The ampelous verbena is a flower of the verbena family. In general, this plant is a perennial, but, unable to withstand the cold climate, it dies, so everyone considers it as an annual flower. Despite the fact that the ampelous verbena is bred relatively recently, there are a lot of varieties. At the time of the Celtic tribes, a love drink was made from the verbena root, which helped in heart affairs. In our time, this flower is used as a ground cover, grown in balcony boxes. Thanks to its hanging stalks, the ampelous verbena is grown in hanging pots and flowerpots.
Leaves mostly verbena simple, dense with hairs. The flowers of the ampelous vervain are smaller than those of other varieties, no more than two centimeters., Due to the abundant flowering they form a very lush "cap" and attract butterflies. The color palette in the color of flowers is very diverse.
For growing at home Florists recommend vervain ampelnaya Imagineen. This variety is characterized by rapid growth and beautiful flowers of lavender color.
To decorate the landscape you can use the following varieties:
- Verbena bonariensis-height reaches two meters, the leaves are elongated, amethyst flowers.
- Verbena hastata-very hardy, drought-resistant species, flowers of purple hue.
- Verbena lasiostachys-hairy stem reaches one meter and is decorated with an inflorescence of three to five sheets.
Growing can be started from seed or grafting.
For the first landing of the flower gardeners recommend using seed. You can buy them in specialized stores or collect yourself.
After buds bloom, seeds are harvested and stored in a dry place until spring. Due to the fact that the germ of the ampelous verbena is in great need of light, it is necessary to plant the seeds in March-April, after preheating them.
The surface under the seeds must be loosened and moistened. Then scatter the seeds and cover the entire sown area with plastic or glassthus creating a greenhouse effect. It is not necessary to cover with earth the seed from above. The tank is placed in a warm, well-lit place and watered as needed soil. In no case should a sudden drop in humidity be allowed, otherwise a black leg disease may occur and destroy all seeds. Usually, about a week later, the first shoots appear, after which everything unnecessary should be removed from the soil.
When the plants grow to seven to eight centimeters, it is worth pinching them tops. After two weeks after picking young sprouts of vervain, you should feed them with fertilizers.
Landing in the ground
Amppeln vervain can be grown both on the windowsill and on the open ground. Since it is a heat-loving flower and does not tolerate frostthen it should be planted in the ground in stable, warm weather. Usually this time falls on the end of May and the beginning of June.
Place to grow vervain need to choose the sun or partial shade. When planting, the distance between plants depends on the size of the bushes, about 25-30 centimeters. If the soil turns out to be dry when planting, then pour 1-2 cups of water into each dug hole. In the first days after planting, try to water the bushes moderately, since this plant does not like overmoistened soil.
Recommended for 1 square meter plant about 40 plants, for greater pomp 50 pieces. In a pot of up to five liters, 2–3 plants are planted, and if the capacity is up to 12 liters, then 5–6 seedlings.
Reproduction by cuttings
There are varieties of ampelous verbena, which do not give seeds. Such species are propagated by grafting. This is mainly done in winter. The plant to be grafted is aged in a room with air temperature not higher than +10 ° C. In late February and early March grafting. This is done like this:
- Cut off the top of the shoot with four or six pairs of leaves, leaving about 1 centimeter stem under the lower node. Then remove all the leaves, leaving only the top.
- Process cut with crushed coal.
- Set the stage for rooting. It can be perlite, sand or a mixture of sand with peat.
- Then in the prepared soil make a small dimple match.
- Immerse the cuttings in the recess to their lower node.
- Cover the container with polyethylene or glass for less evaporation.
Moderate watering, not allowing waterlogging or drying of the soil. Periodically open polyethylene / glass for ventilation. After 3-4 weeks, roots will be formed at the cuttings of verbena. In the open ground the plant should be planted in May, when the earth is already heated.
Ampelnaya vervain in the care is not picky. With proper care, this flower will delight you all summer. The main thing is to monitor the soil moisture, loosen it, weed weeds. When the soil is very moist, new shoots will begin to appear in large numbers, which will lead to a decrease in flowering. Also, when overmoistening, powdery mildew may appear on the plant. You can get rid of it with the help of solutions sold in specialized stores.
Throughout the summer the plant should be fertilized complex fertilizers, but do not overdo it. Due to an excessive amount of nitrogen, the flower may stop blooming.
When ampelous vervain grows in pots, it is recommended to add moss or coconut fiber to the soil. These materials will absorb and retain moisture, giving it gradually to the plant.
Verbena blooms at the beginning of June and lasts until the frost. In order to increase the flowering splendor, it is necessary to prune the blossoming inflorescences. And in order for the plant to bloom longer, it is necessary to cut it by 1/3 after the first phase of flowering.
Although Verbena is a favorite delicacy of butterflies and caterpillars, it practically not affected by pests. The only enemy of this plant is aphid or mites. To get rid of the aphids, mites need to be rubbed with a mild soap in water and wipe the leaves of verbena with this solution.
If the flower grows in the open field, to protect it from frost it should be cut to the ground level and covered with brushwood. Thanks to this, next year you will not have to engage in landing again. The root will give shoots, and you can immediately proceed to the care of the plant.
What is this plant?
This is a perennial plant that is grown in a cold climate, as an annual. The stems of the flower reach 60 cm, so planted this type of vervain in hanging pots or high beds. The plant grows quickly, and the flowers cover 0.5 m2 of the flower. Flowers take a small size and have no flavor. The following colors predominate:
Features of the form
The peculiarity of this plant is that it is an excellent feed for butterflies and caterpillars. In addition, the flowers are famous for their healing properties. You can use them for the treatment of boils, scrofula. Also, the plant increases brain activity. Of course, the direct purpose of vervain ampelous decorative. It is installed on the windowsill or planted in a flower bed.
In this section you can see photos of this plant:
Lighting, air, temperature
Ampel verbena is a thermophilic and light-loving plant. Grow it stands on the site where there is sunlight. Otherwise, the culture will begin to grow up, and flowering will be absent. As for the temperature, the ampelous verbena tolerates drought and cold to -3 degrees.
But moisture affects him destructively. Because of this, a number of diseases can develop that can ruin a flower.
It is worth growing on loams. Although it does not matter, as the plant does not impose special requirements to the soil. If the soil is too dense and dry, then ordinary sand will help to make it loose. A delay in the moisture in it will allow the mulch in the form of rotted leaves or sawdust.
To moisturize the soil in which the ampelous verbena grows is moderate, but often. Although the plant tolerates drought well, Do not allow drying of the ground. During the heat it is necessary to increase watering, but to reduce the amount of water used.
If the soil is not fertilized, then before planting verbena it is worth making humus in the amount of 5 kg per 1 m2.
During the growing season is to make mineral and organic fertilizer. You should not get carried away with fertilizers, because when they are abundant, foliage is actively formed, and the number of buds is reduced.
Organics contribute only 1 time at the stage of bud formation. But mineral supplements should be used 3-4 times per season.
Since the plant does not tolerate severe frosts, planting seedlings in open ground is only after the weather is warmand the soil warms up carefully. And although the ampelous vervain is undemanding, it feels great in non-acidic earth with excellent drainage.
Planting should take place at a distance of 20-25 cm. Replant along with an earthy clod, as there is a risk of damage to the roots, which are poorly restored when transplanted to another place.
Diseases and problems
Ampel verbena refers to those plants that do not get sick with proper care. But with excessive soil moisture or too hot weather, powdery mildew can strike the plant. To combat it, Fundazol and Saprol are used. Among the vermin pest ampelous pests affect mites. You can eliminate them with insecticides, which you can buy in a specialty store.
With excessive and frequent irrigation, the culture may be affected:
These diseases lead to the death of the flower. Ampel verbena, despite its unpretentiousness, needs full and thorough care. This is the main condition for long flowering plants. In addition, this will prevent the development of various unpleasant situations, which cannot always be eliminated.
"Tiara Red Impr"
Verbena with bright scarlet flowers, blooms profusely, forming a dense crown of numerous inflorescences. The variety is unpretentious, it requires general rules for the care of hybrid varieties of ampelous vervain.
"Estrella Voodoo Star"
The flowers differ in coloring - a mix of white and bright red tones, large flowers - up to 3 - 4 cm. The flower itself is miniature, the height of the adult stem is 25 - 30 cm. Flowering is generous, long lasting. Tops of shoots are directed upwards. Flowering begins in early summer, continues with proper care until the first autumn frosts.
Verbena Ampel is grown every year as an annual, this variety does not tolerate extreme cold. It tolerates small frosts down to -3 - 4 ° С. Verbena ampelous is very thermophilic, moist, cold climate is poorly tolerated by a flower, it starts to hurt.
The optimum temperature for the growth and development of ampelous vervain is 18 - 22 ° C.
The substrate for this variety should be moderately wet, loose and not contain large doses of mineral salts. The soil should not contain a large amount of nitrogen, which contributes to the growth of shoots - the stems and will inhibit the development of buds. It should regularly moisten the substrate, dryness of the soil provokes the emergence of flower diseases.
Required additional loosening of the substrate to the growth of the bush. Also, to preserve the wet substrate, it is desirable to mulch the soil surface with rotted leaves.
The composition of the soil for ampelous vervain:
- The drainage layer is a mixture of broken brick, expanded clay, crushed stone.
- Garden land - 2 hours
- Sand - 1 hour
Gardeners believe that for ampelous vervain, fertile loam can be taken as the basis of the soil.
The presence of drainage and holes in the pot for the outflow of water prevents the root from excessive wetting and rotting.
Verbena ampelous tree prefers regular but moderate watering. In summer, it is recommended to water in the morning every other day. Young seedlings are watered every day in small doses.
In the autumn watering should be reduced. Water the flower as needed when drying the top layer of soil in pots.
Amphibious vervain is fertilized every 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers.
The variety of ampelous verbena requires more feeding than other types of vervain.
It is required to strictly observe the dosage of dressings., with excessive fertilizer, green mass develops, but the formation of buds is delayed. In early spring, to grow the leaves, you should feed the flower by watering, with the addition of nitrogen fertilizers.
Fertilizers should be used to form flower buds in early May:
Fertilizers for better absorption and even distribution are usually combined with irrigation.
Planting and transplanting
For planting ampelous vervain, you can grow seedlings from seed. For beginning gardeners, seedlings are bought in special stores.
Immediately after planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly for rooting. The flower will absorb the required amount of moisture. Excess water usually flows through drainage holes. Water from pallets should be poured immediately. Water stagnation is contraindicated in seedlings.
People usually do transplants in May, when constant heat is established. Choose a sunny place on the balcony or loggia, they place drawers or hanging pots there.
Vervain ampelnoy planted in open groundespecially in southern climates.
- Pre-dig a plot of land.
- For the fertility of the soil make humus - 3 - 4 kg per 1 square. m and 3-4 st. l any complex mineral fertilizers.
- Dig small holes, 2 - 3 cm larger than the size of an earthy sapling seedling.
- The wells moisten well before planting.
- Vertically establish a sapling, sprinkle with the substrate, slightly tamping it with a spatula.
In the garden or in a flowerbed planted up to 40 - 50 seedlings per 1 square. m. at a distance of 20 cm from each other. All details of planting and subsequent care for vervain can be found in a separate article.
Ampel verbena is well propagated by seeds. The procedure for sowing seeds is long and laborious, conducted in mid-March:
- The drainage layer is laid in small boxes for seedlings.
- Pour a special substrate, preheated, in a small layer.
- The substrate is moistened with a small amount of water with a small watering can.
- Seeds are sown freely, not buried, they should be sprinkled with humus or a substrate.
- From above the box is covered with a transparent dense film or glass.
- Boxes for germination are placed in a warmer place - the air temperature for germination of seeds should be at least 18 ° C.
- It is necessary to air the greenhouse every day 2 - 3 times a day, the collected condensate is removed.
- After 3 to 4 weeks during seed germination, the boxes must be moved to a bright, cool place.
- When there are 2 - 3 leaflets, the seedlings dive into special cups, or immediately planted in pots.
- Fertilizers are used for the growth of seedlings 10 to 14 days after planting in a pot.
For more information on the cultivation of vervain from seeds or cuttings, you can read in another article.
Flower growers note that ampel verbena resistant to pests and diseases.
- The most common pest is aphid, it is dangerous for flowers. To destroy the pest using a spray tincture of tobacco and soap. For room flowers you can use the drug fufaphone: 1 - 2 ml per 1 liter of water.
- If the substrate is damp, sowing may be affected by the black leg - a fungus that destroys seedlings at the very beginning of its growth. The stem of the seedling is covered with black constrictions, rotting and falling off.
For the prevention of the appearance of spider mites, scale insects should be treated with a solution of any insecticide.
In order to grow a beautiful climbing bush of ampelous verbena, one should take into account all the peculiarities of growth of this variety and follow the rules of caring for it.
Cultivation of vervain ampelous from seeds
To grow a plant from seed, you first need to get seedlings. For this, seeds are sown in prepared soil and covered with plastic wrap. Capacity should be put on a bright windowsill with a lot of sunlight.
You can purchase ready seedlings of vervain ampelnaya and put it in a tub with the soil. In this case, the first two weeks the seedlings need to be watered carefully. It is also necessary to moisten it immediately after landing. Do not worry - the plant absorbs as much moisture as it needs for the first time.
If you choose seeds, then you need to take care in advance - in March, the pre-heated seeds are sown in moist soil, not powdered on top. Then seedlings should be placed in a warm place and watered as soon as the soil becomes dry. Approximately in a week shoots will appear, and when the plant grows about 10 cm in height, they dive.
The seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in May. The first 2-3 months it is necessary to feed vervain ampelous fertilizer with nitrogen content.
Verbena ampelousa likes heat and light, so put it in a sunny place. Verbena ampelnaya calmly tolerates both drought and cold to -3 С. Does not tolerate highly waterlogged soil.
When planting ampelous vervain is planted at a distance of 30 cm. The plant is unpretentious, but the soil should not be very moist and not contain a huge amount of mineral salts.
Полученные растения из семян можно сажать в комнатной культуре и в подвесном кашпо. Для уличного выращивания вербены ампельной сначала необходимо посадить растение в контейнер, а потом перенести в открытый грунт. Лучшее время для этого – май, июнь. And do not forget to feed it with mineral fertilizers during the period of growth and flowering.
The plant is characterized by relatively large flowers with purple and blue hues, due to which fluffy bushes are formed, reaching half a meter height and width. This highly ornamental variety is distinguished by rapid vegetative growth, but for the covering foliage to always have a rich color, and the plant will delight you with its abundant flowering, it is important to regularly apply complex mineral fertilizers to the soil. In addition, during the period of active growth of leaves, watering should be enhanced by adding nitrogen mixtures to this process. To achieve the formation of a large number of buds, you can add potassium, phosphorus and manganese to the soil.
This variety is distinguished by creamy soft inflorescences located on shoots 25-50 cm long. A characteristic feature of this particular verbena is the need for watering of medium intensity. If the rule is observed, it will be possible to admire flowering from June to October.
"Lanai Candy Cane"
The variety was bred in 2012 as a representative of the early flowering ampelous series. The plant bushes well and attracts pedestrians with large unusual flowers - a raspberry-red star stands out on a white background. The shoots reach a length of 30-45 cm. A characteristic feature of this particular variety is its good resistance to powdery mildew and a light raspberry scent from flowers blooming in May-October. Due to the long and powerful shoots, this variety almost immediately became a sales hit for growing in pots. Unusual appearance and short stature allow it to fit well into any interior - it does not matter, external or internal.
Growing from seed
Many growers sow the seeds of ampelous vervain even during the winter cold, but if you do this in March, the seedlings will develop better and will soon take root in a new place after transplantation. The whole process of planting plants in this way can be divided into several interrelated stages, followed by further care:
- A drainage layer of any available material is placed in the prepared containers for seedlings, and the warmed-up and slightly moistened substrate is poured from above.
- Seeds are placed on top of the prepared soil mixture and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth or humus.
- From above the seedlings need to be covered with a film, plastic or glass surface, leaving it in this form in a warm room with a temperature of + 18 ... + 22 ° C.
- As soon as the first shoots appear, you can begin to air the plants, always removing the condensate from the lid.
- After 20-30 days, as soon as the seeds germinate completely, the boxes with them are transferred to a cool and sufficiently lit place (in order to increase the light day on cloudy days and in the evening, the seedlings are additionally illuminated with a fitolamp).
There is usually about 40 plants per m², but if you want to achieve the most magnificent effect, then the number of planted plants can be increased to 50. When planting pots and calculating the number of verbena, they are based on the available volume. So, it is better to take no more than 2-3 seedlings for 5 liters, for 7 liters their number can be increased to 4 pieces, and in 12-liter plantings 10-12 plants will fit well. When planting in the open soil between neighboring plants leave 25-30 cm of free space.
As with all plants, the ampelous verbena requires proper care, because only in this case it will be able to please you with abundant flowering. Consider the main components of this process.
Most ampelous varieties of vervain prefer a timely but not abundant watering, which is best done in the morning, at intervals of 1-2 days. With longer breaks, the plant quickly drops flowers, and seeds appear on it. At a young age, verbena needs more frequent watering, but with the arrival of autumn they stop it altogether.
As fertilizers for ampelous vervain, you can use complex mineral compositions with a high content of nitrogen. However, no less successful is the dosed feeding of plants with organic matter - specially prepared infusion of compost and manure. Nevertheless, such fertilizers should not be abused, because, as in other cases, the rapid growth of greenery will negatively affect the formation of buds. For a beautiful and lush flowering of a plant, it is enough to fertilize the earth with organic solutions once a season and shed it three times with mineral mixtures.
Given the relatively long length of the lash of the ampelous verbena, it is not surprising that from time to time they will need pruning, which can be both sanitary and formative. In the first case, all diseased and dried parts, as well as tissues affected by pests and diseases, are removed, which will help to protect neighboring shoots from ailments. In addition, ottsvevshie inflorescences are subject to pruning so that they do not take away nutrients from other parts of the plant.
When the ampelous verbena reaches a height of 7-8 cm, all the seedlings are pinned to the top, due to which intense tillering is formed. True, with regard to stunted varieties, they branch well without performing this procedure.
Diseases and pests
Verbena refers to those plants that, with proper care, almost never get sick. However, excessive watering or a humid and too hot summer can adversely affect this feature, due to which powdery mildew appears on the plant. You can get rid of it with sulfur, "Fundazole" or "Saprole".
In some cases, the verbena of the ampelous can be plagued by aphids and mites, which can be eliminated with the help of any insecticide on the market.
Excessive watering and lack of control of soil moisture sometimes leads to the defeat of ampelous vervaina with blackleg, spotting or various types of rot, which often results in the death of the entire plant. That is why one of the conditions for the successful cultivation of vervain is to observe the rules of care for it. This will help prevent possible troubles, because they are not always easy to eliminate.
Application in landscape design
Ampel Verbena looks equally good both in individual pots and in group plantings in flower beds. A good option for placing it in the open field will be planting in the form of a curb or next to shrubs, at their base (the plant looks especially good paired with camellia or budley). The flower growers who landed an ampel verbena in rabatki or mixborders, since its greatest decorative effect is achieved during mass landings at the site, does not fail with the placement.
On flowerbeds, ampelous varieties are perfectly combined with decorative grasses, asters, lobelia and marigolds. When used in pots, verbena is suitable for decorating gazebos and decorating other street constructions.
Simply put, such an undemanding plant can be successfully used for almost any design projects, and all that is needed is to apply quite a bit of effort to grow it.