Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Bell Portenshlag

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Bluebell Carpathian - amazingly delicate and extraordinary beauty flower. Its unique grace is used by many gardeners and landscape designers to decorate their plot. Due to the unpretentiousness of the plant in the care of planting the Carpathian bell and the whole process of its cultivation is a simple matter and only a pleasure. Despite this, in this article we will share with you some tips that allow even novice gardeners to grow these wonderful flowers without much difficulty.

The choice of location and soil

Since the Carpathian bell, as mentioned above, is a completely unpretentious plant, it can be planted both on a sunny plot and in a small shade. The soil for planting should be fertile and well drained. Also, when planting a Carpathian bell, it is important to take into account the acidity of the soil - neutral or slightly acidic soil is permissible. If you do not use too heavy soil for it or do not prepare drainage, stagnant water will lead to plant rotting.

In the absence of well-loosened fertile soil at the site, especially as regards loamy soil, it is permissible to add peat and some sand to it. Too loose soil can be "weighed down" by adding humus and sod land.

Seedling preparation

The most frequent way of growing the Carpathian bell is from seeds. Very small and light seeds (about a thousand pieces weigh less than 0.25 grams) give a high percentage of germination - more than 4,000 shoots per gram. But despite this, they are quite capricious and require a certain hardening. It is necessary to begin their preparation for sowing in February. Planted seeds during the month germinated at a temperature of at least 20 ° C, taking into account the constant moisture and the presence of scattered sunlight. Also be sure to periodically air the seedlings. From the moment of the appearance of the very first shoots (even those that appeared too early), they should be transplanted.

After the first month of cultivation, the conditions change dramatically - the air temperature should be between -4 ° C and +4 ° C. It is best to germinate seeds under a layer of snow, which will protect them from frost, and at a positive temperature will provide melt water. Such hardening lasts about one and a half months. From the moment of emergence of the seedlings, the boxes with the seedlings are again transferred to a warm room with a temperature of about 15 ° C. In open ground, seedlings are transplanted in late May-early June. This method of tempering is quite troublesome, but very effective.

Alternative seed preparation method

Get the Carpathian bell from the seeds can be another way. Seeds are sown not in the ground, but in the wet sand in a plastic bag. The first stage of their heating is done by analogy with the seedling method. But it is not necessary to take out a bag of seeds to the street, just put it in the refrigerator chamber. After such hardening, planting material is seeded into the prepared soil so that the seeds remain on the surface. Containers with seedlings are sent to a room with a temperature of +10 ° C to +15 ° C. To avoid seed washing, watering is done by spraying or pouring water into the pan.

Sowing in open ground

Growing the bell Carpathian is quite possible when planting directly into the ground, bypassing the seedling stage. Such sowing is carried out either in the fall (in October) or in the spring time (in the middle of May). Seeds are planted in a pre-prepared soil consisting of sand, turf soil and peat. The soil should be well spilled and light. Additionally fertilize organic fertilizer such a soil is not necessary. Seeds are sown directly on the ground, and then lightly sprinkled with sand. When planting in spring, the first shoots can be waited in a couple of weeks; when planting in autumn, one and a half to two weeks after the snow melts. Picks are produced when three full-fledged leaves appear on the sprout. The transplanted material is placed about 10 centimeters apart.

Watering and fertilizer

It is necessary to water the Carpathian bell only in very hot and arid weather, with normal precipitation there is enough natural rainfall. Each watering must be completed with weeding and loosening to provide the plant with fresh air.

Application of dressings is made not more than twice in the whole growing season. The first fertilizer is carried out at the stage before planting the seeds - nitrogen-containing preparations are introduced into the soil. The second dressing is made at the moment of bud formation - the plant needs potassium-based mineral fertilizers.

Pruning and Mulching

In the first year after planting, the Carpathian bell does not need pruning. It is only necessary to remove the faded parts of the plant from the second year of life. This is done not only to improve the appearance of the bush, but also to avoid spontaneous self-sowing. Indeed, in this case, next to the main colors there will be new ones that violate the overall appearance. Fruits-boxes are harvested before they are fully ripe (darkening and drying). Also such pruning prolongs the flowering period. And, having cut flower stalks at the very base at the very end of flowering, you can achieve its repetition.

The Carpathian bell does not tolerate excess moisture in the soil, but during hot and dry summers it is necessary to save it. To do this, mulch the soil around the bush. In addition, it will save flowers from the development of weed plants. Mulching can not be carried out in the case of planting on a rocky hill.

Diseases and pests

One of the advantages of the Carpathian bell is its resistance to various diseases and pests. However, several years after cultivation in the same place in the soil accumulate various chemical compounds that have a detrimental effect on the plant. For the purposes of prophylaxis, it is possible to process the flowers with a weak solution of "Fundazole". When a slobbery pennica appears, garlic infusion is used. With the defeat of rust, the plant is treated with preparations containing copper.

Sometimes the green parts of the plant are exposed to slugs or snails. Escape from them will help drugs "Thunder" or "Meta."

Reproduction in other ways

Along with the cultivation of the bell from the seeds, there are two more ways of its reproduction. It is about cutting and dividing the bush.

The cuttings are harvested at a temperature of about + 10 ° C, that is, in springtime. The length of the cuttings must be at least three centimeters, each cutting must have 2 buds. Planting material is planted in a mixture of earth, sand and humus. Rooting occurs in 3-4 weeks.

For dividing a bush is chosen, which age is not less than three years. The division procedure is carried out either at the very beginning of the vegetative period (in May), or after it ends - in August. At the bush shoots are cut, the root system is divided into several parts, which are transplanted into prepared pits. It is easier to divide the bush into 2-3 large parts, since the smaller bushes will have to be grown in separate boxes.

Bell in landscape design

As shown in the photo, the Carpathian bell is an attractive shrub-type plant that grows 30 centimeters in height and has a spherical shape. Small heart-shaped leaves collected in the outlet and slightly increase closer to the roots. During the flowering period, the plant is covered with a large number of single flowers of blue or purple color, which have the shape of a funnel. A good combination is obtained from the Carpathian bell with daisies and lobelia.

Very often you can find him in the compositions with periwinkle, saxifrage and molodilom - this combination is suitable for creating an alpine slide. For rock arias, the Carpathian bell is planted against a background of carnations or awl-shaped phlox. Especially popular lately, flowerpots with flowers, randomly located throughout the garden area. Delicate Carpathian bell is ideal for such design.

What's in your name

The hard-to-see epithet of the plant keeps the memory of an Austrian botanist named Franz Edler von Portenschlag-Ledermeyer (Franz Edler von Portenschlag-Ledermayer, 13/02/1772 - 07/11/1822), who devoted most of his life to studying the flora of Austria. An herbarium was created with his hands, numbering more than ten thousand samples of plants, among which was this type of Bellflower, but then the plant had a different name - “Campanula muralis”. Today this name can be found in the literature, as the name is synonymous with the Bellflower Portenshlag. There are other names, synonyms.

Portenshlag's bell can be a grassy annual plant or an evergreen perennial whose leaves hibernate well under snow. This small plant, reaching a height of, as a rule, no more than twenty centimeters, quickly forms an evergreen curtain of small rounded leaves on the surface of the earth. In favorable conditions, in two to five years, the height of the perennial species can reach up to fifty centimeters.

The yellowish-green stalks of the Bellflower Portenshlag spread over the surface of the earth, or slightly rise above it. Stems are usually bare, but may have a rare pubescence of white hairs.

Rounded small leaves with a heart-shaped base and a beautiful jagged edge are often bare, or they have weak pubescence located along the veins of the leaf plate. On a stalk leaves settle down in the next order. Long leaf leaves form a spectacular rosette rosette.

The flowers, having the traditional bell shape, all summer period rise above the green curtain, settling on pedicels of different height, from short to medium. Flower petals can be of different colors, but more often they are blue-violet shades. Light pubescence can be observed on stalks, sepals, and also on flower petals. The flowers are hermaphrodites, hiding in the throat of bells of five stamens and lilac pistil with a yellow stigma.

The fruit of the Bellflower Portenshlag is a dry box with numerous pale brown seeds.

Using

Portenshlag's bell is suitable both for open ground and for cultivation in various flower tanks.

Compact, low plants ideal for stony gardens and alpine slides. It can be used as a ground cover plant, or arrange live flower borders in flowerbeds or along garden paths.

Growing conditions

The plant prefers to grow in a well-lit place, but tolerates partial shade.

In the wild, it grows on calcareous, sandy or loamy soils. In culture, it grows best on fertile, loose and moist soil with good drainage, which does not allow water to stagnate. The acidity of the soil must be alkaline or neutral.

The bell Portenshlag is propagated by sowing seeds in the open ground before winter, or in early spring. Perhaps vegetative propagation using cuttings.

Pruning is not required. To extend the flowering period, wilted flowers should be removed, and to maintain the decorative appearance of the perennial green curtain remove damaged or old leaves that have lost their charm.

Portenshlag's bell can be damaged by snails and slugs, and with an excess of moisture or stagnant water can be exposed to fungal diseases.

Bell portenshlaga, plant description

All types of bells can be divided into groups, depending on the height of the shoots:

  • undersized
  • medium tall
  • tall

The bell of Portenshlag is one of the smallest members of the genus. A perennial plant, grows in the form of small bushes, from 5 to 10 cm in height, but not more than 15 cm. The bushes grow to a width of 30 - 35 cm wide. The shoots are bare, or with slight pubescence, creeping, sometimes somewhat raised. Form cushion bushes.

The leaves are rounded. The edges of the sheet plates are notched, the underside is lighter than the top. There are plants in which the leaves have a pubescence. The flowers at the time of full disclosure become similar to asterisks, since the rim consists of five, almost separated petals. The color of the flowers is purple. There are plants with reddish flowers. Size up to 3 cm. Flowers are collected in loose inflorescences of 3 - 5 pieces at the ends of the shoots. Fruit box with very small seeds.

In the wild form is found on the territory of the Balkan countries:

Prefers to grow on rocky slopes. For this area, Portenshlag’s bell is endemic, although it successfully naturalized not only in England, France, but was brought to New Zealand, where it also successfully settled down. In culture, the plant from the first half of the nineteenth century.

Discovered during a trip to Europe and assembled by Austrian botanist Franz E. von Portenschlag-Ledermeier. For some time it was kept in its herbarium, after which in 1819 it was described by another Austrian botanist J.A. Schultes. From him, and got the name associated with the name Portenshlag. The plant has gained popularity as an unpretentious groundcover.

The choice of location and use of the bell Portenshlag

Given the fact that in the wild, the plant develops the slopes of the rocks with poor soil, even in the garden the plant is not very demanding on its composition. The only soil on which it does not grow is wet, heavy clay soils. It is preferable to choose areas with light, preferably sandy, sandy or sandy loamy lands with a reaction close to weakly acidic, slightly alkaline or neutral. The place should be dry enough.

By the illumination of the place bell portenshlagan very demanding. For him as a well-lit sunny place, and partial shade. Winter hardiness is high, however, in damp places and at close ground water level it can die in winter. In the garden, the plant is great for alpine slides. In them, it creates bright, accentuating spots.

In addition, given the good sprawl, can become the basis for gardening vertical slopes, curbs. Due to the abundant and bright flowering, they look good in various combinations with the following plants:

  • Carnation Gray
  • sunflower
  • sprat felt
  • clove feathery
  • thyme creeping

How to plant a bell portenshlaga in the garden, care for him

Propagated bell portenshlega division of bushes, seeds. In autumn or spring, you can sow the seeds directly into the ground. Since they are very small, they can be mixed with sawdust or sand. When reproduction seeds flowering occurs in the second year. In amateur floriculture, it is optimal to propagate a bell in the spring period by dividing an adult bush, aged from three to five years.

Before planting, they dig up the plot to a depth of 30 cm. Choose weed roots and other plant litter. Sand and peat should be added to heavy soils. It is important to remember that fresh peat cannot be used for planting bells. In prepared soil, make holes at a distance of not less than 15 - 20 cm. In May, after the soil is completely thawed, dig up the mother bush and divide it into 3 - 4 plants. After planting delenok in the wells, they are well watered, the place is watered mulch.

Every spring, a mixture of rotted manure mixed with wood ash is added to the bushes of the bell of a portenshlag. 0.4 kg per square meter is enough. If the bud formation is weak, the plant is fed with a complex mixture of mineral fertilizers per 15 g of the mixture per square meter. m

It is possible to prolong the flowering period by cutting the flower stalks after flowering. Leave only those from which the seeds will be collected.

They are cut as soon as the seed boll becomes brown, without waiting for it to open and seed rash. In September, the bushes are pruned at the root. Bells are rarely ill. As a rule, the threat of fungal diseases occurs when many years of cultivation in one place. In this case, spring and autumn planting need to be treated with a solution of fundozol. The long and abundant flowering of the bell of the portenshlaga, with its unpretentiousness, is gaining more and more sympathy from gardeners.

Video about the medicinal properties of the bell portenshlaga:

Features campanula portenschlagiana Feature and Description

For those who love the classification of plants, it will be interesting to learn about the location of the bell, which was named after the great botanist Portenshlag, in the general family of flowers. Belong to the category of flowering, this bell is in the class of dicotyledons, but it is only conditional. The order of growth is astrocolors, the genus is bells from the family of bells. And in the end the look of the plant.

There are several names of this type:

  1. Bell portenshlaga.
  2. Dalmatian bell.
  3. Научное название — campanula portenschlagiana
  4. Campanula muralis.
  5. Capanula affins
  6. Capanula portenschlagiana grandiflora.

Существуют и другие синонимичные названия такого растения, но они почти не используются в жизни.

Так, одно из наименований данной культуры – колокольчик далматинский, как раз, и показывает на ареал естественного произрастания этого растения, то есть, север Балкан, по большей части – это территория современной Хорватии. There it grows on stony territory and even sometimes on rocks. Naturalized plant in Europe (UK, as well as France), New Zealand.

In the herbarium of the famous botanist Portenshlag from Austria, there was a representative of this variety of bell, which was given this name in honor of its owner. But culture itself was first described by the Austrian botanist Schulz, in December 1819.

This perennial culture looks like a shrub with a height of 15-20 centimeters, which forms a funnel-shaped inflorescences. It is this form of the flower that gave the name to the entire family of bells.

The buds of bells can have different colors, from white to purple, and in some cases to two-color lavender. And although, of course, the classic culture of the bell is blue colors. Dalmatic variety differs from the rest in an attractive purple color, which can be perfectly combined with other flowers of delicate colors, for which he was loved by most flower growers.

The period of flowering in this culture does not have strict terms, but the most attractive flowering in June. At this time, the total diameter of the inflorescences can reach up to 2.5 centimeters. The number of flowers in the inflorescence, which is located at the end of the shoots, varies from 3 to 5. The flowering process of the flower can continue until September. With all this, the flowers do not bloom all at the same time, but bloom one after another until an unusual floral series is formed on the culture.

The plant almost always has a green color, even with the onset of low temperatures, it does not lose its color. Only with the arrival of early spring leaves begin to give way to new green shoots. The leaves of the plant are toothed, have a pronounced core, as well as round in shape. At the bottom of the leaves are pale. The plant is appreciated by the surrounding flower growers because of its decoration, as well as for flowers. In shaded areas, plants grow with brighter buds.

Bell Portenshlag able to quickly and easily adapt to different growing conditions, therefore, is considered unpretentious. It can grow well in tight and confined spaces. It is considered particularly undemanding in the process of care.

Breeding and landing process

The main methods of plant reproduction.

  1. Seeds.
  2. Vegetative (division of plant shrubs).

If the florist needs seedlings, the seeds should be planted in the middle or end of March. In the ground seeds should be planted with a seedless method in late spring, when winter is about to come.

Features of care and cultivation

Dalmatian campanula species, like most other varieties of this family, unpretentious to care and place of growth. They mostly prefer bright and diffused light, as well as abundant and regular watering during the summer season. In winter, watering the plant should be reduced to a moderate level.

The gap between several plant varieties must be at least 10 centimeters. It is imperative to follow this parameter, as the bells imply the ability to produce an abundant process of self-seeding. Other species of bluebells can spread like weeds.

In order to maintain the desired rate of moisture in the soil, planted flowers should be covered with a special film. In winter, it is not necessary to cover and protect it from the cold at all, as the flower contains special properties to withstand low temperatures. When growing this plant is recommended to make liming and creating good drainage for the plant.

After the flowering process, the remnants of the inflorescences should be regularly cut, as this will contribute to improving the overall appearance of the flower and extend the time of its next flowering. If this is not done, then in the process of soot formation, the overall decorative appearance of the flower may deteriorate.

Campanula species

  1. Campanula ravnolistnaya - this is one of the most popular and common varieties that are grown at home. This plant grows in the Mediterranean. Under natural conditions of growth prefers to settle on the slopes of the mountains. Basically, the flowering process occurs in conjunction with the formation of five-petal buds at the end of the summer season.
  2. Campanula terry mix is ​​another decorative flowering flower that a large number of gardeners prefer to grow in the house. This crop has double flowers, which are preferred by a large number of flower growers. This flower with double bells of white, blue, and blue, in which there is a white core.
  3. Portenshlag's bell is a perennial culture with heart-shaped sheets as well as a jagged type of edges. Campanula Portenshlag able to grow well in the house and bloom purple-blue inflorescences that most resemble the shape of bells. The plant is described by a long period of flowering from May to September. Portenshlaga bell grows well with home maintenance and is able to bloom even in winter if it is placed on a window located on the south side. This method of cultivation is most effective for other varieties of this plant.

Comprehensive care for the plant at home includes.

Choosing the right light level

This plant needs a scattered type of bright light. In the summer period, the campanula should be exposed to the territory of the window sill, facing either the east side or the west side, and in winter, the south window. It is necessary to take into account the fact that the shoots start to lengthen from the insufficient level of illumination of the culture, it begins to bloom poorly and loses all its decorative features.

Getting to know the flower

For lovers of strict plant classification, information on the location of the bell, named after the botanist Portenshlag, in the general hierarchy of colors will be interesting. So: Domain - eukaryotes, kingdom - plants. Referring to the flowering department, this bell fell into the class of dicotyledons, albeit conditionally. Further: the order - astrocolors, the genus - a bell of the bell family. And finally, the view.

There are several names of this species:

  • bell portenshlaga
  • campanula portenshlagia (scientific name),
  • Dalmatian bell,
  • campanula muralis,
  • campanula affins,
  • campanula portenschlaqiana grandiflora.

There are other synonyms, but they are practically not used.

Actually, one of the names of this plant-bell Dalmatian, just, and indicates the area of ​​natural distribution of this species, that is, the north of the Balkans, for the most part, the territory of modern Croatia. There it grows on rocky areas and even on rocks. Naturalized in Europe (UK and France), New Zealand.

In the herbarium of the famous Austrian botanist Portenshlag, a representative of this species of bluebells was kept, and was given the name of the owner of the collection. But the species itself was first described by another Austrian botanist, Schulz, in December 1819.

These perennials are bushes up to 15–20 cm tall, having funnel-shaped flowers. It is the shape of these flowers that gave the name to the whole family of bells.

The flowers of bluebells can have different shades, from white to purple and even two-colored lavender. Although, of course, the classics of the genre are numerous tones of blue. Dalmatian bell is distinguished by beautiful purple flowers, well combining the brightness of color with a delicate hue. For which valued florist.

This simple, but charming beauty blooms in June, flower diameters can reach a size of 2.5 cm. The number of flowers in the inflorescence at the end of the shoot is 3-5 pcs.. Flowering can last until September. And the flowers do not bloom all at once, but bloom one by one, until a peculiar floral outfit is formed on the plant.

The plant is almost evergreen, even in cold weather does not lose its clothing. Only with the onset of spring old leaves give way to young green shoots. The leaves are toothed, heart-shaped or rounded. Bottom pale leaves. The plant is valued as an ornamental, for its flowers. In shaded places grow specimens with a more saturated color.

Reproduction, landing

  • seeds
  • vegetative (by dividing the bush).

If seedlings are required, the seeds are planted in mid-late March, the seeds are planted in the non-seedling mode before winter.

Dalmatian bells, like other members of this family, are unpretentious in their care. They like diffused, but bright light, summer abundant watering. In winter, watering should be moderate.

The gap between the plants should be 10 cm. It is necessary to monitor this parameter constantly, because the bells have the ability of abundant self seeding. Other varieties can spread like weeds.

To preserve the necessary moisture, it is recommended to cover the planted flowers with a film. But, in winter, these plants do not need shelterbecause they have good resistance to low temperatures. When growing this flower, it is recommended to conduct liming and create an effective drainage system.

After flowering, the remnants of the inflorescence should be cut, this will improve the appearance of the flowers and extend the period of the next flowering. If this is not done, the decorative appearance of the plant may deteriorate as a result of seed production.

Conclusion

There are flowers that are icons of solemn or high style. Other flowers are a showcase of wealth and well-being. There are flowers that symbolize purity and integrity. Bells, of course, are companions of tenderness and romance. These blue flowers are found not only in the fields, but also among the stone placers of harsh mountain landscapes, attracting the attention of tourists, connoisseurs of the beautiful, landscape designers, gardeners. Both amateurs and professionals.

The flower may be inferior in decoration to roses and orchids, but he found numerous admirers, firmly occupying his niche in gardens, indoor pots and vases.

Campanula bellflower, campanula planting and growing, campanula portenchlagiana

Among more than three hundred varieties of bells, the most common and well-known is considered to be such as capanula portenshlagia also known as the bell portenshlag. This is a variety of perennial culture that is spread throughout the planet.

For those who love the classification of plants, it will be interesting to learn about the location of the bell, which was named after the great botanist Portenshlag, in the general family of flowers.

Belong to the category of flowering, this bell is in the class of dicotyledons, but it is only conditional. The order of growth is astrocolors, the genus is bells from the family of bells.

And in the end the look of the plant.

There are several names of this type:

  1. Bell portenshlaga.
  2. Dalmatian bell.
  3. Scientific name - campanula portenschlagiana
  4. Campanula muralis.
  5. Capanula affins
  6. Capanula portenschlagiana grandiflora.

There are other synonymous names for such a plant, but they are almost never used in life.

So, one of the names of this culture - the Dalmatian bell, just shows the natural growth of this plant, that is, the north of the Balkans, for the most part - this is the territory of modern Croatia. There it grows on stony territory and even sometimes on rocks. Naturalized plant in Europe (UK, as well as France), New Zealand.

In the herbarium of the famous botanist Portenshlag from Austria, there was a representative of this variety of bell, which was given this name in honor of its owner. But culture itself was first described by the Austrian botanist Schulz, in December 1819.

This perennial culture looks like a shrub with a height of 15-20 centimeters, which forms a funnel-shaped inflorescences. It is this form of the flower that gave the name to the entire family of bells.

The buds of bells can have different colors, from white to purple, and in some cases to two-color lavender.

And although, of course, the classic culture of the bell is blue colors.

Dalmatic variety differs from the rest in an attractive purple color, which can be perfectly combined with other flowers of delicate colors, for which he was loved by most flower growers.

The period of flowering in this culture does not have strict terms, but the most attractive flowering in June. At this time, the total diameter of the inflorescences can reach up to 2.5 centimeters.

The number of flowers in the inflorescence, which is located at the end of the shoots, varies from 3 to 5. The flowering process of the flower can continue until September.

With all this, the flowers do not bloom all at the same time, but bloom one after another until an unusual floral series is formed on the culture.

The plant almost always has a green color, even with the onset of low temperatures, it does not lose its color. Only with the arrival of early spring leaves begin to give way to new green shoots.

The leaves of the plant are toothed, have a pronounced core, as well as round in shape. At the bottom of the leaves are pale. The plant is appreciated by the surrounding flower growers because of its decoration, as well as for flowers.

In shaded areas, plants grow with brighter buds.

Bell Portenshlag able to quickly and easily adapt to different growing conditions, therefore, is considered unpretentious. It can grow well in tight and confined spaces. It is considered particularly undemanding in the process of care.

Plant temperature

Campanula can not tolerate heat. In summer, the temperature of 20–22 degrees will be optimal for it, and in winter - 11–13 degrees Celsius. In the daytime, the culture should be eliminated from direct sunlight..

This plant is not particularly demanding on the humidity around it. In spring and summer, the campanula should experience regular watering. At this time, she has a process of rapid growth. The land near the culture should be constantly wet. With the onset of autumn time, the amount of watering should be reduced; in the winter, watering the plant should be less than once every ten days.

Ground mix features

In the conditions of natural growth the bell should be grown on rocky soil. This culture does not impose special requirements for the soil mixture. The planting process should take place in loose and light soil.

This will help to create high-quality air exchange, which is considered very important for the rhizomes of the plant.

You can also create a special soil mixture on your own, using leaf, sod, and humus soil with the addition of sand in an equal ratio.

The process of planting culture in the ground

At home, planting culture, as well as its transplant is carried out in early spring. Since this plant has a short period of life, it should be transplanted very rarely, and more often it is necessary to use young cuttings for growing as many new crops as possible.

Fertilize and feed the plant is a special fertilizer for decorative - flowering crops throughout the growing season and flowering with a special frequency once every three weeks.

With the onset of lower temperatures, the campanula begins to stop the process of its growth and development, along with this there is a decrease in the need for water from the plant.

On a crop, it is worth cutting off too long shoots and moving it to a cooler place.

The flower needs to be provided with an optimum constant temperature of 13–15 degrees Celsius, as well as periodically watering - no more than once a month.

With the arrival of spring, the bell should be pruned, while removing dry branches and leaves, as well as increasing the number and profusion of watering the flower.

Growing a plant by seed, as well as grafting

Cultivation of the campanula is possible in several ways at once - by means of grafting, and also seeds. This procedure should be carried out in the spring.

Small seeds of a plant should be sown on the surface of the nutrient soil and eventually spray them using a spray bottle. At the onset of 7–14 days, seedlings should already germinate. After they are able to fully grow stronger and release a couple of their first leaves, they should be seated separately in new pots.

The way of growing kampsula by grafting is much easier and more efficient. For a successful breeding process, it is worth using those cuttings that were cut from the lower part of the trunk. Planting plant shoots for effective rooting should occur in a special soil mixture of sand and peat. Such a composition can provide the plant with a fast rooting process.

Planted shoots should be regularly sprayed. При этом стоит помнить, что в этом деле очень важно не перебарщивать, так как большое количество влаги может послужить образованию гнили на корневой системе растения.

В большинстве случаев такое комнатное растение поражается из-за паутинных клещей либо щитовок. Причиной этому может быть неправильное выращивание и уход за культурой.

Поражённое растение стоит обрабатывать при помощи инсектицидного раствора.

It must be remembered that a large indicator of humidity in the air and soil can contribute to the development of gray rot, which is considered very dangerous for the plant and its further growth.

Care of culture in the conditions of house cultivation does not demand special expenses and efforts. This is a rather delicate and decorative flower that is able to qualitatively decorate any room.

There are plants that are true icons of style and perfection. There are flowers that are considered symbols of wealth and well-being.

Bells, of course, are true companions of tenderness and romance.

Such blue plants can be found in the fields, as well as among the stony placers of mountain landscapes, which so strongly attract the attention of tourists and various growers, both amateurs and true professionals.

Flower bell: a characteristic of species and agricultural practices

Bellflower is a very beautiful and useful culture that can help fight against many diseases. Bellflower or Campanula garden is a very beautiful and useful culture that can help fight against many diseases, including epilepsy in children.

More than one hundred species of this representative of flora are considered cultivated, and today the modest flower rightfully occupies a worthy place not only in the flowerbeds of the dacha plots, but is also popular as a houseplant.

The article is devoted to the recommendations on the breeding and cultivation of various varieties of flowers of bluebells from seeds and contains information about its most famous varieties.

Campanula is a rather unpretentious dicotyledonous plant.that does not require special care and is able to adapt to the environment. However, the attractive appearance of the inflorescences and the long duration of flowering are possible only taking into account certain features of certain types of bluebell and creating the most comfortable conditions for the culture.

The overwhelming part of the cultivated species of the Campanula likes well-lit, open areas, although in the penumbra it also feels pretty good and may even bloom longer than in the sun.

When choosing a site for planting, it is necessary to take into account that the bell does not tolerate stagnant moisture, because the proximity of groundwater can lead to freezing in winter. Thus, the lowlands with clay soil just do not fit.

Hand bell peach

The characteristic features of the structure of this species of campanula are short, woody rhizome, straight stem without leaves, inflorescence with broadly colored flowers, as a rule, of sky-blue color. Inside it is also subdivided into creeping, creeping, long and lightly lettered. This species blooms from summer to frost.

Bell peach (CAMPANULA RESICIOLIA)

Campanula Porthenschlag (C. portenschlagiana)

Compact cushion plant (height - up to 15 cm), forming dense thickets. It grows very quickly with its roots. The flowers are purple-blue or reddish-purple, and the heart-shaped leaves are rounded, with notches. The flowering period is in June-August.

Campanula Porthenschlag (C. portenschlagiana)

Campanula ravnolistnaya (Campanula isophylla)

This elegant variety, bred in Northern Italy, is distinguished by long (22-25 cm) creeping or falling stems, which are densely covered with greenery. From June to September is decorated with delicate violet-blue or white flowers. Campanula leaflets have an unbounded leaf shape and a jagged edge, the central vein is pronounced.

Campanula ravnolistnaya (Campanula isophylla)

Terry Campanulas (C. cochlearifolia)

The name of the species speaks for itself: it is a low shrub with thin, flexible stems and dense foliage, covered with double flowers of various shades ranging from white to purple in the period of flowering. Terry bells were bred as a result of crossbreeding of the spoon scapula and the Carpathian Campanul and are a variety of Campanula ravololistnoy.

Terry Campanulas (C. cochlearifolia)

Bluebell (S. lactiflora)

The stems of this type of campanula are straight, branched, with a large number of leaves, the plant itself is quite high - 50-150 cm. The root system is pivotal. Pleasantly smelling inflorescences - a milky-white shade, are collected in large brushes, and each flower reaches 4 cm in diameter.

Bluebell (S. lactiflora)

Broadlea bell

This tall, more than a meter high perennial, is distinguished not only by its size, but also by a powerful root system of a branched type. The leaves are large, serrate. This species blooms with a raceme-shaped lilac, blue or snow-white bells of a large size. Inflorescences are perfectly combined with thick green ovoid leaves. It tolerates a lack of moisture and attack of pests.

Bell broadleaf (Campanula latifolia)

Dotted bell

Another name for the variety is Pantaluns. Distinctive features of the variety: straight, pubescent stem up to 70 cm, oval leaves, large inflorescences with drooping flowers (from 1 to 5) of various shades of white and blue. The dotted bell root is thin and fibrous. The main advantage of this variety is a long flowering period: from the beginning of summer to the onset of the first frost.

Bell Carpathian (S. carpatica)

Cute bush plant from the Alpine mountain belt up to 30 cm in height and width. The leaves at the root are attached to long petioles, and the stem - to short.

White, blue or purple flowers of this species, single, shaped like a funnel, reach a diameter of 5 cm. Flowering period: June-August (up to seventy days), sometimes until the end of September.

A number of garden varieties of the Carpathian campanula has been developed.

Bell Carpathian (S. carpatica)

Other species and varieties of garden campanula

In addition to the above, there is still a huge variety of bells. Here are some of them:

  • Bluebell (C. glomerata). Another name for the variety is Freya. Herbaceous perennial with a woody rhizome and a set of erect, pubescent grayish-green stems. The height reaches an average of 25-50 cm. Tightly grouped small purple flowers (15-20 pieces) form a very beautiful inflorescence. Freya blooms from late June for about a month.
  • Long bell bell (C. longistyla fomin). Caucasian perennial, growing to 75 cm in height. Stems erect and branchy, with abundant foliage. Basal leaves have the shape of a pointed egg. The inflorescence in the form of a brush or panicle is formed by several blue-purple bright flowers. Flowering takes place in July and August.

Closed bell (C. glomerata)

  • Hand bell Sarmatian (C. sarmatica) - a native of the Caucasus Mountains, it is well acclimatized on alpine hills. Plant height - up to 40 cm., Oblong leaves are pubescent, which is why they appear gray-green. Lilac flowers are distributed almost the entire length of the shoot. It blooms from June to August.
  • Saxifrage (C. saxifraga). Differs in large purple beaters with a white spot in the center, planted on low peduncles (10-15 centimeters). Early flowering: May-June.

Saxifrage (C. saxifraga)

  • The nettle-bell (C. trachelium). The height can be different: from 30 cm to 1 m. The leaves look like nettles, they are heavily pubescent with stiff hairs. The flowers are large, the rim is either almost white or blue-violet. Blossoms from June, and then fruits until October. In gardening, the Bernice variety is popular (with terry purple-blue flowers).
  • The bell is pyramidal (S. pyramidalis), or "Venerin Belt" - one of the most spectacular herbaceous plants. Tall, up to 1.5 m, with a thick, fleshy stem, by the middle of summer the giant begins to bloom: the large rims, reaching 4.5 cm in diameter, exude a pleasant aroma.

Bluebell (C. trachelium)

  • Bell of Poskharsky (C. poscharskyana). Low-growing plant (15-20 cm) with long purple flowers, blooming in June and July. Growing fast. Famous variety - "Stella" (dark blue flowers).
  • Piercing Bell (C. thyrsoides L.) - a mountain variety native to the Alps, reaching a height of 20-50 centimeters. the peculiarity is not similar to other types of bluebells flowers: it is a dense spike of a cylindrical shape, the color of which can vary from bright yellow to pale yellowish. This variety is often used for bouquets.

Thirsoid bell (C. thyrsoides L.

  • Chilean bell (Lapageria) can hardly be called a bell. The fact is that Lapagia refers to the family of Filesian, not bell-shaped ones. However, the pink flowers in shape really resemble a bell: hence the name and popularity among gardeners as an ornamental plant.
  • Campanula Sarastro (C. hybrid Sarastro) is a hybrid variety with a straight, pubescent stem about half a meter in height. Bright purple flowers drooping and resemble the shape of glasses.

Garden bell: growing from seeds, timing and planting technology

One of the effective ways of breeding bells - seeds. A good option would be to first spread the seedlings at home, and then land it in open ground. Annual types of bell can be bred only in this way, the rest - variably.

Landing should be carried out in March. Seeds should be sown on a small layer of snow previously placed on top of the soil. Then the seedlings are sent to the refrigerator for a couple of weeks in plastic bags, and after the deadline are brought to light.

Ascending bells need to dive in separate tanks when each sprout already has two or three full leaves, and the ideal time for disembarking in open ground is late May and early June (or any time when the threat of frost has passed).

One of the effective ways of breeding bells - seeds

For the most successful planting of plants it is necessary to follow several rules:

  • Land should be fertilized, loosened and drained. The exception to this rule applies only to species of rocky origin: such plants will take root well on poor soil that has been previously calcified.
  • Either neutral or weakly acidic soil is preferred.
  • In the absence of a suitable site with fertile, mineral-rich soil, the following actions are recommended: sand should be added to the loam, as well as peat and some fertilizers (for example, superphosphate). Sandy soil needs humus, rotted compost and turf.
  • Fresh manure and peat can trigger the development of fungal diseases, so this kind of fertilizer should be used just weathered.
  • Almost immediately after planting sprouts in open ground, it is recommended to treat the plants with products containing copper and metaldehyde. This will help to avoid diseases, attacks of slugs and the appearance of "rust" on the leaves.

It is easy to pick up neighbors for bells

Features care for bells in the open field

Feeding the bells is not a prerequisite for guaranteeing a rapid increase in plantings. If the soil is fertile enough, you can do without it.

In the opposite case, the campaign should be fed with fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium (for example, azofoska): there are 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per ten liters.

However, it must be remembered that large doses can trigger the death of plants after 3-4 years, despite the lush and prolonged flowering immediately after feeding. Sometimes it will not be superfluous to sprinkle ashes under the plant roots.

Watering the bells is needed only during the budding period, the rest of the time you can rely on their drought resistance. Soil looseness should also be monitored and weeds should not grow near the campanula.

As for the inflorescences, their beauty can be maintained by removing the already flowering peduncles. If it is necessary to control the growth of the crop, then when the “boxes” —fruits — are ripe, they should be cut off before the pores open and the seeds are in the soil.

Watering the bells is needed only during the budding period, the rest of the time you can rely on their drought tolerance

Garden bells: choose plants for joint planting

It is easy to pick up neighbors for bells: the main thing is to take into account similar conditions in which the plants will feel most comfortable. Since the bells love a neutral soil without an excess of moisture and the sun (sometimes penumbra), then partner cultures should be chosen appropriate.

For example, the Carpathian Kampanula ideally combines with Dalmatian geraniums and sunflowers. Good neighbors for the bell Portenshlag be cloves, fescue. The partners for the crowded bell are the Alpine aster, the enoter, and the yaskolka, however one has to keep an eye on the growth of this species, since the campanula may have drowned the closest plantings.

Medicinal properties of the bell (video)

Growing bellflower flowers from seeds is an excellent solution for both the garden and the apartment, as this plant does not need special care and climatic conditions, and yet you should remember a few simple rules that will help the campaign grow faster and please the eye with flowering longer.

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Growing a tender campanula and caring for her in the house and garden

Campanula is a tender flower plant of the Bellflower family. In its natural environment, this flower grows in the south of Europe. To date, there are over 250 varieties of the campanula. This plant is used to decorate parks and front gardens. If Kampanula appeared in your house, care for it is simple, but it requires knowledge of some nuances.

Soil composition

In the wild, the bell grows on rocky soil. There are no special requirements for the soil of this plant. It is planted in loose and light soil. This provides good air exchange, which is very important for the root system. You can prepare a soil mixture of sheet, turf, peat and humus soil with the addition of sand in equal parts.

Planting a plant

At home, planting, as well as its transplant, is carried out in early spring. Since this flower has a short life cycle, it is rarely transplanted, and more often young cuttings are used for growing new specimens.

Fertilize the bell need fertilizing for ornamental flowering plants throughout the growing season and flowering at intervals of once every three weeks.

With the onset of cold weather Kampanula suspends its growth, along with this decreases its need for irrigation. On the plant cut off the long shoots and transferred to a cool place. The flower is kept at a temperature of 13-15 degrees and periodically watered - no more than once a month.

With the arrival of spring, the bell is pruned, removing the dried branches and leaves, and increase watering.

Seed growing and grafting

Growing kampanuly possible in two ways - with the help of seeds and cuttings. This procedure is carried out in the spring.

The small seeds of campanula are sown superficially on nutrient soil and periodically sprayed with a spray bottle. After 1-2 weeks, seedlings should germinate. After they get stronger and release several leaves, they are seated separately in pots.

The method of growing campanula using cuttings is much simpler and more efficient. For successful reproduction, cuttings are used from the lower part of the trunk. Planting shoots for rooting is made in the soil mixture of peat and sand. Such a composition will ensure their rapid rooting.

Planted shoots need frequent spraying. The main thing is not to overdo it, because an excess of moisture can cause them to rot.

Most often, this indoor flower is affected by scutes and spider mites. The reason for this is improper care. Affected specimens are treated with an insecticidal solution. It is worth remembering that the increased humidity of air and soil can cause the appearance of gray rot, which is very dangerous for the plant.

Care for her at home does not require much effort and cost. This is a very delicate and decorative flower that can decorate any living space.

Campanula, or bell, in floriculture: from the choice of species to the rules of care

Campanula (from the Latin. Campanula) - a large genus of plants, which includes about 400 species. They all have flowers of bells: modest, but attractive. Campanulas are distributed throughout Europe, the territory of Russia, and are found even in North America. These plants adorn shady forests and alpine slopes. Will they have a place in the garden?

Flower bell: structure and features of flowering

Bells are exclusively herbaceous plants, perennials are predominant in the wild. But There are biennial and annual species.

All of them share a special form of flowers collected on the stem, for which they got their name (campana - bell).

Petals can be painted in shades of blue, blue, mauve, there are species with white flowers.

The garden campanula has long stems spreading along the ground. Diversified varieties of plants, including with double flowers, interesting colors. Они источают приятный и ненавязчивый аромат со сладкими нотками, который усиливается к вечеру.

Описание видов и сортов колокольчика (кампанулы садовой)

Большой ассортимент видов позволяет красиво оформить участок. Кампанулы хорошо смотрятся в общих клумбах, потому что их цветки с нежной окраской прекрасно сочетаются с другими обитателями цветника. Ampelnye grades will decorate flowerpots. You can choose a plant to your taste, which will organically fit into the overall concept of territory design.

Other types of bell

There are other types of bells that can be planted on the plot:

  1. Long-column: height does not exceed 30 cm, so it is well suited for borders. Bluish flowers are collected in the brush.
  2. Kamnelomka: undersized plant with purple flowers. Height is no more than 5 cm.
  3. Pyramidal: tall perennial, thick stalks of which are covered with buds.
  4. Poskharsky: ideal for alpine slides, because its bushes spread along the soil. It blooms from May to autumn.
  5. Sarasto: has a medium-sized stem and large purple bell flowers, looking down.
  6. Sarmatian: a rare species whose birthplace is the Caucasus. He loves the sun. Bells exude a pleasant honey smell.
  7. Tirsoid: a rather exotic-looking plant, because it has a dense bud-inflorescence, the height of which can be up to 70 cm.

Growing a bell from seed in the garden and at home

All types of bells, both perennial and annual, are propagated by seed. This is a fairly simple way, and the process is not difficult, even for those who began to design their site very recently. Garden campanules suitable for growing in boxes or hanging pots on verandas, balconies, in arbors.

The seeds of bluebells usually have good germination, if they were properly collected and preserved. They do not require any prior preparation before boarding. The main thing is that they are healthy: no signs of rot and other diseases, unpleasant odors.

The easiest way is to plant the seeds immediately in the ground. Usually they do it in May or in October "before winter". It is necessary to make grooves, taking into account the distance between the rows and based on the dimensions of the selected type of bell. In spring, shoots can be thinned and transplanted at will. But perennial varieties may not please this year with its beautiful flowering.

The easiest way is to plant the bell seeds immediately in the ground

If you want the campanula to bloom in the coming summer, you will have to take care of the seedlings in March or April. Seeds are simply spread evenly over the soil in the container. It is better to choose a light substrate with good water permeability.

For example, a mixture of turf, humus soil and sand is well suited in a ratio of 3: 6: 1. The soil must be pre-moistened. The seeds of the bells are lightly pressed into the ground, sprayed with a spray bottle, and then the container is covered with polyethylene, creating the effect of a greenhouse.

The ideal temperature is 20 ° C. Shoots will appear after 14 - 20 days.

After that, you can remove the film, and put the container on the bright windowsill. But it is important to take care that bright sunlight does not fall on the young plants. Care for seedlings is timely watering if the top layer of the earth becomes dry.

When 2-4 full-fledged leaves will develop, you should pick out and plant the bells so that between them is 8-10 cm. Each plant will have enough space for development. When transplanting using complex fertilizer, diluted in low concentration.

If you want the campanula to bloom in the coming summer, you will have to take care of the seedlings in March or April.

Bluebell: the peculiarities of care in indoor conditions

The equal-bellflower is an incomparable "bride". Two or three decades ago, such a houseplant could be found in every home, and today its popularity undeservedly waned. It is a pity, because the “bride” successfully combines beauty and unpretentiousness.

The flat-leafed campanula loves good lighting, but its delicate leaves and flowers do not tolerate scorching sunlight. Therefore, if the pot is on the south side, you will need to create artificial shading or place it near the window on the nightstand or a special stand.

The North is also not suitable for growing, because the bells will miss the sun, flowering will stop, and their stems will stretch, becoming unattractive. Ideal - the east and west window of the house.

In the warm season, the "bride" can be carried out on the open balcony or in the garden.

The uniform bell is an incomparable bride

Like all plants, flattened campanula needs enough moisture. She needs moderate watering, in the summer - more often, in the winter - less often, but the earthen ball should never dry out completely.

Excess water is also extremely undesirable because it provokes root rot. In this case, experienced growers share with each other information that Campanula perfectly tolerates irrigation with tap water without settling.

In the warm season, especially in the summer months, the flower is sprayed from a spray bottle. It is desirable that the drops do not fall on the bells themselves (they may appear ugly spots). Therefore, you should raise the pot and refresh the shoots "from the inside" from the bottom. If the room is very dry air, the pot can be put in a pan filled with moistened moss or small pebbles.

Campanula loves good lighting, but its delicate leaves and flowers do not tolerate the scorching sun rays.

Garden bell: technology of planting and care in the open field

Seedlings are planted on the border of spring and summer: in the last decade of May or early June. You need to choose a place where the seedlings receive the required amount of sunlight. Shade-loving species are distinguished by the dark green color of leaf plates. Therefore, you need to choose an open place so that bushes, trees, fences, walls of the house do not block them from the sun.

The soil must first be prepared: dig well, remove weeds and the remnants of their roots, apply fertilizer. If the soil is heavy, then humus and sand can be added to the flower garden. But it is not recommended to bring manure and peat, because they can provoke a fungus campaign.

When planting low bells, it is enough to keep a distance of 10 to 15 cm between plants, for sredneroslyh - about 25 cm, and for species with long stems - not less than 50 cm. When the plants are planted, it remains to stamp the soil around them and carefully shed water.

Shallow-looking types of bluebells are distinguished by the dark green color of leaf plates.

Flowers resembling bells: eliminate confusion

In nature, there are plants that look like bells. But, according to botanical systematization, they belong to other families, and sometimes belong to different classes.

Also read: Blooming lilac in winter (lilac forcing)

So, the Chilean bell, which is officially called Lapazheria, belongs to the monocots. It is a liana, covered with large flowers. In the wild, it grows only on the slopes of the Andes in Chile.

How to grow a bell room (video)

The bells look like:

  1. Digitalis is a herbaceous perennial, some species of which are used for decorative and medicinal purposes. Some of them are poisonous, so they are not planted where children walk.
  2. Gentian is also usually decorated with blue bells, at least - white or yellowish. She, like the campaigners, is planted in flowerbeds.
  3. Gloxinia is a houseplant with voluminous "gramophones" of various colors.
  4. Petunia is a popular flower decorating sites and balconies.
  5. Ipomoea - convolvulus with colorful bells.

Although the bells are considered to be meadow plants, the campanula is great for decorating a garden or a flower garden near the house. The variety of types, their sizes and coloring allows to create harmonious compositions.

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