To give your garden an attractive look, many gardeners grow perennial flowering plants. Perennials that do not require special care are especially popular.
Many lovers of plants known Brunner. Due to the bright color, small flowers and attractive form of leaves, hearts, the shrub can decorate any private plot.
Brunner feels great on those parts of the garden where other plants cannot grow and develop. It is planted in the shade under the trees.. In addition, due to the special structure of the root system, it does not allow weeds to develop.
Under natural conditions, the brunner grows in deciduous and coniferous forests or along the banks of reservoirs. Brunner refers to moisture-loving plants. She tolerates severe frosts. Grows in one place to 15 years.
Brunner received its name in honor of the researcher and botanist S. Brunner, who in the middle of the XIX century studied the nature of the Crimea.
Brunner is a herbaceous perennial plant. family Burachnikov. Its hallmark is whole large leaves.
Stem branched, spreading, forms long shoots up to 40 centimeters. On the stem and leaf stalks there is pubescence, which makes the plant rough to the touch.
The leaves are oblong, oval or heart-shaped. The color of the sheet plate is two-tone: dark green from the outside and gray below.
Small flowers are collected in inflorescences, flaps have a blue color. The flowering plant begins in early May, after which the active growth of leaves and shoots begins. Under favorable conditions, brunners may re-bloom at the end of summer.
The external similarity of brunners and forget-me-nots is often noted, therefore, this garden plant is often called a “forget-me-not”. However, plants have differences: flowers of Brunners are larger and have no smell.
At the end of flowering, seed boxes are formed on the plants, containing fruit-nuts.
In decorative floriculture plant three species of this plant..
- Brunner krupnolistnaya. Under natural conditions, this plant grows in the Caucasus. It is a low shrub up to 40 centimeters with a powerful, fibrous root system. Stems dense with short pubescence. The leaves are heart-shaped. The sheet plate is colored dark green. The flowers are small, collected in paniculate inflorescences, the color can be varied: from pale blue to lilac. Large-leafed Brunner blooms from mid-spring to early summer. This variety is most popular with gardeners, because the color of the leaves does not change until the first frost,
- Brunner Siberian. Under natural conditions, this species grows in Siberia and Altai in shaded or highly humid places. It is distinguished by larger flowers and leaves, therefore, compared with other species, it looks more impressive and attractive.
The plant has a strong root system, which in the course of development covers a large area, resulting in a whole carpet of flowers and leaves on the surface of the earth. Brunner Siberian does not form a shrub. In this regard, it is used as a ground cover plant. Its leaves are dense, slightly wrinkled. Flowers of dark blue color are collected in inflorescences panicles.
Flowering lasts from May to June. After that, the green carpet dries completely, and grows back in mid-August. Young greenery is preserved until the first frost.
- Eastern Brunner. The species grows in natural conditions in the countries of the Middle East and does not differ in decorative properties. At present, breeders have deduced several hybrid varieties of leafy brunners with variegated leaf color. These plants retain their attractiveness even after the end of the flowering period, since their main decoration is motley leaves, for which they are grown.
- Bigfoot Brunner Jack Frost. Very elegant flower Brunner Jack Frost, who immediately fell in love with many gardeners. The leaves of the plant are very attractive. From a distance, it seems that they are covered with frost, numerous veins are located on the surface of the silver-gray sheet plate. The plant forms neat bushes, which at the end of May are covered with delicate flowers.
- Brunner large-leaved Variegata. This is a bush plant, the height of which does not exceed 30 centimeters. Large leaves. The sheet plate is slightly wrinkled, on the edge is a white rim, which in the form of reeds comes on a surface painted in dark green. This sort of Brunner is often used by landscape designers to design borders.
Lighting and location
Place of landing Brunners should choose considering the illumination and moistening of the plot. In this case, in the future, you will not need to exert much effort to care for the plant.
The large-leaved Brunner grows well in shaded, moderately sunlit areas of the garden, covered with tree crowns. In such conditions, plantings grow rapidly, and gardeners will only limit them and control the density. With a strong shading, the stems of the Brunners will be stretched out and it will lose its decorative effect.
The large-leaved Brunner grows well near artificial reservoirs. Under these conditions, the flower does not lack moisture and does not require additional air moistening.
Planting and soil
Under natural conditions, the distance grows in shaded and well moistened areas coniferous and deciduous forests. In the garden area, shrubs should be provided with conditions close to natural.
Under direct sunlight, the brunner may die, so it is planted in the shade or near the reservoir. It requires a clayy, highly moist soil.
Planting in open ground is carried out at the end of July. A shrub transplant in springtime can lead to the development of diseases. Landing is carried out in the evening or overcast day.
This method of reproduction does not always give a positive result, since variegated forms can lose their decorative properties without inheriting the qualities of the mother plant. Seeds intended for planting are sown on a previously prepared area to a small depth and sprinkled with a thin layer of soil.
Division of rhizome
This breeding method is well suited for breeding varieties, having variegated leaves, as it allows you to save all the signs of the main plant. The division of rhizomes is carried out at the end of summer, when new flower buds form on the bushes.
For planting should prepare segments of rhizome with buds that are planted in the prepared soil. Do not strongly deepen the plants. It is desirable that the root system is close to the surface of the earth. Seedlings survive well to the end of autumn and easily tolerate winter frosts. With the onset of heat, in spring the young brunner is blooming.
The division of the bush is held in August. To do this, carefully scoop up the shrub, keeping the earthen ball whole, and remove the ground part with a sharp knife. The root system should be well washed, carefully cut and immediately landed in the ground. With prolonged outdoor exposure, the roots dry out very quickly and the plant may die.
Landing in this way is carried out in the spring. In summertime, you should maintain a high soil moisture and provide shading.
Distillation allows you to get flowering copies of plants in the middle of December. To do this, you need a rhizome with a clod of earth to plant in a large container filled with loose nutrient soil. After that, the soil is well watered and left in the shade until the onset of the first frost.
After the onset of frost the container is moved to a cool place with a temperature of up to +5 degrees. With good lighting, the brunner begins to grow actively. After the first sprouts appear, the plant is moved to a warmer room.
Diseases and pests
The plant is resistant to pests and diseases. Brown spot and powdery mildew may appear on the shrub. For the prevention and treatment of plants, you can use copper sulphate. Before treatment, remove affected leaves and shoots.
Beauty Bruner: Description
Flower Bruner - family borage. It is distinguished by a significant growth - 55-60 cm, as well as pubescence of petioles, on which powerful leaves are kept in the shape of a heart. An adult flower is more like a shrub than a grassy plant, so it is used not only as gardening beds, but also as a green hedge.
A striking feature is the pale blue flowers (7-10 mm in diameter) with a white center, similar to forget-me-not flowers. This is in contrast to the forget-me-not, in which the heart of the flower is yellow, as well as the second name, the forget-me-not.
Despite the popularity of bruner, the flower has only 3 species (bruner Siberian, the flowers of which differ in rich blue color, bruner krupnolistnaya, striking decorative, eastern Bruner, which is not cultivated) and about 30 varieties. Each of them will please a certain shade and pattern of leaves, the height of the bush, the features of cultivation. You can choose the grade:
- Variegata, which will conquer the emerald green foliage and snow-white edge. Feature - the height of the bush at 35 cm,
- Silver Hut, striking silver patterns, hearts on the leaves. The main advantage is undemanding of soils and the possibility of growing under direct sunlight without loss of decorative properties,
- King Rans will appeal to someone who loves the mixture of green, silver and cream. An important feature is the height of the bush, which can reach 75 cm,
- Jack Frost, who is covered with frost. The important rule of care is spraying,
- Lucking Glass, which will appeal to those who adore low-growing varieties. The height of the bush - up to 20 cm, flowers - up to 7 mm in diameter, silver foliage.
Attention! When choosing a variety, pay attention to the peculiarities of cultivation and do not plant 2 different varieties nearby. It will make leaving difficult!
Planting Bruners in the open ground: important points
Deciding to decorate your own garden with a bruner, you made the right decision. She is so unpretentious that even an experienced florist will be amazed. Suffice it to remember that the flower does not tolerate direct sunlight, which cause burns of leaves and loss of decoration. Therefore, the best place is a penumbra or shade, the location is closer to the water. In this case, it will not be necessary to water the plant once again, but it will delight you with amazing foliage color all season!
But if the care does not require much effort, then planting a new bush is the opposite. You should have time, patience, and then your garden will be adorned with more than one Bruner bush.
Typically, planting a new bush associated with the division of the old, already overgrown. Taking into account the fact that a bruner can live in one place for up to 15 years, it is possible to divide and multiply it every third year. For this you need:
- trim the shrub to a height of 15-20 cm. The time of dividing the bush and planting is the end of July-beginning of August,
- dig up the root, rinse well in water,
- split into pieces. Usually the bush breaks up on its own, if not - it is worth resorting to using a knife,
- dip the roots of each new bush into a drug that stimulates their growth, land in the wells at a distance of at least 50-70 cm from each other,
- to water.
Flower care: basic rules
Bruner does not require much effort from you, pleasing you with a healthy appearance and a powerful bush. An important condition is the right landing site (shade or partial shade, high humidity). However, in order for the flower to feel as comfortable as possible, you need to:
- to moisten young bushes by spraying in case moisture is insufficient or it has turned out to be a hot summer. Watering - moderate, 1 time in 10-14 days,
- feed bruner with complex mineral fertilizers. She responds well to top dressing, so 3-4 times per season will be quite enough,
- Mulch the ground around the bush to maintain constant moisture. Do not forget that the roots of Bruner are located close to the surface of the earth, so moisture is vital for them to get nutrients.
Bruner is a winter-hardy plant that can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C. This suggests that it is not worth covering it up, but you can muffle the root zone.
The flower is not prone to diseases, but in hot and rainy summer it can become sick with powdery mildew or brown spot. An excellent solution in this case is copper-containing drugs. At the same time spraying should be repeated again in 10-14 days in order to avoid relapse.
Bruner in the garden, or the story of those who are able to make her company
Perennial Bruner is an excellent option for landscaping complex areas of the garden, as well as creating a true miracle near the barbecue area, pool or gazebo. To do this, it is enough to pick up interesting plants in the company to Bruner, next door to which she will be pleased.
These plants can be:
- periwinkle, undersized salvia, ranunculus - on the first line,
- some of the perennials, whose height will not reach 30 cm. A great option is tulips, lilies of the valley and even snowdrops, which are well suited for a half-shaded and moist place,
- tea or curly roses in the background. Bruner greens and roses will create a single range, but the flowers will delight the contrast.
Creating a landscape design in a particular style is a delicate and multifaceted business. But in a few years you can create on your site a real natural masterpiece consisting of annual flowers and perennial plants, shrubs and short trees, even large trees. Why not?
And already later, enjoying the rest in the garden, you will remember that it all began with a forget-me-not. A shrub flower, which is liked by shades of foliage and pretty flowers.
Types of Brunners
This perennial plant has only three species, of which two are cultivated. The most popular can be called a large-leaved variety, the natural habitat of which is the Caucasian mountains. Therefore, this type of flower is often called Caucasian forget-me-not. Slightly inferior to her in popularity is the Siberian Brunner, which, as it is not difficult to guess, grows in the forests of Siberia. There is also an Eastern Brunner, whose homeland is the Eastern countries: Lebanon, Palestine, Iraq, Turkey, Iran. But she is not cultivated in ornamental gardening. Therefore, further we will discuss only the first two types of plants.
This type of flower grows a small bush. The stems produce rough-pubescent, branched, which reach a length of up to 40 cm. The oblong basal leaves have a sharp apex and a heart-shaped shape. Located on long petioles, pubescent below, rough and gray, and dark green above. The flowers are dark blue with a white spot on the core, up to 7 mm in diameter. Collected in paniculate corymbose apical inflorescences. Bloom in mid-April, bloom lasts about a month. With a warm autumn bush may bloom for the second time in a year. Among the most popular varieties include:
- brunner big leaf jack frostwhich has silvery, almost white leaves with green veins, as well as a green border around the edge of the sheet,
- Millennium Zilber different leaves with large silver-white spots,
- Langtriz it blooms with blue flowers, has dark green leaves, which are dotted with silvery specks on the periphery,
- Hadspan Cream produces heart-shaped wide leaves up to 15 cm in length, the edges of which are decorated with white and cream border,
- Brunner Variegata It also has a wide white-cream strip on the edges of the leaves, but it enters the green parts of the leaf in deep tongues. If the variety is planted in the sun, the leaves will become almost white.
Brunner siberian (Brunnera sibirica)
This species is larger and more spectacular than the previous one. It has a long and thick rhizome, produces pubescent solitary stems, which reach a height of 60 cm. It grows not a bush, but dense thickets. And her leaves are not the same. Those that grow on the stems, almost lanceolate, sessile. Basal same dense, wrinkled, sitting on long petioles and have a heart-shaped form. Brunner of this species, when flowering, produces dark blue flowers with a diameter of up to 5 mm with a white eye. They are collected in paniculate inflorescences and hold for three weeks. Flowering plant starts in May.
Site selection and soil for Brunners
As already mentioned, the flower is relatively unpretentious, including the place of planting is not particularly picky. But under different conditions, its decorative effect can be brighter or smoothed out. So, the most spectacular plant looks in partially shaded areas, when it receives enough sunlight before dinner, and after dinner it is in the shade. With this planting Brunner does not even require special watering.
Brunner grows much worse in a dark garden or in the sun. В последнем случае она резко теряет свою декоративность, к тому же требует постоянного полива. Исключение могут составлять солнечные участки вблизи водоемов. With strong heat and insufficient moisture, the flower can dry out, but quickly revives when watering is resumed.
The large-leaved species of the plant prefers moderately fertile and moist, drained and loose soils. Fertilizing does not require, as they provoke an intensive growth of leaves, because of which the flower loses its attractiveness.
The Siberian species grows well in clay and wet soils. Therefore, it is recommended to plant in the northern areas and monitor soil moisture. Unlike the previous species, weed practically does not require, as it has a powerful rhizome.
When deciding where to plant the brunner, give preference to the northern side of the house, the shore of the reservoir, the place under the fruit trees.
Growing seed brunners
The flower can be grown from seeds. Large-leaved varieties are sometimes sown on their own, if weather conditions contribute to this. You can collect them in early June, but before planting they require a long stratification - at least two months. Therefore, they are recommended to land in the fall for the winter. The seeded plant gives the first flowering in the third year after planting.
Division of rhizomes of brunners of siberian
Brunner of this type requires special rules for planting and care in the open field. So, it can not be planted in the spring. The best way of reproduction will be rhizome division. To do this, dig up the root in the middle of summer and divide it into pieces of 5-6 cm so that each has a kidney. The resulting seedlings are planted to a depth of 3 cm and well watered. Reproduced in this way the plant blooms next year.
How to care for brunner in the garden
With the right choice of landing site for the Brunner does not require special care. It quickly grows and suppresses all sorts of weeds. However, you may suffer and the necessary plants. Therefore, it is planted so that there is enough space for growth.
The flowering of brunners lasts just over 20 days. After that, dry inflorescences and faded leaves must be removed. By the end of summer, the plant will acquire fresh leaves. Large-leaved varieties keep their ornamental leaves until late autumn, but they grow more slowly. Therefore, these varieties require a little more thorough care: periodic weeding and watering.
Pests and diseases of Brunners, how to deal with them
The flower is not prone to disease. Sometimes it may appear brown spot. It occurs from too frequent watering or during the rainy summer. Siberian species may be affected by powdery mildew. To combat these diseases using fungicides, for example, Bordeaux mixture. Before treating a plant, all affected parts must be removed from it.
Brunner pests are whitefly and aphid, but they rarely attack the plant. If, however, they have chosen the flower, they are fighting with solutions of Karbofos or Aktellika.
How to prepare bushes brunners for winter
The plant is considered winter-hardy, so special precautions in the preparation is not required. In some varieties, the leaves do not die off by winter, and they must be removed forcibly. The plant tolerates winter well, so it does not require shelter. But if a particularly severe or snowless winter is expected, the soil should be mulched with humus, peat or compost.
In the spring with the onset of heat, the shelter must be removed and the soil gently loosened.
In the fall, the flower bush can be dug, cut off the leaves and planted in a spacious pot with the soil corresponding to the plant variety. The soil is well watered, and the pot is cleaned in a cool place. It may be a dark place in the open air. There he can stand until frost. With their onset, the pot is transferred to a bright room with a temperature not lower than +5 ° C (on the balcony or loggia) and watered as the soil dries. As soon as shoots appear, the temperature is raised to +10 ° C. Then by about December the plant will delight you with new flowers. In the spring, Brunner can be planted again in open ground.
Brunner is a plant that pleases not only with a scattering of blue small flowers, but also with decorative leaves of interesting shapes and colors. Grow it easy. Enough to put in a slightly shaded place near the pond. She drowns weeds independently, does not like fertilizers of the soil, as well as frequent watering. It looks great in flower arrangements in the garden.
Varieties and types
Brunner krupnolistnaya - is a branched shrub that grows up to 40 cm. The leaves are large, shaped like a heart, often covered with white spots. Flowers blue color, white heart. Blossoming falls on May and lasts about a month. With warm weather may bloom a second time in the fall.
The most popular varieties are as follows:
- Millennium Zilbert - has silvery spots on the leaves.
- Jack Frost - this variety has almost completely white leaves, only their edge has a green stripe.
- Brunner Variegata - The edges of the leaves of this Brunner are decorated with a curved cream-colored line, sometimes creeping towards the center of the leaf.
- Silver wings - has green leaves, blades, which are densely covered with small white dots.
Brunner siberian - to us this species came from Altai. This brunner is larger than the large leaf. The stems grow above half a meter, unlike their relatives, they do not bush.
Brunner krupnolistnaya landing and care
Care for Siberian and krupnolistnoy brunnerov has its differences.
For the large leaf, with the right choice of place of cultivation, you can not care at all. Unless weeding, but very carefully, since the roots of the flower are rather high.
Bruner Siberian in July requires pruning, as its leaves begin to dry out. Weeding and watering this type does not require.
But if summer is too hot, then watering will still need to be taken care of. The fact that the Brunner requires moisture, you will learn from the leaf leaves.
Wild brunners grow in wooded areas. Therefore, it is better for them to choose a shady place where the sun will not be able to burn the flower. Direct sunlight is permissible only if the brunner grows near water.
For planting Brunners need clay soil. The soil should be wet, especially for Siberian Brunners. Planting is carried out from mid-July to mid-August, the same applies to transplants.
In the spring, these procedures are best not to carry out, as there is a big risk that the flower gets sick. Transplantation and landing are done in the evening or in gloomy weather.
Brunner krupnolistnaya reproduction
Planting new Brunners is most often carried out with the help of reproduction by dividing the bush. The plant is dug out, remove the stems and remove the soil from the roots, holding them slightly in the water. The rhizome is divided in such a way that each delinki has a bud. These parts are planted and watered well. After these actions, the soil near the plants is mulched with ashes, bark or sawdust.
Seed propagation for this species is not suitable, as they are rarely tied. Variegated brunners can be propagated vegetatively.
Fertilizer is generally not required, but you can feed the flower a little with organic fertilizer.
Bruner is a perennial herb, the bush can reach a height of 45-50 centimeters. On the surface of branched shoots is pubescence. Large whole long-leaf leaf plates have a wide heart shape. Blue small flowers (diameter 0.5–1 cm) of the flowers are externally similar to forget-me-nots, therefore this plant is also popularly called a nezabudnik. These flowers are part of paniculate or corymbose inflorescences. Flowering begins in April and lasts 4 weeks, possibly re-flowering in the autumn. The flower of this plant differs from forget-me-not by the fact that the stain inside it is not colored yellow, but white. The fruit is a nutlet. Such a low-maintenance plant, growing, forms spectacular thickets. It is winter-hardy, but it feels bad during the arid hot period. Without transplantation, bruner can be grown on the same place for about 15 years.
Such a plant in natural conditions prefers to grow in the forest; therefore, it is shade- and moisture-loving. When choosing a site for planting, it is necessary to take this into account. In hot areas, it is necessary to choose a shaded area for the Bruners to land, since the scorching sunlight can destroy it. In areas with a less hot climate, planting of this flower should be carried out in a slightly shaded place, or you should choose a site that will be in the shade after dinner. If you plant it near the pond, then such a plant is able to withstand the direct rays of the sun. Suitable for planting clay clay wet soil, with the Siberian Brunner more demanding on the composition of the soil than the coarse. Disembarkation, as well as transplantation is carried out in the last days of July or in the first days of August. Spring transplant bruner tolerates very bad. At this time, it is possible to transplant only bruners of large-leaved leaves, while it is necessary to take an earthy ball of relatively large size. Disembarkation should be carried out in the evening or on a cloudy day.
How to plant
Most often, brunners are planted with a large leaf planting along with flower division. After the bush ottsvetet, it is necessary to dig. Then the root system must be freed from the soil, while immersing it in a container with water. After that, the bush is divided into parts, while adhering to the natural collapse of the rhizome. If necessary, a very sharp, pre-sterilized knife should be used to cut rhizomes. When dividing, it should be noted that each delenka should contain roots, as well as a recovery bud for the next year. Plant delenki in the wells, and then pour them well.
You can multiply Siberian Brunner with rhizome segments. It is located very close to the ground surface. Dug out rhizomes need to cut out the old areas, as well as those on which there is rot. Then it is divided by breaking it in such a way that on each resulting delenki there is a living renewal kidney. The length of the delenok can vary from 4 to 6 centimeters. Each delenka is planted separately, buried in the soil for 2-3 cm, then it is very well watered.
When the plants are planted, the surface of the soil is sprinkled with a layer of mulch (limestone, sawdust, tree bark, wood ash or coffee grounds).
Brunner care in the garden
The rules for the care of the brunner siberian and brunner large-leaved have differences. The large-leaved Brunner retains an attractive appearance throughout the growing season, and if you choose the right place for it (shaded with moist soil), then you can forget about leaving it before the onset of autumn time. All that is needed for this type is systematic weeding that must be carried out necessarily, but it should be noted that it is impossible to loosen the soil, because the plant root system is located very close to the soil surface.
After the brunner siberian blooms, brownish specks will start to form on its leaf plates. Then the leaves will begin to fade, and in the middle of summer they are recommended to be removed. In the second half of August, brunners should grow young leaves that are able to hold out until the first frost. Weeds are not afraid of this type, nor does it need watering (natural precipitation is enough) and soil loosening, because the root system is also located close enough to the ground surface. If the summer is very hot, then the Brunners, regardless of the type, will have to be watered periodically, immediately after the leaves begin to wilt.
Above described in detail how to propagate brunner division of rhizomes. It should be noted that the variegated forms can be propagated only in this way. Species brunner is quite possible to grow from seed, but because of the early frosts, it rarely manages to set seeds. But you can always buy the seeds of such a plant in a specialty store. Seeds of this flower are very small. Their seeding is recommended to produce in open ground before winter (in autumn). For spring sowing the seeds must be prepared, for this they should be subjected to stratification, which lasts 3 or 4 months. To do this, they can be sown in a box, and then buried in the snow outside, but the easiest way to put them on the shelf of the refrigerator. It should be borne in mind that by division it is much easier for Brunner to multiply than for seeds, and often it propagates itself by self-seeding.
Pests and diseases
If there is a lot of rain in the summer, then such a plant can develop brown spotting, spots that have appeared on the leaf plates will indicate infection. Another Bruner can become powdery mildew. In case of a diseased specimen, it is necessary to remove all infected parts, and then it should be treated with any fungicidal agent (for example, Bordeaux mixture).
Also on this flower can live whiteflies and aphids. For their destruction, it is recommended to treat the bush with Karbofos or Aktellik.
Preparing brunner for the upcoming winter is very simple. Leaf plates in the fall need to be cut, as they themselves do not die. It is not necessary to cover these flowers because they are winter-resistant enough, but experienced gardeners recommend to fill the site with a layer of mulch (peat, compost or humus).
Planting and care
Brunner in natural conditions grows in woodlands, therefore, tolerates shady places. Sunlight is allowed only for a short time, the open sun causes the oppression and death of the plant. You can place Brunner in an open place just near the reservoir. In hot regions, a constant shadow is preferable. The lacy penumbra of fruit trees is an ideal option for placing Brunners.
- The soil for planting Siberian brunners should be clay, heavy, moist.
- Brunner krupnolistnaya prefers a more loose, fertile soil. At one place, both species can grow without a transplant for more than 15 years and longer.
- Prefers fertilizing with organic fertilizers. To do this, prepare the infusion of mullein - they feed them once a month.
- It is possible to mumble the plantings with humus in the fall, so that in the spring when the snow melts the roots get enough nutrients.
The rhizomes of the plant are intertwined in wet soil and do not allow other plants to germinate among themselves. Therefore, weeding is necessary only for transplantation and reproduction, while young specimens have not gained power.
Brunner roots are located almost on the surface, so loosening is not carried out so as not to damage them. Planting humus should be mulched to keep moisture in the soil longer.
Brunners can be expelled
- To do this, carefully dig up the rhizome with a lump of earth, roll it into a large pot with drainage holes, filled with nutrient substrate.
- Before the onset of cold weather, you can leave the plant in the open air, so that it adapts faster.
- Then it is transferred to a cool room. The earth is kept wet, avoiding overflow.
- With good lighting, the brunner quickly starts to grow - to speed up flowering, it can be brought to a warmer room.
- Floral arrows will appear by mid-December. Experimenting with the temperature of the content, you can achieve flowering for the New Year or other holidays.
Great for mixborders, borders as a plant of the second plan. Brunner self-sufficient in single landings on lawns, flower beds, curbs.
Types and varieties of Brunner
There are 3 types of brunners:
Brunnera macrophylla - her homeland is the Caucasus. Externally, it is a small shrub about 40 cm tall with a powerful rhizome, from which densely pubescent stems with dark green pointed leaves in the shape of a heart depart. Flowers tinged from lilac to dark blue with a white speck in the center are gathered in panicles. The flowering period - from late April to late June. The most popular among gardeners, because the leaves do not change color to deep frosts.
Brunner siberian (Brunnera sibirica) - owes its name to the place of its origin - Western and Eastern Siberia. Its long and strong rhizome develops under the ground a whole network, the processes from which cover the ground with a carpet of plants. The bush does not form. Flowers of dark blue color rise above wrinkled and dense leaves in inflorescences-panicles. Prefers shady wet places. The flowering process lasts from the end of May for a month. Then the plant almost dries out, but from the middle of August it is covered with new greens, which it retains until frost.
Eastern Brunner (Brunnera orientalis) - The homeland is the countries of the Middle East. It is not particularly decorative, therefore it is not used as a decoration of plots, but grows only in its natural environment.
Varieties of big leaf brunner
Since of all the species Brunner is the most attractive for gardening, it has become the basis for breeding different varieties.
Jack Frost - “Frost” is translated from English as “frost”. Такое название сорт носит не зря: листья выглядят, как будто покрытые инеем – зеленые прожилки на серебристом фоне. Образует достаточно крупный куст, достигающий 60 см в высоту. Цветет с мая по июнь и отличается повышенной морозостойкостью.
Для сохранения декоративности листьев необходимо постоянное увлажнение. Therefore, the northern part of the site is well suited for planting, protected from prolonged exposure to sunlight, where water stagnates in the rain. In full shade, as in the sun, do not plant.
Variegata - low variety - up to 35 cm. Leaves of emerald color with transition along the edges to white.
Prefers penumbra. When landing on a sunny place the leaves will burn and lose decorativeness. It can also completely lose foliage in the event of drought.
Looking glass - in translation - “mirror”. The height is only from 20 to 35 cm. A silvery shade prevails in the color of leaves. Flowers pale blue with a diameter of 5 to 7 mm.
Shady and semi-shady places are suitable for landing. Shrubs keep their shape well and are fairly resistant to fungal infections. Perfectly suited for curbs and shaded parts of rockeries.
Kings Ransom - shrub from 40 to 55 cm in height. The leaves are large with dark green veins on a light gray background, creamy around the edges. Differs profuse flowering from late April to mid-June. In warm autumn weather, flowering may resume, but in this case it is better to remove the inflorescences so that the plant does not lose strength before winter. It grows well in partial shade with regular watering.
Millennium Zilber - The emerald leaves of this variety are covered with a scattering of small white spots closer to the edge, which makes it more recognizable among the rest. The growing conditions are the same as for the other varieties.
Silver Hut - if you translate the name from English to Russian, it will sound like a “silver heart”. Anyone who sees the leaves of this variety Brunners, it will immediately become clear why it was so named. As if dozens of silver hearts with a thin green hem and streaks frame flower stalks. The bush reaches 40 cm in height and up to half a meter in diameter. Thanks to a dense sheet plate can withstand even direct sunlight and is not afraid of an excess of moisture. To soil acidity is not demanding.
- You can try to grow brunner seedlings - for this, it is sown in plates or containers with dense soil and placed in a refrigerator or under snow for stratification for 4 months.
- At the end of winter the pot is set on the window sill.
- Sprouts will appear in two weeks, but not all at the same time.
- When sparse sowing they can not dive, and slightly pour the soil into the container with seedlings.
- It is further grown as ordinary seedlings, feeding twice a month with liquid complex fertilizer.
- Such plants will be ready for planting on the garden bed already with the onset of warm days. Transplant they suffer no pain.
Vegetative reproduction (grafting, dividing the bush) is most acceptable because of the simplicity, accessibility, ease. It also always retains its original maternal qualities. Seed is also used in the event that it is not possible to purchase planting material. Such reproduction is beneficial even if you purchased a bag with a mixture of different brunner, so you can simultaneously get a lot of different varieties and colors.