves and around the perimeter they make indentations at a distance of 35 cm. As soon as the soil warms up, seedlings are planted. A peg is stuck near each cucumber bush. From the peg to the lower branches of the tree stretch the rope. On them scourge of cucumbers will climb up.
Water cucumbers every other day. Once every two weeks spend fertilizing. Use a solution of mullein.
Some experienced gardeners use a plot under the apple trees for planting a few tomato bushes. The smell of tomato tops scares many pests. It should be remembered that a good crop of tomatoes when planted under a tree can be collected only in a good, warm summer.
Shade-loving berry plants
Strawberries and strawberries are sown around the trunk. These berries are early, so they will have time to get a sufficient development until the moment when the magnificent crown blossoms on the apple tree.
Berries growing under the tree do not dry out and do not require frequent watering. To the sun's rays fell on the glade of berries, they are seated at a distance of 90-110 cm from the trunk.
Recommended shrubs planted away from the apple. Many shrubs have strong root branches that will inhibit tree growth.
You can not plant nearby fruit crops rose bushes, lilac, barberry, jasmine, viburnum, juniper. All of these shrubs can adversely affect the immunity of an apple tree.
Currant is a perennial shrub that can have a sprawling or compact type of growth. Plant height is within 150 cm. Currant grows well in partial shade.
Currants fully acclimatize nearby with an apple tree. It should be planted at a distance of 1.5-2 meters to leave enough space for the roots, and the light without obstacles penetrated to the bushes.
Pruning branches in two garden crops is carried out at the same time, which is very convenient. Fertilizers use universal.
Council It is impossible to plant near red and black currants, the yield of berries decreases.
If you need to transplant currants to another place, you should carefully dig up its roots, so as not to damage the root system of the apple tree.
Juniper refers to evergreen coniferous shrubs. Plant height reaches three meters. The shrub is very picky about light. Be sure to take into account the neighborhood to exclude many diseases.
Juniper grown under an apple tree can negatively affect its development and fruiting. A shrub is often exposed to a disease like rust. Infections are quickly transmitted to fruit crops, reduce the number of crops and lead to drying of the branches.
Popular fruit and berry shrubs on the site is raspberry. The root system of raspberries grows heavily and is located near the surface of the earth, so it absorbs a lot of water and trace elements.
Crimson shrubs coexist badly with other trees and shrubs. But not all. Raspberry gets on well with the apple tree. These two cultures protect each other from various diseases. Raspberry is better to plant on the south side of the tree.
Raspberries, which are planted under a fruit crop, need frequent watering. With a lack of moisture, the berries grow small, and the leaves dry.
What trees can be planted next
Apple has powerful roots, so any tree planted next to it competes with moisture and nutrients. Feels good with apple pear and raspberry. But with the creation of favorable conditions, you can plant other trees.
Fruit tree is quite compatible with sweet cherry. But it is worth remembering that the sweet cherry is developing well and forms a high-quality crop only on fertile soils with high aeration and moisture permeability.
If you plant a crop close to an apple tree, the harvest will drop significantly as competition will arise. The optimal distance between the planted trees is 10 meters.
The apple tree has a strong, developed root and a large crown. Cherry is not a very high tree, so this neighborhood affects the amount of harvest. Apple and cherry love the same soil. The land should be fertile, sourly acid.
Planting an apple tree with a cherry next to each other, take into account the optimal distance from each other. The distance from medium-grown apple varieties to cherries should be at least 9 meters. If the apple is large, then the distance increases to 13 meters. In order to harvest a rich harvest of cherries, the lightest and windiest area in the garden is chosen for planting.
Plum refers to stone fruit crops. The average tree height is 8 meters. The root system is spreading over long distances, going deeper by 35 cm.
Favorable compatibility between apple and plum. Only one condition is met: plums should be planted at a distance of 2 meters. Gardeners note high yields of crops that grow in the neighborhood.
What neighborhood does not like the apple tree
There are plants that need to be planted away from the apple tree, otherwise the risk of pests, development of diseases and deterioration of the quality and quantity of the crop increases:
- The neighborhood of an apple tree with such trees and shrubs as hazel, hawthorn, elder, acacia, viburnum, peaches, bird cherry is undesirable. These trees during flowering attract dangerous for apple pests.
- Do not plant around the culture cabbage, carrots, onions, mint, sage. Planted near potatoes badly affects the growth and development of trees.
- Do not plant lilies of the valley around apple trees. Their root system is bad for the roots of the fruit tree.
If you follow all these rules, you can make the most of every piece of land on the plot without loss of yield. Flowers do not take up much space, create comfort and help improve the land.